Logo: to the web site of the Swedish Defence University

fhs.se
Change search
Refine search result
12 51 - 59 of 59
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 51.
    Schüler, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm. University West, (SWE).
    Planning for Safety when Preparing for War: Competition Brings Out the Wickedness of the Military2022In: 27th ICCRTS Proceedings, International Command and Control Institute , 2022, p. 1-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study investigates how two-sided military exercises affect learning and participating personnel's ability to perform tasks safely when confronted with an equally matched opponent. Data were collected from two separate events the Northern Wind 2019 Final Planning Conference and the Northern Wind 2019 exercise using participatory observations and shadowing. The outline of the critical incident technique was used as a guide when designing the data collection and the activity theory framework was used for coding and analyzing the data. The results indicate that a driven desire to win two-sided military exercises can create unsafe work practices by performing work tasks without regard for occupational-, electrical- or fire safety. The results also indicate a need for reshaping the conception of a two-sided military exercise by treating the exercise as a learning opportunity and recognizing the impact of the participating unit on each other’s learning. The study is based on the results of one army exercise and requires further research to understand the activities that take place and how they affect learning and safety. However, it gives some insight into the learning problems occurring during military field exercises.

  • 52.
    Schüler, Martin
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm. University West, (SWE).
    Bjurström, Erik
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Blurring the lines: Merging aspects of human cognition and artificial intelligence2022In: 27th ICCRTS Proceedings, International Command and Control Institute , 2022, p. 1-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the transformation of Twitter from a usable tool for spreading information to a space for learning. When we talk about different software, we in many cases can’t phantom their outreach and connectivity. Specific software solutions have been integrated into our lives making them a part of ourselves. Specific tools can be designed to enhance specific functions within the software such as automatic accounts spreading keywords users write. Users are humans and perceive their cyber environment in the same way as they perceive human interaction in real life. The transformation changed the tool to an area of operation where different stakeholders can interact with each other. From an intelligence perspective, the distinction between technology and HUMINT no longer serves its purposes of classification – it has merged into one and the same. From the perspective of C2, information technology in itself is still emphasized at the cost of other dimensions, hence obscuring the very mechanisms of how what is only seen as social media in fact is a dimension of itself. While the human dimension is sometimes addressed, there is a dearth of research exploring its workings.

  • 53.
    Schüler, Martin
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Matuszczyk, J. Vega
    University West, (SWE).
    A Multi-Domain instrument for safety Climate: Military safety climate questionnaire (MSCQ) and NOSACQ-502022In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 154, article id 105851Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to adjust and develop Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire (NOSACQ-50) specifically for the military domain. Many safety climate instruments have been developed for complex organizations but few with a military perspective including military exercises and physical training. Data were collected during two separate occasions, experiment one (n = 956) and experiment two (n = 377). The questionnaire was distributed to civilian and military personnel working in the Swedish Armed Forces and to military cadets. The results of experiment one was then analyzed using principal component analyses and confirmatory factor analyses, the factor structure was reproduced in experiment two. The results from the study confirmed the reliability and validity of NOSACQ-50 as a safety climate instrument in the military organization. However, several new factors were identified with the military safety climate questionnaire (MSCQ). Physical fitness and exercises are important activities in the military but are less important in other organizations which could explain why it isn’t present in traditional safety climate instruments. This study identifies several limitations one being the design of questions suitable for both military and civilian personnel. Another limitation is combat operations, this data collection recognizes the field but was unable to capture data from actual combat operations. Further research is needed to fully develop more dimensions for both exercises and combat operations.

  • 54.
    Schüler, Martin
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Spak, UlrikSwedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Carlerby, Mats (Contributor)
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Granåsen, Magdalena (Contributor)
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut (FOI), (SWE).
    Rydmark, Joacim (Contributor)
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Spak, Ulrik (Contributor)
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Wikberg, Per (Contributor)
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut (FOI), (SWE).
    Perspektiv på ledning: Ledning och samverkan i totalförsvaret 2019 - 20212022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    Perspektiv på ledning: Ledning och samverkan i totalförsvaret 2019 - 2021
  • 55.
    Spak, Ulrik
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Lägesbildens betydelse för ledning: ett effektivt stöd för kommunikation av uppdrag?2022In: Perspektiv på ledning: Ledning och samverkan i totalförsvaret 2019-2021 / [ed] Martin Schüler, Ulrik Spak, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022, p. 56-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Spak, Ulrik
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Tidsaspekter vid ledning2022In: Perspektiv på ledning: Ledning och samverkan i totalförsvaret 2019 - 2021 / [ed] Martin Schüler, Ulrik Spak, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2022, p. 44-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Spak, Ulrik
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Andersson, Isabell
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Modelling command and control: potential negative effects of transferring features of the individual to the organisation2022In: Proceedings of the International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS) / [ed] David S. Alberts, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Both academics and professionals often claim that individuals in defense enterprises with access to the most relevant information and who possess the best situation awareness should decide upon what to do. This claim is typically interpreted as the person closest to the situation should decide, inferring that closeness automatically provides the best situation awareness. This interpretation is problematical however, partly because the term “situation” is undefined and partly because the individual would have to always be provided with information regarding the whole enterprise and also have the possibility to assimilate this information.

