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  • 4851.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Argentinean flood management and the logic of omission: The case of Santa Fe City2013In: Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies, ISSN 1654-0204, E-ISSN 1654-0204, no 9, p. 69-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When the disastrous flood, generally referred to as “la Inundación”,occurred in Santa Fe City in 2003, it seemed like a bolt from the blue. Yet, it was far from the first flood to strike the city. Situated between two major rivers, flooding is part of the city’s history since its foundation. The lack of preparedness raises questions about the relation between past experience and future action in matters of disaster management. This article analyses the processes of remembering and forgetting as mediators of this relation. By focusing ethnographically on how these entwined processes playout within the Santa fesinian bureaucracy, following a logic of omission, it is argued that this logic contribute to the normalization of disaster instead of future prevention.

  • 4852.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    De inundados a Inundados: Posdesastre y Movilización Social en Santa Fe, Argentina2011In: Estados Críticos. : La experiencia social de la calamidad / [ed] Sergio Visacovsky, La Plata: Ediciones Al Margen , 2011, p. 91-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4853.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Socialantropologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Disaster Memoryscapes: How Social Relations Shape Community Remembering of Catastrophe2010In: Anthropology News, ISSN 1541-6151, E-ISSN 1556-3502, Vol. 51, no 7, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4854.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Environmental Crisis in Spain: The Boliden Dam Rupture2001Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the crisis that developed after the rupture of the Boliden mining dam in Aznalcóllar, Spain in April 1998, which had severe environmental consequences for the area surrounding the Doñana National Park. The case study draws upon minor fieldwork in Spain, in August 1998, including a visit to the affected area and extensive interviewing of crisis managers.

    Emphasis is placed upon how the different Spanish political actors at the national and the regional level coped with the crisis. This is accomplished by scrutinising the decision-making and communication processes set in motion by the accident and portraying the political and cultural contexts in which these took place. Other social actors (such as various Environmental NGOs, the mass media and private individuals) were also of importance to the crisis management, and are thus taken into account in the analysis.

  • 4855.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Ethnographier les mémoires de catastrophes: Terrain translocal à Santa Fe (Argentine)2013In: Le gouvernement des catastrophes / [ed] Sandrine Revet & Julien Langumier, Paris: Karthala, 2013, 1, p. 187-216Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4856.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    La Inundación: katastrofer och minnets politik i Argentina2013In: Antropologi och tid / [ed] Viktorin, Mattias och Charlotta Widmark, Stockholm: Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi , 2013, p. 175-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4857.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Los Inundados in Santa Fe, Argentina, and the Politics of Disaster Memory2011In: Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management / [ed] Ben Wisner, J.C. Gaillard and Ilan Kelman., London: Routledge , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4858.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    ”Pride: Causal Explanations and Accountability in the Wake of the Disaster”2011In: ’The Seven Capital Sins’ / [ed] Göteborg universitet, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4859.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Remembering and Forgetting Risk in Flood Management Planning: The Case of Santa Fe, Argentina2011In: Risk, Uncertainty and Policy / [ed] Mid Sweden University, Östersund, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4860.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Remembering violence. Anthropological perspectives on intergenerational transmission edited by Argenti, Nicolas and Katharina Schramm2011In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 109-110Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4861.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Review of “Displaced: life in the Katrina diaspora” (2012) edited by Weber, Lynn & Lori Peek. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. 268 pp.2013In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 596-598Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4862.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    The Buenos Aires Blackout: Argentine Crisis Management Across the Public-Private Divide2005Book (Other academic)
  • 4863.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Stockholm universitet.
    Watermarks: Urban Flooding and Memoryscape in Argentina2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 4864.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Weathering the world: recovery in the wake of the tsunami in a Tamil fishing village, by Hastrup, Frida2012In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 344-345Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4865.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Weszkalnys, Gisa (2010) “Berlin, Alexanderplatz: Transforming place in a unified Germany.” New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books. 214 pgs.2011In: Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society, ISSN 0355-3930, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 57-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4866.
    Ulleberg, Max
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Amfibiebataljon 2014: Ett förband byggt för manöverkrigföring?2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the Amphibious battalion 2014 and maneuver warfare theory, in order to examine whether there exists a causal relationship between military theory and the actual design of an organization.The method is based on a case study of a single organization and an analysis tool, created by the author, which takes as its basis conclusions concerning maneuver warfare, and individual authors' theories. The analysis tool is based on six different parts which consists of general - and specific terms, set against the empirical data as in this case is the Amphibious battalion 2014.The results of the analysis show that there are many similarities between theory and organization, and above all, this can be detected from the specific part of the analysis. On the whole, the analy-sis shows that a causal relationship between theory and form of organization may exist.Key words:Maneuver warfare, William S. Lind, Amphibious battalion 2014, causal relationship.

