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  • 1.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Eze, Nonyelum Lina
    (ESP).
    Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on business-to-business relationships in digital ecosystems: an African perspective2023In: Information Technology and People, ISSN 0959-3845, E-ISSN 1758-5813, Vol. 36, no 8, p. 69-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    In the African context, the threat of the disruption of traditional business value-creation processes, currently facilitated by the growing information technology (IT) ecosystem, came with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Thus, this paper aims to investigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on interfirm relationships within the context of the digital ecosystem in Africa.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This study employs an explanatory–exploratory qualitative approach from an interpretivist stance to investigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on interfirm relationships. The authors conducted seven in-depth interviews with top management executives in a Nigerian technology company, together with the company's archival data that provided the pre, during and post pandemic (2018–2021) business-to-business (B2B) relationship structures, to determine how these relationships have been affected.

    Findings

    The results suggest that the pandemic had a minimal effect on partnership relationships in the B2B ecosystems of the case company but affected only non-partnership relationships.

    Research limitations/implications

    The authors' qualitative study is interpretive and the sample size is limited. Hence, there is a need for caution in generalizing the findings. The framework can be further validated across a wider population.

    Practical implications

    Partnerships can help organizations weather business crises. Consequently, organizations should maintain a healthy number of partnership relations to deal with periods in which challenges emerge in the business landscape. In other words, with tight contracts and a strategic focus on goals and objectives, partnership relations can help organizations weather business crises.

    Originality/value

    This study builds upon the burgeoning body of literature on digital ecosystems within the African context, which is a relevant contextual contribution.

  • 2.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    CHARACTERIZING THE DEFENCE INDUSTRY FOR RISK MANAGEMENT: A SYSTEMS APPROACH2023In: NOFOMA 2023 – Logistics During Global Crises, Helsinki, 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Identifying total defense logistics concepts: a comparative study of the Swedish pandemic response2023In: Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, ISSN 2042-6747, E-ISSN 2042-6755Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Identifying total defense logistics concepts: a comparative study of the Swedish pandemic response2023In: Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, ISSN 2042-6747, E-ISSN 2042-6755Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The total defence (TD) concept constitutes a joint endeavour between the military forces and civil defence structures within a TD state. Logistics is essential for such joint collaboration to work; however, the mismatch between military and civil defence logistics structures poses challenges for such joint collaboration. The purpose of this paper is to identify logistics concept areas within the TD framework that allow formilitary and civil defence collaborations from a logistics operations perspective.

    Design/methodology/approach – Pattern-matching analysis is used to compare patterns found in the investigated case with those prescribed from the literature and predicted to occur. The study seeks to identify logistics concepts within TD from the literature and from the events describing the Swedish response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Pattern matching thus allows for the reconciliation of logistics concepts from the literature to descriptions of how the response was handled, albeit under a TD framework.

    Findings – Findings show quite distinct foci between the theoretical and observational realms in terms of logistics applications. While the theoretical realm identifies four main logistics concepts, the observational realm identifies five logistics conceptual themes. This goes on to show anincongruence between the military and civil parts of the TD.

    Research limitations/implications – This study provides basis for further research into the applications and management of logistics activity within TD and emergency response.

    Originality/value – Logistics applications within TD have not, until now, received much attention in the literature. Given this knowledge gap, this study is of original value.

  • 5.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Skoglund, Per
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Logistics growth in the armed forces: Development of a theoretical framework and research propositions2022In: The 34th ANNUAL NOFOMA CONFERENCE, June 8 – 10, 2022 - Reykjavík, Iceland: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS / [ed] Gunnar Stefánsson; Júlíus I. Guðmundsson, NOFOMA , 2022, p. 22-22Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Skoglund, Per
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Logistics growth in the armed forces: development of a theoretical framework and research propositions2023In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the current instability within the European security landscape, militaries are seeking new ways to grow and counter emergent threats. However, there is a rarity of armed forces addressing logistics growth within literature. Thus, this paper investigates growth concepts that can enable military forces develop, conduct, and grow logistics to achieve its operational objectives. The paper undertakes extant literature analysis of three relevant theories of growth as a means to review for comprehending organizational growth. The relationships between logistics and three growth theories as well as industry growth practices are analysed. Argues that the development of the concept of logistics growth in the military require support not just from established growth theories but also from long-standing industrial practice in order to fully develop the best strategic-fit growth concept for the military. Nine propositions reflecting antecedent relationships amongst theoretical variables for growth are developed. Study serves as a point of departure for further research on military growth in general and military logistics growth in particular and provides military leaders with disciplinary options for evaluating logistics growth strategies for achieving operational objectives and goals.

