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  • 51. Boström, I.
    et al.
    Hall-Lord, M-L.
    Larsson, Gerry
    The Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland.
    Wilde, B.
    Nursing theory based changes of work organisation in an ICU: Effects on quality of care1992In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 10-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 52. Boström, I
    et al.
    Hall-Lord, M-L
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wilde, Bodil
    Organisationsförändring vid IVA baserad på omvårdnadsteori: Effekter på vårdkvalitet1992Report (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Brandow, Carina
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Johansson, Eva
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Gustafson, Michael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Irreguljär krigföring: Ledarskapsutmaningar vid olika taktiktyper2014Report (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Brandow, Carina
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Sohlberg, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Försvarsmaktens syn på sin förankring i samhället2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett antal faktorer som Försvarsmaktens (FM) volymminskning, värnpliktens vilande och avsaknaden av en mera akut nationell hotbild, har lett till att försvarets förankring i samhället inte är lika självklar som tidigare. Detta kan bland annat ge negativa effekter på FM personalförsörjning liksom på förståelsen i samhället för FM verksamhet och i förlängningen befolkningens stöd för verksamheten. Syftet med denna studie var att hos företrädare för FM högre nivåer kartlägga uppfattningar av vad som är viktiga faktorer för förankringen i samhället. I rapporten redovisas informanternas uppfattningar om bland annat allmänhetens syn på FM, om relationen mellan FM och den politiska nivån samt politikernas respektive FM ansvar för myndighetens förankring i samhället. Rapporten lämnar förslag på åtgärder som FM kan göra för att positivt förbättra förankringen. Inom projektet har det tidigare tagits fram en forskningsöversikt och gjorts en intervjustudie med informanter från näringsliv, andra myndigheter, lokala politiker och politiska ungdomsförbund.

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  • 55.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Mental träning: Beskrivning och värdering av mer kvalificerade metoder2005Report (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Kallenberg, Kjell
    Militära chefers agerande vid dödsfall: Om symbolhandlingar och handlingars symboliska värde2005Report (Other academic)
  • 57. Chaturvedi, Sankarp
    et al.
    Zyphur, Michael J.
    Arvey, Richard
    Avolio, Bruce J.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    The heritability of emergent leadership: age and gender as moderating factors2012In: Leadership Quarterly, ISSN 1048-9843, E-ISSN 1873-3409, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 219-232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examined the moderating influences of gender and age with respect to testing the heritability of leadership emergence. A large data base of 12,112 twins from Sweden was used in the current study to decompose the variance of emergentleadership into an unobservable genetic component and environmental components that are either common or unshared among twin pairs. Consistent with prior leadership research on genetics, we found that a genetic factor is able to explain a significant proportion of the variation across individuals in predicting how twins perceive their emergentleadership behavior (about 44% for women and 37% for men). Furthermore, we also found that the magnitude of genetic influence on emergentleadership varied with age, but only for women with the heritability estimate being highest for the mid-age women versus lowest for the older women. Implications for advancing research on the genetic and environmental influences on leadership emergence are discussed.

  • 58. Dahlgren, L.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Hälsohögskolan i Värmland.
    Starrin, B.
    Styrborn, S.
    Längs upptäcktens väg: En introduktion till teorigenerering1988Book (Other academic)
  • 59. Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Kylin, Camilla
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ledarskap och beslutsfattande vid komplexa olyckor och kriser: En sammanfattande rapport2007Report (Other academic)
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  • 60.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    From common operating picture to situational awareness2014In: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, E-ISSN 1741-5071, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 28-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what influences the formation of a common operating picture and situational awareness during collaborative efforts to deal with complex disasters. Particular focus is given to the relationship between the operating picture and situational awareness. The study was conducted using qualitative interviews and a grounded theory approach, and is based on interview data from three crisis events. The results show that the operating picture is influenced by information coming together from different sources and forming a snapshot of the event, a portrait which changes and is updated over time, while organisational belonging, role and occupationally specific knowledge provide a framework for and influence situational awareness. The results also show that the operating picture forms the basis for an occupationally specific and role-based situational awareness and its subsequent decision-making. Further studies on the relation between common operating picture, sense making and situational awareness are discussed.