  • 4867.
    Uller, Lennart
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Soviet Military Power In The Baltic Area: Trapans,A1987In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 323-324Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4868. Ullstadius, E.
    et al.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Gustafsson, J. E.
    Multidimensional item analysis of ability factors in spatial test items2004In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 1003-1012Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two strategies for solving spatial test items, drawing differently on general ability and visualization, have been shown. These strategies may not only be a matter of individual predilection, but item features may lend themselves more to one or the other strategy. Newly developed techniques for factor analysis and the Mplus program allows items to be analysed as categorical variables together with summarized test results as continuous variables, which enables analyses of the dimensionality of single test items. Five spatial tests in the Computerized Swedish Enlistment test battery were analysed for a representative sample of 18-year old male conscripts (n = 14,925). The items were fitted one by one for each of the five spatial tests together with the rest of the tests into a hierarchical model of intellectual abilities with general (G), verbal (Gc'), spatial ability (Gv') and test specificity (Tspec') as latent variables. All models showed good fit and the items were found generally to load higher on G than on Gv', except for some of the items on the test with limited response time. No systematic increase in G loadings with increasing item difficulty, indicating a shift to an analytical strategy, was revealed.

  • 4869. Ullstadius, E.
    et al.
    Gustafsson, J. E.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Influence of general and crystallized intelligence on vocabulary test performance2002In: European Journal of Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1015-5759, E-ISSN 2151-2426, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 78-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vocabulary tests, part of most test batteries of general intellectual ability, measure both verbal and general ability. Newly developed techniques for confirmatory factor analysis of dichotomous variables make it possible to analyze the influence of different abilities on the performance on each item. In the testing procedure of the Computerized Swedish Enlistment test battery, eight different subtests of a new vocabulary test were given randomly to subsamples of a representative sample of 18-year-old male conscripts (N = 9001). Three central dimensions of a hierarchical model of intellectual abilities, general (G), verbal (Gc'), and spatial ability (Gv') were estimated under different assumptions of the nature of the data. In addition to an ordinary analysis of covariance matrices, assuming linearity of relations, the item variables were treated as categorical variables in the Mplus program. All eight subtests fit the hierarchical model, and the items were found to load about equally on G and Gc'. The results also indicate that if nonlinearity is not taken into account, the G loadings for the easy items are underestimated. These items, moreover, appear to be better measures of G than the difficult ones. The practical utility of the outcome for item selection and the theoretical implications for the question of the origin of verbal ability are discussed.

  • 4870.
    Unander, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Gruppchefer i morgondagens försvarsmakt2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has for decades been contributing UN with troops in international conflicts. But Sweden’s primary objective always been to defend nation borders. Although the primary objective might still be to protect nation borders, the missions abroad has become a bigger priority. The Swedish armed forces are going through a major change and reconstruction to meet this new priority, but is the personnel system adapted as well?  One of the major changes is that Sweden is now leaving a personnel system based on conscripts, and entering a new system based on employed soldiers. But Sweden has, at least not what I could find, ever had a joint plan for educating leaders on group level. Until now. This essay tries to answer the questions: What are the joint demands on group leaders of tomorrow? And how is the education adapted to meet these required demands?

