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  • 451.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Security in transition: towards a new paradigm for the European Union2008Report (Other academic)
  • 452.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Leiden universitet.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sensemaking in crises: what role for the EU?2014In: Crisis Rooms: Towards a global network? / [ed] Patryk Pawlak & Andrea Ricci, Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies , 2014, 1, p. 117-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 453.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS).
    Rhinard, Mark
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    The Study of Crisis Management2009In: The Routledge Handbook of Security Studies / [ed] Myriam Dunn Cavelty och Victor Mauer, London: Routledge , 2009, p. 452-462Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 454.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Leiden universitet.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet.
    The European Union as Crisis Manager: Patterns and Prospects2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 455.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Leiden universitet.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet.
    Transboundary Crisis Governance2014In: Handbook of Governance and Security / [ed] James Sperling, London: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd , 2014, 1, p. 556-586Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 456.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    McConnell, AllanHart, Paul 'tSwedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Governing After Crisis: The Politics Of Investigation, Accountability And Learning2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 457.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Managing Transboundary Crises: what Role for the European Union?2008In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 458. Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Managing Transboundary Crises: The Emergence of European Union Capacity2014In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 131-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union (EU) has modest but promising capacities to assist member states overwhelmed by disaster through its Civil Protection Mechanism. The EU also routinely sends civil and military missions to hotspots outside EU territory. But these capacities do not suffice in the face of transboundary crises: threats that cross geographical and policy borders within the Union. Examples include epidemics, financial crises, floods, and cyber terrorism. Nation states cannot cope with these threats without international collaboration. In this article, we explore the EU's efforts to develop transboundary crisis management capacities. We describe these budding capacities, explain their policy origins, and explore their future potential.

  • 459.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    't Hart, Paul
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    McConnell, Allan
    Conclusions: the politics of crisis exploitation2008In: Governing after crisis: the politics of investigation, accountability and learning / [ed] Boin, Arjen och Mcconnell, Allan och 't Hart, Paul, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, p. 285-316Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 460.
    Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Leiden University, The Netherlands..
    ´t Hart, Paul
    Utrecht School of Governance, and The Netherlands School of Government in The Hague, The Netherlands..
    Stern, Eric
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala Universitet, Sweden..
    Sundelius, Bengt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala Universitet, Sweden..
    The Politics of Crisis Management: Public Leadership under Pressure2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Crisis management has become a defining feature of contemporary governance. In times of crisis, communities and members of organizations expect their leaders to minimize the impact of the crisis at hand, while critics and bureaucratic competitors try to seize the moment to blame incumbent rulers and their policies. In this extreme environment, policy makers must somehow establish a sense of normality, and foster collective learning from the crisis experience. In this uniquely comprehensive analysis, the authors examine how leaders deal with the strategic challenges they face, the political risks and opportunities they encounter, the errors they make, the pitfalls they need to avoid, and the paths away from crisis they may pursue. This book is grounded in over a decade of collaborative, cross-national case study research, and offers an invaluable multidisciplinary perspective. This is an original and important contribution from experts in public policy and international security.

    • Offers the first comprehensive analysis of the special nature of political/public leadership in major crisis • Unique multidisciplinary perspective on crisis management • Grounded in over a decade of collaborative, cross-national in-depth case study research

  • 461.
    Boisvert, Marc-André
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Guinea: mines and government in mutual dependence2010In: New Routes, ISSN 1403-3755, E-ISSN 2000-8082, no 2, p. 29-31Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 462.
    Boisvert, Marc-André
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Sociological Perspectives on African Peace Support Operations2010Report (Other academic)
  • 463.
    Boldsen, Kristian
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Afghanistan 1978-1992: Avsaknaden av Galula2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The term counterinsurgency has received a lot of attention since 2001 and the U.S commitment in Afghanistan and Iraq. The U.S has conducted thorough developmental work since then and a new doctrine on counterinsurgency was presented in 2006. As early as 1964, the Frenchman David Galula issued a book on the subject, and there have existed theories on counterinsurgency ever since. The Soviet Union’s commitment in Afghanistan during the 1980s ended with the collapse of the Afghan communist regime. The will to win the conflict should have been present there, and in the same way that the U.S have capitalized on their experiences something ought to have been done to try to win the conflict during the 1980s. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the parties involved in the fight against the Afghan resistance acted in a way that resembles Galula’s theories on counterinsurgency. The conflict has been analyzed with Galulas theories on how to defeat an insurgency by both political and military means. The analysis has shown that the Soviet Union and the Afghan communist regime did not develop their way of handling the conflict in a way which is consistent with Galula’s theories. The primary political cause was that the regime put its trust in oppression in their attempts to discourage resistance sympathies. This approach resulted in an increase in support for the Afghan resistance rather than the support of the regime. Militarily, the lack of means to secure the regime’s political presence in new areas meant that the regime was unable to broaden its sphere of influence.

