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  • 301.
    Murdoch, Steve
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Zickermann, Kathrin
    Oavlönade Docent, MHA, Försvarshögskolan, (SWE).
    The Battle of Lemgo, 17 October 1638: An Empirical Re-evaluation2023In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Battle of Lemgo (1638) is traditionally viewed as a complete route of the Swedish forces under Lt General James King (an Orcadian) and an allied army led by Prince Karl Ludwig of the Palatinate. In this presentation, Dr Kathrin Zickermann and Prof Steve Murdoch have reassessed the battlefield reports following the battle and the subsequent actions of the Swedish-Palatine Army. In so doing a number of flaws in the conventional orthodoxy have been exposed. Missing from all previous mentions of this event has been any attention to the Swedish accounts of the battle, or even objective scrutiny of the available German and English ones. This paper returns to the basic principles of the study of history by reviewing the battle objectively and from all sides equally. In so doing we overturn the orthodoxy surrounding the battle and its aftermath. We can conclusively show that far from being a route which saw King and Karl Ludwig return to base with only five survivors (the myth), the battle witnessed an orderly retreat and was followed up by subsequent actions previously overlooked in any Swedish, German or English language accounts. This placed the Swedish army in a stronger position than prior to the battle, albeit the Palatine force was denuded of some of its most senior commanders. We address the mythologizing of these (such as Prince Rupert of the Rhine) and contemplate why the obsession with romantic figures has helped obscure the historical reality of the day.

  • 302.
    Neijman, Thomas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Fältmätningens samband med ”et förändrat Krigssätt”: Fältmätningskåren 1805-18112015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 303.
    Neuding Skoog, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Den tunna blå linjen: Taktiska reformer i det svenska och finska infanteriet 1802-18062023In: Krigsmaskineriet: kriget, förutsättningarna och konsekvenserna ca 1780-1820 / [ed] Martin Hårdstedt; Göran Backman, Oravais: Oravais Historiska Förening , 2023, p. 13-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Neuding Skoog, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Fateful Mésalliance: The Danish-Muscovite Treaties of 1493–1523 in Political and Religious Discourse2023In: Zapiski Historyczne, ISSN 0044-1791, Vol. 88, no 2, p. 65-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1493, King John of Denmark entered into a formal treaty with the grand prince of Muscovy, which was later renewed and discontinued only with the fall of King Christian II. The treaty generated frequent embassies to Copenhagen and Moscow. The treaty was clearly aimed against Sweden and posed a serious strategic problem there. It also provides a backdrop to the diminished Swedish political trust in the Oldenburg kings. Several medieval papal bulls prohibited Latin Christians from contact with infidels and schismatics. This papal embargo represented an over-arching policy that all within the Latin Christian community were expected to observe. The need for trade required degrees of embargo and in effect, the embargo only prohibited trade and interactions with infidels that may harm the Christian community – especially arms trade and offensive alliances. The Danish-Muscovite alliance was a clear breach of this embargo. Earlier studies have not, however, appreciated the significance of this alliance in the larger international context. This article studies the role of Muscovy in the conflicts between Sweden and Denmark from 1493 to 1523. How did the Oldenburg kings utilise the treaty to pursue their strategic goals? What were the Swedish repercussions? Did the Oldenburg kings publicly acknowledge their Muscovite liaison? How did the larger Latin Christian community react? What does this treaty tell us about political change in early sixteenth-century Northern Europe?

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  • 305.
    Neuding Skoog, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Herre i sitt eget rike2023In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, no 5, p. 38-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 306.
    Neuding Skoog, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Military Migration in the Baltic Sea Region, ca. 1400–16202021In: The Medieval Globe, ISSN 2377-3553, Vol. 1, no 7, p. 115-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines military migration in the late medieval and early modern Baltic Sea region in order to map out the directions and patterns of mercenary movement prior to the emergence of national armies. The results illustrate the high degree of the markets' interconnectivity and points to the transnational or even global character of military migration in the North well before the Thirty Year's War, conventionally perceived as the threshold conflict in this context.

  • 307.
    Neuding Skoog, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Pride of the communes: Social change in the military organization of 16th century Sweden2021In: Bringing the People Back In: State Building from Below in the Nordic Countries ca. 1500-1800 / [ed] Edited By: Knut Dørum, Mats Hallenberg, Kimmo Katajala, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2021, 1, p. 91-106Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to study the interconnections between the military-institutional transformation and social organization in local Swedish society during the course of the Sixteenth century. During this period, the emerging new Swedish state bureaucracy transformed the largely autonomous peasant militia into state-controlled regular army units. In this process the political status, goals and agency of the upper peasant strata are studied. This social group applied novel strategies in order to adapt favourably to changes. Through cooperation and continuous bargaining with the emerging new state, this group largely lost its age-old martial identity in exchange for a new beneficial political position in local society. Thus, changes in the military organization also accentuated an increased social stratification within peasant society.

