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  • 5201.
    Åselius, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Carl XII:s nederlag i Ryssland: strategi, operationer och taktik2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5202.
    Åselius, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Swedish Grand Strategy and Foreign Policy, 1697-17212018In: Charles XII: Warrior King / [ed] Hattendorf, John B; Karlsson, Åsa; Lacy-Bruijn, Margriet; Veenendaal, Augustus J.; van Hövell tot Westerflier, Rolof, Rotterdam: Karwansaray Publishers , 2018, 1, p. 70-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5203.
    Åström, Rickard
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Syftet med svenskt deltagande med väpnad trupp i internationella fredsfrämjande insatser - har regeringens argumentation förändrats?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5204. Åström, S.
    et al.
    Wilde, B.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Ljungquist, M.
    Johansson, J.
    Wiklund, B.
    Sjuksköterskans roll i kommunal hälso- och sjukvård: erfarenheter av sjuksköterskor integrerade i vårdlag vid servicehus och som personalledare vid gruppboende1997Report (Other academic)
  • 5205.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Begreppslogistik och mönsterförståelse2009In: Tankar om fälttåg / [ed] Peter Ahlström & Ulf Högström, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2009, p. 219-231Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5206.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Enduring war: Heroes’ Acre, ‘the empty throne’, and the politics of disappearance2016In: Critical Military Studies, ISSN 2333-7486, E-ISSN 2333-7494, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 155-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    War memorials are a common and often controversial part of the commemoration of past wars. In order to better grasp their importance for the way war endures below the surface of peace, this article stages an ethnographic encounter with a Namibian monument: Heroes’ Acre. The memorial embodies the official Namibian narrative on past wars by emphasizing a nationalist and quasi-religious symbolism, a framing that has been challenged by a number of writers pointing to the need for going beyond the state discourse. This article complements and complicates the way Heroes’ Acre appears in discourse by focusing on the interstices and absences at the site. By drawing upon my own visit to the monument as well as theoretical engagements, most notably Georgio Agamben’s discussion of ‘the empty throne’, I read Heroes’ Acre as a place where political power functions through emptiness, as it allows the future of war to endure in the present. Engaging particularly with the empty graveyard at the site, I argue that its emptiness needs to be understood as a guarantee for war – not in case it occurs – but as a ready-made symbol of glory, always virtually there, waiting to be fulfilled.

  • 5207.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Forget Clausewitz2014In: The International Journal of Baudrillard Studies, ISSN 1705-6411, E-ISSN 1705-6411, Vol. 11, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The modern study of war originates in many ways in Carl von Clausewitz classic On War. One of Clausewitz most influential positions is the idea that war is political, summed up in the statement that ‘war is the continuation of politics by other means.’ Traditional approaches to war often draw on this idea to outline how tactics and operations work as means to strategic and political ends. Critical approaches on the other hand, have instead invoked Michel Foucault’s idea that ‘politics is the continuation of war by other means,’ enabling an understanding for how politics relate to a struggle of life and death. This paper outlines a critique of both ideas by drawing on Jean Baudrillard’s discussion of the Gulf-war. It argues that taking the link between war and politics for granted produces a reality which in many ways reflects and reifies war as a mode of politics, or politics as a mode of war. The text ends by arguing that if we are to think war seriously and critically we need to think it beyond politics, and a starting point to do so is to forget Clausewitz.

