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  • 4351.
    Åberg, Alexander
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Neutralitet under kallt krig: En jämförande studie om alliansfriheten, västsamarbete och flygoperativa förberedelser, med tonvikt på åren 1949-19692010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden found itself in an era when World War II was still fresh in memory. Geographically the country is centrally located between two superpowers, and there is a tense atmosphere in the international community. The Swedish air space has a high strategic importance. By using Neutrality and one of the world's strongest air force Sweden is trying to stay out of armed conflicts. To be neutral has been Sweden official political statement for almost 200 years, not least during two world wars. At the same time Sweden has made the analysis that reinforcements has to be acquired if the country finds itself being invaded. Sweden struggle with the dilemma between maintaining neutrality and a dependence on the West. This paper is a comparative literature study based on a government inquiry and independent researchers. This paper aims to illustrate how the gray area in this very complex security dilemma can be interpreted. The main questions are these: What are the similarities and differences between scientists and SOU 1994:11 in terms of their approach and conclusions? How can one understand and interpret the border area between the flight preparation and non-alignment? With the help of the theoretical models "deterrence and confidence-building measurements" and "integration and independent" this papers illustrates the balancing act that Sweden had to accomplish in order to stay out of conflicts in the Cold War.

  • 4352.
    Åberg, Anton
    Swedish Defence University.
    Varifrån kommer den svenska marinens kunskap och erfarenheter om strid till sjöss?2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Varifrån kommer den svenska marinens kunskap och erfarenheter om strid till sjöss?

     

    ABSTRACT:

    A robust doctrine should consist of solid arguments and theory that explain the background in order to give more effect. The Swedish naval doctrine Doktrin för marina operationer (DMarinO) is based on knowledge and experience. The problem is that the doctrine does not mention where Sweden´s knowledge and experience from naval warfare originate. Since Sweden has not been to war in over 200 years it is hard to argue that all knowledge and experience originate from own naval warfare. The issue is whether national or international naval theory can be found in DMarinO.

     

    The thesis is based on the two naval theorists, Landquist and Hughes, who each assigned six variables representing their theory. The purpose of this thesis is to examine whether Landquist and Hughes´s naval theories is found in DMarinO and to increase understanding of naval theories connection to Sweden´s naval doctrine.

     

    The results show that both theories are reflected in DMarinO. Theory from Landquist can be found in a higher degree than theory from Hughes. Therefore it is possible that DMarinO could be influenced by both national and international naval theory, but more research is needed in order to confirm that.  

     

    Nyckelord:

    Landquist, Hughes, militärteori, sjömilitära teoretiker, marin doktrin, DMarinO

  • 4353.
    Åberg, Sofie
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Hur vi kan förstå riskbedömning på nationell nivå: En jämförande studie om Sveriges och Norges nationella riskbedömningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fenomenet med nationella riskbedömningar är relativt nytt i Europa. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap överlämnade den allra första nationella riskbedömningen till regeringen år 2013. Syftet i uppsatsen är att undersöka om man genom ett policy transfer-perspektiv på nationella riskbedömningar kan se några indikatorer som hindrar policy transfer inom riskområdet. En första, översiktlig undersökning görs genom att jämföra de risker man lyfter fram i sju europeiska nationella riskbedömningar för att se om man kan tyda något mönster. Uppsatsen tog avstamp ur antagandet att geografisk närhet och liknande interna förutsättningar kunde tänkas innebära att man även har en liknande syn på risker som länder i ens närområde. Storbritannien var ett av de första länderna att utveckla nationella riskbedömningar. En jämförande fallstudie görs mellan Sverige och Norge som fokuserar på helt olika risker, och för att kunna undersöka faktorer till detta ur ett policy-transfer perspektiv så analyseras om länderna har tagit lärdom och om det finns tecken på policy transfer inom riskområdet från Storbritannien. Resultatet visar att länderna använder sig av olika bedömningsprocesser, och kombinationen av teorin om policy transfer och lärande förklarar att det skett en policy transfer på olika nivåer, dock inte i avseendet vilka risker man har fokuserat på. 

