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  • 1.
    Bynander, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Center of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science.
    Only trees burning? The Mid-Sweden Forest Fire of 20142019In: Societal Security and Crisis Management: Governance Capacity and Legitimacy / [ed] Per Lægreid and Lise H. Rykkja, Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 115-132Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Eriksson, Mats
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Örebro; Mittuniversitetet, Sundsvall.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Mittuniversitetet, Sundsvall.
    Facebook and Twitter in Crisis Communication: A Comparative Study of Crisis Communication Professionals and Citizens2016In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 198-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This mixed-methods study presents a comparative analysis of the use and perceived usefulness of Facebook and Twitter, among Swedish citizens and crisis communication professionals, as crisis communication tools and information sources. The use and perceived usefulness of Facebook and Twitter are not congruent and consistent between the two different groups, according to the overall study. Communication professionals, for example, report higher levels of perceived usefulness regarding Facebook’s potential as a crisis communication tool than do the citizens. Taken together, the results show that researchers (within social media and crisis communication) and crisis managers both need to deal with the fact that social media is not a homogenous phenomenon with a single coherent role in crisis management and communication research and practice.

  • 3.
    Hansén, Dan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Ranstorp, MagnusSwedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Cooperating Against Terrorism: EU-US Relations Post September 112007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Konow Lund, Maria
    et al.
    Høgskolen i Oslo og Akershus, Norge.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    When Routines are Not Enough: Journalists' crisis management during the 22/7 domestic terror attack in Norway2016In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 358-372Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in crisis management among journalism scholars grew in the wake of the terror attacks of September 11, 2001. Yet, few studies explore journalists and their organizations from a newsroom and organizational crisis management perspective. In this study, we study journalists’ ability to conduct news work when faced with a frame-breaking news event—in this case, the July 22, 2011 attacks in Norway. Dividing the journalistic response to these events into three stages, each with its own particular challenges, we have been able to unpack how these Norwegian journalists were capable of reporting on the events despite the chaos and uncertainty that followed in their wake, including the fact that the newsroom itself suffered severe damage from the bomb blast. This study shows that coping mechanisms in times of organizational stress will range from the expected (routine, habit) to the unexpected (improvisation, bricolage). The individual must pick up where the organization leaves off, relying upon experience and professionalism as well as face-to-face interaction and the assistance of whatever technology survive

  • 5.
    Koraeus, Mats
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Bynander, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Center of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science.
    Suburban Eruption: The Management of Social Unrest in the Suburbs of Stockholm in 20112019In: Societal Security and Crisis Management: Governance Capacity and Legitimacy / [ed] Per Lægreid and Lise H. Rykkja, Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan , 2019, p. 169-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Verbeek, Bertjan
    Department of Political Science, Institute for Management Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    International Organisations and crisis management: Do crises enable or constrain IO agency?2018In: Journal of International Relations and Development, ISSN 1408-6980, E-ISSN 1581-1980, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 275-299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to bridge the gap between the literature on international organisations (IO) and the field of crisis management (CM) by focusing on two themes: how crisis conditions lead organisations to centralise decision-making and how this subsequently affects an international organisation’s autonomy. We do this based on two dimensions inspired by the CM literature, that is, the degree of the perceived time pressure and the precrisis legal institutional framework. The plausibility of the analytical framework is assessed on the basis of three cases: the WHO’s dealing with the SARS crisis; the European Commission’s dealing with the Mad Cow Disease crisis; and the UN’s handling of the humanitarian crisis in the Great Lakes region. The results show that the perceived time pressure affected IO autonomy in so far as higher time pressure that rendered IO autonomy stronger, whereas with regard to the institutional framework no stringent pattern could be seen. Moreover, based on our findings, we propose that IO autonomy in crisis situations also depends on the framing of an issue in terms on impartiality, on the extent to which the IO in question is subject to politicisation, as well as on the degree to which it possesses specific technical expertise.

  • 7.
    Ranstorp, Magnus
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Ahlin, Filip
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Normark, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Mellan salafism och salafistisk jihadism: Påverkan mot och utmaningar för det svenska samhället2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker påverkan från salafistiska och salafist-jihaditiska miljöer i Sverige samt relationendem emellan. Fokus läggs på framväxten av salafist-jihadistiska miljöer i Sverige samt omgärdande salafistiskaelement; vilka budskap miljöerna förmedlar, metoder för påverkan samt vilken upplevd påverkan miljöerna hari svenska lokalsamhällen.

    Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) har beställt och finansierat genomförandet av dennaforskningsrapport (alt. studierapport). Författarna är ensamma ansvariga för rapportens innehåll.

  • 8.
    Ranstorp, Magnus
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Dos Santos, Josefine
    Hot mot demokrati och värdegrund - en lägesbild från Malmö2009Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Simons, Greg
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala Univ, Uppsala Ctr Russian & Eurasian Studies, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Carnage and Connectivity: Landmarks in the Decline of Conventional Military Power2017In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 290-291Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Simons, Greg
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Projecting failure as success: Residents’ perspectives of the Christchurch earthquakes recovery2016In: Cogent Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2331-1886, article id 1126169Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In September 2010 and February 2011, the Canterbury region was rocked by a series of earthquakes. The success or otherwise, of a recovery from a crisis can be found in the perceptions of stakeholders. Many different stakeholders exist, including different levels of Government, bureaucratic institutions and state institutions, private enterprise, non-governmental organisations and the public. In this article, the public are the focus and their perception of the recovery is collected. An online survey was conducted, and it demonstrates a significant gap between the Government’s perception and the perception of residents of Christchurch. How do publics react when they feel as though they have been marginalised by the authorities charged with the crisis event recovery? The Government’s account of success is not shared by the majority of respondents, who have mobilised politically using social media platforms. There are implications for Governments and authorities that are seen to fail segments of the public in the age of social media, where crisis management and public relations meet and political mobilisation against officials and official bodies takes place.

  • 11.
    Simons, Greg
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Stability and Change in Putin's Political Image During the 2000 and 2012 Presidential Elections: Putin 1.0 and Putin 2.0?2016In: Journal of Political Marketing, ISSN 1537-7857, E-ISSN 1537-7865, Vol. 15, no 2-3, p. 149-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a lot of research done on "Western'' politicians and political systems with regard to political marketing. But what about other countries, especially those that possess a different political standard? This article seeks to address one particular Russian politician: Vladimir Putin. He rose from obscurity to become Russia's second president (after Boris Yeltsin). Two presidential elections form the focus of attention, 2000 and 2012. The aim is to discover the consistencies and breaks in the manufacturing of Putin's political image and reputation. A number of breaks and continuities were discovered in terms of how Putin is marketed. This seems to be a reflection of the changes taking places in Russia's political environment, which then needs to be taken into consideration when political marketing is conducted.

  • 12.
    Simons, Greg
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Terrorism and Communication: A Critical Introduction2016In: Media, War & Conflict, ISSN 1750-6352, E-ISSN 1750-6360, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 344-345Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Treverton, Greg
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    The Intelligence Challenges of Hybrid Threats: Focus on Cyber and Virtual Realm2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What challenges does “Hybrid Threats” pose for the world of intelligence analysis and tradecraft, and how should intelligence agencies adapt? This study is a part of CATS’ project on intelligence connected to Influence Operations, and is sponsored by the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB). It addresses the new realm of hybrid threats and challenges, and the roles for the world of intelligence analysis and tradecraft.

    In this this study, Dr Gregory Treverton – former Chairman of the US National Intelligence Council and now Senior Fellow with CATS – analyzes social media and cyber attacks as well as signals and human intelligence in relation to real world events.

    The intelligence challenge starts with recognizing the range of hybrid threats and what is new about them – targets are now societies, not armies; several tools are being used both simultaneously and strategically for maximum effect; and it explores how the cyber dimension, along with the social media (SM) and other virtual arenas offer new, inexpensive avenues of attack. This important analytical contribution begins with the tools, then turns to the challenges of hybrid threats across the elements of intelligence – collection, analysis and relations between intelligence and policy.

    Then, it turns to the special challenges for intelligence agencies – but also the special opportunities – that exist across a range of cyber and virtual domains. In particular it focuses on the implications for the intelligence organizations performing the traditional ‘INT’ functions (HUMINT and SIGINT) and for counterintelligence. It concludes with perspectives on how the special challenges of hybrid threats might conduce to a much wider change in the traditional intelligence paradigm.

