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  • 51.
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Psykologiska perspektiv på risk- och krishanteringsförmåga: en kunskapsöversikt2010Report (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Recalling Chernobyl: reflections among Swedish farmers2006In: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, ISSN 0280-7270, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 251-269Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Vilken syn har allmänheten på risk och säkerhet?2009In: Räddningsledaren: medlemsinformation, ISSN 1104-3776, no 2, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 54.
    Enander, Ann
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hede, Susanne
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Public´s participation adds value to exercises2006In: Homeland Protection Professional, ISSN 1556-0031, Vol. June, p. 14-19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Enander, Ann
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hede, Susanne
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Lajksjö, Örjan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    One crisis after another Municipal experiences of severe storm in the shadow of the tsunami2009In: Disaster Prevention and Management, ISSN 0965-3562, E-ISSN 1758-6100, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 137-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to develop a theoretical understanding of experiences of crisis management among municipal leaders Design/methodology/approach - A total of 16 chief officers and three politicians from three different municipalities were Interviewed concerning experiences of dealing with it severe storm Data were analyzed by a grounded theory approach Findings - Data analysis generated model Central to the model is all evaluation sphere, which reflects tension between everyday circumstances and crisis needs, between assessments of legislation and practices its it support or hindrance. and assessments of human vulnerability versus coping resources Manager characteristics, the societal context within which the event occurred, and crisis characteristics all Influence this evaluation sphere Particular stressors include the fact that the leaders themselves were personally affected by the storm, the difficult decisions and assessments that had to be made, the uncertainty of the situation and the timing, soon after the tsunami Crisis management, decisions and actions can be seen its formed from the evaluation sphere and the Influencing factors Research limitations/implications - The paper has a small sample and limited representativeness Generalizability of the model should be tested in other crisis events Practical implication - The model call be used its a tool to design exercises and its it guideline for authorities, in providing preparedness and crisis support Originality/value - The paper provides, a theoretical model highlighting the complex evaluations underlying managers' decisions and actions lit real-life situations

  • 56.
    Enander, Ann
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Lajksjö, Örjan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    A Tear in the Social Fabric: Local Communities Dealing with Socially Generated Crises2010In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 39-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to develop knowledge about demands and experiences relating to management of socially generated crises in local communities. Interviews were conducted in four municipalities with experiences of such situations, e.g., widely publicized murders, suicides or cases of sexual abuse. A modified grounded theory analysis of the interviews identified six central themes. Two themes pertained to the actual event and its consequences; two concerned the management of the crisis; and two themes focused on reactions and needs among those involved. Basic tensions were identified between confidentiality and openness, between support and accountability and between empathy and distancing. Similarities and differences in relation to management of other kinds of crises are discussed.

  • 57.
    Enander, Ann
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Lajksjö, Örjan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Det händer mitt ibland oss: kommunala erfarenheter av socialt genererade kriser2008Report (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Enander, Ann
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Psychological reactions and experiences among Swedish citizens resident in Kobe during the 1995 earthquake1999In: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, ISSN 0280-7270, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 185-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses reactions and experiences of temporary residents and transients in a community struck by a major natural disaster. A retrospective questionnaire study was conducted among a group of Swedish citizens who were resident in Kobe during the Great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake. Respondents describe aspects of their behavior before, during, and after the earthquake. The findings indicate that, as a group, the Swedes appear to have coped well, even though they were not well-prepared for this type of situation. One factor found to be related to the behavioral responses was ability to speak the local language, in this case Japanese. On the basis of the study results, some particular needs and resources of foreign residents are discussed.  

  • 59.
    Estrada, Armando X.
    et al.
    Washington State Univ, Dept Psychol, Vancouver, WA USA.
    Berggren, Anders W.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Sexual Harassment and its Impact for Women Officers and Cadets in the Swedish Armed Forces2009In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 162-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examined the incidence, dimensions, and impact of sexual harassment on women officers and cadets in the Swedish military (N = 324). We expected that harassment rates for direct measures would be lower than for indirect measures; hostile environment harassment would be more prevalent than quid pro quo harassment; and harassment would negatively influence women's job-related outcomes and their psychological and physical health. We found that harassment rates for direct measures were lower than indirect measures; hostile environment harassment was more prevalent than quid pro quo harassment; and harassment was associated with decreased job satisfaction, organizational commitment, work group effectiveness, and psychological and physical health. We discuss the theoretical, methodological, and practical implications of our findings for studying harassment across cultures.

