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  • 451.
    Bogg, Jonas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Amerikanska armén under operation Desert Storm och tillämpningen av manöverkrigföring2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 452.
    Bohlin, Christer
    Swedish Defence University.
    Försvarsviljan i Sverige 1963-20092016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The defence will in Sweden 1963-2009

    One country population’s will to defend itself is discussed in this survey. How has the defence will changed since the 1960’s up till today, and why it is that way? Earlier researches show that Sweden has a population who is willing to defend their country, even if the number of the ones willing changes year to year. This survey will try to describe the defence will in Sweden over the years, and what it is that affects the defence will.

    The main question is: How can the changes in the Swedish defence will from 1963 to 2009 be explained form the yearly public surveys made by ‘Styrelsen för psykologiskt försvar’ (The Board of Psychological Defence)?

    The survey will be conducted using a quantitative method where tables and charts will be constructed using data made by SPF) yearly public surveys. The prominent researcher Gertie Elsässer wrote a doctoral dissertation in 1987 where she made a comparison between the population’s will to defend their country and the population’s belief in the future. This hypothesis will be tested in this survey regarding the period from 1975 to 2009, as well as a comparison between the population’s defence will and their belief in the future and how it correlates. The survey’s results suggest that the population’s belief in the future and their willingness to defend their country is not always correlating. The willingness to defend ones country can be altered with an increase of the population’s confidence in the defence.

  • 453.
    Bohlin, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kompisar i kabinen: Hur uppfattas stress i flygutbildningen på Flygskolan2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På 1970-talet genomfördes stora förändringar i den svenska flygutbildningen. Från att ha haft en miljö där stress och rädsla användes som en motivator och katalysator för den rutinmässiga utgallringen, övergick man till en miljö med fokus på eleven och en minimal stressnivå för att få en optimal inlärning. Genom de omvälvande attitydförändringarna nåddes därigenom drastiska resultat och andelen avskilda gick ner från en topp på 79 % i slutet på 60-talet till 8 % i början på 80-talet. Den andelen fortsatte att sjunka till ungefär 4 % där den ligger idag.

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att få mer kunskap om vilken stress eleverna på Grundläggande Flygförarutbildningen (GFU) på Flygskolan utsätts för och hur väl lärarnas bild av denna stress stämmer överens med elevernas. För att ta reda på det genomförde jag intervjuer med två lärare och fyra elever på GFU-division med frågor kopplade till stress, stressreaktioner och coping (stresshanteringsmetodik) i flygutbildningens kontext.

    Resultatet visar att trots betydande individuella skillnader upplever de flesta elever stress åtminstone under delar av flygutbildningen, vissa mer, andra mindre. Vad som ligger till grund för denna stress är i huvudsak de prestationskrav eleverna sätter på sig själva, att de vill göra bra ifrån sig på passen, de vill "

    kunna allt direkt". Emellertid erbjuder skolan goda verktyg för coping, både genom organisatoriska lösningar och genom möjligheter och råd för individuella åtgärder.

    Efter att ha jämfört lärarnas bild av elevernas stress med deras egen anser jag att de båda stämmer väl överens. Det finns en medvetenhet om och en känsla för den anspänning som eleverna upplever i flygutbildningen och vad som ska göras för att hålla den på en så bra nivå som möjligt.

  • 454.
    Bohlin, Johan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Public Rationality in War: A comparative case study of  Elite Cue theory and success-focused event-response theory2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 455.
    Bohlin, Sinikka
    et al.
    Föreningen Norden.
    Sundelius, Bengt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Från nordiska solidaritetslöften till gemensam samhällssäkerhet2014In: Nordisk Tidskrift för vetenskap, konst och industri, ISSN 0029-1501, no 4, p. 421-424Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 456.
    Bohm, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Logistikledning vid svenska internationella insatser2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper has been to verify or falsify following hypothesis:Swedish logistic command and control of their units in international operationscan be done similar independent of the operation UN or NATO as leadorganization. This was done with help of the rationalistic organization theory.In this paper following questions will be answered.- At what way will possibly differences in UN respectively NATOlogistic command and control principles have affect at Swedish logisticcommand and control?- In what extent will today’s legal document rule the Swedish ArmedForces shaping at logistic command and control when participating atinternational operations?Finally there will be a concept analysis of “logistic command and control” byanswering the question: What is logistic command and control?

