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  • 4851.
    Sörenson, Karl
    FOI, Försvarsanalys.
    La Suède et l'Afrique: entre nostalgie et institutionnalisme2009In: Nordiques, ISSN 1761-7677, ISSN 1761-7677, no 20, p. 101-108Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4852.
    Sörenson, Karl
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    On Asymmetry in Goals2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In an asymmetric game the payoffs, or goals, are different for the participants of the game. Allocation of resources, willingness to take risks, potential sub-goals etc, are all connected to the payoff of the game. This issue becomes pertinent when the players pursue goals which are incomparable with each other. In the asymmetric conflict of today this is indeed sometimes the case; in Afghanistan, Iraq and Somalia the ends sought by the major stakeholders appear at times as incommensurable. This paper discusses the strategic implications of the differences in goals between actors when in an asymmetric conflict. To increase the understanding of what such a conflict could mean the concept of goal-asymmetric conflicts is introduced. The implication of this is then connected to the level of rationality between different actors in a goal asymmetric, and the possibility of what a more fundamental difference in goals means. A definition of a conflict-relation is also presented. In connection to this different sorts of values held by the actors in a conflict is elaborated upon.

  • 4853.
    Sörenson, Karl
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Review – Somali Piracy and Terrorism2013In: e-international relationsArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 4854.
    Sörenson, Karl
    FOI, Försvarsanalys.
    State Failure on the High Seas: Reviewing the Somali Piracy2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report makes one cardinal claim: Somali piracy will not successfully be fought by only employing naval means. The reason for this is two-fold. First, the inherent structure of any systematic piracy, to which the Somali piracy belongs, makes it difficult to stop the practice by merely focusing on impeding pirate vessels. Piracy has always been in need of at least one safe port, from where it can seek refuge, refit, and, most importantly, unload and trade the loot. Second, the state of Somalia, with its disintegration in the south, uncertainty in Puntland and relative stability in Somaliland, makes it difficult, but not impossible, to successfully target the roots, or incentives, of piracy. The political situation in Somalia is dire, and it is difficult to decipher the connections between the different regions and the complex clan system.

  • 4855.
    Sörenson, Karl
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, FOI.
    The Emergence of an Economic Equilibrium in the Gulf of Aden?2009In: / [ed] Harvard University Kennedy School of Government, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4856.
    Sörenson, Karl
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, FOI.
    Wrong Hands on Deck?: Combatting Piracy and Building Maritime Security in Eastern Africa2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report investigates the threats to maritime security in Eastern Africa, theresponses to deal with these threats and the prospects for building maritimesecurity in the region. The report discusses three aspects of maritime security:economic security, state security, and human security. While the Somali piracy,which dominates the security agenda, is mainly an economic security problem, ithas both state and human security implications. Other illegal activities, such assmuggling of weapons and drugs, illegal fishing, waste dumping and smugglingof humans are also analysed according to these categorises. The report arguesthat paying more attention to all these activities; their underlying incentives andarea of impact, would benefit the international community’s current work tobuild maritime security in Eastern Africa.

  • 4857.
    Sörenson, Karl
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Damidez, Nima
    Försvarsmakten.
    Fragments of an Army: Three Aspects of the Libya Collapse2013In: The NATO Intervention in Libya: Lessons Learned from the Campaign / [ed] Kjell Engelbrekt, Marcus Mohlin, Charlotte Wagnsson, Oxon: Routledge, 2013, p. 151-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4858.
    Sörenson, Karl
    et al.
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, FOI.
    Damidez, Nima
    FOI, Försvarsanalys.
    To Have and Have Not: A Study on the North African Regional Capability2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The North African region has a poor history of cooperation, be it economic, political or military. The establishment of the North African Regional Capability (NARC) as the region’s contribution to the African Standby Forces (ASF) signifies a milestone in the history of military cooperation in the Maghreb. However, in order to make the NARC effective it will take more than to build a formal organisation. The NARC will need to strengthen its efforts in order to ascertain a tangible operational level. NARC could prove to be an organisation which closes the gap between its members and the North African states as a whole. The North African countries already have common goals in their respective security policies; terrorism, smuggling, trafficking and armed conflicts in bordering states. An effective development of the NARC would also mean a significant capacity boost for the ASF as the North African region is the militarily strongest on the African continent. The Moroccan-West-Saharan issue continues however to constrain the region’s potential to political cooperation. An increased cooperation between the Maghreb and organisations such as the EU and the NATO pertaining to defence and security related issues might prove valuable for developing North Africa’s ability to effectively cooperate.