  • 60. Estrada, Armando X.
    et al.
    Olson, Kristine J.
    Harbke, Colin R.
    Berggren, Anders W.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Evaluating a Brief Scale Measuring Psychological Climate for Sexual Harassment2011In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 410-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluated the measurement properties of the psychological climate for sexual harassment (PCSH) questionnaire with data from women officers (n = 311) in the Swedish Armed Forces. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that a two-factor solution assessing risks and seriousness/actions associated with sexual harassment episodes described the underlying pattern of correlations among items. Correlational and regression analyses showed that ratings of perceived intolerance for sexual harassment were associated with high ratings of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and (positive) mental health; and decreased ratings of psychological distress. We discuss the theoretical, methodological, and practical implications of our findings for future research.

  • 61.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Karlstads universitet.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Department of Leadership Development, Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Bergen, Norway.
    Eid, Jarle
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Kjellevold Olsen, Olav
    Department of Leadership Development, Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Bergen, Norway.
    Trust in a military context: What contributes to trust in superior and subordinate leaders2013In: Journal of Trust Research, ISSN 2151-5581, E-ISSN 2151-559X, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 125-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore which components military personnel in peacekeeping operations perceive as contributing to trust in their superior and subordinate leaders during international or national operations or exercises. Data were collected among 591 military officers and cadets from Norway and Sweden using a questionnaire with open-ended questions. Two superior categories emerged: Individual-Related Characteristics and Communication- and Relationship-Related Characteristics. The former is made up of the higher-level categories Personal attributes and Experience and competence. The latter is derived from the higher-level categories Consideration and inspiration and Effective communication. In turn, all higher-level categories are underpinned by a number of subcategories (13 altogether). When comparing trust in superior leaders with trust in subordinate leaders, the results show that trust in superiors is characterised to a greater extent by Communication- and Relationship-related characteristics and also by Experience and professional knowledge. Trust in subordinate leaders is characterised to a greater extent by Personal attributes and Management competence.

  • 62.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Civil-militär samverkan på departementsnivå: påverkan frånfältnivån i Afghanistan2007Report (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Den osynliga fienden: IED-attentats påverkan på ledarskap, tillit och motivation2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att erhålla fördjupad förståelse av hur allvarliga incidenter som inträffat under tjänstgöring i Afghanistan (huvudsakligen Improvised Explosive Device-attentat) påverkar ledarskap, tillit och motivation. Totalt intervjuades 21 personer, 16 officerare och fem civila. Alla informanter har tjänstgjort i Afghanistan och kan delas in i följande kategorier: (a) indirekta ledare (förbandschefer), (b) direkta ledare (grupp/teamledare för grupper som varit involverade i incidenter), (c) individer involverade i incidenten, (d) individer tillhörande involverad grupp men ej direkt involverade i incidenten, samt (e) individer som inte tillhörde involverad grupp men aktuellt förband. Incidenterna som studerades var framförallt IED-attentat där svenskar omkommit, skadats eller klarat sig utan skador.Resultatet visar på en kedjereaktion: individ- och omgivningsförhållanden påverkar individernas generella uppfattningar av insatsen som i sin tur påverkar uppfattningar, reaktioner och ageranden under och direkt efter incidenter. De omedelbara reaktionerna påverkar i sin tur resultatet av såväl de specifika incidenterna som insatsen generellt. Genomgående visar resultatet på svårigheter att hantera "den osynliga fienden". IED-attentat uppfattas vara svåra, om inte omöjliga, att upptäcka och påverka, vilket leder till en frustration hos både underställda och ledare. Andra aspekter som behandlas i rapporten är bland annat hur incidenter uppfattas, tillit, motivation, sorghantering och beslutsfattande. Slutligen ges praktiska råd till ledare som ska tjänstgöra i Afghanistan.

  • 64.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    ME01: ledarskap, tillit och motivation2010Report (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Svenska förband i Afghanistan: Ledarskap, tillit och motivation2009Report (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Destrudo-L: development of a short scale designed to measure destructive leadership2010Report (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Utbildning i destruktivt ledarskap2011Report (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Berggren, Anders
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Tillit under påfrestande förhållanden vid internationella missioner2006Report (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Friis, Karsten
    et al.
    Norska utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Rehman, Sanaa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Mustonen, Jari
    Stepputat, Finn
    Grönberg, Göran
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Nordic Approaches to Whole-of-Government: in Afghanistan and beyond2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Comprehensive Approach (CA) and Whole-of-Government Approach (WGA) are rather new concepts within the field of security studies. They can be described as approaches based on the assumption that greater integration, coherence and coordination will result in more effective peacekeeping operations. The concept of CA has been adopted by different international organizations and WGA by several countries which in different ways have realted to the concept in propositions and steering documents. Sweden, Finland, Norway and Denmark have also realized the importance of CA/WGA, not least as regards the ongoing operation in Afghanistan where all the Nordic countries are involved and where the operation is characterized by a range of actors working in different missions withing the same field. What do these Nordic national strategies towards CA/WGA look like? Might we speak of a common Nordic CA/WGA model?

