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  • 51.
    Ohlsson, Alicia
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad. Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, (SWE).
    Lindfors, Petra
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, (SWE).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad. Department of Health and Social Science, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, (NOR).
    Sverke, Magnus
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, (SWE).
    Political skill in higher military staff: Measurement properties and latent profile analysis2022In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 63, no 2, p. 144-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social effectiveness, including political skill, reflects individuals’ ways of handling interpersonal processes at work. Most research has used a variable-oriented approach to investigate associations between political skill and key organizational factors, including performance, in civil settings. Thus, little is known of whether political skill transfers to a military context and whether there are specific profiles of political skill. Combining variable-oriented and person-oriented approaches, this study used self-reports from two samples of military student officers to: (1) investigate measurement properties of the 18-item political skill inventory; (2) explore whether it is possible to identify different profiles of political skill; and (3) investigate whether such profiles differ in demographics, personality, and job performance. Exploratory (sample 1: n = 185) and confirmatory (sample 2: n = 183) factor analyses supported a four-dimensional representation of political skill including networking ability, apparent sincerity, social astuteness, and interpersonal influence. Latent profile analysis (samples 1 and 2: N = 368) identified four distinct combinations of these dimensions, namely: (1) weak political skill; (2) weak political skill with strong sincerity; (3) moderate political skill; and (4) strong political skill. Importantly, profiles differed consistently in networking ability. Subsequent comparisons suggested potentially important differences in demographics, personality, and job performance. Despite needing additional research of how profiles of political skill develop over time, these findings may have practical implications for recruitment and training in organizational settings where social effectiveness is important.

  • 52.
    Oprins, Esther
    et al.
    Human Behavior & Training, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (Tno), Soesterberg, (NLD).
    Kamphuis, Wim
    Human Behavior & Training, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (Tno), Soesterberg, (NLD).
    Westerveld, Lena
    Team Selection, Police Academy, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands, (NLD).
    Huybens, Wouter
    Human Resources Policy, Ministry of Defence, Brussels, (BEL).
    Börjesson, Marcus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Johansson, Eva
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Aalto, Heli
    Human Performance Division, Finnish Defence Research Agency, Tuusula, (FIN).
    Predictive validity of a selection instrument measuring resilience: The INSPIRE resilience scale2024In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 58-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Military personnel needs to be resilient to be able to remain effective, motivated, and in good mental and physical health. Military organizations select on resilience to determine whether candidates are psychologically fit for their job. The INSPIRE Resilience Scale (IRS) is such a selection instrument that aims to assess the psychological resilience potential of candidates in high-risk professions. A longitudinal predictive validity study was conducted in five European Defense organizations and in the Dutch National Police. The IRS was submitted in selection (N = 11,404), and criterion data about performance and health were collected in the second half of the first training year (N = 726). The results based on correlational and regression analyses showed that the IRS scores significantly predicted the criterion measures. Emotional stability, part of the IRS, turned out to be the best predictor. Results also showed that candidates who dropped out of training had significantly lower means on the IRS in selection than candidates who were still in training in the second half of the first training year. Overall, the IRS proved to be a valid instrument to assess resilience potential in candidates for high-risk professions. Selecting on resilience may therefore contribute to training success and reduction of health problems.

  • 53.
    Oskarsson, Emma
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Nilsson, Joel
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Varför påbörjar individer spcialistofficersutbildning?2021Report (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Oskarsson, Emma
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Nilsson, Joel
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Work-life balance among newly employed officers: a qualitative study2021In: Health Psychology Report, ISSN 2353-4184, E-ISSN 2353-5571, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 39-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A military career puts great demands on the individual as regards combining working life and private life. The military and the family both demand time, energy, engagement, and commitment from the individual. Finding an appropriate balance between work and non-work might be particularly complex during military training and deployments that require extended periods away from home. The aim of this study was to investigate newly employed officers’ perceptions of work-life balance and its implications for future careers.

    Participants and procedure: This article is based on 34 semi-structured interviews with newly employed officers and non-commissioned officers in the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF). The interviews were analyzed according to the six-phase approach of coding and theme development by thematic analysis.

    Results: The analysis resulted in the emergence of three main themes: coping with different loyalties, individual and organizational strategies, and concerns about the future. All officers expressed loyalty to their work and organization, but these perceptions were influenced by significant others in private life. High ambitions in combination with stressful working conditions made organizational supportive strategies important, but these differed between units. Concerns about a constantly high workload and lack of recovery were highlighted, as well as concerns about future career and family building.

    Conclusions: In order to retain qualified personnel, the SAF should provide support and create conditions that help employees to balance work and non-work. A career in the Armed Forces will inevitably entail a reduced work-life balance, and our results show that the newly employed officers are highly aware of this. To ease the pressure, the SAF could be clearer about the expectations on their new employees.

