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  • 251.
    Iko, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    From non-alignment into alliance: Sweden’s unofficial participation in the United Nations Command2012In: Past through Present: Thoughts on Military History at the Strategic, Operational and Tactical Levels of War / [ed] Raugh, Harold E., Wien, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 252.
    Iko, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Not Neutral, But Rather Close to War: Sweden in the 19th Century2014In: Nations at War: Why do Nations Participate in Wars, and Why Not?: 13th Annual Conference of the PfPC Conflict Studies Working Group / [ed] Dr. Harold E. Raugh, Jr.; Dr. Jordan Baev, Sofia: G.S. Rakovski National Defense Academy , 2014, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 253.
    Iko, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Slaget vid Helsingborg den 28 februari 1710: Bilden av slaget: när – var – hur?2011In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2009-2010, p. 107-118Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 254.
    Iko, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Sveriges hemliga hjälp till Finland2015In: Militär Historia, ISSN 2000-3471, no 4, p. 30-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nära 200 flygplan för finsk räkning monterades eller mellanlandade i Sverige under vinterkriget. Operationerna skedde i hemlighet och innebar att den svenska regeringen kringgick exportförbudet för krigsmateriel.

  • 255.
    Johansson, Bertil
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorik Tidskrift 1982: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19821982Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Birgitta Genberg Härner, Soldaterna i Dalupproret, Ett bidrag till den indelte soldatens levnadsförhållanden under 1700-talet, 
    • Gunnar Artéus, The military leadership of Gustavus III, The Russo-Swedish war 1788-1790, The Swedish monarch, 
    • Knud J V Jespersen, Recovery from disaster, The reconstruction of the Danish army after the Dano-Prussian war of 1864, The state of Danish security after 1864, Impact on the military system, 
    • Don Schurman, Mahan revisited, Alfred Mahans works, Purpose, View and reality of the British, 
    • Leif Törnquist, Kvinnornas uppbåd 1914-1921, En samverkansorganisation I frivilligförsvarets tidigare år, kvinnorna och samhället, Uppbådet, Ändamål och uppgifter, Verksamheten, De ledande kvinnorna, 
    • Arvid Cronenberg, Neutralitetsvakt eller självständighetsförsvar?, Till frågan om de säkerhetspolitiska och strategiska föreställningar som knöts till 1925 års härordningsbeslut, Skulden?, Jämkningar, Riskprincipen, Det ryska hotet, Neutralitetsförsvar, NF, Säkerhetsvakt, 
    • Gerke Teitler, Some aspects of Dutch naval-strategic thinking 1945-1955, From the East-Indies to NATO, Army versus Navy, The russian threat, 
    • Ingegerd Bauder, Militarismen i Latinamerika, Landbeskrivning, Spanskt och portugisiskt välde, Frihetskrigen, Caudillos, Militarismen, Diktaturer, USAs roll
  • 256.
    Johansson, Bertil
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 1979: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19791979Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Mats Bergquist, Vad kan säkerhetspolitike(r)n lära av krigshistorien?, Varför började krigen, Krigens förlopp och varaktighet, Krigföring teknologi och logistik, Lokalisering, Faktorer, Konsekvenser, 
    • Jürgen Förster, Hitler´s war aims against the Sovjet Union and the German military leaders, The fixed intention to attack, The means end stratagem, Lebensraum, Partial identity of aims, 
    • Bo Huldt, The armed forces and decolonization, Some observations, The role of the metropolitan armed forces, International forces, Postcolonial development, 
  • 257.
    Johansson, Bertil
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 1980: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19801980Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Lars Tersmeden, Carl X Gustafs strategi i kriget mot Polen 1655, Det militärpolitiska läget, Livland-Litauen, Operation Preussen, Operation Kraków, 
    • Klaus-Richard Böhme, AB Aerotransport Junkers och flygvapnet, Carl Florman, Svenska lufttrafikaktiebolaget, Planerade och fungerade rutter, Junkers ekonomiska inflytande, Civila plan i krigstid, 
    • Hans Holmén, Teknisk triumf – strategiskt misslyckande, Historiska och skönlitterära framställningar om jakten på slagskeppet Bismarck den 18-27 maj 1941, Händelseförloppet, Historiska och strategiska utgångspunkter, Den tyska eskadern lokaliseras, Sänkningen av Hood, Roderskadan, Mot Frankrike,
    • John E Jessup, Genesis of involvement, The Vietnam model, 1873, Viet Mihn, Dien Bien Phu, The Republic of Vietnam, Diems death and the Kennedy assassination, 
  • 258.
    Johansson, Bertil