  • 308.
    Nilsonne, Carl
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ryssland i Svenska media under Georgienkrisen2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I have attempted to determine what image of Russia was expressed in the largest newspapers in Sweden (Aftonbladet, Expressen, Svenska Dagbladet och Dagens Nyheter), during the conflict in Georgia in the summer of 2008. Starting with the image presented by Sture Nilsson in Rysskräcken i Sverige – Fördomar och verklighet, I have constructed an ideal consisting of the terms hostility, fear, and mistrust. These factors have then been used to analyse the reports between 2008-08-08 – 2008-08-12, which was the armed part of the conflict. I have found that the factors composing the ideal have been expressed clearly, in editorials as well as in news articles, with the exception of some of the factors that define hostility. The term fear  has only been expressed unequivocally in the last day’s reports. Reports have shown little variation between the different newspapers, although the tabloid press (Aftonbladet and Expressen) have expressed these tendencies slightly stronger, and the volume of reports have been noticeably larger in Svenska Dagbladet and Dagens Nyheter.

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  • 309.
    Nilsson, Felix
    Swedish Defence University.
    Neutralitetsvakten till sjöss: Marinens effektivitet under neutralitetsvakten mellan åren 1939–19452024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Navy’s neutrality guard during World War II, despite its proximity to the present, is a subject that is relatively unexplored in modern research. One of the main tasks of the neutrality guard was to preserve Sweden’s neutrality and territorial sovereignty by preventing warring parties from using the country’s territory. A classic book on the subject, written at the initiative of the naval leadership in the 1960s, is the only work that at least partially deals with this aspect of the Navy’s neutrality guard. There, rough quantifications of the information are made, presenting overall figures for some of the years during the period. This aspect is not mentioned at all in the rest of the research. This bachelor thesis thus aims to create an overview and understanding of this aspect of the Navy’s neutrality guard in order to draw conclusions about the Navy’s effectiveness. This is done by basing a discussion on the results of the thesis about the Navy as an organization according to Brooks’ theory of military effectiveness.

    The investigation is carried out by studying the chief of the Navy’s war diary during World War II both quantitatively and qualitatively. The quantification is made from the neutrality violations and measures that occur in the source material. The qualitative part of the work consists of a text analysis of the directives and posts that relate to neutrality violations. The thesis shows a large discrepancy between the previous research and the source material examined. The discrepancy means that more research on the subject is necessary to determine and deepen the research around the Navy’s neutrality guard. The essay finds that the Navy’s effectiveness varied during World War II and that it perhaps reached its peak in the years 1942–1943. Seen as a whole, the Navy’s neutrality guard succeeded in its purpose – to keep Sweden out of the war.

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  • 310.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Aligning the non-aligned: a re-interpretation of why and how Sweden was granted access to US military materiel in the early cold war, 1948–19522010In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 290-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes a new look at the crucial years in early post-war history, 1948–52, when Swedish-American security relations were established. By 1952 Sweden was firmly within the Western sphere and was considered a trusted ally in the fight against the Soviet Bloc. What had happened since 1948 that made the Swedish government go from almost pariah status to a trusted ally? Prior research has argued that this change was due to a dramatic reversal of US policy towards Sweden, and has even pointed to a very specific date for this policy change—namely February 1950. Washington, it has been said, at that time gave up its objective of getting Sweden to join the North Atlantic Treaty (NAT, which became NATO in 1951).In contrast, the article argues that it was not so much that the Americans changed their minds, as it was Sweden that gradually corrected its policy of neutrality to fit American hegemonic demands, specifically regarding its adherence to the CoCom trade embargo; a process that lasted longer than until February 1950. Moreover, it questions the assumption that getting Sweden to join the NAT was ever a US policy objective. There is simply no evidence to support it. It also makes the case for a reinterpretation of the Swedish-American security relations in the early cold war. The article places these events within the framework of hegemony theory, which in order to improve the understanding of this process.

  • 311.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Amber Nine: NATO's Secret Use of a Flight Path over Sweden and the Incorporation of Sweden in NATO's Infrastructure2009In: Journal of contemporary history, ISSN 0022-0094, E-ISSN 1461-7250, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 287-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All through the 1950s and 1960s NATO had secretly utilized a secret flight path, called Amber Nine, over the southwestern part of Sweden. The Swedish government condoned the frequent overflights, despite the fact that Sweden was at the time professing to follow a policy of neutrality in the power struggle between the two superpowers. This article argues that the frequent American use of Amber Nine should be viewed as a materialization of Sweden's consent to US hegemony, and that Amber Nine effectively made Swedish airspace and airports a part of NATO's infrastructure. It also makes the case that the arrangement contributed to the eradication of the credibility of Sweden's policy of neutrality, and that NATO's routine use of a flight path over Sweden, a non-NATO country, warrants a reinterpretation of Sweden's role in the Cold War on NATO's northern flank, as well as challenging the definition of the NATO alliance.