  • 7.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Skoglund, Per
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    TO THINE OWN SELF BE TRUE… PERSPECTIVES ON THE SIGNALING OF LOGISTICS GROWTH AS POWER IN THE ARMED FORCES2023In: NOFOMA 2023 – Logistics During Global Crises / [ed] Aalto University School of Business & Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Arve, Sten
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Air Operations Division.
    Air Power Considerations for a Small State2023In: Journal of Air Power and Space Studies, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 136-167Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 9.
    Basu-Mellish, Jack
    et al.
    LSE, (GBR).
    Navari, Cornelia
    University of Buckingham, (GBR).
    Zhang, Yongjin
    University of Bristol, (GBR).
    Banai, Hussein
    Indiana University Bloomington, (USA).
    Buranelli, Filippo Costa
    University of St Andrews, (GBR).
    Zaccato, Carolina
    University of St Andrews, (GBR).
    Taeuber, Simon F.
    University of St Andrews, (GBR).
    Friedner Parrat, Charlotta
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Maritime Operations Division.
    Bottelier, Thomas
    Sciences Po, (FRA).
    English School Special Section2023In: Millennium: Journal of International Studies, ISSN 0305-8298, E-ISSN 1477-9021, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 552-614Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a series of solicited articles requested by the editors of Vol. 51, emerging from a roundtable discussion held at the 2022 International Studies Association Convention. Each short contribution seeks to demonstrate the newest research of the English School of International Relations. These contributions tackle key questions including: the decline of liberal hegemony, the rise of China, the divide between soldaristic and pluralistic ethics, the engagement of the English School with Area Studies, theoretical approaches to grounding English School research and an investigation of the English School’s intellectual legacy.

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  • 10.
    Ben Jaffel, Hager
    et al.
    National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), (FRA).
    Larsson, Sebastian
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Conclusion: Towards New Intelligence Studies2022In: Problematising Intelligence Studies: Towards a new research agenda / [ed] Hager Ben Jaffel, Sebastian Larsson, Routledge, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Ben Jaffel, Hager
    et al.
    National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), (FRA).
    Larsson, Sebastian
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Introduction: What’s the problem with Intelligence Studies? Outlining a new research agenda on contemporary intelligence2022In: Problematising Intelligence Studies: Towards a new research agenda / [ed] Hager Ben Jaffel, Sebastian Larsson, Routledge, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Ben Jaffel, Hager
    et al.
    National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), (FRA).
    Larsson, SebastianSwedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Problematising Intelligence Studies: Towards a new research agenda2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book offers a new research agenda for intelligence studies in contemporary times.

    In contrast to Intelligence Studies (IS), whose aim has largely been to improve the performance of national security services and assist in policy making, this book takes the investigation of the new professionals and everyday practices of intelligence as the immediate point of departure. Starting from the observation that intelligence today is increasingly about counter-terrorism, crime control, surveillance, and other security-related issues, this book adopts a transdisciplinary approach for studying the shifting logics of intelligence, how it has come to involve an expanding number of empirical sites, such as the police, local community, prison and the Internet, as well as a corresponding multiplicity of new actors in these domains. Shifting the focus away from traditional spies and Anglo-American intelligence services, this book addresses the transformations of contemporary intelligence through empirically detailed and theoretically innovative analyses, making a key contribution to existing scholarship.

    This book will be of much interest to students of intelligence studies, critical security studies, foreign policy, and International Relations.

  • 13.
    Ben Jaffel, Hager
    et al.
    Department of War Studies, King’s College London, (GBR).
    Larsson, Sebastian
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Why Do We Need a New Research Agenda for the Study of Intelligence?2023In: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Berg, Elin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Queer Data: Using Gender, Sex and Sexuality Data for Action: by Kevin Guyan, London, Bloomsbury, 20222023In: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 788-790Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Berg, Elin
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Pettersson, Ulrica
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Resilience and Resistance in the Digital Age: Revisiting the Threshold Effect in Total Defence2022In: Journal on Baltic Security, ISSN 2382-9222, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 41-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For several years, the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF), M. Bydén, has acknowledged the significance of digital security threats (Bydén, 2017). Even now, he continues to stress the importance of taking such threats seriously; ‘Sweden is attacked everyday by means that harm our society today and in the more long-term. We are not in a military conflict on and about Swedish territory, but we are in a conflict about the values we want to uphold and interests we want to be handled in a democratic way’ (Dagens Nyheter, 2022).

  • 16.
    Bergström, Alfred
    et al.
    Swedish Navy, Stockholm, (SWE).
    Friedner Parrat, Charlotta
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Maritime Operations Division.
    Two perspectives on littoral warfare2022In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 433-447Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The world’s littorals is an important theater for all sorts of human interaction. So, also for naval warfare, which increasingly has led defense planners to focus on littoral capabilities rather than on Mahanian high-sea battles. We address the question of what littoral warfare means for different types of states. To that end, we develop a set of opposing ideal-types with regards to each type’s operational environment, aims, methods, and means for littoral warfare. We then use these ideal-types to analyze the naval doctrines of Sweden, the UK, and the US. This comparison generates some interesting results. For blue-water navies, littoral warfare is an additional burden and a high-risk endeavor, since the littoral, which the planning concerns is somebody else’s. For the small coastal state, correspondingly, littoral warfare is the sole purpose of its navy, and it can focus all its resources there as well as on cooperation with its air force and army, which are necessarily nearby. For blue-water navies, the objective of littoral warfare is to defeat the enemy, whereas for the small coastal state, it is deterrence.