  • 55.
    Persson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, (SWE).
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Linehagen, Frida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Stockholm. Lunds universitet, (SWE).
    Skolans värld möter samhällskriser2022Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringar, pandemier och skolskjutningar är alla exempel på samhällskriser som aktualiserar frågan om hur skolans personal arbetar i krissituationer. Vilken beredskap har skolan att hantera samhällskriser? Vilka kompetenser behöver skolans personal? Vad innebär det att vara en krisaktör? I boken beskrivs olika typer av samhällskriser, deras faser, orsaker och karaktäristika. Författarna argumenterar för att krishantering bör ses som en aspekt av den professionella lärarkunskapen och läsaren får ta de del av konkreta strategier och förhållningssätt som är en del av skolans krishantering. Barnperspektivet lyfts fram, liksom situationen i svensk skola och vilka förutsättningar som här finns för ett fungerande krishanteringsarbete, inte minst när det gäller förebyggande insatser. Skolans värld möter samhällskriser riktar sig till skolpersonal som behöver kunskap om krishantering i skolan. Boken innehåller forskningsnära diskussioner om hur en kris på olika sätt påverkar skolan, dess personal och eleverna. Den presenterar praktiska övningar för reflektion som kan användas som underlag i utbildning av blivande och verksamma lärare, men också av rektorer och annan skolpersonal.

  • 56.
    Sjöstrand, Monica
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Att leda och organisera ett systematiskt kvalitetsarbete2021In: Metodhandbok för rektorer / [ed] U. Auno, G. Berg., & F. Sundh, Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, p. 179-214Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Smaliukiene, Rasa
    et al.
    General Jonas Zemaitis Military Academy of Lithuania, (LTU); Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, (LTU).
    Bekesiene, Svajone
    General Jonas Zemaitis Military Academy of Lithuania, (LTU).
    Mazeikiene, Asta
    Vilnius University, (LTU).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad. Vilnius University, (LTU); Inland University College of Applied Sciences, (NOR).
    Karciauskaite, Dovile
    Vilnius University, (LTU).
    Mazgelyte, Egle
    Vilnius University, (LTU).
    Vaicaitiene, Ramute
    General Jonas Zemaitis Military Academy of Lithuania, (LTU).
    Hair Cortisol, Perceived Stress, and the Effect of Group Dynamics: A Longitudinal Study of Young Men during Compulsory Military Training in Lithuania2022In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 3, article id 1663Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows a nonlinear dependency between hair cortisol concentrations and perceived stress levels. This may be due to stress being targeted at the individual level despite it also being a social phenomenon which is often affected by group dynamics. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the influence of perceived stress on the hair cortisol level, considering the impact of the variables of group dynamics (interpersonal, task, and norm cohesion). Information was collected on 11 groups of, in total, 112 young men in three phases of time during their compulsory military training (covering nine months in total). The classification and regression tree (C&RT) method was used to predict hair cortisol concentrations in groups. The results show that the variability of the hair cortisol level in young men groups can be explained by perceived stress only when the groups were in formation process (47.7% normalised importance in Model 1) and when the groups were working on their final tasks (37.80% normalised importance in Model 3); meanwhile, the importance of perceived stress in explaining hair cortisol concentrations is low when the group is in a routine period of a group life-span (28.9% normalised importance in Model 2). Interpersonal cohesion (normalised importance 100% in Model 1 and 80.0% in Model 3) and task cohesion (normalised importance 78.6% in Model 2) were the most important predictors in the study area. These results point to the importance of the elements of group dynamics when it comes to explaining the nature of hair cortisol as accumulated stress biomarkers in young men.

  • 58.
    Svensén, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Börjesson, Marcus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Validering av urvalsprocessen till Officersprogrammet: Delrapportering mätning 1 och 2 20212021Report (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Svensén, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division.
    Rekryteringsunderlaget 20192020Report (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Söderhjelm, Teresa Martha
    et al.
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, (SWE).
    Nordling, Tone
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, (SWE).
    Sandahl, Christer
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, (SWE).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Palm, Kristina
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, (SWE).
    Transfer and maintenance of knowledge from leadership development2021In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 273-286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the possible factors related to transfer of knowledge andskills from two leadership development courses to the work environment and its maintenance for two yearspost training.

    Design/methodology/approach – A total of 12 leaders in two different types of courses were interviewed atleast two years after their participation. Thematic analysis was used to identify patterns within the data thatexplained if, how and why these leaders used this knowledge and these skills in their leadership practice.

    Findings – The most influential themes identified were personalized feedback in the courses, increasedconfidence in leadership roles after the courses, the opportunity to use new knowledge and skills at work,employee feedback, management facilitation and continual reflection.

