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  • 901.
    Dyvad, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ballistisk missilforsvar - og nuklear magtbalance2002Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to examine how the United States deployment of aNational Missile Defense will affect the stability of the nuclear balance-of-powerrelative to Russia and China. The theories used is, first, the balance-of-threat theoryby Stephen M. Walt, which rests on Kenneth N. Waltz’ neo-realism and balance-ofpowertheory and, secondly, Robert Jervis’ notable ”Four Worlds Under the SecurityDilemma” theory, which attempts to explore the power-security dilemma and theconsequences caused by the ambiguity between offensive and defensive militarypower. The method used is based on a qualitative empirical analysis of literature aswell as official statements from governments and governmental institutionsconcerned. First, the United States’ intentions of deploying a National MissileDefense will be examined. Secondly, the Russian and Chinese perceptions of threatas well as their possible options of balancing the National Missile Defense will beexplored. Finally, the affect of the National Missile Defense on strategic stability isexamined. My conclusions are:Russia and China perceive National Missile Defense as a threat:Russia’s nuclear deterrence vis-à-vis the United States will be undermined in itspresent form towards 2015. Chinas current “minimal” nuclear deterrence will benullified instantly when the National Missile Defense is deployed. Furthermore,Chinas presently ongoing modernisation of its nuclear forces will be continuouslyundermined towards 2015. In addition to existing and potential areas of conflict withthe United States the deployment of the National Missile Defense might contribute toRussian and Chinese perceptions of malign American intentions.Russia and China will try to balance the perceived threat by increasing theoffensive capabilities of their strategic nuclear weapons:Russia will try to balance the threat from the National Missile Defense throughstrategic arms control agreements with the United States. Furthermore, Russia willprepare its nuclear infrastructure to be able to balance the National Missile Defense,if the system is deployed. The National Missile Defense will require a furtherexpansion of the Chinese nuclear force, perhaps significantly beyond its currentplans. The methods of balancing will be an increase of the number of missiles andwarheads and probably also deployment of sophisticated countermeasures.The deployment of the National Missile Defense can cause strategic instabilityand arms race:As the offensive nuclear weapons, i.e. ballistic missiles, have several obviousadvantages over the defensive nuclear weapons, i.e. the National Missile Defense,and as the offensive postures cannot be distinguished from the defensive ones thepower-security dilemma will operate unrestrained. All three states will be confrontedwith a very unstable situation and offensive strategic arms race will be likely. Thedeployment of a National Missile Defense will furthermore increase the difficultiesof achieving very low warhead levels in forthcoming START negotiations.

  • 902.
    Däldehög, Filip
    Swedish National Defence College.
    En studie på flygvapenpiloter kring KASAM och meningsfullhet med yrket2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The author of this work has reasons to believe that pilots from different systems within the Swedish air force experiences different degree of meaning with that work they carry out. In this essay the author does a survey where he on the basis of a behavior scientific perspective tries to identify such differences between fighter pilots and transport pilots. He also tries to describe what possible effects these differences, if they exist, could cause for the pilots' health and motivation. The author describes on the basis of Aaron Antonovskys theory about sense of coherence (SOC) how it is possible to explain why some people, better than other, manage to copewith difficult situations or threatening events. Furthermore the author describes the importance of feeling a purpose and meaningfulness with the work the pilots do and how this may affect their willingness to remain in their trade. The author has obtained most of the empirical material through a survey among pilots in the Swedish Air Force, flying either the JAS 39 Gripen or the C-130 Hercules. The result of the study is that the author is not able to detect any differences in sense of coherence (SOC) between the two groups of pilots. Based on this result they therefore seem to have similar abilities to handle adversities and difficult situations in life. The author also sees a tendency that cargo pilots experiences their work as something more meaningful than fighter pilots, this is particularly evident in the age 30-39 years. However, the author does not manage to prove these differences as statistically significant. Based on the study the author therefore draws the conclusionthat neither of the two different groups of pilots is more likely than the other to leave their profession due to lack of meaningfulness with what they are accomplishing.