  • 17.
    Bjarnesen, Mariam
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Hybrid security governance in Liberia in the aftermath of UN intervention2023In: Conflict, Security and Development, ISSN 1467-8802, E-ISSN 1478-1174, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What can we expect in terms of security governance in targeted states as international peacebuilding interventions and security sector reform ends? Can we assume that years of reform and capacity building will result in formal security institutions whose function alone can explain stability or instability, sustainable peace or relapses into violence, or even war? In 2018, the United Nations ended its peacekeeping mission in Liberia. Celebrated as a success and role model for future undertakings, scrutinising the UN narrative may appear as a natural starting point for analysing Liberia’s relative stability. Yet, in the Liberian case, formal performance reviews will never be sufficient. This paper, with a conceptual point of departure in theories of hybrid security governance, recognises the continued entangled nature of formal and informal security provision in Liberia. It argues that post-intervention narratives of success should not keep us from assessing security beyond formal state capacity. Instead, holistic approaches are key to understand security governance as non-state security providers are, for better or worse, likely to remain relevant despite years of reform and capacity building.

  • 18.
    Bogren, Ola
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Krigsvetenskap 2022: Årsbok inom ramen för militära programutbildningen2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    "Att lära sig saker handlar om att plötsligt förstå något man alltid förstått, men på ett nytt sätt"

    Jag väljer att börja denna inledning med ett citat från Doris May Lessing. Det är nämligen om just detta det handlar, det vill säga att förstå vår nutid ur flera perspektiv. Lessing var en autodidaktiker som sedermera tillskrevs nobelpris i litteratur. Hennes samtid gav den lärdom som påverkade såväl hennes liv, kunnande som skicklighet. På motsvarande sätt utgör allt skrivande vid Försvarshögskolan en mening. En mening som vänder och vrider på olika sammanhang. Vår samtid, med dess olika fenomen, blir därför belysta ur flera perspektiv. Denna årsbok sammanställer uppsatser för att ge dig som läsare en uppfattning om vad det skrivs om vid skolan.

    En stor del av alla uppsatser som skrivs möter aldrig någon egentlig publik, uta när snarare något som ”bara” ska göras under sin utbildning. Texterna möter en mycket begränsad publik, främst inom Försvarshögskolan, där texter presenteras av författaren och det ges en opponering av andra. Vid dessa tillfällen finns ävenen öppen inbjudan till kollektivet, det vill säga att det står var och en fritt att delta och ta del av såväl diskussioner, som att själv läsa och ta sig an presenterade texter. Dessa texter med alla tankar och idéer som skrivs behöver möta en större publik. Det finns ett värde för professionen att det kan ske. Med professionen i centrum, så kan vi tillsammans genomföra en vetenskaplig professionsutbildning vid Försvarshögskolan som möter morgondagens krav. Vår förhoppning är att denna årsbokska bli en årligt återkommande publikation. Denna första upplaga av årsboken har långt ifrån alla uppsatser medtagna. Det har funnits vissa initiala juridiska dilemman, som nu är åtgärdade och förhoppningen är att kommande upplagor blir mer omfattande till antalet uppsatser. Att skriva texter som andra kan ta del av har en betydelse och påverkan. Att skriva i sanden innebär att klokheten och det man vill förmedla försvinner med nästa vattenvåg.

    Syftet med årsboken är att skapa uppmärksamhet för det som främst studerande producerat vid skolan. Det finns all anledning att ägna viss tid åt denna vishet som texterna uttrycker. En anledning är att texterna utgör och speglar vilka tankar och funderingar som finns hos våra kollegor. En annan anledning är att texterna faktiskt uttrycker vad våra kollegor anser vara viktiga sakområden och just därför harde valt att skriva om, och argumentera för, dessa områden. I ett vidare perspektiv har officersprofessionen, likt andra professioner, behovet av att hantera dagens verksamhet parallellt med morgondagens utveckling. Officersprofessionen särskiljer sig dock därför att det ytterst handlar om mandat för, och genomförande av, storskaligt våld. Sammanhanget för individen relaterat professionen är därför vital. Individens kognitiva utveckling, det vill säga lärande, i en utveckligmässig mening, tar sig uttryck i sitt sätt att tänka utifrån hur individen tar in och förstår sin omgivning. Av denna anledning vill vi med årsboken sprida tankar inom professionen för att bidra till debatt och utveckling.

    Årsboken har en målsättning att vi ska kunna minnas och se till vilka områden som varit aktuella för just detta år. Av denna anledning finns en metaanalys med i boken som tar sitt avstamp såväl utifrån uppsats rubriker, som av författarnas valda nyckelord. Nu är det är inte bara uppsatser som skrivs vid Försvarshögskolan. Det skrivs även exempelvis tentamensarbeten inom enskilda kurser. Avsikten är att ettantal (urval) av dessa texter ska finnas medtagna i sin helhet. I denna version, 2022, finns några texter från kurser som gavs förra året.