  • 70.
    Fürst, Henrik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ford, Harry
    Core Values and the Expeditionary Mindset2010Report (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Fürst, Henrik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Kümmel, GerhardSozialwissenschaftliche Institut der Bundeswehr (SOWI).
    Core values and the expeditionary mindset: armed forces in metamorphosis2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is quite some consensus that today’s international security environment has substantially changed following the end of the Cold War in 1989/90 and that this requires the transformation of modern armed forces from conventional ones to something else. This ‘something else’ may indeed be an expeditionary military. The military metamorphosis that is needed seems to be nothing less than a substantial overhaul of the armed forces in various dimensions. One obvious dimension is organizational structure. The second dimension is technology and especially armament technology where weapons and equipment need to be adapted to present-day conflict and combat challenges including a shift in focus of procurement policies. The third dimension rests with the assumption that the given, current security political landscape necessitates a change not only in the military’s organizational format and technological posture, but also in mindset. Changing the conventional military mindset towards one that is focused on expeditionary operations calls into question how such a transformation will influence the core values of the military. The fourth and final dimension is educating and training the soldiers because expeditionary operations call for additional skills and expertise compared to those required for a Cold War military mission.

    The contributions to this book focus on the mindset and the core values of an expeditionary military and take different avenues to approach these themes. At times, they also reach out into the other dimensions. The book is divided into two parts. The first part covers concepts and conceptual approaches, while the second part contains contributions that basically carry case-study character. The contributors belong to a wide range of academic disciplines, which allows for different avenues and perspectives on our topic, thus enriching our knowledge of the problems involved. The book is of great interest and relevance to academia, military practitioners and political decision-makers.

  • 72.
    Fürst, Henrik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Kümmel, Gerhard
    Sozialwissenschaftliche Institut der Bundeswehr (SOWI).
    Emotions: a neglected dimension in the expeditionary mindset2011In: Core values and the expeditionary mindset: armed forces in metamorphosis / [ed] Henrik Fürst och Gerhard Kümmel, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2011, 1, , p. 228p. 215-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 73.
    Gustavsson, Björn
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    De första specialistofficerarna i Försvarsmakten2010Report (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Gustavsson, Björn
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Levin Orre, Anna-Lena
    Thuresson, Annika
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Faktorer som påverkar viljan att stanna i Försvarsmakten, stressrelaterad ohälsa, trivsel på jobbet samt säkerhetsbeteende: Uppföljning av unga officerare2009Report (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Haldén, Eva
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Den svåra konsten att reformera: Från invasionsförsvar till insatsförsvar2007Book (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Haldén, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy. Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Angstrom, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    The poverty of power in military power: how collective power could benefit strategic studies2019In: Defense and Security Analysis, ISSN 1475-1798, E-ISSN 1475-1801, ISSN 1475-1798, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Strategic studies deals intimately with the topic of power. Most scholars in the discipline work with a concept of power as an adversarial zero-sum competition. This is natural and necessary. However, other conceptions of power developed within political science and sociology could enrich strategic studies. Approaching two typical, traditional tasks of strategy – alliance building and war-fighting – this article demonstrates the heuristic mileage of theories of collective power. In particular, we can shed new light on the post-Cold War transformation of NATO as well as state-building as a strategy in counter-insurgencies with new ideas of power. Broadening the palette of theories of power is thus valuable if strategic studies is to prosper as an independent field of study.

  • 77.
    Hauser, Gunther
    et al.
    Institute for Strategy and Security Policy, National Defence Academy, Austria.
    Kernic, FranzSwedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    China: The Rising Power2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Hede, Susanne
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Lull after the storm: municipal leaders reflect on multiple crisis experience2011In: Disaster Prevention and Management, ISSN 0965-3562, E-ISSN 1758-6100, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 281-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - This paper aims to develop a theoretical understanding of how multiple crisis experience affects preparedness issues, and how the learning potential of municipal crisis experience can be developed. The focus is on municipal decision-makers.

    Design/methodology/approach - Two group interviews were conducted with a total of 13 municipal Chief Officers and Politicians. Data were analysed by a grounded theory approach.

    Findings - A theoretical model is presented, which includes both managers' views on their experiences related to preparedness and how development/revision of crisis can be explained. Experiences are not entirely positive or negative. Managers have developed a good preparedness in some aspects but they are also conscious about shortcomings in their preparedness. The model includes: level one, primary assessments, including strengths and limitations; and level two, reflection, where difficult choices and dilemmas faced are recalled, and future concerns are expressed.

    Research limitations/implications - The sample is small and range of experience is limited, since both municipalities studied have been fairly successful in their crisis management.

    Practical implications - The findings can be used to develop evaluation and application of crisis experience by individuals and in the crisis management system, and to develop exercises.

    Originality/value - The empirical data resulting from this study show the complexity in crisis experience, the need for better evaluation and the value of group reflection in evaluation.

  • 79.
    Hede, Susanne
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Climate change and citizen behavior adaptation2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Hede, Susanne
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Lugna efter stormen?: Reflektioner i kommuner med multipla kriserfarenheter2008Report (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Hede, Susanne
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Lajksjö, Örjan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Storm i tsunamins skugga: Kommunala aktörers erfarenheter vid hantering av Gudrun2007Report (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Civil–Military Control over the Swedish Military Profession: An Analysis from the Perspective of Officer Rank and Officer Education2011In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 135-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Civil-military relations and the autonomy of the military profession in Sweden have varied over time depending on the perceived level of external threats. In this article, we set out to conduct an analysis of Swedish civil-military relations over a period of more than twenty-five years from 1984 to 2011. Our analysis is made from the perspective of civil-military control of (1) the military officer rank system and (2) the professional officer education system, for all three services. The analysis is based on Samuel Huntington's and Morris Janowitz's theoretical discussion of "objective" and "subjective" civilian control over the military and will give answers on how the Swedish armed forces have been effected by objective and subjective civilian control during the late Cold War era and after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. The findings of this study confirm the assumption that civil-military relations vary over time because of perceived external threats but also because of new threats, new tasks, and increased globalization and cooperation in multinational international operations.

  • 83.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Regular Officer Training, Professional Competence and Legitimacy: A study of the Regular Officer Training Programme in the field of tension between change and tradition2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Self-images among Swedish peacekeeping soldiers2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 85.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Self-Images Among Swedish Peacekeeping Soldiers?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 86.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Self-Images Among Swedish Peacekeeping soldiers: An Analysis and Theoretical Discussion of Soldiers’ National Self-Images in the Context of the Swedish Shift to an All-Volunteer Format2011In: Res Militaris, ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 2, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Team Training, Team Learning and Leadership in a Military Staff Exercise2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    The Swedish Soldiers’ Self-Image as Peacekeepers2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    What Motivates Swedish Soldiers to Participate in Peacekeeping Missions: Research Note2011In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848, Vol. 1, no 37, p. 180-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last ten years, the Swedish Armed Forces has undergone a transformationin its shift toward worldwide peacekeeping operations. Subsequently, the Swedishgovernment is moving away from conscription to an all-voluntary recruitment system.This transition may lead to substantial challenges in recruiting new soldiers for theArmed Forces as well as for peacekeeping operations. A key to successful recruitment is understanding what motivates young men and women to participate in peacekeepingoperations. This research note addresses questions about what motivated Swedishpeacekeeping soldiers to join the 5th mission to Liberia and the 14th mission toKosovo in 2006. Fabrizio Battistelli’s motivation typology, paleomodern, modern, andpostmodern, is used in the analysis. The results show that all three motives were represented but that postmodern motives were by far the most common motivator

  • 90.
    Hedlund, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Soeters, Joseph
    Nederland Defence Academy.
    Reflections on Swedish Peacekeepers' Self-image and Dilemmas of Peacekeeping2010In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 408-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Soldiers' self-images undoubtedly influence the way they recognize, perceive, plan and conduct their tasks. The article examines the self-image of Swedish peacekeepers in the UNMIL mission in Liberia and the UNMIK mission in Kosovo. The findings are based on interviews with 27 soldiers before, during and after deployment. Eleven dimensions of self-image were found, showing that the self-image refers almost entirely to the peacekeeping and not the war-fighting role. In addition, the Swedish soldiers hold themselves to be excellent peacekeepers. Departing from this observation, we discuss three dilemmas in peacekeeping that have implications beyond the Swedish armed forces. The argument is that being less self-referential may make peacekeeping more successful.

  • 91.
    Hedlund, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Weibull, Louise
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Soeters, Joseph
    Swedish-Irish cooperation in Liberia2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 92.
    Hedlund, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Weibull, Louise
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Soeters, Joseph
    Swedish-Irish Cooperation in Liberia2008In: Military Cooperation in Multinational Peace Operations: Managing Cultural Diversity and Crisis Response / [ed] Soeters, Joseph, Manigart, Philippe, Milton Park, Oxfordshire: Routledge, 2008, p. 153-165Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    De första officerarna i Försvarsmakten med en akademisk yrkesexamen2010Report (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Betydelsen av ledarskap, sammanhållning och kamratstöd för prevention och återhämtning/rehabilitering av individuella stressreaktioner: En litteraturöversikt2010Report (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Ivarsson, Sophia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Gender aware security - The make of UNSCR 1325?: an evaluation of the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and its implications for an altered view on military security2010Report (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Ivarsson, Sophia
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Edmark, Lina
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    UNSCR 1325 and cooperation: Opportunities for cooperation between swedish civilian and military actors in international conflict management when implementing UNSCR 13252008Report (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Ivarsson, Sophia
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Estrada, Armando Xavier
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Berggren, Anders W.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Understanding men's attitudes toward women in the Swedish armed forces2005In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 269-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examined attitudes toward women in the military in a random representative sample of 1,320 male officers from the Swedish Armed Forces. We expected age, education, rank, years of military service, sexist beliefs, and interpersonal contact to correlate with men's attitudes toward women in the military. Correlational analyses indicated that individuals expressing more positive attitudes toward women in the military tended to be younger, more educated, and higher in rank, were less likely to endorse sexist ideologies, and had greater interpersonal contact with women in the military. Regression analyses showed that education, rank, sexism, and contact emerged as the best predictors of these attitudes. Further examination of the effects of contact on these attitudes indicated that the quality of the contact experience was uniquely important in understanding men's attitudes toward women in the military. We discuss the implications of these findings for promoting greater acceptance of women in the military.

  • 98. Johansson, I.
    et al.
    Athlin, E.
    Frykholm, L.
    Bolinder, H.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Intermittent versus indwelling catheters for older patients with hip fractures2002In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 651-656Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing staff identified postoperative urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with hip fracture as an increasing problem. A quality improvement project was carried out to investigate the problem and to reduce the incidence. The aim of the study was to describe the occurrence of UTI among patients with hip fracture before and after surgery, to assess whether the decision to use intermittent catheters instead of indwelling catheters was adopted and to test the hypothesis that hospital stay is significantly longer for patients with UTI than for those without infection. One hundred and forty-four patients were investigated for bacteriuria before the first catheterization and 1 week after the last catheterization. Positive urine cultures on admission to hospital were found in 38% of patients. Among those free from bacteria on admission, 61% had a positive urine culture after indwelling catheterization compared with 32% in the group treated with intermittent catetherization. A significantly longer hospital stay (P less than or equal to 0.05) was found among patients with UTI. The reason for using an indwelling catheter was not found in any medical or nursing documentation for 29% of the patients. The study points to the necessity for systematic assessment to detect and prevent UTI among older patients with hip fracture.

  • 99. Johansson, I.
    et al.
    Athlin, E.
    Frykholm, L
    Boliner, H.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Urinary tract infections among patients with hip fracture: A study within a nursin quality improvement project2002In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 11, p. 651-656Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 100. Johansson, I.
    et al.
    Hamrin, E.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Psychometric testing of the NEECHAM Confusion Scale among patients with hip fracture2002In: Research in Nursing & Health, ISSN 0160-6891, E-ISSN 1098-240X, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 203-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of a Swedish translation of the NEECHAM Confusion Scale among 73 patients having surgery for hip fractures. Cronbach's alpha before and 7 days after surgery were .73 and .82, respectively. Principal-component analyses yielded three factors explaining 69% of the variance of the variables preoperatively and 73.6% of the variance 7 days postoperatively. Four months after discharge vital function, factor II in the NEECHAM scale, significantly predicted the total score on the Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life Index. Items reflecting information processing, behavior, and urinary continence, factor I, also predicted functional capacity, using the Standardized Practical Equipment test, a tool measuring instrumental daily activity. The scale seems to be a reliable and valid instrument for evaluating acute confusional state among patients with hip fracture.

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