  • 4354.
    Ådén, Anders
    Swedish Defence University.
    Nya principer - gamla krig: En teoriprövande ansats2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the dawn of military thinking, theorists have been trying to find the key to victory in armed conflict. theories of classic thinkers like Jomini and Carl von Clausewitz represented two positions in the debate regarding the principles of war as universally applicable rules for battle, or as a tool for planning not capable of fully overcoming the complex reality of war.

    In the wake of the first world war the principles of war as formulated by Fuller following his experiences of the war, found its way into doctrine. Naval theory on the principles of war developed under the influence of these thinkers through Alfred Mahan and Julian Corbett and is still found in naval doctrine. 

    The debate of the validity of the principles however, is still enduring. In a world of constant technological innovation and increasing complexity their relevance is questioned. Despite of this, modern theories on principles for warfare are still emerging from theorists like Geoffrey Till.

    The purpose of this study is to test the applicability of Till´s modern naval principles of war against historical battles, and thus, the timeless claim of the theory. 

    The study examines the theoretical reach of Till´stheory regarding principles of war, intended for naval warfare. This theory, much like its precursors, have adopted the Jominian school of thought, sharing the ambition of universal applicability. Geoffrey Tills Creating Decisive Victorywas tested against three historical cases of naval warfare. 

    The results of the study partially support the universal and timeless claim of Till´s theory by being represented, though not wholly, in every case. Additionally, the result indicates that the theory partially suffers from its modern design, impeding its timeless applicability. This claim, however, must be supported by further research.

     

  • 4355.
    Åhfelt, Roger
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Luftvärnet ett organisatoriskt dilemma: En jämförelse mellan svensk och norsk utveckling2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Luftvärnets organisationstillhörighet är en historiskt återkommande fråga där olika lösningar genom tiderna går att finna i Sverige såväl som internationellt. Den här uppsatsen avser att jämföra Sveriges och Norges olika val av tillhörighet för det markbaserade luftvärnet. Syftet är att bidra till förklaringen varför vi har olika organisatoriska lösningar och analysera huruvida det finns några incitament för att se över dagens organisation. Undersökningen har genomförts genom att studera Sveriges och Norges luftvärnsutveckling, med stöd av organisationsteori, för att finna bakomliggande faktorer för val av organisation.

    Jämförelsen påvisar flera skillnader i ländernas luftvärnsutveckling som kan ge förklaringskraft till organisationsvalet. Den mest utmärkande skillnaden avser prioriteringen av skyddsvärda objekt. I Norge har flygbaserna genom tiderna varit särskilt högt prioriterade medan Sverige prioriterat markstridsförbanden. Tidiga val av organisationsprincip syns ha bärighet över tiden.

    Dagens fortsatta bredd på uppgifter till trots av minimerade resurser gör att en tydligare prioritering av skyddsobjekt skulle kunna motivera en omvärdering av organisationstillhörighet. Historien påvisar dock att omfattande organisationsförändringar kan ge icke önskvärda effekter samt visa sig vara kortvarigt rationella. Det viktiga syns inte vara vilken organisation som väljs det viktiga är hur organisationen fungerar.

  • 4356.
    Åhström, Johan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Engagemang, motivation, handlingskraft: En fallstudie av samverkan mellan Länsstyrelsen och Försvarsmakten under skogbränderna i Gävleborgs län 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis considers conditions for collaboration between two actors during the extensive fire-fighting effort in the Gävleborg region (Sweden) in summer 2018. The main purpose of the study is to explore how Länsstyrelsen and Försvarsmakten respectively identify the conditions for collaboration, and to what extent this image responds to a defined ideal type of collaboration. Material is collected through interviews with professionals from Länsstyrelsen Gävleborg and Försvarsmakten, and the responses are analysed through selected parts of the theoretical framework presented in the model An Integrative Framework for Collaborative Governance, which as a sub-purpose of this thesis is applied, as well as evaluated in relation to, a case study of crisis management. The results of the study indicate that the conditions for successful collaboration between Länsstyrelsen and Försvarsmakten are perceived as mainly positive: The desire to collaborate and cooperate is by both actors expressed as high, trust between the actors is mutually defined as strong, and respective actor identifies and recognises the other’s contribution of valuable resources to the collected effort. However, the analysis also shows that there is room for improvement within the working processes in samverkansstaben, as well as within the actors’ communication. The evaluation of the application of the theoretical framework indicates conceivable difficulties in distinguishing between the model’s terms and elements, as well as their varying potential operationalization, yet it confirms that the theoretical framework is to a high degree applicable to this case study of crisis management.