  • 903.
    Dückers, Michel L. A.
    et al.
    National knowledge and advice centre for psychosocial care concerning critical incidents, Diemen, The Netherlands; NIVEL – Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Arq Psychotrauma Expert Group, Diemen, The Netherlands.
    Thormar, Sigridur B.
    Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Juen, Barbara
    Department of Psychology, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Ajdukovic, Dean
    Department of Psychology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Newlove-Eriksson, Lindy
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olff, Miranda
    Arq Psychotrauma Expert Group, Diemen, The Netherlands; Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands .
    Measuring and modelling the quality of 40 post-disaster mental health and psychosocial support programmes2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 2, article id e0193285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Disasters can have an enormous impact on the health and well-being of those affected. Internationally, governments and service providers are often challenged to address complex psychosocial problems. Ideally, the potentially broad range of support activities include a coherent, high-quality mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) programme. We present a theory-driven quantitative analysis of the quality of 40 MHPSS programmes, mostly implemented in European disaster settings. The objective is to measure quality domains recognized as relevant in the literature and to empirically test associations. During the EU project “Operationalizing Psychosocial Support in Crisis” (OPSIC) an evaluation survey was designed and developed for this purpose and completed by 40 MHPSS programme coordinators involved in different mass emergencies and disasters. We analysed the survey data in two steps. Firstly, we used the data to operationalize quality domains of a MHPSS programme, tested constructs and assessed their internal consistency reliability. A total of 26 out of 44 survey items clustered into three of the four domains identified within the theoretical framework: “planning and delivery system” (Cronbach’s alpha 0.82); “general evaluation criteria” (Cronbach’s alpha 0.82); and “essential psychosocial principles” (Cronbach’s alpha 0.75). “Measures and interventions applied”, theoretically a potential fourth domain, could not be confirmed to empirically cluster together. Secondly, several models with associations between domains and measures and interventions were tested and compared. The model with the best fit suggests that in MHPSS programmes with a higher planning and delivery systems score, a larger number of measures and interventions from evidence-informed guidelines are applied. In such programmes, coordinators are more positive about general evaluation criteria and the realization of essential psychosocial principles. Moreover, the analyses showed that some measures and interventions are more likely to be applied in programmes with more evolved planning and delivery systems, yet for most measures and interventions the likelihood of being applied is not linked to planning and delivery system status, nor to coordinator perceptions concerning psychosocial principles and evaluation criteria. Further research is necessary to validate and expand the findings and to learn more about success factors and obstacles for MHPSS programme implementation.

  • 904.
    Ebeling, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Underrättelser för sjöstriden: IPB-metoden och den maritima arenan2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine the use of the NATO method known as Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace (IPB), since the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters in 2004 decided that interoperability with NATO methods is of high priority.

    Combat on the ground, in the air and at sea is characterized by different factors. This circumstance is however not very clear in the Swedish interpretation of IPB. This shortcoming constitutes the problem that this study has looked into. IPB will be examined from a naval point of view at a tactical level. The question that has been asked is how naval tactical combat and the maritime environment influence the use of IPB.

    The study uses the IPB-method itself as theoretical framework. Swedish doctrine, naval regulations and handbooks as well as modern literature on naval combat have been analysed in order to give perspectives on IPB. 

    It is common knowledge today that the essence of success in naval combat at a tactical level is to attack effectively first. The main conclusion is, however, that IPB, which focuses on estimates of the adversary’s courses of action, reflects this maxim poorly. The results of the study show that the intelligence output would be more adequate if IPB, when used in a naval tactical context, was concentrated on an analysis of the duel between ships.

