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  • 51.
    Carlemalm, Per
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Har Försvarsmakten förutsättningar för att förändras?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att genomföra större förändringar i en organisation är svårt och förändringsarbete i Försvarsmakten har visat sig vara mycket svårt. Uppsatsen vill besvara problemformuleringen:Hur kan förutsättningar till förändring i Försvarsmakten analyseras och beskrivas?För att få en bredd på angreppssättet kommer en systemperspektiv ansats att antas och tre olika teoretiska perspektiv kommer att användas för att analysera och beskriva förutsättningar för förändring i FM. För att få ytterligare djup i förståelsen för förändringsproblematiken kommer en teoritriangulering att genomföras.

    De olika perspektiven erbjuder olika möjligheter till förståelse och resultatet visar tydligt att förutsättningar för förändring i Försvarsmakten både kan beskrivas och analyseras. De befintliga strukturerna i FM är synliga och medger att organisationen, dess strukturer och individer kan analyseras för att beskriva det som föreligger idag och det som kan planeras och skapas inför förändringsarbeten.

    Varje perspektiv bidrar med sin unika del och de gemensamma beröringspunkterna bidrar till att skapa ett helhetsperspektiv för förståelse. De skilda vetenskapliga skolorna befruktar varandra med insiktsfulla vinklingar. Teoritrianguleringen indikerar att tid är viktigt vid analys eller planering av ett förändringsarbete och att perspektivens giltighet beror på när i en förändringsprocess de appliceras. Under olika faser i ett planerat förändringsarbete kan perspektiven bidra på olika sätt och samtliga perspektiv tillför kunskap i en förändringsprocess. Teoritrianguleringen visar vikten av att kunna förhålla sig till flera verktyg (perspektiv) och flera skolor vid genomförandet av en förändring i en organisation.

     Försvarsmakten är en komplex organisation och samtliga perspektiv beskriver problem sammanknippade med förändringsarbete. De beskrivna problemen skiljer sig i omfattning och art vilket indikerar att enbart ett perspektiv inte kan erbjuda en heltäckande förklaring. Försvarsmakten har stora utmaningar framför sig då det gäller förändringsarbete, oavsett ur vilket perspektiv organisationen väljer att se det.

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    Carlemalm_P_Har FM förutsättningar för att förändras
  • 52.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    From common operating picture to situational awareness2014In: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, E-ISSN 1741-5071, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 28-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what influences the formation of a common operating picture and situational awareness during collaborative efforts to deal with complex disasters. Particular focus is given to the relationship between the operating picture and situational awareness. The study was conducted using qualitative interviews and a grounded theory approach, and is based on interview data from three crisis events. The results show that the operating picture is influenced by information coming together from different sources and forming a snapshot of the event, a portrait which changes and is updated over time, while organisational belonging, role and occupationally specific knowledge provide a framework for and influence situational awareness. The results also show that the operating picture forms the basis for an occupationally specific and role-based situational awareness and its subsequent decision-making. Further studies on the relation between common operating picture, sense making and situational awareness are discussed.

  • 53.
    Dimming, Karl-Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Arbetsklimatet på militärhögskolan Karlberg: Finns det skillnader i upplevelser/erfarenheter mellan män och kvinnor på officersprogrammet i kullen 07-10 vad gäller härskartekniker?2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses the gendered relations of the Military Academy of Karlberg. More specific the study is investigating the experiences among young women and men cadets of suppression techniques. The purpose of the study is to get more knowledge about the work climate and suppression techniques at the officers’ training program 2007/2010. The research questions employed for the study were:- Do the women and men officer students/cadets have any experiences of master suppressiontechniques at the officers’ training program?- What kind of master suppression techniques occur at the officer’s training program?- What kind of master suppression techniques do women experience?- What kind of master suppression techniques do men experience?The study is a survey and data were retrieved by a questionnaire sent out to the participants. The 30 participants were randomly chosen, out of a population of 120 students/cadets. The result of this study shows that a majority of the participants have experiences from being exposed to suppression techniques. When it comes to suppression techniques, there is a tendency that it targets women more frequently in comparison with men.

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  • 54.
    Dolama, Markus
    Swedish Defence University.
    Testing Theory on Ethnic Violence in the Balkans: En teoriprövande fallstudie av Stuart J. Kaufmans ”symbolic politics” mot kriget i Kosovo och Nordmakedoniens fredliga självständighetsförklaring2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Symbolic politics theory created by Stuart J. Kaufman attempts to give an explanation on what makes people engage in ethnic wars and genocide by combining some rationalist thoughts with social-psychological ideas. This study analyzes the symbolic politics theory by qualitive methods using the war in Kosovo and the peaceful declaration of independence in North Macedonia as cases selected thru strategic selection. 

    The result of this study shows that symbolic politics theory can help to understand what causes people to follow their chauvinist leaders into ethnic violence by referring to historical nationalistic myths with the use of symbols to create fear and hostility. The theory therefore helps to understand the sequence of events that eventually resulted in the war over Kosovo 1998-1999 thru this study. The result of this study also shows that symbolic politics theory can help to understand why the declaration of independence in North Macedonia did not result in violence or war, even though the premisses in the country where much the same to other war tourn countries in the Balkans at the time. Results show that elites in North Macedonia chose a different path to achieve independence unlike their neighbouring countries in the Balkans. By identifying the destructive ways of using symbols referring to historical myths to create fear and hostility towards another ethnic group, North Macedonia instead displayed an including path and an effort to meet the different needs of different ethnic groups within their own borders.

