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  • 351.
    Friedner Parrat, Charlotta
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Maritime Operations Section.
    Change in International Society: How Not to Recreate the 'First Debate' of International Relations2019In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The English school of international relations is in large parts focused on the study of historical change; at the same time, however, it is remarkably unclear on how to understand change in between the idealist belief in progress and the realist eternal cycles of recurrence. This article seeks to avoid this dead end by questioning the school's understanding of change as a commonsensical concept. It is argued that change would be better understood as composed of three facets: one ontological (what is change?), one explanatory (what causes change?), and one normative (is change desirable?). This metatheoretical reconceptualization of change permits cross-checking the three facets against each other for internal coherence, but most importantly, it makes visible the underlying assumptions used to study change, so that ideas of history, causes, and normative ideals can be openly scrutinized, questioned, and defended rather than treated as self-evident. The resulting suggestion of an internally metatheoretically coherent understanding of change in international society signifies a much-needed addition to the English school tool-kit. It brings a promise of a significant metatheoretical overhaul of the theory, which, if taken up, will open up new horizons for the school. In addition, it opens up similar metatheoretical inquiries into other international relations theories’ views of change.

  • 352.
    Frisk, Robert
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section. Division of Philosophy, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Linda
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Maritime Operations Section. Division of Philosophy, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Military operations planning and goal-management: a philosophical perspective: thoughts on how decision theory and ethics can help improve military goal-management2019In: Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, ISSN 1488-559X, E-ISSN 1488-559X, Vol. 19, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses and reviews some previous research concerning what we denote as ‘goal-management’, in other words how to set, apply and evaluate goals when conducting military operations planning. We aim to explain and answer the following question:

    • In what way could a review of previous philosophical thoughts on goal-management, decision theory and ethics improve contemporary military operations planning concerning goal-management?

    We suggest a guideline (a planning tool) for how to conduct goal-management when planning military operations and exemplify our guideline with two fictive examples concerning the development of an Operational advice and Appreciation of Rules of Engagement. The paper concludes that the application of decision theory and ethics, i.e. important parts of philosophy, can contribute to military operations planning by focusing on three perspectives: an axiomatic, an ethical and a deliberative perspective.

  • 353.
    Furtenbach, Börje
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från försvarsstabens krigshistoriska avdelning 19541954Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Arne Scholander, Förberedelserna för landstigningen vid Inchon, Koreakriget, Operation Chromite,
    • Walther Hubatsch, Erövringen av Ösel och Dagö 1941, Ösel, Dagö, Moonsundet, Stormbåtar, Operation Beowulf,
    • Allan Kroon, Expeditionen till Västerbotten 1809, Ratan, Sävan, Kamenski, Puke, Wrede, Wachtmeister,
    • Herman Müllern, Operation Büffel, Feuerstein, Scissorsforce, Gubbins, Pothus,
  • 354.
    Fältström, Herman
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    SLAGSIDA: sjöförsvaret och försvarsbesluten2017Book (Other academic)
  • 355.
    Fältström, Herman
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Wigert, Lars
    Sjöminan under kalla kriget2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 356.
    Granberg, Staffan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division, Sektionen för krigsspel.
    Hulterström, Patrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Ecological Psychology: A Framework for Wargame Design2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 357.
    Granåsen, Magdalena
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Barius, Per
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Command and Control Section.
    Hallberg, Niklas
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Josefsson, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Command and Control Section.
    Exploring Mission Command in a Concept for Future Command and Control2018In: 23rd International Command and Control Research & Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): Multi-Domain C2 / [ed] Alberts, David, International Command and Control Institute , 2018, Vol. Topic 3, article id 22Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Future Command and Control (C2) need to be both agile and resilient to cope with unpredictable operational environments and to make use of the technological advances. The Swedish Armed Forces develops a concept for future C2 of military operations. The objective of this paper is to explore the utilization of mission command in a future C2 concept. Sweden has a solid tradition of mission command, promoted by the Swedish culture of participation and empowerment. However, the future operational environment demands a need for organizational agility, thus changing the prerequisites for mission command. The future C2 concept, which is under development, encompasses centralized and decentralized command in fixed and temporary organizations. Centralized approaches may be preferred when it comes to prioritization of technologically advanced exclusive resources. On the other hand, dynamic situations demand rapid decision making and seizing the opportunity given in the moment. The future operational environment includes hybrid warfare and gray zone issues, demanding thorough analysis in order to foresee the political consequences of decisions. Sensor and communication technologies enable enhanced situation awareness; however, the infrastructure is vulnerable. The current paper analyses the application of mission command in the future operational environment, and further mission command in relation to organizational agility. The conclusion is that mission command is still relevant in the complex future operational environment. However, the increasingly complex operational environment demands continuous development of the C2 function.

