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  • 301.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Försvarsberedningens dilemma: Konsekvens eller konsensus?2015In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, Vol. 2, p. 6-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the Swedish parliamentary body responsible for conducting analysis on global developments and preparing the formulation of Swedish security and defence policy, försvarsberedningen (English: The Defence Committee), is explored. The aim of the article is to evaluate whether or not the functioning of the Committee in fulfilling these two tasks influences the political guidance of the Armed Forces in terms of strategy. The conclusion referring to the former task is that the Committee lacks a methodology and hence tends to have difficulties in predicting important events such as the Russian interventions in Georgia and Ukraine. The conclusion referring to the latter task is that the Committee has been successful in establishing a consensus amongst the political parties represented in the Swedish parliament, riksdagen. Even if this consensus has been weak, it has been broad enough to reach a parliamentary majority supporting the policy despite long periods of minority cabinets. Altogether, the performance of the Committee provides no support in directing the Armed Forces with strategies.

  • 302.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Gömd eller glömd?: realism i den svenska riksdagsdebatten2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 529-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hidden or Forgotten? – Realism in the Swedish Parliamentary DebateThe spoken word of politicians creates expectations for subsequent action. Thelanguage used when formulating security, foreign and defense policies can thusprovide an indication what measures the politicians are prepared to take in orderto promote their national interests. In international relations theory the use offorce is primarily associated with realism. The use of realist concepts in the politicalcommunication could thus serve as an indicator of the politicians’ views on the useof force. In this article the use of realism in the parliamentary debate in Sweden isexplored. The findings indicate differences between the political parties as well asbetween the topics of the debate.

  • 303.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Introduction to a strategic challenge2009In: Approaching Comprehensiveness: Two grand strategic options and some of their consequences / [ed] Håkan Edström, Oslo: Institutt for Forsvarsstudier , 2009, p. 5-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Med alla till buds stående metoder?: Strategi i den politiska styrningen av Försvarsmakten2015In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, Vol. 1, p. 15-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Members of all political parties represented in the Swedish Parliament have during the past decades repeatedly stressed the necessity of directing military activities by using strategies. When focus in now shifting from participating in international military operations far from Sweden to addressing security challenges in Sweden's neighbourhood the needs for a new military strategy is obvious. The aim of this article is to explore whether potential shortcomings in the decisionsmaking process regarding the Swedish security and defence policy can explain why the Government does not seem to guide the Armed Forces with strategies.

  • 305.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    National interests and the use of military power2009In: Approaching Comprehensiveness: Two grand strategic options and some of their consequences / [ed] Håkan Edström, Oslo: Institutt for Forsvarsstudier , 2009, p. 41-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 306.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Other aspects of the strategic choice: an initial outlook2009In: Approaching Comprehensiveness: Two grand strategic options and some of their consequences / [ed] Håkan Edström, Oslo: Institutt for Forsvarsstudier , 2009, p. 127-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Sammanfattning och förslag till fortsättning2008In: Norsk-svenskt försvarssamarbete i en ny tid / [ed] Håkan Edström & Magnus Petersson, Oslo: Institutt for forsvarsstudier , 2008, p. 117-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 308.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört). Forsvarets høgskole, Oslo, Norway.
    Självbild, samhälleliga förväntningar eller statligt tvång?2009In: Krigerkultur i en fredsnasjon: norsk militær profesjon i endring / [ed] Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde, Janne Haaland Matlary, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2009, p. 72-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 309.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Slutord2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 643-645Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Stat, Säkerhet, Trygghet, Värden och Intressen2008In: Norsk-svenskt försvarssamarbete i en ny tid / [ed] Håkan Edström & Magnus Petersson, Oslo: Institutt for Forsvarsstudier , 2008, p. 43-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Statsvetenskap och krig: forskning i en osäker tid2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 312.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL).
    Strategic Culture and Decision Making in Sweden2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 313.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Strategic Developments in the Global Context2007In: International Trends Analysis - Yearbook 2007: With an Introduction to the ART-model / [ed] Håkan Edström & Åke Wiss, Stockholm: Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut (FOI) , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 314.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Strategic interaction in international operations2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    The ART-model and the new strategic settings2007In: International Trends Analysis - Yearbook 2007: With an Introduction to the ART-model / [ed] Håkan Edström & Åke Wiss, Stockholm: Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut (FOI) , 2007, p. 11-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 316.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    The Nordic Countries and International Interventions2013In: Conference Proceedings: Nordic Foreign and Security Policies 26 November 2013, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Tradition eller förnyelse?: Svensk utrikespolitik efter EU-medlemskapet2017 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 318.
    Edström, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Utbildning till varje pris?: monopol kontra marknadsprinciper när officersyrket akademiseras2014In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 66-80Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    How efficient is the academic education of military officers at the Swedish National Defence College (SNDC)? Since War Studies and Military Technology are represented at no other Swedish University, it is challenging when comparing them with other subjects in this regard.Another challenge is how to measure efficiency in academic education. In this article the two subjects are compared with the most similar subject at the SNDC; Political Science. Themethod applied is quite simple. By using similar statistics and approach as the Swedish Higher Education Authority (Universitetskanskerämbetet – UKÄ) uses when comparing theefficiency of different Swedish universities, the subjects are compared in terms of full-time equivalent students per full-time equivalent staff members. The result of the comparison is depressing. If War Studies and Military Technology are to be as efficient as Political Science,the number of full-time equivalent students in the two former subjects has to be increasedfrom about 250 to about 1,450. Another option is to decrease the number of full- time equivalent staff members from about 125 to only 25. Even if the efficiency of the two military subjects does not necessarily have to be exactly on the same level as the efficiency of PoliticalScience, the result of this study indicates that something has to be done in order to increase the standards of War Studies and Military Technology.