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  • 55.
    Egnell, Robert
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Leadership.
    Sweden's Implementation of a Gender Perspective: Cutting Edge but Momentum Lost2019In: Women and Gender Perspectives in the Military: An International Comparison / [ed] Egnell, Robert; Alam, Mayesha, Washington DC: Georgetown University Press, 2019, p. 41-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Egnell, Robert
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Leadership.
    Alam, Mayesha
    Department of Political Science, Yale University, (USA).
    Conclusion: Lessons of Comparison and Limits of Generalization2019In: Women and Gender Perspectives in the Military: An International Comparison / [ed] Robert Egnell and Mayesha Alam, Washington DC: Georgetown University Press, 2019, p. 253-266Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Egnell, Robert
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Leadership.
    Alam, Mayesha
    Department of Political Science, Yale University, (USA).
    Introduction: Gender and Women in the Military - Setting the Stage2019In: Women and Gender Perspectives in the Military: An International Comparison / [ed] Egnell, Robert; Alam, Mayesha, Washington DC: Georgetown University Press, 2019, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Egnell, Robert
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Leadership.
    Alam, MayeshaDepartment of Political Science, Yale University, (USA).
    Women and Gender Perspectives in the Military: An International Comparison2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Women and Gender Perspectives in the Military compares the integration of women, gender perspectives, and the women, peace, and security agenda into the armed forces of eight countries plus NATO and United Nations peacekeeping operations. This book brings a much-needed crossnational analysis of how militaries have or have not improved gender balance, what has worked and what has not, and who have been the agents for change. The country cases examined are Sweden, the Netherlands, Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Israel, Australia, and South Africa. Despite increased opportunities for women in the militaries of many countries and wider recognition of the value of including gender perspectives to enhance operational effectiveness, progress has encountered roadblocks even nearly twenty years after United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 kicked off the women, peace, and security agenda. Robert Egnell, Mayesha Alam, and the contributors to this volume conclude that there is no single model for change that can be applied to every country, but the comparative findings reveal many policy-relevant lessons while advancing scholarship about women and gendered perspectives in the military.

  • 59.
    Enander, Ann
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Hede, Susanne
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Framing the public in crisis2013In: Cultures of Disasters: An International Conference on Humanistic Disaster Studies - University of Oslo, November 6-8, 2013: Book of Abstracts, Oslo: University of Oslo , 2013, p. 40-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS).
    Mobility and the Notion of Attainable Reach2011In: The Politics of Proximity: Mobility and Immobility in Practice / [ed] Giuseppina Pellegrino, Aldershot: Ashgate , 2011, p. 31-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Espevik, Roar
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Johnsen, Bjørn Helge
    University of Bergen, (NOR).
    Hystad, Sigurd W.
    University of Bergen, (NOR).
    Police Dyads Within an Operational Simulation: an Empirical Test of the Research Propositions Made in the “Big Five” Teamwork Approach2022In: Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, ISSN 0882-0783, E-ISSN 1936-6469, Vol. 37, p. 844-855Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the impact of the theoretical big five of teamwork model proposed by Salas et al. (2005), the present study aimed at investigating the model within an operational police simulation. One hundred and sixty-seven frontline police officers participated in the study. Based on path analyses, a reduced model excluding trust and leadership obtained a good fit with the data.

    The results provided some support for the model by confirming six out of 10 proposed direct effects and four out of seven indirect pathways. Shared mental models directly affected team adaptability, and backup behavior affects adaptability and team effectiveness. Team orientation affects mutual performance monitoring and backup behavior, and finally, reciprocal monitoring affects backup behavior. Monitoring influenced both team effectiveness and adaptability through backup behavior. Two paths from team orientation towards effectiveness were found. One flowing through monitoring and another through back-up behavior. Our study expands former knowledge of the big five theory by empirically testing the totality of the model and identifying important pathways.

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  • 62.
    Espluga, Joseph
    et al.
    Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona.
    Barnett, Julie
    Brunel University.
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Hede, Susanne
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Horlick-Jones, Tom
    Cardiff University.
    Konrad, Willie
    Dialogic.
    Marcu, Afrodita
    Brunel University.
    Marvulli, Lorenzo
    Cardiff University.
    Filling the gap between discourse and action: The case of domestic consumption practices2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    The Collapse of Yugoslavia 1991-19992022 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1991, an ethnically diverse and peaceful region of Europe descended into violence, lawlessness, bitter hatred and chaos, almost overnight to the bewilderment of international observers. Communities fractured along lines of ethnic and religious affiliation, and the ensuing fighting was deeply personal, resulting in horrific brutality, rape, torture and genocide, causing the deaths of thousands of people. Drawing on the latest research for this new edition, Alastair Finlan examines the internal upheavals of the former Yugoslavia and their international implications, including the failure of the Vance-Owen plan; the first use of NATO in a combat role and in peace enforcement; and the war in Kosovo, unsanctioned by the UN but prosecuted by NATO forces to prevent the ethnic cleansing of the region.