  • 905.
    Eck, Kristine
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum. Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    In data we trust?: A comparison of UCDP GED and ACLED conflict events datasets2012In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 124-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, several large-scale data-collection projects have produced georeferenced, disaggregated events-level conflict data which can aid researchers in studying the microlevel dynamics of civil war. This article describes the differences between the two leading conflict events datasets, the Uppsala Conflict Data Program Georeferenced Events Dataset (UCDP GED) and the Armed Conflict Location Events Dataset (ACLED), including their relative strengths and weaknesses. The aim of the article is to provide readers with some guidelines as to when these datasets should be used and when they should be avoided; it finds that those interested in subnational analyses of conflict should be wary of ACLED’s data because of uneven quality-control issues which can result in biased findings if left unchecked by the researcher. The article concludes that those interested in non-violent events such as troop movements have only ACLED to choose from, since UCDP has not coded such data, but again warns researchers to be wary of the quality of the data. Finally, while the creation of these datasets is a positive development, some caveats are raised in relation to both datasets about the reliance on media sources.

  • 906.
    Ed, Max
    Swedish Defence University.
    Den mänskliga faktorns betydelse vid olyckor i militär verksamhet: En studie av mänskliga faktorer som medverkar till olyckors uppkomst i Försvarsmaktens verksamhet till sjöss2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has investigated factors that contribute to the rise of accidents in the Swedish Armed Forces. Through investigation of six accident reports human factors have been identified, classi-fied and compiled. The aim has been to seek answers to the question: Which human factors cause accidents in the Swedish Armed Forces' activities at sea?

    In the context of a case study the content of six accident reports, which were linked to the Swedish Armed Forces, was analysed. Documentary research was used to collect data. The analysis of collected accident reports was carried out with content analysis. A total of 134 human factors were identified in this study, compiled from 31 unique human factors. The results drawn from studying the survey concluded that human factors which appear most frequently in the accident reports are routine deviation, judgment, knowledge, sudden event development and communica-tion/information. The results also show that of all the 31 units of human factors identified, no single factor is represented in all accident reports. However, the human factors routine deviation, judgment, communication/information, education, job description and safeguard were repre-sented in five of six reports.

  • 907.
    Edberg, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Manöverkrigföring: en stagnerad eller utvecklad teori?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Maneuver warfare is a widely accepted term used in military theory. I have in this essay chosen to analyse and compare two operations that were based on maneuver warfare.

    In Germany’s invasion of France in 1940, Fall Gelb, maneuver theory was used as a base for the operation. It was the first time maneuver warfare was used in large scale to defeat an equal opponent.

    In the US led UN-coalitions invasion of Iraq in 1991, Desert Storm, maneuver warfare was once again the cornerstone in the planning of the operation.

     This essay is a comparative study based on qualitative text-analysis. Both operations are first described and then compared to one and other, and differences and similarities are shown.

    The results show that both Fall Gelb and Desert Storm were fought based on the theory of maneuver warfare, but that large differences exist between the two operations. The reasons for these differences are not shown in detail, but some theories are presented.

  • 908.
    Edelman, Robert
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Försvarsmakten - ett säkerhetspolitiskt instrument i marin miljö vid internationella kriser?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 909.
    Edelsvärd, Niklas
    Swedish National Defence College. FM.
    Svensk-finskt samarbete, en tröskel eller dörröppnare2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste årens försämrade omvärldsutveckling, har lett till ett ökat fokus på förmågeutvecklingen av det nationella försvaret. Samtidigt kommer en militär konflikt i vårt närområde kommer att påverka flera länder och därför bör bi- och multilaterala försvarssamarbeten förstärkas. Sverige har i den senaste regeringspropositionen från 2015 beskrivit vikten av ett samarbete med Finland, vilket även ska kunna omfatta hävdande av territoriell integritet. Sverige och Finlands propositioner beskriver hur respektive försvarsmakt ska utgöra en tröskel mot angrepp men hur framställs detta i politiska dokument? Syftet med studien är att kartlägga retoriska likheter och skillnader mellan Finland och Sverige i hur avskräckning beskrivs. Alliansfria småstaters nationella försvar har inte analyserats utifrån teorier om avskräckning utan denna teoribildning har ofta använts för att exempelvis studera större staters maktbalanser.