  • 4859.
    Sörenson, Karl
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Gascon, Alain
    Bach, Jean-Nicolas
    Delmet, Christian
    Imbert-Vier, Simon
    Rossignol, Raphael
    Ferras, Patrick
    Les défis stratégiques africains: exploration des racines de la conflictualité en Afrique de l'Est2013Report (Other academic)
  • 4860.
    Sörenson, Karl
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Norell, Magnus
    Utrikespolitiska Institutet.
    Guide to Islamist Movements: Scandinavia2010In: Guide to Islamist Movements / [ed] Barry Rubin, M. E. Sharpe, 2010, 1, p. 519-533Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4861.
    Sörenson, Karl
    et al.
    FOI, Försvarsanalys.
    Skeppström, Emma
    FOI, Försvarsanalys.
    Hull, Cecilia
    FOI, Försvarsanalys.
    Patchwork for Peace: Regional Capabilities for Peace and Security in Eastern Africa2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Eastern Africa is a region in many ways associated with conflict and insecurities.Nonetheless, a range of efforts aiming towards getting the states in the region tojoin effort in promoting peace and security are currently being undertaken.This report outlines the main multilateral peace and security initiatives that existin the region. It also seeks to explain some of the political dynamics that affectsthese initiatives as well as the broader effort of establishing an African Peace andSecurity Architecture (APSA).This report is part of a series of studies on APSA and the various regionalorganisations and mechanisms that form part of this structure.

  • 4862.
    Sörenson, Karl
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Widén, Jerker
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Irregular Warfare and Tactical Changes: The Case of Somali Piracy2014In: Terrorism and Political Violence, ISSN 0954-6553, E-ISSN 1556-1836, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 399-418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyze the tactical behavior of Somali pirates, international naval forces, and the shipping community operating in the Gulf of Aden and the Somali Basin. To what extent has tactical behavior changed over time and can this process be understood in more theoretical terms? Our theoretical framework centers around some concepts often used in naval doctrine, discussing tactical change in terms of command and control, force, mobility, protection, intelligence, and endurance. We also evaluate this change using two tactical concepts—tactical adaptation and tactical development. The empirical data is based on statistics from the International Criminal Court-International Maritime Bureau and the EU NAVFOR Operation Atalanta, as well as interviews. We conclude that Somali piracy has unquestionably adapted their tactics to circumstances, while naval forces have increased their capacity to capture pirates and shipping to avoid pirates.

  • 4863.
    Sörlin, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    SUAV på Manöverbataljonen: en studie av en sensors påverkan på informationsinhämtningen2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces are changing dramatically at the moment. They will have a new appearance with new units after the transformation to Organization 2014, IO14.

    With new units follows new equipment. The new equipment will be organized and doctrines including philosophies of leadership will be followed in order to get full effect out of the units.

    The purpose of this study is to analyze how the organization of small unmanned aerial vehicles, SUAV, will influence the intelligence service within a battalion.

    The study gives two examples of organization: SUAV’s inside the reconnaissance platoon as a platoon resource or as a SUAV-section as a resource for the battalion.

    Data is collected in this study with interviews as a qualitative research. The informants have been wisely chosen. The interviews are analyzed and therefor answer the questions what does it provide?, what limitations? and what to gain? on the basis of the perspective and understanding of the informants. This will thereafter be connected to the military theory and the doctrines of the Armed Forces.

    The study shows that the SUAV has a large impact on the intelligence service within the battalion which affects the ability of tempo, flexibility, protection, service and support, main effort and command depending on the choice of organization.