    Updated and revised, with specially commissioned colour maps and all new images throughout, this is a concise overview of the tragic conflict in former Yugoslavia and its significant consequences.

  • 64.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Trust and destructive leadership during international military operations: A longitudinal study2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destrudo-L: Forskningsresultat och praktiska implikationer2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Fürst, Henrik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Kümmel, GerhardSozialwissenschaftliche Institut der Bundeswehr (SOWI).
    Core values and the expeditionary mindset: armed forces in metamorphosis2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is quite some consensus that today’s international security environment has substantially changed following the end of the Cold War in 1989/90 and that this requires the transformation of modern armed forces from conventional ones to something else. This ‘something else’ may indeed be an expeditionary military. The military metamorphosis that is needed seems to be nothing less than a substantial overhaul of the armed forces in various dimensions. One obvious dimension is organizational structure. The second dimension is technology and especially armament technology where weapons and equipment need to be adapted to present-day conflict and combat challenges including a shift in focus of procurement policies. The third dimension rests with the assumption that the given, current security political landscape necessitates a change not only in the military’s organizational format and technological posture, but also in mindset. Changing the conventional military mindset towards one that is focused on expeditionary operations calls into question how such a transformation will influence the core values of the military. The fourth and final dimension is educating and training the soldiers because expeditionary operations call for additional skills and expertise compared to those required for a Cold War military mission.

    The contributions to this book focus on the mindset and the core values of an expeditionary military and take different avenues to approach these themes. At times, they also reach out into the other dimensions. The book is divided into two parts. The first part covers concepts and conceptual approaches, while the second part contains contributions that basically carry case-study character. The contributors belong to a wide range of academic disciplines, which allows for different avenues and perspectives on our topic, thus enriching our knowledge of the problems involved. The book is of great interest and relevance to academia, military practitioners and political decision-makers.

  • 67.
    Fürst, Henrik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Kümmel, Gerhard
    Sozialwissenschaftliche Institut der Bundeswehr (SOWI).
    Emotions: a neglected dimension in the expeditionary mindset2011In: Core values and the expeditionary mindset: armed forces in metamorphosis / [ed] Henrik Fürst och Gerhard Kümmel, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2011, 1, , p. 228p. 215-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 68.
    Grimmer, Bettina
    et al.
    Siegen University, Germany.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Karlstads universitet, Handelshögskolan.
    Active entrepreneurs and blue-collar workers: Cultural understandings mirrored in European youth unemployment policies2014In: International journal of sociology and social policy, ISSN 0144-333X, E-ISSN 1758-6720, Vol. 34, no 7/8, p. 559-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – With a particular focus on cultural understandings and the concepts behind welfare policies, the purpose of this paper is to analyse commonalities and dissimilarities in the patterns of social policy, and more precisely youth unemployment policies, in Sweden and Germany.

    Design/methodology/approach – A document analysis of Swedish and German youth unemployment policies was conducted with regard to how the two welfare regimes’ policies define the underlying problem, the instruments through which this problem is tackled, and the aim of youth activation policies.

    Findings – The findings show congruency concerning the definitions of the problem of youth unemployment, in which the unemployed are regarded as lacking in discipline, as well as in the policies through which the problem is tackled: through conditionality and pastoral power as policy tools. The solution of the problem on the other hand, found in the notion of the ideal worker to be produced, diverges between active entrepreneurs in one country, and blue-collar workers in the other. The authors conclude that the introduction of supranational policy concepts is not a matter of mere implementation, and that concepts like activation are reinterpreted according to differing cultural ideologies and accommodated into the context of particular welfare states.

    Originality/value – This paper provides an innovative framework for the understanding of the influence of cultural understandings on policy making, but also on challenges facing activation governance on the one hand and European Union policy initiatives and transnational policy diffusion on the other.

  • 69.
    Grimmer, Bettina
    et al.
    Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Karlstad.
    Neue Subjektpositionen – alte Klassismen? Übergangsregime und aktivierende Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland und Schweden2023In: Übergänge mit Klasse / [ed] Handelmann, Antje & Siegert, Karolina, Verlag Julius Klinkhardt, 2023Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Gustafson, Michael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst). National Defence University, Department of Tactics and Operational Art, Finland.
    The Duality of Tactical Thought: A Study of how Swedish Land Forces’ Commanders view Tactics in Irregular Warfare2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a sociological study of the views of officers in the Swedish Army and its Amphibious Forces on tactics in Irregular Warfare (IW), in particular, Counterinsurgency (COIN). IW comprises struggles, where the military weaker part uses an indirect approach with smaller units and integrates the civilian and military dimensions in a violence spectrum including subversion, terrorism, Guerrilla Warfare and infantry actions. IW is the main armed warfare style in insurgencies. COIN is the combined political, military, economic, social and legal actions in counter insurgencies.

    Data has been collected by means of interviews with almost all (n =43) officers, who were either commanding battalions or rifle and manoeuvre companies while undergoing training for general warfare and international operations. The main theoretical and methodological inspiration is the traditional one for research on social fields, inaugurated by the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. The statistical technique used is Multiple Correspondence Analysis. As a background and context base, an inquiry inspired by the Begriffsgechichte (Conceptual History) tradition explores the genesis and development of understandings of the term Irregular Warfare. The research question is outlined as; “how can contemporary Swedish military thought on tactics in Irregular Warfare be characterized using descriptive patterns, mapped in relation to background factors and normative standards?