  • 312.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    KTH.
    Gud vare tack och lov så talade de inte om allt de gjorde: en källkritisk granskning av Neutralitetspolitikkommissionens betänkande2003Report (Other academic)
  • 313.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Herbert Tingsten och Congress for Cultural Freedom: Ett symbiotiskt förhållandeIn: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 314.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Kriget i postmodern belysning: Recension av Judith Butler: Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? London: Verso, 20092011In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2009-2010, p. 376-380Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Limiting Diplomatic Friction: Sweden, the United States and SKF's ball bearing exports to Eastern Europe, 1950-522009In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 57, no 3, p. 273-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the U.S. government’s efforts to curb the Swedish ball bearing producer SKF’s exports to the East early in the Cold War, 1950-1952, and interprets this process within the framework of hegemony theory. The period up to mid-1951 saw increasing U.S. pressure upon Sweden and SKF to consent to U.S. hegemony by abiding by the CoCom embargo. To achieve its objectives U.S. policymakers developed a flexible ‘’carrot and stick’’ approach, and the article adds considerable detail regarding the U.S. government’s handling of SKF. U.S. tolerance and flexibility was dependent upon Swedish consent to American hegemony in Western Europe, which was received through the signing of the Stockholm agreement in mid-June 1951, a hegemonic apparatus through which Sweden’s abidance by the embargo was handled. A small amount of exports was accepted by Washington as long as the main U.S. objective, to deny the Eastern Bloc strategic technology, was adhered to by SKF. The article also reveals the lack of policy coordination in the Swedish government, and the conflicts between the government and SKF regarding the responsibility for adhering to the embargo.

  • 316.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 20082008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Magnus Mörner, Can the "little war" in Finland in 1808 be fruitfully compared with the Spanish guerrilla?, The Finnish Case, The Spanish Case, Comparison
    • Fredrik Thisner, Det senfeodala resurssystemet och den agrara revolutionen, Några uppslag inför en studie av indelningsverket 1721-1833, Indelningsverket, Resurserna, Boställen, Naturalöner
    • Roland Persson, Det militära indelningsverket, Anpassning och problem under det stora nordiska kriget med särskild inriktning på det ständiga knektehållet
    • Kent Zetterberg, Riksdagen, MO och försvarets demokratisering 1914-1945, En studie i reformsträvanden och Militieombudsmannens (MO) verksamhet, Ett demokratiskt problem, Kungamakten, JO och MO, Revolutionära stämplingar, Stålhane och Branting, Axel Gyllenkrooks missfirmelse av underlydande, Ryttmästare Möllersvärd blir förbannad
    • Ashok Nath, 1857 - War of independence, Mutiny or what?, Problems of interpretation

    Recensioner

    • Terje Emberland & Bernt Rougthvedt, Det ariske idol: Forfatteren, eventyreren og nazisten Per Imerslund, anmälan av Lars Gyllenhaal
    • Lance E. Davis och Stanley L. Engerman, Naval Blockades in Peace and War, An Economic History since 1750, anmälan av Erik Lindberg
    • Frank Bøgh, Krigeren. KB. Martinsen, officer og landsforraeder, anmälan av Lars Gyllenhaal
    • Wilhelm Agrell, Maskerad front: Kalla krigets underrättelsehistoria, anmälan av Sam Nilsson
    • Lennart Samuelson, Tankograd: Den ryska hemmafrontens dolda historia 1917-1953, anmälan av Michael H Clemmesen

    Författare

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  • 317.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 2009-20102011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord

    Bidrag från Helsningborgskonferensen

    • Lars Ericson Wolke & Niels Bo Poulsen - Slaget vid Helsingborg – En Konferens
    • Michael Bergnsbo - Den store Nordiske Krig og det danske imperium 
    • Magnus Perlestam - Magnus Stenbocks reglemente – En granskning 
    • Lars Ericson Wolke - Mellan Poltava och Tönningen – Svenska operativa förutsättningar och resursmobiliseringen 1709–1713 
    • Björn Gäfvert - Helsingborg 1710 – De samtida kartorna över operationsområdet 
    • Kjeld Hald Galster - Forberedelse til krig – Dansk langtidsplanlægning med henblik på revanche mod Sverige 
    • Per Iko - Slaget vid Helsingborg den 28 februari 1710 Bilden av slaget: när – var – hur? 
    • Bo Knarrström - Examples from the dirt archive – Records of battlefield archaeology in Scania, Southern Sweden
    • Hanne Sanders - Helsingborg, lokalsamhället och de dansk-svenska krigen Skånelandskapen i krig och fred 
    • Jakob Seerup - Fra Kongelig Gunst til Professionel Merit – Søofficerersavancementer i 1700-tallet 
    • Kent Zetterberg - Slaget vid Helsingborg 1710 och Sveriges gradvisa övergång från stormakt till medelstor makt i Europa 
    • Lars Bangert Struwe - Nu eller aldrig – Dansk strategisk tankegang i 1700-tallet

