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  • 1.
    Bo, Hugemark
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Den stora invasionen: Svenskt operativt tänkande under kalla kriget2017Book (Other academic)
  • 2. Collier, Paul
    et al.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Grove, Mark
    Grove, Philip
    Hart, Russell
    Hart, Stephen
    Havers, Robin
    Horner, Davis
    Jukes, Geoffrey
    Hastings, Max
    The Second World War2018 (ed. 2nd)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Second World War was the most devastating conflict in human history and one which provides innumerable lessons - military, political, and moral. Across the globe, both soldier and civilian endured suffering on a scale previously unknown to humanity as nations grappled with the demands of total war.

  • 3.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Reconceptualising the politics of knowledge authority in post/conflict interventions: From a peacebuilding field to transnational fields of interventionary objects2020In: European Journal of International Security, ISSN 2057-5637, E-ISSN 2057-5645, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 115-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peacebuilding debates increasingly revolve around questions about knowledge and expertise. Of particular interest is what (and whose) knowledge(s) ends up authoritative in interventions. This article addresses a problem in the literature on the epistemics and epistemic authority of peacebuilding interventions: the acknowledgement of but lacking attention to plural knowledges, the transgressive character of expertise, and knowledge struggles. It does this by discussing recent suggestions that peacebuilding epistemic authority can be fruitfully analysed as a Bourdieusian field. The article identifies a tension in Bourdieu’s own thinking about fields, which has shaped some of these recent proposals. This tension, nevertheless, also enables a reconsideration of fields and struggles, and thereby an analysis that takes plurality and transgressiveness into account. By developing such an alternative conceptual position, the article sees peacebuilding epistemic authority as object- and struggle-bound; conditioned and dependent on dynamics that go beyond peacebuilding as a distinct field of practice. This position is illustrated in an analysis of the emergence and (temporary) establishment of epistemic authority in peacebuilding interventions on informal economies.

  • 4.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Military strategy of small states: Responding to External Shocks of the 21st Century2018Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using primary sources from four Nordic countries, (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden), this volume explores how small states have adjusted their military strategies in response to external shocks of the 21st century. The 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Russian interventions in Georgia and Ukraine, and the rise of the Islamic State have all forced the Nordic states to adopt new strategies. While the responses have not been uniform, their differing relations to the EU and NATO have not prevented these countries from behaving similarly in military affairs. Limitations in military capacity has led all four countries to pursue strategies that include cooperation with more resourceful partners. It is necessary for them to cooperate with others to protect and promote their national interests. Moreover, the Nordic cosmopolitan outlook expresses milieu-shaping ambitions that we generally would not expect small states to pursue against a potential great power aggressor.

    This book will be of much interest to students of military strategy, defense studies, security studies, and international relations.

  • 5.
    Ekström, Thomas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Operational Functions Section.
    There is no "A" in CD&E, Neither for Analysis nor for Anarchy: Ensuring Scientific Rigour and Analytical Structure While Maintaining Military Relevance and Artistic Freedom2019In: Advances in Defence Analysis, Concept Development and Experimentation: Innovation for the Future / [ed] Bianca Barbu, David Martin, Lora Hadzhidimova, Norfolk, Virginia, USA: NATO - Headquarters Supreme Allied Commander Transformation , 2019, p. 22-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Ekström, Thomas
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, Kista, Sweden.
    Skoglund, Per
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Operational Functions Section.
    Ström, Mats
    Swedish Defence Materiel Administration, Stockholm, Sweden.
    An optimised defence supply system: Defining the principles2017In: NOFOMA 2017 - The 29th NOFOMA Conference: ”Taking on grand challenges” / [ed] Hellström, Daniel; Kembro, Joakim; Bodnar, Hajnalka, Lund: Lund University , 2017, p. 761-763Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of   this paper is to describe the first step in the process of optimising the   Swedish defence supply system. The first step entails defining principles for   distribution and storage.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The research   builds on literature reviews, archival records, Swedish military documents,   participatory observation at FMV and in the Swedish Armed Forces Head   Quarters, study visits to military units, presentations by Subject Matter   Experts (SMEs), and war gaming.

    Principles from   business logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM) were identified and   analysed in order to assess their applicability in the Swedish military   context. Similarly, military logistics principles from other nations (US and   UK), as well as from multinational organisations (UN, NATO, and EU), were   identified and analysed. Finally, current and past Swedish logistics   principles from guiding documents and military practise were also identified.  

    Findings

    The newly dawned   political attention to operational effect, operational capabilities,   availability and preparedness must lead to a shift of paradigm in defence   logistics. Military logistics must move from the prevailing focus on   effectiveness and efficiency in production logistics to an effect based   operational logistics, supported by an effective and efficient production   logistics. This means that new military logistics principles must be applied.   The conducted research has suggested a set of new principles for distribution   and storage.