    The most significant findings are that there are two main opposing notions separating the officers’ views on tactics in Irregular Warfare: (1) a focus on larger, combat oriented and collectively operating military units versus smaller and larger, more intelligence oriented and dispersed operating units, and (2) a focus on military tasks and kinetic effects versus military and civilian tasks as well as “soft” effects. The distribution of these views can be presented as a two-dimensional space structured by the two axes. This space represents four categories of tactics, partly diverging from normative military standards for Counterinsurgency. This social space of standpoints shows different structural tendencies for background factors of social and cultural character, particularly dominant concerning military backgrounds, international mission experiences and civilian education. Compared to military standards for Counterinsurgency, the two tactical types characterized by a Regular Warfare mind-set stands out as counter-normative.

    Signs of creative thought on military practice and theory, as well as a still persistent Regular Warfare doxa are apparent. Power struggles might thus develop, effecting the transformation to a broadened warfare culture with an enhanced focus also on Irregular Warfare. The result does not support research results arguing for a convergence of military thought in the European transformation of Armed Forces. The main argument goes beyond tactics and suggests sociological analysis on reciprocal effects regarding strategy, operational art, tactics as well as leadership, concerning the mind-set and preferences for Regular, Irregular and Hybrid Warfare.

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  • 71.
    Gustavsson, Filip
    Swedish Defence University.
    Worn symbols and their role in the military – a study of their effects and perceived value in the French army2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the perceived value and effect of symbols worn in the military. Since uniforms create uniformity, symbols are one of the few ways individuals can distinguish themselves. These symbols hold more value than just a piece of fabric which serves a practical purpose. Within the Swedish armed forces, this has given rise not only to debates but also incidents regarding the trials in which these symbols are earnt. However, contemporary research on the topic remains limited. Through an interpretive applied-theory approach, using Anthony King's theory as a framework for analyzing empirical data collected from interviews with officers and cadets within the French foreign legion, army, special forces, and infantry several discoveries were made. 

    Symbols used beyond organizational necessity could be linked to both positive effects such as cohesion, trust, motivation, and pride, as well as negative effects such as shame, exclusion, and prejudice. The study indicates that symbols are often valued based on two concepts: distinction and difficulty in obtaining it. By better understanding the case in the French army, the study contributes to existing research by providing an outline of the area for continued research and a clearer way forward for practical applications of symbols in the military. 

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  • 72.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Conclusions: the transformations of the future2016In: Transforming warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force / [ed] Peter Haldén och Peter Jackson, London: Routledge, 2016, p. 223-231Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 73.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Family Power: Kinship, War and Political Order in Eurasia, 500-20182020 (ed. 1st)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book demonstrates that elite families and political order evolved in symbiosis throughout European, Central Asian and Middle Eastern History. Noble families and royal dynasties were preconditions of stability and legitimacy of political orders. The state did not evolve in opposition to kinship-groups or to kinship-based principles of legitimacy. By re-telling the development of the state this book pinpoints exacly how kinship-based groups can both support and undermine political order. This book analyses Europe, the Middle East, Eurasian Steppe Polities, and the Ottoman Empire from the early Middle Ages to the present. The book pushes against conventional state-formation theory. Interdependence rather than conflict characterized the relation between powerful kinship groups and the political order. Hence, political science and sociology have overemphasised the coercive aspect of the state and the centrality of a monopoly of legitimate violence for the existence of political order. I offer a new understanding of successful political orders by emphasising co-operation with power elites in a common framework. Doing so in turn allows us to understand how to build stable polities today.

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  • 74.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    From Total to Minimal Transformation: German Oaths of Loyalty 1871-20142016In: Transforming Warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force / [ed] Peter Haldén och Peter Jackson, London: Routledge, 2016, p. 163-182Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter studies how three successive German societies constructed the boundary between peace and war: The German Empire (1871-1918), Nazi German (1933-45), and the Federal Republic of Germany (1949 –present). In each case the ritual of taking an oath of allegiance was central act, both collective and individual, in making an individual into a warrior. Oaths of allegiance have been a standard instrument in creating individual warriors and groups of warriors since at least antiquity. They are powerful tools of governmentality since they are means of controlling the conscience of a subject and linking personal salvation to compliance. In the Imperial and the Nazi period, taking the oath was considered a binding deed that transformed the individual and commanded his loyalty.

  • 75.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Kan dygdetiken bryta den “postheoriska” ängslan i 2000-talets risksamhälle?2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    War, modernity and the origins of civilization: the old and new strengths of sociology2015In: Journal of Political Power, ISSN 2158-379X, E-ISSN 2158-3803, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 141-144Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 77.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Worlds of Uncertainty: war, philosophies and projects for order2023Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years we have faced huge uncertainty and unpredictability across the world: Covid-19, political turbulence, climate change and war in Europe, among many other events. Through a historical analysis of worldviews, Peter Haldén provides nuance to the common belief in an uncertain world by showing the predictable nature of modern society and arguing that human beings create predictability through norms, laws, trust and collaboration. Haldén shows that, since the Renaissance, two worldviews define Western civilization: first, that the world is knowable and governed by laws, regularities, mechanisms or plan, hence it is possible to control and the future is possible to foresee; second, that the world is governed by chance, impossible to predict and control and therefore shocks and surprises are inevitable. Worlds of Uncertainty argues that between these two extremes lie positions that recognize the principal unpredictability of the world but seek pragmatic ways of navigating through it.