    Övriga teman

    • Lars Ericson Wolke - Varför blev man Finlandsfrivillig 1939–1944? – En enkät ett halvt sekel senare 
    • Fredrik Eriksson - ”Krigsman skall frukta Gud och vara Konungen huld och trogen” – Historiebruk i svenska soldatinstruktioner under mellankrigstiden 
    • Angela Moran - ‘No country could remain neutral in the cold war’ – Neutrality in Europe during the Cold War 
    • Fredrik Thisner - Bortom det stora nordiska kriget: – Officerskarriärens ekonomiska anatomi i Sverige och Danmark-Norge, ca 1720–1800 
    • Piotr Wawrzeniuk - Fiende, allierad eller frände? Polska militära analyser av Finland under mellankrigstiden
    • Marco Wyss - A War-Profiteer or a Strategic Lightweight? Switzerland in American Aircraft Supply Priorities in the Emerging Cold War 
    • Hampus Östh Gustafsson - Friktionernas krig – Albrecht von Lantingshausen och landsättningen vid Lokalaks

    Recensioner

    • Michael H. Clemmesen. Den lange vej mod 9. april. Historien om de fyrre år för den tyske operation mod Norge og Danmark i 1940. anmälan av Lars Ericson Wolke
    • Jurgen Brauer och Hubert van Tuyll. Castles, Battles, & Bombs: How Economics Explains Military History. anmälan av Mikael Nilsson
    • Judith Butler. Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable?. anmälan av Mikael Nilsson

    Författare

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  • 318.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Neutralitetspolitikens fiasko under kalla kriget2009In: Internationella studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 2, p. 60-66Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 319.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Radiokommunikationsutvecklingens betydelse för mobiltelefonin: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 12 mars 20082008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 320.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Sambandssystem 9000 ur ett användarperspektiv: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 13 mars 20082008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Science as propaganda: Swedish scientists and the co-production of American hegemony in Sweden during the cold war, 1953-682012In: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 275-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes a close look at how the United States used the funding of scientific research in Sweden as a hegemonic and propaganda tool in the 1950s and 1960s. It shows that non-aligned Sweden functioned just as much as a node in the international science network set up by the Americans after the Second World War as did the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries. These funds were awarded mainly to an elite network of prominent Swedish scientists. The article sheds interesting light on the controversies of such funding in Sweden during the cold war and adds important knowledge about Swedish-American relations during the cold war. The article argues that this Swedish scientific elite co-produced US hegemony in Sweden by actively seeking out American military funding and by making use of it. It also argues that US funding was intended to portray the United States as an altruistic patron of science in the world and thus serve American propagandistic purposes as well.

  • 322.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    KTH.
    Staten och kapitalet: Betydelsen av det dynamiska samspelet mellan offentligt och privat för det svenska telekomundret : transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 18 mars 20082008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 323.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Svältkatastrof eller folkmord?: Miljoner dog i Ukraina – nya fakta om Sveriges roll2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 324.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    The editor and the CIA: Herbert Tingsten and the Congress for Cultural Freedom : a symbiotic relationship2011In: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 147-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the relations between perhaps Sweden's most influential publicist during the Cold War, the professor of political science and editor-in-chief of Sweden's largest daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter 1946-1959, Herbert Tingsten, and the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF), a CIA-sponsored organisation gathering the elite of the world's non-communist leftist intellectuals, Congress for Cultural Freedom and its Swedish sub-branch called 'Svenska kommitten for kulturens frihet' (SKfKF). Tingsten was a professor of political science at University of Stockholm from 1935 to 1946 and then editor-in-chief of Sweden's largest daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter from 1946 to 1959. It argues that parts of Tingsten's work both as an opinion maker and as a scholar was part of a symbiotic relationship with the CCF and the SKfKF. Tingsten was the foremost propagator for the 'end of ideology' thesis in Sweden and the article argues that this campaign was inspired by the CCF's advancement of this idea in the 1950s and 1960s. Tingsten was personally acquainted with several CCF intellectuals and he visited several of the CCF's conferences. The article also makes the case that Tingsten helped the CCF and the SKfKF's causes and furthered their agendas in a number of ways during his time as editor-in-chief of DN. For example, Tingsten allowed the SKfKF to use DN as a platform for presenting its ideas and programmes to a broader public. The article thus shows how the CCF network of intellectuals influenced opinion making in non-aligned Sweden.