  • 4864.
    Søberg, Dag
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Bruken av luftmakt under operasjon Desert Storm: i henhold til Warden eller det "tradisjonelle" synsettet?2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Amsterdam Treaty which entered into force 1999 had as one of theobjectives, in light of the European Union’s weak actions in the Balkans, toreform and develop the Common Foreign and Security Policy that was createdsix years earlier through the Maastricht Treaty.The aim of this essay was to analyse the changes in EU’s actor capabilitywithin the second pillar as the Amsterdam Treaty came into force, as well asshowing how these changes influenced the work performed by the EU in oneparticular case. In order to achieve this, a model by Gunnar Sjöstedt was used.The model was developed to evaluate the EU based on its structuralprerequisites. The empirical material used, came, to a large extent, from theEU’s official documents and treaties, but other relevant literature within thefield has been used as well.The analysis identified the fundamental issue within this field, namely, aconflict of interest between the joint action and the member countries´influence on the policies. The essay underlined two changes which havestrengthened the EU´s prerequisites to act at the international level. These arethe appointment of a High Representative for the Common Foreign andSecurity Policy, as well as the creation of increased possibilities for flexibilityin the decision making process. The work of EU was analysed from its actionsin Macedonia which showed a strengthened engagement from its side, wherethe High Representative and its resources have played an important part. TheEU’s strengthened ability to act in Macedonia must be seen as a success for thejoint development. It remains to be seen, however, whether this can be repeatedin a bigger, more complex case.

  • 4865.
    Sørstrønen, Egil
    Swedish National Defence College.
    USAs sikkerhetspolitiske utvikling fra Bush til Obama: -  Ny kurs eller kontinuitet ?  -2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the development of the United States security policy from the administrations of Bush to Obama. Its focus is directed towards significant continuities and changes in the context of political means, interests and approaches to international cooperation. The empirical data mainly consists of U.S. National Security Strategies issued in 2002, 2006 and 2010. Such strategies contain broad messages and, therefore, to help identify issues of special significance, a theoretical framework based on the perspectives of the international relations scholars John J. Mearsheimer and Joseph S. Nye is first developed. 

    The findings of the study show that the position of military power as the most prioritized political instrument in the U.S. remains stable. However, in an effort to promote the nation’s values, the new administration intends to make more use of soft power and less use of military power. Regarding its interests, defending the nation and handling military threats are still top priorities, and an important aspect is that the U.S. intends to maintain its global military superiority. Spreading democracy, respect for human rights and free trade in an open international economic system are also constant interests, but one notable development is that the national economy figures more prominently on the security agenda. Looking at the approaches for cooperation, it seems that unilateral military action is an option which is less likely to be used by the new administration. Furthermore, this administration places greater emphasis on the value of international institutions than the previous administration. Still, an important continuity is the intention of maintaining a clear leadership role and strongly advancing U.S. interests when cooperating internationally.

    To summarize, the two administrations security strategies indicate that governing interests are unchanged, but the new administration is aiming for a better balance of the tools of American power, and is communicating a less unilateral profile. Still, the presence of significant stable aspects reduces the level of change, and contributes to the impression that the U.S. is not developing a new course, but rather adjusting the current one.

  • 4866.
    't Hart, Paul
    et al.
    Utrecht University School of Governance.
    Sundelius, Bengt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala universitet.
    Crisis management revisited: A new agenda for research, training and capacity building within Europe2013In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 444-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fifteen years ago we presented an agenda for crisis management research and training in Europe, here that article is revisited through a comprehensive review of social science scholarship in the field. Both the discourses on risk and crisis ‘management’ and on crisis ‘politics’ are surveyed in an effort to show the connect between knowledge and policy agendas for capacity building. Priority areas for European research are identified and discussed. The vital roles of research-based education and experience-based training to foster enhanced crisis management practices are noted. Independent yet policy-focused centres of crisis management scholarship are encouraged and needed. These should be linked through a transnational network to support a common ‘rapid reflection’ force in service of European leadership, when it matters the most.

  • 4867.
    't Hart, Paul
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Tindall, Karen
    Brown, Christer
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Crisis Leadership of the Bush Presidency: advisory Capacity and Presidential Performance in the Acute Stages of the 9/11 and Katrina Crises2009In: Presidential Studies Quarterly, ISSN 0360-4918, E-ISSN 1741-5705, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 473-493Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the operation of the presidential advisory system during the 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina crises in order to explain the marked differences in presidential crisis leadership performance during the acute phase of both crises. It first presents a conceptual framework for the systematic study of “crisis advisory configurations” around presidents, based on an integrated review of the advisory systems and crisis management literatures. Second, the framework is applied to George W. Bush's performance in three crucial crisis leadership task domains—sense making, decision making, and meaning making. The article concludes by identifying key challenges of building crisis management capacity around heads of government such as the U.S. president.