    The working group has identified and analysed principles in business logistics and SCM, as well as domestic and international principles in military logistics. The working group has found that there is no established set of principles that in and by itself meets the requirements for designing an optimised system for storage and distribution which satisfies the goal and the constraints. The working group has therefore selected principles from different sources and augmented these with a couple of principles constructed by the working group.

    The working group   proposes that the following principles should be established for distribution   and storage in the Swedish defence supply chain:

    •   Primacy   of operational requirements – It is the requirements of the operational   commander that must be satisfied.
    •   Adapted   protection – The requirements for protection must be considered in the   selection of system for distribution and storage.
    •   Categorisation,   segmentation and differentiation – Supplies should be categorised and   segmented, and the treatment of segments should be differentiated.
      •   Strategic   supplies should always be stored in sufficient quantities and volumes in   order to ensure initial availability and sustainability until external   delivery can be guaranteed.
      •   Risk   supplies should always be stored in sufficient quantities and volumes in   order to ensure initial availability and initial sustainability.
      •   Certain   leverage supplies may require storage to a certain degree in order not to   jeopardise initial availability and initial sustainability.
      •   Generally,   it is not necessary to store routine supplies.
      •   Storage   close to military units – Limiting supplies should be stored close to the   military units in order to ensure initial availability and initial   sustainability for activated and mobilised military units.
      •   Storage   close to the area of operations – Reserve supplies should be stored close to   the envisioned areas of operations in order to ensure operational   sustainability.
      •   The   requirement for redistribution and dispersion in higher levels of   preparedness should be minimised.
      •   Efficient   distribution solutions, which do not restrict operational effect, should be   used up until the area of operations.
      •   Military   units close to the area of operations should have organic distribution   capability to be able to handle all requirements for transportation.
      •   Postponement   – Products should be kept generic as long as possible, and value adding,   customising, activities should be postponed as long as possible.
      •   Modularisation   and bundling of goods and services – Components (goods, services, or   combinations of goods and services) should be grouped (bundled) together into   larger modules or systems, which at a later stage can be combined in order to   create customised end products.
      •   Efficient and lean in peace.
      •   Effective, agile and responsive in higher levels of preparedness.
      • ·           Flexibility to adapt the configuration of the supply chain to   different levels of threat, preparedness and conflict.

    Contrary   to most supply chains in business logistics, but akin to the reality of   supply chains in humanitarian logistics, supply chains in defence logistics   must have two distinct different modes: dormant and action. This means moving from applying the principles of efficiency and   lean in peace, to the application of the principles of effectiveness, agility   and responsiveness in higher levels of preparedness. To have the ability to   move between these two modes is an application of the principle of   flexibility.

    The working group   has found that several of the principles applied in business logistics are   better suited to be components in everyday improvement management within   defence logistics, rather than as principles suited for supply chain design   and supply chain configuration. Consequently, the working group proposes that   improvement management within defence logistics command and control should   always address the following issues:

    •   Eliminate,   reduce and/or redistribute lead-times – Non value adding activities should be   eliminated. Time should be allocated so that activities are executed in   parallel. It must be ensured that activities are not duplicated between   different organisations.
    •   Eliminate,   reduce and/or adapt to variations and uncertainties – Variations and   uncertainties must be identified and analysed, in order to enable elimination   or reduction, alternatively allow for required adaptations.
    •   Simplify   and compress structures and processes – The number of decision elements or   nodes in logistics systems, e.g. the number of different variations of   products, customers, suppliers, storage nodes, number of steps in   distribution channels, levels in product structures, etc. should be reduced.   Components, processes, and interfaces should be standardised.
    •   Simplify   administration and minimise transaction times – Administration should be   simplified and the extra lead time due to administrative processer should be   minimised.

    Several of the   proposed principles have been validated by SMEs within the Swedish Armed   Forces and FMV through war games which have been conducted at the tactical   and operational levels for this purpose. However, the working group   recommends that further validation activities be conducted, prior to any final   implementation and institutionalisation of the proposed principles.

    Original/value

    The presented work   is relevant for any defence organisation contemplating transformation of its   logistics system in the light of recent developments with implications for   the areas of defence and security policy.

  • 7.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Book Review: Sjövägen till Sverige. Från 1500-talet till våra dagar2017In: International Journal of Maritime History, ISSN 0843-8714, E-ISSN 2052-7756, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 671-673Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Carl XII: mannen och arvet2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Carl XII: mannen och arvet2018In: Perspektiver på Den store nordiske krig 1700-1721: 300 år etter Carl XIIs fall / [ed] Arstad, Knut, Oslo: Forsvarsmuseet , 2018, 1, p. 397-424Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Den svenska krigsmaktens omställning från krigsfot efter freden i Nystad 17212017In: Karolinska Förbundets Årsbok 2017 / [ed] Magnus Linnarsson, Stockholm: Karolinska Förbundet , 2017, p. 94-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Den svenska staten som militärmakt - före, under och efter det stora nordiska kriget2017In: Det store nordiske krig 1700-1721. Rapport fra Clio- og Mars-seminariet på Forsvarsmuseet  i Oslo 2-3november 2016. Forsvarsmuseets småskrift nr 49 s / [ed] Knut Arstad, Oslo: Forsvarsmuseet , 2017, p. 163-191Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Det oförklarade ubåtskriget mellan Sverige och Sovjetunionen 19422018In: Sjöfarten i krig / [ed] Villstrand, Nils Erik; Westerlund, Kasper, Åbo: Sjöhistoriska institutet vid Åbo akademi , 2018, p. 194-214Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Fredsbevarande eller fredsframtvingande?: Svenskt deltagande i internationella truppinsatser 1921-20172019In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 139, no 3, p. 511-552Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For almost a century Sweden has participated with military units in international peace operations. Most of these operations have taken place since 1956, under the command of the United Nations (UN), but the prehistory during the League of Nations is of importance for a deeper understanding of Sweden’s participation in international peace operations. For a long time, peace operations took place under a mandate of the UN and were also organised by the UN. But step by step both EU and NATO have come to command many of these operations.