  • 325.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Kungl. Tekniska högskolan.
    Tools of Hegemony: military technology and Swedish-American security relations 1945-19622007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 326.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    et al.
    KTH.
    Gribbe, Johan
    KTH.
    The Foreign Domestic: Hard Artefacts and Soft Politics in Sweden During the First Half of the Cold War, 1945-19672005In: Journal of the international committee for the history of technology, ICON, ISSN 1361-8113, Vol. 11, p. 51-62Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 327.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    et al.
    KTH.
    Stenlås, Niklas
    KTH.
    ColdWar Neutrality and Technological Dependence: Swedens's Military Technology and the East-West Trade2005In: East-West Trade and the Cold War / [ed] Jari Eloranta and Jari Ojala, Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä , 2005, p. 133-151Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 328. Nilsson, Sam
    Stalin's Baltic fleet and Palm's T-office: two sides in the emerging Cold War 1946-19472006Book (Other academic)
  • 329. Nilsson, Sam
    T-kontoret: underrättelsetjänst och västsamarbete2013Book (Other academic)
  • 330.
    Norbäck, Sara
    Swedish Defence University.
    Bland beduiner och balubas - mötet med den andre i FN:s tjänst: En komparativ studie av svenska FN-bataljoner i Kongo och Gaza år 1961-1963 och deras respektive skildringar av lokalbefolkningen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 331.
    Ohlsson, Andreas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Synen på agentoperationerna i Baltikum genom Thede Palms dagbok 1948–19572023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 332.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    A History of Air Warfare2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 333.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Air Commanders2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Air Commanders combines short military biographies and operational analyses to reveal how the personalities, attitudes, and life experiences of twelve outstanding U.S. airmen shaped the central air campaigns in American history. From Gen. Carl “Tooey” Spaatz, who began his career in World War I, to the recently retired Gen. T. Michael “Buzz” Moseley, the case studies illuminate the character of these airmen, the challenges they confronted in widely disparate armed conflicts, and the solutions that they crafted and implemented. Their achievements proved decisive not only in the campaigns they led, but also in shaping the U.S. Air Force and the dominant role of airpower in modern warfare. Air Commanders will be of interest to both general readers and students of military history—particularly those who wish to explore the use and development of airpower as a national instrument of force. With contributions from leading military experts and historians, this book demonstrates how personal qualities and leadership styles translate into battlespace outcomes.

  • 334.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    European Air Power: Challenges and Opportunities2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 335.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft). Norwegian Defence University College.
    Global Air Power2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What influences have shaped air power since human flight became a reality more than a hundred years ago? Global Air Power provides insight into the evolution of air power theory and practice by examining the experience of six of the world’s largest air forces—those of the United Kingdom, the United States, Israel, Russia, India, and China—and of representative smaller air forces in Pacific Asia, Latin America, and continental Europe. The chapters, written by highly regarded scholars and military leaders, explore how various nations have integrated air power into their armed forces and how they have applied air power in both regular and irregular warfare and in peacetime operations. They cover the organizational, professional, and doctrinal issues that air forces confronted in the past, the lessons learned from victory and defeat, and emerging challenges and opportunities. Further, Global Air Powersupplements the traditional military perspective with examinations of the ideological, economic, and cultural factors that give air forces their distinctive characters. Chapters show how the interplay among these internal factors, together with external challenges, determines the structure, role, and effectiveness of air forces. Together, these chapters illuminate universal trends as well as similarities and differences among the world’s air forces. Its combination of military history and sociopolitical analysis makes Global Air Power especially valuable to a broad range of historians, air power specialists, and general readers interested in national defense and international relations.

  • 336.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Norwegian Defence Command and Staff College, Oslo.
    John Warden and the Renaissance of American Air Power2007Book (Refereed)
  • 337.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Gray, ColinUniversity of Reading, UK.
    The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Practice of Strategy focuses on grand strategy and military strategy as practiced over an extended period of time and under very different circumstances, from the campaigns of Alexander the Great to insurgencies and counter-insurgencies in present-day Afghanistan and Iraq. It presents strategy as it pertained not only to wars, campaigns, and battles, but also to times of peace that were over-shadowed by the threat of war. The book is intended to deepen understanding of the phenomena and logic of strategy by reconstructing the considerations and factors that shaped imperial and nation-state policies.

    Through historical case studies, the book sheds light on a fundamental question: is there a unity to all strategic experience? Adopting the working definition of strategy as 'the art of winning by purposely matching ends, ways and means,' these chapters deal with the intrinsic nature of war and strategy and the characteristics of a particular strategy in a given conflict. They show that a specific convergence of political objectives, operational schemes of manoeuvre, tactical moves and countermoves, technological innovations and limitations, geographic settings, transient emotions and more made each conflict studied unique. Yet, despite the extraordinary variety of the people, circumstances, and motives discussed in this book, there is a strong case for continuity in the application of strategy from the olden days to the present. 

    Together, these chapters reveal that grand strategy and military strategy have elements of continuity and change, art and science. They further suggest that the element of continuity lies in the essential nature of strategy and war, while the element of change lies in the character of individual strategies and wars.

  • 338.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    et al.
    Norwegian Defence University College.
    van Creveld, MartinHebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.
    The Evolution of Operational Art: From Napoleon to the Present2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Broadly defined as the grey area between strategy and tactics, operational art spans the theory and practice of planning and conducting campaigns and major operations aimed at accomplishing strategic and operational objectives in a given theatre of operations. An intermediate link between strategy and tactics has always existed, but a distinct concept that encompasses a systematic and deliberate plan of campaign for major operations is a mere two hundred years old. 

