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  • 51.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    Cyber Warfare and the Laws of War2012 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The information revolution has transformed both modern societies and the way in which they conduct warfare. Cyber Warfare and the Laws of War analyses the status of computer network attacks in international law and examines their treatment under the laws of armed conflict. The first part of the book deals with the resort to force by states and discusses the threshold issues of force and armed attack by examining the permitted responses against such attacks. The second part offers a comprehensive analysis of the applicability of international humanitarian law to computer network attacks. By examining the legal framework regulating these attacks, Heather Harrison Dinniss addresses the issues associated with this method of attack in terms of the current law and explores the underlying debates which are shaping the modern laws applicable in armed conflict.

  • 52.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för operativ juridik och folkrätt.
    Legal Aspects of Human Enhancement Technologies2019Inngår i: New Technologies and the Law in War and Peace / [ed] Boothby, William H., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019, 1, s. 230-257Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Chapter 8 continues the exploration of issues raised by human enhancement technologies. Building on the discussion in the previous chapter, this contribution begins by examining the question of whether and under what circumstances we might consider that individuals who enhance their natural abilities might be considered something other than human – and what that might mean for their treatment under the law.  Biochemical enhancement, cybernetic technologies such as brain machine interfaces and advances in prosthetic technologies all have the capacity to alter and augment the human experience and raise interesting challenges for the law. This chapter looks specifically at the application of the laws of armed conflict (international humanitarian law) in relation to these techniques and the effects of human rights law in an age of enhanced humans – whether they be civilian or military personnel. Clear synergies also exist with the discussions in Chapter 13 on brain-machine interfaces. Attention is given in the final section to questions as to the adequacy of the current rights frameworks and as to the distinction between national and international systems.

  • 53.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Military Human Enhancement: Legal aspects of the use of human enhancement technologies by the armed forces2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The current focus on an ever-increasing sophistication of weapons systems usually overlooks efforts of states to enhance the physical and mental capabilities of human soldiers. While such techniques and technologies have a long history (e.g. the use of drugs and alcohol in order to overcome fear and fatigue; the use of night-vision goggles etc.), they have attained a new quality. For instance, certain armed forces are introducing wearable robotics suit (Powered exoskeletons). Furthermore, the development of military applications of brain-computer interfaces continues, which would allow for direct communication between a human brain and a computer – and eventually vice-versa. These technologies raise a number of pertinent international legal issues, such as: What are the potential consequences for compliance with the rules and principles of the law of armed conflict? What implications may such technologies have for the accountability of states and individuals? And what would the use of such technologies mean for the human rights of the human soldier?

  • 54.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Participants in Conflict: Cyber warriors, patriotic hackers and the laws of war2013Inngår i: International Humanitarian Law and the Changing Technology of War / [ed] Dan Saxon, Leiden:Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2013, s. 251-278Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 55.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    The Nature of Objects: Targeting networks and the challenge of defining cyber military objectives2015Inngår i: Israel Law Review, ISSN 0021-2237, E-ISSN 2047-9336, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 1-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cyber warfare and the advent of computer network operations have forced us to look again at the concept of the military objective. The definition set out in Article 52(2) of Additional Protocol I – that an object must by its nature, location, purpose or use, make an effective contribution to military action – is accepted as customary international law; its application in the cyber context, however, raises a number of issues which are examined in this article. First, the question of whether data may constitute a military objective is discussed. In particular, the issue of whether the requirement that the definition applies to ‘objects’ requires that the purported target must have tangible or material form. The article argues on the basis of both textual and contextual analysis that this is not required, but it contends that it may prove to be useful to differentiate between operational- and content-level data. The second part of the article examines the qualifying contribution of military objectives such as their nature, location, purpose or use, and questions whether network location rather than geographical location may be used as a qualifying criterion in the cyber context. The final part of the article addresses the question of whether the particular ability of cyber operations to effect results at increasingly precise levels of specificity places an obligation on a party to an armed conflict to define military objectives at their smallest possible formulation – that is, a small piece of code or component rather than the computer or system itself. Such a requirement would have significant implications for the cyber context where much of the infrastructure is dual use, but the distinction between civilian objects and military objectives is a binary classification.

  • 56.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    The regulation of cyber warfare under the jus in bello2015Inngår i: Cyber Warfare: A Multidisciplinary Analysis / [ed] James A. Green, Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge, 2015, 1, s. 125-159Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the legal issues raised by the use of cyber operations during armed conflict.

