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  • 1.
    Börjesson, Marcus
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad. Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Dept. of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden; Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Olso, Norway.
    Davis, Paul
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Flotation REST as a Stress Reduction Method: The Effects on Anxiety, Muscle Tension, and Performance2018In: Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, ISSN 1932-9261, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 333-346Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of flotation REST upon skilled and less skilled golfers’ anxiety in terms of physiological indicators of stress, self-rated anxiety scores, muscle tension, and the effect on golf putting. Prior to performing the putting task participants underwent a treatment of flotation REST or a period of resting in an armchair. Participants completed both treatments in a randomized order with a two-week interval. The results showed that both flotation REST and the armchair treatment reduced systolic blood pressure and heart rate, with no differences between treatments or athlete skill levels. No significant differences between treatments were revealed regarding self-ratings, level of muscle tension or putting precision. The results indicate that flotation REST may be useful for reducing negative symptoms related to stress and anxiety in general; however, no support for direct positive effects on golf performance were found.

  • 2.
    Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Sjøforsvarsstaben/Sjøkrigsskolen, Norge.
    Monsen, Rolf Eivind
    Sjøkrigsskolen, Norge.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Å ta liv i kamp: En operativ, moralsk og psykologisk utfordring2018In: Necesse, ISSN 2464-353X, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 10-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [no]

    I denne studien kartlegger vi hvordan det oppleves å ta liv i kamp. I forlengelse av det drøfter vi hva som skal til for å bli i stand til å drepe i skarpe operasjoner. Studien viser at soldater ikke opplever moralsk stress når de tar liv i situasjoner der de selv er truet. Våre funn peker i retning av at det er naturlig for mennesker å ta liv når situasjonen tilsier at det er helt nødvendig for å overleve samtidig som den sosiale rammen anerkjenner handlingen. Trening som vektlegger at soldater utsettes for sterkt gruppepress og rollemodeller med sterk autoritet, er ikke nødvendig for å sette soldater i stand til å drepe. Våre funn viser at soldater som har tatt liv i situasjoner der de har vært i livsfare, ofte opplever mestring og personlig vekst (PTG) etter hendelsen. I studien referer vi til et kvalitativt forskningsprosjekt der vi har intervjuet 28 soldater.1 Vi referer også til et kvantitativt materiale der 82 soldater deltok. I denne studien drøfter vi våre funn i relasjon til ulike teoretiske modeller som forsøker å svare på vår problemstilling.

    1Resultater fra denne undersøkelsen vil bli presentert i sin fulle bredde i bokform i 2018.

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