  • 4868.
    Taflin, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University.
    Nyttjande av skenmål och dess effekter i amfibiestriden2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the Ministry of Defenses inquiry about the Armed Forces long-term material needs 2018:7, an increased need for an ability of deception was identified, as well as through deception make the identification of real units more difficult for a potential threat/opponent. One method used for deception is the utilization of decoys. Decoys are described in the Swedish Marine Corps governing documents as a part of the means of deception but are practically used to very small extent.

    The essay was written from a military technical perspective and has an exploratory approach regarding the usage of decoy units in a marine context. The question of research was answered by initially collecting data that enabled modeling of scenarios. Based on the scenarios, an analysis was performed using the Kill chain, where the conclusions then led to the question being answered.

    The results of the analysis showed that a decoy, with the right characteristics for deceiving modern sensors, can contribute to hesitation and distraction for the opponent that leads to reduced likelihood of discovery and influence of own units. The hesitation and distraction can arise, among other things, in the knowledge that decoys are used and therefore hesitation about the classification of a detected unit. Decoys can also be used in order to create an image that the real units and activities can hide in.

  • 4869.
    Tagesson, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Internationell tjänst och familj?2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyse what conditions and needs are to be satisfied inorder to be able to recruit officers with a family for international service. The essaytakes its starting point in Sweden’s increasingly international commitment, whichplaces greater demands on accessibility of officers for international engagements. Thestudy highlights three different types of actors’ perspectives. Firstly, the SwedishDefence Forces and their needs. The needs are analysed from official documents andinterviews with representatives from the defence forces. Secondly, the officers’ attitudeand needs, which were analysed from a questionnaire carried out on Staff Programmestudents at the National Defence College in 2004. Thirdly, the needs of the officers’families analysed through interviews with officers’ partners. This analysis is the essay’s“Centre of Gravity” and it is mainly here that the essay contributes to something new.The analysis is supported by the theory “Livsformsteorin”. The essay gives the answerto what needs the defence forces have concerning officers with a family, what influencethe family has on the accessibility of international service and what needs the officer’sfamily has before, during and after international service. The essay ends withrecommendations on further research.

  • 4870.
    Talerud, Bo
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Cooperative and Learning-Oriented Leadership Related to Civil-Military Relations in International Missions: A Relational Approach2010In: Mission Critical: Smaller Democracies' Role in Global Stability Operations / [ed] Leuprecht, Christian, London: McGill-Queen's University Press , 2010, p. 177-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4871.
    Talerud, Bo
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ethics, Ethos and National Culture2010In: Educational Challenges Regarding Military Action / [ed] Annen, Hubert, Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2010, p. 109-122Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4872.
    Tambour, Andreas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Den amerikanska synen på Strid i bebyggelse: En komparativ studie mellan Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain och Urban Operations med utgångspunkt i de grundläggande förmågorna verkan, skydd & rörlighet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den amerikanska armén har under lång tid haft doktriner som behandlat strid i bebyggelse medolika typer av motståndare, från sovjetiska divisioner som anfaller in i Västtyskland tillupprorsbekämpning i Mellanöstern och Afrika. Uppsatsen handlar om hur den amerikanska taktiskasynen på strid i bebyggelse har utvecklats från 1979 till 2003.Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att skapa en större förståelse för den taktiska utvecklingen somskett kopplat mot de grundläggande förmågorna verkan, skydd & rörlighet.En kvalitativ textanalys har använts som metod för att analysera de aktuella doktrinerna. Teorinutgår ifrån Doktrin för markoperationer och i synnerhet ifrån de grundläggande förmågorna verkan,skydd & rörlighet.Resultatet visar att användningen av dessa förmågor utvecklas med hänsyn till förväntadmotståndare och civilbefolkning. Utvecklingen av verkan går mot mer kvalitativa medel ochmetoder, motståndarens rörlighet har förändrats och så har också hans vilja att strida i bebyggelse.Användningen av assymmetriska metoder för att uppnå skydd är en ny metod som uppkommit.Värdering av den terrängen är däremot något som inte har förändrats.