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 1981: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19811981Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Knud J V Jespersen, Det 16. århundredes militære revolution og det danske adelsrytteri, En sammenlignende analyse, Den militaære udvikling ved overgangen mellem middelalder og nyere tid, Rostjenesteorganisationen, Samfunds og magtstruktur, 
    • Göran Göransson, Speglar den indelte knektens förhållanden omvandlingen i 1800-talets svenska samhälle, Agrarsamhällets omvandling, Livkompaniet, Familjeförhållanden, Soldaten i samhället, 
    • Leif Stjerna, Utvecklingen av ubåtsvapen och ubåtskrigföring i Tyskland 1935-1939, Öppet men begränsat ubåtsbyggande, Överenskommelserna med England, Z-planen, Politisk militärteoretisk organisatorisk psykologisk utveckling, 
    • Sven Scheiderbauer, Uppbyggnaden av flyvapnets första radarsystem 1944-1953, Radarns historia, Tysk Engelsk Amerikansk utveckling, ER3, Spaningsradar, Konsekvenser, Motmedel, 
    • Jussi T Lappalainen, Varför led Röda Gardet i Finland nederlag, Trupper och försörjning, Organisation, Krigskonst, 
    • Gunnar Arteus, Ulf Olsson, Kerstin Strömberg-Back, The influence of the armed forces on the transformations of society in Sweden 1600-1945, State organization, Guns and small arms, Urbanization and social mobility, 
    • Olav Riste, Politics in the armed forces, A contemporary problem in historical perspective
  • 259.
    Johansson, Bertil
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 1983: Rapport från militärhistorisk konferens vid militärhögskolan i juni 19831983Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]
    • Participants at the conference, 
    • Manfred Messerschmidt, German staff officer’s education since the beginning the 19th century, Innovations and traditions, Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Allgemeine kriegsschule, Kriegsakademie, Helmut von Moltke, Reichswehr, Weltanschauung, 
    • Gunnar Artéus, The value of advanced theoretical education, Some observations concerning the training and selection of military elites in 20th century Sweden, The military colleges of Sweden, The data, Interpreting the statistics, 
    • Brian Bond, Educational changes at R.M.A. Sandhurst 1966-1982, The Howard-English report, An academic year, CAROT, 
    • Robin Higham, Education and technology, Some considerations of the background of U.S. commanders in World War II, No lost generation, Importance of engineering, 
    • Jussi T Lappalainen, Responses to the need for trained military staff in Finland 1918-1939, The military committee, White volunteers, Deployment, Plan for training, 
    • Donald M Schurman, The navy at the British royal united services institution 1890-1896,
    • Gerke Teitler, Colonial defence and the challenge of naval technology, The case of the Dutch submarine, In search of a naval policy, Closing the ranks, Submarines again, A most reluctant navy, 
    • Anders Berge, The Swedish navy in the inter-war period, Strategic thinking at the crossroads, The armoured ship, The Sweden class, Coast defence ships, Challenge from the Air Force, 
    • Brian Bond, The mechanization of the British army in the1930s, The impact of technical innovation on a conservative institution, 
    • Knud J V Jespersen, New technology versus conscription, Some reflections on trends in Danish army organization during the first twenty-five years of NATO membership, Army structure 1950-70, The restrictive budget, Technological modernization, Conscription, 
    • Robin Higham, Technology in American aviation, Patterns in innovation procurement and use, 
    • Klaus-Richard Böhme, The establishment of a new service, The experience of the Swedish air force, The defence resolution 1925, Carl Florman, Ny Militär Tidskrift, SAAB, Discussions, Sessions I to VI, 
  • 260.
    Johansson, Linda
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Maritime Operations Section.
    Artificiell intelligens och konstgjord moral2018In: Religion & Livsfrågor, ISSN 0347-2159, no 4, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Johansson, Linda
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Maritime Operations Section.
    Bör robotar få döda?: Etiska aspekter på militära autonoma system2017In: Tidskrift i sjöväsendet, ISSN 0040-6945, no 1, p. 26-35Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Two concepts are central in the debate regarding lethal autonomous weapon systems: autonomy and dignity. Autonomy is crucial when looking at the responsibility, particularly when autonomous systems become more advanced, and there is also an issue on whether they can be held responsible for their actions. But even if that is not the case, they may affect the responsibility of humans in the decision-chain. The other term, dignity, is used in the debate on whether autonomous systems should be allowed to make decisions on killing. The argument is that autonomous systems should not be allowed to kill, since they are not able to respect human dignity. My point is that these concepts need to be discussed more in anticipation of more advanced robots and autonomous weapon systems.