  • 4357.
    Åhström, Johan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Engagemang, motivation, handlingskraft: En fallstudie av samverkan mellan Länsstyrelsen och Försvarsmakten under skogsbränderna i Gävleborgs län 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This thesis considers conditions for collaboration between two actors during the extensive fire-fighting effort in the Gävleborg region (Sweden) in summer 2018. The main purpose of the study is to explore how Länsstyrelsen and Försvarsmakten respectively identify the conditions for collaboration, and to what extent this image responds to a defined ideal type of collaboration. Material is collected through interviews with professionals from Länsstyrelsen Gävleborg and Försvarsmakten, and the responses are analysed through selected parts of the theoretical framework presented in the model An Integrative Framework for Collaborative Governance, which as a sub-purpose of this thesis is applied, as well as evaluated in relation to, a case study of crisis management. The results of the study indicate that the conditions for successful collaboration between Länsstyrelsen and Försvarsmakten are perceived as mainly positive: The desire to collaborate and cooperate is by both actors expressed as high, trust between the actors is mutually defined as strong, and respective actor identifies and recognises the other’s contribution of valuable resources to the collected effort. However, the analysis also shows that there is room for improvement within the working processes in samverkansstaben, as well as within the actors’ communication. The evaluation of the application of the theoretical framework indicates conceivable difficulties in distinguishing between the model’s terms and elements, as well as their varying potential operationalization, yet it confirms that the theoretical framework is to a high degree applicable to this case study of crisis management.

  • 4358.
    Åkerblom, Per
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kina och Ryssland - vänner eller fiender?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Current relations between China and Russia are characterised by mutual understanding and cooperation.The Sino-Russian Treaty (2001) can be seen as an expression of peace and stability,but also – considering the history of Sino-Russian relations – as an expression of power andglobal positioning. The question is – what are the driving forces behind the Sino-Russian rapprochement?Using game theory analysis, this essay identifies possible motives behind the partnershipin strategic, military, economic and external terms, from the viewpoint of the net benefitsof a bilateral partnership, compared with non-partnership. The results show that the motives canbe related to a common interest in creating a global balance of power, but can also be linked tothe mutual dependence between China and Russia, which makes close cooperation necessary.Furthermore, both China and Russia have grounds for reducing the risk of international isolation.The essay is a general illustration of the usefulness of game theory for the analysis of actors.

  • 4359.
    Åkergren, Oskar
    Swedish Defence University.
    En nations åverkan av en cyberattack: En fallstudie på cyberattacken mot Estland2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats beskrivs en fallstudie på överbelastningsattacken mot Estland 2007, där attackens skeden redovisas samt visar på vilka åtgärder som vidtogs för att stoppa attacken, samt på vilket sätt attacken drabbade Estlands befolkning. Därefter analyseras attacken med hjälp av Richard Stiennons teori, om cyberkrigets fyra pelare. Avslutningsvis diskuteras de två frågorna som rör; vilka möjligheter en nation har när det kommer till försvar mot cyberattacker samt vad som kan tänkas räknas som militära problem.  

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att visa på hur en nation drabbas, när den blir utsatt för en cyberattack och vilka handlingsåtgärder som är möjliga att vidta. Resultatet visar på att sättet Estland drabbades på, var att nationen var tvungen att isolera sig från det internationella internet, men att internet inom nationen kunde upprätthållas. Diskussionen mynnar ut i att en nation har mycket få handlingsmöjligheter till att försvara sig själv, när det kommer till cyberattacker från aktörer som inte är andra nationer. En viktig slutsats var att fallet Estland inte var ett militärt problem, utan kunde lösas helt civilt