    Strukturen i boken är att uppsatser är medtagna till rubrik, författare, textens sammanfattning samt slutligen en sökväg som leder till uppsatsen i sin helhet på DiVA. DiVA står för det Digitala vetenskapliga arkivet och utgör en gemensam söktjänst för forskningspublikationer och studentuppsatser producerade vid cirka 50 stycken lärosäten och forskningsinstitutioner. Tanken är att man ska få en översikt i årsboken av uppsatser för att sedan kunna välja ut och läsa en eller flera texter i sin helhet. Varför inte välja ut någon uppsats som ligger din verksamhet nära, bjud in författaren till din avdelning, och genomför en gemensam diskussion i samband med en samling ni ändå har. Kompetensutveckling innebär i slutändan att lära sig själv och andra, att faktiskt ta ansvar för professionens livslånga lärande.

    Årsboken kommer primärt att vara en digital publikation, men kommer även i mindre upplaga finnas i en pappersutgåva. Den digitala versionen ger direkt tillgångtill länkar och sökvägar. Årsboken kommer att finnas tillgänglig i båda versionerna vid Anna-Lindh biblioteket.

    Slutligen vill jag tacka mina medarbetare Kristin Ljungkvist, Knut-Olav Drivenes och Ola Larsson som med sitt engagemang, driv och kunskap gjort denna årsbok möjlig. Med förhoppning om en givande läsning.

    Ola Bogren Redaktör

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  • 19.
    Brosché, Johan
    et al.
    Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University; Department of Economic History and International Relations, Stockholm University (SWE).
    Nilsson, Desirée
    Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University (SWE).
    Sundberg, Ralph
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Conceptualizing Civil War Complexity2023In: Security Studies, ISSN 0963-6412, E-ISSN 1556-1852, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 137-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Civil wars that appear to observers to be the most complex—even using a colloquial understanding of the concept—are also those that seem to register the most intense fighting, the most prolonged spells of war, and the most resistance to durable conflict resolution. But what does it really mean for a civil war to be complex? We currently lack a concept of “civil war complexity” that can help us better understand the most important variations in civil wars across time and space. To address this gap we develop a conceptualization of “civil war complexity” consisting of three dimensions—“actor complexity,” “behavior complexity,” and “issue complexity”—and demonstrate how they manifest empirically. We also highlight this conceptualization’s utility—and the danger of overlooking it—through the case of Darfur. This conceptualization paves the way for a new research agenda that explores how civil wars differ in terms of their complexity, the causes and consequences of civil war complexity, and how to refine conflict resolution techniques and strategies.

  • 20.
    Cako, Stefan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History.
    Brantberg, John
    From Home Guard to Space Force: The Crucial Need for Auftragstaktik at Higher Command2022In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 131-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Begreppet uppdragstaktik omtalas ständigt med lovord efter de preussiska och tyska framgångarna tidigare i historien för att sedan bli etablerade i doktrinpublikationer. Denna artikel undersöker implementeringen av uppdragstaktiken i Sverige och USA med betoning på högre officersnivån utifrån olika försvarsgrenar. Resultaten visar hur avsaknaden av en djupare kulturell applikation är den gemensamma röda tråden. Något som betonas ytterligare via två amerikanska fallstudier, trots flera tidsåldrar emellan tyder båda på hur dysfunktionell kultur omöjliggör uppkomsten av uppdragstaktik. Artikeln avslutas med ett perspektiv från hemvärnet och slutligen den amerikanska rymdstyrkans förutsättningar för uppdragstaktik i en värld som alltmer präglas av teknikutveckling och gråzonsproblematik.

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  • 21.
    Chattopadhyay, Subhayan
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, (SWE).
    Ingesson, Tony
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Lund University, Lund, (SWE).
    Rinaldi, Alberto
    Faculty of Law, Lund University, Lund, (SWE).
    Larsson, Oscar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law, Political Science Division.
    Widén, Jerker
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Maritime Operations Division.
    Almqvist, Jessica
    Faculty of Law, Lund University, Lund, (SWE).
    Gisselsson, David
    Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, (SWE).
    Weaponized genomics: potential threats to international and human security2023In: Nature reviews genetics, ISSN 1471-0056, E-ISSN 1471-0064Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Genetic technologies are revolutionizing human health. In parallel, geopolitical instability has prompted renewed discussions on the risks of DNA technology being weaponized in international conflict. With today’s changing security environment, we argue that risk assessments must be broadened from genetically targeted weapons to a series of new domains.