    From 1934 until today, more than 100 000 Swedes have taken part in different kinds of international operations. By means of a chronological and comparative approach, this article studies the development of these operations. The focus is the concrete development of the military operations, not the political decision-making processes behind them.

    Six different definitions of peace operations are used: Preventive operations, where the international forces are deployed before a conflict has broken out. Traditional peacekeeping operations, where the international troops are deployed between the two hostile parties, with their approval. Enlarged peacekeeping, where there are several breaches of a formal armistice. Peace-enforcing operation, where the international forces use armed force against one or several of the parties. Support of a transition, where the military, the police and civilians are used to implement a peace agreement. Administration of a transition, where the international society assumes responsibility to achieve a deeper political change.

    Very few Swedish peace operations were of a traditional peace keeping sort, while more peace enforcing efforts took place or were prepared for already in the 1960s. However, the big shift towards participations in peaceenforcing operations under the command of EU and NATO came in the 1990s. For many years this development was not in step with the official Swedish self-image as a neutral and peace-loving country.

  • 14.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Lasse-Maja. Stortjuven som blev författare och legend2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Saarbataljonen: Svenska fredssoldater i Hitlers skugga 1934-352017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Strategisch von Vorteil - oder von Nachteil?: Die Schwedische Flotte und Pommern 1700-17212018In: Deutschland - Schweden - Finnland: Kriege, Politik und Kultur durch die Jahrhunderte. Beiträge eines wissenschaftlichen Kolloquiums der Schwedischen Lützen-Stiftung Göteborg in Zusammenarbeit mit der Stadt und dem Museum Lützen vom 3.-6. November 2012. 6. Lützener Gespräch / [ed] Inger Schubert, Maik Reichel, Svenska Lützenstiftelsen samt Lützens stad och museum , 2018, p. 132-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Swedish Officers in Foreign Service 1648-1762: A Synthesis2018In: Acta Byzantina Fennica, ISSN 1458-7017, Vol. 5, p. 105-128Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Defending the Åland Islands: Swedish-Finnish joint operational planning in the late 1930s2019In: Alliance planning and coalition warfare: Historical and contemporary approaches / [ed] Harold E. Raugh, Belgrade: Institute for Strategic Studies , 2019, p. 48-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Defending the Åland Islands: Swedish-Finnish Joint Operational Planning in the late 1930s2019In: Alliance planning and Coalition Warfare: Historical and Contemporary Approaches / [ed] Dr. Harold E. Raugh, Jr., Belgrade: Institute for Strategic Research , 2019, p. 48-71Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Eriksson, Gunilla
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Operational Functions Section.
    A theoretical reframing of the intelligence–policy relation2018In: Intelligence and national security, ISSN 0268-4527, E-ISSN 1743-9019, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 553-561Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intertwined relation between policy and intelligence has long been considered a vital issue for intelligence studies. However, this article argues that the role of the intelligence services as producers of knowledge within policy processes has not yet been thoroughly discussed within academia. One possible overall theoretical framework for studying intelligence in its role as knowledge producer is that of policy analysis, especially if the variance of intelligence’s impact on policy is under scrutiny. More specifically, this article argues that the theoretical approaches within critical policy analysis and policy network analysis constitute productive frameworks for research into the intelligence–policy nexus.

  • 21.
    Eriksson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Operational Functions Section.
    Pettersson, UlricaSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies.
    Special Operations from a Small State Perspective: Future Security Challenges2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    A dangerous pathway? Toward a theory of special forces2019In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 255-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores what is considered by some to be a dangerous pathway:the development of a theory of special forces. The world is now inthe third age of special forces and these secret military units are atthe forefront of the use of force in international relations. This research identifies a large theory-knowledge gap concerning these military “first responders” for modern nation-states and offers a tentative theory of special forces that goes beyond traditional annihilation/attrition models of wartoward a new anaphylaxis model. It makes the case that the theory pathwayis not dangerous, but emancipatory.