  • 5208.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Introduction: Baudrillard and War2014In: The International Journal of Baudrillard Studies, ISSN 1705-6411, E-ISSN 1705-6411, Vol. 11, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5209.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Japanese warrior transformation: bushido as the continuation of death by other means2016In: Transforming warriors: the ritual organization of military force / [ed] Peter Haldén & Peter Jackson, New York: Routledge, 2016, p. 109-125Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5210.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Krigspropaganda i kejsardömet: Japan utbildar sina sjöofficerare för erövringskrig2014In: Krigspropaganda: från 1914 till idag / [ed] Anders Frankson & Andreas Nyberg, Sundbyberg: Semic , 2014, p. 36-46Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5211.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Krigsvetenskaplig årsbok 20072008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5212.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Air Operations Section.
    Suicide, the only politically worthy act2016In: Narrative Global Politics: Theory, history and the personal in international relations / [ed] Elizabeth Dauphinee, Naeem Inayatullah, London: Routledge, 2016, first, p. 191-199Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5213.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    The Disappearance of the Face: Servility and Social media2013In: The International Journal of Baudrillard Studies, ISSN 1705-6411, E-ISSN 1705-6411, Vol. 10, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5214.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Air Operations Section.
    Violent Fragments2015In: Journal of Narrative Politics, ISSN 2368-2507, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 150-152Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5215.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Air Operations Section.
    War, transparency and control: the military architecture of operational warfare2016In: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, ISSN 0955-7571, E-ISSN 1474-449X, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 1132-1149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary research, transparency is commonly understood to indicate and guarantee openness, in ways that make it synonymous with positive characteristics of governing. However, the allegedly benevolent link between transparency and governing has also been questioned, giving rise to arguments that transparency enables violent social control. Drawing upon this latter view, the article stages an encounter between critical debates on transparency and critical accounts of war to examine the way that they come together in the operationalization of warfare. Engaging particularly with Jean Baudrillard’s writing on transparency, the article inquires into the way control is socially manufactured and administered through military doctrines. It concludes that the operationalization of warfare is not, as many tend to argue, first and foremost about a response to practical problems when conducting wars. Rather, it consists of the potential to unveil global space and global time as an attempt to maintain and control future political becoming

  • 5216.
    Öberg, Rebecka
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Deciphering National Identity: - a discourse analysis of India's foreign policy behaviour during the 2014 Crimean crisis2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study builds on the idea that discourses have the power to show that national identity did influence the puzzling foreign policy behaviour of India in March 2014 during the Crimean crisis. When analysing the material and illustrating the identified discourses, discourse- theorists Laclau and Mouffe’s framework is used both as theory and method. Discourse analysis has its starting point in the idea that the reality is accessed by the means of language. The use of Laclau and Mouffe’s discursive framework is motivated by the fact that it aims to create an understanding of the social phenomena in question (e.g. the Indian puzzling foreign policy behaviour) by applying discourse analytical tools on texts. Moreover, discourse analysis claims that identities are the result of discursive processes and that political articulation, e.g. foreign policy behaviour, creates the society; ideas that goes well with this paper. Since language is “structured discourses” and because it creates the world which we live in, it is possible to turn to the use of language when conducting a discourse analysis. To decipher which discourses that evolved around the Crimean crisis in March 2014, and to make the connection between national identity and foreign policy behaviour, articles from the three most read Indian newspapers in English are used as material. These articles are triangulated with statements published during 2014 on the homepage of the Indian Ministry of External Affairs. This paper tells a rather alternative story compared to that of interest- and power based explanations with roots in realism, since it emphasises that national identity influences foreign policy behaviour. The analysis concludes that two discourses can be deciphered in the material, namely Democracy and Multipolarity, which thus can be seen as elements of Indian national identity. These two discourses imply that the Indian national identity can explain its puzzling foreign policy behaviour in the Crimean crisis in March 2014. 

  • 5217.
    Öberg, Rebecka
    Swedish National Defence College.
    "KRIS": en begreppshistorisk analys utifrån ett Nato-perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie tar avstamp i begreppet kris, då dess komplexitet och mångtydighet gör det

    intressant att studera utifrån en begreppshistorisk ansats. För begreppets fortlevnad har det

    historiskt sett utvidgats till att inrymma flera bakomliggande meningar som passar den

    aktuella verkligheten. Syftet med studien är således att urskilja hur begreppet kris förändrats

    utifrån Natos konceptdokument under årtalen 1968, 1991, 1999 samt 2010 med hjälp av

    begreppshistorisk teori och metod. Reinhart Koselleck är en av begreppshistoriens urfäder

    vilket gör att hans teoretiska ramverk samt metod fungerar som verktyg vid illustrerandet av

    den begreppsliga förändringsprocessen. Dessutom tillmötesgår den begreppshistoriska

    metoden det spontana intresset för språk och ordbetydelser, varför den bedöms vara som

    given för denna uppsats. Materialet som ligger till grund för denna begreppshistoriska analys

    består av fyra strategiska konceptdokument från Nato. Att studien genomförs utifrån ett Nato-

    perspektiv beror på att ett av alliansens huvudsyften är att hantera kriser av varierande grad.