    Although none of the laws governing the conduct of hostilities address cyber operations explicitly, the laws are framed in general terms that may be interpreted to incorporate technological advances. This chapter thus explores the way in which those laws may be adapted and applied.

    The chapter first considers the general applicability of the jus in bello to cyber operations.  It then turns to the crucial principle of distinction, and assesses how this is to be applied in the cyber context.  In particular, this section of the chapter assesses what may be targeted i.e., what constitutes a ‘military objective’, the issue of ‘dual use’ objects in the cyber context and the prohibition on indiscriminate attacks.  The chapter then considers the various ways in which the principle of precaution may be relevant to cyber-attacks.  It also provides an examination of a number of jus in bello requirements for measures of special protection, and assesses how these rules are relevant to cyber warfare.  The final section turns to IHL’s restrictions on the ‘means and methods’ of warfare, including – but not limited to – the law of weaponry.

  • 57.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för operativ juridik och folkrätt.
    The Threat of Cyber Terrorism and What International Law Should (Try To) Do about It2018Inngår i: Georgetown journal of international affairs, ISSN 1550-5200, E-ISSN 1802-1115, Vol. 19, nr Fall, s. 43-50Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 58.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement and International Law2016Inngår i: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, Vol. 92, s. 432-482Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Advances in technologies that could endow humans with physical or mental abilities that go beyond the statistically normal level of functioning are occurring at an incredible pace. The use of these human enhancement technologies by the military, for instance in the spheres of biotechnology, cybernetics and prosthetics, raise a number of questions under the international legal frameworks governing military technology, namely the law of armed conflict and human rights law. The article examines these frameworks with a focus on weapons law, the law pertaining to the detention of and by “enhanced individuals,” the human rights of those individuals and their responsibility for the actions they take while under the influence of enhancements.

  • 59.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    The ethics of Carr and Wendt: Fairness and peace2018Inngår i: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 314-330Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The classical realist writings of E.H. Carr and constructivist publications of Alexander Wendt are extraordinarily influential. While they have provoked a great number of reactions within the discipline of International Relations, the ethical dimensions of their works have rarely been studied at length. This article seeks to remedy this lack of examination by engaging in an in-depth scrutiny of the moral concerns of these two mainstream International Relations scholars. On investigation, it is revealed that Carr demonstrates a strong commitment to the ethical principle of fairness and Wendt a moral concern for the prevention of the use of organized violence. These concerns are shared by Rawlsians and cosmopolitans in International Relations, and these findings may thereby encourage closer engagement between these diverse communities that rarely speak to one another and strengthen disciplinary research on morals.

  • 60.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhetspolitik och strategi.
    Civil Association Across Borders: Law, Morality and Responsibility in the Post-Brexit Era2018Inngår i: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 299-313Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Michael Oakeshott’s distinction between ‘civil association’ and ‘enterprise association’ has inspired international society theorists to conceive of international society as not just a ‘purposive association’ constructed by states to satisfy their interests but also as a ‘practical association’ providing formal and pragmatic rules that are not instrumental to particular goals of state policy. While this article is supportive of the Oakeshottian turn in international society theory, it suggests that somewhat different conclusions can be drawn from it. The article sketches out an alternative conception of international ‘civil association’, one that transcends the boundaries of communities. It is argued that such a notion of civil association is both possible and at the same time anchored in the experiences of the modern state. It is suggested that this notion of international civil association, when sustained by an adequate legal conception, promotes the enforcement of moral and political responsibility across borders. Finally, it is argued that European governments post-Brexit should strive to retain, as much as possible, the element of civil association present in European relations in order to preserve the civil condition, the rule of law, and in order to enhance political responsibility across borders.