    Based on country specific case-studies, this book describes how the concepts that underpin operational art originated, how they received practical expression in various campaigns, and how they developed over time. The point of departure is the campaigns of 'the God of War', Napoleon Bonaparte. The book then proceeds with chapters on the evolution of operational art in Prussia / Germany, the Soviet Union / Russia, the United Kingdom, United States, Israel, and China. The final chapter deals with the future of operational art in irregular warfare. 

    Theory is critical to refining and improving existing methods of applying operational warfare, and its importance cannot be overstated; however, to be useful, theory and its accompanying vocabulary must be combined with a proper examination of historical trends and practical experience. The present volume attempts to achieve that combination.

  • 339.
    Olsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University.
    Svensk underrättelseinhämtning och organisationskultur under 1939/1940: En studie av försvarsstabens fokus på sovjetisk styrkeuppbyggnad i Estland genom en kvalitativ text- och kulturanalys2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about a mapping of the Swedish Defense Staff's focus area for information gathering regarding the Soviet military capability, based on their military build-up in Estonia during the fall of 1939 and the spring of 1940. Relevance for this study is found in the research gap identified in previous research and intends to be able to produce a deeper understanding of the defense staff's view of the military-strategic significance of the Soviet Union's military build-up. This study also deals with the defense staff's need for information gathering and how they attacked and handled challenges. The material in this study consists of archives from the Defense Staff's intelligence department where documents have been analyzed through a qualitative text analysis using hermeneutics as a basis. The theoretical standpoint is based on a cultural analysis of military organizations, that is operationalized using two theoretical concepts. One is future orientation which measures the extent to which a military engages in future-oriented actions such as planning and investing in the future. The second is uncertainty avoidance and measures the extent to which a military relies on rules and procedures to reduce the unpredictability of future events. The conclusions drawn in this study shows that regarding the Soviet military capability the focus was primarily on studying the establishment of Soviet bases in Estonia, in particular the location of the bases. Observations and assessments were also carried out regarding its military strategic importance, such as a more favorable naval strategic position for the Red Fleet where the possibility of operations to certain areas of the Baltic Sea, including Sweden, seemed likely. The conclusion can also be drawn that, of all things, the attachés' continued intelligence gathering was of great importance to the Defense Staff. The interpretation of the material suggests that the defense staff had a culture with a high future orientation, and overall, also a high uncertainty avoidance.

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  • 340.
    Paglia, Eric
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    The Northward Course of the Anthropocene: Transformation, Temporality and Telecoupling in a Time of Environmental Crisis2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic—warming at twice the rate of the rest of the planet—is a source of striking imagery of amplified environmental change in our time, and has come to serve as a spatial setting for climate crisis discourse. The recent alterations in the Arctic environment have also been perceived by some observers as an opportunity to expand economic exploitation. Heightened geopolitical interest in the region and its resources, contradicted by calls for the protection of fragile Far North ecosystems, has rendered the Arctic an arena for negotiating human interactions with nature, and for reflecting upon the planetary risks and possibilities associated with the advent and expansion of the Anthropocene—the proposed new epoch in Earth history in which humankind is said to have gained geological agency and become the dominant force over the Earth system. With the Arctic serving as a nexus of crosscutting analytical themes spanning contemporary history (the late twentieth and the early twenty-first century until 2015), this dissertation examines defining characteristics of the Anthropocene and how the concept, which emerged from the Earth system science community, impacts ideas and assumptions in historiography, social sciences and the environmental humanities, including the fields of environmental history, crisis management and security studies, political geography, and science and technology studies (STS). The primary areas of empirical analysis and theoretical investigation encompass constructivist perspectives and temporal conceptions of environmental and climate crisis; the role of science and expertise in performing politics and shaping social discourse; the geopolitical significance of telecoupling—a concept that reflects the interconnectedness of the Anthropocene and supports stakeholder claims across wide spatial scales; and implications of the recent transformation in humankind’s long duration relationship with the natural world. Several dissertation themes were observed in practice at the international science community of Ny-Ålesund on Svalbard, where global change is made visible through a concentration of scientific activity. Ny-Ålesund is furthermore a place of geopolitics, where extra-regional states attempt to enhance their legitimacy as Arctic stakeholders through the performance of scientific research undertakings, participation in governance institutions, and by establishing a physical presence in the Far North. This dissertation concludes that this small and remote community represents an Anthropocene node of global environmental change, Earth system science, emergent global governance, geopolitics, and stakeholder construction in an increasingly telecoupled world.