  • 4873. Tan, D.
    et al.
    Thunholm, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Lee, T. H.
    Wikberg, P
    Ng, Ee Chong
    Chng, R
    Tan, E
    Tey, F
    Hallberg, M
    Larsson, S. Å.
    Edge Organization: Testing a New C2 Model of Battlefield Information Sharing and Coordination2009In: Information Sharing and Collaboration Processes and Behaviors, Washington, D.C., 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4874.
    Tanriverdi, Ilkay
    Swedish Defence University.
    Sjökontroll i fredstid?: En teoriprövande fallstudie på operationerna kring Adenviken.2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the World today the sea is a vital part of global commerce. Historically the merchant fleet has been a national asset which meant it was the navy’s responsibility to protect them. Today however, most commercial shipping is registered under a flag of convenience. The sea, as a trade route, is vital to many countries for economic reasons and the threat to it is a huge issue. Escalating piracy incidents in recent years off the coast of Somalia has resulted in many nations sending their navy’s to protect merchant shipping but how prepared are they?The navy should strive for Command at sea or modern sea control. There is however, a discussion on its application during peacetime and this paper aims to support one side or the other by looking at cases of piracy around Somalia. To do this, cases will be looked upon with the concept defence of shipping which exploits sea control. If a navy uses methods that are explained in defence of shipping they also have sea control.The analysis shows that navy’s outside of Somalia have used methods that are found in the concept defence of shipping. Therefore, it is possible that sea control can be used in peacetime.

  • 4875.
    Tarras-Wahlberg, Louisa
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Promises of paradise?: A study on official ISIS-propaganda targeting women2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the outbreak of the Syrian civil war in 2011 close to 30 000 foreign recruits from more than 100countries have migrated to the area of Iraq and Syria in support of the terrorist organization this thesiswill refer to as ISIS. Among those traveling is a historically unprecedented number of women. Whywomen are drawn to violent Islamic extremist groups is rather unexplored. Through a qualitative textanalysis of official ISIS-propaganda this thesis investigates what promises the organization makes towomen, examining pull-factors derived from social media studies of female migration to ISIS-heldterritories. The thesis concludes that women are promised the possibility to fulfill their religious duty,become important state builders, experience deep and meaningful belonging and sisterhood, to live anexciting adventure and find true romance, as well as being increasingly influential is also promised.Official propaganda does not make explicit promises to women of exerting violence. A secondarypurpose of the thesis is to assess the potential risk that ISIS-affiliated women returning to the West,pose to society. This thesis further concludes that women who gain limited knowledge of handlingweapons and explosives in ISIS-territory are not probable participants in armed terrorist attacksdirected towards the West. However, through increased social networks acquired while in Syria orIraq, women may play an important supporting role in the process of planning, crowd funding andexecuting attacks. Based on these findings the thesis provides some gender specific policy proposalsintended to counter the recruitment of women to ISIS.

  • 4876.
    Tauberman, Ulrika
    Swedish Defence University.
    TROVÄRDIGHET INOM KONVENTIONELL MILITÄRSTRATEGISK AVSKRÄCKNING: en begreppsutredning2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to systematically analyze the theoretical concept of ‘credibility’ in the context of conventional deterrence by using John Gerrings theoretical framework ‘Conceptual Goodness’ for understanding concept formation. It is a qualitative study based on four selected scientific articles about conventional deterrence. By exploring and categorizing the usage of the concept of ‘credibility’ the theoretical understanding of the concept is problematized and analyzed by using six different criteria described by Gerring. By increasing the theoretical understanding of how the term is used in the relation to conventional deterrence the concept analysis contributes to clarify the extent of what the concept entails and the limits of how it can be used in the military doctrines of the Swedish armed forces. The results show that the concept of credibility is a complex but useful concept to describe the interactive process how military deterrence is achieved. The analysis also highlights the potential limitations of using a concept as comprehensive as ‘credibility’.

  • 4877.
    Tavander, Martin
    Swedish Defence University.
    Kampen om narrativet: Inramningseffekter i gråzonen mellan fred och krig2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4878.
    Teckerstrand, Carl
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Lära att lära: mot ett militärt, lärande ledarskap2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how reflection- and production-oriented leadership, related to present discourse on the military leadership in the Swedish Armed Forces and Armed Forces training. Two questions were asked: In what way gives expression to a reflection- and production-oriented leadership in the Swedish Armed Forces and the Armed Forces training 2008-2010, in Swedish military texts of today about leadership? Can different trends be discerned, where one direction emphasized at the expense of the other, or where the two approaches are mutually compatible?