  • 4360.
    Åkermark, Anders
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Tröskelförsvar: En jämförelse mellan svenska och finska förmågor2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att jämföra svenska och finska förmågor rörande ett tröskelförsvar. Tröskelförsvaret bygger på strategin om anti-access/area denial, översatt till tillträdesförsvar och kontrollbestridande försvar. Tillträdesförsvaret syftar till att hindra en överlägsen motståndare att få tillträde till ett operationsområde och kontrollbestridande försvar syftar till att förneka motståndaren kontroll över operationsområdet i händelse av en väpnad konflikt. Denna strategi diskuteras flitigt i den internationella debatten men då främst hur stormakter som USA med allierade bäst skall bemöta de förmågor som svagare nationer bygger upp, inte hur det kan byggas upp. Detta tröskelförsvar har i uppsatsen tillämpats på Östersjön i vilket svenska och finska förmågor analyserats mot de grundläggande förmågorna verkan, rörlighet och skydd. Jämförelsen visar att Sverige har en tyngdpunkt i tillträdesförsvaret baserat på förmågan att möta en motståndare tidigt med sin offensiva undervattensförmåga, smyganpassade korvetter och flygburen sjömålsrobot. De brister som finns i Sverige utgörs främst av avsaknad av långräckviddig markattackförmåga samt förmågor i det kontrollbestridande försvaret. Finland har å andra sidan sin tyngdpunkt i det kontrollbestri-dande försvaret då de alltjämt har förmåga till markbaserad långräckviddig sjömålsbekäm-pande förmåga samt ett defensivt undervattensvapen i form av sjöminförmåga. Detta är för-mågor som Sverige avvecklat sedan 2000-talets inledning. Finlands brister är i tillträdesför-svaret där den offensiva undervattensförmågan saknas helt samt det begränsade antal platt-formar som kan verka framskjutet mot sjömål. Uppsatsen visar också att indelningen av till-trädesförsvar och kontrollbestridande försvar är en bra modell för att analysera nationers försvarsförmågor.

  • 4361.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Book Review Essay: Transformative Learning through Globalization of World Politics: John Baylis, Steve Smith and Patricia Owens (eds) The Globalization of World Politics, 4th edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, 745 pp. ISBN 13-978-0-19-929777-12009In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 231-240Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4362.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Escalation, Emulation, and the Failure of Hybrid Warfare in Afghanistan2017In: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, ISSN 1057-610X, E-ISSN 1521-0731, Vol. 40, no 10, p. 838-856Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I argue that hybridization is a contingent result of the dynamics of some conflicts but not others. In particular, faced with opponents with great power, weaker powers seek a situation of asymmetry to gain victory. Drawing on within-case analysis of the conduct of war during the past thirty years in Afghanistan, I demonstrate that what we now consider to be "hybrid" represents an important continuity and strategic option in Afghan warfare. Still, the analysis also demonstrates that choosing "hybrid" has not been a strategy that has worked. Hezb-i-Islami's rather limited attempt for conventionalization of the war against the forces of Dostum and Massoud in 1992 failed and the Taliban's more far-reaching attempt for conventionalization has so far also failed to reap strategic success. This suggests that the threat of hybrid war is inflated.