  • 61.
    Jerfström, David
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Tillgång och efterfrågan på anhörigstöd vid internationell insats2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom ett kvalitativt frågeformulär svarade 53 stycken anhöriga till soldater och officerare på hur deras behov av anhörigstöd såg ut under tiden för en internationell insats. Uppsatsens frågeställning handlar om det  anhörigstöd som Försvarsmakten och externa stödorganisationer har utarbetat och om detta går i linje med de behov som finns hos de anhöriga. Syftet med uppsatsen är att jämföra Försvarsmakten och stödorganisationernas utbud på anhörigstöd med den anhöriges faktiska behov och därmed svara på uppsatsens frågeställning. Syftet är vidare att utifrån resultatet även kunna ge förslag på eventuella förbättringar på dagens anhörigstöd. Genom att analysera rådata har ett resultat kunnat redovisas som visar en markant förbättring av anhörigstödet i förhållande till det missnöje som presenterades av Officersförbundet och Synovate år 2008. Enligt resultatet i denna undersökning går Försvarsmakten och stödorganisationernas anhörigstöd i linje med vad den anhörige generellt är i behov av. Denna positiva utveckling har skett med hjälp av en balanserad blandning av psykosociala och praktiska åtgärder. ABC-X modellen som behandlar familjer i stress samt Halls bok ”Counseling military families” har till stor del legat till grund för denna undersökning och stödjer resultatet utifrån de åtgärder som vidtagits skall leda till en mer tillfredställd grupp anhöriga.

  • 62.
    Johansson, Dan
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Intervention kontra Statssuveränitet: "Responsibility to Protect" - En studie av principens nyttjande vid interventionen i Libyen 20112012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan andra världskrigets slut har internationell debatt förekommit angående hur internationellt bemötande bör ske då en främmande befolkning utsätts för våld och övergrepp av dess egen statsledning. Ofta har inom ramen för denna debatt normen om icke-intervention kommit att ställas mot ett globalt förespråkande av mänskliga rättigheter.Efter uppmaning av FN:s tidigare Generalsekreterare Kofi Annan, upprättades år 2000 International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. Kommissionens arbete mynnade ut i en rapport benämnd The Responsibility to Protect, vilken syftar till att söka internationell konsensus kring möjligheten att genomföra intervention med humanitärt skydd som mål, samt rekommendationer om hur en sådan bör ske.Syftet med uppsatsen är att genom kvalitativ textanalys söka svar på i vilken omfattning rekommendationerna inom The Responsibility to Protect överensstämmer med internationellt agerande under den inomstatliga konflikten i Libyen 2011.Studiens resultat visar på att internationellt agerande från FN, dess medlemsländer samt internationella organisationer till viss del överensstämmer med rapportens förespråkade konflikthantering innan demonstrationer utbröt i Libyen. Vidare visar studien att internationellt agerande väl överensstämmer med The Responsibility to Protect´s rekommendationer, då de libyska demonstrationerna eskalerade och mynnade ut i en inomstatlig väpnad konflikt.

  • 63.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    Article 28: Retained Personnel2016Inngår i: Commentary on the First Geneva Convention: Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field / [ed] International Committee of the Red Cross, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016, s. 764-785Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 64.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för operativ juridik och folkrätt.
    Attacks against works or installations containing dangerous forces2018Inngår i: The Companion to International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Niccolò Pons & Drazan Djukić, Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2018, s. 205-207Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 65.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Current Challenges in the Legal Regulation of the Means of Warfare2010Inngår i: Proceedings of the Bruges Colloquium: Technological Challenges for the Humanitarian Legal Framework, Bruges, Belgien: College of Europe , 2010, s. 13-20Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 66.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law: General Issues2015Inngår i: The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations / [ed] Terry Gill and Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 2, s. 35-62Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 67.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för operativ juridik och folkrätt.
    Military Collaterals and Ius In Bello Proportionality2018Inngår i: Israel Yearbook on Human Rights / [ed] Yoram Dinstein, Brill Academic Publishers, 2018, Vol. 48, s. 43-61Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 68.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    Operational Detention and the Treatment of Detainees2015Inngår i: The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations / [ed] Terry Gill and Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 2, s. 518-532Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 69.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    Sources of the Law of Armed Conflict2016Inngår i: Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict / [ed] Rain Liivoja, Tim McCormack, London / New York: Routledge, 2016, s. 71-88Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 70.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för operativ juridik och folkrätt.
    Superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering2018Inngår i: The Companion to International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Niccolò Pons & Drazan Djukić, Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2018, s. 669-672Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 71.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    The Applicability of the Law of Armed Conflict and Human Rights Law to Organised Armed Groups2014Inngår i: Convergence and Conflicts of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law in Military Operations / [ed] Erika de Wet, Jann K. Kleffner, Pretoria: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP) , 2014, s. 49-64Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 72.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    The Beneficiaries of the Rights Stemming from Common Article 32015Inngår i: The 1949 Geneva Conventions: A Commentary / [ed] Andrew Clapham, Paola Gaeta, Marco Sassoli (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, s. 433-447Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 73.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    The Conduct of Hostilities and International Humanitarian Law – Challenges of 21st Century Warfare2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The International Law Association Study Group on the Conduct of Hostilities in the 21st Century was established in 2011 and held its first meeting in 2012. The Study Group has explored numerous issues arising from the relationship between international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law in the conduct of military operations, technological challenges posed by new weapons systems, and the basic principles of IHL in the conduct of hostilities. In 2015, the Study Group established three working groups focusing on core issues within IHL in relation to the conduct of hostilities in modern warfare. These working group topics were military objectives, the principle of proportionality, and precautions in attacks. Each of these working group reports contributed to this final report, which the Study Group presented at the 77th International Law Association Conference in Johannesburg, South Africa on August 7–11, 2016.