  • 358.
    Granåsen, Magdalena
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Sweden.
    Huskaj, Gazmend
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section. School of Informatics, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Stefan, Varga
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Data Collection and Research in CDXs: Command and Control, Cyber Situational Awareness and Intelligence Perspectives on Cyber Defense2019In: 24th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): Cyber Risk to Mission / [ed] Alberts, David, International Command and Control Institute , 2019, Vol. Topic 9, article id 24Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The annual cyber defense exercise Locked Shields is the world’s largest unclassified defensive exercise. The exercise participants form “blue teams” that are tasked to defend their critical infrastructure against an attacking “red team.” The blue teams are scored based on how well they keep their essential system functions running and the extent to which they manage to assess and report what they are exposed to. During Locked Shields 2019, 24 blue teams from 30 countries participated in a two-day exercise. The case study presented in this paper focuses on one of the blue teams. The team consisted of around 60 people from governmental institutions as well as private companies. The objective of this paper is to explore the possibilities to collect meaningful data for research on Command and Control, C2, Cyber Situational Awareness, CSA, and Intelligence in conjunction with an inter-organizational cyber defense team during a cyber defense exercise. During preparations preceding the exercise, the research team observed the development of strategy, coordination structures and organization in the temporarily formed team as it prepared to solve the highly challenging exercise tasks. During the exercise, data collection included questionnaires, observations, team communication logs, reporting from the blue to the white team and performance scores. The data collection sought to satisfy needs within three research themes - 1) command and control, C2, 2) cyber situational awareness, and 3) intelligence. A review of the dataset showed that the data is well suited for further analysis. The paper presents initial results as well as an outline of how the different types of data collected contribute to research within the three research themes.

  • 359.
    Gribbe, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    STRIL 602011Book (Other academic)
  • 360.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Arthur Stille2010In: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, Stockholm: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon , 2010, Vol. 164, p. 489-493Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 361.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Biskopsämbetets transformering i Svenska kyrkan under 1900-talet2011In: Finsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0015-248X, no 9Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 362.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Biskopämbetets officiella och inofficiella strukturer2011In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 1, p. 119-124Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 363.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Book review of Nationalizing the past: Historians as nation builders in modern Europe2016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 2, p. 260-265Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 364.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Book review of  År noll: Historien om 19452016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 4, p. 744-746Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 365.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Bordieuan Field Theory as an Instrument for Military Operational Analysis2017 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book uses Pierre Bourdieu’s field theory as a lens through which to examine military operations. Novel in its approach, this innovative text provides a better, more nuanced understanding of the modern ‘battlespace’, particularly in instances of prolonged low-intensity conflict. Formed in two parts, this book primarily explores the scope of Bourdien theory before secondly providing a detailed case study of the Yugoslavian succession war of 1990-1992. Gunneriusson suggests that although theories do not necessarily provide answers, they do help us ask better questions. This volume suggests news lines of interdisciplinary investigation that will be of interest to members of armed forces, practitioners from NGOs, and policymakers.

  • 366.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Field Theory: An operative theoretical approach to military operations2011In: The Human Social Culture Behavior (HSCB), Arlington: Darpa , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The Human Social Culture Behavior (HSCB) Modeling Program: Focus 2010 conference was held August 5–7, 2009 at the Westfields Marriot in Virginia. Hosted by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) HSCB Modeling Program, the conference brought together leading scientific and technical experts from both inside the Department of Defense and other government agencies who showcased their work in the HSCB modeling arena. Focus 2010 drew over 600 attendees from the Department of Defense, other government organizations, industry, and academia and with backgrounds ranging from sociology and anthropology to computer science and engineering.