  • 457.
    Bohman, Johan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Sensorer i brownout2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a helicopter is in brownout the crew looses references to the world outside which could decrease the spatial awareness. If the crew does not know the accurate position of the helicopter it can lead to damage on both equipment and crew when landing. This report examined, on a general level, how sensors within the electromagnetic spectrum could contribute with information to the spatial awareness. The report found that the sensors need to be adaptable due to the widely varying characteristics of the dustcloud. The sensors were able to generate an image of the landingsite prior to brownout. Radar was best suited to updating the image when brownout had occurred, whereas the electro-optical sensors are highly attenuated by the dust cloud. However, the electro-optical sensors generated an image of the environment corresponding to the eye's interpretation of the same surrounding, something that a radar has greater difficulty with accomplishing.

  • 458.
    Bohman, Viking
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Syria: a state of imbalance and war: A case study of the civil war in Syria2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper attempts to answer the question of why the war in Syria has been particularly long and violent. To do this, it draws upon the explanatory value of Benjamin Miller’s theory of regional war and peace (2007). The main claim here is that state weakness, a mismatch be- tween state boundaries and national identities, and great power competition in the area can explain why the war has been particularly long and violent. The study concludes that the fol- lowing major factors and their interacting effects have had a major role in protracting and ex- acerbating the war: weak Syrian nationalism; extreme Islamism; weakness of the Syrian state; competition between the West and Russia; and to a lesser extent, Kurdish presence and acts of relative disengagement by the United States. 

  • 459.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Leiden University, The Netherlands.
    Bossong, Raphael
    Europe University Viadrina, Frankfurt, Germany.
    Brazova, Vera-Karin
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland.
    Di Camillo, Federica
    Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), Italy.
    Coste, Frédéric
    Dorussen, Han
    Department of Government, University of Essex, UK.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Fanoulis, Evangelos
    Department of Government, University of Essex, UK.
    Hegemann, Hendrik
    University of Hamburg, Germany.
    Hellenberg, Timo
    Hellenberg International.
    Kesetovic, Zelimir
    Faculty of Security Studies, University of Belgrade, Serbia.
    Kirchner, Emil
    Department of Government, University of Essex, England.
    Kuipers, Sanneke
    Leiden University, The Netherlands.
    Marrone, Alessandro
    Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), Italy.
    Matczak, Piotr
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland.
    Nexon, Elisande
    Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique (FRS), Paris, France.
    Pettersson, Ylva
    Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Samardzija, Visnja
    Department for European Integration, Institute for Development and International Relations (IRMO), Croatia.
    Szalankiewicz, Dominika
    Swedish Defence University.
    Tessari, Paola
    Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), Italy.
    Ungaro, Alessandro R.
    Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), Italy.
    Visuri, Pekka
    National Defence University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Civil Security and the European Union: A Survey of European civil security systems and the role of the EU in building shared crisis management capacities2014Report (Other academic)
  • 460.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section. Department of Political Science, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Bynander, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Explaining Success and Failure in Crisis Coordination2015In: Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, ISSN 0435-3676, E-ISSN 1468-0459, Vol. 97, no 1, p. 123-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In virtually every assessment of responses to large-scale crises and disasters, coordination is identified as a critical failure factor. After the crisis, official committees and political opponents often characterize the early phases of the response as a ‘failure to coordinate.’ Not surprisingly, improved coordination quickly emerges as the prescribed solution. Coordination, then, is apparently both the problem and the solution. But the proposed solutions rarely solve the problem: coordination continues to mar most crises and disasters. In the absence of a shared body of knowledge on coordination, it is hard to formulate a normative framework that allows for systematic assessment of coordination in times of crisis. As coordination is widely perceived as an important function of crisis and disaster management, this absence undermines a fair and balanced assessment of crisis management performance. This paper seeks to address that void. We aim to develop a framework that explains both the failure and success of crisis coordination. We do this by exploring the relevant literature, reformulating what coordination is and distilling from research the factors that cause failure and success.

  • 461.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Crisisplan & Leiden University.
    Bynander, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Pintore, Giovanni
    CRS4 Visual Computing Group Pula(CA), Italy.
    Ganovelli, Fabio
    ISTI-CNR Pisa, Italy.
    Leventakis, George
    Center for Security Studies - KEMEA Athens, Greece.
    Ahmad, Alexandre
    DIGINEXT Toulouse, France.
    Balet, Olivier
    DIGINEXT Toulouse, France.
    Building an IT Platform for Strategic Crisis Management Preparation2014In: 10th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob), IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, p. 20-27Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the result of the work achieved in the frame of three successive European Projects, which aimed to build an innovative system to assist security managers in the crisis preparation, training and management phases. The iterative approach of the consortium is presented, as well as the results. A novel interactive and shared Common Operational Picture is proposed which has been validated by three large scale demonstrations. On-going and future work focusing on the security concepts and measures of building interiors is moreover presented.