    Dessutom fokuserar Natos konceptdokument på aktuella hot och utmaningar i vilka den

    begreppsliga förändringsprocessen kan skönjas. De slutsatser som presenteras är att

    begreppet kris förändrats i och med alla de nya hot och risker vilka återfinns som

    konsekvenser av bland annat globaliseringen och den teknologiska utvecklingen. Den

    begreppsliga förändringen tar sig uttryck i att det utvidgats till att innehålla fler

    bakomliggande meningar, såsom exempelvis cyberattack och klimatförändringar.

  • 5218.
    Öberg, Viktor
    Swedish Defence University.
    Biddle, The Afghan model och rebellernas skicklighet i Operation unified protector2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The 2001 campaign in Afghanistan where precision airpower and special operation forces alongside indigenous allies were used to topple the Talibans has brought debaters to argue whether it was a revolution of warfare or a fluke. Stephen Biddle has argued that this Afghan Model is deeply dependent on the indigenous ally being at least as skilled as its enemy.

    Ten years later, a similar concept was used in Libya to overthrow the Gaddafi-regime. This paper examines and compares the skill of the rebels and the regime forces fighting on the ground in Libya, in order to test Biddle’s Afghan Model theory. Hence, the purpose for this study is to broaden the understanding as to when and how often the Afghan Model may be used.

    Initially, rebels demonstrated low levels of tactical skill in comparison to regime forces. However, rebels gradually improved their skills and by the end of the fighting, months later the skill gap had been reduced considerably. Without drawing a definite conclusion, the analysis indicates, that skill of the indigenous ally in order for the Afghan Model to work is of importance, however not to the same degree as presented by Biddle.

  • 5219. Öberg, Dan
    Requiem for the battlefield2018In: The disorder of things websiteArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5220.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Air Operations Section.
    Warfare as design: Transgressive creativity and reductive operational planning2018In: Security Dialogue, ISSN 0967-0106, E-ISSN 1460-3640, Vol. 49, no 6, p. 493-509Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that the politics of contemporary Western warfare finds an important reference point in discourses on military design. In the 2010s, military design has become a trending topic in military discourses on command and planning methodology. Since Clausewitz, warfare has been considered a phenomenon characterized by a tension between creativity and linear planning, and the ideal commander as someone with the vision to overcome this. By mapping and analyzing tactical, operational, and strategic narratives and practices, the article illustrates how they emphasize a warfare based both on experimentation and artistry and on traditional operational planning. In so doing, military design relies on reductive military concepts to push the tension identified by Clausewitz towards its extreme end-point, idealizing creativity as an objective of warfare. The article ends by asking to what extent military design risks spilling over into other dimensions of social and political life. It concludes that in pushing creativity as part of war, military design builds on and justifies transgressive political practices with the risk of becoming a vital aspect of future governing.

  • 5221.
    Ödeen, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Akademiserad officersutbildning - mål eller medel?2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to a decision taken by the supreme commander of the Swedisharmed forces 17 Jan 2001 all future education of personnel shall be subjectedto the rules and regulations lined out by the National Agency for HigherEducation in Sweden. I have tried to find out the level of knowledge regardingacademic methods of education in the Swedish armed forces today. I have alsotried to form a overall picture of how the decision by the supreme commanderhas been received in the force. My essay is a qualitative examination with themain focus on an inquiry where I have conducted in-depth interviews withpersonnel from different levels of the force. In addition to my primary data Ihave supplemented secondary data mainly to create background andinternational comparison. In my essay I have three main questions; how do theparticipants (in the inquiry) position themselves in regards of the trend towardsacademic education, and how do they state reasons for their position? Have allthe participants the same comprehension regarding what academic educationactually implies? From an historical perspective how do the participantsexperience the forces handling of matters like theory of sciences and researchbefore the supreme commander decision 17 Jan 2001? I have in my essay cometo the conclusion that the general comprehension of academic education is inits favour. However positive the attitude there is some matters of concern thatis shared by many of the respondents. There is an widespread uncertaintyconcerning the implementation of academic education. There is also a generalimpression amongst the respondents that we in Sweden were a lot moreacademic in our perspectives before the cold war.