     Argues that the co-existence, conflict and co-constitution of two principally contradictory worldviews are what define and shape modern Western cultureAims to decrease the anxiety and uncertainty many people feel about the world and provide a realistic picture of how much they can control and overcome crisesOffers added value to military students, analysts and planners who will become more aware of the activities in which they are engaged and of the limits and possibilities within different ways of thinking

  • 78.
    Haldén, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Jackson, Peter
    Stockholms universitet.
    Introduction: Symbolic and Mythological Perspectives on War and Peace join the Archaic with the Modern2016In: Transforming Warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force / [ed] Peter Haldén och Peter Jackson, London: Routledge, 2016, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 79.
    Haldén, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Jackson, PeterStockholms universitet.
    Transforming warriors: the ritual organization of military force2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    War changes people, however a less explored question is how different societies want people to change as they are turned into warriors. When societies go to war they recognize that a boundary is being crossed. The participants are expected to do things that are otherwise prohibited, or at least governed by different rules. This edited volume analyses how different cultures have conceptualized the transformations of an individual passing from a peacetime to a wartime existence to become an active warrior. Despite their differences, all societies grapple with the same question: how much of the individual’s peace-self should be and can be retained in the state of war? The book explores cases such as the Nordic berserkers, the Japanese samurai, and European knights, as well as modern soldiers in Germany, Liberia, and Sweden. It shows that archaic and modern societies are more similar than we usually think: both kinds of societies use myths, symbols, and rituals to create warriors. Thus, this volume seeks to redefine theories of modernization and secularization. It shows that military organizations need to take myths, symbols, and rituals seriously in order to create effective units.

  • 80.
    Hedlund, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Börjesson, Marcus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Team learning and leadership in a military staff exercis2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Hedlund, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Börjesson, Marcus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Team training, team learning, leadership and psychology safety: A study of team training and team learning behavior during a Swedish military staff exercise2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Hedström, Eric
    Swedish Defence University.
    Fragmenterade ledarskapsutmaningar inom svensk försvarsindustri på den internationella marknaden: En kvalitativ studie om ledarskapsutmaningarna kopplade till internationalisering av svensk försvarsindustri2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Because defence industry companies today act in a market characterized by international cooperation and export, higher demands on cultural competence and diversity is placed in the organization. Due to this, cross-cultural demands on leaders in defence industry companies increase. However, it is difficult to build the paper on previously established theory as the scenario is new for the industry. Therefore, the purpose of the survey is to through a grounded theoretical approach investigate the leadership challenges facing Swedish defence industry companies as they move towards a more international market. As a research object, SAAB was chosen. The result showed that five themes could be identified. These are motivation, change in organizational focus, diversification, communication and planning, as well as the complexity of the defence industry. A core variable was identified as fragmentation of leadership challenges in internationalization. This means that leadership issues change focus, change or in other ways are challenged when the company is on the international market. Analysis of the interviews indicate that the most pressing leadership issues with moving abroad is motivation, gender equality, trust, communication and accountability. These five parameters are all inherent in the business and are based on the way in which the business has been identified previously and the surrounding characteristics that affect the organization. 

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  • 83.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Between autonomy and paternalism: Crisis managers’ views on citizens’ responsibilities in crises and contingencies2017In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 269-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public discussions about the division of responsibilities between state and citizen in crises have led to reformulated policies. These are interpreted and put into practice by crisis managers. Hence, their understandings of citizens’ responsibilities are central for actions and resource allocation. This qualitative study focuses on Swedish crisis managers’ understandings of citizens’ (moral) responsibilities and practices of ‘doing’ responsibilities. Three overarching forms of ‘doing responsibilities’ were found: assignment, assessment, and differentiation. These ways of constructing responsibilities were permeated by two diverging rationales: the autonomy rationale, and the paternalism rationale. The two rationales add up to a partly contradictory complexity which may explain individuals’ differing responsibility-taking. Further, not recognizing this contradiction may negatively affect citizen’s willingness to take responsibility when desired.

  • 84.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Collective memories and professional ideals: Teachers’ experiences of a disaster2021In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 64, p. 1-8, article id 102479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experienced collectively, disasters are also remembered collectively. Constituting a social glue among affected communities, disaster memories are essential for recovery processes. Focusing on teachers, who became frontline disaster workers, this paper explores how disasters are experienced and managed by a professional group lacking emergency management training. The study draws on in-depth interviews with school teachers about their memories of a forest fire in Sweden in 2014. As residents in, or close by, a small, rural community close to the fire, the teachers experienced the fire both as professionals and as citizens in their roles as family members and neighbours. The paper explores the role of kinship and vicinity of community reflecting the concepts of Therapeutic community and Gemeinschaft to provide a more substantial understanding of the social structures of a small, rural community without previous experiences of a disaster. The second theoretical focus and consequential contribution of the study lies within the teacher's recollections of professionalism, and how such interlinked norms and values remained intact through the disaster. In addition to convergence concerning professional ideals in the teacher collective, there was divergence in the teachers' memories of their performance and how others valued them, outlining how the social context and organizational support structures have tangible impacts on individuals' memories. Findings enable further systematic exploration of post-disaster social structures, training and organizational support, as well as the role of professional ideals, in disaster recovery processes.