    The literature review had a qualitative approach with elements of hermeneutics. From pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria nine different texts/documents were chosen. From these documents the answers to the questions were received.

    The results were summarized in three conclusions:

    1 - In most documents there were, if only indirectly, statements in accordance with a reflection- and production-oriented military leadership. There was also a tendency where the discourse focused more on reflection- than on production-oriented leadership. Sometimes the two approaches were combined.

    2 - In addition, results showed the need for a broader perspective from which the military educating leadership can be studied. The Swedish model (see the report's Appendix 1) can be developed.

    3 - Taking a broader perspective opens up for other concepts, which together with the already existing ones can be of well-founded significance in new systematic studies.

  • 4879.
    Ted, Kullbrandt Tolestam
    Swedish Defence University.
    Samstämmighet eller kommunikationsmiss?: en studie av svensk militär anpassning kring millennieskiftet2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the period 1990–2013 the Swedish Armed Forces made a number of organisational and material changes. This raises the question of whether these changes also led to tactical adaptations, and if so, if there is a correlation between those adopted in higher and lower levels of field manuals. The purpose of this thesis is to study adaptations in field manuals of Swedish army tactics during 1990–2013. The study also aims to investigate the level of correlation between lower and higher level field manuals. Marcus’ and Farrell’s research on military adaptation and bottom-up change sets the thesis’s theoretical framework. The method used includes a comparative and qualitative text analysis. The study’s result indicates that adaptations in Swedish field manuals show a tendency to decrease the role of artillery support, and increase the role of offensive operations. The results also show a correlation between adaptations made in higher and lower levels of field manuals. The results cannot establish a causal link between the adaptations identified and Marcus’ and Farrell’s research, they do however correlate with their theories. This thesis recommends further studies of the reasons behind the adaptations regarding the use of artillery, as well as the reasons behind the adaptations identified.

     

  • 4880.
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Andersson, B.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Avlastningssamtal och debriefing minskar stressreaktion efter trauma 1998In: FOA-tidningen, ISSN 0429-9531, no 4, p. 19-20Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4881.
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Råd till officerare avseende hantering av underställdas psykiska stressreaktioner2011Report (Other academic)
  • 4882.
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Skriva-av-sig: Fördjupad prövning av en metod att bearbeta starkt stressfyllda händelser2001Report (Other academic)
  • 4883.
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Skriva-av-sig: Test av en metod att bearbeta starkt stressfyllda händelser2001Report (Other academic)
  • 4884.
    Tegenfeldt, Hugo
    Swedish Defence University.
    On the Effectiveness of Non-Proliferative Sanctions: Why have UN sanctions against North Korea failed?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis argues that non-proliferation sanctions are effective primarily by their coercive effect, that is their power to change the target’s cost/benefit ratios. It does so by contrasting and comparing two key works in sanctions literature, authored by David Baldwin and the Targeted Sanctions Consortium respectively. In the case of the UN sanctions regime against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), it concludes that the reason why no sufficient coercive effect has been apparent, is due to the lack of costs shouldered by the actors who have implemented the sanctions, as this reflects an apparent lack of commitment. This in turn does not sufficiently increase the possible cost of the DPRK, in continuing its nuclear weapons program. Therefore it is not incentivized to cancel its program.

  • 4885.
    Terpstra, Teun
    et al.
    HKV Consultants, Netherlands.
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Gutteling, Jan
    University of Twente, Twente, Netherlands.
    Kuhlicke, Christian
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Germany.
    Public perception of risk2017In: Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less / [ed] K. Poljanšek, M. Marin Ferrer, T. De Groeve, I. Clark, Luxembourg: European Commission, 2017, p. 393-403Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4886.
    Thalin, Morgan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Vilseledning - ett instrument för ökad informationssäkerhet?2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    International statistics, from incident organisations and police authorities, prove thatintentional computer network penetrations, attempts to penetrate computer networks andcrimes related to IT increase between 60 and 100 percent every year. The fact thatpenetration can be accomplished proves that existing conventional methods for protection arenot always sufficient. Swedish Armed Forces are becoming increasingly more dependent onIT, and are influenced directly as well as indirectly from this development.This research paper accomplishes a brief inventory and description of conventional as well asdeceptive methods for computer network protection. The purpose is to evaluate in what waydeceptive methods contribute to increasing information security in the Swedish ArmedForces in relation to conventional methods. Each method is evaluated with a number ofabilities that are important from an information security perspective. A partial purpose is alsoto investigate if deceptive methods can contribute to Swedish Armed Forces’ ability to carryout information operations. Each deceptive method is evaluated with a number of abilitiesthat, according to the Swedish Armed Forces, are important to be in possession of duringinformation operations.This research paper proves that deceptive protection not only increases the ability of theSwedish Armed Forces to protect their information systems but also their ability to carry outinformation operations. This research paper also proves that deceptive protection does nothave the power of replacing conventional protection, but that it is a complement.