  • 5222.
    Ödman, Jan W.
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Markus-minne: "ett konceptförslag till registerings- och utvärderingsfunktion i det framtida soldatkonceptet MARKUS"2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5223.
    Öfjäll, Pär
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Svensk militär rymdförmåga2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5224.
    Öfverholm, Ragnar
    Swedish Defence University.
    Svensk Underrättelsetjänst inom COIN2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att titta på hur det svenska underrättelsereglementet från 2010 förhåller sig till kontemporära COIN teorier i en internationell miljö. Sverige saknar en egen COIN doktrin och nyttjar idag den amerikanska doktrinen FM 3-24 samtidigt som ett arbete sker för att anpassa reglementen mot NATO doktriner för ökad interoperabilitet. Undersölningen jämför därför FM UndR med underrättelsedoktriner samt COIN doktriner från USA och NATO. Uppsatsen utgår från David Kilcullens COIN teorier för underrättelsetjänst vilka operationaliserats i ett analysverktyg som anlagts på empirin.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att det svenska underrättelsereglementet har stora brister kopplat till det perspektiv som förespråkas inom COIN-sfären. Trots detta finns stora likheter till både amerikanska så väl som NATO doktrinerna 2.0 vilka rör underrättelsetjänst. Med detta som bakgrund kan slutsatsen dras att FM UndR utgör en tillräcklig grund för att svensk underrättelse personal ska kunna tillgodogöra sig av både amerikanska och NATO COIN doktrinerna.

  • 5225.
    Öhlund, Robert
    Swedish Defence University.
    Demokratiska krigsbrott: En studie av tyska krigsfångar i franska och amerikanska händer2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I studien kommer jag analysera skillnaden mellan norm och praxis i implementerandet av Genevekonventionen från 1929. Genom en fallstudie av två västerländska, demokratiska stater med samma norm, det vill säga 1929 års Genèvekonvention vill jag studera deras behandling, det vill säga praxis, av tyska krigsfångar från den 11 maj 1942 fram till Västtysklands grundande, den 23 maj 1949.

    Metoden jag har använt mig av i mitt arbete är en kvalitativ fallstudie, med utgångspunkt i tidigare intervjuer, rapporter och litteratur. I fallstudien kommer behandlingen av de tyska krigsfångarna att undersökas för att se hur Frankrike och USA implementerade Genèvekonventionen i praktiken.

    Därefter kommer resultatet att analyseras med hjälp av Zygmunt Baumans teorier. Bauman är en professor i sociologi som analyserat sambandet mellan moderniteten och förintelsen. Dessa teorier kommer att användas för att förklara och redogöra de bakomliggande orsakerna till varför det uppstår en skillnad mellan norm och praxis hos upplysta och demokratiska stater, när dessa stater ska implementera folkrätten vid behandlingen av krigsfångar.Bauman menar att västerlandet sen upplysningen har haft en stark strävan efter att uppnå rutiner och ett slags beteendemönster. Genom att normalisera upplevda händelser kan de lättare förstås och förklaras. Genom att applicera samma resonemang på våldsanvändningen vid behandlingen av krigsfångar skulle det kunna innebära ett kontinuerligt och fortlöpande övergrepp. Våldet skulle ha sin grund i att det blivit en vana, en rutin och således någonting man förväntar sig. Förutom rutinen talar Bauman om auktoriseringen och avhumanseringens som viktiga förutsättningar för våld och övergrepp.

    När Tyskland kapitulerade våren den 7 maj 1945 togs miljontals tyska soldater till fånga av de allierade. Fångarna samlades ihop i olika typer av koncentrations och fångläger. Syftet med mitt arbete blir att inledningsvis undersöka om de franska och amerikanska trupperna gjorde sig skyldiga till krigsbrott i och med hanterandet av tyska krigsfångar, under och efter andra världskriget.