  • 262.
    Johansson, Linda
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Maritime Operations Section.
    Den leende roboten2018In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, no 1, p. 51-53Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Robotar kan vara roliga. Samtidigt är det svårt att tänka sig att de skulle kunna programmeras för att få känsla för tillvarons absurditeter. Frågan är om en robot kan ha humor. 

  • 263.
    Johansson, Linda
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Drömmen om oblodiga krig2015In: Militär historia, ISSN 2000-3471, no 12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 264.
    Johansson, Linda
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Drönare: från ballonger till fjärrstyrda bombplan2015In: Militär historia, ISSN 2000-3471, no 12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 265.
    Johansson, Linda
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Äkta robotar2015Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 266.
    Karlsson, Birgit
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Military History Section.
    Svensk försvarsindustri 1945-19922015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sweden, Defence Industry, Cold War, 1945-1992

  • 267.
    Karlsson, Klemens
    Swedish Defence University.
    Tai Khun Buddhism and Ethnic-Religious Identity2009In: Contemporary Buddhism, ISSN 1463-9947, E-ISSN 1476-7953, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 75-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the Buddhist ethnic-religious identity expressed by the Tai Khun people of the Eastern Shan State of Myanmar. The author argues that they possess a double ethnic identity: on the one hand, they have an ethnic-political identity as a Shan people, while on the other hand, they have an ethnic-religious identity based on Yuan Buddhism and connected with the historical region of Lan Na. The article discusses the history, myth and cult of a Burmese Buddha image standing in the middle of the city of Chiang Tung and the ways in which religious visual culture expresses ethnic-religious identity.

  • 268.
    Lausevic, Vladan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Den svenska generalstaben som lärande organisation: kunskapsutvecklingen avseende strid om befästa ställningar under första världskriget2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this essay is to study the Swedish General Staff as a learning organisation during the period of 1914-1918 based on the theoretical work developed by the philosopher Bertil Rolf. Previous international research on the Prussian/German General Staff has shown that it is considered to be the first learning organisation in history. The Swedish General Staff was based on the German General Staff model and the focus of this study is to compare the development the tactics in Germany and Sweden regarding defence and attack in trench warfare. The questions are: How were the possibilities for gathering and analysing informa-tion affected by the war? Which conclusions were made for trench warfare in Swedish conditions? What experiences from the war and exercises in Swedish army were implemented in manuals and training?The conclusion of the study is that the Swedish General Staff was functioning as a learning organisation during the WWI through the ability to follow the international development, mainly in the Central Powers, and by modifying the experiences to the prevailing Swedish strategic and tactical conditions. During the war the German experiences, mainly from the eastern front, were used as a model combining movement and trench warfare. The main reasons were that the conditions on the western front with the concentration of artillery and troops were considered as an anomaly.The learning was created by processing the war experiences and experiences from the annual field exercises in several studies. One additional condition for the learning process was the demanding selection process for the employment of new General Staff officers, a process which meant that only a very small number of officers annually were appointed to general staff officers.

  • 269.
    Levihn, Viktor
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Olika glasögon för orsakerna till andra världskriget2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The causes of the Second World War are well analyzed and are described in several literatures. In this study two classical theories, realism and liberalism, are applied on the causes of war described in Stephan Van Everas book “Causes of War”. This essay aims to examine, if possible, which one of the above mentioned theories that best describes what caused the Second World War.