  • 61.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Att komma ikapp: En studie om samverkan och ledarskap vid en svavelsyreolycka i Helsingborg 20052006Report (Other academic)
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  • 62. Edvardsson, B.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Centre for Public Health Research, Karlstad.
    Setterlind, S.
    Internal service quality and the psychosocial work environment: An empirical analysis of conceptual interrelatedness1997In: Service Industries Journal, ISSN 0264-2069, E-ISSN 1743-9507, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 252-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need to integrate service quality concepts withconcepts from other research fields, such as the psychosocialwork environment, to help us better understand and create abasis for quality control in services. The main aim of this paperis to explore empirically the relationships between thepsychosocial work environment and internal service qualily. Weuse concepts and measures derived from psychosocial workenvironment theory and service quality theory respectively. Datawere collected from 555 employees in a Swedish computerservice company using questions from a Stress Profile as well as from a Quality Profile. All 52 items from the Stress Projile and20 items from the Quality Profile were entered into a factoranalysis. The main result of the study is not the exact outcome ofthe factor analysis per se, but rather the point that questionsderived from two different research fields appear to measuredifferent mental representations of work conditions. Clearly,interdependence exists between the psyclzosocial workenvironment and internal quality. It is quite concmon to ncap adrestructure service processes in order to improve internal qualityin an attempt to solve quality problems created by organisationalchanges. We suggest that it should be equally inportant to takenieasures to increase work satisfaction by improvingpsychosocial work conditions

  • 63. Eid, J.
    et al.
    Johnsen, B. H.
    Brun, W.
    Laberg, J. C.
    Nyhus, J. K.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Situation awareness and transformational leadership in senior military leaders: An exploratory study2004In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 203-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored the relationship between leadership style and operational readiness in a sample of senior Norwegian military officers (N = 43), who participated in a 1-week joint staff exercise. Leadership style was measured by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ-45), and indicators of operational readiness included situation awareness and interpersonal influence. Transformational leadership emerged as a predictor of situation awareness (R2 = .33) and interpersonal influence (R2 = .25), with intellectual stimulation as the only significant predictor among the facet subscales. Some possible theoretical and methodological implications for future research are also pointed out.

  • 64. Eid, J.
    et al.
    Mearns, K.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Laberg, J. C.
    Johnsen, B. H.
    Leadership and safety research: Conceptual issues and future research questions2012In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 55-61Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Eid, Jarle
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Johnsen, Bjorn Helge
    Laberg, Jon Christian
    Bartone, Paul T.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Psychometric properties of the Norwegian Impact of Event Scale-Revised in a non-clinical sample2009In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 63, no 5, p. 426-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite the widespread use of the Impact of Event Scale to measure post-traumatic stress symptoms, psychometric evaluations of the scale have revealed mixed findings. Aim: The aim of the present study is to provide new empirical evidence and examine the factor structure, reliability, and predictive validity of the Norwegian version of the IES-R. Methods: Posttraumatic stress symptoms were recorded in a student sample (n=312) 3 weeks after the Southeast Asian tsunami disaster in December 2004. Confirmatory factor analyses of the IES-R behavior items using structural equation modeling (SEM) were performed on four models from existing research. Results: The original three-factor model of intrusion, avoidance and hyperarousal symptoms exhibited the best goodness-of-fit indices when defined as oblique. The IES-R also revealed satisfactory reliability. Symptom levels of intrusion and avoidance were moderate, while hyperarousal scores were low, with a significant gender difference. Conclusion: Taken together, the IES-R revealed good psychometric properties in this nonclinical student sample and could be a useful instrument to assess and follow-up on PTSD symptoms after a certain identified trauma.