  • 5226.
    Öhman, Anna
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Baksidan med de fredsbevarande operationerna: En feministisk studie av orsakerna bakom sexuell exploatering2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5227.
    Öhman, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Fysisk träning: förståelse och planering2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5228.
    Öhrn, Erik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Teknikens påverkan på taktikutvecklingen inom de marina stridskrafterna - ett försök till teori2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka teoribildningen kring teknik- och taktikutvecklingens inbördes påverkan och beroende i utvecklingen av moderna marina system. Undersökningen skall ge förslag på hur den kausala samverkan från teknik till taktik kan förklaras för de två utvalda typfallen, och därigenom bidra till formuleringen av en teori för sambandet. Eftersom teoribildningen inom området präglas av mestadels oproblematiska empiriska beskrivningar av sambandet har författaren närmat sig problemet genom att formulera ett antal hypoteser som prövas mot två utvalda fall hämtade från den svenska marinen.

    Studien visar att inte bara storleken på den nya teknik som implementeras inverkar på dess förmåga att påverka taktiken, utan även organisatoriska förutsättningar för att bedriva en medveten taktikutveckling samt karaktäristiken på den taktik inom vilken den nya tekniken implementeras. För undersökningen har författaren skapat ett

  • 5229.
    Öhrstedt, Per
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Marin luftvärnsrobot i internationell miljö: automatik eller kontrollerbarhet vad är att föredra?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5230.
    Öhrström, Olof
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Taktisk laserkommunikation mellan fartyg2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5231.
    Ölund, Richard
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vilken faktor leder till att överraskning uppnås på en taktisk nivå?: En teoriprövande fallstudie på slaget vid Golanhöjderna och anfallet av Narviks hamn2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The principles of war are considered timeless and are described differently depending which scholar is studied. The purpose of the thesis is to further the discussion on the principles. This thesis focuses on surprise and conducts a case study with a theoretical framework based on Basil Liddell Hart and Jim Storr to examine if the framework can explain what factor was the most contributing for achieving surprise in the cases of the battle at Golan heights 1973 and the assault on the port of Narvik 1940.

    The results show that movement is the most contributing factor, but can be critiqued because of the dilemma posed by surprise. It can only be proven that surprise have been successfully achieved after knowing the outcome. The results also argues that the principles of war are based on previous observations and will therefore be able to explain the outcome of most events that take place within the realm of contemporary military theory.

  • 5232.
    Öman, Jesper
    Swedish Defence University.
    Sovjetunionen och Galula: Sovjetunionens invasion av Afghanistan 1979-19892012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Begreppet Counterinsurgency har fått stor uppmärksamhet, speciellt efter NATOs operationer i Afghanistan och Irak. Sedan den svenska Försvarsmakten ingått som medlem i NATOsamarbetet PFP (Partnership for Peace) är även Sverige sedan en tid tillbaka involverade i konflikten i Afghanistan. Mycket av det doktrinära arbetet i länder, involverade i dessa konflikter, har varit inriktat mot irreguljära konflikter och Counterinsurgency-operationer. Stora mängder forskning görs inom ämnet bland annat av den franska COIN-teoretikern David Galula. Galula utkom 1964 med sin bok Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice, och är internationellt erkänd som ett av de stora namnen inom COIN-teorin. Den sovjetiska invasionen av Afghanistan är en av modern tids största militära operationer. Stora delar av de moderna COIN-teorierna kan tillämpas på konflikten, både ur en analyssynpunkt samt ett lessons learned perspektiv. Konflikten, tillsammans med Vietnam gav ett nyvaknande inom COIN i västvärlden.

    Metoden som använts är en kvalitativ historisk textanalys.

    Resultatet visar att de sovjetiska metoderna och de sovjetiska enheterna hade bristande förmåga att anpassa sig till en ny typ av uppror, och att bara delar av Galulas teorier går att spåra i de sovjetiska metoderna, ibland i en annan tillämpning än vad Galula rekommenderar.

  • 5233.
    Öqvist, Anders
    Swedish Defence University.
    Värdering av den militära nyttan hos obemannade markfarkoster som stödjer förband som strider till fots2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Historically, soldiers on foot have carried their personal equipment. Other equipment that the soldier needed was often transported in wagons drawn by different beasts of burden. As the high operational tempo, and above all, forward speed has increased, the need to carry all necessary equipment also has grown. And, as new systems have been added, the load to carry for the individual soldier has thus increased.

