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  • 51.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Folke Bernadotte Akademien.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Norwegian Defence University College.
    Surviving the economic winter: A perspective from the North on how to develop and use military capabilities more effectively2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University.
    Svensk försvarsdoktrin efter kalla kriget: förlorade decennier eller vunna insikter?2014Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att utforma en försvarsdoktrin betyder att inom en given ekonomisk ram balansera förmågan att hantera hot och risker som ligger nära i tiden med behovet av att skapa långsiktig handlingsfrihet genom att utveckla kapacitet mot möjliga framtida hot och risker. Trots att flera argumenterat för vikten av balans finns få exempel på hur detta realiseras. Denna bok förklarar utvecklingen av svensk försvarsdoktrin sedan kalla krigets slut, och stödjer sig främst på officiella tryck från de politiska beslutsprocesserna.

  • 53.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University.
    The Making of Strategy in Scandinavia2014In: Alike or Different?: Scandinavian approaches to Military Interventions / [ed] Håkan Edström & Dennis Gyllensporre, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2014, p. 14-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University.
    The Organizational Procedures2014In: Alike or Different?: Scandinavian approaches to Military Interventions / [ed] Håkan Edström & Dennis Gyllensporre, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2014, p. 36-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhetespolitik och strategi.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Military strategy of small states: Responding to External Shocks of the 21st Century2019Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using primary sources from four Nordic countries, (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden), this volume explores how small states have adjusted their military strategies in response to external shocks of the 21st century. The 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Russian interventions in Georgia and Ukraine, and the rise of the Islamic State have all forced the Nordic states to adopt new strategies. While the responses have not been uniform, their differing relations to the EU and NATO have not prevented these countries from behaving similarly in military affairs. Limitations in military capacity has led all four countries to pursue strategies that include cooperation with more resourceful partners. It is necessary for them to cooperate with others to protect and promote their national interests. Moreover, the Nordic cosmopolitan outlook expresses milieu-shaping ambitions that we generally would not expect small states to pursue against a potential great power aggressor.

    This book will be of much interest to students of military strategy, defense studies, security studies, and international relations.

  • 56.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Forsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    Haaland Matlary, JanneForsvarets høgskole (Norge).Lunde, Nils TerjeForsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    Krigerkultur i en fredsnasjon2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Institutt for Forsvarsstudier.
    Haaland Matlary, JanneUniversitetet i Oslo.Petersson, MagnusInstitutt for Forsvarsstudier.
    NATO: The Power of Partnerships2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Norwegian Defence University College.
    Haaland Matlary, Janne
    Department of Political Science,University of Oslo, Norway.
    Petersson, Magnus
    The Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies, Norway.
    Utility for NATO: Utility of NATO?2011In: NATO: The Power of Partnerships / [ed] Håkan Edström, Janne Haaland Matlary, Magnus Petersson, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Josefsson, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Försvaret av Sverige: vem kan leda operationer... och vem bör?2016In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 1, p. 67-86Article in journal (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 60.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Lunde, Nils Terje
    Forsvareti kryssild: Konklusjoner og utblikk2010In: Uniformitet eller Mangfold?: norsk militærprofesjon i endring / [ed] Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde, Janne Haaland Matlary, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2010, p. 328-355Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Lunde, Nils Terje
    Teoretiskeog metodiske utgangspunkter2010In: Uniformitet eller Mangfold?: norsk militærprofesjon i endring / [ed] Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde, Janne Haaland Matlary, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2010, p. 30-68Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Lunde, Nils Terje
    Haaland Matlary, Janne
    Mangfold som utfordring i Forsvaret2010In: Uniformitet eller Mangfold? / [ed] Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde & Janne Haaland Matlary, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2010, p. 15-29Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 63.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Forsvarets høgskole, Oslo, Norway.
    Lunde, Nils Terje
    Forsvarets høgskole, Oslo, Norway.
    Haaland Matlary, Janne
    Forsvarets høgskole, Oslo, Norway.
    På jakt etter den militære profesjon2009In: Krigerkultur i en fredsnasjon: norsk militær profesjon i endring / [ed] Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde, Janne Haaland Matlary, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2009, p. 17-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 64.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Forsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    Lunde, Nils TerjeForsvarets høgskole (Norge).Haaland Matlary, JanneForsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    Uniformitet eller Mangfold?: norsk militærprofesjon i endring2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört). Uppsala universitet.
    Petersson, Magnus
    Institutt for Forsvarsstudier.
    Akademisering på avvägar?: Utbildning och forskning i krigsvetenskap vid Försvarshögskolan2013In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 37-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 66.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Forsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    Petersson, MagnusForsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    Norsk-svenskt försvarssamarbete i en ny tid2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Petersson, Magnus
    Institutt for Forsvarsstudier, Norge.
    Slutreplik: Seniorprofessorer på avvägar!2014In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 33-36Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In an article in this journal (2:2013) we identified several important shortcomings of War Studies at the Swedish National Defence College (SNDC) during the period of 2007–2012.In this article, we conclude that the authors of a responding article (4:2013), Senior Professors Stefan Axberg and Berndt Brehmer not only continue to focus on irrelevant aspects of asubject outside their expertise, but also neglect to recognize their own responsibility regarding the causes of the shortcomings. Furthermore, we find that their recommendations are incommensurable with the view presented by the Swedish Armed Forces and the current development of War Studies at the SNDC.