  • 22.
    Christiansson, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Defence and Security: Festschrift in Honour of Tomas Ries2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Christiansson, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Försvar i takt med tiden: De svenska och finländska Natomedlemskapen och den nya nordflanken2023In: Om kriget kommer: Hot, beredskap och försvar / [ed] Anders Frankson, Stockholm: Lind & Co , 2023, p. 26-44Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Christiansson, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Gästredaktörens förord2023In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 125, no 3, p. 511-517Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 25.
    Christiansson, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    La Svezia nella Nato cambia l'ecuazione Baltica2022In: Limes – Rivista Italiana de Geopolitica, ISSN 1124-9048, no 5, p. 101-104Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Christiansson, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Natos forskning2023Report (Other academic)
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  • 27.
    Christiansson, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Tema: kriget i Ukraina: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift Vol. 125 No. 3 (2023)2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Coetzee, Wayne Stephen
    et al.
    Wayne Stephen Coetzee, University West, (SWE).
    Larsson, Sebastian
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Bermdtsson, Joakim
    School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Branding ‘progressive’ security: The case of Sweden2023In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary research on so-called Nordic branding has provided crucial insights into the social power of states and how various actors use and circulate ‘progressive’ nation brand tropes for political and commercial goals. Hitherto, the literature on Nordic branding has focused on a wide range of substantive issues, among other things, human rights, gender equality, social welfare and foreign aid, but considerably less attention has been paid to the topic of security. The present article adds to a small but established literature on how the security sphere is increasingly entangled with nation branding. In the Nordic region, we argue, the latter is particularly evident in the case of Sweden – one of the world’s largest per-capita arms exporters in the post-Cold War era but also a country known and often revered for its peaceful and progressive image. Focusing on the case of Sweden, the article contributes to knowledge of how defence industry-related actors (both public and private) draw on and frame nation branding tropes to sell and legitimise their products and services to both insiders (domestic constituents) and outsiders (the global security market).

  • 29.
    Confortini, Catia C.
    et al.
    Wellesley College, (USA).
    Wibben, Annick T.R.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History.
    Peace2022In: Gender Matters in Global Politics: A Feminist Introduction to International Relations / [ed] Laura J. Shepherd, Caitlin Hamilton, London: Routledge, 2022, 3, p. 314-326Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we problematise the common association of women and peace by engaging instead with the varied feminist scholarship on peace. We anchor this discussion in Shampa Biswas’ postcolonial feminist account of nuclear power to highlight how feminist peace scholars and activists shift our attention from the potential future uses of nuclear weapons to the harm they cause right now. From production, to testing, to deployment, nuclear weapons (along with nuclear power for so-called peaceful purposes) often negatively affect communities already marginalised in the global political and economic order. This discussion of everyday nuclear politics allows us to highlight the feminist concept of a continuum of violence that spans peace- and wartime, drawing attention also to how the personal is political – and international. We expand on this through a discussion of feminist anti-nuclear activism and its practices of care. Alternative feminist futures, where security and peace are envisioned as processes to sustain and nurture life, depend not on the pursuit of power in hierarchical social orders, but instead on practices and ethics of mutual care and relationality.

  • 30.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Military Geographies of Urban Space and War2023In: Oxford Bibliographies in Geography / [ed] Barney Warf, Oxford University Press, 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Minecraft as a technology of postwar urban ordering: The situated-portable epistemic nexus of urban peacebuilding in Pristina2023In: Territory, Politics, Governance, ISSN 2162-2671Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I argue that a ‘situated-portable epistemic nexus’ characterizes postwar urban peacebuilding. The concept captures how knowledge in urban peacebuilding is produced by/productive of discursive and material conditions that are both, and simultaneously, situated in a particular urban environment and transnationally emergent and circulating. I illustrate this argument in an analysis of an urban peacebuilding project in postwar Pristina, Kosovo, that relied on the computer game Minecraft as the main technology. Despite a heterogeneous group of actors involved, and a primacy devoted to local perspectives, the at-once-situated and globally portable discourses, technologies and artefacts of the Pristina project conditioned the production of a relatively narrow urban knowledge and space that formed around a purely visual conception of the urban – overall limiting what the situated urban was and could become.

  • 32.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Producing the military urban(s): Interoperability, space-making, and epistemic distinctions between military services in urban operations2022In: Political Geography, ISSN 0962-6298, E-ISSN 1873-5096, Vol. 97, article id 102649Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban wars represent one – perhaps the – phenomenon in which war and cities take particular form in and through each other. With the epistemics of this reciprocal relationship being less studied, this article brings together the discourses on urban war and military interoperability respectively. Both discourses emphasise the question of knowledge. A shared geographic knowledge held by the service branches involved in a joint operation is considered key for interoperability to arise. In the urban wars discourse, the need and difficulty of ‘knowing’ the urban are stressed. However, we know less about whether military services involved in a joint urban operation produce distinct geographic knowledges and, if so, with what effects. With inspiration from critical scholarship on military geographies and from works on the history and geography of knowledge, this article develops a conceptual framework to target the mutually constitutive relationship between military epistemics and urban space in urban war. In it, I make a twofold argument, illustrated with the help of empirical examples from two Israeli joint urban military operations. First, the type of geographic knowledge that military ground and air forces produce as they seek to ‘make known’ particular urban spaces differs due to the services' distinct situatedness and relative distance to the urban environment. The produced types of military geographic knowledge, moreover, do not imply different perspectives on the urban as a pre-existing entity as much as they bring – in distinct fashions – the urban into being.