    Resultatet av studien visar att teorin är applicerbar för att karakterisera svenska och finska propositioner och rapporter. Sverige beskriver ett nationellt försvars som kan karakteriseras som tröskelhöjande och straffande medan Finland beskriver sitt nationella försvar som tröskelhöjande och förnekande.

  • 910.
    Edentoft, Patrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Eld och rörelse: en studie över motståndarens taktik i urban miljö2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fighting in an urban environment is very complex and is characterized by a changing environment and an opponent that can appear in all dimensions. The number of operations in this environment is assessed to increase in the future. The opponent has developed his tactics as an answer to the technology and the combat techniques that we are using. To train and educate our units, we use field manuals that describe a fictive opponent. It is presumed that this opponent is relevant and is behaving in an adequate manor. The purpose of this paper is to try out if the description of the opponent’s tactical behaviour in an urban environment that exists in our field manuals is reasonable. At first, definitions of the actions strike, move and protect are made with the purpose to create an analysis instrument. Thereafter, the opponent described in our field manuals and an opponent described in a selected assortment of literature, are studied and analysed. Finally, a comparative analysis is made between the two opponents with the purpose to identify the decisive differences and similarities between the two. The paper ends with a discussion about results and other factors that have an impact on the tactical behaviour of the opponent.

    The result shows that the opponent uses a mobile defence with small and light forces that uses hit and run tactics, concealed movement and fortified positions. Positioning is often done inside or in the vicinity of civilian objects. The investigation shows that the Swedish field manuals are describing the opponent in a sufficient way. However, some deeper tactical descriptions are missing. The basic actions of combat; strike, move and protect, can be used to make general tactical comparisons, but have to be complemented by most of all moral factors to create an understanding on why a particular tactics is used and how this tactics shall be answered.

  • 911.
    Edentoft, Patrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Operationskonst: en insikt om det unika med strategisk relevans2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When world and wars changes, can then the "traditional" operational art sustain? In this paper, operational principles defined from the Israeli operational art from past wars are applied to the Second Lebanon War, July 12 to Aug 14 2006. The aim is to describe and discuss the dynamics and conditions for the operational art. In theory, operational art is influenced by strategy, tactics and theory but also by a host of other subjective and objective factors. The survey highlights that the traditional Israeli operational principles were used in a various extent but only at the end of the war a "traditional" operational concept is identified. The results show that the basic conditions of operational principles must be fulfilled for the concept to be used and that there must be consistency between the strategic requirements and the limits and conditions that the subjective and objective factors sets. The survey also shows that changes in concepts require inputs from results, strategy and other factors. The strategic insight and understanding of its impact is crucial to whether military action is or becomes relevant. The value of Operational Art lies in its ability, in a tactical environment, to translate the strategic objective to an operational idea. This idea shall be based on an operational concept with principles that are uniquely suited for the current operation. The key is, under current conditions and with available resources, to dynamically balance and manage the affecting factors in current time and place to achieve the strategic objectives of the operation.