      Presentation of the problem: What are the causes of war from a realistic and liberal perspective, and how can the theories explain the causes of the Second World War?

    In order to answer these questions I use a qualitative text analysis. In the essay this method has two purposes. The first is to find out what realism and liberalism describes as causes of war. The second purpose is to find out, on basis of Stephen Van Everas “Causes of War”, what caused the wars during the Second World War.

      My conclusion is that states act on a basis of realism when they justify an act of war. This conclusion corresponds with former studies. However, there are also conclusions based on liberalism that describes causes of war between countries. These conclusions constitute collective security and failure of international agreements between states. According to the realist theory, the security of the state versus other states is a possible cause of war.

  • 270.
    Lindberg, Filippa
    Swedish Defence University.
    Motivation bland svenska officerare under finska kriget 1808–1809: En brevstudie om major Sten Sture2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 271.
    Lindgren, Tobias
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Stingereffekten: Stingerrobotens inverkan på det sovjetiska arméflygets taktik under Sovjet-Afghanistan kriget 2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att undersöka vilken inverkan Stinger hade på sovjetiska styrkors taktik och nyttjande av arméflygets helikoptrar i Afghanistan.

    Undersökningen har genomförts som en kvalitativ litteraturstudie. Sovjetiska styrkors och Mujahedins taktiker samt införandet av Stinger har studerats. Två forskningsfrågor har formulerats för att undersöka Sovjets och Mujahedins taktik under kriget; "Hur såg det sovjetiska arméflygets taktik ut vad beträffar nyttjande av helikoptrar innan respektive efter 1986 i Sovjet-Afghanistan kriget". Samt "Hur såg Mujahedins taktik ut innan respektive efter 1986 i Sovjet-Afghanistan kriget."

    För analys används de grundläggande förmågorna samt taktikanpassning och taktikutveckling som teoretiskt ramverk för att precisera skillnader i de taktiska förändringar som skedde under kriget. Taktiska förändringar i anslutning till införandet av Stinger har diskuterats för att möjligen se om vapnet legat till grund för dessa.

    Tre slutsatser har dragits av undersökningen: 1) Stinger kan ha krävt att det sovjetiska arméflyget avdelade mer resurser för planering och genomförande av operationer. 2) Stinger reducerade det sovjetiska arméflygets flygningar med helikoptrar under dagtid. 3) Stinger kan ha tvingat sovjetiska helikoptrar att flyga mycket lågt vid flygning i dagsljus.

  • 272.
    Lindquist, Rickard
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Agera som vi lär: kräver det ett flexibelt ledarskap?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 273.
    Lundström, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Luftburna gifter som kemiskt stridsmedel: En jämförelse mellan moisternas rökkrigföring under de stridande staterna och tyskarnas klorutsläpp vid Ypres den 22 april 19152012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Airborne poison, as a type of chemical warfare, has been used in many historical contexts. Although airborne poison such as toxic smoke and gas are similar phenomena, researchers have not been able to agree if older forms of warfare are comparable to modern. One reason for this is that their respective analysis lacks theoretical perspectives that account for contextual chemical conditions.

    The purpose of this study is to compare a modern example of the use of airborne poison, the Germans' first chlorine emissions at Ypres in 1915 with an ancient one, the Mohists use of smoke as a poison in ancient China. A theoretical perspective is applied to circumvent the problems of earlier research. This theory focuses on the dynamics between decision-making in chemical warfare and a particular culture's perception of and relationship to the environment.

    The study shows that it is relevant to compare the modern use of airborne poison with its use in other historical contexts because the weapon occurs in a similar tactical context. Also this type of warfare requires a lot of knowledge of the natural world. At the same time the analysis illustrates that a specific context gives the warfare a certain character. The Mohists tried to achieve success by coordinating and improving the process by which the airborne poison was made effective. Furthermore they relied on generalist knowledge. The Germans, however, relied on having an efficient chemical substance (agent). For this type of warfare they utilized specialists. The human-poison relationship also differed. The Mohist exposed himself to smoke while the German soldier shut himself off completely from the chlorine gas. These differences can be understood by studying how people exploited similar chemistry in a non-military way  in their respective context.