  • 464.
    Bolin, Oskar
    Swedish Defence University.
    Från text till eldstöt: En fallstudie om hur Försvarsmaktens värdegrund tillämpas i praktiken2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2000-talets första årtionde genomgick Försvarsmakten betydande förändringar och för att stärka organisationen i den processen har Försvarsmaktens värdegrund tagits fram. Framtagningen genomfördes tills stor del av konsultföretaget Bikupan genom omfattande intervju- och enkätmaterial med både Försvarsmaktspersonal och civilbefolkning som undersökningsgrupper.Nu, när Försvarsmaktens värdegrund borde kunna betraktas som implementerad är det aktuellt att undersöka hur värdegrunden tillämpas. I det här fallet riktas luppen mot första linjens chefer, plutoncheferna och därmed de officerare som i första hand praktiserar ledarskap och värderingar gentemot Försvarsmaktens soldater.Källmaterialet utgörs av intervjuer med plutonchefer vid Livbataljon, Livgardet. Materialet har analyserats utifrån teorier om professionalisering och new public management. Officerskårens anspråk på att utgöra en profession förutsätter en väl grundad yrkesetik såväl som högt förtroende för den professionella yrkesutövaren. New public management, vilket genomsyrat svensk förvaltning de senaste decennierna, präglas däremot av decentraliserad styrning, utformandet av policydokument och lågt förtroende för de statsanställda. En förtroendebrist som framförallt drabbar de som tidigare åtnjutit stor frihet i yrkesutövningen: de professionella.Slutsatserna omfattar att officerskåren finner etiska frågor både viktiga och intressanta men att man i första hand använder sitt ”sunda förnuft” istället för Försvarsmaktens värdegrund när man tar ställning i dessa frågor. Slutligen åberopas militär etik som ett område som verkar glömts bort när Försvarsmakten fastställde vilka värderingar som skall gälla inom organisationen.

  • 465. Bolund, B.
    et al.
    Johansson, I.
    Krave, G.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Centrum för folkhälsoforskning, Högskolan i Karlstad.
    Handlingsprogram för hälso- och sjukvårdslinjen: Del 1: Utgångspunkter, syfte och översikt1989Report (Other academic)
  • 466.
    Boman, Arvid
    Swedish Defence University.
    Avskräckning och förmåga: En jämförelse av försvarsmaktens avskräckningsstrategier mellan kalla kriget och idag2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish armed forces deterrent strategy today has a lot of similarities with the deterrent strategy applied by Sweden’s armed forces during the cold war era. However the resources, which constitutes the foundation on which the deterrent threats are based, differ a lot and have decreased severely since the 1960s.

     

    This paper compares the deterrence strategy applied by the Swedish armed forces from the 60s with the one today and examines similarities and differences in order to put a military perspective on Swedish deterrence strategies and shine a light on problems regarding the Swedish deterrence strategy and its limited resources.

     

    The result shows a lot of similarities within the deterrent threat issued by Sweden from the two eras and concludes that the biggest difference lies within the change towards a more collective actor deterrence. Which in turn constitutes a problem because it implicitly undermines Sweden’s military capability and doesn’t guarantee any kind of military support from another state, if attacked, what so ever.

  • 467.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Department of Government, Uppsala University, Sweden; Center for Natural Disaster Science (CNDS), Sweden.
    Bottom-Up Organizing and Empowerment in Post-Disaster Work2016In: The 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC Davos 28 Aug - 01 Sep 2016: Panel on Community Resilience, 2016, p. 93-97Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 468.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Deliberative democratic versus difference democratic ideals in practice for dealing with background inequality: Insights from a participatory space in the wake of a disaster2018In: The 68th Political Studies Association (PSA) Annual International Conference in Cardiff, Wales.  25-28 March: Panel: Revisiting Difference Democracy: Identity, Diversity, and Inclusion in the 21st Century (PDD SG), 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on how democratic ideals are translated into practice with regard to dealing with background inequality between participants in participatory spaces. The paper draws on a tension between deliberative democracy and difference democracy. Although recent decades have seen a closing of the gap between these two streams of democratic theorizing, they could still be said to propose different methods for dealing with background inequality between participants. This paper builds on an ethnographic study of Rockaway Wildfire, a local branch of the wider Occupy Sandy network that emerged in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy in New York City in 2012, to organize politically with socio-economically marginalized communities struck by the storm, with the aim to empower them. Occupy activists held and practiced ideals best conceptualized as being part of a difference democratic theory whereas the residents instead questioned, challenged and resisted these methods, based on ideas adhering to a deliberative democratic reasoning. Through an analysis building on participatory observations, field observations and interviews, three theoretical problems are brought to light: the problem of situated marginalization beyond commonly acknowledged identity markers, the problem of variation in individual agency and the problem of intersectional positions.