  • 23.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Special Forces: Leadership, Processes and the British Special Air Service (SAS)2017In: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Special Operations Forces / [ed] Gitte Højstrup Christensen, Copenhagen: Royal Danish Defence College Publishing House, 2017, 1, p. 74-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the research question of what kind of leadership, processes, and work climate best support employee-driven/bottom-up innovation in SOF. It starts with the suggestion that the term, Special Operations Forces (SOF), needs to be intellectually unpacked and its diverse elements (of which Special Forces are just one part) disaggregated in order to elicit definitional clarity. From this conceptual starting point, it becomes immediately clear that Special Forces represent the ‘special’ component in the SOF designation. This research contends they are a new type of soldier (and a product of modern warfare) that is defined by differentness in relation to conventional forces and activities within a battlespace, working in traditionally restricted areas. David Stirling, one of the founders of the famed British Special Air Service (SAS), is highlighted as an exemplar of the sort of leadership that provoked rare operational level effects. The paper also suggests that unorthodox forces operating in a unique operational environment demand unusual personality types and atypical command/control processes encapsulated by the so-called ‘Chinese Parliament’ that emerged in the SAS.

  • 24.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Special Operations in Contemporary Warfare: Challenges and Opportunities2017In: Tidskrift i Sjöväsendet, ISSN 0040-6945, no 2, p. 168-174Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study suggests that the world is now in a third age of Special Forces and one that in all likelihood will witness an increasing utility of these unusual military units in orthodox and unorthodox warfare in international relations.

  • 25.
    Frisk, Robert
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section. Division of Philosophy, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Linda
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Maritime Operations Section. Division of Philosophy, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Military operations planning and goal-management: a philosophical perspective: thoughts on how decision theory and ethics can help improve military goal-management2019In: Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, ISSN 1488-559X, E-ISSN 1488-559X, Vol. 19, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses and reviews some previous research concerning what we denote as ‘goal-management’, in other words how to set, apply and evaluate goals when conducting military operations planning. We aim to explain and answer the following question:

    • In what way could a review of previous philosophical thoughts on goal-management, decision theory and ethics improve contemporary military operations planning concerning goal-management?

    We suggest a guideline (a planning tool) for how to conduct goal-management when planning military operations and exemplify our guideline with two fictive examples concerning the development of an Operational advice and Appreciation of Rules of Engagement. The paper concludes that the application of decision theory and ethics, i.e. important parts of philosophy, can contribute to military operations planning by focusing on three perspectives: an axiomatic, an ethical and a deliberative perspective.

  • 26.
    Gussarsson, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    The importance of knowing Finnish land and waters: the organisation of Swedish military mapping from the Great Northern War to the Swedish-Russian War of 1808-18092018In: 1716 - The Great Northern War: new perspectives / [ed] Clemmesen, Michael Hesselholt; Poulsen, Niels Bo; Schøning, Anna Sofie;, Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2018, 1, p. 37-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Josefsson, Anders
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Command and Control Section.
    Anderson, Joseph
    United States Army.
    Norlander, Arne
    Marcusson, Björn
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Operational Functions Section.
    Mission Command when waging cyber operations2019In: 24th International Command and Control Research & Technology Symposium (ICCRTS), International Command and Control Institute , 2019, Vol. Topic 2Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The conditions for military operations have changed due to many things and the cyber-related challenges associated with these conditions require more attention. Many cyber activities are conducted under other circumstances than conventional war that is called the grey zone between peace and war. The objective of this paper is to explore the conditions for mission command when conducting cyber operations. The distinction between war and peace has blurred and adversaries, both state and non-state, threaten the stability in many western countries. Mission command can be seen both as a philosophy and as a method. The fundamental principles for mission command as a philosophy are trust, intent focus, initiative and common ground. This paper discusses if the conditions for Mission Command have changed and are applicable while conducting different types of cyberspace operations and that offensive and defensive cyber operations imply different conditions for Mission Command. The conclusion is that Mission Command as a philosophy is still relevant, but it has to be supported by a comprehensive Command and Control (C2)-Method that is flexible and able to vary between Direct Control and Mission type Control. The C2 Method should be complemented with a dynamic and adaptive control policy for different types of cyber actions. The paper also suggests a holistic model for Dynamic Command that considers both the situations need for action and the Mission Systems C2-needs.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Klein, Robert M.
    et al.
    (Ret.) Center for Strategic Research (CSR), Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, USA .
    Lundqvist, Stefan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Sumangil, Ed
    Center for Strategic Research (CSR), Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, USA .
    Pettersson, Ulrica
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Operational Functions Section.
    Baltics Left of Bang: the Role of NATO with Partners in Denial-Based Deterrence2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s military contribution to deter Russian aggression in the Baltic region should begin with an overall strategic concept that seamlessly transitions from deterrence through countering Russia’s gray zone activities and onto conventional war, only if necessary. NATO should augment its ongoing program to enhance the denial-based deterrence for the region with threats of punishment that demonstrate to Russian leaders they cannot achieve their aims at acceptable costs. Rather than forward-position military forces in the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), NATO should consider keeping forces further back to take advantage of strategic depth to limit vulnerability to Russian attack and increase operational flexibility. To support the overall denial-based deterrence concept, the Baltics must commit wholeheartedly to the concept of total defense including significant increases to their active and reserves forces.

