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  • 4851.
    Unnerbäck, Isak
    Swedish National Defence College. Univerzita obrany v Brne .
    Analysis of Unmanned Ground Vehicles systems.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the increasing quantity of soldier equipment in some cases weighing up to 50kg per soldier, a need to decrease the workload of the soldier emerges. There are several conventional solutions in the working, amongst them there are unmanned ground vehicles. But pack animals has for a long time played a major role in war, as modes of transportation, logistics and battle. This study will compare two UGV:s the LS3 and the TAROS V2 to the horse. The purpose is to compare old technology to new to a relatively new problem of high equipment weight.The method used to compare is a military technical system analysis, with the use of a multi-criteria and SWOT analysis. The result of the comparison is that the one of the UGV:s have better mobility and endurance that are up to date with today’s standards.

  • 4852.
    Unogård, Erik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Mjuka värden och lull-lull: Om varför Försvarsmaktens värdegrund inte upplevs som tydlig och gemensam2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since previous research suggests that the core values of the Armed Forces' are not perceived as legible and united as intended, the purpose of this thesis has been to resolve why. Using a questionnaire, the participating officers have been asked to answer questions about what/how they know and think about the core values.

    The majority of the respondents were in fact both familiar with and fully or partially sympathetic to the core values. Regrettably, the low response rate meant significant barriers to the selection of and prohibited general conclusions about the issued population. Nevertheless, the results enabled the conclusion that the core values are being accepted and applied to some degree but have not been fully embedded and incorporated. Trying to draw additional conclusions about the anticipated occurrences of others mistakes seemed capricious.

  • 4853.
    Uppström, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Svensk ubåtsjaktförmåga: en undersökning om utvecklingen av taktikreglemente och organisation2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste åren har svensk försvarsförmåga aktualiserats i media som bristande. I dagens Europa har det säkerhetspolitiska läget blivit alltmer uppmärksammat. Med tanke på hur utvecklingen ser ut är det i högsta grad relevant att utvärdera svensk försvarsförmåga för eventuellt framtida hot.

    En del av vårt försvar som varit aktuellt och som fick mycket uppmärksamhet under 1980-talet var marinen och den ubåtsjakt som bedrevs då. Det blir återigen intressant att utvärdera hur mycket den svenska marinen har kvar av denna förmåga i händelse av ett ökat behov av nationellt försvar.

    Den fråga som ställs är hur utvecklingen av marinens ubåtsjakt inom ramen för förmåga och organisation faktiskt har sett ut. Genom att välja ut reglementen, och genomföra en kvalitativ textanalys på dem så skapar man ett underlag för jämförelse. Denna jämförelse besvarar sedan frågeställningen hur svensk ubåtsjaktförmåga har utvecklats. Det reglemente som valts för denna kvalitativa textanalys är Taktikreglemente för Flottan (1987) och det jämförs med resultatet för det nuvarande Taktikreglemente för marinstridskrafterna 1(A) (2010).

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att det är en snarlik utveckling inom taktikreglemente vad som avser ubåtsjaktförmåga, dock så varierar ubåtsjaktorganisationen mycket. Att jämföra enheter som genomför ubåtsjakt är väsentligt men komplext då det kräver flera systemanalyser för att kunna besvara hur kvalitet och kvantitet har varierat med åren.

  • 4854.
    Urban, Edlund
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Specialiserade markstridsförband som ett svenskt militärstrategiskt specialområde2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay has been to study a special category of ground forces, designatedSpecialised Ground Forces, in the context of a Swedish security policy with a focus onmatters outside Sweden’s borders, yet within a European context. To fulfil the aim newmilitary strategy challenges are examined. The following questions are posed:1. What significance could the Specialised Ground Forces be assigned to achieve in view ofthe objectives of Swedish military strategic?2. What role can the Specialised Ground Forces assume within the broader participation ofSwedish Armed Forces in international operations?3. What role can the Specialised Ground Forces have when compared to equivalentEuropean forces?4. What role could the Specialised Ground Forces play against the backdrop of deficienciesand needs related to the European Security and Defence Policy deficiencies when itcomes to military capability and forces?I have studied texts and analysed the objectives of Swedish military strategy, the complexityof today’s military operations and the deficiencies of European Security and Defence Policyconcerning military capability and forces have been studied and analysed. Furthermore,French, British, Finnish and Norwegian Armed Forces’ general structures have beencompared to detect both similarities and differences.The overall conclusion is that the Specialised Ground Forces could be given a moreprominent position within Swedish military strategy. They contribute in a significant way tothe national rapid response capability and, in a Swedish as well as European perspective theybridge the he gap between Special Operations Forces on the one hand and ManoeuvreForces on the other hand.