    The survey has been conducted as a comparative study of different types of unmanned ground vehicles, so-called UGV systems, by analyzing their possibilities and limitations based on the requirements of the scenario and also the requirements by the military user in solving a specific tactical task. The criteria for comparison have been developed from the scenario using the concept of military utility, developed by Andersson et al. (2015).

    The study concludes that the military benefits connected to the UGV systems are that the individual mobility and endurance of the soldiers increases, and that the risk of injuries from carrying heavy loads decreases. A soldier not exhausted from carrying heavy loads has a higher combat preparedness and acts with greater focus. The operational mobility and endurance of the unit also increases and, depending on which UGV systems are used, different degrees of military benefit are to be found.

  • 5234. Öqvist, Anders
    Värdering av personburna soldatigenkänningssystem, så kallade Combat Identification Systems (CID), avsedda att förebygga vådabekämpning i urban miljö2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since long ago different methods have been used in order to recognize or identify own units. Most often the methods consisted of different symbols and signs placed on banners, flags, uniforms and so on. Today several different technical systems for recognition and identification of own units, so called Combat Identification (CID), are entering service. The systems show more or less complexity in their construction, hold advantages as well as disadvantages and thus contribute in varying degree to the ability to successfully carry out CID. 

    The purpose of this essay is to compare different CID-systems designed for ground soldiers, in order to increase the knowledge of what military utility the different systems may have in terms of reducing the risk of friendly fire when a unit is deployed in an urban environment.

    When comparing the different systems it is clearly that CID-systems only give military utility when a unit has a task where the battle progress is slow, such as surveillance. The CID-system that especially excels when used in surveillance is the TIR-systems.

  • 5235.
    Örming, Lovisa
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Drone strikes and the spread of al-Qaeda: Process tracing from Pakistan to Yemen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV) or drones have in recent years become the modus operandi of US counterterrorism strategy to eliminate sought out terrorists.Since the initiation of systematic drone strikes in Pakistan 2004, their use has increased andalso expanded into other countries. In 2012 Yemen experienced equal levels of strikes asPakistan. Thirteen years have passed since the “war on terror” began and although Osama bin Laden has been killed, al-Qaeda still prevails and might be expanding. This study examines apossible spread of al-Qaeda from Pakistan to Yemen, since the initiation of drone strikes, byprocess tracing. Building on the literature of al-Qaeda, counterterrorism and UCAV, the aimhas been to analyze drone strikes affect on terrorism by tracing al-Qaeda’s development.Findings suggest there are indications of a spread from al-Qaeda in Pakistan to Yemen,although further research is required to confirm uncertainties in the material.

  • 5236.
    Örming, Lovisa
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Drone strikes and the spread of al-Qaeda: Process tracing from Pakistan to Yemen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV) or drones have in recent yearsbecome the modus operandi of US counterterrorism strategy to eliminate sought out terrorists.Since the initiation of systematic drone strikes in Pakistan 2004, their use has increased andalso expanded into other countries. In 2012 Yemen experienced equal levels of strikes asPakistan. Thirteen years have passed since the “war on terror” began and although Osama binLaden has been killed, al-Qaeda still prevails and might be expanding. This study examines apossible spread of al-Qaeda from Pakistan to Yemen, since the initiation of drone strikes, byprocess tracing. Building on the literature of al-Qaeda, counterterrorism and UCAV, the aimhas been to analyze drone strikes affect on terrorism by tracing al-Qaeda’s development.Findings suggest there are indications of a spread from al-Qaeda in Pakistan to Yemen,although further research is required to confirm uncertainties in the material.

  • 5237.
    Örming, Lovisa
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Drönarattackers effekt på terrorism: fallet Pakistan2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The United States use of Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV) or drones for targeted killings of terrorists has been on the rise in recent years and the method has become the core element of president Obamas strategy in the war against terror. This study examines the deterrent effect of targeted killings on terrorism using UCAV/drones as a method of counterterrorism. Building on the literature on counterterrorism, UCAV, targeted killings, deterrence theory and statistics on terrorism the study provides a case study of the CIA drone operations in Pakistan between the years 2004-2010. The goal has been to analyze drone operations and the extent of terrorism from the beginning of the drone campaign until 2010. This as a means of identifying possible trends in terrorism activity due to the occurrence of drone strikes. Findings suggest that the possibility of a deterrent effect is far from evident and that there are some indications of increased terrorism.