  • 469.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Gender Mainstreaming of Disaster Risk Reduction: A Research Strategy for Exploring Challenges to Gender Equality2017In: Swedish Political Science Association (SWEPSA) Annual meeting in Karlstad, Sweden. 4-6 October, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article devises a road ahead for future studies of gender mainstreaming of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) processes. In comparison to other fields, DRR processes lag behind in implementing a gender perspective, despite decades of activism among practitioners, activists and researchers. More research is needed to understand why this is so, since there is only a handful studies focusing the issue and none that systematically explores this failure. In comparison, there is an abundance of research done on gender mainstreaming within other fields of practice. With help of this bulk of research, the article extends the limited research done on gender mainstreaming of DRR. Gender mainstreaming theory from other fields is used to identify relevant factors that may hinder effective gender mainstreaming of DRR, in order to devise a solid research strategy for more systematic research on the topic in the future.

  • 470.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Owning the Space: Challenges in Participatory Recovery after Hurricane Sandy2014In: The American Political Science Association (APSA) Annual Meeting in Washington DC, USA. August 28 - 31, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 471.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Politiskt producerade katastrofer drabbar världen2017In: Mänsklig säkerhet, article id 15 septemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 472.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Risker, kriser och katastrofer: vem drabbas och vems hörs?2016In: Mänsklig Säkerhet, no 2016-02-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 473.
    Bondesson, Sara
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Department of Government, Uppsala University.
    Vulnerability and Power: Social Justice Organizing in Rockaway, New York City, after Hurricane Sandy2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about disasters, vulnerability and power. With regards to social justice organizing a particular research problem guides the work, specifically that emancipatory projects are often initiated and steered by privileged actors who do not belong to the marginalized communities they wish to strengthen, yet the work is based on the belief that empowerment requires self-organizing from within. Through an ethnographic field study of social justice organizing in the wake of Hurricane Sandy in Rockaway, New York City, the thesis explores whether and how vulnerable groups were empowered within the Occupy Sandy network. It is a process study that traces outside activists attempts at empowering storm-affected residents over time, from the immediate relief phase to long-term organizing in the recovery phase. The activists aimed to put to practice three organizing ideals: inclusion, flexibility and horizontality, based on a belief that doing so would enhance empowerment. The analysis demonstrates that collaboration functioned better in the relief phase than in the long-term recovery phase. The same organizing ideals that seem to have created an empowering milieu for storm-affected residents in the relief phase became troublesome when relief turned to long-term recovery. The relief phase saw storm-affected people step up and take on leadership roles, whereas empowerment in the recovery phase was conditional on alignment with outside activists’ agendas. Internal tensions, conflicts and resistance from residents toward the outside organizers marked the recovery phase. It seems that length of collaborative projects is not the only factor for developing trust but so is complexity. The more complex the activities over which partners are to collaborate the less easy it is. Based on this we could further theorize that the more complex the work is the more challenging it is for privileged groups to give away control. The internal struggles of the organization partially explain the failures to influence an urban planning process that the organization attempted to impact, which connects the micro-processes with broader change processes toward transformation of vulnerability.

  • 474.
    Boqvist, Mary
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Psykologiska operationer: utvecklingen efter operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom massmedierna kan hela samhällen bli influerade. Med tanke på medieteknikutvecklingen så har det varit intressant att ta reda på om medietekniken har bidragit till utvecklingen av psyops användande. Med medieperspektivet som bakgrund har uppsatsen svarat på om det första informationskriget, Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, har följts upp med ännu mer användande av psyops.

    Med slutsatser så som att psyops har fått en mer framträdande roll i krigföringen och att förändringarna kan härledas till medieteknikutvecklingen kan också frågeställningen besvaras.

    Slutsatsen är att Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm har följts upp med ännu mer användande av psyops. Med medietekniken som bakgrund är denna en av anledningarna till att psyops utvecklats men också vice versa.

    För att besvara dessa frågor har en faktainhämtning gjorts på området för att sedan kunna jämföra de olika operationernas mål, medel och metoder.

  • 475.
    Boqvist, Robin
    Swedish National Defence College.
    XM982 Excalibur: användbar i krig och konflikter?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar precisionsgranaten XM982 Excalibur. Syftet med arbetet var att öka kunskapen inom Försvarsmakten avseende Excalibur inför ett nyttjande av granaten i krig och konflikter.

    Syftet var också att definiera faktorer som är viktiga att tänka på vid nyttjandet av Excalibur i krig och konflikter.

    Frågeställning jag ställde upp för detta arbete är: Hur kan XM982 Excalibur användas i krig och konflikter?

    För att kunna svara på frågeställningen så besvarades tre olika delfrågor.