  • 912.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Carl Stridsberg2011In: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon Bd 33, Sparrgren-Ström / [ed] Åsa Karlsson, Stockholm: Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon , 2011, 1, p. 661-665Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 913.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Folkskolan och grundskolan2011In: Utbildningshistoria: en introduktion / [ed] Esbjörn Larsson och Johannes Westberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 103-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 914.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Menige mans humaniora: Läsebok för folkskolan 1868-19302010In: Utbildningens sociala och kulturella historia: Meddelanden från den fjärde nordiska utbildningshistoriska konferensen / [ed] Johannes Westberg och Esbjörn Larsson, Uppsala: Forskningsgruppen för utbildnings- och kultursociologi (SEC) , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 915.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Ruth Hemstad, Fra indian summer til nordisk vinter2010In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, no 2, p. 372-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 916.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Sveriges historia - 1800-talet2011In: Utbildningshistoria: en introduktion / [ed] Esbjörn Larsson och Johannes Westberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 34-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 917.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Traumakonstruktionen: Svensk historieskrivning om rikssprängningen 18092010In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 72, no 1, p. 9-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 918. Edgren, Henrik
    et al.
    Eriksson, FredrikSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.Thisner, FredrikSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 2011-20122013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 919.
    Edholm, Anders
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Tillgänglighet: genom medvetet arbete eller tur?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 920.
    Edin, Christoffer
    Swedish Defence University.
    Då krigssjukvård påverkar moralen, kan en förändrad syn på risk öka den militära förmågan?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Krigföringsförmågan i en försvarsmakt är bland annat beroende av en god anda. Under perioden 1990-2010 har det militära maktmedlet över den Svenska krigssjukvården minskat i takt med att dessa delar avvecklats. En uppgift vilken därmed måste lösas av den offentliga sjukvården. Tillgången till adekvat sjukvård i krig är alltjämt viktig för bibehållandet av moralen i förbanden, och därmed uppstår ett dilemma då ansvarsflytt skett från Försvarsmakten till, i huvudsak, landstingen, vars beslutsmekanismer inte nödvändigtvis är de samma såsom i Försvarsmakten. Dessutom minskar Försvarsmaktens inflytande över krigssjukvårdens utförande och inriktning. Genom att analysera de gällande riskhanteringsmodellerna för Försvarsmakten och Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting ur ett riskfilosofiskt perspektiv undersöker denna uppsats förutsättningarna att kompensera för denna ansvarsomfördelning. Risken för sjunkande moral kan anses uppstå såsom en konsekvens av överförandet av ansvar. Uppsatsen diskuterar även förslag på åtgärder vilka skulle kunna nyttjas för att undvika en nedgång i moral vid ett väpnat angrepp mot ett nutida Sverige

  • 921.
    Edin, Christoffer
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vad innebär begreppet tillgänglighet för personalen vilka arbetar med systemet JAS 39 Gripen?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Government has decided that the Swedish Armed Forces shall decrease the numbers of JAS 39C/D aircraft from 100 to 60 upgraded JAS 39E. With decreased numbers of aircraft, increased availability becomes more important. This was also pointed out by the Swedish Government in the appropriation bill to the Swedish Armed Forces for Fiscal Year 2017.

    Even though increased availability is clearly stated, there are uncertainties regarding how availability should be measured and what availability is. This thesis researches what the personnel working with the JAS 39 Gripen system believes availability is, and compares these answers between different groups of personnel within the Swedish Armed Forces as well as between the Swedish Armed Forces and the Swedish Defense Materiel Administration. This comparison aims to point out differences and similarities in order to create a more common view of the term availability and by this facilitate future availability increasing measures. Apart from this, a comparison is made regarding the term availability with other nations operating the JAS 39 Gripen system in order to research to which extent military culture affects the answers.

  • 922.
    Edin, Jörgen
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Sanningen finns alltid i betraktarens öga!: en analys av perception management i teorin och i praktiken2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 923.
    Edling, Per
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ubåtsjaktförmågans utveckling under 1980-talet: ett resultat av yttre hot eller interna intressen?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims to explain what where the driving forces behind the development of Swedish submarine hunting skills during the 1980s by studying the development from two different perspectives and ask which one of them has the best explanatory power. The approach is supported by two separate scientific explanations; rational actor and governmental politics, both of them taken from Graham Allison Essence of Decision. Allison supplies the researcher with a number of recommended questions to dwell upon when developing analytical networks to be drawn through the empirical study when creating a basis for answering the survey questions.

    The result of the study is that the rational actor perspective, in which the viewer assumes that Sweden was acting rationally when subjected to an underwater threat and thus developed her ASW-capability has good possibility to explain the course of events. Arguments that the governmental politics perspective, which assumes that it was the struggle for resources between the different Swedish armed services alone was the real driving force behind the development of the ASW-capability, have however not been found. Even if the perspectives are allowed to be complementary to each other no real impact from the internal power struggle perspective can be confirmed. Hence the driving force behind the development was the deliberate choices based on a will to preserve the national sovereignty.