  • 33.
    Danielsson, Anna
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Ljungkvist, Kristin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    A choking(?) engine of war: Human agency in military targeting reconsidered2022In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 83-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the question of human agency in military targeting. Targeting is one of the key drivers of war. When studied by academic disciplines, much interest has been devoted to the ethics and effects of military targeting. Less debated, but focused here, is the question of the conditions of human agency within military targeting. In the literature that does exist on this topic, there is a questioning of the traditional conception of human agency but at the same time a lack of closer conceptualisation of different kinds of articulations of human agency in the targeting process. In this article, we propose a recentring of human agency in critical scholarship on military targeting. With inspiration from Theodore Schatzki's work on ‘practice’, by analytically approaching targeting as a practice, and through various examples from Operation Iraqi Freedom, the article develops and illustrates a framework for the conceptualisation of human agencies in targeting. This framework distinguishes articulations of agency based on whether they furthered the (temporary) ordering of the targeting practice or challenged its internal organising elements. The study of military targeting is significant not least since the phenomenon is one of the key ‘engines’ and drivers of war's constant becoming.

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  • 34. Druelle, Laurie
    et al.
    Siniciato Terra Garbino, Henrique
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Mellado Åhlin, Eric
    Mine Action and the Reintegration of Former Combatants: Expanding the Debate2022In: Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction, ISSN 2469-7575, E-ISSN 2469-7605, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 24-29, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decades, humanitarian mine action (HMA) and disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) processes have increasingly been recognized as essential to paving the way for sustainable development thanks to their contributions towards human security, livelihood, and access to services. The integration between the two processes, however, has not yet been fully addressed in the literature or practice. This paper seeks to identify areas where DDR and HMA intersect and, supported by anecdotal evidence, suggest a conceptual framework for future research and implementation. Most importantly, we hope to widen the debate on the potentially synergic relationship between HMA and DDR, flag possible fallacies or oversimplifications, and challenge solely “top-down” approaches.

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  • 35.
    Duursma, Allard
    et al.
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Bara, Corinne
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Wilén, Nina
    University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium;Egmont Royal Institute for International Relations, Brussels, (BEL).
    Hellmüller, Sara
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Karlsrud, John
    Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, (NOR).
    Oksamytna, Kseniya
    City, University of London, London, (GBR).
    Bruker, Janek
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Campbell, Susanna
    American University, Washington, D.C., (USA).
    Cusimano, Salvator
    United Nations, New York City, (USA).
    Donati, Marco
    United Nations, New York City, (USA).
    Dorussen, Han
    University of Essex, Colchester, (GBR).
    Druet, Dirk
    McGill University, Montreal, (CAN).
    Geier, Valentin
    McGill University, Montreal, (CAN).
    Epiney, Marine
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Geier, Valentin
    Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals, Barcelona, Spain;University of Konstanz, Konstanz, (DEU).
    Gelot, Linnéa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law.
    Hiensch, Annick
    United Nations, New York City, (USA).
    Hultman, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, (SWE).
    Hunt, Charles T.
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia;United Nations University Centre for Policy Research, Tokyo, (JPN).
    Krishnan, Rajkumar Cheney
    United Nations, New York City, (USA).
    Labuda, Patryk I.
    University of Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Langenbach, Sascha
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Norberg, Annika Hilding
    Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Geneva, (CHE).
    Novosseloff, Alexandra
    Université Paris-Panthéon-Assas (Paris 2), Paris, (FRA).
    Oriesek, Daniel
    Swiss Armed Forces, (CHE).
    Rhoads, Emily Paddon
    Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, (USA).
    Re, Francesco
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Russo, Jenna
    International Peace Institute, New York City, (USA).
    Sauter, Melanie
    University of Oslo, Oslo, (NOR).
    Smidt, Hannah
    University of St. Gallen, St. Gallen, (CHE).
    Staeger, Ueli
    University of Geneva, Geneva, (CHE).
    Wenger, Andreas
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    UN Peacekeeping at 75: Achievements, Challenges, and Prospects2023In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 415-476Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This year marks the 75th anniversary of what the UN itself understands to be its first peacekeeping operation. It is therefore an appropriate time to reflect on the track record of UN peacekeeping in its efforts to try to maintain and realize peace and security. Moreover, this milestone invites us to ponder what lies ahead in the realm of peacekeeping. For this reason, this forum article brings together both academics and UN officials to assess the achievements and challenges of UN peacekeeping over the past 75 years. Through a dialogue among peacekeeping scholars and practitioners, we hope to identify current trends and developments in UN peacekeeping, as well as explore priorities for the future to improve the effectiveness of peacekeeping operations in terms of achieving their mandate objectives, such as maintaining peace, protecting civilians, promoting human rights, and facilitating reconciliation. This forum article is structured into six thematic sections, each shedding light on various aspects of UN peacekeeping: (1) foundational principles of UN peacekeeping - namely, consent, impartiality, and the (non-)use of force; (2) protection of civilians; (3) the primacy of politics; (4) early warning; (5) cooperation with regional organizations; and (6) the changing geopolitical landscape in which UN peacekeeping operates.