  • 4855.
    Utas, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Malignant Organisms: continuities of state-run violence in rural Liberia2009In: Crisis of the state: War and social upheaval / [ed] Bruce Kapferer and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2009, p. 256-291Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4856.
    Utas, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Sexual abuse survivors and the complex of traditional healing: (G)local Prospects in the Aftermath of an African War2009Report (Other academic)
  • 4857.
    Utas, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    The index finger of justice: Democratization in Sierra Leone2009In: Annual Report /Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2008, p. 28-30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4858.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Jörgel, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    The West Side Boys: military navigation in the Sierra Leone civil war2008In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 487-511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The West Side Boys were one of several military actors in the Sierra Leonean civil war (1991–2002). A splinter group of the army, the WSB emerged as a key player in 1999–2000. In most Western media accounts, the WSB appeared as nothing more than renegade, anarchistic bandits, devoid of any trace of long-term goals. By contrast, this article aims to explain how the WSB used well-devised military techniques in the field; how their history and military training within the Sierra Leone army shaped their notion of themselves and their view of what they were trying to accomplish; and, finally, how military commanders and politicians employed the WSB as a tactical instrument in a larger map of military and political strategies. It is in the politics of a military economy that this article is grounded.

  • 4859.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Rudén, Fanny
    Sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeeping operations in contemporary Africa2009Report (Other academic)
  • 4860.
    Utter, Leif
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Svenska stridsvagnar i utlandstjänst2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4861.
    Vaattovaara, Filip
    Swedish Defence University.
    Traditionell luftmaktsteori och våldsverkande luftoperationer i upprorsbekämpning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines whether traditional air power theory complements counterinsurgency air power theory in kinetic counterinsurgency operations. The reason being that there is some discrepancy in the theories of how air power can be used in counterinsurgency. Winning a revolutionary war requires a graduated spectrum of violence; whereas, traditionally air power is characterized as only using the kinetic, hard power, end of that spectrum.

    The purpose is to test Robert Pape’s air power theory of military coercion by denial, motivated by the theory’s agreement with current research of air power in counterinsurgency. This thesis is a comparative case study examining two, similar and successful counterinsurgency operations, Operation Anaconda and Operation Medusa.

    Findings show that denial is quite prominent when direct support of ground forces occurs; whereas operational and strategic interdiction indicate low or no occurrence. This study strengthens the theory’s applicatory power in a counterinsurgency context, and suggests it can complement current research on counterinsurgency air power in kinetic usage. 

  • 4862.
    Valkner, Magnus Chr.
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Clausewitz teorier om krigens natur vurdert i et teknologisk perspektiv2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4863.
    Vamstad, Alice
    Swedish Defence University.
    Klimatflyktingar i den rödgröna politiken: En analys av varför de försvann2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4864. van Creveld, Martin
    Ledning i krig2009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den första boken som specifikt behandlar ledningens natur spårar Martin van Creveld ledningens utveckling från antikens Grekland till Vietnam och tar upp de olika problem som påverkat beslutsfattande, samband, vapen och logistik genom historien. Boken visar hur ledningen har fungerat under avgörande slag - inkl. Napoleons seger vid Jena, Moltkes Königgrätz-fälttåg, det Arabisk-Israeliska kriget 1973 och USA:s inblandning i Vietnam - och diskuterar strävan efter visshet under utövandet av ledning: visshet om fiendens avsikter, stridens miljö och de egna styrkonas egenskaper. Boken kom ut första gången på engelska 1985.

  • 4865.
    Van Esch, Femke
    et al.
    Utrecht Sch Governance, European Integrat, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Swinkels, Marij
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). NSOB, The Hague, Netherlands.
    How Europe's Political Leaders Made Sense of the Euro Crisis: The Influence of Pressure and Personality2015In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 38, no 6, p. 1203-1225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greek announcement of its excessive debts led to one of the most severe crises the EU has faced since its inception. The crisis soon evolved into a full leadership crisis as European political leaders struggled to come up with a common solution to the challenges they faced. Theories of leadership and crisis management identify several factors that may contribute to these differences. This article examines to what extent leaders' personal traits and external pressure influenced how six political leaders made sense of the situation. The study finds that a leader's belief that they can control events, their self-confidence, as well as economic pressure provide a partial explanation of how European leaders make sense of the crisis. The traits of cognitive complexity and openness to information do not exert an influence in the cases discussed here. These findings indicate that any comprehensive understanding of how leaders make sense of crises should take note of specific individual as well as contextual factors.