  • 462.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Preparing for the World Risk Society: Towards a New Security Paradigm for the European Union2009In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 285-294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The world of crises and disasters is changing rapidly. We are witnessing new types of adversity. In addition, modern societies have become increasingly vulnerable to disruptions, new and old. This new world demands new types of responses, which nation states cannot produce alone. Nation states will have to cooperate to protect their citizens from these threats. This article investigates the role of the European Union in the development of new safety and security arrangements. It identifies conceptual building blocks for a new security paradigm and offers design principles that can facilitate a shared way of thinking and acting in the safety and security domain

  • 463.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS).
    Myrdal, Sara
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS).
    Rhinard, Mark
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Gränsöverskridande hot och den nya kommissionens roll2009In: Internationella studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 2, p. 36-46Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 464.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS).
    Myrdal, Sara
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS).
    Rhinard, Mark
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Preparing for Transboundary Threats: what Role for the Next European Commission?2009Report (Other academic)
  • 465.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Leiden universitet.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Utrikespolitiska institutet och Stockholms universitet.
    Making Sense of Sense-Making: The EU's Role in Collecting, Analysing, and Disseminating Information in Times of Crisis2014Report (Other academic)
  • 466.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Security in transition: towards a new paradigm for the European Union2008Report (Other academic)
  • 467.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Leiden universitet.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sensemaking in crises: what role for the EU?2014In: Crisis Rooms: Towards a global network? / [ed] Patryk Pawlak & Andrea Ricci, Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies , 2014, 1, p. 117-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 468.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS).
    Rhinard, Mark
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    The Study of Crisis Management2009In: The Routledge Handbook of Security Studies / [ed] Myriam Dunn Cavelty och Victor Mauer, London: Routledge , 2009, p. 452-462Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 469.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Leiden universitet.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet.
    The European Union as Crisis Manager: Patterns and Prospects2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 470.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Leiden universitet.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet.
    Transboundary Crisis Governance2014In: Handbook of Governance and Security / [ed] James Sperling, London: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd , 2014, 1, p. 556-586Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 471.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    McConnell, AllanHart, Paul 'tSwedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Governing After Crisis: The Politics Of Investigation, Accountability And Learning2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 472.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Managing Transboundary Crises: what Role for the European Union?2008In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 473.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Department of Political Science, Leiden University, The Netherlands; Public Administration Institute, Louisiana State University, USA.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Managing Transboundary Crises: The Emergence of European Union Capacity2014In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 131-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union (EU) has modest but promising capacities to assist member states overwhelmed by disaster through its Civil Protection Mechanism. The EU also routinely sends civil and military missions to hotspots outside EU territory. But these capacities do not suffice in the face of transboundary crises: threats that cross geographical and policy borders within the Union. Examples include epidemics, financial crises, floods, and cyber terrorism. Nation states cannot cope with these threats without international collaboration. In this article, we explore the EU's efforts to develop transboundary crisis management capacities. We describe these budding capacities, explain their policy origins, and explore their future potential.

  • 474.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    't Hart, Paul
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    McConnell, Allan
    Conclusions: the politics of crisis exploitation2008In: Governing after crisis: the politics of investigation, accountability and learning / [ed] Boin, Arjen och Mcconnell, Allan och 't Hart, Paul, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, p. 285-316Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 475.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Leiden University, The Netherlands..
    ´t Hart, Paul
    Utrecht School of Governance, and The Netherlands School of Government in The Hague, The Netherlands..
    Stern, Eric
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala Universitet, Sweden..
    Sundelius, Bengt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala Universitet, Sweden..
    The Politics of Crisis Management: Public Leadership under Pressure2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Crisis management has become a defining feature of contemporary governance. In times of crisis, communities and members of organizations expect their leaders to minimize the impact of the crisis at hand, while critics and bureaucratic competitors try to seize the moment to blame incumbent rulers and their policies. In this extreme environment, policy makers must somehow establish a sense of normality, and foster collective learning from the crisis experience. In this uniquely comprehensive analysis, the authors examine how leaders deal with the strategic challenges they face, the political risks and opportunities they encounter, the errors they make, the pitfalls they need to avoid, and the paths away from crisis they may pursue. This book is grounded in over a decade of collaborative, cross-national case study research, and offers an invaluable multidisciplinary perspective. This is an original and important contribution from experts in public policy and international security.