    This interpretation is probably influenced by prevalent descriptions or models of command and control (C2). The field of C2 research has developed models of C2 covering several different perspectives. Two distinct classes of models are represented in this paper. First, models stemming from an individual perspective, typically focused on decision-making are highlighted. Second, models focused on a systemic and activities perspective on C2 are presented. We refer to these as reference models. This paper provides a  relational analysis between the models of individual decision making and the C2 reference models. The analysis relates key features from the models of individual decision making to cornerstone aspects of the C2 reference models, especially aspects such as centralized/decentralized decision-rights. The discussion covers arguments to why it is important to avoid unreflected and noncritical transfer of features from one class of models to the other.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 58.
    Spak, Ulrik
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Andersson, Isabell
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Variety versus speed: how variety in competence within teams may affect performance in a dynamic decision-making task2023In: 28th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS), 2023 / [ed] David S. Alberts, 2023, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Command and control (C2) activities are conducted in various domains such as defence, emergency response, police and crises management. The problems in these domains are often characterized by complexity, i.e. having a high degree of variety. According to cybernetic theory, the variety of the controller (the C2 system) must equal or exceed that of the controlled system in the operational environment. The degree of variety sufficient to control a particular system is defined as requisite variety. 

    In this paper we aim to operationalize both external and internal variety, closing the gap between high level abstract descriptions and concrete solutions, in order to suggest practical propositions when designing C2 systems. C2 systems are composed by methods, technology, personnel and organization. In this work we focus on the aspects of personnel and organization. A particular interest is dedicated to the competence variable within the personnel component. We discuss, based on previous research on e.g. diversity, what dimensions of the competence variable may be of most importance when performing C2 activities to cope with complexity.

    However, a substantial amount of C2 research, also suggests that making fast decisions is important to cope with problems stemming from an adversary. We elaborate on the potential cost of high internal variety in that it may delay decisions in the C2 team because of a raised need for team communication. We conclude by presenting an investigative method, which includes simulated external complexity requiring dynamic decision-making that is handled by C2 teams with different types of competence (internal variety).

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 59.
    Sørlie, Henrik O.
    et al.
    University of Bergen, (NOR); Norwegian Defence Command and Staff College, (NOR).
    Hetland, Jørn
    University of Bergen, (NOR).
    Bakker, Arnold B.
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, (NLD); University of Johannesburg, (ZAF).
    Espevik, Roar
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm. Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, (NOR).
    Olsen, Olav K.
    University of Bergen, (NOR); BI Norwegian Business School, (NOR).
    Daily autonomy and job performance: Does person-organization fit act as a key resource?2022In: Journal of Vocational Behavior, ISSN 0001-8791, E-ISSN 1095-9084, Vol. 133, article id 103691Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, we integrate Person-Organization (P-O) fit and Job Demands-Resources theories to argue that P-O fit (i.e., value congruence between person and organization) is a key resource that facilitates the accumulation and activation of situational job resources. We hypothesize that P-O fit strengthens the well-established positive relationship between job autonomy and job performance. Measures of objective P-O fit were obtained for 43 Norwegian naval cadets before embarking on a training mission onboard a sailing ship. During the mission, we measured daily self-reported autonomy as well as peer-rated task and contextual performance for 30 consecutive days. As predicted, the results of multilevel modeling analyses showed that the relationship between daily autonomy and (a) next- (but not same-) day task performance, and (b) next- (and same-) day contextual performance is stronger positive for individuals high (vs. low) in P-O fit. Moreover, effects of the daily autonomy – P-O fit interaction were noticeable on performance several days after. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
12 51 - 59 of 59
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf