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  • 51.
    Kleffner, Jann K
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The Scope of the Crimes Triggering the Responsibility to Protect2012In: Responsibility to Protect: From Principle to Practice / [ed] Julia Hoffmann, André Nollkaemper, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2012, p. 85-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Kleffner, Jann K
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Towards a Functional Conceptualization of the Temporal Scope of Jus Post Bellum2014In: Jus Post Bellum: Mapping the Normative Foundations / [ed] Carsten Stahn, Jennifer S. Easterday, Jens Iverson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, p. 287-296Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Appelgren, Jessica
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Frau, Robert
    Viadrina University Frankfurt/Oder.
    Unmanned Systems: Legal Aspects of the Use of Unmanned Systems in the Law of Armed Conflict and Human Rights Law2012Report (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Keeping the CyberPeace: International Legal Aspects of Cyber Activities in Peace Operations2013In: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, Vol. 89, p. 512-535Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Longworth, Sally
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Commentary: Admissibility challenge2014In: Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals: The International Criminal Court 2009 / [ed] André Klip och Steven Freeland, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2014, Vol. 41, p. 201-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Longworth, Sally
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Engdahl, Ola
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Getting perspective: Incorporating a gender perspective in military operations and the impact on international humanitarian law2014Report (Other academic)
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  • 57.
    Nollkaemper, André
    et al.
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Plakokefalos, IliasUtrecht University, The Netherlands.Schechinger, Jessica N. M.University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Kleffner, JannSwedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The Practice of Shared Responsibility in International Law: International Military Operations cluster2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Olovson, Natali
    Swedish Defence University.
    Hacking for the State?: The Use of Private Persons in Cyber Attacks and State Responsibility2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    While there are many examples to turn to regarding the thriving phenomenon of private persons being exploited to launch cyber attacks on behalf of states, this thesis will direct it’s attention onto two special cases. Russia has been accused of being the state actor behind the cyber attacks on Estonia in 2007 and Georgia in 2008. The cases are chosen as Estonia have been recognised as the first coordinated cyber attack on a foreign country, and Georgia being the first case were cyber attacks have been utilised in synchronisation with military action. The purpose of the thesis is to analyse the facts of each case in relation to the International Law Commission’s Draft Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts (DARSIWA). The analysis will work through article 4, article 5, article 8 and article 11. The main question is how Russia may be hold as legally responsible under international law for the private conduct of ’patriotic’ hackers, the Nashi Youth Group and the Russian Business Network. The thesis concludes that while the circumstances of each case highly indicate state-involvement, this cannot be proven under the respective criterias of the articles and Russia does therefore not bear legal responsibility.

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    Hacking for the state? by Natali Olovson
  • 59.
    Palmcrantz, Conrad
    Swedish Defence University.
    When we see something that is well beyond our understanding: The duty of States to investigate war crimes and how it applies to autonomous weapons systems2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses States’ duty to investigate grave breaches of humanitarian law and how it applies to deep reinforcement learning autonomous weapons. It identifies basic technologic intricacies related to deep reinforcement learning and discusses what issues may arise if such software is used in weapons systems. The thesis applies a legal doctrinal method to study how the technology could frustrate the grave breaches regime and hamper States’ ability to investigate suspected incidents. Furthermore, investigative standards under humanitarian law and human rights law are examined in the context of autonomous weapons systems.  The main argument is that deep reinforcement learning algorithms create a black box that is virtually impossible to investigate and consequently causes accountability issues. 

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    Thesis-Conrad-Palmcrantz
  • 60.
    Schmitt, Michael N.
    US Naval War College.
    Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare: Prepared by the International Group of Experts at the invitation of the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The product of a three-year project by twenty renowned international law scholars and practitioners, the Tallinn Manual identifies the international law applicable to cyber warfare and sets out ninety-five 'black-letter rules' governing such conflicts. It addresses topics including sovereignty, State responsibility, the jus ad bellum, international humanitarian law, and the law of neutrality. An extensive commentary accompanies each rule, which sets forth the rule's basis in treaty and customary law, explains how the group of experts interpreted applicable norms in the cyber context, and outlines any disagreements within the group as to each rule's application.

  • 61.
    Schmitt, Michael N.
    et al.
    Naval War Collage; University of Exeter; NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence.
    Vihul, LiisNATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence.
    Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 62. Weatherby, Pete
    et al.
    Longworth, Sally
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry: As One Season Ends, Does Another Begin?2010In: Yearbook on Islamic and Middle Eastern Law, Vol. 16, p. 91-109Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Folkrättslig reglering av användandet av bländande laser2010Report (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for International and Operational Law. Department of Law, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    International Humanitarian Law and Influence Operations: The Protection of Civilians from Unlawful Communication Influence Activities during Armed Conflict2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary armed conflicts are not only fought with physical means and methods. Increasingly, in order to achieve military and political objectives, parties to armed conflicts use communication activities to influence individuals. Armed groups such as ISIS use online propaganda to instil terror and recruit new fighters to their cause. In Syria and other conflict zones, medical personnel, aid workers and journalists are subjected to verbal threats and other types of intimidation. In the conflict in Eastern Ukraine, politicians are publicly discredited by having their pictures displayed on electronic billboards and being labelled as war criminals, while civilians are misled by false messages into assisting the opposing party with identifying targets for artillery fire.

    At the same time, communication is also used to increase the security for civilians in armed conflict. For example, parties to armed conflicts have an obligation to issue warnings before launching attacks on military objectives that may affect the civilian population. Thus, although communication activities can be used to increase security for civilians in armed conflict, they may also cause physical and mental harm to civilians.

    This prompts a question of law: Where does the boundary lie between prohibited and lawful use of communication activities as a means of influencing civilians in armed conflict? The purpose of this thesis is to answer this question. It sets out to examine what protection international humanitarian law provides civilians in armed conflict in relation to communication influence activities.

    In the thesis, it is suggested that international humanitarian law contains a substantial—albeit fragmented—body of principles and provisions protecting civilians from harmful communication influence activities. It is further suggested that, in order to correctly define this protection, the material, personal, geographical and temporal scope of application of international humanitarian law must be properly taken into consideration.

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  • 65.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for International and Operational Law.
    Kommunikationspåverkan: Hot, tvång och andra yttranden i väpnad konflikt2020In: Svenska Röda Korsets årsbok i internationell humanitär rätt 2019, ISSN 2003-1076, p. 47-55Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln, som bygger på författarens doktorsavhandling, behandlar den humanitärrättsliga regleringen av hot, tvång, uppmaningar och andra typer av kommunikativa handlingar i väpnad konflikt.

  • 66.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Några rättsliga aspekter på strategiska psykologiska operationer2011Report (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rules of Engagement i fredsfrämjande insatser – en översikt2008Report (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rättslig reglering av psykologiska operationer i nationella insatser2010Report (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan.: Delrapport 1 – internationell humanitär rätt och Rules of Engagement2008Report (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan.: Delrapport 2 svensk rätt och mänskliga rättigheter2009Report (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan: Delrapport 3 – värdlandets rätt2009Report (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Örnéus, Anna
    Swedish Defence University.
    Obligation to Prosecute: Armed Groups as Enforcers of International Humanitarian Law2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 73.
    Kleffner, Jann (Contributor)
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for International and Operational Law.
    Oslo Manual on Select Topics of the Law of Armed Conflict: Rules and Commentary2020Other (Other academic)
12 51 - 73 of 73
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