  • 4866.
    Vatsel, Soames
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Laestadius, Nils
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Martinsson, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Lindh, Jens
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Applications Section.
    Lärobok i militärteknik - exempelsamling: Problem och övningsbok med ledningar2018Book (Other academic)
  • 4867.
    Verdun, Amy
    et al.
    University of Victoria, Kanada.
    Ruffa, Chiara
    Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University, USA.
    Chira, Gabriela
    Research Executive Agency of the European Commission, Belgien.
    South East and Eastern European countries EU accession quandary?2011In: Comparative European Politics, ISSN 1472-4790, E-ISSN 1740-388X, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 367-371Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4868.
    Vesterlund, Jonas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Stora bomber, små mål: Strategiskt bombflyg i COIN-operationer2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The conflicts of today differ markedly from those which are depicted in history books. It is now rare that states wage war with each other. Instead, it is the small organizations with ambitions to change the world which today constitute the biggest threat to our society. The enemy is different but in many cases the military forces and strategy used in inter-state wars remain the same. The purpose of this paper is to examine to what extent strategic bombers can be used in COIN operations, or if they are a military instrument only applicable on intergovernmental conflicts. This I intend to achieve by first examining what is unique about an insurgency, then what abilities the strategic bomber aircraft possess and eventually connect it to a known theoretical model of the use of strategic bomber aircraft in conventional warfare. The result shows that it is very difficult to use strategic bombers in COIN operations in an effective way. A terrorist or insurgent organization is markedly different from the way states are built-up and functioning. The strategic targets are fewer, and very difficult to define and access. These small organizations are mobile and blend in with the environment they operate in. For Strategic bombers to be effective there must be a broad and updated information base and the number of civiliancasualties must be kept to a minimum.

  • 4869.
    Vesterlund, Thomas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    För en gränslös logistik och arena i tiden!2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att studera i vilken omfattning teorin för den gränslösaorganisationen kan appliceras och förbättra FMLOG: s förmåga att stödja Försvarsmaktensinternationella insatser samt att besvara på vilket sätt ”Den gränslösa organisationen”påverkar Försvarsmaktens Logistikorganisation genom att besvara följande frågor:1. I vilken grad påverkar Försvarsbeslut 2004 Förvarsmaktens logistik organisation?2. I vilken grad kan Försvarsmaktens logistik göras till gränslös organisation?För att besvara dessa frågor har gjorts en litteraturstudie och en enkätundersökning, somteoretisk koppling har använts Ron Ashkenas ”Den gränslösa organisationen”.Av uppsatsens resultat framgår att det finns möjlighet att applicera den gränslösaorganisationsteorin på Försvarsmaktens logistikorganisation. Att Försvarsbeslut 04 påverkarFMLOG är uppenbart vilket kan påvisas genom: ”där Försvarsmaktens förband avvecklasavvecklar också FMLOG sin verksamhet”.

  • 4870.
    Veszelei, Monica
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Andersson, Kent
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Ribbing, C G
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Järrendahl, K
    Linköpings Tekniska Högskola.
    Arwin, H
    Linköpings Tekniska Högskola.
    Optical constants and Drude analysis of sputtered zirconium nitride films1994In: Applied Optics, ISSN 0003-6935, E-ISSN 1539-4522, Vol. 33, no 10, p. 1993-2001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Opaque and semitransparent dc magnetron-sputtered ZrN films on glass and silicon have been optically characterized with spectral reflectance measurements and ellipsometry. High rate sputtered ZrN has good optical selectivity, i.e., higher than 90% infrared reflectance and a pronounced reflectance step in the visible to a reflectance minimum of less than 10% at 350 nm. The results are comparable with those obtained for single crystalline samples and those prepared by chemical vapor deposition. The complex optical constant (N = n v ik) for opaque films has been determined in the 0.23-25-µm wavelength range with Kramers-Kronig integration of bulk reflectance combined with oblique incidence reflectance for p-polarized light. A variable angle of incidence spectroscopic ellipsometer has been used for determination of the optical constants in the 0.28-1.0-µm wavelength region. The results of the two methods show excellent agreement. The results indicate that ZrN is free electronlike and the Drude model can be applied. The best opaque films had Drude plasma energies (ħω(p) between 6.6 and 7.5 eV and relaxation energies (ħ/τ) between 0.29 and 0.36 eV. Ellipsometer data for the semitransparent films show that the refractive index (n) in the visible increases with decreasing film thickness whereas the extinction coefficient (k) is essentially unchanged. The optical properties are improved by deposition upon a heated substrate.