  • 29.
    Listou, Tore
    et al.
    Norweigian Defence University College, Norway.
    Skoglund, Per
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Operational Functions Section.
    Ekström, Thomas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Operational Functions Section.
    Performance Based Logistics: Lessons from the Nordic countries2019In: The 31st Annual NOFOMA Conference: Supply Chain Designs and Sustainable Development of Societies - Extended abstracts, Oslo: BI Norwegian Business School; Norwegian Defence University College , 2019, p. 32-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    PBL is thought of as a novel way of designing defence supply chains, advocating long-term relations in which a 1st tier supplier assumes responsibility for the upstream supply chain, and is awarded or punished based on pre-set performance standards. Activities and resources could be lifted out of the defence hierarchy. PBL should lead to adjusted inter-organisational relations and intra-organisational activity structures. The purpose of this research is to explore a) what barriers and enablers to PBL are perceived as the most important in a Nordic perspective, b) how relations between the Defence and PBL suppliers are handled, and c) whether PBL leads to organisational change within the defence.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Because few PBL contracts exist within the Nordic countries a qualitative approach was chosen, based on document studies and semi-structured interviews. Primary data were collected from four units of analysis, each chosen to shed light to all one or more of the research questions.

    Findings

    Our study supports some of, but not all barriers and enablers found in previous research. Lack of supply chain orientation is the main barrier. Relationships seem to depend on trust developed over time, also prior to the PBL contract. Although PBL alters interorganisational activity structures, this only to a minor degree results in organisational change.

    Research limitations/implications

    Qualitative study of a few Nordic PBL contracts. Findings validated in a Nordic context, not necessarily for other small nations.

    Practical implications

    Our findings have implications when planning and implementing PBL contracts.

    Original/value

    This is the first reported study of PBL contracts in the Nordic countries.

  • 30.
    Lundqvist, Stefan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Uppföljning och utvärdering av operationer2018In: Militära arbetsmetoder: En lärobok i krigsvetenskap / [ed] Peter Thunholm; Jerker Widén; Niklas Wikström, Malmö: Universus Academic Press , 2018, p. 163-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppföljning och utvärdering av militära operationer utgör ett sammanhängande system som spänner över alla ledningsnivåer. Behovet av detta system har sitt ursprung i de ökade krav på spårbarhet och mätbarhet av resultat och progression vid genomförandet av militära operationer som ställs i Sverige, EU och Nato. Identifieringen av de parametrar som skall mätas med därför avsedda verktyg under den militära operationens genomförande är en process som tar sin början i de högre ledningsnivåerna, det givna uppdraget, samt operationens slutmål. Genomförandet är däremot en process som föds från de förband som är insatta i operationen, vars insamlade information samman­ställs enligt förberedda riktlinjer, aggregeras och tillvaratas på de olika militära ledningsnivåerna. Denna text beskriver inte bara uppbyggnaden av Sveriges och Natos system för uppföljnings- och utvärdering av militära operationer, samt introducerar de analysverktyg som används på olika ledningsnivåer för att mäta framdrivning och framsteg, den diskuterar även de utmaningar som är förknippade med att implementera en effektiv uppföljnings- och utvärderingsprocess.

  • 31.
    Lundqvist, Stefan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhet.
    Reintroducing the Great Power Gaze: The Case for a Baltic-Arctic Security Complex2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Baltic Sea and the Arctic have once again become scenes for geostrategic great power competition, influencing regional economic, military and environmental security. Here, international relationships span a spectrum from friendship to fear. We observe that a host of different units of analysis currently compete for our attention in this part of Europe. But while “Scandinavia”, “the Nordic area”, “the Baltic Sea region”, “the High North” and “the Arctic” help focus strategic analysis on important and sometimes overlapping components of this area, security complex theory prescribes that we must adopt a broader, multi-layered view in order to understand how great and small power interests play out in this part of the world today. Such analysis must consider China’s global role, NATO’s increasingly elaborate military planning and the Russian Federation’s perception of vulnerabilities and opportunities, in an area that stretches from the Suwalki gap in East-Central Europe to the Barents Sea. In addition, security complex analysis benefits from including the perspectives of small states that control key territories – such as resource-rich continental shelves and exclusive economic zones – and from taking relevant international bodies into account as enabling and constraining factors. As part of a larger project, this paper reviews several sets of open source documents indicative of the incentive structure of such key players, published over the past five years. We delve into the political, economic and military dimensions of aims and actions by three categories of actors, namely: i) China, Russia, the United States; ii) Denmark, Norway; Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Canada; and iii) the EU, NATO and the Arctic Council. We conclude that, while smaller units of analysis still make sense for limited research purposes, the concept of a Baltic-Arctic security complex is necessary for meaningful strategic analysis.