  • 68.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhetespolitik och strategi.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Between the eagle and the bear: Explaining the alignment strategies of the Nordic countries in the 21st century2020In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, E-ISSN 1521-0448, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 191-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article shows that all four Nordic countries, i.e., Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, have adjusted their alignment strategies when responding to the changes in their external environment during the twenty-first century. Furthermore, our findings indicate a great diversity among the four states in their responses. All too often, security policy analyses cluster small states into allies and non-allies, respectively. However, this article suggests that alliance affiliation in isolation is not sufficient for explaining small states’ behavior and adjustments of their strategies. Occasionally, previous experiences of armed conflicts as well as perceptions of strategic exposure provide stronger explanatory power.

  • 69.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Between the Eagle and the Bear: Explaining the Alignment Strategies of the Nordic Countries in the 21th Century2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law, Political Science Division.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Comparative Strategy – A New Framework for Analysis2023In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, E-ISSN 1521-0448, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 80-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars of Strategic Studies have seldom problematized the concept of military strategy beyond identifying the three elements constituting the phenomenon, that is ends, means and ways. Moreover, we see a need for contextualizing the presumably universal conceptualization of military strategy. This article contributes to previous research by operationalize each of the three elements one-step further, thereby introducing an analytical framework for systematic comparisons of states’ different priorities regarding military strategy. Additionally, in order to explain these different priorities, the proposed analytical framework introduces tools related to both relative power and position in the international system, and to regional systems and unit-level characteristics. The usefulness of the analytical framework is illustrated by a summary of some of our findings from a research project on comparative strategy including more than 30 states.

  • 71.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law, Political Science Division.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Enighetens gränser: Konsensus eller konfrontation vid utformningen av den svenska försvarspolitiken?2023In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 125, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The limits of unity: Consensus or confrontation in shaping Swedish defence policy

    How encompassing is the consensus among the political parties represented in the Swedish parliament when it comes to the military threat from Russia, the relations with NATO and the design of the Swedish Armed Forces? This article aims at answering this question by exploring the Swedish defence policy from the Russian war against Georgia in 2008 to the ongoing war in Ukraine. Our results indicate that the consensus among the parties increases with the escalation of the tensions in the international relations. Hence, we disagree with some results of previous research on Swedish security politics. We conclude that the tipping point regarding the Swedish application for NATO-membership was the existential dimension of the current Russian aggression. When the internal efforts to defend Sweden against a potential Russian attack was perceived not being enough, applying for membership was considered a necessity, not an option, among a majority of the parties.

  • 72.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law, Political Science Division.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Military Strategies of the New European Allies: A Comparative Study2022Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book analyses how and to what extent ex-communist states have adjusted their defence strategies since joining the EU and NATO, and how differences and similarities between their strategies can be explained.

    Between 1999 and 2013, four phases of enlargement took place when the European Union (EU) and NATO allowed 11 new former communist states to enter both organisations. These states share some common attributes and experiences related to strategic culture and common experiences during the Cold War era that can potentially explain similarities in behaviour and preferences among them. However, the strategic adjustments among these states are far from uniform. In an effort to explain these differences, the book introduces three intervening variables: (1) differences in relative power and position in the international system, (2) national geographical characteristics; and (3) historical experiences related to formative periods of state-building processes as well as wars and armed conflicts. Empirically, the book strives to present and analyse the defence strategies of each of the new allies by conducting a structured focused comparison of official strategic documents from the twenty-first century for each of the 11 cases. Theoretically and methodologically, it introduces an analytical framework enabling us to explain both similarities and differences in the formulation of the strategies of the 11 states, and to shed light on their external and internal efforts to promote their strategic interest by operationalising the dependent variable - defence strategy. The analytical framework combines elements of structural realism with classical realism, and constructivist research on unit-level characteristics related to relative power and perceptions of strategic exposure.