  • 4871.
    Veszelei, Monica
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Andersson, Kent
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Roos, Arne
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Optical characterization of sputtered semitransparent zirconium nitride films1993In: Optical materials (Amsterdam), ISSN 0925-3467, E-ISSN 1873-1252, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 257-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thin semi-transparent ZrN films have been prepared using reactive dc magnetron sputtering. The films had thickness from 11 to 43 nm and were grown on heated and room temperature glass substrates. The optical constants, N=n+ik, of the thin films have been determined with an RT inversion method in the wavelength interval 0.40 to 2.0 μm. The thickness of the films was determined from the photometric measurements. The optical properties of the thin films on glass were compared to opaque and thin ZrN films grown on single crystalline Si. The Drude parameters were calculated from the measured optical constants in the relaxation region of the thin films. The relaxation time, τ, of the thin films was found to increase with film thickness, substrate temperature and substrate crystallinity. The relaxation time is the mean free time for the electrons between collisions and a long relaxation time corresponds to a film with high optical quality. The observed decrease of τ with decreasing film thickness can be explained by the higher statistical probability of the electrons in a thin film to collide with the two surfaces of the film. Another explanation to the decrease of τ with film thickness is scattering from grain boundaries and lattice impurities. The higher optical quality of films grown on heated substrates is probably due to an increased grain size. The measured optical constants were compared with calculated optical constants, using the Drude model, and the optical behaviour of thin ZrN films was found to be well described by the screened free-electron model.

  • 4872.
    Vikblad, Christian
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Utvecklande ledarskap: rätt metod vid internationell insats?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4873.
    Viken, Bård
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Hva er viktig kompetanse i Forsvaret?: en analyse med eksempler fra luftforsvaret2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The situation for the Norwegian Armed Forces has changed significantly after the end of the Cold War.  A new and smaller organization is evolving, and the consequence of this development is that the focus on competence within the military must increase. Changed threat, a new economic reality and the ongoing technical development in the world are all factors that will form the new organization. This thesis discusses these factors impact on future competence in the Norwegian Armed Forces.  Examples are taken from the technical branch within the Air Force. The most important competence is the competence necessary for conducting the core activity.  Core activity for the Norwegian Armed Forces is not officially defined, but in this thesis it is regarded as Operations.  The future organization must also contain more and better competence in specifying and buying materiel and services than the case is today. This also includes activities that are a part of the military organization today (outsourcing).  Core Competence Theory is a good tool for clarifying the relation between the different necessary needs for competence within the military organization. However the method is not suitable for finding the line between competences that must stay within – and competences that can be outsourced.

  • 4874.
    Vikman, Erik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vådabekämpning i luftarenan: En analys av situation awareness och confidence i vådaincidenter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite advancements in modern technology the rates of casualties caused by friendly fire have increased. Studies show that technology on its own cannot eliminate friendly fire casualties due to the involvement of human factors. This thesis aims to develop a model to increase understanding of fratricide. The model is based on the relationship between situation awareness and confidence, with the hypothesis that fratricidal events are characterised by poor situation awareness and high level of confidence.

    The theory development is achieved through three case studies of fratricide in air operations, using mainly official reports and video footage in a qualitative analysis. The result of the thesis does not show a relationship between situation awareness and confidence according to the hypothesis. Situation awareness is poor in all three cases studied. Confidence however is considered low in two out of three cases, opposing the hypothesis and demanding further studies of causal mechanisms explaining the problem of fratricide.

  • 4875.
    Vikström, Daniel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Artilleribataljonens sensorkompani: behov teknisk kompetens2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4876.
    Vikström, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Den militära nyttan av kurskorrigerande tändrör2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s increased international commitment has altered the forms andenvironments of today's battlefield and military operations for units within theSwedish Armed Forces. First and foremost it means that all units have to be able tohandle all levels of conflict in most types of environments, including urban terrain.As a consequence of this, new needs and requirements arise concerning indirect fireand Artillery precision strike capabilities.

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate if and to what extent a course correctingfuse contributes to an increased tactical efficiency within the areas of effect, cost,logistics and reduced risk of collateral damage. The investigation is made through acomparative literature study with supplementary expert interviews.With the help of a course correcting fuse, which allows for close precision capability,a series of achievements can be acquired.

    Examples of such achievements are reduced dispersion and increased capability ofdimensioning of effects, reduced risk of collateral damage, lower total cost ofmunitions and reduced demand of logistics.