  • 4871.
    Undén, Pernille
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Nordiskt försvarsmaterielsamarbete från ett aktörsperspektiv2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Nordiskt försvarssamarbete har utvecklats sedan kalla kriget slut och de nordiska länderna jobbar idag inom fem gemensamma försvarsområden; Förmågor, (ii) Försvarsmateriel, (iii) Mänskliga resurser och utbildning, (iv) Träning och övningar samt (v) Operationer. Denna undersökning har begränsats till att endast studera försvarsmaterielsamarbete. Denna uppsats har varit att, utifrån två bilaterala försvarsmaterielprojekt som påbörjats men som har avbrutits, jämföra likheter och skillnader i syfte att förstå vilka faktorer som har inverkat på försvarsmaterielsamarbetena, såväl positiva som negativa. Det centrala för uppsatsen har varit att identifiera vilka faktorer som har bidragit till att försvarsmaterielsamarbetena har avbrutits samt dra vissa slutsatser som kan ha betydelse inför eventuella framtida nordiska försvarsmaterielsamarbeten. Metoden för uppsatsen har varit jämförande av två fallstudier där empirin i huvudsak har byggts på intervjuer med deltagande länders aktörer på både politisk- och myndighetsnivå. De fallstudier som har studerats är; AMOS-projektet - samarbetet mellan Sverige och Finland samt Archer-projektet - samarbetet mellan Norge och Sverige. Trots att det fanns förutsättningar i form av möjliggörande och pådrivande faktorer så var det andra faktorer som bidrog till att försvåra och slutligen avbryta försvarsmaterielsamarbetena. De mest framhävande faktorerna som fick negativ betydelse för samarbetet var; (i) målsättningar och intentioner, (ii) tradition och kultur, (iii) tillit, (vi) försvarsindustri, (v) integration och nationell handlingsfrihet samt (vi) organisationers inverkan på samarbete. Slutsatsen av undersökningen är att problemen var kopplade till främst två orsaker; (i) brist på tillit och (ii) oförmåga att göra kompromisser.

  • 4872.
    Unnerbäck, Isak
    Swedish National Defence College. Univerzita obrany v Brne .
    Analysis of Unmanned Ground Vehicles systems.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the increasing quantity of soldier equipment in some cases weighing up to 50kg per soldier, a need to decrease the workload of the soldier emerges. There are several conventional solutions in the working, amongst them there are unmanned ground vehicles. But pack animals has for a long time played a major role in war, as modes of transportation, logistics and battle. This study will compare two UGV:s the LS3 and the TAROS V2 to the horse. The purpose is to compare old technology to new to a relatively new problem of high equipment weight.The method used to compare is a military technical system analysis, with the use of a multi-criteria and SWOT analysis. The result of the comparison is that the one of the UGV:s have better mobility and endurance that are up to date with today’s standards.

  • 4873.
    Unogård, Erik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Mjuka värden och lull-lull: Om varför Försvarsmaktens värdegrund inte upplevs som tydlig och gemensam2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since previous research suggests that the core values of the Armed Forces' are not perceived as legible and united as intended, the purpose of this thesis has been to resolve why. Using a questionnaire, the participating officers have been asked to answer questions about what/how they know and think about the core values.

    The majority of the respondents were in fact both familiar with and fully or partially sympathetic to the core values. Regrettably, the low response rate meant significant barriers to the selection of and prohibited general conclusions about the issued population. Nevertheless, the results enabled the conclusion that the core values are being accepted and applied to some degree but have not been fully embedded and incorporated. Trying to draw additional conclusions about the anticipated occurrences of others mistakes seemed capricious.

  • 4874.
    Uppström, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Svensk ubåtsjaktförmåga: en undersökning om utvecklingen av taktikreglemente och organisation2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste åren har svensk försvarsförmåga aktualiserats i media som bristande. I dagens Europa har det säkerhetspolitiska läget blivit alltmer uppmärksammat. Med tanke på hur utvecklingen ser ut är det i högsta grad relevant att utvärdera svensk försvarsförmåga för eventuellt framtida hot.