    This book will be of much interest to students of strategic studies, European Union policy, NATO and International Relations in general.

  • 73.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhetespolitik och strategi.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Military Strategy of Great Powers: Managing Power Asymmetry and Structural Change in the 21st Century2022Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores the military strategies of the five system-determining great powers during the twenty-first century.

    The book’s point of departure is that analyses of countries’ defence strategies should acknowledge that states come in various shapes and sizes and that their strategic choices are affected by their perceptions of their position in the international system and by power asymmetries between more and less resourceful states. This creates diversity in strategies that is often overlooked in theoretically oriented analyses. The book examines how five major powers – the United States, China, the United Kingdom, France and Russia – have adjusted their strategies to improve or maintain their relative position and to manage power asymmetries during the twenty-first century. It also develops and applies an analytical framework for exploring and categorising the strategies pursued by the five major powers which combine elements of structural realism with research on power transition theory and status competition. The concluding chapter addresses questions related to stability and change in the present international system.

  • 74.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhetespolitik och strategi.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Military Strategy of Middle Powers: Competing for Security, Influence and Status in the 21st Century2020Book (Refereed)
  • 75.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law, Political Science Division.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    READY OR NOT? Explaining military strategic diversity among NATOs new European allies2023In: The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, ISSN 1351-8046, Vol. 36, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the defense transformation processes during the two initial decades of the twenty-first century among the 11 former communist states that currently are members of both the European Union (EU) and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The article introduces an analytical framework for systematic comparisons of states’ priorities regarding military strategy. Moreover, the article evaluates the influence of two intervening variables: (i) differences in relative power between middle powers and small states and (ii) differences in geographical exposure. Our findings suggest that differences related to these intervening variables correlate with differences in prioritized strategic ends, means, and ways.

  • 76.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    The alignment strategies of great powers: Managing power asymmetries and structural changes in the international system2022In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, E-ISSN 1521-0448, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 97-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractThe article aims to contribute to previous research in two main ways. First, we intervene in the debate on the stability of the present unipolar system by offering an analytical framework and an empirical approach for exploring and categorizing the actual strategies pursued by the major powers in the contemporary international system. In doing so, we present an analysis of how the strategies of the five system-determining states interact and affect the stability of the system. Second, in order to be able to explain why states pursue different strategies, we complement the analytical framework of structural realism with insights from research on Power Transition Theory (PTT). Hereby, we offer a new comprehensive theoretical approach for analyzing how asymmetric power relations affect strategic choices of major powers.

  • 77.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    The Defence Strategies of Middle Powers: Competing for security, influence and status in an era of unipolar demise2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhetespolitik och strategi.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    The defense strategies of middle powers: Competing for security, influence and status in an era of unipolar demise2020In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, E-ISSN 1521-0448, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 171-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do middle powers develop similar defense strategies? Is middle powers a useful category for exploring the diversity of strategies among different categories of states? This article presents a great variation of strategies among the selected cases. Concurrently, similarities between middle powers belonging to similar regional security complexes (RSC) are revealed. The higher degree of great power penetration into a RSC, the lesser options for middle powers to develop individual strategies and vice versa. Furthermore, by comparing our findings with the strategies of more and less resourceful states, common elements among middle powers in terms of ends, means and ways, appear.

  • 79.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Försvarsmakten.
    Wiss, ÅkeTotalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, FOI.
    International Trends Analysis - Yearbook 2007: With an Introduction to the ART-model2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Forsvarets høgskole, Oslo, Norway.
    Ydstebø, Palle
    Forsvarets stabsskole, Norge.
    Hvordan ser den norske strategien ut?2011In: Militærstrategi på norsk: en innføring, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2011, p. 375-399Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Forsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    Ydstebø, PalleForsvarets høgskole (Norge).
    Militærstrategi på norsk: en innføring2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Ydstebø, Palle
    Forsvarets stabsskole, Norge.
    Mot en strategisk renessanse?2011In: Militærstrategi på norsk: en innføring / [ed] Håkan Edström & Palle Ydstebø, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2011, p. 15-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Åselius, Gunnar
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Sverige mer skyddat mot väpnat angrepp än någonsin2014In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 10/3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
12 51 - 83 of 83
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