  • 4363.
    Ångström, Jan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Evaluating Rivalling Interpretations of Asymmetric War and Warfare2011In: Conceptualizing Modern War / [ed] Karl-Erik Haug & Ole Jorgen Maao, New York: Columbia University Press, 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4364.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört). Uppsala universitet.
    Exploring the Strategic Logic of Withdrawal from Statebuilding Interventions: When is a State?2013In: New Agendas for Statebuilding: Hybridity, Contingency, and History / [ed] Robert Egnell & Peter Haldén, London: Routledge, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4365.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Försvarsmaktens internationella insatser: i den svenska säkerhetens eller identitetens tjänst?2015In: Svensk säkerhetspolitik i Europa och världen / [ed] Kjell Engelbrekt, Arita Holmberg & Jan Ångström, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2015, 2, p. 233-264Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4366.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy. Uppsala universitet.
    Försvarsmaktens internationella insatser: I den svenska säkerhetens eller identitetens tjänst?2010In: Svensk säkerhetspolitik i Europa och världen / [ed] Kjell Engelbrekt & Jan Ångström, Norstedts Juridik AB, 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4367.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Historien bakom misslyckade strategier för upprorsbekämpning: James S Corum: Bad Strategies: How Major Powers Fail in Counterinsurgency Zenith Press, 2008.2009In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 6, p. 131-133Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 4368.
    Ångström, Jan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ideas and Norms on Future War and Warfare2011In: Strategic Insights, ISSN 1938-1670, E-ISSN 1938-1670, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 36-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I will develop a slightly different approach that instead assumes that the future is path-dependent. This approach allows for a greater impact of agency and can be easily summed up as what happens in 2030 depends upon what we do in 2029, and what happens in 2029 depends upon what we do in 2028, and so on. Agency thus becomes crucial for shaping the future. Moreover, rather than focusing on actions, in this paper, I will primarily focus on norms. Norms change only gradually and slowly and are therefore a more promising baseline than current actions. Specifically, I will focus on norms of political order: about what it means to govern and be governed, how we understand the relationship between the public and private, and the concepts of civil and military. This paper is structured as follows. First, I will briefly discuss current patterns in war and warfare to evaluate whether or not there are trends that can be discerned. This part of the paper is based on the second approach and it serves a springboard to begin to think differently about the future. Throughout the paper, I will use the trends as a point of departure. Second, I will begin with a discussion on what we already know about the future. In doing so, I will critically engage with the NIC documents Global Trends 2025: A Transformed World and Tomorrow’s Security Challenges: The Defence Implications of Emerging Global Trends. In short, my critique will stress the lack of attention given to ideational factors. Third, and finally, I will suggest ideationally driven scenarios and identify the challenges to such a development of war and warfare.

  • 4369.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Introduction: exploring the utility of armed force in modern conflict2008In: Small Wars & Insurgencies, ISSN 0959-2318, E-ISSN 1743-9558, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 297-302Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4370.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Inviting the Leviathan: External Forces, War and State-Building in Afghanistan2010In: Modern War and the Utility of Force: Challenges, Methods, and Strategy / [ed] Jan Angstrom & Isabelle Duyvesteyn, Routledge, 2010, p. 208-230Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4371.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Inviting the Leviathan: external forces, war, and state-building in Afghanistan2008In: Small Wars & Insurgencies, ISSN 0959-2318, E-ISSN 1743-9558, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 374-396Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4372.
    Ångström, Jan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Mapping the Competing Historical Analogies of the War on Terrorism: The Bush Presidency2011In: International Relations, ISSN 0047-1178, E-ISSN 1741-2862, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 224-242Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4373.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Seger: ett begrepp i behov av nyansering2018In: Minnet av Narva: om troféer, parader och historiebruk / [ed] Klas Kronberg, Anna-Maria Forssberg, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2018, p. 213-234Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4374.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum. Uppsala universitet.
    The Changing Norms of Civil and Military and Civil-Military Relations Theory2013In: Small Wars & Insurgencies, ISSN 0959-2318, E-ISSN 1743-9558, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 224-236Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4375.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    The Problem of Victory of Defeat in Modern War2007In: Understanding Victory and Defeat in Contemporary War / [ed] Jan Angstrom & Isabelle Duyvesteyn, Routledge, 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4376.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    The United States Perspective on Victory in a War on Terrorism2007In: Understanding Victory and Defeat in Contemporary War / [ed] Jan Angstrom & Isabelle Duyvesteyn, Routledge, 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4377.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    The US perspective on future war: why the US relies upon Ares rather than Athena2018In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 318-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses why the US in its military operations tends to focus on only one dimension in war – the military narrowly understood. More precisely, in the US case, its armed forces tend to be preoccupied with platforms and understand military capabilities as those that deliver death and destruction. I explain this one-sided understanding of the military dimension in war with how the US armed forces think about future war. How the US understands future war is, in turn, a reflection of how it organizes its long-term defense planning procedures. In particular, by approaching the concept of future as by and large structurally determined, a focus on platforms becomes natural. Investments in weapons systems, too, are more easily motivated to Congress since it is easier to attach a price to developing, for example, a new submarine than it is to attach a price to the cost of developing a military organization that is adaptive, learning and anticipating. The understanding of the future as something that happens whether you like it or not is particularly odd in the US context where of course a central tenet of the American dream is that the individual creates her own future.