  • 924.
    Edlund, Conny
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Interoperabilitet eller nationell särart: Underrätteslefunktionen i ett internationellt sammanhang2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska Försvarsmakten fattade 2004 beslut om att söka uppnå interoperabilitet med andra nationers försvarsmakter. Som gemensam nomenklatur för samarbetsformerna valdes, med bakgrund av att EU sökte samma lösning, att nyttja de standarder som fanns inom NATO. Den här uppsatsen undersöker i vilken utsträckning den svenska försvarsmakten på operativ nivå är interoperabel idag – tidigt 2010. En gränsöverskridande funktion har valts som undersökningsobjekt, underrättelsefunktionen. Den får åskådliggöra i vilken omfattning interoperabilitet uppnåtts utifrån NATO:s olika standarder. Utvecklingen betraktas utifrån en implementeringsteoretisk ansats kompletterad med ansatser om kunskapsöverföring och förändringsarbete.

     

    Undersökningen visar att implementeringen av interoperabilitet är förhållandevis långt gången och att det kvarvarande arbetet kan påskyndas och effektiviseras genom ansträngningar på områden såsom struktur avseende organisation och metoder, utbildning av personal samt ledarskap. 

  • 925.
    Edlund, Johannes
    Swedish Defence University.
    Manöverkrigföringens misslyckande: en fallstudie om manöverkrigföringens utnyttjande i andra Libanonkriget och första slaget om Fallujah2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Israel has been successful in the majority of the conflicts they participated in, but after the second Lebanon war against Hezbollah, the outcome was a loss. The United States Marine Corps have achieved many victories throughout history. However, during operation "Vigilant Resolve" in Fallujah, Iraq, the result was a loss when the Marine Corps failed to seize the city.

    How can regular armed forces have such difficulties to achieve military success against irregular armed forces, despite its technological and numerical superiority? The aim in this paper is to see if another possible explanation to the difficulties lies in insufficient use of manoeuvre warfare.

    The paper examines two negative cases. The examination takes place with the analysis of open written documents of a mainly descriptive nature. 

    Both Israel and the United States Marine Corps used manoeuvre warfare, but inadequately. With that said, it is not clear that the loss of operations can be explained entirely by insufficient use of manoeuvre warfare. It is close to the assertion that inadequate use of manoeuvre warfare can to some extent explain the loss.

  • 926.
    Ednersson, Camilla
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Vad är det för fel på att bara lyda order?: En undersökning om implementeringen av värdegrund på Livgardet2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 927.
    Edstein, Robert
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Manöverkrigföring: använde sig Israel av manöverkrigföring och i så fall var det en av framgångsfaktorerna för Israel i sexdagarskriget?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 928.
    Edström, Carl-Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Hur konkurrenskraftig är JAS 39 Gripen?: JAS 39C/D-systemets användbarhet i Irregular Warfare2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The character of wars has changed throughout history. The proportion of conventional wars forthe last 25 years has constituted for less than a tenth of the total number of armed conflicts inthe world. A concept that includes, but is not limited to terrorism, insurgency, counterterrorismand counterinsurgency is irregular warfare. The combined military effort that Swedish unitsmay perform in the future will in part be in conflicts that have the form of irregular warfare.The purpose of this essay is to examine the utility of the JAS 39C/D system in irregularwarfare from a capability perspective and to see what can be developed in order to increase theutility. In order to achieve the purpose of the essay a theoretical structure and method based ona business concept called affärsidésynsättet has been used. This theory is normally used toestimate the effectiveness in companies and organisations. Using this theoretical structure andmethod an analyze of the JAS 39C/D system’s utility in irregular warfare has been made.The conclusion of the essay shows that the utility of the JAS 39C/D system in irregularwarfare is good. The JAS 39C/D system has most of the abilities requested from fighteraircraft in irregular warfare but there are deficiencies in form of meagre weapon load, shortloitering time without air-to-air refueling and lack of link-system for aeroplanes and sensors.Resources like exercises and education partly support the abilities requested. In the formalfighter pilot training more education supporting the requested abilities is needed.Collaboration and training with equal army officers should be introduced in the fighter pilottraining. In order to achieve and maintain the ability of air-to-air refueling more exercise andeducation is needed.