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  • 341.
    Paglia, Eric
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    The Telecoupled ArcticManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Palmstierna, Nils
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19671967Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Börje Furtenbachs författarskap, 
    • Thede Palm, Före slaget vid Hastings, Källor, Litteratur, Historien, 
    • Jonas Hedberg, Slaget vid Nowodwor, Carl X Gustaf, Gustaf Otto Stenbock, Källor, Litteratur, Händelseutvecklingen inför och under slaget, Segernamnet Nowodwor, 
    • Carl Herlitz, Några anteckningar rörande det svenska luftvärnet före 1928, Litteraturen under 10-talet, I utredningar och försvarsbeslut, Försök och övningar, 
    • Herman Müllern, Det tyska kustartilleriförsvaret i Norge 1940-1945, Utvecklingen år för år, Teorier och praktik, 
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  • 343.
    Palmstierna, Nils
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19681968Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Arne Stade, Carl X Gustafs brev till drottning Hedvig Eleonora, 
    • Magnus Hammar, Etthundra år brittisk maritim strategi 1867-1967, Från Colomb till Wilson, det anti-imperialistiska imperiet, The blue water school, Mahans strategi, Första världskriget, Orolig mellanakt och det andra kriget, Samvälde i upplösning, 
    • Arvid Cronenberg, Värnpliktens vänner och lantmannapartiet, Föreningens organisation och utveckling, 
    • Thede Palm, Från borggårdskrisens tid, Några anteckningar av general J Åkerman, Karl Staaff, Gustav V, Axel Brusewitz, 
    • K J Mikola, Finlands försvarsmakt 50 år, Förutsättningarna för försvarsmaktens uppsättande, Frihetskriget, Arméns organisation, Täckgrupps och territorialorganisation, Under andra världskriget, Utveckling efter krigen, 
    • Gunnar Barke, ”De sejlede Vandet tyndt i Øresund”, Danmark 1940, Routerna mellan Danmark och Sverige, Illegala flyktvägar, Svenska myndigheter, Förhandlingspolitikens sammanbrott, Samarbete med svenska myndigheter, Finansiering, 
    • Börje Furtenbach, Historik över Sveriges militära beredskap 1939-1945, SUAV projektet, Försvarsstabens krigshistoriska avdelning
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  • 344.
    Persson, Swen
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 1992/931992Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Jens Rydström, Tidens krav, Om militär professionalism i Sverige och Ryssland 1884-1914, Begreppets innebörd, Period I 1884-1891, Svenskt respektive ryskt perspektiv, II 1892-1900, De olika perspektiven, III 1901-1907, De olika perspektiven, IV 1908-1914, De olika perspektiven,
    • Gustaf Adolf Wollin, Svensk-fransk samverkan under sekler, Medeltid och stormaktstid, Ludvig XIV, Spanska Polska och Österrikiska tronföljdskriget,  Royal Suédois, Sjuåriga kriget 1756-63, Nordamerikanska frihetskriget, Västindien, Amerika.
    • Roger Kempainen, Luftvärnet i fredsorganisationen, Perioden 1928-1936, Perioden 1937-1948, Perioden 1949-1960, Perioden 1961-1970,
    • Peter Wretman, Luftvärnsrobot 68, Historisk återblick, Utredningar, Studier,
    • Göran Rosenblad, Svensk FN-trupp och folkrätten, Bakgrund, Utgångsvärden, Konfliktsituationer, Typfall, Utbildning och rekrytering, Pressdebatt

     

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  • 345.
    Rentrop, Johan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Kulsprutor, haubitsar och en äkta ryttaranda: Svenska taktiska lärdomar och iakttagelser från det rysk-japanska kriget 1904ー19052023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to many historians, the Russo-Japanese War 1904ー1905 was considered to be the first war fought between two equal industrialized powers. The war attracted much attention from the major powers in the world due in part to the use of many new military innovations and technologies, especially on the tactical level. In Sweden, lessons observed from the naval war came to heavily influence the debate regarding the armament of the Swedish Naval Defence. However, barely any previous research has sought to analyze what tactical lessons the Swedish Army learned from the war. The purpose of this study is therefore to analyze what tactical lessons Sweden learned from the Russo-Japanese War 1904ー1905. The research questions presented in this study are: What lessons did the Swedish Army identify from the war relating to the three main arms of the Army: the infantry, the artillery and the cavalry? Which pitfalls occurred during the learning process? To what extent were the lessons implemented? The theoretical framework for this essay is based on Brent Sterling’s theory regarding recurring pitfalls when learning from foreign wars. To identify the lessons learned from the Russo-Japanese War, articles published in the journal of The Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences during and after the war have been analyzed, as well as a compendium published by the Swedish General Staff. The methodology used to analyze the source material is a qualitative text analysis with a hermeneutical approach. The results from the study show that many different lessons from the war relating to the three arms were identified. Among these were the impressive effectiveness of the machine gun, the devastating indirect fire wrought by howitzers and the importance of correctly utilizing the cavalry. However, multiple pitfalls also occurred during the learning process relating to the all three arms as well. Lessons learned from the war also paved the way for the implementation of the machine gun and the howitzer in the Swedish Army. 