  • 4887.
    Tham, Sebastian
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ledningsstrukturer inom terroristorganisationer - En fallstudie om ISIS2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since events of September 11 and the subsequent conflicts surrounding the event, the war against terrorism has been constantly present. It has been used several methods and strategies to address these threats, including a method current in use, the targeting method. The method refers to use few but precise attacks to knock out key functions within these organizations, mostly individuals in the higher command and control structures within these organizations. The effectiveness of the method has been put in question when the majority of the terrorist organizations continue their strife, in some cases even increasing its intensity. The purpose of this study is to investigate which role the higher command plays in these organizations ability to wage war. This study utilize the organization ISIS as a representative for other similar Islamist terrorist organizations. The study use theories regarding network based groups and decentralized organizations in order to explain the structure of ISIS.

    The study shows that ISIS is an organization which has largely evolved into something other than what is described as an typical terrorist organization, the organization is more like one among other nations with a large and well structured organization, where management conditions are clear and well developed. ISIS can be a inconsistency in terrorist organizations, but may also have developed like the theoretician Galula named as the fourth step in the orthodox model of an terrorist or irregular force inevitable development  in the struggle for control.

  • 4888.
    Thellman, Eric
    Swedish Defence University.
    Taktikens utveckling i den tekniska revolutionen2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Theorists in war studies have since the 1940’s debated the issue of the connection between technology and tactical development, and at the end of the 1990’s a technological revolution in warfare was debated. As presented in this thesis the debate is far from completed. Lieutenant Commander Erik Öhrn made an effort to construct a general theory for this connection in 2011 at the Swedish Defense University. Preliminary studies prove that the theory is applicable for naval tactics. The purpose of this thesis is to examine if the theory is valid in mechanized tactics by studying the introduction of the Swedish Combat Vehicle 90. In using a qualitative method, searching for theoretical constructed indicators, this thesis finds shortages in the theory as a general theory for the connection between technology and tactical development. The definition and concept of technology is among these shortages, which is a crucial part of the understanding of the revolution debated in previous research.

  • 4889.
    Theorin, Anders
    Swedish Defence University.
    Försämrade materialegenskaper i aluminiumkonstruktioner - Liquid Metal Embrittlement inducerat av gallium2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The possibility to damage enemy constructions using an efficient method, which might permit a low risk of detection, is studied in this thesis. This damage is based on the phenomena Liquid Metal Embrittlement (LME) with which high strength metals can be affected so much that they collapse under their own weight. This thesis studies this effect in a material often used for various constructions, both civilian and military. An experiment was conducted in order to evaluate the effects of LME on an aluminium alloy by exposing the aluminium to the metal known as gallium. A pre-experiment was made in order to determine how the time of exposure affected the LME-process and time-periods were decided accordingly. At each of the timeperiods a yield test was conducted in order to measure losses in strength and elasticity of the aluminium. It was shown that a great reduction in strength and elasticity occurred, where the strength was reduced to 20% of the reference sample and elasticity to 1% of the reference sample.