  • 4378.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Transformation into Nature: Swedish Army Ranger Rites of Passage2016In: Transforming Warriors: The Ritual Organization of Military Force / [ed] Peter Halden & Peter Jackson, London: Routledge, 2016, p. 144-162Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4379.
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Är 11 september och kriget mot terrorism bevis för en civilisationernas kamp?2008In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 18-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4380.
    Ångström, Jan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Duyvesteyn, Isabelle
    Modern war and the utility of force: challenges, methods and strategy2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 4381.
    Ångström, Jan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Duyvesteyn, Isabelle
    University of Utrecht.
    War, what is it good for?2010In: Modern War and the Utility of Force: Challenges, Methods, and Strategy / [ed] Jan Ångström & Isabelle Duyvesteyn, Routledge, 2010, Vol. 35, no 5Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4382.
    Ångström, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Honig, Jan Willem
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section. Department of War Studies, King's College, London.
    Regaining Strategy: Small Powers, Strategic Culture, and Escalation in Afghanistan2012In: Journal of Strategic Studies, ISSN 0140-2390, E-ISSN 1743-937X, Vol. 35, no 5, p. 663-687Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Western operations in Afghanistan, small European powers escalate in different ways. While Denmark and the Netherlands have contributed to Western escalation through integration with British and US forces, Norway and Sweden have done so by creating a division of labour allowing US and British combat forces to concentrate their efforts in the south. These variations in strategic behaviour suggest that the strategic choice of small powers is more diversified than usually assumed. We argue that strategic culture can explain the variation in strategic behaviour of the small allies in Afghanistan. In particular, Dutch and Danish internationalism have reconciled the use of force in the national and international domains, while in Sweden and Norway there is still a sharp distinction between national interest and humanitarianism.

  • 4383.
    Ångström, Jan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Noreen, Erik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Swedish strategy and the Afghan experience: from neutrality to ambiguity2017In: The Swedish presence in Afghanistan: security and defence transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 31-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4384.
    Ångström, Jan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Widen, Jerker
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Contemporary military theory: the dynamics of war2015Book (Refereed)
  • 4385.
    Ångström, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Widén, Jerker
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Adopting a Recipe for Success: Modern Armed Forces and the Institutionalization of the Principles of War2012In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, E-ISSN 1521-0448, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 263-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevailing explanation of the institutionalization of the principles of war is misleading. Although the introduction of the principles into Western doctrine coincided with total war and the need to train unprecedented numbers of soldiers and junior officers in tactics, the fact that the principles disappeared from doctrines immediately prior to and during the Second World War suggests that they were not institutionalized to meet an increased need to educate the military. Instead, we test two other explanations: one drawing on the principles’ military effectiveness and one drawing upon the principles’ explanatory power. We find that neither one of these hypotheses stand. Instead, we conclude by elaborating on how the institutionalization of the principles of war can be made understandable using non-rationalist frameworks, in particular the growth of a particular kind of identity of staff officers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. According to this framework, the two world wars interrupted—rather than promoted—the institutionalization of the principles, since the wars with their large death tolls and mass recruitment increased the difficulties of creating a separate and unique identity for the burgeoning corps of staff officers.

  • 4386.
    Ångström, Jan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Widén, Jerker
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Religion or reason?: exploring alternative ways to measure the quality of doctrine2016In: Journal of Strategic Studies, ISSN 0140-2390, E-ISSN 1743-937X, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 198-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we address the often ignored issue of quality standards for doctrine. In doing so, we contribute to the existing literature on military doctrine, since much of previous research has focused on outlining the effects of doctrine or the causes of particular doctrinal content, rather than how we should measure its quality. The predominant way of understanding quality of doctrine is based on the rationalist understanding of doctrine as a force multiplier. However, rationalist aims do not necessarily tell us anything about the contents of doctrine. Hence, a doctrine can be seemingly of high quality, but ultimately impede or lead armed forces astray. Rather than focusing on the utilitarian side of doctrine, we suggest that doctrine should mainly be understood as articles of faith or a belief system. And thus the quality of doctrine becomes inextricably linked to military norms and military identity. Writing doctrine thus becomes part of ritual, rather than reason.