  • 32.
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Life and Death on Mars (1564)2019In: On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare / [ed] Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 199-222Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Unionskrig och maktkamp: ”Gribshunden” i källorna2019In: Gribshunden 1495: medeltidens modernaste skepp, Karlskrona: Blekinge museum , 2019, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Skoglund, Per
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Operational Functions Section.
    Listou, Tore
    Norwegian Defence University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Host Nation Support: an evolving concept for military and humanitarian logistics2017In: NOFOMA 2017 - The 29th NOFOMA Conference: ”Taking on grand challenges” / [ed] Hellström, Daniel; Kembro, Joakim; Bodnar, Hajnalka, Lund: Lund Univeristy , 2017, p. 815-816Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Today Host Nation Support (HNS) is applied in most multinational military exercises and in multinational operations such as the Iraqi Wars, in Afghanistan and Mali. Processes and activities are tailored and adjusted according to the knowledge and capacity of the different Host Nations, although often at an ad-hoc basis (Tilson, 1997). On the civilian side, the concept became known at the turn of the century, when for example Croatia used HNS principles in the IDASSA exercise in 2007 (DUZS, 2007). HNS as an idea has evolved both in the military and the civilian sector. Academic research on HNS is limited, except from doctrines and principles developed by NATO, EU, and individual nations, few academic studies can be found. There exist a few papers discussing national capabilities (Rzadkowska & Ziółkowski, 2016; Škvařil, 2013). To our best knowledge, there are no previous studies concerning the needs of the Sending Organisations and the effects HNS will have on the logistics footprint of those organisations. Based on an open systems perspective, the purpose of this paper is therefor to explore and describe general principles of HNS, and to apply a theoretical framework for analysing logistics implications for the sending organisations receiving support.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Based on existing available strategy documents and research literature, an understanding for the basic concepts of HNS is developed, followed by a discussion on HNS as a preparedness strategy. Then a theoretical framework is developed to analyse the perspectives: permanent or temporary, central or de-central dimension, and vertical and horizontal coordination. The plan is to analyse the theoretical findings on two cases, one military and one humanitarian. Important aspects to look for is if HNS really makes responses more rapid or if HNS is one way to create binding commitments between sending organisation and receiving nation, when a need for rapid response exists.

    Findings

    Based on theory we conclude that HNS deals with employing resources available in a Host Nation in such a manner that a Sending Organisation can perform its tasks without having to bring own resources along. Such resources would encompass both infrastructure, means of transportation, subsistence, maintenance capacities, access to, and knowledge of local markets, and the ability to coordinate and deconflict needs of all relevant actors. HNS will be activated when a Host Nation requests assistance from other nations or from foreign based organisations. In this respect, it seems that the focus of HNS today has evolved from being mainly a question of minimising costs for deployed forces to also include the ability to add agility or responsiveness to Sending Organisations’ supply chains. Hence, HNS could be regarded a preparedness strategy serving both a Host Nation and Sending Organisations. The Host Nation controls resources and actors that the Sending Organisations, which could be classified as preparedness and emergency response organisations, depends on in order to perform their tasks efficiently.

    Research limitations/implications

    We delimit our study to HNS as a preparedness measure. That is, not the old fashioned, stable efficiency aim, instead primarily being able to conduct a rapid response or possibly the creation of commitment between sending organisations and Host Nations when a response is required.The study will have limitations since the concept only rarely has been used, except for military exercises. This limits the practical experiences and empirical data to validate conclusions from strategy documents, but even with limited amount of data where the concept is used, it is evident that there exists a political commitment to the concept in many nations.

    Practical implications

    The Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection has developed guideline (DSB, 2014). Belgium state that they have developed a HNS system, according to the EU guidelines, if a need emergency assistance occurs (UNISDR, 2015). Today the HNS concept also has reached the Classrooms, e.g. UNDP held a training course in Beirut in 2015 (UNDP, 2015).This means that there is a growing awareness both in civil and military organisations, that HNS is an important concept both for receiving nations and sending organisations to give a rapid response to an emergency.

    Social implications 

    HNS can develop dormant relationships between organisations and nations. This means that the capability to react rapidly can be improved and developed during crises, which will reduce time to assist vulnerable populations.

    Original/value

    In this paper is the concept of HNS is analysed. The paper shows in what way HNS plays an important role to create preparedness for disaster relief or military assistance. The study discusses several aspects of HNS which creates the fundaments to theoretically understandand practically use the concept.