    De tre delfrågorna är:

    • Vilka tekniska och taktiska faktorer framkommer genom information från industrin?
    • Vilka tekniska och taktiska faktorer framkommer genom information från Försvarsmakten?
    • Vilka faktorer framkommer genom information från nyttjandet av Excalibur av USA i Irak?  
    • Metoden som användes var litteraturstudier samt intervjuer av personer som arbetat med utveckling av granaten. Varje frågeställning avslutas med en diskussion där de olika faktorerna som framkommit diskuteras. Efter att ha diskuterat de tre olika frågorna avslutas arbetet med en sammanfattande diskussion.

    I resultaten från avhandlingen framkom att Excalibur är en väldigt teknisk artillerigranat med mycket bra egenskaper för att kunna underlätta för markförbanden, främst i strid i urban terräng.

  • 476.
    Borgersen, Hanne C.
    et al.
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Hystad, Sigurd W.
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Eid, Jarle
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Authentic Leadership and Safety Climate Among Seafarers2014In: Journal of leadership & organizational studies, ISSN 1548-0518, E-ISSN 1939-7089, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 394-402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined relationships between authentic leadership and safety climateamong 463 seafarers sailing on 23 merchant vessels in the international shipping industry. A multiple regression analysis was performed, where authentic leadership made a statistically significant contribution to explaining variance in safety climate, controlling for age, rank on board, and social desirable responding. Adding an interaction between authentic leadership and rank on board (officers vs. crew) to the multiple regression analysis did not add to the amount of explained variance (R 2 = .38). Implications for leadership training and safety in shipping are discussed.

  • 477.
    Borgström, Amanda
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Implementering av UNSCR 1325 i Liberia: Identifiering av problem vid implementeringen för en ökad kvinnlig politisk representation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to determine what obstacles that exists in Liberia for the implementation of UNSCR 1325, with a focus on increasing female participation in decision making at the national levels. A qualitative text analysis was made, based on reports from the years 2010-2013. The result presented the obstacles which were highlighted in the reports. These has been women’s lack of financial resources, education, spare time and safety. Another problem is the traditional view of gender roles and the deep-rooted patriarchal society. There is a lack of gender awareness among decision makers, inadequate infrastructure and technical solutions in rural areas. Furthermore the exclusion of women from the political sphere by political parties and voters and the absent legislation regarding quotation have been obstacles for the implementation of UNSCR 1325. Women's organizations are also struggling to get out from their identity as guardians of the peace to keep being relevant during this later stages of the rebuilding of Liberia. The country has suffered a decline for the interest and the commitment for women´s issues and at the same time the women organizations has stopped working as active and organized as before. Additionally the competition for funding has limited the women´s organizations autonomy. Moreover, there exists a gap between the local grassroots organizations, decision-making levels and international parties. These obstacles presented in the result of this thesis is put in the context to general problems which has been highlighted in previous studies and has also been related to the general difficulties regarding policy implementation.

  • 478.
    Borkhus, Jostein
    Swedish National Defence College.
    High Power Microwave - fremtidens luftvern/luftforsvar?2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    High Power Microwave-weapons (HPM-weapons) represent a future weapons system with the ability toneutralize and destroy enemy capabilities, though without a direct loss of lives. Therefore, furtherstudies of HPM-weapons and their capacities could be relevant and interesting to The Swedish ArmedForces.The purpose of this research paper is to investigate whether or not HPM-weapons have a future in theSwedish Defence Forces. The aim is to develop a theoretical and technical foundation in order toinvestigate HPM-weapons in a developed scenario. The research paper has a strong connection to thedevelopment and implementation of the Swedish Network Based Defence (NBF) programme. Theconducted analysis is based on three fundamental capabilities; affect, protect, and command and control(C2). The research paper investigates the foundation of development and implementation of HPMweaponsin the Air Defense (AD) role in support of army units.The main conclusions indicate that there are strong arguments to move forward the development andimplementation of HPM-weapons in the Swedish Armed Forces. As both an offensive and a defensivecapability, HPM-weapons could be essential in the Swedish Network Based Defense programme. At thesame time, technological and physical limitations do exist, and it is therefore not likely that HPMweaponsalone can replace and take over the role of conventional AD-systems of today. The optimalsolution seems to consist of a mix of HPM-weapons and conventional AD-systems (cannon/rocket).Nevertheless, it is important that future weapons systems are fully integrated in the Network BasedDefense concept, and can counter a wide threat spectrum.