  • 319.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Ellström, Carin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Mohlin, Marcus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Oltorp, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Militärstrategiskt samarbete: Finland lösningen... eller problemet?2016In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 108-121Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 320.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University.
    A Scandinavian Approach to the Use of Military Force?2014In: Alike or Different? : Scandinavian approaches to Military Interventions / [ed] Håkan Edström & Dennis Gyllensporre, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2014, p. 196-211Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 321.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, DennisSwedish Defence University.
    Alike or Different?: Scandinavan Approaches to Military Interventions2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite their different experiences during the Second World War Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden are often looked upon as similar Scandinavian welfare states in many ways. However, their approach to the European Union and Nato in matters of security and defence politics, differs and this indicates that they might not be that similar after all. On the other hand they have all been active contributors to the efforts of conflict management by the international community. Providing military units to peace support operations all over the globe is consequently yet another similarity. In this book the strategic decision making procedures of the four states are explored and compared. The question whether the states are alike or different regarding the use of military force is hence in focus.

  • 322.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section. Uppsala universitet.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Uppsala universitet.
    Cooperating with the European Union in Europe: Policy or Strategy?2012In: Pursuing Strategy: NATO Operations from the Gulf War to Gaddafi, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 323.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Uppsala universitet.
    From Strategy to Operations: or the other way around?2012In: Pursuing Strategy: NATO Operations from the Gulf War to Gaddafi / [ed] Håkan Edström & Dennis Gyllensporre, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 324.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    In Pursuit of a UN Military Strategy: Peace Keeping Operations (PKO): A Battle Between Diplomats and Generals?2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 325.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University.
    Minding the gap between words and deeds: Towards a new EU strategy on security2015In: European Foreign Affairs Review, ISSN 1384-6299, E-ISSN 1875-8223, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 3-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article revisits the twenty-three Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP)-missions launched before the economic crisis hit the EU and its Member States to generate conclusions that could assist in the strategy process in Brussels. Six questions anchored in the field of Strategic Studies are operationalized in an analytical framework. Extant EU policies are utilized to identify plausible answers. The analysis suggests that the EU must close the gap between words and deeds to become a more credible actor. It would help the EU to operationalize its ambitions by exploiting its broad portfolio of policy options and to vanguard the post-modern society in crisis management.

  • 326.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University.
    Minority Cabinets and Military Interventions: The Case of Sweden2014In: Alike or Different?: Scandinavian approaches to Military Interventions / [ed] Håkan Edström & Dennis Gyllensporre, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2014, p. 157-195Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 327.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University.
    Observing War – Keeping Peace?: Unpacking the Military Strategy of UN Non-Force Missions2014In: Journal of International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1875-4104, E-ISSN 1875-4112, Vol. 18, no 3-4, p. 290-317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to increase the understanding on the strategic logic behind the un-led military non-force missions. Six out of 25 missions are evaluated to determine how strategy is elaborated within the un-system. The cases include observer missions, liaison missions and advisory missions. The analysis illuminates the interaction between the political and military strategic levels as well as the strategic awareness displayed by the un regarding non-force missions. Also the potential added value of non-force missions in peacekeeping is discussed. The authors conclude that there is an imbalance between the strategic preferences of the unsc and the unsg. The strategic awareness as well as the mission character is shown to differ between types of non-force missions. Their purpose seems to be keeping peace by observing war. It is up to the unsc and the unsg to judge whether passive oversight of the ongoing crisis is sufficient or if more active measures are justified.