  • 367.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Fältanalys och fältövningar2018In: Militära Arbetsmetoder: lärobok i krigsvetenskap / [ed] Thunholm, Peter; Widén, Jerker; Wikström, Niklas, Malmö: Universus Academic press , 2018, p. 313-329Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utgångsläget för texten är att terräng är en viktig del av fältövningar och att terrängen kan ses från olika perspektiv. Syftet med föreliggande text är att visa på att den för krigföring så viktiga terrängen kan problematiseras och teoretiseras för att ge fruktbara idéer på dess användande, dess natur men också analys av den.

  • 368.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Fälttågsidé2009In: Tankar om fälttåg / [ed] Peter Ahlström & Ulf Högström, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan , 2009, p. 47-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 369.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Första världskriget ur olika perspektiv2016In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 370.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Historiska föreningen i Uppsala: från centrum till perferi2012In: Historiker i vardag och fest: Historiska föreningen i Uppsala 1862-2012 / [ed] David Ludvigsson, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2012, p. 215-224Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 371.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Hybrid warfare and law2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The weaponization of culture in Russia.

    The weaponization of Western weakness in the cases Ukraine & Syria.

    Western unwillingness to recognise Russian hostility: turned into a tool for Russia to undermine Western power.

  • 372.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Hybrid Warfare: Theoretical concept2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 373.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Krig, kultur och rationalitet i Västerlandet och i den islamska kulturkretsen2011In:  :  , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 374.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Legoknektar över alla gränser: Recension av Nir Arielli, och Bruce Collins (eds.), Transnational Soldiers: Foreign Military Enlistment in the Modern Era2015In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2014, no 2, p. 151-153Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 375.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Mau Mau-upproret och brittisk upprorsbekämpning i nytt ljus?: Recension av Huw Bennett, Fighting the Mau Mau: the British Army and Counter-Insurgency in the Kenya Emergency2014In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2014, no 2, p. 147-150Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 376.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Nothing is taken seriously until it get serious: Countering Hybrid Threats2012In: Defence Against Terrorism Review, ISSN 1307-9190, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 47-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid threats has transformed as a concept the recent years and here is a pallete of ways to intepret the concept as well as some examples.

  • 377.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Officersutbildningens akademisering2009In: Vårt Försvar, ISSN 0042-2800, no 4, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 378.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Planning workshop talk2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 379.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Recension av Per Lundin, Niklas Stenlås & Johan Gribbe (red.): Science for welfare and warfare. Technologyand state initiative in cold war Sweden2011In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 380.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Stödmyndighetsutredningen2009In: Vårt Försvar, ISSN 0042–2800, no 3, p. 32-35Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 381.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Sweden2010In: Atlas of European Historiography: The Making of a Profession, 1800-2005 / [ed] Ilaria Porciani and Lutz Raphael, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This innovative Atlas - based on the work of more than 80 experts - maps for the first time the development of the historical profession and the core institutions of historiography in Europe since 1800. It gives a comprehensive overview of the making of the infrastructure of historical studies from archives to universities for all European countries as well as analyzing general trends and regional or national particularities of the historians' craft in contemporary Europe. Featuring a specially-commissioned set of maps and a systematical integration of texts and images, it provides an accessible teaching instrument and essential reading for scholars interested in the development of European culture and the history of European nationalism.