  • 479.
    Borneklint, Lennart
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Svenska amfibieförband - förmåga att genomföra internationella amfibieoperationer2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, our supreme military commanders declare that the Swedish ArmedForces main ability is the capacity to conduct armed combat. At the same timethey also declare that the Swedish main fighting units should be able to do soboth nationally and internationally. In this matters I will in this essay analysethe Swedish Navy in general and the Swedish Amphibious Corps in particular.Does the Swedish Amphibious Corps have the ability to conduct aninternational amphibious operation in war where armed combat is in focus?The theory of William S Lind in Maneuver Warfare Handbook (Lind’s theory)has had a central part in this essay. Lind’s theory has been used as a theorylink to answer the questions. After having tried to falsify Lind’s theory, histheory has been used as an analysis tool in the examination of the abilities inthe Swedish Navy in general and the Swedish Amphibious Corps in particular.The method that had been used is a qualitative text analysis in an iterativeprocess with a hermeneutic working process and the problem formulation haschanged over time at the rate with witch it has been analysed as to what isempirically possible to answer.The material has in general consisted of doctrines, military strategic writs,lectures and earlier essays with a strong connection to this essay.My final conclusions are that the Swedish Navy/Amphibious Corps has alacking ability to conduct an international amphibious operation in war wherearmed combat is in focus. The main missing abilities are:1. Being able to command/be commanded in an international amphibiousoperation on account of lacking a command and control system that iscompatible with NATO.2. Being able to conduct tactical air transportations on account of lackingair transportation resources.3. Being able to conduct tactical land transportations on account oflacking armoured vehicle resources.4. Being able to engage ground targets from the sea on account of lackinga weapon system that can suppress land targets from the sea and air.5. Being able to conduct service support of all participating units in anamphibious operation on account of lacking suitable logistic platforms(larger ships).Last but not least, the Swedish Navy has not the ability to conduct larger trooptransportations at sea.

  • 480.
    Borres, Adam
    Swedish National Defence College. University of Defense, Tjeckien.
    Logistics in enemy territory2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background of this study comes from the lack of documentation and knowledge about logistics in units, which has the main focus on combat or reconnaissance. The aims of the thesis is to determine and compare the different methods used to provide logistical support to units operating in enemy territory by Sweden and the Czech Republic in todays convention and asymmetric wars.Method of gathering information is through qualitative interviews using a semi-structured interview technique with both Swedish and Czech officers. The topics of the interviews are defined beforehand on an interview template and are based on the Swedish basic view of logistics. The three logistical branches that are covered are; service, movement and healthcare support. The result shows that Sweden and the Czech Republic have largely the same methods in all three branches. Sweden has one method in both service and healthcare support, which the Czech Republic does not have. For service support the method is a “forward operating place” which is similar to a forward operating base but only smaller and within the enemies territory. With healthcare support Sweden has small competent medicalgroups further out in enemy territory.The conclusion is that although Sweden and the Czech Republic have mostly the same logistical methods in supporting units in enemy territory they sometimes use them differently. The Swedish armed forces have a more evolved system for logistical support in enemy territory, which is a consequence of the cold war and the Swedish decision of not joining NATO, according to the author.

  • 481.
    Borén, Stefan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    "Vårt förhållande till främmande makt är gott" - en studie av hur ledande svensk dagspress speglar svensk utrikes- och säkerhetspolitisk debatt:  2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad har hänt i den offentliga debatten kring svensk utrikes- och säkerhetspolitik? Utifrån teorin ommassmedias betydelse för offentlig debatt, textgranskas kommentarer och debattartiklar och intervjuasföreträdare för massmedia för att få svaret på detta. Avsikten är att presentera vad och hur svensk politiskdagspress väljer att debattera svensk utrikes- och säkerhetspolitik samt varför just detta innehåll debatteras.Undersökningen visar att massmedia vill vara med och sätta den säkerhetspolitiska dagordningen, menatt detta inte är enkelt inom detta traditionstyngda politikområde. Den svenska säkerhetspolitiska debattendomineras helt och hållet av frågorna kring Sveriges neutralitet och alliansfrihet, där det råder en mycketuttrycklig historisk motsättning mellan opinion och regeringsparti. En slutsats är att den politiska oenighetenom Sveriges framtida säkerhetspolitik är bestående och så länge ingenting påtagligt inträffar som förändrardenna situation, så kommer media få svårt att dra i gång en diskussion som på allvar engagerar beslutsfattareoch medborgare.

  • 482.
    Boskou, Stamatia
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Keeping a Low Profile: Greek Strategic Culture and International Military Operations2016In: European Participation in International Operations: The Role of Strategic Culture / [ed] Britz, Malena, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 77-99Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 483.
    Boström, Christoffer
    Swedish Defence University.
    Stridsfordon 90: Hur utvecklingen har inverkat på dess förmåga2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As tasks have changed for units the equipment may need to be modified to cope with the new requirements. The changes made to the equipment affect its abilities in different directions and extent. In this paper, the development of strf 90 from 9040A to 9040C has been examined and then conclusions have been made about how the vehicles abilities have been affected. The paper shows that the development has increased the ability primarily in effect where aiming system and armament was upgraded and protection where the vehicle has been enhanced with among other things additional protection outside. This has also affected the mobility and durability in a negative direction, mainly because of the increased weight and restrictions on freedom of movement and usability.