  • 4877.
    Vilbern, Björn
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Marin insatsstyrka - övningar med väpnad strid i fokus?2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att analysera marinens övningsverksamhet inom ramen för en marin insatsstyrka i enlighet med Försvarsmaktens målbild 2010. Den övergripande frågeställningen är om dagens marina nationella övningar helt eller delvis kan ersättas av internationella övningar. Tre förband som kan tänkas ingå i en marin insatsstyrka, ytstridsförband, minröjningsförband och amfibieförband, analyseras utifrån kraven på förmåga till väpnad strid, i enlighet med förbandens TOEM, dvs Taktisk, Organisatorisk och Ekonomisk Målsättning. Väpnad strid är ett omfattande begrepp och i uppsatsen diskuteras endast stridens tre klassiska grundelement; eld, rörelse och skydd. Uppsatsen består av tre huvuddelar, varav den första delen beskriver förbanden och miljön de skall verka i samt en redogörelse av de krav på förmågor som ställs i TOEM. I den andra delen beskrivs och analyseras ett urval av nationella och internationella övningar, i syfte att påvisa i vilken omfattning väpnad strid övas. Tredje delen utgörs av författarens slutsatser. Uppsatsen visar att tonvikten, i princip i samtliga övningar, inte ligger på väpnad strid utan på interoperabilitet och förmågan att kunna agera i ett internationellt sammanhang, t ex vid Peace Support Operations. Väpnad strid i sammansatta förband övas i huvudsak vid taktiska tillämpade- och momentövningar, vilket i stort sätt endast genomförs nationellt. Denna uppsats ger belägg för att våra nationella sammansatta övningar, vare sig delvis eller helt, kan ersättas av internationella övningar.

  • 4878.
    Villman, Max
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ryskt luftmaktsanvändande i Georgien 2008 – ett fall av Warden?2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Russian-Georgian war of 2008 drastically changed Europe´s and Sweden´s political climate.Russiashowed that it is capable of successfully completing complex campaigns including ground, naval and air assets. However, not much has been said about the theoretical framework and doctrine of the Russian military of today. Even less has been researched about Russian use of air power and applied air theory. Are air power assets still considered primarily as support of ground offensives or has the theoretical framework changed?

    John A. Warden III´s theory presented in The Air Campaign and The Enemy as a System have had a big impact on western air power use. HasRussia also changed its approach on the use of air power to include the theory of Warden?

    This thesis researches Russian use of air power in the war with Georgia 2008. The empirics are then compared to Warden´s theory of air power use to answer the question if Russia´s air power use in the war with Georgia 2008 was done in cohesion with what Warden suggests.

  • 4879.
    Villner, Viktor
    Swedish Defence University.
    Fighting in the Streets: Testing Theory on Urban Warfighting2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to examine why it is that combat in urban environments is so deadly and casualty-heavy for conventional militaries, even when those militaries hold a technological and/or numerical advantage. The paper aims to test the theory of Alice Hills through a structured, focused comparison on three cases of urban warfighting. The paper examines the battle of Stalingrad 1942-1943, the battle of Mogadishu 1993 and the first battle of Grozny in 1994. Support for Hills theory is found in what she argues is a pre-modern type of combat that is slowgoing and relies upon ground forces as well as the equalization of technological advantages through improvised adaptation of older and/or less than ideal equipment. The paper highlights the need for intelligence in urban operations, especially human intelligence, as a potentional further development of Hills theory.

  • 4880.
    Viper, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University.
    Gerillakrigföring till sjöss: En teoriprövande tvåfallstudie om underlägsnas framgång2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When explaining the course of action of inferior actors in asymmetric conflicts, Guerrilla Warfare is normative. But when illustrated, the examples are only of battles and wars fought on land. Consequently, there seems to be an insufficient amount of studies that show whether Guerrilla Warfare truly is a theory for maritime forces.

    The purpose of this study is to test if Guerrilla Warfare can explain the procedure of inferior, but successful, maritime forces in asymmetric conflicts. To extract the principles of guerrilla tactics, the controversial thoughts of Tse-tung, Giap and Guevara has been examined. The cases of this study are the Israeli maritime forces in the Yom Kippur war, and the Sea Tigers in the civil war of Sri Lanka.

    The results show that Guerrilla Warfare, despite similarities, cannot fully explain the tactical procedures of the Israelis. However, Guerrilla Warfare can, despite one difference, explain the tactical procedures of the Sea Tigers. This essay therefore argues that Guerrilla Warfare can be of use for maritime forces in the search of victory despite inferiority. 

  • 4881.
    Virolainen, Heikki
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Den akademiska vägen mot uppdragstaktik och utvecklande ledarskap: En analys av kursplanerna vid OP 08-112011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish armed forces managing approach is mission type tactics and the education towards it has previously been directed quite freely by the Swedish armed forces. When the officer cadets education now strive against academic learning rather than practical learning the reflection of mission type learning now can be questioned. By the same reason another aspect in the education can be questioned, the leadership.

    The main purpose with this study is to investigate whether how the education at the officer academy strives towards the managing approach and leadership approach that applies within the Swedish armed forces, mission type tactics and transformational leadership. 