  • 5238.
    Örnjäger, Malin
    Swedish Defence University.
    Svens krisberedskap: och förväntningar på samverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skogsbranden i Västmanland 2014 utvecklades till en samhällstörning som ställde höga krav på det svenska krisberedskapssystemet. Ett stort antal samhällsaktörer var involverade i insatsen som i efterhand har blivit föremål för granskning på flera håll. Insatsen har kritiserats bland annat för bristande samverkan och effektivitetsproblem. Den här studien undersöker varför insatsen drabbades av effektivitetsproblem och huruvida krisberedskapssystemets utformning påverkade. Med hjälp av teorin om byråpolitik som berör konkurrens mellan samverkanspartners har insatsen analyserats genom rapporter och utredningar. Utifrån det teoretiska ramverket har intressekonflikter, beslutsmandat och implementeringseffekter analyserats. Resultatet av analysen visar att effektivitetsproblem kan spåras till krisberedskapssystemets struktur. Studien menar vidare att styrande principer, ansvars-, likhets-, närhetsprincipen samt det geografiska områdesansvaret, i systemet bidrog till att en byråpolitisk beslutsstruktur uppstod vilket hämmade insatsens effektivitet. Därmed föreslås också att de förväntningar som krisberedskapssystemet etablerar på aktörer gällande samordning och samverkan kompletteras med en tillsynsfunktion.

  • 5239. Örtenwall, Per
    et al.
    Almgren, Ola
    Deverell, Edward
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    The Bomb Explosion in Myyrmanni, Finland 20022003In: International Journal of Disaster Medicine, ISSN 1503-1438, E-ISSN 1755-4713, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 120-126Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5240.
    Östbring, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Doktrin - Prövad kunskap?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Doctrine is one of the foundations of a nation’s war fighting capability and, in this respect,should be seen as normative guidelines for the present and immediate future. As such,doctrine provides military commanders with a tool to manage situations, which wouldotherwise be seen as extremely stressful and impossible to deal with. For this to be the case,doctrine must be built on relevant information based on an analysis of the world around usand the experiences of armed forces on live operations, but also on experiences linked toexercise activities and a nation’s history and circumstances.Thus doctrine should be seen as knowledge-based guidelines for action. Is this actually thecase? Doctrine claims to be based on tried and tested knowledge. Is this wishful thinking, or isreality something else, with completely different controlling factors influencing thedevelopment of a nation’s doctrine? Analysis and evaluation results in lessons learned and itis worth remembering and taking advantage of this hard-earned knowledge. The aim of thisessay is, therefore, to investigate whether or not the lessons learned by the British ArmedForces during the 1982 Falklands War have influenced the development of British doctrinesince the War. To achieve this aim two publications of British maritime doctrine, The NavalWar Manual (1969) and The Fundamentals of British Maritime Doctrine (1995), have beenexamined, along with the lessons learned from the War, using the six fundamental capabilitiesas a basis. The results show that the British Royal Navy learned a considerable number oflessons both during and after the War. Because there are 26 years between the publications ofthe two documents, it can be stated that there has been a development in doctrine. Accounthas been taken of the lessons learned during the Falklands War, but not to the extent that onemight expect or wish. Developments in the world around us since the Falklands War are, inmany cases, so comprehensive and of a kind that the lessons learned from the Falklands Warare more current today than they were during the development of the 1995 doctrine.

  • 5241.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    A Totally Different Reality: Recruitment of Ethnic Cultural Minorities in the Swedish Armed Forces2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5242.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Framtidens stridsfordon och de grundläggande förmågorna2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the new demands put upon combat vehicles of today the development quickly strives for-ward. With developers and experts across the globe working to meet the needs of tomorrows armies. The question we ask ourselves is what will be the characteristics of these vehicles. In order to be able to categorize combat vehicle and analyze its characteristics we use the principles of war. Based on J.F.C Fullers theory from the early 19 hundreds that anything can be analysed using these principles, through a modern interpretation of the Swedish army, we can categorise the present and future abilities of combat vehicles. This interpretation includes lethality, mobility, protection, sustainability, command and intelligence. The future is represented by several articles regarding upcoming projects and future plans of vehicle developers and customers. This is some-thing witch has never been done before and gives us new ways of interpreting the role of the ar-moured fighting vehicle in the future of land warfare.