  • 382.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    “Teaching in the trenches": A discussion on German tactical frontline training at the end of the First World War”2017Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Texten diskuterar den omorganisation som skedde i den kejserliga tyska armén inför våroffensiverna 1918. Detta görs utifrån primärkällor i det tyska landsarkivet i Karlsruhe, som inte tidigare använts. Såväl det snabba systemet för att tillvarata de senaste erfarenheterna från fronten diskuteras, som upplägget för att bokstavligen utbilda och omorganisera arméenheterna i skyttegravarna. Hanteringen av erfarenheter belyses genom en rapport som dels innehöll viktiga slutsatser, dels hanterades mycket snabbt från slaget i fråga, till de väpnade styrkornas befälhavares (Eric von Ludendorff) förord och vidare ned i tryckt form vid förband på Västfronten. Det andra exemplet visar på den snabba men ad hoc liknande process som vidtog vid omorganisationen av arméenheter till stormtruppstaktik. Förutsättningarna för att detta kan göras berörs i inledningen och anknyter till några faktorer såsom institutionell tillit och utbildning i det tyska civila samhället som underlättade det som sedan skedde i armén.  Perspektivet brygger från det allmänna i Tyskland till specifika dagorders vid Västfronten. Det senare går inte att komma åt annat än genom att använda de dokument som producerades för användande i den välfungerande byråkratiska hanteringen vid fronten.

  • 383.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Väst har hamnat i en duellsituation2015In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 31/5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 384.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Bachmann, Sascha
    Bournemouth Univerrsity.
    Military teaching for the future2015In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, Vol. 2, p. 131-145Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med nya militära utmaningar ställs frågan vad taktisk utbildning egentligen? Många sysselsätter sig med att undervisa i taktisk utbildning, men ställer man dem frågan vad taktik är så händer det ofta att svaret blir svävande och vagt. Är den taktiska utbildningen något som är tidsbundet och daterat? Tesen är att det centrala vid den taktiska utbildningen är förmedlandet och hanterandet av ett taktiskt språk. För att visa på detta inleds med ett exempel från det första världskrigets kejserliga tyska armé där relationen stat, krigsmakt, taktik och språk diskuteras. Stora taktiska förändringar kan genomfras på kort tid, under pågående konflikt med miljontals människor inblandade bara förutsättningarna finns. En välorganiserad stat med hög utbildnings och organisationsnivå är viktigt för en militär organisation då den bara är en exponent av samhället i stort. Denna del följs av taktisk utbildning vid två olika tillfällen i Sverige under det nära förflutna, dels vid stabsprogrammet, dels på officersprogrammet. Vid båda tillfällena är det uppenbart att skolandet i ett uniformt och effektivt taktiskt språk är centralt i undervisningen, oaktat den hierarkiska skillnaden vid tillfällena. Sammanfattningsvis kan sägas att på ytan må den taktiska undervisningen te sig bunden av sina scenarion och fall men att den på ett djupare plan uppehåller sig vid något mer allmänt som språk som också i lika hög grad är viktigt.

  • 385.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Bachmann, Sascha
    University of Bournemouth.
    Terrorism and Cyber Attacks as Hybrid Threats: Defining a Comprehensive Approach for Countering 21st Century Threats to Global Risk and Security2013In: A Multidisciplinary Conference on Cyberterrorism: Final Report / [ed] Macdonald, S., Jarvis, L. & Chen, T., Birmingham: Swansea University , 2013, p. 12-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 386.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Bachmann, Sascha Dov
    Bournemouth University, United Kingdom.
    Western Denial and Russian Control: How Russia’s National Security Strategy Threatens a Western-Based Approach to Global Security, the Rule of Law and Globalization2017In: Polish Political Science Yearbook, ISSN 0208-7375, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 9-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Russian National Security Strategy of 2015 aims at achieving autarky from Western influences on global security, the rule of law and global trade. Russia aims at attaining this by applying a holistic mix of military, political and economic means to weaken the West and to strengthen its own role as a global player. The Russian approach builds on a strategy of reflexive control which as such is an old method, but the outcome of the application of this approach results in hybrid warfare which as such is a new emerging concept of warfighting. This short article looks at one particular aspect of this Russian strategy, namely using Hybrid, or non-linear, Warfare against its Western direct neighbours in particular and the West in general. We will discuss the underlying cultural logic in Russia’s actions and will reflect on the impact of Russia’s utilization of the existing cultural asymmetry as a form of warfare in regard to the West. The examples used in this text are taken from the context of the conflicts of Ukraine and Syria, but have to be seen as constituting a part of an on-going global conflict aimed at NATO and the EU. The text builds on years of research within the hybrid threat, warfare respectively, context by both authors.