  • 328.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section. Uppsala universitet.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Uppsala universitet.
    Painting the Theoretical Landscape2012In: Pursuing Strategy: NATO Operations from the Gulf War to Gaddafi / [ed] Håkan Edström & Dennis Gyllensporre, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 329.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Political Aspirations and Perils of Security: Unpacking the Military Strategy of the United Nations2013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Formulating a military strategy is a complex interaction between politicians, strategic commanders and generals. Formulating such a strategy within a multinational organization is even more complex. In this book, Edström and Gyllensporre explore a range of case studies, based on UN documents, and individually analyse their de facto military strategy in terms of ends, ways, means, and the interaction between the political strategic level (UN Security Council) and the military strategic level (UN Secretary General). Some 100,000 UN soldiers deployed all over the world not only deserve but need to be properly directed. Military strategy is hence a necessity, not an option. Moreover the military strategy should be percieved as a complementary effort to a robust integrated mission concept, including other instruments than the military.

  • 330.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section. Uppsala universitet.
    Gyllensporre, DennisUppsala universitet.
    Pursuing Strategy: NATO Operations from the Gulf War to Gaddafi2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 331.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University.
    Svensk försvarsdoktrin efter kalla kriget: förlorade decennier eller vunna insikter?2014Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att utforma en försvarsdoktrin betyder att inom en given ekonomisk ram balansera förmågan att hantera hot och risker som ligger nära i tiden med behovet av att skapa långsiktig handlingsfrihet genom att utveckla kapacitet mot möjliga framtida hot och risker. Trots att flera argumenterat för vikten av balans finns få exempel på hur detta realiseras. Denna bok förklarar utvecklingen av svensk försvarsdoktrin sedan kalla krigets slut, och stödjer sig främst på officiella tryck från de politiska beslutsprocesserna.

  • 332.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University.
    The Making of Strategy in Scandinavia2014In: Alike or Different?: Scandinavian approaches to Military Interventions / [ed] Håkan Edström & Dennis Gyllensporre, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2014, p. 14-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 333.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University.
    The Organizational Procedures2014In: Alike or Different?: Scandinavian approaches to Military Interventions / [ed] Håkan Edström & Dennis Gyllensporre, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2014, p. 36-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 334.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Military strategy of small states: Responding to External Shocks of the 21st Century2018Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using primary sources from four Nordic countries, (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden), this volume explores how small states have adjusted their military strategies in response to external shocks of the 21st century. The 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Russian interventions in Georgia and Ukraine, and the rise of the Islamic State have all forced the Nordic states to adopt new strategies. While the responses have not been uniform, their differing relations to the EU and NATO have not prevented these countries from behaving similarly in military affairs. Limitations in military capacity has led all four countries to pursue strategies that include cooperation with more resourceful partners. It is necessary for them to cooperate with others to protect and promote their national interests. Moreover, the Nordic cosmopolitan outlook expresses milieu-shaping ambitions that we generally would not expect small states to pursue against a potential great power aggressor.

    This book will be of much interest to students of military strategy, defense studies, security studies, and international relations.

  • 335.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Josefsson, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Försvaret av Sverige: vem kan leda operationer... och vem bör?2016In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 1, p. 67-86Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 336.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Lunde, Nils Terje
    Forsvareti kryssild: Konklusjoner og utblikk2010In: Uniformitet eller Mangfold?: norsk militærprofesjon i endring / [ed] Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde, Janne Haaland Matlary, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2010, p. 328-355Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 337.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Lunde, Nils Terje
    Teoretiskeog metodiske utgangspunkter2010In: Uniformitet eller Mangfold?: norsk militærprofesjon i endring / [ed] Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde, Janne Haaland Matlary, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2010, p. 30-68Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 338.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Lunde, Nils Terje
    Haaland Matlary, Janne
    Mangfold som utfordring i Forsvaret2010In: Uniformitet eller Mangfold? / [ed] Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde & Janne Haaland Matlary, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2010, p. 15-29Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 339.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört). Uppsala universitet.
    Petersson, Magnus
    Institutt for Forsvarsstudier.
    Akademisering på avvägar?: Utbildning och forskning i krigsvetenskap vid Försvarshögskolan2013In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 37-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 340.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Petersson, Magnus
    Institutt for Forsvarsstudier, Norge.
    Slutreplik: Seniorprofessorer på avvägar!2014In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 33-36Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In an article in this journal (2:2013) we identified several important shortcomings of War Studies at the Swedish National Defence College (SNDC) during the period of 2007–2012.In this article, we conclude that the authors of a responding article (4:2013), Senior Professors Stefan Axberg and Berndt Brehmer not only continue to focus on irrelevant aspects of asubject outside their expertise, but also neglect to recognize their own responsibility regarding the causes of the shortcomings. Furthermore, we find that their recommendations are incommensurable with the view presented by the Swedish Armed Forces and the current development of War Studies at the SNDC.