    The essay identifies lethality, mobility and protection as the most important principles of todays armoured fighting vehicles, witch diverts from the judgment that the most important principles of armoured fighting vehicles of the future will be mobility, protection, sustainability and command.

  • 5243.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Preparatory Military Training: An Experiment in Integrating Minorities in the Swedish Armed Forces2017In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 2, no 5, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Preparatory Military Training (PMT) project, a labour market programme, resulted in 2012 from a collaboration between the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) and Public Employment Service (PES), with the former in the lead role as organizer. The project wanted to attract long-term unemployeds of non-EU immigrant extraction and prompt them to undertake ten weeks of training and practice in SAF facilities on a voluntary basis. The SAF's aim was essentially to incite them to enlist at a later stage so as to benefit from their expertise in non-European languages and cultures on international missions, and also to strengthen the SAF's image as an attractive employer. Implementation results showed that while PMT failed to attract as many participants as anticipated and to generate a significant number of later enlistments, it was successful in most other respects : the Swedish military managed to reach out to a much sought-after recruitment target group, and saw its image improve in the eyes of participants who were overall very satisfied with it, notably with the military part of the training. The Public Employment Service, for its part, regarded it as one of the most successful labour programmes ever conducted in Sweden as most participants found jobs or pursued further studies upon completion of PMT. Yet, the programme was discontinued after 2014, not least because of another round of military downsizing. But the recent reinstatement of conscription in Sweden will likely make the findings derived from it useful in making the armed forces more representative of society's diverse composition.

  • 5244.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    The first year with an AVF in Sweden: The recruit’s view2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5245.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    We want you as our new recruit: Prerequisites for recruitment to and retention in the Swedish Armed Forces2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to study the prerequisites for the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) in order to recruit sufficient numbers of suitable individuals to the organization, and to retain those within the organization.

    The thesis comprises three studies (Study 1-3) where Study One comprises data gathered, with a longitudinal design, when Sweden relied on conscription for the manning of the Armed Forces. Results show that those wanting to do international military service assessed themselves higher for required qualities than those individuals not volunteering for international military service. Study Two shows that job satisfaction, according to Hackman and Oldham´s Job satisfaction model, is higher when job characteristics are good, and they in turn affect the Critical Psychological States, as proposed by Hackman and Oldham. Study Three indicates that there is a relation between performance orientation, job characteristics, job satisfaction and retention. In sum, this thesis suggests that there are different incentives for recruiting and retaining personnel to a conscripted force, and an all-volunteer force. Furthermore, the thesis indicates that an all-volunteer force concept is not the best way of manning the armed forces, for Sweden and countries with similar society, size and likewise a critical geopolitical position. 

  • 5246.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Börjesson, Marcus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Motivation och identitet2017In: Rustad för risk: Riskpsykologi för militärer och insatsorganisationer / [ed] Ann Enander och Marcus Börjesson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1, p. 69-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5247.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Börjesson, Marcus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Profiling the Swedish Ranger: Perceptions of Motivation, Profession and Risk and Safety Issues2018In: Special Operations Forces in the 21st Century: Perspectives from the Social Sciences / [ed] Jessica Glicken Turnley, Kobi Michael & Eyal Ben-Ari, Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5248.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Conscripts’ willingness to sign up for international military service2010In: Europe Without Soldiers: Recruitment and Retention Across the Armed Forces of Europe / [ed] Leuprecht, Christian, London: McGill-Queen's University Press , 2010, p. 109-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5249.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    ”Värnplikten öppnar en värld av möjligheter”: Viljan att fortsätta i Försvarsmakten hos värnpliktiga på Livgardet år 20102010Report (Other academic)
  • 5250.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Värnpliktigas intresse för internationell tjänst och officersutbildning2008Report (Other academic)
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