    • Based on the curriculums, can learning goals be found which derive from mission type tactics and transformational leadership?
    • In that case, in which extent are these reflected? 

    The scientific uniting of mission type tactics and transformational leadership has been made possible in a report written by Lena Stenlund and Gerry Larsson. The report constitutes the foundation of the analytical tools which is used in the review of the curriculums.

    The study is to be considered as a qualitative analysis of contents of the curriculums where a descriptive comparison has been made between each curriculum and the analytical tool. 

    When the question at issue is to be answered, opposition against the reflection of mission type tactics and transformational leadership can hardly be raised. This is because every single one of the key concepts and factors found in the analytical tool also is found in the result compilation.

  • 4882.
    Vlassenroot, Koen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Sandrine, Perrot
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Informal political structures, resources and the Ugandan army in the Democratic Republic of Congo2009Report (Other academic)
  • 4883.
    Vobora, Martin
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kan Flygvapnet luftförsvara Sverige?: en studie om Flygvapnets möjligheter att ingripa mot asymmetriska hot i fredstid2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay has its starting point in the dramatic events that took place in the USA on 11 September 2001. American society and the whole western world were caught by surprise by a terrorist attack whose devastated results and con-sequences no one could have foreseen. It was conducted in a way the North American Air Defence had not anticipated and therefore was not prepared to meet. The western armed forces are built up to meet conventional threats. Likewise the Swedish Air Defence is built up from a threat assessment based on the Cold War. With asymmetric warfare as a theoretical framework this essay describes the new threats that large-scale terrorism is an example of. It is based on the asymmetric categories that the American scientists Steven Metz and Douglas Johnson present. The essay examines, on basis of the scenario that took place in the USA, the Swedish Air Force`s possibility to intervene against asymmetric threats. The conclusion of the essay is that the Swedish Air Force raised its alert status and solved its main task: to maintain the territorial integ-rity on the basis of IKFN. IKFN is the foundation for the Swedish Rules of Engagement in peacetime and neutrality. The essay states that these ROEs are formed on the basis of a threat assessment of a symmetric opponent in a con-ventional war. The main conclusion is that the current Rules of Engagement are not sufficient to meet the new asymmetric threats where large-scale terror-ism is a method.

  • 4884.
    von Horn, Albert
    Swedish National Defence College.
    USA Counterinsurgency VS. Galula2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The security situation in Afghanistan has deteriorated in recent years and the conflict has escalated. This clearly depends on many things but I have chosen to look at the American doctrine that deals with irregular conflict (counterinsurgency). How does it look compared to Galulas theory with regard to operations in an irregular conflict? To investigate this, I assumed Galulas theory to compare it with the American doctrine. By looking at the different stages that Galula divided his operations in, I then examined what the U.S. doctrine says about them. The results of the study is that the American doctrine is very similar to Galulas theory and both states much of the same things as important points, to be successful as a regular party in an irregular conflict.

  • 4885.
    von Horn, Wilhelm
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Tempo och manöverkrig: svenska doktriner och tillämpning2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Maneuver warfare has gradually developed as a result of new technology being used in old ways to wage war. Especially Germany and England have developed what we today call maneuver warfare. As a natural result in the development of how to wage war, new ideas of how success would be achieved also came forth. The idea of an indirect approach was revolutionary and gained a strong foothold in how we today perceive war making.  In maneuver warfare a new philosophy of leadership has also been given wide recognition, today mission tactics is spread throughout the world.

    The Swedish armed forces basic concept of operations is maneuver thinking. This has its roots in the German and English doctrines developed during the time between the first and second world wars. Its leadership philosophy is mission tactics and can bee seen and identified throughout the Swedish armed forces structure.

    This essay researches and discusses the meaning of the term tempo in maneuver warfare, both as physical movement and as a decisive cycle. I have come to these conclusions; initiative is key to success, initiative is won thru acting offensively with mission tactics as a base.