    En del av vårt försvar som varit aktuellt och som fick mycket uppmärksamhet under 1980-talet var marinen och den ubåtsjakt som bedrevs då. Det blir återigen intressant att utvärdera hur mycket den svenska marinen har kvar av denna förmåga i händelse av ett ökat behov av nationellt försvar.

    Den fråga som ställs är hur utvecklingen av marinens ubåtsjakt inom ramen för förmåga och organisation faktiskt har sett ut. Genom att välja ut reglementen, och genomföra en kvalitativ textanalys på dem så skapar man ett underlag för jämförelse. Denna jämförelse besvarar sedan frågeställningen hur svensk ubåtsjaktförmåga har utvecklats. Det reglemente som valts för denna kvalitativa textanalys är Taktikreglemente för Flottan (1987) och det jämförs med resultatet för det nuvarande Taktikreglemente för marinstridskrafterna 1(A) (2010).

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att det är en snarlik utveckling inom taktikreglemente vad som avser ubåtsjaktförmåga, dock så varierar ubåtsjaktorganisationen mycket. Att jämföra enheter som genomför ubåtsjakt är väsentligt men komplext då det kräver flera systemanalyser för att kunna besvara hur kvalitet och kvantitet har varierat med åren.

  • 4875.
    Urban, Edlund
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Specialiserade markstridsförband som ett svenskt militärstrategiskt specialområde2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay has been to study a special category of ground forces, designatedSpecialised Ground Forces, in the context of a Swedish security policy with a focus onmatters outside Sweden’s borders, yet within a European context. To fulfil the aim newmilitary strategy challenges are examined. The following questions are posed:1. What significance could the Specialised Ground Forces be assigned to achieve in view ofthe objectives of Swedish military strategic?2. What role can the Specialised Ground Forces assume within the broader participation ofSwedish Armed Forces in international operations?3. What role can the Specialised Ground Forces have when compared to equivalentEuropean forces?4. What role could the Specialised Ground Forces play against the backdrop of deficienciesand needs related to the European Security and Defence Policy deficiencies when itcomes to military capability and forces?I have studied texts and analysed the objectives of Swedish military strategy, the complexityof today’s military operations and the deficiencies of European Security and Defence Policyconcerning military capability and forces have been studied and analysed. Furthermore,French, British, Finnish and Norwegian Armed Forces’ general structures have beencompared to detect both similarities and differences.The overall conclusion is that the Specialised Ground Forces could be given a moreprominent position within Swedish military strategy. They contribute in a significant way tothe national rapid response capability and, in a Swedish as well as European perspective theybridge the he gap between Special Operations Forces on the one hand and ManoeuvreForces on the other hand.

  • 4876.
    Utas, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Malignant Organisms: continuities of state-run violence in rural Liberia2009In: Crisis of the state: War and social upheaval / [ed] Bruce Kapferer and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2009, p. 256-291Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4877.
    Utas, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Sexual abuse survivors and the complex of traditional healing: (G)local Prospects in the Aftermath of an African War2009Report (Other academic)
  • 4878.
    Utas, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    The index finger of justice: Democratization in Sierra Leone2009In: Annual Report /Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2008, p. 28-30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4879.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Jörgel, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    The West Side Boys: military navigation in the Sierra Leone civil war2008In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 487-511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The West Side Boys were one of several military actors in the Sierra Leonean civil war (1991–2002). A splinter group of the army, the WSB emerged as a key player in 1999–2000. In most Western media accounts, the WSB appeared as nothing more than renegade, anarchistic bandits, devoid of any trace of long-term goals. By contrast, this article aims to explain how the WSB used well-devised military techniques in the field; how their history and military training within the Sierra Leone army shaped their notion of themselves and their view of what they were trying to accomplish; and, finally, how military commanders and politicians employed the WSB as a tactical instrument in a larger map of military and political strategies. It is in the politics of a military economy that this article is grounded.