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  • 36.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law, Political Science Division.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Comparative Strategy – A New Framework for Analysis2023In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, E-ISSN 1521-0448, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 80-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars of Strategic Studies have seldom problematized the concept of military strategy beyond identifying the three elements constituting the phenomenon, that is ends, means and ways. Moreover, we see a need for contextualizing the presumably universal conceptualization of military strategy. This article contributes to previous research by operationalize each of the three elements one-step further, thereby introducing an analytical framework for systematic comparisons of states’ different priorities regarding military strategy. Additionally, in order to explain these different priorities, the proposed analytical framework introduces tools related to both relative power and position in the international system, and to regional systems and unit-level characteristics. The usefulness of the analytical framework is illustrated by a summary of some of our findings from a research project on comparative strategy including more than 30 states.

  • 37.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law, Political Science Division.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Enighetens gränser: Konsensus eller konfrontation vid utformningen av den svenska försvarspolitiken?2023In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 125, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law, Political Science Division.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Military Strategies of the New European Allies: A Comparative Study2022Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book analyses how and to what extent ex-communist states have adjusted their defence strategies since joining the EU and NATO, and how differences and similarities between their strategies can be explained.

    Between 1999 and 2013, four phases of enlargement took place when the European Union (EU) and NATO allowed 11 new former communist states to enter both organisations. These states share some common attributes and experiences related to strategic culture and common experiences during the Cold War era that can potentially explain similarities in behaviour and preferences among them. However, the strategic adjustments among these states are far from uniform. In an effort to explain these differences, the book introduces three intervening variables: (1) differences in relative power and position in the international system, (2) national geographical characteristics; and (3) historical experiences related to formative periods of state-building processes as well as wars and armed conflicts. Empirically, the book strives to present and analyse the defence strategies of each of the new allies by conducting a structured focused comparison of official strategic documents from the twenty-first century for each of the 11 cases. Theoretically and methodologically, it introduces an analytical framework enabling us to explain both similarities and differences in the formulation of the strategies of the 11 states, and to shed light on their external and internal efforts to promote their strategic interest by operationalising the dependent variable - defence strategy. The analytical framework combines elements of structural realism with classical realism, and constructivist research on unit-level characteristics related to relative power and perceptions of strategic exposure.

    This book will be of much interest to students of strategic studies, European Union policy, NATO and International Relations in general.

  • 39.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law.
    westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History.
    READY OR NOT? Explaining military strategic diversity among NATOs new European allies2023In: Journal of Slavic Military StudiesArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Eidenfalk, Joakim
    et al.
    University of Wollongong, (AUS).
    Doeser, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Integrating Strategic Culture and the Operational Code in Foreign Policy Analysis2023In: Foreign Policy Analysis, ISSN 1743-8586, E-ISSN 1743-8594, Vol. 19, no 1, article id orac032Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to theoretical integration in foreign policy analysis, by integrating two explanatory concepts that have mainly been used separately, namely the strategic culture of elites and the operational code of individual decision-makers. The explanatory power of using both concepts is illustrated in a case study of Australian foreign policy regarding the multinational coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. The main argument is that strategic culture can provide a reasonable explanation for Australia's overall military engagement in the coalition. However, to explain Australia's approach to the coalition, strategic culture must be complemented with the operational code. The article suggests that the character of strategic culture can influence the opportunities for decision-makers to have an individual impact on foreign policy.

  • 41.
    Ekman, Lisa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Military Duty during Mission Deployment: Exploring Local Relations and Dynamics of Cohesion—The Case of Swedish Troops2023In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores contemporary understandings of military duty and dynamics of cohesion during deployment with a focus on host–citizen relations. Duty is treated as a perception-based dynamic construct shaped, in part, by operational experiences. Traditionally, Western military duty is defined by conventional obligations of loyalty to the military unit and mission in the context of combat operations, in these ways linked to military cohesion. However, in response to increasingly “population-oriented” military operations, I argue the need to broaden the study of military duty and cohesion beyond interpersonal bonds of the military organization to include the role of host–citizen relations. In-depth interviews with Swedish service members reaffirm the centrality of conventional duty to the mission and military unit, yet also indicate varying levels and forms of obligations to local actors. Overall, understandings of duty matter to cohesion both as a unifying force and source of tension within the mission.

  • 42.
    Ekman, Lisa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History.
    Partnering to Protect? Strategic Mission Leadership and Civil-military Relations in Integrated UN Peace Operations: A Literature Review2023Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Civil-military relations are of outmost importance to mission coherence and effectiveness of contemporary multidimensional ‘integrated’ UN peace operations. In this literature review, we explore the matter of civil-military relations during missions with a focus on leadership strategies, practices and challenges of civilian protection. By strategic mission leadership we mean senior civilian and military leaders ‘in the field’ who are responsible, in different ways, for mission implementation. The review confers key theoretical and empirical insights on how and why senior civilian and military mission leaders (fail to) interact and coordinate to protect civilians in a coherent way ‘in the field’, thereby outlining how matters of leadership, civil-military relations and civilian protection are interconnected in contemporary UN peace operations. In doing so, a review of the current state of research helps to inform policymakers and practitioners on how to improve selection and preparation of strategic mission leaders in future integrated UN missions.