  • 4886.
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Danielsson, Erna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    När Sverige överrumplades: En studie av ledarskap och myndigheters samverkan efter tsunamikatastrofen 20042006Report (Other academic)
  • 4887.
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Danielsson, Erna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Steget före: Samverkan och ledarskap vid hantering av ett gisslandrama vid en rymning från en fångvårdsanstalt2006Report (Other academic)
  • 4888.
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hur stämmer unga officerares faktiska ledarutveckling med Försvarsmaktens ledarskapsmodell Utvecklande ledarskap2006Report (Other academic)
  • 4889.
    Vrenngård, Thomas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Amerikanska marinkårens taktik med pansarvärnsrobotför-band i Operation Desert Storm: Av relevans för svenska armén idag?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande arbete tar sin utgångspunkt i en observation av hur United States Marine Corps (USMC) använde pansarvärnsrobotförband förvånansvärt aggressivt under Gulfkriget 1991. Med syftet att studera denna taktik och att därigenom skapa en ökad förståelse för pansarvärnsrobotförbandens taktiska möjligheter/begränsningar skapas en problemformulering som undersöker vilken relevans USMC:s taktik med pansarvärnsrobotförband i Operation DESERT STORM har för svenska armén idag? För att kunna besvara denna övergripande fråga bryts den ned till tre forskningsfrågor som beskriver vilken taktik som karaktäriserade USMC:s pansarvärnsrobotförband, därefter förklarar motiven för denna taktik och slutligen värderar vilka lärdomar som svenska armén kan dra från detta 2012.

    Resultatet visar att marinkårens taktik i huvudsak har låg relevans på grund av de unika förutsättningar avseende terräng, siktförhållanden och teknikasymmetri som förelåg i Persiska viken 1991. Terrängen var nästan helt platt vilket gav god effekt för pansarvärnsrobotarnas övertag i skjutavstånd gentemot irakiska stridsvagnar. Oljerök och dimma gjorde att deras termiska sikten kunde verka där inga irakiska motsvarigheter fanns. Konceptet Combined Anti Armor Team bedöms värt att beakta för armén inom ramen för kombinerade vapen och slutförande av Insatsorganisation 2014.

  • 4890.
    Vrenngård, Thomas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Svenska reglementens relevans för afghanistaninsatsen: En jämförelse avseende skydd av lokalbefolkningen2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande arbete undersöker metodmässig interoperabilitet genom att jämföra de kommande svenska reglementena Reglemente för Markoperationer och Markstridsreglemente 6 – Bataljon och deras överensstämmelse med den doktrin som nyttjas av International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) i Afghanistan. Undersökningen syftar till att lämna ett bidrag till den svenska reglementsutvecklingen.

    Arbetet visar att det finns en överensstämmelse avseende grundbudskapet att lokalbefolkningen behöver skyddas och att man måste förstå deras situation. Det föreligger en låg grad av överensstämmelse avseende metoder för att skydda befolkningen.

    Författaren lämnar tre rekommendationer:1. Omarbeta beskrivningen av stabiliserande metoder2. Inkludera begreppet ”Clear-Hold-Build”3. Inarbeta verktyg för att analysera den mänskliga terrängen

  • 4891.
    Vretblad, Bengt
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Are Quantity-Distances Narrowing in?2010In: Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board Seminar (34th) held in Portland, Oregon on 13-15 July 2010, Portland: Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board , 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantity-Distance (QD) is an established method used among other things for safety related to ammunition storage. The beauty of the QD-method is obvious - the simplicity - a simple solution to a complicated problem.

    As often is the case, the simple solution may be too simple for some applications. This makes a need to question the QD-method - if, when and how to use it.

    QD methods are generally appreciated by authorities who have to apply it and they consider it easy to understand (Acceptable - Not acceptable and nothing in between). Technical people who are involved in the ammunition safety process are well aware of the deficiencies associated with it. These deficiencies have led to alternate ways to be used in safety regulations e.g. methods based upon risk analysis.

    Increased costs for land and military operational requirements make it necessary both to apply alternate methods to ensure adequate safety and to question the criteria behind the QD: s and how they are used for different situations.

    The paper describes the background to and the development of some current regulations for the storage of ammunition. Comparisons are made of different criteria used and how these criteria influence on QD: s and Field Distances for the Military Operational Theater.

    The paper gives special emphasis on work done within the NATO AC/326 Operational Safety Group and efforts made to reduce Field Distances in the interest of Operational Readiness.

  • 4892.
    Vretblad, Bengt
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    More Material for Better Protection2010In: Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Design and Analysis of Protective Structures 10th ~ 12th May, 2010, Singapore: DSTA , 2010, p. 2-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the protection of key installations, fortification measures may not be sufficient by themselves. A dedicated aggressor may be able to destroy any installation given the right expertise, the right equipment and adequate time. For this reason, the protection design should not be based upon constructions only but on the totality of active and passive measures integrated into a system comprising as well resources from the social society like police, rescue forces, and military. With an abundance of resources from the social society the requirements for fortification measures may by downplayed - with limited support from the social society around the installation, the fortification measures must be more comprehensive.

    Looking at the protection as a system with different passive and active components the efficient use of the combination of these puts requirements not only on the components by themselves but also on the integration and coordination of them.