  • 4880.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Rudén, Fanny
    Sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeeping operations in contemporary Africa2009Report (Other academic)
  • 4881.
    Utter, Leif
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Svenska stridsvagnar i utlandstjänst2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4882.
    Vaattovaara, Filip
    Swedish Defence University.
    Traditionell luftmaktsteori och våldsverkande luftoperationer i upprorsbekämpning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines whether traditional air power theory complements counterinsurgency air power theory in kinetic counterinsurgency operations. The reason being that there is some discrepancy in the theories of how air power can be used in counterinsurgency. Winning a revolutionary war requires a graduated spectrum of violence; whereas, traditionally air power is characterized as only using the kinetic, hard power, end of that spectrum.

    The purpose is to test Robert Pape’s air power theory of military coercion by denial, motivated by the theory’s agreement with current research of air power in counterinsurgency. This thesis is a comparative case study examining two, similar and successful counterinsurgency operations, Operation Anaconda and Operation Medusa.

    Findings show that denial is quite prominent when direct support of ground forces occurs; whereas operational and strategic interdiction indicate low or no occurrence. This study strengthens the theory’s applicatory power in a counterinsurgency context, and suggests it can complement current research on counterinsurgency air power in kinetic usage. 

  • 4883.
    Valkner, Magnus Chr.
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Clausewitz teorier om krigens natur vurdert i et teknologisk perspektiv2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4884.
    Vamstad, Alice
    Swedish Defence University.
    Klimatflyktingar i den rödgröna politiken: En analys av varför de försvann2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4885. van Creveld, Martin
    Ledning i krig2009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den första boken som specifikt behandlar ledningens natur spårar Martin van Creveld ledningens utveckling från antikens Grekland till Vietnam och tar upp de olika problem som påverkat beslutsfattande, samband, vapen och logistik genom historien. Boken visar hur ledningen har fungerat under avgörande slag - inkl. Napoleons seger vid Jena, Moltkes Königgrätz-fälttåg, det Arabisk-Israeliska kriget 1973 och USA:s inblandning i Vietnam - och diskuterar strävan efter visshet under utövandet av ledning: visshet om fiendens avsikter, stridens miljö och de egna styrkonas egenskaper. Boken kom ut första gången på engelska 1985.

  • 4886.
    Van Esch, Femke
    et al.
    Utrecht Sch Governance, European Integrat, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Swinkels, Marij
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). NSOB, The Hague, Netherlands.
    How Europe's Political Leaders Made Sense of the Euro Crisis: The Influence of Pressure and Personality2015In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 38, no 6, p. 1203-1225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greek announcement of its excessive debts led to one of the most severe crises the EU has faced since its inception. The crisis soon evolved into a full leadership crisis as European political leaders struggled to come up with a common solution to the challenges they faced. Theories of leadership and crisis management identify several factors that may contribute to these differences. This article examines to what extent leaders' personal traits and external pressure influenced how six political leaders made sense of the situation. The study finds that a leader's belief that they can control events, their self-confidence, as well as economic pressure provide a partial explanation of how European leaders make sense of the crisis. The traits of cognitive complexity and openness to information do not exert an influence in the cases discussed here. These findings indicate that any comprehensive understanding of how leaders make sense of crises should take note of specific individual as well as contextual factors.