  • 74.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för operativ juridik och folkrätt.
    The Legal Fog of an Illusion: Three Reflections on “Organization” and “Intensity” as Criteria for the Temporal Scope of the Law of Non-International Armed Conflict2019Inngår i: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, E-ISSN 2299-3843, Vol. 95, s. 161-178Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The "organization" of the non-State armed group and the "intensity" of the violence between it and its opponent(s) have emerged as the two key criteria to determine the temporal scope of the law of non-international armed conflict. These criteria have served to lift the fog of law in some important respects. Yet, several aspects of the temporal scope of the law of non-international armed conflict remain unsettled. This article addresses three of them, namely the assertion that the factors for ascertaining organization and intensity that have evolved in the jurisprudence of international criminal courts and tribunals are indicative rather than determinative, to whom the criterion of organization is to be applied, and whether the requisite level of intensity of armed violence can be cumulative when multiple organized armed groups are pitted against each other and government forces even though the armed violence that arises in the bilateral relations between two opposing parties does not reach the requisite level of intensity.

  • 75.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    The protection of humanitarian personnel in IAC/NIAC: the law and current challenges2016Inngår i: The Distinction between International and Non-International Armed Conflicts: Challenges for IHL?: 38th Round Table on Current Issues of International Humanitarian Law (Sanremo, 3rd-5th September 2015) / [ed] Marchand, Carl & Beruto, Gian Luca, Milano: FrancoAngeli , 2016, s. 200-206Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 76.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    Auto-referrals and the complementary nature of the ICC2009Inngår i: The Emerging Practice of the International Criminal Court / [ed] Carsten Stahn and Göran Sluiter, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2009, s. 41-53Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 77.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    Complementarity as a Catalyst for Compliance2006Inngår i: Complementary Views on Complementarity: Proceedings of the International Roundtable on the Complementary Nature of the International Criminal Court, Amsterdam 25/26 June 2004 / [ed] Jann Kleffner and Gerben Kor, T.M.C. Asser Press, 2006, s. 79-104Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 78.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    University of Amsterdam.
    Complementarity in the Rome Statute and National Criminal Jurisdictions2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 79.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    University of Amsterdam.
    Complementarity in the Rome Statute and National Criminal Jurisdictions2008Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 80.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    Droit néerlandais2002Inngår i: Juridictions nationales et crimes internationaux / [ed] Antonio Cassese/Mireille Delmas-Marty, Presses Universitaires de France , 2002, s. 217-257Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 81.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Friend or Foe? On the Protective Reach of the Law of Armed Conflict2013Inngår i: Armed Conflict and International Law: In Search of the Human Face / [ed] Marielle Matthee, Brigit Toebes och Marcel Brus, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2013, s. 285-302Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 82.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    From ‘Belligerents’ to ‘Fighters’ and Civilians Directly Participating in Hostilities : On the Principle of Distinction in Non-International Armed Conflicts One Hundred Years after the Second Peace Conference2007Inngår i: Netherlands International Law Review, ISSN 0165-070X, E-ISSN 1741-6191, Vol. 54, s. 315-336Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 83. Kleffner, Jann K.
    Improving Compliance with International Humanitarian Law Through the Establishment of an Individual Complaints Procedure2002Inngår i: Leiden Journal of International Law, ISSN 0922-1565, E-ISSN 1478-9698, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 237-250Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 84.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    National Enforcement of International Humanitarian Law: A Case Study of War Crimes Prosecutions in Bosnian Domestic Courts2001Inngår i: Thesaurus Acroasium Vol. No 30 (XXX), Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas Publications , 2001Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 85.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    Peace Treaties2011Inngår i: Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law / [ed] Rüdiger Wolfrum, Oxford University Press, 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 86.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Protection of the Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked2013Inngår i: The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, 3, s. 321-358Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 87.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Protection of the Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked2008Inngår i: The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law / [ed] D. Fleck, Oxford University Press, 2008, 2, s. 325-365Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 88.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Scope of Application of Humanitarian Law2013Inngår i: The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Dieter Fleck (ed),, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, 3, s. 43-78Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 89.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    Section IX of the ICRC Interpretive Guidance on Direct Participation in Hostilities: The End of Ius in Bello Proportionality as We Know It?2012Inngår i: Israel Law Review, ISSN 0021-2237, Vol. 45, nr 1, s. 35-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 90.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    SFOR’s Half-Hearted Compliance with its International Obligations to Execute Arrest Warrants of the ICTY1999Inngår i: International Peacekeeping (Dordrecht), ISSN 1380-748X, Vol. 5, s. 80-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 91.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    Some preliminary thoughts on the position of the defence at the new International Criminal Court and the role of the Netherlands as the Host State2002Inngår i: The Position of the Defence at the International Criminal Court and the Role of the Netherlands as the Host State: including the proceedings of the Conference held in The Hague, 3-4 November 2000 / [ed] Martine Hallers/Chantal Joubert/Jan Sjöcrona, Amsterdam: Rozenberg , 2002, s. 1-8Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 92.
    Kleffner, Jann K
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    The Applicability of International Humanitarian Law to Organized Armed Groups2011Inngår i: International Review of the Red Cross, ISSN 1816-3831, E-ISSN 1607-5889, Vol. 93, nr 882, s. 443-461Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While it is generally accepted today that international humanitarian law (IHL) is binding on organized armed groups, it is less clear why that is so and how the binding force of IHL on organized armed groups is to be construed. A number of explanations for that binding force have been offered. The present contribution critically examines five such explanations, namely that organized armed groups are bound via the state on whose territory they operate; that organized armed groups are bound because their members are bound by IHL as individuals; that norms of IHL are binding on organized armed groups by virtue of the fact that they exercise de facto governmental functions; that customary IHL is applicable to organized armed groups because of the (limited) international legal personality that they possess; and that organized armed groups are bound by IHL because they have consented thereto.