    Practical implications – Leadership development programs should include personalized feedback andreinforce continual reflection on the feedback and course content. The short-term goal of such programs should beto increase leaders’ confidence in their leadership role. The employer must offer opportunities for continualreflection, facilitate dialogue with employees, peers or superiors for long-term maintenance of skills and knowledge.

    Originality/value – Outcome studies of leadership development programs are scarce and long-termfollow-up of transfer and maintenance of knowledge, as this one, even more unusual.

  • 61.
    Tomteberget, Dag Tommy
    et al.
    Norwegian Armed Forces Veteran Centre, Kongsvinger, (NOR).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Interrelationship of daily uplifts, daily hassles, coping strategies and stress reactions over time among Norwegian military veterans2020In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research was to gain deeper understanding of how military personnel with a record of participation in international operations experience the interaction between daily uplifts, daily hassles, coping strategies and stress reactions over time. Interviews were conducted with 15 Norwegian veterans who were guests at the Norwegian Armed Forces Veteran Centre, who had served in different international military operations between 1978 and 2012. Using the grounded theory method, five time periods were identified showing evolving patterns. The theoretical model developed showed that over time, the veterans could be categorized in four sub-groups according to how their everyday lives were affected by daily uplifts, daily hassles and different coping strategies. The research identified several factors which immediately, and over time, can evolve in such a way they lead to stress reactions and PTSD. Mentionable factors are training and education of non-combatant personnel, lack of follow-up, the duality of pride and deprivation of cohesion after duty. Identifying these factors is important for future development of educational systems before deployment and for better follow-up systems afterwards.

  • 62.
    Torp Stensvehagen, Marianne
    et al.
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, (NOR), University of Oslo, (NOR).
    Arnesveen Bronken, Berit
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, (NOR).
    Lien, Lars
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, (NOR), University of Oslo, (NOR), Innlandet Hospital Trust, Brumunddal, (NOR).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad. Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway.
    Interrelationship of posttraumatic stress, hassles, uplifts, and coping in women with a history of severe sexual abuse: a cross-sectional study2022In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518, Vol. 37, no 5-6, p. 2289-2309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experiencing trauma, such as sexual abuse, increases the risk of a negative health outcome. The aim of the present study was to compare two groups of female survivors of sexual abuse, one group with a lower indication of posttraumatic stress disorder (L-PTSD) and one with a higher indication of posttraumatic stress disorder (H-PTSD). We hypothesized that, with a history of sexual abuse, higher levels of PTSD symptoms would be associated with more daily hassles, fewer daily uplifts, and more maladaptive coping strategies, and that there would be more reporting of severe types of sexual victimization, less resourceful socioeconomic conditions and a lower level of emotional stability. A questionnaire, including measures of socioeconomic conditions, trauma experience, emotional stability (the Single-Item Measures of Personality), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL), daily hassles and uplifts (the Stress Profile), and coping strategies (the Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced [COPE] questionnaire), was completed by 57 female users at nine support centers for survivors of incest and sexual abuse in Norway. The results show that the H-PTSD group reported significantly more daily hassles, fewer daily uplifts, and more use of maladaptive coping strategies. The L-PTSD group reported more emotional stability, fewer daily hassles, and more uplifts, and used more adaptive coping strategies. However, few differences were found between the H-PTSD and the L-PTSD groups with regard to severity of sexual abuse and socioeconomic conditions. The results on the hassle, uplift, and coping scales are potentially interesting from an interventional point of view. Major life events such as sexual abuse may be out of control for the afflicted victim. Appraisal of and coping with everyday events, however, can be affected and offer interesting possibilities for interventions directed at the survivor, her significant others, and professional helpers.

  • 63.
    Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Sjøforsvarsstaben/Sjøkrigsskolen, Norge.
    Monsen, Rolf Eivind
    Sjøkrigsskolen, Norge.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Å ta liv i kamp: En operativ, moralsk og psykologisk utfordring2018In: Necesse, ISSN 2464-353X, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 10-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [no]

    I denne studien kartlegger vi hvordan det oppleves å ta liv i kamp. I forlengelse av det drøfter vi hva som skal til for å bli i stand til å drepe i skarpe operasjoner. Studien viser at soldater ikke opplever moralsk stress når de tar liv i situasjoner der de selv er truet. Våre funn peker i retning av at det er naturlig for mennesker å ta liv når situasjonen tilsier at det er helt nødvendig for å overleve samtidig som den sosiale rammen anerkjenner handlingen. Trening som vektlegger at soldater utsettes for sterkt gruppepress og rollemodeller med sterk autoritet, er ikke nødvendig for å sette soldater i stand til å drepe. Våre funn viser at soldater som har tatt liv i situasjoner der de har vært i livsfare, ofte opplever mestring og personlig vekst (PTG) etter hendelsen. I studien referer vi til et kvalitativt forskningsprosjekt der vi har intervjuet 28 soldater.1 Vi referer også til et kvantitativt materiale der 82 soldater deltok. I denne studien drøfter vi våre funn i relasjon til ulike teoretiske modeller som forsøker å svare på vår problemstilling.