  • 4887.
    Vatsel, Soames
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Laestadius, Nils
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Martinsson, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Lindh, Jens
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Applications Section.
    Lärobok i militärteknik - exempelsamling: Problem och övningsbok med ledningar2018Book (Other academic)
  • 4888.
    Verdun, Amy
    et al.
    University of Victoria, Kanada.
    Ruffa, Chiara
    Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University, USA.
    Chira, Gabriela
    Research Executive Agency of the European Commission, Belgien.
    South East and Eastern European countries EU accession quandary?2011In: Comparative European Politics, ISSN 1472-4790, E-ISSN 1740-388X, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 367-371Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4889.
    Vesterlund, Jonas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Stora bomber, små mål: Strategiskt bombflyg i COIN-operationer2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The conflicts of today differ markedly from those which are depicted in history books. It is now rare that states wage war with each other. Instead, it is the small organizations with ambitions to change the world which today constitute the biggest threat to our society. The enemy is different but in many cases the military forces and strategy used in inter-state wars remain the same. The purpose of this paper is to examine to what extent strategic bombers can be used in COIN operations, or if they are a military instrument only applicable on intergovernmental conflicts. This I intend to achieve by first examining what is unique about an insurgency, then what abilities the strategic bomber aircraft possess and eventually connect it to a known theoretical model of the use of strategic bomber aircraft in conventional warfare. The result shows that it is very difficult to use strategic bombers in COIN operations in an effective way. A terrorist or insurgent organization is markedly different from the way states are built-up and functioning. The strategic targets are fewer, and very difficult to define and access. These small organizations are mobile and blend in with the environment they operate in. For Strategic bombers to be effective there must be a broad and updated information base and the number of civiliancasualties must be kept to a minimum.

  • 4890.
    Vesterlund, Thomas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    För en gränslös logistik och arena i tiden!2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att studera i vilken omfattning teorin för den gränslösaorganisationen kan appliceras och förbättra FMLOG: s förmåga att stödja Försvarsmaktensinternationella insatser samt att besvara på vilket sätt ”Den gränslösa organisationen”påverkar Försvarsmaktens Logistikorganisation genom att besvara följande frågor:1. I vilken grad påverkar Försvarsbeslut 2004 Förvarsmaktens logistik organisation?2. I vilken grad kan Försvarsmaktens logistik göras till gränslös organisation?För att besvara dessa frågor har gjorts en litteraturstudie och en enkätundersökning, somteoretisk koppling har använts Ron Ashkenas ”Den gränslösa organisationen”.Av uppsatsens resultat framgår att det finns möjlighet att applicera den gränslösaorganisationsteorin på Försvarsmaktens logistikorganisation. Att Försvarsbeslut 04 påverkarFMLOG är uppenbart vilket kan påvisas genom: ”där Försvarsmaktens förband avvecklasavvecklar också FMLOG sin verksamhet”.

  • 4891.
    Veszelei, Monica
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Andersson, Kent
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Ribbing, C G
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Järrendahl, K
    Linköpings Tekniska Högskola.
    Arwin, H
    Linköpings Tekniska Högskola.
    Optical constants and Drude analysis of sputtered zirconium nitride films1994In: Applied Optics, ISSN 0003-6935, E-ISSN 1539-4522, Vol. 33, no 10, p. 1993-2001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Opaque and semitransparent dc magnetron-sputtered ZrN films on glass and silicon have been optically characterized with spectral reflectance measurements and ellipsometry. High rate sputtered ZrN has good optical selectivity, i.e., higher than 90% infrared reflectance and a pronounced reflectance step in the visible to a reflectance minimum of less than 10% at 350 nm. The results are comparable with those obtained for single crystalline samples and those prepared by chemical vapor deposition. The complex optical constant (N = n v ik) for opaque films has been determined in the 0.23-25-µm wavelength range with Kramers-Kronig integration of bulk reflectance combined with oblique incidence reflectance for p-polarized light. A variable angle of incidence spectroscopic ellipsometer has been used for determination of the optical constants in the 0.28-1.0-µm wavelength region. The results of the two methods show excellent agreement. The results indicate that ZrN is free electronlike and the Drude model can be applied. The best opaque films had Drude plasma energies (ħω(p) between 6.6 and 7.5 eV and relaxation energies (ħ/τ) between 0.29 and 0.36 eV. Ellipsometer data for the semitransparent films show that the refractive index (n) in the visible increases with decreasing film thickness whereas the extinction coefficient (k) is essentially unchanged. The optical properties are improved by deposition upon a heated substrate.