    • Offers the first comprehensive analysis of the special nature of political/public leadership in major crisis • Unique multidisciplinary perspective on crisis management • Grounded in over a decade of collaborative, cross-national in-depth case study research

  • 476.
    Boisvert, Marc-André
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Guinea: mines and government in mutual dependence2010In: New Routes, ISSN 1403-3755, E-ISSN 2000-8082, no 2, p. 29-31Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 477.
    Boisvert, Marc-André
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Sociological Perspectives on African Peace Support Operations2010Report (Other academic)
  • 478.
    Boldsen, Kristian
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Afghanistan 1978-1992: Avsaknaden av Galula2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The term counterinsurgency has received a lot of attention since 2001 and the U.S commitment in Afghanistan and Iraq. The U.S has conducted thorough developmental work since then and a new doctrine on counterinsurgency was presented in 2006. As early as 1964, the Frenchman David Galula issued a book on the subject, and there have existed theories on counterinsurgency ever since. The Soviet Union’s commitment in Afghanistan during the 1980s ended with the collapse of the Afghan communist regime. The will to win the conflict should have been present there, and in the same way that the U.S have capitalized on their experiences something ought to have been done to try to win the conflict during the 1980s. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the parties involved in the fight against the Afghan resistance acted in a way that resembles Galula’s theories on counterinsurgency. The conflict has been analyzed with Galulas theories on how to defeat an insurgency by both political and military means. The analysis has shown that the Soviet Union and the Afghan communist regime did not develop their way of handling the conflict in a way which is consistent with Galula’s theories. The primary political cause was that the regime put its trust in oppression in their attempts to discourage resistance sympathies. This approach resulted in an increase in support for the Afghan resistance rather than the support of the regime. Militarily, the lack of means to secure the regime’s political presence in new areas meant that the regime was unable to broaden its sphere of influence.

  • 479.
    Bolin, Oskar
    Swedish Defence University.
    Från text till eldstöt: En fallstudie om hur Försvarsmaktens värdegrund tillämpas i praktiken2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2000-talets första årtionde genomgick Försvarsmakten betydande förändringar och för att stärka organisationen i den processen har Försvarsmaktens värdegrund tagits fram. Framtagningen genomfördes tills stor del av konsultföretaget Bikupan genom omfattande intervju- och enkätmaterial med både Försvarsmaktspersonal och civilbefolkning som undersökningsgrupper.Nu, när Försvarsmaktens värdegrund borde kunna betraktas som implementerad är det aktuellt att undersöka hur värdegrunden tillämpas. I det här fallet riktas luppen mot första linjens chefer, plutoncheferna och därmed de officerare som i första hand praktiserar ledarskap och värderingar gentemot Försvarsmaktens soldater.Källmaterialet utgörs av intervjuer med plutonchefer vid Livbataljon, Livgardet. Materialet har analyserats utifrån teorier om professionalisering och new public management. Officerskårens anspråk på att utgöra en profession förutsätter en väl grundad yrkesetik såväl som högt förtroende för den professionella yrkesutövaren. New public management, vilket genomsyrat svensk förvaltning de senaste decennierna, präglas däremot av decentraliserad styrning, utformandet av policydokument och lågt förtroende för de statsanställda. En förtroendebrist som framförallt drabbar de som tidigare åtnjutit stor frihet i yrkesutövningen: de professionella.Slutsatserna omfattar att officerskåren finner etiska frågor både viktiga och intressanta men att man i första hand använder sitt ”sunda förnuft” istället för Försvarsmaktens värdegrund när man tar ställning i dessa frågor. Slutligen åberopas militär etik som ett område som verkar glömts bort när Försvarsmakten fastställde vilka värderingar som skall gälla inom organisationen.

  • 480. Bolund, B.
    et al.
    Johansson, I.
    Krave, G.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Centrum för folkhälsoforskning, Högskolan i Karlstad.
    Handlingsprogram för hälso- och sjukvårdslinjen: Del 1: Utgångspunkter, syfte och översikt1989Report (Other academic)
  • 481.
    Boman, Arvid
    Swedish Defence University.
    Avskräckning och förmåga: En jämförelse av försvarsmaktens avskräckningsstrategier mellan kalla kriget och idag2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish armed forces deterrent strategy today has a lot of similarities with the deterrent strategy applied by Sweden’s armed forces during the cold war era. However the resources, which constitutes the foundation on which the deterrent threats are based, differ a lot and have decreased severely since the 1960s.

     

    This paper compares the deterrence strategy applied by the Swedish armed forces from the 60s with the one today and examines similarities and differences in order to put a military perspective on Swedish deterrence strategies and shine a light on problems regarding the Swedish deterrence strategy and its limited resources.

     

    The result shows a lot of similarities within the deterrent threat issued by Sweden from the two eras and concludes that the biggest difference lies within the change towards a more collective actor deterrence. Which in turn constitutes a problem because it implicitly undermines Sweden’s military capability and doesn’t guarantee any kind of military support from another state, if attacked, what so ever.