  • 66.
    Eid, Jarle
    et al.
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Johnsen, Bjørn-Helge
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Laberg, Jon-Christian
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Bartone, Paul T
    Center for Technology & national Security Policy, National Defense University, Washington, DC, USA.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised2009In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 63, no 5, p. 426-432Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 67. Eid, Jarle
    et al.
    Lescreve, Francois
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    An international perspective on military psychology2012In: The Oxford handbook of military psychology / [ed] Lawrence, J. H., Matthews, M, New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, p. 114-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 68. Elander Lindberg, N.
    et al.
    Basch-Kåre, E.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Lindberg, E.
    Rheumatoid Arthritis from a Psychoanalytical Perspective1995Report (Other academic)
  • 69. Elander Lindberg, N.
    et al.
    Lindberg, E.
    Larsson, Gerry
    University of Karlstad.
    Experiences of psychotherapy in amalgam illness1994In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 52, p. 219-228Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 70.
    Enander, Ann
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Programutredning: Kris- och katastrofforskning1993Report (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Enander, Ann
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Studier av människors beteende i samband med kris- och katastrofsituationer: Mätning och metodik1995Report (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Engelkes, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Karlstad.
    Loyal to the end: Examining the meaning of loyalty among high-ranking military officers2023In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 936-953Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations need co-workers who are committed to common goals and that are loyal to the core values of the organization.[1] The conscious fostering of organizational core values is seen as an important tool in creating loyal co-workers and hence an effective organization.[2] Professions with a strong vocational calling such as medicine (Kallin, 2010), the police (Ewin, 1990 ; Foust, 2018) or the military[3] have particular demands on loyalty to certain core values, and individuals are expected to adopt these as their own. However, organizational core values can be contradictive (Billig, 1988) and sometimes in conflict with the individual´s own core values which – when incompatible – can in turn cause severe moral stress and mental illness.[4] This implies a need for clarification about what is expected from members of an organization concerning the objectives and manifestations of core values. In terms of loyalty, the military profession is possibly one of the most demanding, expecting individuals to risk their own lives and to kill other human beings for the benefit of the organizational goals. However, since misplaced loyalty can cause destructive,[5] and unethical behaviour[6] with enormous consequences – especially in the military (Winslow, 1998) – there is a need to be clear about what kind of loyalty behaviour is constructive and vice versa. Although loyalty is a concept that seems to be defined in many different ways, the number of studies of loyalty and its meaning are quite limited - especially in military research.[7] The overall purpose of this study is to broaden understanding of the meaning of loyalty within the military. Because important core values of an organization are set – or strongly influenced[8] – by its leaders,[9] the aim of this study was to explore how high-ranking officers in the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) give meaning to their own personal experiences of loyalty and to describe possible common patterns within the participant group.

     [1] Wieseke, Alavi & Habel, 2014.[2] Berghaus & Cartagena, 2013.[3] Huntington, 1985 ; Moskos & Wood, 1988 ; Kirkhaug, 2009 ; Olsthoorn, 2011 ; Beard, 2014.[4] Molendijk, Kramer & Verweij, 2018.[5] Gabriel, 1982 ; Connor, 2010.)[6] Umphress & Bingham, 2011.[7] Olsthoorn, 2011 ; Connor, Andrews, Noack-Lundberg & Wadham, 2019.[8] Larsson, Haerem, Sjöberg, Alvinius & Bakken, 2007.[9] Fergusson & Milliman, 2008 ; Oh, Cho & Lim, 2018.

  • 73.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse hos anställda soldater: Uppfattningar efter ett års tjänstgöring2012Report (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Job satisfaction among the new Swedish all-volunteer soldiers: Challenges for leaders of the armed forces2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed forces has been transformed to an all-volunteer force where the first soldiers began their employment in May 2011. The number of applicants has been satisfying but experiences from other countries indicate that it has been easier to recruit soldiers than to retain them. The aim of this study was to investigate factors affecting the job satisfaction of soldiers. Twenty-one informants who had been employed as soldiers for about a year participated in the study. They came from all three fighting services (army, air force, navy). The data was analyzed according to a grounded theory approach.

          The results show that the soldiers’ job satisfaction is related to their inner motivation to join the armed forces. The inner motivation can be divided into: (a) primarily searching for a job and a steady income, (b) a great interest in the armed forces and military tasks, and (c) an aim for a certain education/position. Factors that appear to affect the job satisfaction are, for example: co-workers, salary and experienced meaningfulness. Another result from the study is that strategic decisions at the Head Quarter level that involve unexpected readjustments at the local level tend to have a negative effect on of the soldiers’ motivation and job satisfaction because  the leaders at the local units are poorly prepared to handle the changes. This will be more thoroughly discussed during the presentation.

  • 75.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Influence of IED attacks on leadership: Dealing with the invisible enemy2012In: Res Militaris, ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 2, no 3, Summer/ÉtéArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of leadership in military operations characterized by the presence of critical incidents (IED attacks). Twenty-one Swedish soldiers and officers (ranking from soldier to colonel) who had experienced IED attacks in Afghanistan during the period 2005-2008 were interviewed, and their responses were analyzed according to grounded theory methodology. A model was developed according to which the essence of military leadership immediately following an IED attack could be summarized as recapturing control over self, the group and the task. The model also illuminates the importance of selected pre-existing conditions and the leader's appraisal/ sensemaking processes. Nine leadership acts of balance were identified, including balanced grief (self), balanced focus on emotional and functional recovery (group), and balanced handling of safety versus necessary risk-taking (task).