  • 4892.
    Veszelei, Monica
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Andersson, Kent
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Roos, Arne
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Optical characterization of sputtered semitransparent zirconium nitride films1993In: Optical materials (Amsterdam), ISSN 0925-3467, E-ISSN 1873-1252, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 257-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thin semi-transparent ZrN films have been prepared using reactive dc magnetron sputtering. The films had thickness from 11 to 43 nm and were grown on heated and room temperature glass substrates. The optical constants, N=n+ik, of the thin films have been determined with an RT inversion method in the wavelength interval 0.40 to 2.0 μm. The thickness of the films was determined from the photometric measurements. The optical properties of the thin films on glass were compared to opaque and thin ZrN films grown on single crystalline Si. The Drude parameters were calculated from the measured optical constants in the relaxation region of the thin films. The relaxation time, τ, of the thin films was found to increase with film thickness, substrate temperature and substrate crystallinity. The relaxation time is the mean free time for the electrons between collisions and a long relaxation time corresponds to a film with high optical quality. The observed decrease of τ with decreasing film thickness can be explained by the higher statistical probability of the electrons in a thin film to collide with the two surfaces of the film. Another explanation to the decrease of τ with film thickness is scattering from grain boundaries and lattice impurities. The higher optical quality of films grown on heated substrates is probably due to an increased grain size. The measured optical constants were compared with calculated optical constants, using the Drude model, and the optical behaviour of thin ZrN films was found to be well described by the screened free-electron model.

  • 4893.
    Vikblad, Christian
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Utvecklande ledarskap: rätt metod vid internationell insats?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4894.
    Viken, Bård
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Hva er viktig kompetanse i Forsvaret?: en analyse med eksempler fra luftforsvaret2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The situation for the Norwegian Armed Forces has changed significantly after the end of the Cold War.  A new and smaller organization is evolving, and the consequence of this development is that the focus on competence within the military must increase. Changed threat, a new economic reality and the ongoing technical development in the world are all factors that will form the new organization. This thesis discusses these factors impact on future competence in the Norwegian Armed Forces.  Examples are taken from the technical branch within the Air Force. The most important competence is the competence necessary for conducting the core activity.  Core activity for the Norwegian Armed Forces is not officially defined, but in this thesis it is regarded as Operations.  The future organization must also contain more and better competence in specifying and buying materiel and services than the case is today. This also includes activities that are a part of the military organization today (outsourcing).  Core Competence Theory is a good tool for clarifying the relation between the different necessary needs for competence within the military organization. However the method is not suitable for finding the line between competences that must stay within – and competences that can be outsourced.

  • 4895.
    Vikman, Erik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vådabekämpning i luftarenan: En analys av situation awareness och confidence i vådaincidenter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite advancements in modern technology the rates of casualties caused by friendly fire have increased. Studies show that technology on its own cannot eliminate friendly fire casualties due to the involvement of human factors. This thesis aims to develop a model to increase understanding of fratricide. The model is based on the relationship between situation awareness and confidence, with the hypothesis that fratricidal events are characterised by poor situation awareness and high level of confidence.

    The theory development is achieved through three case studies of fratricide in air operations, using mainly official reports and video footage in a qualitative analysis. The result of the thesis does not show a relationship between situation awareness and confidence according to the hypothesis. Situation awareness is poor in all three cases studied. Confidence however is considered low in two out of three cases, opposing the hypothesis and demanding further studies of causal mechanisms explaining the problem of fratricide.

  • 4896.
    Vikström, Daniel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Artilleribataljonens sensorkompani: behov teknisk kompetens2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4897.
    Vikström, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Den militära nyttan av kurskorrigerande tändrör2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s increased international commitment has altered the forms andenvironments of today's battlefield and military operations for units within theSwedish Armed Forces. First and foremost it means that all units have to be able tohandle all levels of conflict in most types of environments, including urban terrain.As a consequence of this, new needs and requirements arise concerning indirect fireand Artillery precision strike capabilities.