  • 85.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för arbetsvetenskap.
    Från flit till flexibilitet: om idealarbetarens egenskaper2013In: Tam-revy, ISSN 1654-6997, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En svärmorsdröm är någon med ett välbetalt jobb som har ett behagligt yttre och är hjälpsam och trevlig. På motsvarande sätt skulle en ”arbetsgivardröm” om en arbetstagare med idealiska egenskaper kunna beskrivas. Men i motsats till svärmorsdrömmen, vars egenskaper har varit ganska stabila åtminstone under det senaste århundradet, har arbetsgivardrömmen varierat. Den här artikeln är en resa genom tid och beskriver strömningar kring vilka egenskaper som betraktats som attraktiva hos anställda – hur idealarbetaren sett ut.

  • 86.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Leadership.
    Krishändelser och könsroller - en studie av oro och omsorg2020In: Genus, risk och kris / [ed] Hobbins, Jennifer, Danielsson, Erna & Sjöstedt, Angelika, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, 1, p. 55-76Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreställningar om kön och könsroller har förändrats på den svenska arbetsmarknaden, i exempelvis krishanteringssystemet och i familjestrukturer. Även krishändelser kan påverka sociala relationer såsom könsroller. Här är det intressant att undersöka grundskole- och förskolelärares erfarenheter. De tillhör en yrkesgrupp med en central roll i en mängd olika samhällsfunktioner, och som ofta uppfattas som ”kvinnlig”, och vilka föreställningar om kön som återspeglas i deras berättelser. Kapitlet visar att de intervjuade kvinnorna uppfattar och värderar de gärningar och arbetsuppgifter de utför som självklarheter, vilket får till konsekvens att de osynliggörs, även av dem själva.

  • 87.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Leadership.
    Danielsson, ErnaMittuniversitetet (SWE).Sjöstedt, AngelikaMittuniversitetet (SWE).
    Genus, risk och kris2020Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genus, risk och kris riktar fokus mot strukturer, normer och värderingar som kännetecknar det svenska samhällets syn på risk- och krishantering. Bokens olika kapitel ger exempel på och lyfter fram vikten av att kritiskt granska hur maktordningar arbetats in i processer av risk- och krishantering i nutida såväl som historisk kontext. Därtill ges förslag på teoretisk och metodologisk utveckling av forskning och praktik avseende genus och dess multipla maktordningarför risker och kriser.

    Risker och kriser drabbar samhället återkommande, i olika form ochmed olika konsekvenser. Arbetet med riskanalyser, beredskap och krishantering har traditionellt associerats med män och maskulinitet medan sårbarhet och utsatthet setts i förhållande till kvinnor. Författarna ger exempel på och lyfter fram hur maktordningar arbetas in i processer av risk- och krishantering.'

    Bland de områden som diskuteras utifrån empiriska exempel finns hemberedskap, arbetet med samhällets risker och sårbarhet, hälsorisker samt särskilda krishändelser, som den stora skogsbranden iVästmanland 2014 och den så kallade flyktingkrisen.

    I bokens teoriutvecklande kapitel diskuteras intersektionell riskteori samt relationen mellan maskuliniteter och klimatkrisen. Denna variation ger ett brett användningsområde i såväl teoretiska kurser som i tillämpad utbildning.

    Boken vänder sig till studenter på universitet och högskolor i samhällsvetenskapliga och naturvetenskapliga ämnen med inslag av frågor som rör risker och krishändelser samt yrkesverksamma inom risk- och krishantering.

  • 88.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Leadership.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mittuniversitetet (SWE).
    Sjöstedt, Angelika
    Mittuniversitetet (SWE).
    Introduktion2020In: Genus, risk och kris / [ed] Jennifer Hobbins, Erna Danielsson & Angelika Sjöstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, p. 17-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Citizens and contingencies - Swedish crisis managers´ views of the public2015In: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, ISSN 0280-7270, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 388-406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Assumptions about citizens and their behaviour in a crisis situation strongly influence emergency planning and decision-making. This article therefore aims to explore municipal crisis managers’ views of citizens in relation to contingencies. We identified two dimensions in the municipal leaders’ views of the general public, illustrating how these views can be characterized by two separate stages. They embrace individual prerequisites for preparing for and dealing with contingencies, as well as characteristics of the current crisis and its effects on the citizens. The article highlights public leaders’ awareness of social vulnerability factors and demonstrates a more complex image of crisis managers’ views of the general public than has generally been depicted.

  • 90.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Coping and Caring in the Context of Forest Fire: A Gendered Perspective2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the summer of 2014, a fire devoured almost 14 000 hectares of forest in Mid Sweden. More than one thousand people were evacuated, one person lost his life and another was severely injured, and around 25 buildings were damaged or burnt to the ground. Concerns and worries about the rage, reach and pace of the fire are still highly present in the minds of many affected, and the enormous clouds of smoke, the extreme heat and a remarkable silence are some of the distinct and tangible physical memories many of those affected still recall when looking back upon this natural disaster. Its impact was severe on many people, at the time as well as in the aftermath.