  • 76.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Trust and destructive leadership during international military operations: A longitudinal study2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 77.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Trust and destructive leadership during international military operations: A longitudinal study2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 78.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Lundell, Emil
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wolgers, Gerhard
    Försvarsmaktens HR Centrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Validering av officersprogrammets urvalsprocess: Steg 1: Identifiering av individuella egenskaper och förmågor som kan ligga till grund för prediktion av framtida funktionsförmåga2017Report (Other academic)
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  • 79.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destrudo-L: Forskningsresultat och praktiska implikationer2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destruktivt ledarskap: Hur uppkommer det? Vilka effekter får det? Vad kan man göra åt det?2018Book (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Department of Public Health, Hedmark University College, Elverum, Norway.
    Leadership: Is bad stronger than good?2016In: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 690-710Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    – The purpose of this paper is to investigate if the thesis “bad is stronger than good” also holds true for a number of leadership issues, more specifically: trust in the immediate leader, emotional exhaustion, work atmosphere and propensity to leave.

    Design/methodology/approach

    – Questionnaire responses were obtained from military personnel in Estonia, Sweden, Switzerland and the Netherlands (n=625).

    Findings

    – Multiple regression analyses revealed a certain pattern. Constructive leadership behaviours showed stronger positive associations with trust in the immediate supervisor and work atmosphere, than destructive leadership behaviours showed negative associations. On the other hand, destructive leadership behaviours showed stronger positive associations with emotional exhaustion and propensity to leave, than constructive leadership behaviours showed negative associations. This suggests that constructive leadership behaviours possibly have a greater impact on positive phenomenon and/or phenomenon associated with work-related relationships. On the other hand, destructive leadership behaviours appear to have a greater impact on negative phenomena with a stronger personal meaning. The results also show that the passive forms of destructive leadership are the behaviours that had the strongest impact on the investigated dependent variables.

    Research limitations/implications

    – Limitations related to item construction, common method variance, response set tendencies, translation of the instruments, and lack of response rate are discussed.

    Practical implications

    – The results emphasize the importance of focusing on both constructive and destructive leadership at the selection stage, as well as during training of military leaders. Focusing on them separately obstructs optimal leader development and prevents leaders from gaining authentic self-knowledge. The results also point at the importance of including both aspects of leadership in leader evaluation processes.

    Originality/value

    – The use of both constructive and destructive leadership behaviours with respondents from multiple nations in the same analysis.

  • 82.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Measuring destructive leadership behaviours2016In: Negative leadership: international perspectives / [ed] Daniel Watola & ave Woycheshin, Kingston, Kanada: Canadian Defence Academy Press , 2016, p. 75-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Passive destructive leadership in a military context2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Passive leadership in a military context. Its relationship with work attitudes and emotional exhaustion2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper reports the results of three quantitative studies on destructive leadership in a military context. The aim is to identify (a) which behaviors are considered passive leadership in this type of context, (b) outcomes of passive leadership, and (c) hierarchical differences regarding outcomes of passive leadership.

    Design/Methodology

    Questionnaire data was collected from (a) three Swedish military groups (n = 428), (b) military personnel in Estonia, Sweden, Switzerland and the Netherlands (= 625), and (c) Swedish military personnel serving in Afghanistan (n = 289).

    Results

    The results show that passive leadership in a military context is defined as behaviors related to being “passive, cowardly” and “uncertain, unclear, messy”. Passive leadership behaviors had a stronger impact (than active destructive leadership behaviors) on outcomes such as emotional exhaustion and propensity to leave the organization. The results also reveal that passive leadership behaviors are more common on higher hierarchical levels compared to lower.

    Limitations

    Limitations related to common method variance, response set tendencies and lack of response rate are discussed.

    Research/practical implications

    The results emphasize the importance of focusing on passive leadership behaviors in the research field of destructive leadership. From a practical perspective, implications for military organizations are discussed.

    Originality/Value

    Since most of the studies on passive leadership are conducted in civilian settings, the results from this paper contribute with context-specific knowledge about passive leadership in a military setting.