  • 35.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Ackordssystemet, dess avskaffande och revolutioner i det tysta2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Ackordssystemet, dess avskaffande och revolutioner i det tysta2019In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2018, p. 52-66Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Amerikanska infanterister i kulturhistoriskt ljus eller kulturhistoria med infanteriunderstöd?: Recension av Maco Büchl: Dogface Soldiers: Die Frontsoldaten der US-Infanterie und der Krieg gegen Hitlers Wehrmacht im Mittelmeerraum und in Nordwesteuropa2019In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2018, p. 123-127Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Blod, skatter och byråkrati: Perspektiv på den tidigmoderna statens framväxt2017In: Från krig till fred till krig / [ed] Kurt Almqvist och PJ Anders Linder, Stockholm: Axel och Margareta Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse för allmännyttiga ändamål , 2017, p. 21-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Det militära indelningsverket som resurssystem. Exemplet Upplands infanteriregemente 1721–18332017In: Upplands regemente 400 år. Förbandet, hembygden och dess försvar.: / [ed] Lars Otto Berg, Hans Norman, Henrik Sjövall, Håkan Palm och Fredrik Wiebe, Enköping: Upplands regementes och ledningsregementets historiekommitté , 2017, p. 56-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Indelningsverk, militärstat och en dos historierevisionism2017In: Från Afrikakompaniet till Tokyo: En vänbok till György Nováky / [ed] Marie Lennersand & Leos Müller, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Exkurs , 2017, p. 202-227Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Leverantörer och profitörer. Olika geografiska områdens och sociala gruppers handel med fästningsbygget Sveaborg under den första byggnadsperioden 1748–17562017In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, no 1, p. 122-124Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Propaganda som genre, organisationsform och påverkansmedel: Recension av Jimmy Vulovic, Propaganda: Historia, teori och analys2019In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2018, p. 132-136Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Återtagandet av markstridskrafterna 2020-2030: Arméns personalförsörjning, utbildningskapacitet samt förmågehöjning av de nationella skyddsstyrkorna2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten behandlar tre aspekter av ett militärt återtagande inom ramen för markstridskrafterna, närmare bestämt personalförsörjningen, utveckling av de nationella skyddsstyrkorna samt förslag med bäring på en ökning av utbildningskapaciteten.

    Avseende personalförsörjningen diskuteras de åtgärder som bör vidtas för att med plikten som redskap möjliggöra skapandet av förband med professionell profil.

    Beträffande förband med särskild inriktning mot gråzonsproblematik och mötandet av hybrida hot, behandlas nödvändigheten av att behärska vilseledning och skenmålskonstruktion samt bekämpandet av drönare. Därutöver diskuteras prioriteringarna av de underhålls- och understödsförband som måste tillföras organisationen samt hur hemvärnets personalförsörjning kan säkras intill 2030.

    Slutligen berörs möjligheten att med prefabricerade kaserner, inordnade i karusellsystem och genom samverkan med Finland skapa en större fysisk infrastruktur för utbildningsändamål.

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  • 44.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Garpenhag, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Försvarsmaktens utlandsveteraner: Historiska aspekter på dagens svenska veteranpolitik, ca. 1956-20102016Report (Other academic)
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  • 45.
    Wawrzeniuk, Piotr
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Garpenhag, LarsThisner, FredrikSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 20172018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artiklar

    • Vesa Vares, Finnish Quest for Identity and Security and the "Europe in between" in the 1920s and 1930s, Vibrate comrades, Realism set limits, Unorganized
    • Elin Malmer, Vapenbröder emellan, Exemplet Västgöta regementes officerskår under 1800-talets senare del, Officerspaviljonger, Gemenskap, Förändring
    • Fia Sundevall, Money, Gender and Military Training, Women as Economic Agents in Military Affairs (Sweden 1924-1942), Gender and war, WLA, Budget cuts, Earmarking funds

    Recensioner

    • "Soldaterna och krigets verklighet" - Recension av Idan Sherer, Warriors for a Living: The Experience of the Spanish Infantry during the Italian Wars 1494-1559 Lars Ericson Wolke
    • "Grundligt om 1500-talets sjöofficerare" - Recension av Ingvar Sjöblom, Svenska sjöofficerare under 1500-talet Bjöm Asker
    • "Underrättelsearbete under det spanska tronföljdskriget" – Recension av Matthias Pohlig, Marlboroughs Geheimnis. Strukturen und Funktionen der Informationsgewinnung im Spanischen Erbfolgekrieg Henrik Edgren
    • "Sjökrigets vardag under det tidiga 1700-talet" - Recension av For Kongen og Flåten. Matros Trosners dagbok 1710-1714. Bind 1-2 Lars Ericson Wolke
    • "Storbritannien och krigen mot Frankrike 1793-1815" – Recension av Heather Noel-Smith och Lorna M. Campell, Hornblower's historical shipmates. The Young Gentlemen of Pellews Indefatigable; Helen Watt och Anne Hawkins, Letters of Seamen in the Wars with France 1793-1815; Robert K. Sutcliffe, British Expeditionary Warfare and the Defeat of Napoleon 1793-1815 AnnaSara Hammar
    • "Brittiska flottans Östersjöhistoria" - Recension av John D Grainger, The British Navy in the Baltic Kent Zetterberg
    • "Helgoland som prisma för anglo-tyska relationer" - Recension av Jan Rűger, Heligoland- Britain, Germany and the struggle for the North Sea Bengt Larsson
    • "Rikt illustrerad skildring av första världskrigets sjökrigföring" - Recension av Gunnar Möller, Minkriget i Östersjön 1914-1915 Bengt Larsson
    • "Ambitiöst men spretigt om stupad konstnär" - Recension av Sören Björklund, Ivan Lönnberg: Konstnären som stupade i första världskriget Bo Lundström
    • "Försvarsarbete ur ett genusperspektiv" - Recension av Klas Kronberg (red.), Sömmerskor; tornsvalor och soldater: kvinnors försvarsarbete i Sverige sedan första världskriget Esbjörn Larsson
    • "Deskriptiv biografi över nazistisk chefsideolog" Recension av Volker Koop, Alfred Rosenberg: Der Wegbereiter des Holocaust. Eine Biographie David Gaunt
    • "Underrättelsetjänst i varmt och kallt krig" - Recension av Wilhelm Agrell, Sprickor i järnridån: Svensk underrättelsetjänst 1944-1992 Lars Ericson Wolke
    • "Mannerheim på gott och ont" - Recension av Dag Sebastian Ahlander, Gustaf Mannerheim Olof Santesson
    • "Lärdomar om krigföring i berg" - Recension av Lester W Grau och Charles K Bartles, Mountain warfare and Other Lofty Problems: Foreign: Perspectives on High Altitude Combat Charlie Sulocki
    • "A handy guide to military strategy" - Recension av Antulio J Echevarria II, Military Strategy: A Very Short Introduction Alastair Finlan