  • 482.
    Bom-fritz, David
    Swedish Defence University.
    Clausewitz, Jomini och Starcraft II2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Clausewitz and Jomini are two big figures in the military science community. Their principles of the concentration of force are still prevalent today in the further development of principles. With this in mind there have been some studies where computer games have been used to improve military training.

    The study aims to study how the principles of war can lead to victory in the real-time strategy game Starcraft II. The purpose of this study to contribute to the body of scientific knowledge with using computer games to increase the understanding of the principles of war.

    The method used in this study is a quantitative content analysis to gather data for analysis in the SPSS-program.

    The results of the study were that all the use of principles that were chosen, with the exception of surprise, correlated with victory. It also showed that spatial ability leads to higher win probability, this find lowers the reliability of the study since it cannot prove to what extent this leads to victory.

    However, this result is not applicable in the physical world, it can only contribute to a theoretical understanding of the principles of war.

  • 483.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Department of Government, Uppsala University, Sweden; Center for Natural Disaster Science (CNDS), Sweden.
    Bottom-Up Organizing and Empowerment in Post-Disaster Work2016In: The 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC Davos 28 Aug - 01 Sep 2016: Panel on Community Resilience, 2016, p. 93-97Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 484.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Deliberative democratic versus difference democratic ideals in practice for dealing with background inequality: Insights from a participatory space in the wake of a disaster2018In: The 68th Political Studies Association (PSA) Annual International Conference in Cardiff, Wales.  25-28 March: Panel: Revisiting Difference Democracy: Identity, Diversity, and Inclusion in the 21st Century (PDD SG), 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on how democratic ideals are translated into practice with regard to dealing with background inequality between participants in participatory spaces. The paper draws on a tension between deliberative democracy and difference democracy. Although recent decades have seen a closing of the gap between these two streams of democratic theorizing, they could still be said to propose different methods for dealing with background inequality between participants. This paper builds on an ethnographic study of Rockaway Wildfire, a local branch of the wider Occupy Sandy network that emerged in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy in New York City in 2012, to organize politically with socio-economically marginalized communities struck by the storm, with the aim to empower them. Occupy activists held and practiced ideals best conceptualized as being part of a difference democratic theory whereas the residents instead questioned, challenged and resisted these methods, based on ideas adhering to a deliberative democratic reasoning. Through an analysis building on participatory observations, field observations and interviews, three theoretical problems are brought to light: the problem of situated marginalization beyond commonly acknowledged identity markers, the problem of variation in individual agency and the problem of intersectional positions.

  • 485.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Gender Mainstreaming of Disaster Risk Reduction: A Research Strategy for Exploring Challenges to Gender Equality2017In: Swedish Political Science Association (SWEPSA) Annual meeting in Karlstad, Sweden. 4-6 October, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article devises a road ahead for future studies of gender mainstreaming of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) processes. In comparison to other fields, DRR processes lag behind in implementing a gender perspective, despite decades of activism among practitioners, activists and researchers. More research is needed to understand why this is so, since there is only a handful studies focusing the issue and none that systematically explores this failure. In comparison, there is an abundance of research done on gender mainstreaming within other fields of practice. With help of this bulk of research, the article extends the limited research done on gender mainstreaming of DRR. Gender mainstreaming theory from other fields is used to identify relevant factors that may hinder effective gender mainstreaming of DRR, in order to devise a solid research strategy for more systematic research on the topic in the future.

  • 486.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Owning the Space: Challenges in Participatory Recovery after Hurricane Sandy2014In: The American Political Science Association (APSA) Annual Meeting in Washington DC, USA. August 28 - 31, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 487.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Politiskt producerade katastrofer drabbar världen2017In: Mänsklig säkerhet, article id 15 septemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 488.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Risker, kriser och katastrofer: vem drabbas och vems hörs?2016In: Mänsklig Säkerhet, no 2016-02-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 489.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Department of Government, Uppsala University.
    Vulnerability and Power: Social Justice Organizing in Rockaway, New York City, after Hurricane Sandy2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about disasters, vulnerability and power. With regards to social justice organizing a particular research problem guides the work, specifically that emancipatory projects are often initiated and steered by privileged actors who do not belong to the marginalized communities they wish to strengthen, yet the work is based on the belief that empowerment requires self-organizing from within. Through an ethnographic field study of social justice organizing in the wake of Hurricane Sandy in Rockaway, New York City, the thesis explores whether and how vulnerable groups were empowered within the Occupy Sandy network. It is a process study that traces outside activists attempts at empowering storm-affected residents over time, from the immediate relief phase to long-term organizing in the recovery phase. The activists aimed to put to practice three organizing ideals: inclusion, flexibility and horizontality, based on a belief that doing so would enhance empowerment. The analysis demonstrates that collaboration functioned better in the relief phase than in the long-term recovery phase. The same organizing ideals that seem to have created an empowering milieu for storm-affected residents in the relief phase became troublesome when relief turned to long-term recovery. The relief phase saw storm-affected people step up and take on leadership roles, whereas empowerment in the recovery phase was conditional on alignment with outside activists’ agendas. Internal tensions, conflicts and resistance from residents toward the outside organizers marked the recovery phase. It seems that length of collaborative projects is not the only factor for developing trust but so is complexity. The more complex the activities over which partners are to collaborate the less easy it is. Based on this we could further theorize that the more complex the work is the more challenging it is for privileged groups to give away control. The internal struggles of the organization partially explain the failures to influence an urban planning process that the organization attempted to impact, which connects the micro-processes with broader change processes toward transformation of vulnerability.