  • 43.
    Ekman, Lisa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Partnering to protect? UN mission leadership and civil-military relations: Research findings and policy implications2023Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Ekström, Thomas
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Department of Defence Economy, Defence Logistics Division, (SWE).
    Hellberg, Roland
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.
    Logistics value co-creation in defence supply chains: A Swedish perspective2022In: The 34th ANNUAL NOFOMA CONFERENCE, June 8 – 10, 2022 - Reykjavík, Iceland: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS / [ed] Gunnar Stefánsson; Júlíus I. Guðmundsson, NOFOMA , 2022, p. 83-83Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Eliasson, Per
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Åselius, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Krigsplanläggning och ledning: Generalstaben och idén om en högsta ledning i den svenska försvarsmakten 1873-20232023Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Generalstaben inrättades 1873 och utgjordes av en elit av särskilt utbildade officerare som skulle leda arméns utveckling av krigsplanläggning, mobiliseringsplaner och större övningar. Dessa officerare har fortsatt att prägla stabernas arbete under 150 år, fram till dagens Högkvarter, och i denna bok lyfts deras roll i försvaret fram, liksom stabens internationella och svenska historia.

  • 46.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Baltiska ententen, minoriteter och säkerhetspolitik: Svenska attachéers bedömningar av Estland, Lettland och Litauen 1927–19392022In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Åselius, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Från Savolaxbrigaden till Särskilda skyddsgruppen: Svenska specialoperationer och specialförband från medeltid till 19952022Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Få militära verksamheter omges av en så tät mytbildning som specialförbanden. I den här boken får vi dock en grundlig inblick i verklighetens svenska specialoperationer och specialförbandens aktiviteter alltifrån medeltiden till 1990-talet. Boken är den första historiska analysen av fenomenet specialoperationer och okonventionella militära aktiviteter i Sverige.

    Bland föregångarna till dagens specialförband hittar vi bland annat 1700-talets jägare, svenska kosacker, underrättelseagenter och kalla krigets olika jägarförband. Historien om dessa kan göras lång, men tyngdpunkten i denna volym ligger på tiden för det andra världskriget och kalla kriget.

    Författarna berättar om kända och okända aktörer som finska officerare i den gemensamma krigsmakten före 1809, eller militärreformatorn Hugo Raab och andra frivilliga i Danmark 1864. Viktiga roller hade även de anonyma underrättelseoperatörerna under första världskriget och kalla kriget, men även i vidare kretsar välkända personer som språkvetaren Gunnar Jarring samt överbefälhavare som Helge Jung och Bengt Gustafsson.

  • 48.
    Fedorchak, Viktoriya
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Air Operations Division.
    The Mass Approach in the Air War Over Ukraine: Towards identifying a critical mass2023In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 1, p. 110-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of mass has been well-known in the history of warfare since early times. Numbers of belligerents and weapons have often been decisive in achieving a victory or a desired outcome. The technological development of weapons has shifted the discussion of this principle of war towards force multiplication using cutting-edge technologies versus the simple numeric superiority of one’s adversary or enemy. Each domain of warfare and consequent military capability is affected by this dichotomy of mass approach to structuring one’s armed forces and the procurement of distinctive weapons. However, this principle and the shift towards cutting-edge technologies as force multiplication and effects accumulation had an even greater prominence in the case of air power and air warfare thanks to the inherent attributes of air power (i.e., speed, reach, flexibility and versatility). This article discusses the principle of mass and cutting edge technology in the air war over Ukraine. Accordingly, the article examines what deficiencies in mass and numerical superiority were evident in the air war and why. Furthermore, this article discusses how the Ukrainian Armed Forces (UAF) undermined Russian numeric superiority in the air and it will describe which preliminary points can be singled out for further discussion of mass and cutting-edge technologies for modern and future air warfare.

  • 49.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    A Fertile Soil for AI?: Defense AI in Sweden2023Report (Refereed)
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  • 50.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    The Collapse of Yugoslavia 1991-19992022 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1991, an ethnically diverse and peaceful region of Europe descended into violence, lawlessness, bitter hatred and chaos, almost overnight to the bewilderment of international observers. Communities fractured along lines of ethnic and religious affiliation, and the ensuing fighting was deeply personal, resulting in horrific brutality, rape, torture and genocide, causing the deaths of thousands of people. Drawing on the latest research for this new edition, Alastair Finlan examines the internal upheavals of the former Yugoslavia and their international implications, including the failure of the Vance-Owen plan; the first use of NATO in a combat role and in peace enforcement; and the war in Kosovo, unsanctioned by the UN but prosecuted by NATO forces to prevent the ethnic cleansing of the region.

    Updated and revised, with specially commissioned colour maps and all new images throughout, this is a concise overview of the tragic conflict in former Yugoslavia and its significant consequences.

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