  • 484. Boström, I.
    et al.
    Hall-Lord, M-L.
    Larsson, Gerry
    The Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland.
    Wilde, B.
    Nursing theory based changes of work organisation in an ICU: Effects on quality of care1992In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 10-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 485. Boström, I
    et al.
    Hall-Lord, M-L
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wilde, Bodil
    Organisationsförändring vid IVA baserad på omvårdnadsteori: Effekter på vårdkvalitet1992Report (Other academic)
  • 486.
    Boudrie, Klas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ansvars- och säkerhetskultur i Flygvapnet2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Flight operations are by nature challenging, complex and full of risks. With this comes large responsibility. The purpose of this study is to create a deeper understanding of responsibility and safety culture of the Swedish Air Force. For the issue to be analysed the author sets the following questions: What is the responsibility and safety culture like in the Swedish Air Force? What is manifested in the written rules and policies? How is it maintained and reproduced by the members? The theoretical approach in this paper is the institutional theory and a socio-cultural perspective. The empirical part consists of interviews, the air operation manual and the training syllabus for basic flying training. To answer the questions a qualitative method is used and the empirical part is analysed using the theoretical perspective. The study shows that responsibility and safety culture in the Swedish Air Force is well rooted. Responsibility culture is based on well-developed formal regulations, strong traditions formed during long time and influential education and pedagogy. An important part of the responsibility culture is how to take care of experiences through a system of disruption notifications. This is based on transparency which is why sanctions do not appear. The attributes of the members are: self-esteem, high motivation, seriousness and a well-developed ethics.

  • 487.
    Bouvin, Rebecca
    Swedish Defence University.
    Storbritannien om EU-medlemskap, hot och säkerhetisering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 488.
    Bovét, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Att tänka annorlunda: Samtidens dynamiska lärandemiljöer utgår från ett förändrat sätt att tänka och förstå ledarskap2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Theories on knowledge development, adaptation and innovation have connections to transforma-tional leadership and recent military research on contemporary warfare. The thesis explores the learning environment, and describes the behavioural changes that supports and fosters dynamic thinking and adaptive problem-solving in a military organization. In a survey, two groups of lead-ers conceptions of the Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF) prerequisites where compiled and com-pared. The survey consisted of quantitative and qualitative methods. The results indicated leader-ship challenges within SwAF.

  • 489.
    Bovét, Peter
    Swedish Defence University.
    Svensk Krigarkultur – En samexisterande subkultur i Försvarsmakten?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study seeks to clarify a cultural change in the armed forces (FM). The study is based on the hypothesis that repeated operations in war-like environment, where the FM sends professional combat units, develop a warrior culture. The empirical results indicate that there is an existing warrior culture at all three units surveyed.

    The subculture is verified by the constants of western warrior culture described in theory. The cultural change leads to ethical / moral and leadership challenges for FM.

  • 490.
    Boyle, Johan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Tröskelutmaningar i en gråzonskontext2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Utgångspunkten för detta arbete är problematiken kring trovärdigheten i att verka avskräckande mot gråzonshot, med en tröskel som dimensionerats mot konventionella militära angrepp under kalla kriget. Sverige utgör studiens problemställning och fallstudien utgörs av Ukrainas tröskel och avskräckningsstrategi gentemot Rysslands angrepp och annektering av Krimhalvön 2014. Slutsatserna från fallstudien kommer att analyseras utgående från den svenska kontexten som reglerar den svenska tröskeln. Detta i syfte att identifiera vilka teoretiska förutsättningar för hur en tröskel bör konstitueras utifrån om dess syfte är att verka avhållande mot gråzonsproblematik.

    Studien konstaterar att en tröskel som är uppbyggd och dimensionerad mot ett konventionellt väpnat angrepp inte fyller sin funktion mot en motståndare som opererar okonventionellt inom flera samhällsdomäner utöver den militära. Detta på grund av att tröskeln inte är trovärdig i sin uppbyggnad och komposition av relevanta och kapabla förmågor som behövs för att avskräcka samt skydda sig mot gråzonshot. Tröskelns trovärdighet inom en gråzonskontext är avhängd på, utöver ovanstående, att den är väl samordnat och mandatskraftigt bemyndigad inom ramen för ett totalförsvar, och bör innefatta både militärt och civila kapabla förmågor. Utan denna brygga mellan civila och militära resurser öppnas det sårbarheter i skyddet och avskräckningen, där en gråzonsmotståndare sannolikt väljer att operera inom.

  • 491.
    Boyle, Johan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vilseledning: Med bluffen som vapen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most efficient countermeasures towards deception is awareness and knowledge that in fact deception is being performed. Hence, if the general level of knowledge within the main population of Sweden would be higher, it would probably hamper the effects of a deception operation if the population anticipated it. In order to counter deception, awareness that one could be encountered to deception and analyze the incoming information accordingly is a major protection. Furthermore in combination with mental awareness the counterdeception actions need to be managed from a central Swedish national level and well-coordinated between authorities within the governmental structures. This is in order to fully cover the wide spectra of channels of information that probably will be used within deception operations toward Sweden.