  • 929.
    Edström, Carl-Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    JAS 39C - markförbandens nye rotekamrat?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Facing a transformation of the armed forces both individual units and the organization will be confrontedwith new tasks and challenges. For the air force this could cause some problems due to the fact that it oftentakes some time from decision to implementation of new weapons and technical systems. This is not thecase with political objectives; they can change from one defense decision to another. When the politicalaim and direction regarding the air force capacity for global operations now also includes the ability tosupport the Nordic Battle Group, do the air force and the JAS 39C have the right means to carry out CloseAir Support in modern international conflicts?The purpose of this essay is to analyze if JAS 39C with its weapon-, sensor-, and communication systemscomply with the modern demands on a fighter aircraft carrying out Close Air Support in international operations.With the support of an analytical framework containing theories, doctrines and modern experiencesboth the requirements that lay the foundation for an effective accomplishment of Close Air Supportand a specific analytical instrument has been identified. The analytical instrument was thereafter used toanalyze JAS 39C and its ability to carry out Close Air Support.The results of the analysis show that JAS 39C, technically and materially, in all likelihood will be able tocarry out Close air support as early as 2008. Its strength being the ability to carry out precision engagementstogether with a high responsiveness and its weakness consisting in the lack of all-weather capacity.The results furthermore indicates that the foundation for an effective accomplishment of Close Air Supportcan be found within both moral related pre-conditions as well as conceptual or purely physical preconditions.A solution only focused on fulfilling physical pre-conditions may therefore risk that the combinedeffect and the effectiveness of a future Close Air Support mission will not reach the desired level.

  • 930.
    Edström, Håkan
    Forsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    Approaching Comprehensiveness: Two grand strategic options and some of their consequences2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 931.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört). Uppsala universitet.
    Bok om akademiseringen borde inte ha getts ut2012In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 168-171Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 932.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Efter EU-medlemskapet: nya linjer i svensk utrikespolitik?2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 497-527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After the EU Membership – New Strategies in Swedish Foreign Politics?After becoming a member of the EU in 1995 Sweden has been governed by theSocial Democrats (1995–2006) and by a Centre-Right coalition (2006–2014) led bythe Moderate Party. Has the EU-membership conserved the tradition of consensusamongst the political parties regarding the foreign policy or has it provided anew platform allowing the parties to express their different ideological preferencesalso in this field of politics? The aim of this article is to shed light on the foreignpolicy of the Social Democrats and the Moderate Party 1995–2014. By analyzing thedebates in the Swedish parliament, Riksdagen, it is concluded that the two partieshave similar strategies regarding the means and the ways of the foreign policy butdifferent approach regarding the views on the international settings and the endsof the policy. A potential explanation to the findings is the resurrection of Realismin the Moderate Party’s approach.

  • 933.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Förord2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 407-409Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 934.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Försvarsberedningens dilemma: Konsekvens eller konsensus?2015In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, Vol. 2, p. 6-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the Swedish parliamentary body responsible for conducting analysis on global developments and preparing the formulation of Swedish security and defence policy, försvarsberedningen (English: The Defence Committee), is explored. The aim of the article is to evaluate whether or not the functioning of the Committee in fulfilling these two tasks influences the political guidance of the Armed Forces in terms of strategy. The conclusion referring to the former task is that the Committee lacks a methodology and hence tends to have difficulties in predicting important events such as the Russian interventions in Georgia and Ukraine. The conclusion referring to the latter task is that the Committee has been successful in establishing a consensus amongst the political parties represented in the Swedish parliament, riksdagen. Even if this consensus has been weak, it has been broad enough to reach a parliamentary majority supporting the policy despite long periods of minority cabinets. Altogether, the performance of the Committee provides no support in directing the Armed Forces with strategies.