  • 387.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Bachmann, Sascha-Dominik
    The Media School, Bournemouth University, UK.
    Russia’s Hybrid Warfare in the East: Using the Information Sphere as Integral to Hybrid Warfare2015In: Georgetown journal of international affairs, ISSN 0315-0941, E-ISSN 2049-6060, Vol. Oktober, p. 199-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Future adversaries will increasingly rely on technological means to execute their operations, utilizing cyber capabilities to control or support ‘Hybrid Threats.’ Hybrid Threats are multimodal, low intensity, kinetic as well as non-kinetic threats to international peace and security. Examples of Hybrid Threats include asymmetric conflict scenarios, global terrorism, piracy, transnational organized crime, demographic challenges, resources security, retrenchment from globalization and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.Cyber-conflict and cyber-warfare are great examples of the use of new technologies within the scope of Hybrid Threats. Cyber-war refers to a sustained, computer-based cyber-attack by a state (or non-state actor) against the IT infrastructure of a target. The combination of new technology and its availability make cyber-supported or cyber-led Hybrid Threats so potent. Cyber threats strike at the core of modern war fighting by affecting Command and Control abilities, which have become vulnerable to such cyber-attacks.Russia has been one of the most prolific users of cyber capabilities. In 2007, Russia attempted to disrupt Estonia’s Internet infrastructure as retribution for the country’s removal of a WWII Soviet War Memorial from the center of Tallinn. Russia also augmented its conventional military campaign in Georgia with cyber capabilities, which severely hampered the functioning of government and business websites.In the present conflict in Eastern Ukraine, Russia has effectively used the information sphere as an integral tool in its Hybrid War against the people of Ukraine.

  • 388.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Lindahl, Per
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Defensiven – begrepp och doktrinbakgrundIn: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, Vol. BihäfteArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I DENNA ARTIKEL kommer defensiven att belysas utifrån två olika perspektiv och genom två historiska exempel tagna från första respektive andra världskriget. Inledningsvis betraktas defensiven utifrån försvararen perspektiv och med ett exempel från Estland (Narva) 1944. Efter en historik bakgrundsbeskrivning, där bl a doktrinutvecklingen beskrivs, följer ett avsnitt avseende doktrin- och reglementsjämförelse mellan dåtida tyska och nutida svenska reglementen. Vi har i den delen valt att som metod söka efter vissa militärteoretiska indikatorer – fyra typiska begrepp inom defensiv och offensiv strid – för att diskutera likheter och olikheter mellan dåtid och nutid. De fyra valda begreppen är eldens (verkans) betydelse, terrängens betydelse, djupets betydelse och slutligen reservernas betydelse. Jämförelsen appliceras sedan på det taktiska exemplet innan denna del avslutas med en kort sammanfattning.

  • 389.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Ottis, Rain
    Tallinn University of Technology.
    Cyberspace from the Hybrid Threat Perspective2013In: Journal of Information Warfare, ISSN 1445-3312, Vol. 12, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid threats use conventional and unconventional means to achieve their goals. In this paper we explore the cyber threats as one possible aspect of hybrid threats. We describe three ways of approaching cyberspace (operations) from the hybrid threats perspective: supporting conventional operations, exploiting non-military systems, and exploring the opportunities provided by this environment. In particular, we highlight the aspects that are or likely will be relevant to the military community.

  • 390.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Ottis, Rain
    University of Jyväskylä & Tallinn University of Technology.
    Cyberspace from the Hybrid Threat Perspective2013In: Papers Presented at the 12th European Conference on Information Warfare and Security / [ed] Kuusisto, Rauno & Kurkinen, Erkki, Reading: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2013, p. 98-105Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid threats use conventional and unconventional means to achieve their goals. In this paper we explore the cyber threats as one possible aspect of hybrid threats. We describe three ways of approaching cyberspace (operations) from the hybrid threats perspective: supporting conventional operations, exploit-ing non-military systems, and exploring the opportunities provided by this envi-ronment. In particular, we highlight the aspects that are or likely will be relevant to the military community.