  • 85.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Character- and relationship-based trust in superior and subordinate military leaders2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 86.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Karlstads universitet.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Department of Leadership Development, Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Bergen, Norway.
    Eid, Jarle
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Kjellevold Olsen, Olav
    Department of Leadership Development, Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Bergen, Norway.
    Trust in a military context: What contributes to trust in superior and subordinate leaders2013In: Journal of Trust Research, ISSN 2151-5581, E-ISSN 2151-559X, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 125-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore which components military personnel in peacekeeping operations perceive as contributing to trust in their superior and subordinate leaders during international or national operations or exercises. Data were collected among 591 military officers and cadets from Norway and Sweden using a questionnaire with open-ended questions. Two superior categories emerged: Individual-Related Characteristics and Communication- and Relationship-Related Characteristics. The former is made up of the higher-level categories Personal attributes and Experience and competence. The latter is derived from the higher-level categories Consideration and inspiration and Effective communication. In turn, all higher-level categories are underpinned by a number of subcategories (13 altogether). When comparing trust in superior leaders with trust in subordinate leaders, the results show that trust in superiors is characterised to a greater extent by Communication- and Relationship-related characteristics and also by Experience and professional knowledge. Trust in subordinate leaders is characterised to a greater extent by Personal attributes and Management competence.

  • 87.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Civil-militär samverkan på departementsnivå: påverkan frånfältnivån i Afghanistan2007Report (Other academic)
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 88.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Den osynliga fienden: IED-attentats påverkan på ledarskap, tillit och motivation2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att erhålla fördjupad förståelse av hur allvarliga incidenter som inträffat under tjänstgöring i Afghanistan (huvudsakligen Improvised Explosive Device-attentat) påverkar ledarskap, tillit och motivation. Totalt intervjuades 21 personer, 16 officerare och fem civila. Alla informanter har tjänstgjort i Afghanistan och kan delas in i följande kategorier: (a) indirekta ledare (förbandschefer), (b) direkta ledare (grupp/teamledare för grupper som varit involverade i incidenter), (c) individer involverade i incidenten, (d) individer tillhörande involverad grupp men ej direkt involverade i incidenten, samt (e) individer som inte tillhörde involverad grupp men aktuellt förband. Incidenterna som studerades var framförallt IED-attentat där svenskar omkommit, skadats eller klarat sig utan skador.Resultatet visar på en kedjereaktion: individ- och omgivningsförhållanden påverkar individernas generella uppfattningar av insatsen som i sin tur påverkar uppfattningar, reaktioner och ageranden under och direkt efter incidenter. De omedelbara reaktionerna påverkar i sin tur resultatet av såväl de specifika incidenterna som insatsen generellt. Genomgående visar resultatet på svårigheter att hantera "den osynliga fienden". IED-attentat uppfattas vara svåra, om inte omöjliga, att upptäcka och påverka, vilket leder till en frustration hos både underställda och ledare. Andra aspekter som behandlas i rapporten är bland annat hur incidenter uppfattas, tillit, motivation, sorghantering och beslutsfattande. Slutligen ges praktiska råd till ledare som ska tjänstgöra i Afghanistan.

    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 89.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Is the glass full or empty?: The Influence of critical incidents on trust during international military missions2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    ME01: ledarskap, tillit och motivation2010Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 91.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Should I stay or should I go?: The influence of critical incidents on motivation during international military missions2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 92.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Svenska förband i Afghanistan: Ledarskap, tillit och motivation2009Report (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Trust during international military operations: A Study of how trust and critical incidents influence each other2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Destrudo-L: development of a short scale designed to measure destructive leadership2010Report (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destructive leadership: An international comparison2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The vast majority of leadership studies have focused on positive aspects such as how leadership can contribute to organisational effectiveness, individual work satisfaction, etc. In an attempt to capture real leadership processes, and thus to avoid a long time one-sided focus upon the positive aspects of leadership, an evaluation form of destructive leadership behaviours, Destrudo-L, was developed. This instrument comprises five factors measuring destructive leader behaviours: (1) Arrogant, unfair (2) Threats, punishments, over-demands (3) Ego-oriented, false (4) Passive, cowardly, and (5) Uncertain, unclear, messy.

  • 96.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destruktivt ledarskap och motivation2008Report (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destruktivt ledarskap: Utveckling av ett ledarskapsformulär2009Report (Other academic)
  • 98.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Education on the Dark Sides of Leadership with Focus on Subordinates Motivation2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Utbildning i destruktivt ledarskap2011Report (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Utbildning i ledarskapets mörka sidor med fokus på underställdas motivation2009Report (Other academic)
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