  • 4387.
    Åqvist, David
    Swedish Defence University.
    Autentiskt ledarskap på Militärhögskolan Karlberg: En kvalitativ och kvantitativ studie av föredöme2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vissa forskare anser att autentiskt ledarskap är grunden för alla positiva former av ledarskap. Andra forskare menar på att det är en fördjupning av delen föredöme i den svenska modellen, utvecklande ledarskap, vilken används av svenska Försvarsmakten.

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka kadetterna vid Försvarshögskolan Karlbergs syn på de ingående delarna i föredöme och applicera teorin autentiskt ledarskap på detta. Förhoppningen var att genom detta identifiera skillnader och likheter mellan teorin och kadettens syn på föredöme och därigenom tydliggöra de teoretiska perspektivens relation till varandra. Utöver detta skulle studien även kunna ge en bild av i vilken utsträckning kadetternas ledarskap kännetecknas av ett autentiskt ledarskap samt föredöme.

    För att svara på detta har studien genomfört en kvantitativ enkätundersökning samt en kvalitativ intervjustudie. Dessa har visat att kadetterna kännetecknas av en hög grad av autentiskt ledarskap samt att kadetternas syn på föredöme till en viss del är likvärdig gentemot autentiskt ledarskap, men att en svaghet råder i de två perspektiven.

  • 4388.
    Åsander, Max
    Swedish Defence University.
    Man, kvinna eller soldat?: En diskursanalys av genusuttryck i Försvarsmaktens rekryteringsmaterial2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4389.
    Åsberg, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Beslutsprocessen vid anskaffning av system till Försvarsmakten: JAS 39 Gripen och dess utveckling inom svenska flygvapnet2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under kalla kriget förberedde Sverige sig för att försvara landet mot en invasion. Detta ledde till en mängd olika materielanskaffningar till Försvarsmakten; bland annat stridsflygplanet JAS 39 Gripen.

    Idag ska svenska Försvarsmakten ha förmågan att utföra nationella likväl som internationella insatser. Det mer globala operationsområdet blev aktuellt efter Berlinmurens fall under 90-talet och tillika kalla krigets slut. Internationaliseringen av Försvarsmakten gjorde att materielsystem behövde utvecklas för att möta de nya kraven som den globala arenan nu ställde. Den politiska inriktningen för myndigheten varierar i takt med den säkerhetspolitiska situationen i vår omvärld.

    I denna uppsats undersöks vilka aktörer som är inblandade i beslutprocessen vid anskaffning av materiel till Försvarsmakten. Undersökning riktar in sig mot JAS 39 Gripen-systemet och dess utveckling. Syftet med undersökningen är att ge en förklarande bild för de personer som befinner sig utanför processen. Den ska även försöka att utröna huruvida Försvarsmaktens internationalisering och samarbete med andra nationer har påverkat utvecklingen av JAS 39 Gripen.

    Resultatet visar att den globala marknaden tillsammans med den nya inriktningen för Försvarsmakten under 90-talet har lett till en ständigt pågående uppgradering av JAS 39 Gripen till att bli ett interoperabelt stridsflygplan. De inblandade aktörerna i beslutsprocessen har i och med det ökat och anskaffning av Nato-kompatibla delsystem är ett led i utvecklingen.

  • 4390.
    Åsbom, Markus
    Swedish Defence University.
    NATOs avskräckning i en förändrad säkerhetsmiljö: En kvalitativ fallstudie på NATOs avskräckningsstrategi från 1999 till idag2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Alliances should have a big amount of capabilities and strong individual states to deter successfully. NATO needs to decide who their adversary is, what actions to deter and what countermeasures to deter them. They should also increase their conventional forces and willingness to use nuclear weapons as a response to aggression. With this background in previous research the problem of this thesis is how does an alliance deterring strategy look like and how is it tailored to fit the adversary, threat and countermeasures. The aim for this thesis is to explain how the deterring strategy of NATO looks like and how it has changed since after the cold war till today.

