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  • 1.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    Air Power in Humanitarian Intervention: Kosovo and Libya in Comparative Perspective2018Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 39-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It would be hard to overstate the importance of air power in humanitarian intervention (HI) and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). Yet, the role of air power in HI and R2P has been understudied. This article seeks to remedy the lack of systematic investigation. It does so by developing a framework for assessing the effectiveness of air power during military operations in HI and R2P and applies it to NATO’s air campaigns in Kosovo (Operation Allied Force) and Libya (Operation Unified Protector). Upon examination NATO is revealed to have fared better in Libya than Kosovo in positively accomplishing its stated humanitarian objectives, minimizing collateral damage and reducing the costs for the interveners, all of which are aspects considered by the model. The relative effectiveness of Operations Unified Protector is generally attributed to geography, diplomacy and technology. It is argued that better ground support, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and burden sharing are needed to enhance the utility of air power in HI and R2P even further.

  • 2.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    Decapitation in Libya: Winning the Conflict and Losing the Peace2017Inngår i: The Washington quarterly, ISSN 0163-660X, E-ISSN 1530-9177, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 135-149Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    Fully integrated content analysis in international relations2017Inngår i: International Relations, ISSN 0047-1178, E-ISSN 1741-2862, Vol. 31, nr 4, s. 447-465Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Content analysis has once again come to the forefront of discussions regarding methods in International Relations (IR). The first wave of content analysis in IR lasted from the 1940s to the 1960s and was marked by a commitment to quantitative and manual analyses. The second wave of content analysis appeared around the third millennium and continues to pervade the discipline also proceeds in a predominantly quantitative manner but emphasizes computer-assisted analysis rather than manual analysis. Critics and advocates of the method alike have, highlighted numerous shortcomings with these approaches. In order to address these limitations, the present investigation argues for a fully integrated content analysis that has the potential to ameliorate the identified weaknesses that have hitherto plagued the method. It accomplishes this task by combining all facets of the method: quantitative, qualitative, manual, and computer-assisted content analyses within a single research project.

  • 4.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    Intelligence and Diplomacy in the Security Dilemma: Gauging Capabilities and Intentions2018Inngår i: International Politics, ISSN 1384-5748, E-ISSN 1740-3898, Vol. 55, nr 5, s. 519-536Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Determining whether the opposition is benign or malign is central to the security dilemma. In this context, states have to decide whether the military capabilities of others are for defensive or offensive purposes. Despite the importance of this issue, states’ use of intelligence and diplomacy to gauge others’ capabilities and intentions and its implications for exacerbating, ameliorating and escaping the security dilemma have hardly been addressed. The few who have engaged with the topic have only done so superficially. This article engages with the subject matter at length and argues that both intelligence and diplomacy are double-edged swords in the security dilemma. Intelligence is particularly useful in attaining information regarding the capabilities of others and diplomacy is of great value in acquiring information about their intentions. Yet, they are both prone to error. The best prospects of mitigating and escaping the security dilemma are therefore by utilizing intelligence to gauge others’ capabilities and diplomacy to decipher their intentions, even though these efforts may instead end up aggravating the security dilemma dynamics due to mistakes.

  • 5.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft). Swedish Defence University.
    Swedish Air Power History: A Holistic Overview2018Inngår i: Air Power History, ISSN 1044-016X, Vol. 65, nr 3, s. 7-14-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    The ethics of Carr and Wendt: Fairness and peace2018Inngår i: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 314-330Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The classical realist writings of E.H. Carr and constructivist publications of Alexander Wendt are extraordinarily influential. While they have provoked a great number of reactions within the discipline of International Relations, the ethical dimensions of their works have rarely been studied at length. This article seeks to remedy this lack of examination by engaging in an in-depth scrutiny of the moral concerns of these two mainstream International Relations scholars. On investigation, it is revealed that Carr demonstrates a strong commitment to the ethical principle of fairness and Wendt a moral concern for the prevention of the use of organized violence. These concerns are shared by Rawlsians and cosmopolitans in International Relations, and these findings may thereby encourage closer engagement between these diverse communities that rarely speak to one another and strengthen disciplinary research on morals.

  • 7.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    The Past, Present and Future of Realism2018Inngår i: Realism in Practice: An Appraisal / [ed] Davide Orsi, J. R. Avgustin & Max Nurnus, Bristol: E-International Relations Publising , 2018, s. 29-42Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Öberg, Dan
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    Suicide, the only politically worthy act2016Inngår i: Narrative Global Politics: Theory, history and the personal in international relations / [ed] Elizabeth Dauphinee, Naeem Inayatullah, London: Routledge, 2016, first, s. 191-199Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9.
    Öberg, Dan
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    Violent Fragments2015Inngår i: Journal of Narrative Politics, ISSN 2368-2507, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 150-152Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Öberg, Dan
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    War, transparency and control: the military architecture of operational warfare2016Inngår i: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, ISSN 0955-7571, E-ISSN 1474-449X, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 1132-1149Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary research, transparency is commonly understood to indicate and guarantee openness, in ways that make it synonymous with positive characteristics of governing. However, the allegedly benevolent link between transparency and governing has also been questioned, giving rise to arguments that transparency enables violent social control. Drawing upon this latter view, the article stages an encounter between critical debates on transparency and critical accounts of war to examine the way that they come together in the operationalization of warfare. Engaging particularly with Jean Baudrillard’s writing on transparency, the article inquires into the way control is socially manufactured and administered through military doctrines. It concludes that the operationalization of warfare is not, as many tend to argue, first and foremost about a response to practical problems when conducting wars. Rather, it consists of the potential to unveil global space and global time as an attempt to maintain and control future political becoming

  • 11.
    Öberg, Dan
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    Warfare as design: Transgressive creativity and reductive operational planning2018Inngår i: Security Dialogue, ISSN 0967-0106, E-ISSN 1460-3640, Vol. 49, nr 6, s. 493-509Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that the politics of contemporary Western warfare finds an important reference point in discourses on military design. In the 2010s, military design has become a trending topic in military discourses on command and planning methodology. Since Clausewitz, warfare has been considered a phenomenon characterized by a tension between creativity and linear planning, and the ideal commander as someone with the vision to overcome this. By mapping and analyzing tactical, operational, and strategic narratives and practices, the article illustrates how they emphasize a warfare based both on experimentation and artistry and on traditional operational planning. In so doing, military design relies on reductive military concepts to push the tension identified by Clausewitz towards its extreme end-point, idealizing creativity as an objective of warfare. The article ends by asking to what extent military design risks spilling over into other dimensions of social and political life. It concludes that in pushing creativity as part of war, military design builds on and justifies transgressive political practices with the risk of becoming a vital aspect of future governing.

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