    The primary objective within a deception plan is to manipulate a human mind, not the technical sensors or systems.  Therefor the reasonable best way of counteract deception should lie within preparing the human mind. But paradoxological, the more aware one´s mind is regarding deception, the more one´s mind will discover deception.

  • 492.
    Bragstedt, Jesper
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Behovet av indirekt eld och CAS vid militära operationer i bergsterräng2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to examine the need for indirect fire and Close Air Support of military operations in mountainous terrain, highlighting the aspects that affect the use of Swedish armed forces units and their technical systems in the mountain environment. To answer the purpose of this paper the following question was asked: How did U.S. forces use the basic capacity of effect to the opponent during Operation Anaconda? A case study and text analysis has been used as a scientific method and technique for this thesis. Initially texts about Operation Anaconda were studied on how the operation was carried out. Then Swedish doctrines and regulations relating to theories of basic abilities and the effect achieved in the battle were studied. Finally, the writer analyzed how the U.S. used the basic capacity of effect during Operation Anaconda, with an emphasis on indirect fire and close air support. The main conclusions are that the battle is carried out in three dimensions with indirect fire, direct fire and mines. All are essential to achieved effect in the battle. If one dimension diminishes the other dimensions should increase by more elements.

  • 493.
    Braim Abdalla, Hogir
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Allianspolitik i en stat med stat-till-nation obalans: ”Turkiets politik gentemot Kurdistanregionen i Irak och det kurdiska självstyret i Syrien”2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alliansbildningsbeteende är ett viktigt och intressant ämne inom internationell politik och i internationella relationer.  Enligt den traditionella maktbalansteorin allierar sig stater med andra stater för att balansera mot externa hot. I Steven R. Davids ”omnibalancing-teori” hävdas däremot att statsledare i tredjevärlden allierar sig med stater för att bekämpa interna hot. I föreliggande examensarbete, som är en fallstudie, är ambitionen att visa att turkiska republikens relation med Kurdistanregionen i Irak är ett fall av ”omnibalancering” såtillvida att Turkiet därigenom söker hålla den kurdiska rörelsen på hemmaplan i schack. Därför står Turkiet emot ett kurdiskt självstyre i Västra Kurdistan, syriska Kurdistan (Rojava), som har ideologiska kopplingar till den kurdiska rörelsen i turkiska Kurdistan (Norra Kurdistan). Med hänsyn till andra faktorer i relationer mellan stater (t ex i Turkiets relation till Södra Kurdistan) kan man uppmärksamma ekonomi- och energifrågorna. Vidare visar resultaten av fallstudier att etniska problem som ett internt hot påverkar statens utrikespolitik och alliansbeteende.

  • 494.
    Brandow, Carina
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Johansson, Eva
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Gustafson, Michael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Irreguljär krigföring: Ledarskapsutmaningar vid olika taktiktyper2014Report (Other academic)
  • 495.
    Brandow, Carina
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Sohlberg, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Försvarsmaktens syn på sin förankring i samhället2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett antal faktorer som Försvarsmaktens (FM) volymminskning, värnpliktens vilande och avsaknaden av en mera akut nationell hotbild, har lett till att försvarets förankring i samhället inte är lika självklar som tidigare. Detta kan bland annat ge negativa effekter på FM personalförsörjning liksom på förståelsen i samhället för FM verksamhet och i förlängningen befolkningens stöd för verksamheten. Syftet med denna studie var att hos företrädare för FM högre nivåer kartlägga uppfattningar av vad som är viktiga faktorer för förankringen i samhället. I rapporten redovisas informanternas uppfattningar om bland annat allmänhetens syn på FM, om relationen mellan FM och den politiska nivån samt politikernas respektive FM ansvar för myndighetens förankring i samhället. Rapporten lämnar förslag på åtgärder som FM kan göra för att positivt förbättra förankringen. Inom projektet har det tidigare tagits fram en forskningsöversikt och gjorts en intervjustudie med informanter från näringsliv, andra myndigheter, lokala politiker och politiska ungdomsförbund.

  • 496.
    Brandt, Gustav
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Counter IED: Är den svenska försvarsmakten anpassad för internationellt arbete? En fallstudie av den svenska försvarsmakten2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces have transformed from being mainly a national defence force to becoming a mission-based force, capable of being deployed within and outside the Swedish border. Currently, the Swedish Armed Forces are operating internationally, with several other nationalities. It has therefore become important for the Armed Forces to be capable of operating with other nations. Since the beginning of 2002, the Swedish Armed Forces has been operating in Afghanistan and experienced the changes in the level of IED-threat and has been forced to adapt to it. How far has this adaptation come, with focus on training and instructions? There is a goal stated, but do the necessary qualities exist? In this paper I will compare the goal, NATO STANAG 2294 and AJP 3.15, with the instructionsand the demands on training that the Swedish Armed Forces has developed.