    The problems that previous research has had in discussing chemical warfare is also made evident. These problems occur because chemistry as a scientific discipline creates institutions and concepts that limit the view of airborne poison as a weapon. This realization, along with results of the survey in general, illustrates something which has relevance in today’s world. Airborne poison can, in the right place and with the right priorities be effective without modern industrial and scientific resources. This should be considered when analyzing political actors lacking a modern military industry.

  • 274.
    Malm, Anders
    Swedish Defence University.
    Historien om Masar -e Sharifs belägring - Postmodern etik och militär våldsanvändning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study draws from Zygmunt Bauman´s theory that a governmental policy of values can reduce the personal responsibility and moral choices for employees, to focus only on maintaining the government’s internal rules and regulations. The apparent risk with this type of moral attenuation is that the employee is deprived of the possibility to react morally on conduct of the government’s external misuse of power. In this study, this theory is connected to the Swedish Armed Forces’ policy of values, as these values do not include a critical standpoint for officers and soldiers. The policy is instead aimed at maintaining the internal rules and regulations of the Armed Forces, thus neglecting moral functions’ for officers and soldiers applicable to the use of force.The purpose of this study is to show how development of the current policy of values can make it possible to mitigate the risk of moral attenuation, by using a postmodern theory for ethics. The study analyses the decision to use force in Afghanistan, and finds that the ethics for military violence are based on a liberal ontology. With a postmodern paradigm on ethics, the study then criticizes the liberal ethics at hand for the use of force in Afghanistan.The study concludes that the policy of values set by the Swedish Armed Forces could be revised by adapting an ethical awareness to the risks of moral attenuation. Further, the study suggests that the policy should include the fact that the use of language can dehumanize groups of people, with the apparent risk that the use of force aimed at these people, is morally unsound.

  • 275.
    Maxwell, Rohan
    et al.
    NATO Headquarters Sarajevo.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Destination Nato: Defence Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2003-20132013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Defence reform has been a major component of Bosnia’s stabilisation and nation-building. Though true for many cases of post-conflict transition, it is especially so for Bosnia, which arguably has the most complex state structure in Europe. Ten years on from the start of Bosnia’s defence-reform process, Destination NATO records and reviews the Bosnian experience of defence reform. The monograph offers policy-makers, practitioners and academics knowledge of the specific case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and makes these insights relevant to defence-reform efforts in other contexts.

    The research is based on original sources and an extensive set of interviews and talks with key individuals including ambassadors, ministers and civil servants, and other senior national and international actors, in addition to discussions with several hundred politicians at local levels, students and NGO representatives. The authors also use their first-hand knowledge and insights to complement the documentation, interviews and discussions.

  • 276.
    Molander, Pia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Intelligence, Diplomacy and the Swedish Dilemma: The Special Operations Executive in Neutral Sweden 1939-452007In: Intelligence and national security, ISSN 0268-4527, E-ISSN 1743-9019, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 722-744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article will survey the activities of Special Operations Executive (SOE) in Sweden during the course of the Second World War. Under the constraints of a foreign policy that sought to gradually encourage the government of Sweden to become more pro-allied rather than pro-axis and ‘non-belligerent’, SOE nonetheless entered Sweden with hopes of developing a series of contacts with groups and individuals that could be turned into active resistance if Sweden joined the axis, or if Nazi Germany either invaded or occupied Sweden and the whole of Scandinavia. Once the possibility of an axis invasion of Sweden was decisively dismissed, SOE had to find a different role. In Sweden, the successful development of SOE's intelligence gathering capabilities in the economic sphere, especially in the allied campaign against German iron-ore traffic and ball-bearings, provided the organization with a purpose that definitely took another course when compared to intelligence activities in other regions and countries. With these constraints in view, this article focuses on three major aspects of SOE involvement in Sweden. First, the article will examine SOE's role, and war aims in Sweden, linking these to the very different requirements of the Foreign Office. Second, the article will explore British and Swedish intelligence relations. Third, it will consider the Swedish security police response to British intelligence.