    Rättelser

    • Rättelse gällande recension av Mikaela Sundberg, A Sociology of the Total Organization: Atomistic Unity in the French Foreign Legion, publicerad i Militärhistorisk tidskrift 2016

    Författarpresentationer

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  • 46.
    Wawrzeniuk, Piotr
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Thisner, FredrikSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 2016: Artiklar och uppsatser2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artiklar

    • Andreas Lindroth, Torpeder och torpedbåtars introduktion i den svenska flottan 1860-1901, Varför, Tekniska innovationer, I andra länder, Whiteheadtorpeden, Torpedbåtar
    • Karsten Skjold Petersen, Hestemassakren efter Slaget ved Helsingborg 1710, Hestens rolle, Evakuering, Oprydning

    Uppsatser

    • Lars Garpenhag, Veteraners psykiska ohälsa som historiskt forskningsproblem, En oskriven historia, Fördjupad förståelse, PTSD
    • Christian Gerdov, "De kunde icke vika, blott falla kunde de", Historiebruket om den skandinaviska kåren och slaget vid Magersfontein i Sverige 1899-2015, Sydafrika och Sverige, Skandinaviska kåren, Minnesmärke, Borttynande hågkomst, Högerextrema

    Forskningsöversikter

    • Mattias Legnér, Attacker mot kulturarv i väpnade konflikter: en forskningsöversikt

    Kortare recensioner

    • "Främlingslegionen i sociologiskt perspektiv" Recension av Mikaela Sundberg, A Sociology of the Total Organization. Atomistic Unity in the French Foreign Legion
    • "Hyllning till Flygvapnet och flygindustrin'' Recension av Christer Lokind, Lennart Andersson, Michael Fredholm, Mats Hugosson, Per-Göte Lundborg, Thomas Magnusson og Simon Olsson, Svenskt flyg under kalla kriget
    • "Idrottsideolog i etern" - Recension av Peter Dahlen, Nationens väl och kroppens fostran. En biografi om idrottsledaren, militären och radiomannen Bertil Uggla
    • "Matbrist som huvudorsak till Förintelsen?" - Recension av Timothy Snyder, Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning
    • "Militärt arbete mellan slaveri och förvärvsarbete" Recension av Marcel van der Linden och Magaly Rodriguez Garda (red.) On Coerced Labor: Work and Compulsion after Chattel Slavery
    • "Vykort under första världskriget: vardagspropaganda i mikroformat" - Recension av Jaworski, Rudolf, Miitter Liebchen- Heroinen. Propagandapostkarten aus dem Ersten Weltkrieg
    • "Fortifikationsingenjörens strävan att befästa Sverigebilden i Europa'' - Recension av Börje Magnusson och Jonas Nordin, Drömmen om stormakten, Erik Dahlbergs Sverige
    • "Gustav II Adolf och den östra riksdelen" - Recension av Mirkka Lappalainen, Det nordiska lejonet. Gustav Il Adolf och Finland 1611-1632.

    Författarpresentationer

     

     

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  • 47.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Beredskapen 1939-1945: Svenska krigsmakten under det andra världskriget2017Book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Fjärde största flygvapnet: svenska flygvapnet när det var som störst2019Book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Hitler´s Scandinavian Legacy  /: The Case of Sweden in  Hitler´s Scandinavian Legacy,Anthology Edinburgh University2013In: Hitlers Scandinavian Legacy, London: Bloomsbury , 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden during the Second World War 1939-1945

  • 50.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    HÖGSTA LEDNINGEN. : förhållandet mellan regeringen och överbefälhavaren under kalla kriget2010Book (Other academic)
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