  • 497.
    Brandt, Niklas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Defensiv operationsdesign: SPLs möjligheter och begränsningar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En central stabsprodukt i Svensk planerings- och ledningsmetod (SPL) är operationsdesign. Den traditionella operationsdesignen har kritiserats för sin linjäritet, stelbenthet och positiva progression och därmed ansetts mindre lämplig för operationer med defensiv inriktning eller stor osäkerhet. SPL, med målsättningen att vara en allomfattande planeringsmetod, har därför i 2017 års version bland annat tillförts ytterligare tre typer av operationsdesign.

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur SPLs typer av operationsdesign omhändertar tre defensiva operationsplaner från 1979. Undersökningen sker genom att en kvalitativ textanalys leder fram till efterhandskonstruktioner av planernas operationsdesigner. Denna följs av en kvalitativ innehållsanalys för att se hur dessa operationsdesigner omhändertar försvararens möjlighet att avgöra, undvika ett avgörande samt dennes behov av flexibilitet.

    Resultatet visar att alla designtyper fungerar väl när ett avgörande söks men sämre när ett avgörande försöker undvikas. Behovet av flexibilitet omhändertas bäst i den dynamiska designtypen och någorlunda väl i den traditionella. Båda har dock svårigheter i övergången till det militära slutläget om ambitionen i målsättningarna sänks. De två designtyperna tematisk och mixad, som främst är ämnade för mycket osäkra situationer, omhändertar däremot dåligt de planer som undersökts då mycket av den operativa inriktningen går förlorad.

    Sammantaget visar undersökningen att genom tillförsel av de nya designtyperna är SPL en bit på vägen mot en allomfattande planeringsmetod, men svårigheten att applicera stabsverktyget operationsdesign på defensiva operationer är ännu inte helt löst.

  • 498.
    Brandt, Niklas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vad gör alla soldater hela dagarna?: En studie av yrkesroller för GSS/K vid ett arméregemente2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2010, full-time soldiers and NCOs were implemented as a new service category in the Swedish Armed Forces. The purpose was to fulfil the 2009 government white paper with requirements of immediately accessible, usable and flexible force. Five years later, with 5800 active soldiers and NCOs the focus for the armed forces has shifted towards deterrence and national defence. Consequently the need for active soldiers and NCOs in international deployments is declining.

    This paper examines the professional role of soldiers and NCOs at Life Regiments Hussars during 2015. With the support of H.J. Leavitt´s system theoretical model for organisational transformation, the effects of implementing the new category is analysed. The results show that an overwhelming majority of the soldiers and NCOs are experiencing that they operate within an operational oriented role, just in line with the government’s original intension. At the same time soldiers and NCOs are successively assigned an increasing responsibility within the support and instructor role. The NCOs uses one third of their working hours in other roles than the operational oriented. There are also individual soldiers who work full-time in an administration-, support- or instructing role.

    Furthermore the results show that Swedish Armed Forces protocols contain few limitations for soldiers and NCOs to operate outside the operational oriented role. Even the largest limitation, the organisational structure, with requirements expressed in category and rank, has recently seen an adjustment towards a wider professional role for soldiers and NCO. Despite these developments, sixty percent of the soldiers and NCOs in the study, replies that there are even more areas were soldiers and NCOs can overtake tasks from commissioned officers.

  • 499.
    Branta, Heidi
    et al.
    Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Jacobson, Tina
    Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Professional pride and dignity?: A Classic Grounded Theory study among social workers2017In: Quality of Life and Quality of Working Life / [ed] A.A Vilas Boas, INTECH, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social workers working with individuals, who are vulnerable and in need of help in different situations, face great demands. They need to be able to respond to people with different kind of needs, yet at the same time handle organizational requirements. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to contribute to an increased understanding of the phenomenon of job satisfaction, its meaning for professionals in the field of social work, and what affects job satisfaction. The study was performed in accordance with classic grounded theory, and all data were collected through three semistructural interviews. The results of the study generated a theoretical model that illustrates how the phenomenon of “work satisfaction” can be understood and reached through a process of balancing, maintaining, and recreating professional pride and dignity in the field of social work. The discussion ends with suggestions for further studies, methodological discussion, and proposals for practical implications.

  • 500.
    Braw, Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Att kriga om folket2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att jämföra amerikansk och fransk doktrin för counterinsurgency för att utröna vilka skillnader och likheter som finns mellan dessa. Ämnet har valts av anledningen av att försvarsmakter med liknande doktriner når en högre grad av effektivitet under insatser, och att Sverige militärt samarbetar med båda USA och Frankrike i internationella insatser. Uppsatsen visar att amerikansk och fransk counterinsurgency-doktrin i stort är mycket lika, men att vissa skillnader i exempelvis behandling av civilbefolkningen i insatsområdet finns.

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