    The results show that the deterring strategy has changed focus. From the focus on territorial, broad and denial deterrence in the strategic concept from 1999. To the focus on territorial, extended, broad and denial deterrence in the NATO summit meeting in Warsaw 2016.

  • 4391.
    Åselius, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    ”Kriget som utrikespolitiskt instrument”2017In: Från krig till fred till krig / [ed] Kurt Almqvist & PJ Anders Linder, Stockholm: Axel och Margareta Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse för allmännyttiga ändamål , 2017, p. 11-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4392. Åselius, Gunnar
    Nya frågor för militärhistorikerna: Ett debattinlägg i Hans Delbrücks anda2008In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, no 3, p. 477-487Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4393.
    Åselius, Gunnar
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Sverige mer skyddat mot väpnat angrepp än någonsin2014In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 10/3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4394.
    Åström, Rickard
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Syftet med svenskt deltagande med väpnad trupp i internationella fredsfrämjande insatser - har regeringens argumentation förändrats?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4395. Åström, S.
    et al.
    Wilde, B.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Ljungquist, M.
    Johansson, J.
    Wiklund, B.
    Sjuksköterskans roll i kommunal hälso- och sjukvård: erfarenheter av sjuksköterskor integrerade i vårdlag vid servicehus och som personalledare vid gruppboende1997Report (Other academic)
  • 4396.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Begreppslogistik och mönsterförståelse2009In: Tankar om fälttåg / [ed] Peter Ahlström & Ulf Högström, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2009, p. 219-231Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4397.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Enduring war: Heroes’ Acre, ‘the empty throne’, and the politics of disappearance2016In: Critical Military Studies, ISSN 2333-7486, E-ISSN 2333-7494, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 155-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    War memorials are a common and often controversial part of the commemoration of past wars. In order to better grasp their importance for the way war endures below the surface of peace, this article stages an ethnographic encounter with a Namibian monument: Heroes’ Acre. The memorial embodies the official Namibian narrative on past wars by emphasizing a nationalist and quasi-religious symbolism, a framing that has been challenged by a number of writers pointing to the need for going beyond the state discourse. This article complements and complicates the way Heroes’ Acre appears in discourse by focusing on the interstices and absences at the site. By drawing upon my own visit to the monument as well as theoretical engagements, most notably Georgio Agamben’s discussion of ‘the empty throne’, I read Heroes’ Acre as a place where political power functions through emptiness, as it allows the future of war to endure in the present. Engaging particularly with the empty graveyard at the site, I argue that its emptiness needs to be understood as a guarantee for war – not in case it occurs – but as a ready-made symbol of glory, always virtually there, waiting to be fulfilled.

  • 4398.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Air Operations Section.
    Ethics, the military imaginary, and practices of war2019In: Critical Studies on Security, ISSN 2162-4887, E-ISSN 2162-4909Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4399.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Forget Clausewitz2014In: The International Journal of Baudrillard Studies, ISSN 1705-6411, E-ISSN 1705-6411, Vol. 11, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The modern study of war originates in many ways in Carl von Clausewitz classic On War. One of Clausewitz most influential positions is the idea that war is political, summed up in the statement that ‘war is the continuation of politics by other means.’ Traditional approaches to war often draw on this idea to outline how tactics and operations work as means to strategic and political ends. Critical approaches on the other hand, have instead invoked Michel Foucault’s idea that ‘politics is the continuation of war by other means,’ enabling an understanding for how politics relate to a struggle of life and death. This paper outlines a critique of both ideas by drawing on Jean Baudrillard’s discussion of the Gulf-war. It argues that taking the link between war and politics for granted produces a reality which in many ways reflects and reifies war as a mode of politics, or politics as a mode of war. The text ends by arguing that if we are to think war seriously and critically we need to think it beyond politics, and a starting point to do so is to forget Clausewitz.

  • 4400.
    Öberg, Dan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Introduction: Baudrillard and War2014In: The International Journal of Baudrillard Studies, ISSN 1705-6411, E-ISSN 1705-6411, Vol. 11, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
858687888990 4351 - 4400 of 4458
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