    Similar to this description, extreme and major events are depicted through general impressions. However, the perceptions of disaster s vary, for instance among different groups of people, proximity to the event or areas of personal or work-related responsibilities. One group whose experiences and roles in the context of contingencies tend to be largely overlooked is women. In particular, with regard to their efforts concerning caring for children, who are particularly vulnerable and exposed to disasters. Although scholarly interest in the perceptions of women in disasters is increasing, studies in the area are far from exhaustive. Even less attention has been directed towards parenting and caring for children in disasters.

    This empirical study thus focuses on women’s experiences of a natural disaster, and how they managed their double roles as affected and carers. Drawing on qualitative interviews with parents, kindergarten teachers and after-school teachers, this paper explores how women understood, made sense of and dealt with the event, and examines their perceptions of the feelings and needs of children in their care, and how these were managed. Such knowledge contributes to understanding womens’ resilience to critical events. 

  • 91.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för arbetsvetenskap.
    Grimmer, Bettina
    Siegen University, Germany.
    Unemployment, stigma and self-esteem2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The link between the occupational status and the degree of self-esteem has been elucidated by, above all, social sciences research on unemployment and well-being. The main argument has been that the lower degree of self-esteem the unemployed suffer from is a result of the missing latent functions of work, such as a time structure, regular activities and social contacts. However, the experience of unemployment is not limited to the absence of gainful employment. Emanated in particular from the public discussion regarding unemployed people being lazy and unwilling to work the negative connotations have gained importance in most of the European countries. Hence, unemployment marks a social status that is closely connected to the experience of stigmatization.

     

    Using survey data with a large sample of unemployed and employed young people from seven European countries, this paper aims to study to what extent the experience of social stigmatization may explain the interrelation between unemployment and self-esteem. Initially, we will analyse the impact of occupational status on the experience of stigmatization, i.e. the belief in societal prejudice towards the unemployed as well as social and institutional discrimination. In a second step, we will test to what extent the experience of stigmatization may explain the lower degree of self-esteem the unemployed suffer from.

  • 92.
    Hoke Åberg, Pernilla
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University.
    Arenö, Elisabeth
    Swedish Defence University.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    Organizational Challenges in the Public Sector: A Qualitative Study of the Swedish Armed Forces and Elderly Care2021In: Qualitative Sociology Review, E-ISSN 1733-8077, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 34-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Society is continuously impacted by accelerating technical and social changes that challenge individuals, organizations, and societies. This appears to lead to the emergence of negative organizational behavior patterns that impose high levels of demands on employees. Firstly, the purpose of this study is to qualitatively examine how three organizational challenges—organizational anorexia, organizational greed, and organizational narcissism—are expressed in the Swedish public sector. Secondly, the Swedish Armed Forces and the field of elderly care are compared to discover additional organizational challenges by carrying out comparisons. The sample of organizations used is described in the Methods section. The study’s main findings show that these three organizational challenges have been experienced in different ways in these organizations. A new organizational challenge has appeared, organizational temporality, describing participants’ perceptions of time when carrying out their assigned tasks.

  • 93.
    Holmberg, Arita
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhetespolitik och strategi.
    The framing of environmental citizenship and youth participation in the Fridays for Future Movement in Finland – commentary to Huttunen and Albrecht (2021-06-27)2021In: Fennia, E-ISSN 1798-5617, ISSN 0015-0010, Vol. 199, no 1, p. 144-146Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a commentary to the article "The framing of environmental citizenship and youth participation in the Fridays for Future Movement in Finland" by Janette Huttunen and Eerika Albrecht. In the piece I reflect on the analysis and results of this interesting research, focusing in particular on adult's depoliticization of children's protest and the potential collective social and political impact of the Fridays for Future movement for youth.

  • 94.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhetespolitik och strategi.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.
    The many gendered faces of teachers' views on schools and security2021In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 71-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the gendered nature of teachers’ views on schools and security.Current research on security emphasizes masculinity and the absence of femininity inrelation to the security field – traditionally dominated by the military and emergencyrescue services. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the areas of society that arenew to the security field. Schools, pupils and teachers are gendered in many ways. Whathappens when security is added to this nexus? Existing, limited research suggests thatthis relationship may be both complicated and gendered. A qualitative content analysisis conducted based on interviews with teachers and principals from two municipalitiesin Sweden. It shows that teachers hold gendered views of their roles as security actors;of pupils in relation to security, as subjects of risks and sources of threats; and ofexternal security threats. Men are embodied as positive or negative actors, whereaswomen are embodied mostly as powerless actors. Teachers give voice to a discoursefocused on everyday insecurities. This is important, as the role of teachers (in particularwomen) as promoters of democratic citizens risks becoming undermined, and individualperspectives of security risk becoming replaced by national perspectives.