    1Resultater fra denne undersøkelsen vil bli presentert i sin fulle bredde i bokform i 2018.

  • 64.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Decision-making in a military staff context: A qualitative study on norms, challenges and difficulties2020In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 10, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Outcomes of leadership are traditionally attributed to the leader's individual characteristics and leadership style. One aspect that has been less visible in leadership models is how the decision-making process affects perception of leadership quality. Another aspect that probably exerts an impact is the difficulty level of the decisions, how they affect subordinates and the organization. The purpose of this study is to obtain a deeper understanding of decision challenges in relation to the strategic leadership level. Data were collected through qualitative, semi-structured interviews. In total, nineteen leaders at strategic organizational level were included who all possessed previous experience of decision-making within national and international staff work. The interviews were analysed according to a thematic analysis. Several decision-making challenges were described in the interviews. The study supports the conclusion that the objective, and especially the subjective, outcome of leadership is dependent on decision difficulty.

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  • 65.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Berglund, Anna Karin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Brandow, Carina
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Hede, Susanne
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Anchoring Sweden’s Downsized Military: People’s Attitude to, Knowledge About, and Trust in Our Military Defense2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, ISSN 2596-3856, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 78-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The hypothesis was that post-Cold War downsizing of the military defense is associated with low levels of public anchoring, and that better anchoring is associated with a perception of a better performance by the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) and with a SAF connection and military experience. An additional research question concerned the level of concordance between the military and political elites and the population on these issues. A questionnaire was sent to 3,000 randomly selected residents. The results showed that post-Cold War downsizing was only partly associated with low levels of anchoring. Better anchoring was associated with a perception of a better performance by the SAF and with SAF connection and experience. There was significant concordance between the elites and the public. The study shows that anchoring is best supported by increased communication of the results and benefits of the military defense to all subgroups of the population.

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  • 66.
    Wisén, Niclas
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet, (SWE).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Arborelius, Ulf
    Karolinska institutet, (SWE).
    Risling, Mårten
    Karolinska institutet, (SWE).
    Are Peacekeeping Missions Inevitably Stressful?2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, E-ISSN 2596-3856, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 210-219Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 67.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Nilsson, Joel
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Hellum, Nina
    Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, (NOR).
    The motivation to serve in the military among Swedish and Norwegian soldiers: a comparative study2020In: Journal of Defense Resources Management, ISSN 2068-9403, E-ISSN 2247-6466, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 30-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The geographic location of Sweden and Norway, combined with a deteriorated security situation in the Nordic Region and a renewed focus on national defense, makes the development of their armed forces a hot topic. In Sweden, after years of downsizing, the Armed Forces are now building up again, and the NATO member Norway has the strategic location bordering the Barents Sea in the North. These circumstances underline the importance of the motivation to serve among enlisted personnel in order to ensure a sufficient manning of the armed forces. A qualitative interview study was conducted with enlisted soldiers in Sweden and Norway with the aim of studying the motivation to serve among this population. A thematic analysis was used and results show that the motivation to serve could be understood from the following three themes: The Military as a Stepping Stone, International Mission, and Geographical Location and Benefits. 

  • 68.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Nilsson, Joel
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Holmgren, John
    Uppföljning av Särskild Officersutbildning (SOFU)2021Report (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Oskarsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Nilsson, Joel
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Perceptions of Officer Training Among Newly Employed Officers and Specialist Officers in the Swedish Armed Forces: A Qualitative Study2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, E-ISSN 2596-3856, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 50-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Professional officer training in Sweden has gone through some major changes in the last 30 years. The current officer system is a two-category system, where officers complete the three-year academic Officers’ Programme, and specialist officers complete 18 months of vocational training at the Swedish Armed Forces’ training schools. The aim of this study was to investigate newly graduated officers’ and specialist officers’ perceptions of their officer training. Results showed that their perceptions could be covered by three overriding themes: identification, vertical versus horizontal career paths and the perceived relevance of the officer training. Furthermore, the respondents’ officer identification seemed to have developed before officer training, and the individual motivators concerned deliberate choices of becoming either an officer or a specialist officer. Coaching was crucial to both officers and specialist officers. However, the officers stated that coaching came at an early stage of their basic military training, whereas specialist officers were coached at a later stage in their career. The implications for the Swedish Armed Forces is that identification and career path are issues that need to be addressed early in a soldier’s military career, and that officer training needs to be more focussed on defining career paths, especially for specialist officers.   

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