  • 341.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Between the Eagle and the Bear: Explaining the Alignment Strategies of the Nordic Countries in the 21th Century2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    The Defence Strategies of Middle Powers: Competing for security, influence and status in an era of unipolar demise2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    Ydstebø, Palle
    Forsvarets stabsskole, Norge.
    Mot en strategisk renessanse?2011In: Militærstrategi på norsk: en innføring / [ed] Håkan Edström & Palle Ydstebø, Oslo: Abstrakt forlag, 2011, p. 15-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 344.
    Egnell, Robert
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Between reluctance and necessity: the utility of military force in humanitarian and development operations2009Report (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Egnell, Robert
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Between reluctance and necessity: the utility of military force in humanitarian and development operations2008In: Small Wars & Insurgencies, ISSN 0959-2318, E-ISSN 1743-9558, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 397-422Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The civil-military interface in peace support operations is changing due to increasingly overlapping tasks, increased military involvement in humanitarian activities, and increased integration of all involved actors, not least through various current strategic concepts. This article not only describes these trends, but also, more importantly, analyses certain consequences in terms of mission effectiveness. The focus of the analysis is the ideas of 'militarisation of humanitarian aid' and the reverse 'humanitarianisation of the military'. The main arguments of this contribution are that the assumptions of increased effectiveness stemming from civil-military integration cannot be taken for granted and that there are harmful consequences stemming from blurring the lines between civilian, humanitarian and military actors. There is, in other words, a need to better specify and explain the causal mechanisms that lead to effectiveness in complex peace support operations.

  • 346.
    Egnell, Robert
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Civil-Military Aspects of Effectiveness in Peace Support Operations2009In: The Transformation of the World of Warfare and Peace Support Operations / [ed] Kobi Michael & David Kellen & Eyal Ben-Ari, Westport, Conn: Praeger Security International , 2009, p. 122-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 347.
    Egnell, Robert
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Civil-Military Cooperation in Response to a Complex Emergency: Just Another Drill?2010In: International Sociology, ISSN 0268-5809, E-ISSN 1461-7242, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 739-742Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Egnell, Robert
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Complex peace operations and civil-military relations: winning the peace2009Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores the impact of different civil-military structures on operational effectiveness in complex peace operations. Recent operations in Iraq, Afghanistan and Somalia are examples of grand failures to enforce peace and to promote democracy and development through international interventions. A missing variable in analyses of these conflicts hitherto has been the nature of the civil-military interface and its impact. The principal argument of this book is that the civil-military interface should ideally be integrated within the interagency arena as well as within the defence ministry. Such integration has the potential to provide joint civil-military planning and comprehensive approaches to operations. It also creates mutual trust and understanding amongst officers and civil servants from different departments, agencies and units, and thereby, a co-operative interagency culture. For the civil-military interface to function effectively within the chain of command during operations, a co-operative culture of trust is essential. Crucially, structurally and culturally integrated civil-military structures are likely to provide a more balanced view of the functional imperative of the armed forces. The results are armed forces fit for whatever purpose the political leadership decides for them - including complex peace support operations. Empirically, the book applies the theoretical framework to a comparative study of US and British patterns of civil-military relations, their strategic cultures and their operations in Iraq. This book will be of much interest to students of peace operations, civil-military relations, humanitarian intervention, and security studies/IR in general. Robert Egnell is a lecturer in War Studies at the Swedish National Defence College and a senior researcher at the Swedish Defence Research Agency. He was awarded the 2008 Kenneth N. Waltz Dissertation Prize for the best thesis in the field of international security.

  • 349.
    Egnell, Robert
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum. Georgetown University.
    Conclusion: Lessons and consequences of Operation Unified Protector2013In: The NATO Intervention in Libya: Lessons Learned from the Campaign / [ed] Kjell Engelbrekt, Marcus Mohlin, Charlotte Wagnsson, Abingdon: Routledge, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 350.
    Egnell, Robert
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), ISSL Directorate.
    Feministisk utrikespolitik i teori och praktik2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 563-587Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the article is to study the intellectual background and practicalimplementation of the so called ”feminist foreign policy” of Sweden since thegeneral election in 2014. Where did it come from and what sort of policies does itinvolve? The article thereby covers the description and analysis of a number of policyprogrammes, as well as an early analysis and discussion of their consequences,using strategic theory as a framework for analysis. The article finds that there isplenty of continuity in the feminist stance, but that the announcement of a feministforeign policy has added both emphasis and new implementation programmesand approaches. The biggest difference might however be in the external interpretationof Swedish foreign policy, indicating that feminism may be a much sharperinstrument, and of greater impact, than anticipated in policy circles.

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