  • 277.
    Munck af Rosenschöld, Sten
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Totalförsvarets ledning under kalla kriget2014Book (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Murberg, Daniel
    Swedish Defence University.
    Manlighet i krigets fält: En studie av manlighet inom officerskåren under finska kriget 1808 – 18092017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 279.
    Neijman, Thomas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Fältmätningens samband med ”et förändrat Krigssätt”: Fältmätningskåren 1805-18112015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 280.
    Nilsonne, Carl
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ryssland i Svenska media under Georgienkrisen2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I have attempted to determine what image of Russia was expressed in the largest newspapers in Sweden (Aftonbladet, Expressen, Svenska Dagbladet och Dagens Nyheter), during the conflict in Georgia in the summer of 2008. Starting with the image presented by Sture Nilsson in Rysskräcken i Sverige – Fördomar och verklighet, I have constructed an ideal consisting of the terms hostility, fear, and mistrust. These factors have then been used to analyse the reports between 2008-08-08 – 2008-08-12, which was the armed part of the conflict. I have found that the factors composing the ideal have been expressed clearly, in editorials as well as in news articles, with the exception of some of the factors that define hostility. The term fear  has only been expressed unequivocally in the last day’s reports. Reports have shown little variation between the different newspapers, although the tabloid press (Aftonbladet and Expressen) have expressed these tendencies slightly stronger, and the volume of reports have been noticeably larger in Svenska Dagbladet and Dagens Nyheter.

  • 281.
    Nilsson, Göran
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles: Teknik och etik: Ett självständigt arbete om obemannade flygande farkoster och deras militära nytta och moraliska dilemman2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Unmanned aerial vehicles, popularly known as drones, have been up to debate since the start of the war on terror, 11th September 2001, and there are still a lot of questions about their use and moral legitimacy. There are a lot of useful applications for this kind of vehicle for example, situational awareness, searching for lost people and attack missions. This study is going to investigate how these vehicles are being used within attack missions and and what their military utility are. Since there are a lot of different opinions on the system in war and conflict, the aim for this study is to make the ethics more concrete and evaluate what military utility this system gives.

    The moral aspects of UCAV, Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle, in conflict and war differ a lot from person to person. Those who are against this kind of system mean that the UCAV, in itself, is a threat and not as much to how it is used. Supporters of the system, on the other hand, argue that similar tactics have been used in war since the 1960s hence the system does not need any change in ethics and morals. However the system has got a negative reputation because of they way it is being used.

    This study shows that it is morally right to use UCAVs when the conflict or war meets a majority of the seven criteria of Just War Theory. However it is not as simple as that, there are a lot more factors that come in play. The population of the nation and its interests in the conflict or war, the threat level and what kind of profit the nation will acquire through it are important factors. If all of these criteria are met then the use of UCAVs for attack missions can be seen as morally just.

  • 282.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Aligning the non-aligned: a re-interpretation of why and how Sweden was granted access to US military materiel in the early cold war, 1948–19522010In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 290-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes a new look at the crucial years in early post-war history, 1948–52, when Swedish-American security relations were established. By 1952 Sweden was firmly within the Western sphere and was considered a trusted ally in the fight against the Soviet Bloc. What had happened since 1948 that made the Swedish government go from almost pariah status to a trusted ally? Prior research has argued that this change was due to a dramatic reversal of US policy towards Sweden, and has even pointed to a very specific date for this policy change—namely February 1950. Washington, it has been said, at that time gave up its objective of getting Sweden to join the North Atlantic Treaty (NAT, which became NATO in 1951).In contrast, the article argues that it was not so much that the Americans changed their minds, as it was Sweden that gradually corrected its policy of neutrality to fit American hegemonic demands, specifically regarding its adherence to the CoCom trade embargo; a process that lasted longer than until February 1950. Moreover, it questions the assumption that getting Sweden to join the NAT was ever a US policy objective. There is simply no evidence to support it. It also makes the case for a reinterpretation of the Swedish-American security relations in the early cold war. The article places these events within the framework of hegemony theory, which in order to improve the understanding of this process.