  • 391.
    Gussarsson, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    The importance of knowing Finnish land and waters: the organisation of Swedish military mapping from the Great Northern War to the Swedish-Russian War of 1808-18092018In: 1716 - The Great Northern War: new perspectives / [ed] Clemmesen, Michael Hesselholt; Poulsen, Niels Bo; Schøning, Anna Sofie;, Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2018, 1, p. 37-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 392.
    Gustafson, Michael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Hybridkrigföring: nya utmaningar eller klassiska principer som vi redan förstår?2016In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 161-170Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 393.
    Gustafson, Michael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    I Frank Kitsons fotspår2010In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 64-91Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 394.
    Gustafson, Michael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Irregular Warfare and Counterinsurgency2008In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 5, p. 56-65Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 395.
    Gustafson, Michael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Modern Irregular Warfare and Counterinsurgency2009In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 1, p. 82-101Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 396.
    Gustafson, Michael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Perspectives on War Studies and Irregular Warfare2009In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 102-118Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 397.
    Gustafson, Michael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst). National Defence University, Department of Tactics and Operational Art, Finland.
    The Duality of Tactical Thought: A Study of how Swedish Land Forces’ Commanders view Tactics in Irregular Warfare2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a sociological study of the views of officers in the Swedish Army and its Amphibious Forces on tactics in Irregular Warfare (IW), in particular, Counterinsurgency (COIN). IW comprises struggles, where the military weaker part uses an indirect approach with smaller units and integrates the civilian and military dimensions in a violence spectrum including subversion, terrorism, Guerrilla Warfare and infantry actions. IW is the main armed warfare style in insurgencies. COIN is the combined political, military, economic, social and legal actions in counter insurgencies.

    Data has been collected by means of interviews with almost all (n =43) officers, who were either commanding battalions or rifle and manoeuvre companies while undergoing training for general warfare and international operations. The main theoretical and methodological inspiration is the traditional one for research on social fields, inaugurated by the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. The statistical technique used is Multiple Correspondence Analysis. As a background and context base, an inquiry inspired by the Begriffsgechichte (Conceptual History) tradition explores the genesis and development of understandings of the term Irregular Warfare. The research question is outlined as; “how can contemporary Swedish military thought on tactics in Irregular Warfare be characterized using descriptive patterns, mapped in relation to background factors and normative standards?

    The most significant findings are that there are two main opposing notions separating the officers’ views on tactics in Irregular Warfare: (1) a focus on larger, combat oriented and collectively operating military units versus smaller and larger, more intelligence oriented and dispersed operating units, and (2) a focus on military tasks and kinetic effects versus military and civilian tasks as well as “soft” effects. The distribution of these views can be presented as a two-dimensional space structured by the two axes. This space represents four categories of tactics, partly diverging from normative military standards for Counterinsurgency. This social space of standpoints shows different structural tendencies for background factors of social and cultural character, particularly dominant concerning military backgrounds, international mission experiences and civilian education. Compared to military standards for Counterinsurgency, the two tactical types characterized by a Regular Warfare mind-set stands out as counter-normative.

    Signs of creative thought on military practice and theory, as well as a still persistent Regular Warfare doxa are apparent. Power struggles might thus develop, effecting the transformation to a broadened warfare culture with an enhanced focus also on Irregular Warfare. The result does not support research results arguing for a convergence of military thought in the European transformation of Armed Forces. The main argument goes beyond tactics and suggests sociological analysis on reciprocal effects regarding strategy, operational art, tactics as well as leadership, concerning the mind-set and preferences for Regular, Irregular and Hybrid Warfare.

  • 398.
    Gustafsson, Bengt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Det sovjetiska hotet mot Sverige2014Book (Other academic)
  • 399.
    Gustafsson, Bengt
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Det sovjetiska Hotet mot Sverige: Sovjetisk planering och svenskt invasionsförsvar2014Book (Other academic)
  • 400.
    Gustafsson, Bengt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Sanningen om ubåtsfrågan- ett försök till analys2015Book (Other academic)
567891011 351 - 400 of 1032
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