  • 490.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för krishantering och internationell samverkan.
    Why Gender Does Not Stick: Exploring Conceptual Logics in Global Disaster Risk Reduction Policy2019In: Climate Hazards, Disasters, and Gender Ramifications / [ed] Kinnvall, Catarina & Rydstrom, Helle, London: Routledge, 2019, 1st, p. 88-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter is an analysis of the Sendai Framework for action; the central policy document in the global field of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). Since this Framework sets the agenda for the wider field of DRR practice across the globe, it is important to scrutinise for anyone interested in problems of gender-based disaster inequality. The Sendai Framework acknowledges issues of gender inequality yet, as discussed in this chapter, does so in a rather limited and somewhat problematic way. To understand the shortcomings the analysis makes use of Carol Bacchi’s “What’s the Problem Represented to Be?” (WPR) approach to policy analysis. With help of this analytical tool,  two conceptual logics are identified in the Framework that prevent full incorporation of a gender perspective. Firstly, a relief logic assumes a temporality of acuteness and prescribes male-dominated professional domains as experts. This makes a political analysis of gender inequality unintelligible. The relief logic also renders silent political solutions to alter gender inequalities. Secondly, a techno-managerial logic proposes technical and managerial solutions to problems of disaster risk. This rewrites solutions to structural inequalities as problems that can be solved technologically and managerially – in contrast to the types of political solutions needed to alter gender inequalities.

  • 491.
    Boqvist, Mary
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Psykologiska operationer: utvecklingen efter operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom massmedierna kan hela samhällen bli influerade. Med tanke på medieteknikutvecklingen så har det varit intressant att ta reda på om medietekniken har bidragit till utvecklingen av psyops användande. Med medieperspektivet som bakgrund har uppsatsen svarat på om det första informationskriget, Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, har följts upp med ännu mer användande av psyops.

    Med slutsatser så som att psyops har fått en mer framträdande roll i krigföringen och att förändringarna kan härledas till medieteknikutvecklingen kan också frågeställningen besvaras.

    Slutsatsen är att Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm har följts upp med ännu mer användande av psyops. Med medietekniken som bakgrund är denna en av anledningarna till att psyops utvecklats men också vice versa.

    För att besvara dessa frågor har en faktainhämtning gjorts på området för att sedan kunna jämföra de olika operationernas mål, medel och metoder.

  • 492.
    Boqvist, Robin
    Swedish National Defence College.
    XM982 Excalibur: användbar i krig och konflikter?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar precisionsgranaten XM982 Excalibur. Syftet med arbetet var att öka kunskapen inom Försvarsmakten avseende Excalibur inför ett nyttjande av granaten i krig och konflikter.

    Syftet var också att definiera faktorer som är viktiga att tänka på vid nyttjandet av Excalibur i krig och konflikter.

    Frågeställning jag ställde upp för detta arbete är: Hur kan XM982 Excalibur användas i krig och konflikter?

    För att kunna svara på frågeställningen så besvarades tre olika delfrågor.

    De tre delfrågorna är:

    • Vilka tekniska och taktiska faktorer framkommer genom information från industrin?
    • Vilka tekniska och taktiska faktorer framkommer genom information från Försvarsmakten?
    • Vilka faktorer framkommer genom information från nyttjandet av Excalibur av USA i Irak?  
    • Metoden som användes var litteraturstudier samt intervjuer av personer som arbetat med utveckling av granaten. Varje frågeställning avslutas med en diskussion där de olika faktorerna som framkommit diskuteras. Efter att ha diskuterat de tre olika frågorna avslutas arbetet med en sammanfattande diskussion.