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate if and to what extent a course correctingfuse contributes to an increased tactical efficiency within the areas of effect, cost,logistics and reduced risk of collateral damage. The investigation is made through acomparative literature study with supplementary expert interviews.With the help of a course correcting fuse, which allows for close precision capability,a series of achievements can be acquired.

    Examples of such achievements are reduced dispersion and increased capability ofdimensioning of effects, reduced risk of collateral damage, lower total cost ofmunitions and reduced demand of logistics.

  • 4898.
    Vilbern, Björn
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Marin insatsstyrka - övningar med väpnad strid i fokus?2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att analysera marinens övningsverksamhet inom ramen för en marin insatsstyrka i enlighet med Försvarsmaktens målbild 2010. Den övergripande frågeställningen är om dagens marina nationella övningar helt eller delvis kan ersättas av internationella övningar. Tre förband som kan tänkas ingå i en marin insatsstyrka, ytstridsförband, minröjningsförband och amfibieförband, analyseras utifrån kraven på förmåga till väpnad strid, i enlighet med förbandens TOEM, dvs Taktisk, Organisatorisk och Ekonomisk Målsättning. Väpnad strid är ett omfattande begrepp och i uppsatsen diskuteras endast stridens tre klassiska grundelement; eld, rörelse och skydd. Uppsatsen består av tre huvuddelar, varav den första delen beskriver förbanden och miljön de skall verka i samt en redogörelse av de krav på förmågor som ställs i TOEM. I den andra delen beskrivs och analyseras ett urval av nationella och internationella övningar, i syfte att påvisa i vilken omfattning väpnad strid övas. Tredje delen utgörs av författarens slutsatser. Uppsatsen visar att tonvikten, i princip i samtliga övningar, inte ligger på väpnad strid utan på interoperabilitet och förmågan att kunna agera i ett internationellt sammanhang, t ex vid Peace Support Operations. Väpnad strid i sammansatta förband övas i huvudsak vid taktiska tillämpade- och momentövningar, vilket i stort sätt endast genomförs nationellt. Denna uppsats ger belägg för att våra nationella sammansatta övningar, vare sig delvis eller helt, kan ersättas av internationella övningar.

  • 4899.
    Villman, Max
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ryskt luftmaktsanvändande i Georgien 2008 – ett fall av Warden?2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Russian-Georgian war of 2008 drastically changed Europe´s and Sweden´s political climate.Russiashowed that it is capable of successfully completing complex campaigns including ground, naval and air assets. However, not much has been said about the theoretical framework and doctrine of the Russian military of today. Even less has been researched about Russian use of air power and applied air theory. Are air power assets still considered primarily as support of ground offensives or has the theoretical framework changed?

    John A. Warden III´s theory presented in The Air Campaign and The Enemy as a System have had a big impact on western air power use. HasRussia also changed its approach on the use of air power to include the theory of Warden?

    This thesis researches Russian use of air power in the war with Georgia 2008. The empirics are then compared to Warden´s theory of air power use to answer the question if Russia´s air power use in the war with Georgia 2008 was done in cohesion with what Warden suggests.

  • 4900.
    Villner, Viktor
    Swedish Defence University.
    Fighting in the Streets: Testing Theory on Urban Warfighting2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to examine why it is that combat in urban environments is so deadly and casualty-heavy for conventional militaries, even when those militaries hold a technological and/or numerical advantage. The paper aims to test the theory of Alice Hills through a structured, focused comparison on three cases of urban warfighting. The paper examines the battle of Stalingrad 1942-1943, the battle of Mogadishu 1993 and the first battle of Grozny in 1994. Support for Hills theory is found in what she argues is a pre-modern type of combat that is slowgoing and relies upon ground forces as well as the equalization of technological advantages through improvised adaptation of older and/or less than ideal equipment. The paper highlights the need for intelligence in urban operations, especially human intelligence, as a potentional further development of Hills theory.

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