    To this end, the management of the protection is integral putting emphasis on how the critical information for successful protection is generated, distributed, analysed and used. Studies in Sweden have identified key issues for the handling of information for the protection management for key installations based upon the site-specific situations.

    Findings for protective measures for key installations exposed to extraordinary situations are presented in the paper.  

  • 4893.
    Vretblad, Bengt E
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Combined Blast and Fragment Effects in the New Swedish Design Manual for Protective Construction, FKR2011In: ISIEMS 14, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4894.
    Vretblad, Bengt
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Johnsson, Fredrik
    SWEDEC.
    Tool for Clearance of Shaped Charge Ammunition Designed for Military Usefulness2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Evaluation and assessment of weapons and weapon systems should be based upon military usefulness. The military usefulness should, similarly, be a basis for the assessment of procedures and processes used for military activities. Even advanced systems may fail when meeting military usefulness criteria.

    The wide use of light anti-tank weapons, such as rocket propelled grenades and the scattering of sub-munitions in different conflict areas have made the clearance of shaped charge ammunition a frequent task. However, unlike other hazards, for shaped charges scientifically based procedures for the design and establishment of protective measures do not exist. Procedures applied in the field are more often than not based upon ad hoc solutions.

     

    To close the gap and find adequate methods for clearance of shaped charge ammunition, a tool has been developed at NDC to meet criteria from military usefulness and adopted to the prevalent operational conditions applicable to military missions, in particular:

     

        *   Complexity should be low bearing in mind the expertise available in the field.

        *   The time factor is essential both from strictly military aspects and from economic point of view.

        *   Information access. Data needed may be obscured or lacking.

        *   Simple construction that may be used with locally available material and equipment.

    In addition to meeting the criteria for military usefulness, such a tool should address the different effects from shaped charges e.g. blast and fragments and – in particular - effects from the jet generated.

     

    The principles for the tool are described in the paper. Of particular interest is the influence of the stand-off distance for the risk reducing methods.

     

    The risks from different effects at different distances and in different directions are analyzed and discussed. In particular, the slug from the jet is shown to be decisive for the hazardous area when protective measures are inadequate.

  • 4895.
    Vretblad, Bengt
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Kuylenstierna, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Protection of Key Installations2008In: Stockholm Contributions in Military-Technology 2007 / [ed] Martin Norsell, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan , 2008, p. 255-261Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4896.
    Vretblad, Bengt
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Nilsson, Claes
    Best Practise and Regulations: Do We Need More Manuals or Less?2008In: DDESB Seminar Proceedings, Palm Springs, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4897.
    Värnqvist, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Reflexiv kontroll: evig metod som systematiserats?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The desire to influence ones opponent without using violence, has probably existed in all times. Reflexive control is a method used historically without the user knowing about the concept, but through research during the 1900s, theories from psychology, behavioral science and cybernetics entered into the military application of modern influence operations.

    Reflexive control builds upon the fact that a stimulated organism responds with a reflex. Which, in the context of the essay, means that a controller transfers prepared information to a partner or a counterpart to bring him to single-handedly take one of the controller intended decision. This is expressed either by methods used intuitively by an intelligent user or systematically by a controller with knowledge and resources, creating a situation which voluntarily brings or forces the other part to make decisions as the controller wants for its own use. The methods are based on knowledge of the other part's self-image. A self-image that can be individual, for example, a president, or a group, such as a state leadership. The reflex may contain of a decision or of an action that are not well considered but that benefits the controller. The controller then exploits the new situation created by its preparations that may have been on going for a long time.

    The essay describes some of the methods that has been used by the Soviet Union and later integrated into the Russian warfare.

    The essay askes the questions; Can Bismarck's actions in 1870 and Russia's actions in the Georgia conflict in 2008 be explained by the theory of reflexive control? Is there a difference? If it is - how is the difference expressed?

    Yes, both cases reflect reflexive control. The differences between them are explained by the evolution from intuitive actions into systematic use.

  • 4898.
    Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, The Norwegian Defence Univeristy College, Norway.
    Berntsen, Tor Arne S.
    Norwegian Command and Staff College, Norwegian Defence University College, Norway.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Avstand og nærhet som militæretisk utfordring2018In: Necesse, ISSN 2464-353X, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 95-103Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4899.
    Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Sjøforsvaret, Norge.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Å ta liv: Erfaringer fra Afghanistan2017In: Michael, ISSN 1504-0658, Vol. 14, p. 54-59Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4900. Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Espevik, Roar
    Ars vitam tollendi: kunsten å slå i hjel2013In: Pacem : militært tidsskrift for etisk og teologisk refleksjon, ISSN 1500-2322, E-ISSN 1503-2116, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 5-26Article in journal (Refereed)
9596979899100101 4851 - 4900 of 5402
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