    I resultaten från avhandlingen framkom att Excalibur är en väldigt teknisk artillerigranat med mycket bra egenskaper för att kunna underlätta för markförbanden, främst i strid i urban terräng.

  • 493.
    Borgersen, Hanne C.
    et al.
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Hystad, Sigurd W.
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Eid, Jarle
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Authentic Leadership and Safety Climate Among Seafarers2014In: Journal of leadership & organizational studies, ISSN 1548-0518, E-ISSN 1939-7089, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 394-402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined relationships between authentic leadership and safety climateamong 463 seafarers sailing on 23 merchant vessels in the international shipping industry. A multiple regression analysis was performed, where authentic leadership made a statistically significant contribution to explaining variance in safety climate, controlling for age, rank on board, and social desirable responding. Adding an interaction between authentic leadership and rank on board (officers vs. crew) to the multiple regression analysis did not add to the amount of explained variance (R 2 = .38). Implications for leadership training and safety in shipping are discussed.

  • 494.
    Borgström, Amanda
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Implementering av UNSCR 1325 i Liberia: Identifiering av problem vid implementeringen för en ökad kvinnlig politisk representation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to determine what obstacles that exists in Liberia for the implementation of UNSCR 1325, with a focus on increasing female participation in decision making at the national levels. A qualitative text analysis was made, based on reports from the years 2010-2013. The result presented the obstacles which were highlighted in the reports. These has been women’s lack of financial resources, education, spare time and safety. Another problem is the traditional view of gender roles and the deep-rooted patriarchal society. There is a lack of gender awareness among decision makers, inadequate infrastructure and technical solutions in rural areas. Furthermore the exclusion of women from the political sphere by political parties and voters and the absent legislation regarding quotation have been obstacles for the implementation of UNSCR 1325. Women's organizations are also struggling to get out from their identity as guardians of the peace to keep being relevant during this later stages of the rebuilding of Liberia. The country has suffered a decline for the interest and the commitment for women´s issues and at the same time the women organizations has stopped working as active and organized as before. Additionally the competition for funding has limited the women´s organizations autonomy. Moreover, there exists a gap between the local grassroots organizations, decision-making levels and international parties. These obstacles presented in the result of this thesis is put in the context to general problems which has been highlighted in previous studies and has also been related to the general difficulties regarding policy implementation.

  • 495.
    Borkhus, Jostein
    Swedish National Defence College.
    High Power Microwave - fremtidens luftvern/luftforsvar?2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    High Power Microwave-weapons (HPM-weapons) represent a future weapons system with the ability toneutralize and destroy enemy capabilities, though without a direct loss of lives. Therefore, furtherstudies of HPM-weapons and their capacities could be relevant and interesting to The Swedish ArmedForces.The purpose of this research paper is to investigate whether or not HPM-weapons have a future in theSwedish Defence Forces. The aim is to develop a theoretical and technical foundation in order toinvestigate HPM-weapons in a developed scenario. The research paper has a strong connection to thedevelopment and implementation of the Swedish Network Based Defence (NBF) programme. Theconducted analysis is based on three fundamental capabilities; affect, protect, and command and control(C2). The research paper investigates the foundation of development and implementation of HPMweaponsin the Air Defense (AD) role in support of army units.The main conclusions indicate that there are strong arguments to move forward the development andimplementation of HPM-weapons in the Swedish Armed Forces. As both an offensive and a defensivecapability, HPM-weapons could be essential in the Swedish Network Based Defense programme. At thesame time, technological and physical limitations do exist, and it is therefore not likely that HPMweaponsalone can replace and take over the role of conventional AD-systems of today. The optimalsolution seems to consist of a mix of HPM-weapons and conventional AD-systems (cannon/rocket).Nevertheless, it is important that future weapons systems are fully integrated in the Network BasedDefense concept, and can counter a wide threat spectrum.