  • 4890.
    Thern, Jonas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Gemensamma operationer i kustnära områden2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces has in the document “Försvarsmaktens utvecklingsplan2010-2019” expressed that the capability to conduct joint operations, within the frameof temporary combat groups, is to be developed in the coming years.The same is also expressed in the document “Verksamhetsuppdrag 2009” where jointoperations are said to be especially considered in exercises within the frame ofterritorial integrity. This is one of the operative commander’s priorities, which shouldindicate that the number of exercises, where joint operations capability especially istrained, should be at least a few. That is not the case. The exercises that are conductedwithin the littoral area are not coordinated with the army at all, although someexercises are coordinated with the air force. Despite the fact that joint operations areaccepted as a concept of how the Swedish Armed Forces is supposed to performoperations there are as good as no exercises at all. There is even a special doctrine forjoint operations.A big problem with joint operations in the Swedish Armed Forces is that there is nocommon equipment to perform joint operations exercises in a good and effective way.For example there is no common interface for communication and linking of targetacquisition data between the units of different arenas.At the regiment/flottilla level joint operations exercises are mostly seen as somethingto be coordinated at a higher level. This is probably true and the conclusion is that ithas to be clearer how a joint operation is to be conducted at a lower level in order to beaccepted.

  • 4891.
    Thesslin, Emma
    Swedish National Defence College.
    The effects of force protection: An idea analysis2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How can we successfully complete our missions while we are stuck in bunkers?

    A question representative of a hot topic of discussion regarding the restrictions of force protection measures that are placed on US troops conducting military operations abroad. The discussion, which peaked during the late 1990s early 2000s, was heavily weighted in one direction, namely claiming that force protection has a negative impact on military effectiveness.

    As the claim generalises force protection, a concept that has numerous definitions and even more interpretations, it therefore seems unlikely that such a generalisation can be made.

    This study analyses the claim using an idea analysis method, questioning its sustainability and presenting a way of understanding its limitations.

    In studying the circumstances of the reports that triggered this discussion, the analysis allows us to see the limited relevance of the claim with regard to the broader concept of force protection, while acknowledging its possible relevance regarding the specific aspects that are more commonly associated with the concept. 

  • 4892.
    Thielen, Alexander
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Sivertun, Åke
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Frames of the terrorist attack in Sweden: a qualitative study of true and fake news coverage2019In: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, E-ISSN 1741-5071, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 205-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On 7 April 2017, a terrorist attack occurred in central Stockholm. A hijacked lorry was intentionally driven into crowds along a pedestrian street. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore how the media framed this terrorist attack. The data collection approach was inductive and explorative, mainly involving searching electronic media databases. The qualitative analysis of 1294 articles resulted in four overarching themes describing how the terrorist attack was framed in the media. These frames are as follows: the incident, framed as confirmed, unconfirmed and denied information; the perception of leadership and authorities as trustworthy; the site perceived as a place of sorrow; and crisis management framed as the initial and sequential framing of the professionals, the heroes and the villains. The primary conclusion is that true as well as fake news affects crisis management and public opinion, which may create challenges for the entire society within the crisis management area. 

  • 4893.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Ackordssystemet, dess avskaffande och revolutioner i det tysta2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4894.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Ackordssystemet, dess avskaffande och revolutioner i det tysta2019In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2018, p. 52-66Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4895.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Alloted Incomes: the Military Allotment Establishment 1721–18332013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4896.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Amerikanska infanterister i kulturhistoriskt ljus eller kulturhistoria med infanteriunderstöd?: Recension av Maco Büchl: Dogface Soldiers: Die Frontsoldaten der US-Infanterie und der Krieg gegen Hitlers Wehrmacht im Mittelmeerraum und in Nordwesteuropa2019In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2018, p. 123-127Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4897.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Blod, skatter och byråkrati: Perspektiv på den tidigmoderna statens framväxt2017In: Från krig till fred till krig / [ed] Kurt Almqvist och PJ Anders Linder, Stockholm: Axel och Margareta Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse för allmännyttiga ändamål , 2017, p. 21-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4898.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Bortom det stora nordiska kriget: officerskarriärens ekonomiska anatomi i Sverige och Danmark-Norge, ca 1720-18002010In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, p. 253-278Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4899.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    "Den här gången kommer allt att bli annorlunda": Afghanistan 1979-19892013In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2011-2012, p. 274-277Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4900.
    Thisner, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Den indelta löneglidningen: Exemplen Upplands och Västerbottens regementen2013In: Allt på ett bräde: Stat ekonomi och bondeoffer: En vänbok till Jan Lindegren / [ed] Peter, Ericsson, Fredrik Thisner, Patrik Winton och Andreas Åkerlund, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2013, p. 87-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
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