  • 95.
    Holmberg, Martin
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Bynander, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    A multidisciplinary approach to studying a societal crisis2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 96.
    Jill, Clavell
    Swedish Defence University.
    Konkurrens: ett hinder eller en möjlighet? En kvalitativ studie om konkurrens inom interorganisatorisk krissamverkan2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A well-functioning collaboration can be of decisive importance for the management of a crisis. Although it is a common endeavour, there may be obstacles that give rise to conflicts (Bondesson et al., 2019; Bynander & Nohrstedt, 2019; Deverell et al., 2019a; Hedlund & Lönngren, 2021; Svedin, 2009; Ödlund, 2010). In these contexts, competition is mentioned as an obstacle and something that happens in the periphery (Deverell et al., 2019b; Palm & Ramsell, 2007; Ödlund, 2010). The research provides a limited description of competition and its conditions within inter-organizational cooperation. Based on a social psychological perspective, 10 semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted. The result shows that competition was first considered non-existent and later as hidden and hindering. Competition was managed through group identification as well as factors such as trust, adaptation and co-leadership. The conclusion is that the competition in a collaboration can be described. Finding a balance between competition as an obstacle and cooperation was important for the actors. The experience shows the complexity that can exist regarding competition linked to crisis management. This study shows that there is an ambition on the part of the actors to achieve a good collaboration, where efficiency and good preparation for crisis management become increasingly important elements. However, the results showed that there was competition which took the form of internal interests and mistrust. Competition, as an opportunity, was considered by the actors to have less importance for cooperation

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  • 97.
    Johansson, Daniel
    Swedish Defence University.
    Cultural Distance and Counterinsurgency Outcome2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Analysing how counterinsurgency outcomes relate to cultural distance has never been a focus for conventional COIN literature. Despite this, cultural distance seems to be a neglected variable influencing outcomes. This thesis explores this large gap by examining how the cultural distance between insurgents and the counterinsurgents relate to outcome. Four concluded COIN campaigns are analysed, compared, and checked for causal congruence. The most crucial case is also subjected to analytical process tracing to verify the causal path and determine its plausibility. The findings are that increased cultural distance leads to COIN losses due to cultural misunderstandings and non-contextual solutions that instead of leading to a win paves the way to strategic loss. 

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    Daniel Johansson Cultural Distance and Counterinsurgency Outcome
  • 98.
    Jonsson, Emma
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Centre for Societal Security, Leadership Concepts Division.
    Salo, Mikael
    Finnish Defence Forces and Military Sociological Society of Finland, Finland, (FIN).
    Lillemäe, Eleri
    Estonian Military Academy and University of Tartu, Estonia, (EST).
    Bruntland Steder, Frank
    Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, FFI, Norway, (NOR).
    Ferst, Thomas
    Military Academy at the ETH Zurich, Switzerland, (CHE).
    Kasearu, Kairi
    University of Tartu, Estonia, (EST).
    Novagrockiene, Jurate
    Military Academy of Lithuania, Lithuania, (LTU).
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Karlstad.
    Sederholm, Teija
    Finnish National Defence University, Finland, (FIN).
    Svensén, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Karlstad.
    Szvircsev Tresch, Tibor
    Military Academy at the ETH, Zurich, Switzerland, (CHE).
    Truusa, Tiia-Triin
    Baltic Defence College, Estonia, and University of Tartu, Estonia, (EST).
    Multifaceted Conscription: A Comparative Study of Six European Countries2024In: Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, E-ISSN 2596-3856, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 19-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the last few decades have witnessed a shift from conscription to all-volunteer forces in many European countries, recent changes in the European security environment have raised new concerns and prompted several countries to reconsider conscription. However, modern conscription systems have also had to adapt to changing societies and an increasing emphasis on individualistic and neoliberal values. This study aims to examine the various forms of military conscription and illuminate the continuing viability of the conscription model in six European countries: Estonia, Finland, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland. Four of these countries have consistently maintained conscription (Estonia, Finland, Norway, and Switzerland), while Lithuania and Sweden have recently reinstated conscription. Although conscription systems differ among these countries, there is overall an increasing emphasis on conscript motivation and female participation. Three key aspects are identified to describe different conscription systems: the proportion of conscripted individuals in the birth cohort, motivation to serve, and the approach to female conscripts. Combining these aspects, the study identifies three types of conscription system in these six countries. This article demonstrates that conscription has evolved and adapted to changing societies and security situations instead of merely retaining its traditional form.

  • 99.
    Jonsson, Emma
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Brandow, Carina
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Effective recruitment of women: Developing a new method2015In: ERGOMAS: Program and abstracts / [ed] M. Nuciari (Chair), 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 100.
    Jonsson, Lars
    Swedish Defence University.
    BARNEN OCH JAG HAR LÅNAT UT DIG TILL ARBETSGIVAREN: En kvalitativ studie om hur officerens psykosociala miljö påverkas av de anhöriga vid internationell insats och hur det framtida anhörigstödet kan utformas.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A lot of relatives to officers who has served in international operations have been af-fected by negative physical and psychological impacts. But in what way has this affected the officer when it’s time to readjust to the normal work or when preparing the next mission from a psychosocial working environment point-of-view? And does this change in accordance with new Swedish laws of official duty and rehabilitation responsibility? That´s the first issue in the essay. The other issue covers how the future Swedish relative support can be designed.

    The essay has shown a tendency to causality between the relatives’ perception of well-being and the officer´s psychosocial working environment. Further, the essay proposes that future relative support shall be based on the principles previous experienced, flexibility and availability with a limited mandatory part.

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