  • 496.
    Borneklint, Lennart
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Svenska amfibieförband - förmåga att genomföra internationella amfibieoperationer2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, our supreme military commanders declare that the Swedish ArmedForces main ability is the capacity to conduct armed combat. At the same timethey also declare that the Swedish main fighting units should be able to do soboth nationally and internationally. In this matters I will in this essay analysethe Swedish Navy in general and the Swedish Amphibious Corps in particular.Does the Swedish Amphibious Corps have the ability to conduct aninternational amphibious operation in war where armed combat is in focus?The theory of William S Lind in Maneuver Warfare Handbook (Lind’s theory)has had a central part in this essay. Lind’s theory has been used as a theorylink to answer the questions. After having tried to falsify Lind’s theory, histheory has been used as an analysis tool in the examination of the abilities inthe Swedish Navy in general and the Swedish Amphibious Corps in particular.The method that had been used is a qualitative text analysis in an iterativeprocess with a hermeneutic working process and the problem formulation haschanged over time at the rate with witch it has been analysed as to what isempirically possible to answer.The material has in general consisted of doctrines, military strategic writs,lectures and earlier essays with a strong connection to this essay.My final conclusions are that the Swedish Navy/Amphibious Corps has alacking ability to conduct an international amphibious operation in war wherearmed combat is in focus. The main missing abilities are:1. Being able to command/be commanded in an international amphibiousoperation on account of lacking a command and control system that iscompatible with NATO.2. Being able to conduct tactical air transportations on account of lackingair transportation resources.3. Being able to conduct tactical land transportations on account oflacking armoured vehicle resources.4. Being able to engage ground targets from the sea on account of lackinga weapon system that can suppress land targets from the sea and air.5. Being able to conduct service support of all participating units in anamphibious operation on account of lacking suitable logistic platforms(larger ships).Last but not least, the Swedish Navy has not the ability to conduct larger trooptransportations at sea.

  • 497.
    Borres, Adam
    Swedish National Defence College. University of Defense, Tjeckien.
    Logistics in enemy territory2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background of this study comes from the lack of documentation and knowledge about logistics in units, which has the main focus on combat or reconnaissance. The aims of the thesis is to determine and compare the different methods used to provide logistical support to units operating in enemy territory by Sweden and the Czech Republic in todays convention and asymmetric wars.Method of gathering information is through qualitative interviews using a semi-structured interview technique with both Swedish and Czech officers. The topics of the interviews are defined beforehand on an interview template and are based on the Swedish basic view of logistics. The three logistical branches that are covered are; service, movement and healthcare support. The result shows that Sweden and the Czech Republic have largely the same methods in all three branches. Sweden has one method in both service and healthcare support, which the Czech Republic does not have. For service support the method is a “forward operating place” which is similar to a forward operating base but only smaller and within the enemies territory. With healthcare support Sweden has small competent medicalgroups further out in enemy territory.The conclusion is that although Sweden and the Czech Republic have mostly the same logistical methods in supporting units in enemy territory they sometimes use them differently. The Swedish armed forces have a more evolved system for logistical support in enemy territory, which is a consequence of the cold war and the Swedish decision of not joining NATO, according to the author.

  • 498.
    Borén, Stefan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    "Vårt förhållande till främmande makt är gott" - en studie av hur ledande svensk dagspress speglar svensk utrikes- och säkerhetspolitisk debatt:  2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad har hänt i den offentliga debatten kring svensk utrikes- och säkerhetspolitik? Utifrån teorin ommassmedias betydelse för offentlig debatt, textgranskas kommentarer och debattartiklar och intervjuasföreträdare för massmedia för att få svaret på detta. Avsikten är att presentera vad och hur svensk politiskdagspress väljer att debattera svensk utrikes- och säkerhetspolitik samt varför just detta innehåll debatteras.Undersökningen visar att massmedia vill vara med och sätta den säkerhetspolitiska dagordningen, menatt detta inte är enkelt inom detta traditionstyngda politikområde. Den svenska säkerhetspolitiska debattendomineras helt och hållet av frågorna kring Sveriges neutralitet och alliansfrihet, där det råder en mycketuttrycklig historisk motsättning mellan opinion och regeringsparti. En slutsats är att den politiska oenighetenom Sveriges framtida säkerhetspolitik är bestående och så länge ingenting påtagligt inträffar som förändrardenna situation, så kommer media få svårt att dra i gång en diskussion som på allvar engagerar beslutsfattareoch medborgare.

  • 499.
    Boskou, Stamatia
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Keeping a Low Profile: Greek Strategic Culture and International Military Operations2016In: European Participation in International Operations: The Role of Strategic Culture / [ed] Britz, Malena, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 77-99Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 500.
    Boström, Christoffer
    Swedish Defence University.
    Stridsfordon 90: Hur utvecklingen har inverkat på dess förmåga2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As tasks have changed for units the equipment may need to be modified to cope with the new requirements. The changes made to the equipment affect its abilities in different directions and extent. In this paper, the development of strf 90 from 9040A to 9040C has been examined and then conclusions have been made about how the vehicles abilities have been affected. The paper shows that the development has increased the ability primarily in effect where aiming system and armament was upgraded and protection where the vehicle has been enhanced with among other things additional protection outside. This has also affected the mobility and durability in a negative direction, mainly because of the increased weight and restrictions on freedom of movement and usability.

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