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  • 346.
    Richardsson, John
    Swedish Defence University.
    Pape, Warden och Sexdagarskriget2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the Six-day war, Israel unexpectedly defeated four enemies and emerged victorious in only six days. This study attempts to examine how this was accomplished and the extent to which Sweden, also a small state, might be able to apply the lessons learned from Israel’s use of air power. To this end, the present study’s analysis draws on the theoretical perspectives of two widely known and acknowledged air power scholars, Robert A. Pape and John A. Warden. Their respective theories ”Coercion by Denial” and ”The Enemy as a System” on the use of air power seem in important ways to be in opposition to one another. However, study findings indicate that Israel combined elements from both approaches and neither theory can alone provide sufficient guidance for a small state. Therefore, the two theoretical perspectives were found to be complementary, where drawing on certain key dimensions of each could be the most favourable for a small state such as Sweden. In particular, the results of the analysis underline the importance of achieving air superiority. This study concludes that the uniqueness of each nation’s strategic context indicates the potential need for new theoretical insights, better tailored for small states. 

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  • 347.
    Roberts, Peder
    et al.
    Division of History of Science, Technology and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology,Stockholm,Sweden.
    Paglia, Eric
    Division of History of Science, Technology and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology,Stockholm,Sweden.
    Science as national belonging: the construction of Svalbard as a Norwegian space2016In: Social Studies of Science, ISSN 0306-3127, E-ISSN 1460-3659, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 894-911Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how science has been employed to establish, maintain, and contest senses of belonging on Svalbard, an Arctic archipelago administered by Norway since 1925 under an international treaty. Our central argument is that the process of constructing Svalbard as a space belonging to Norway has long been intertwined with the processes of describing and representing the archipelago and that participating in those processes has also permitted other states to articulate their own narratives of belonging – on Svalbard in particular and in the Arctic more generally. We deploy the concept of belonging to capture a sense of legitimate presence and stakeholdership that we do not believe can be adequately captured by narrow concepts of sovereignty. Norway’s historic and current use of science validates (and even naturalizes) its rule over Svalbard. At the same time, other states use science on Svalbard to articulate geopolitical scripts that portray them as stakeholders in an Arctic that is of transregional relevance due to the effects of climate change.

  • 348.
    Roth, Thomas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Den svenska krigsmakten under kalla kriget: krigsplanläggning, förband och beredskap2014 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 349. Roth, Thomas
    Försvaret av Stockholm under kalla kriget: planerna, organisationen och hotbilden mot Sveriges huvudstad2013Book (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Rydeberg, Göran
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Thisner, FredrikSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.Åselius, GunnarSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 20072007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Hervé Coutau-Bégarie, Om svensk militärvetenskaplig forskning, En mödosam början, Utländska influenser, Institutionalisering av det militära tänkandet, ”La Belle Epoque”, Nutida tänkande
    • Ashok Nath, Martial Race Theory in the South Asian Context, Jat Sikhs induction as a martial race, Conclusion
    • Esbjörn Larsson, Karriärist eller hetsporre?, En studie av svenska officerare i utrikes krigstjänst under 1800-talets andra hälft, Krigserfarenhetens betydelse, Forna kadetter i utrikes tjänst, En språngbräda, Utrikes karriär, Äventyr
    • Kaj Björk, Jung och Vougt, Överbefälhavare och försvarminister, På kollisionskurs
    • Lars Ericson Wolke, Svenska militärhistoriska kommissionen under år 2007

    Recensioner

    • Williamson Murray and Richard Hart Sinnreich (red.), The Past as Prologue. The Importance of History to the Military Profession, anmälan av Lars Wedin och av Michael Hesselholt Clemmesen
    • Azar Gat, War in Human Civilization. anmälan av Lars Wedin
    • Rolf Hobson, Krig og strategisk tenkning i Europa 1500-1945, anmälan av Gunnar Åselius
    • Mirkka Lappalainen, Släkten - Makten - Staten. Familjen Creutz i 1600-talets Sverige, anmälan av Lars Ericson Wolke
    • Peter From, Katastrofen vid Poltava, anmälan av Lars Ericson Wolke
    • Christopher Collstedt, Duellanten och rättvisan. Duellbrott och synen på manlighet i stormaktstidens slutskede, anmälan av Göran Rydeberg
    • David Bell, The First Total War: Napoleon´s Europe and the Birth of Warfare as we Know it, anmälan av Gunnar Åselius
    • Martin Hårdstedt, Finska kriget 1808-1809, anmälan av Olof Santesson
    • Eva Helen Ulvros, Oscar I En biografi, anmälan av Göran Rydeberg
    • Dare Wilson, Tempting the Fates. A Memoir of Service in the Second World War, Palestine, Korea, Kenya and Aden, anmälan av Lars Wedin
    • Ted Morgan, My Battle of Algiers: A Memoir, anmälan av Urban Schöön
    • Peter Handberg, Undergångens skuggor, Missiler och Möten, anmälan av Fredrik Thisner
    • Robert Dalsjö, Life-Line Lost: The Rise and Fall of 'Neutral' Sweden's Secret Reserve Option of Wartime Help from the West, anmälan av Jerker Widen

    Författare

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