  • 14.
    Treverton, Gregory
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Influence Operations and the Intelligence/Policy Challenges2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This conference report aim to assess influence operations, especially those conducted by Russia, in the context of changing relations between intelligence and policy and the emerging challenges for intelligence. Three key challenges were discussed in regard to influence operations. First, Identify – how to separate state sponsored disinformation from individual rumor mills. Second, Understand – how to understand influence operations, put it into a context for policy makers, and learn to understand the underlying factors and why it happens. Third, Counter – how to vaccinate civil servants and enhance the critical approach within media to create resilience against influence operations.

    The first part of this conference report lays out on how to identify and understand influence operations in the context of policy. The second part focus on who needs what to counter influence operations. The last part contains concluding themes.

    Dr. Gregory Treverton is the former chairman of the U.S. National Intelligence Council, as well as former Director of the RAND Corporation’s Center for Global Risk and Security. Dr. Treverton is also a Senior Fellow at the Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies (CATS) at the Swedish Defence University.

  • 15.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Approaches to "Outreach" for Intelligence2009Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies). RAND Corporation.
    New Frontiers in Intelligence: Notes from seminar in Stockholm May 27-28 20082008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies). RAND Corporation.
    Miles, Renanah
    Columbia University; RAND Corporation.
    Social Media and Intelligence2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is part of CATS’ project on intelligence for terrorismand homeland security, sponsored by the Swedish CivilContingencies Agency (MSB). It addresses the use and potentialuse of social media in intelligence – looking across the range ofpossible uses both externally and as collaborative tools within andacross agencies. The first half of the paper lays out four categoriesof intelligence interactions using social media, and then discussesthem briefly, drawing primarily on U.S. experiences. The secondpart of the paper turns more specifically to the mix of new mediaand old at play in conflicts around the world, especially in theMiddle East and Russia/Crimea/Ukraine.

    Gregory Treverton is chairman of the U.S. National IntelligenceCouncil. However, this paper was written when he was a Directorof the RAND Corporation’s Center for Global Risk and Security,and a visiting fellow at CATS.

    Renanah Miles is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science atColumbia University and a summer associate at the RANDCorporation. She concentrates in international relations with afocus on security studies and the Middle East. Previously she wasa program analyst in the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

  • 18.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Thvedt, Andrew
    Chen, Alicia R.
    Lee, Kathy
    McCue, Madeline
    Addressing Hybrid Threats2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid threats have become the 21st security challenge for Western countries. They reflect significant change in the nature of international security. Change tends to increase feelings of insecurity and, historically, frictions in society, all the more so because hybrid threats are complex and ambiguous. Some people look to the past for answers, while others have forgotten the past. There are those who argue more vigorously for adapting to change, and there are those who try to defend the status quo. In some cases facts turn into views, opinions and perspectives – or worse, vice versa. This means that the picture of the security environment is not simply black or white. It is complex, multi-layeredand multidimensional. Thus, analysis of what has changed, how it is changed and what does it mean for democratic states is at the core of understanding the nature of the current security environment in Europe.

    This report gives us a rich understanding of what we mean when we talk about hybrid threats drawing upon two case studies: Russia’s interventions in Crimea and Ukraine and in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. It also addresses whatkind of threats we are facing and what tools are being used against the democratic states.

  • 19.
    Wilhelmson, Nina
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Svensson, Thomas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Handbook for planning, running and evaluating information technology and cyber security exercises2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cyber Defence Exercise (CDX) is a tool for raising cyber security awarenessand train people to handle different situations in a controlled cyberenvironment. To exercise is a way of enhancing Tools, Techniques andProcedures, TTP. It’s also a way of building trust between the participants,as cooperation is needed to solve problems under stress. Failuresgive lessons learned and not any drastic consequences.

    In this handbook by the Swedish National Defence College’s Centerfor Asymmetric Threat Studies (CATS), Nina Wilhelmson and ThomasSvensson describes different types of exercises and in particular Red versusBlue Team Exercise. It covers the process from the first idea to theafter action analysis. Thomas Svensson has been represented CATS inBaltic Cyber Shield 2010 and Locked Shields 2012 – 2014 as a memberof the exercise control team (White Team). The base for the handbookhas been Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) ExerciseHandbook with additions and lessons learned from Cyber DefenceExercises held in cooperation between Sweden and Estonia.

1 - 19 of 19
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