  • 935.
    Edström, Håkan
    Maastricht University.
    Global Trends in 20252008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 936.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Gömd eller glömd?: realism i den svenska riksdagsdebatten2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 529-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hidden or Forgotten? – Realism in the Swedish Parliamentary DebateThe spoken word of politicians creates expectations for subsequent action. Thelanguage used when formulating security, foreign and defense policies can thusprovide an indication what measures the politicians are prepared to take in orderto promote their national interests. In international relations theory the use offorce is primarily associated with realism. The use of realist concepts in the politicalcommunication could thus serve as an indicator of the politicians’ views on the useof force. In this article the use of realism in the parliamentary debate in Sweden isexplored. The findings indicate differences between the political parties as well asbetween the topics of the debate.

  • 937.
    Edström, Håkan
    Umeå universitet.
    Hur styrs Försvarsmakten?: Politisk och militär syn på försvarsdoktrin under 1990-talet2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 938.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Introduction to a strategic challenge2009In: Approaching Comprehensiveness: Two grand strategic options and some of their consequences / [ed] Håkan Edström, Oslo: Institutt for Forsvarsstudier , 2009, p. 5-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 939.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Med alla till buds stående metoder?: Strategi i den politiska styrningen av Försvarsmakten2015In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, Vol. 1, p. 15-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Members of all political parties represented in the Swedish Parliament have during the past decades repeatedly stressed the necessity of directing military activities by using strategies. When focus in now shifting from participating in international military operations far from Sweden to addressing security challenges in Sweden's neighbourhood the needs for a new military strategy is obvious. The aim of this article is to explore whether potential shortcomings in the decisionsmaking process regarding the Swedish security and defence policy can explain why the Government does not seem to guide the Armed Forces with strategies.

  • 940.
    Edström, Håkan
    Forsvarets høgskole, Oslo, Norway.
    Militær underkastelse eller implimentering med motstand?: norsk militærprofesjon i endring2010In: Uniformitet eller Mangfold? / [ed] Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde, Janne Haaland Matlary, Abstrakt forlag, 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 941.
    Edström, Håkan
    Forsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    National Interests and Comprehensive Approach2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 942.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    National interests and the use of military power2009In: Approaching Comprehensiveness: Two grand strategic options and some of their consequences / [ed] Håkan Edström, Oslo: Institutt for Forsvarsstudier , 2009, p. 41-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 943. Edström, Håkan
    NATO at 60: Challenges Ahead – Implications for Norway: Conference Proceedings from the 10th Military Seminar2009Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 944.
    Edström, Håkan
    Forsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    Norwegian Perspectives on Comprehensive Approach2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 945.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Other aspects of the strategic choice: an initial outlook2009In: Approaching Comprehensiveness: Two grand strategic options and some of their consequences / [ed] Håkan Edström, Oslo: Institutt for Forsvarsstudier , 2009, p. 127-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 946.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Sammanfattning och förslag till fortsättning2008In: Norsk-svenskt försvarssamarbete i en ny tid / [ed] Håkan Edström & Magnus Petersson, Oslo: Institutt for forsvarsstudier , 2008, p. 117-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 947.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört). Forsvarets høgskole, Oslo, Norway.
    Självbild, samhälleliga förväntningar eller statligt tvång?2009In: Krigerkultur i en fredsnasjon: norsk militær profesjon i endring / [ed] Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde, Janne Haaland Matlary, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2009, p. 72-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 948.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Slutord2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 643-645Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 949.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Stat, Säkerhet, Trygghet, Värden och Intressen2008In: Norsk-svenskt försvarssamarbete i en ny tid / [ed] Håkan Edström & Magnus Petersson, Oslo: Institutt for Forsvarsstudier , 2008, p. 43-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 950.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Statsvetenskap och krig: forskning i en osäker tid2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
16171819202122 901 - 950 of 5401
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