  • 93.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    The Compatibility of National Legal Systems with the Statute of the Permanent International Criminal Court (ICC), Part I - Substantive Law2003Inngår i: Military Law and the Law of War Review / Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre, ISSN 0556-7394, nr 42, s. 45-88 (French), 119-158 (English)s. 45-88 (French)-119-158 (English)Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 94.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    The Compatibility of National Legal Systems with the Statute of the Permanent International Criminal Court (ICC), Part II - Procedural Law2003Inngår i: Military Law and the Law of War Review / Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre, ISSN 0556-7394, nr 42, s. 89-118 (French), 159-185 (English)s. 89-118 (French),-159-185 (English)Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 95.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    The Impact of Complementarity on National Implementation of Substantive International Criminal Law2003Inngår i: Journal of International Criminal Justice, ISSN 1478-1387, E-ISSN 1478-1395, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 86-113Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 96.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    The law and policy of complementarity in relation to ‘criminal proceedings’ carried out by non-state organized armed groups2011Inngår i: The International Criminal Court and Complementarity: From Theory to Practice / [ed] Carsten Stahn and Mohamed El Zeidy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, s. 707-720Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 97.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    The Legality under the Law of Armed Conflict of the Use of, and Instruction in the Use of, Landmines in Afghanistan between 1978-19922008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 98.
    Kleffner, Jann K
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Folkrättscentrum.
    The Scope of the Crimes Triggering the Responsibility to Protect2012Inngår i: Responsibility to Protect: From Principle to Practice / [ed] Julia Hoffmann, André Nollkaemper, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2012, s. 85-91Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 99.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Folkrättscentrum.
    The Use of Depleted Uranium Weapons and the Prohibition of Poison Weapons2008Inngår i: Depleted Uranium Weapons and International Law : A Precautionary Approach / [ed] Avril McDonald, Jann K. Kleffner and Brigit Toebes, T.M.C. Asser Press, 2008, s. 155-160Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 100.
    Kleffner, Jann K
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Towards a Functional Conceptualization of the Temporal Scope of Jus Post Bellum2014Inngår i: Jus Post Bellum: Mapping the Normative Foundations / [ed] Carsten Stahn, Jennifer S. Easterday, Jens Iverson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, s. 287-296Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
123 51 - 100 of 141
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