  • 283.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Amber Nine: NATO's Secret Use of a Flight Path over Sweden and the Incorporation of Sweden in NATO's Infrastructure2009In: Journal of contemporary history, ISSN 0022-0094, E-ISSN 1461-7250, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 287-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All through the 1950s and 1960s NATO had secretly utilized a secret flight path, called Amber Nine, over the southwestern part of Sweden. The Swedish government condoned the frequent overflights, despite the fact that Sweden was at the time professing to follow a policy of neutrality in the power struggle between the two superpowers. This article argues that the frequent American use of Amber Nine should be viewed as a materialization of Sweden's consent to US hegemony, and that Amber Nine effectively made Swedish airspace and airports a part of NATO's infrastructure. It also makes the case that the arrangement contributed to the eradication of the credibility of Sweden's policy of neutrality, and that NATO's routine use of a flight path over Sweden, a non-NATO country, warrants a reinterpretation of Sweden's role in the Cold War on NATO's northern flank, as well as challenging the definition of the NATO alliance.

  • 284.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Dick Harrison backar, men har fortfarande fel2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 285.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    KTH.
    Gud vare tack och lov så talade de inte om allt de gjorde: en källkritisk granskning av Neutralitetspolitikkommissionens betänkande2003Report (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Herbert Tingsten och Congress for Cultural Freedom: Ett symbiotiskt förhållandeIn: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 287.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Hur kan Harrison tro på Jesus?2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 288.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Jesus: Han var inte ens en historisk person2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 289.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Kriget: en oskiljaktig del av människans historia?: Recension av Jurgen Brauer and Hubert van Tuyll: Castles, Batles, & Bombs: How Economics Explains Military History Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 20082011In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2009-2010, p. 371-375Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 290.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Kriget i postmodern belysning: Recension av Judith Butler: Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? London: Verso, 20092011In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2009-2010, p. 376-380Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Limiting Diplomatic Friction: Sweden, the United States and SKF's ball bearing exports to Eastern Europe, 1950-522009In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 57, no 3, p. 273-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the U.S. government’s efforts to curb the Swedish ball bearing producer SKF’s exports to the East early in the Cold War, 1950-1952, and interprets this process within the framework of hegemony theory. The period up to mid-1951 saw increasing U.S. pressure upon Sweden and SKF to consent to U.S. hegemony by abiding by the CoCom embargo. To achieve its objectives U.S. policymakers developed a flexible ‘’carrot and stick’’ approach, and the article adds considerable detail regarding the U.S. government’s handling of SKF. U.S. tolerance and flexibility was dependent upon Swedish consent to American hegemony in Western Europe, which was received through the signing of the Stockholm agreement in mid-June 1951, a hegemonic apparatus through which Sweden’s abidance by the embargo was handled. A small amount of exports was accepted by Washington as long as the main U.S. objective, to deny the Eastern Bloc strategic technology, was adhered to by SKF. The article also reveals the lack of policy coordination in the Swedish government, and the conflicts between the government and SKF regarding the responsibility for adhering to the embargo.

  • 292.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 20082008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Magnus Mörner, Can the "little war" in Finland in 1808 be fruitfully compared with the Spanish guerrilla?, The Finnish Case, The Spanish Case, Comparison
    • Fredrik Thisner, Det senfeodala resurssystemet och den agrara revolutionen, Några uppslag inför en studie av indelningsverket 1721-1833, Indelningsverket, Resurserna, Boställen, Naturalöner
    • Roland Persson, Det militära indelningsverket, Anpassning och problem under det stora nordiska kriget med särskild inriktning på det ständiga knektehållet
    • Kent Zetterberg, Riksdagen, MO och försvarets demokratisering 1914-1945, En studie i reformsträvanden och Militieombudsmannens (MO) verksamhet, Ett demokratiskt problem, Kungamakten, JO och MO, Revolutionära stämplingar, Stålhane och Branting, Axel Gyllenkrooks missfirmelse av underlydande, Ryttmästare Möllersvärd blir förbannad
    • Ashok Nath, 1857 - War of independence, Mutiny or what?, Problems of interpretation

    Recensioner

    • Terje Emberland & Bernt Rougthvedt, Det ariske idol: Forfatteren, eventyreren og nazisten Per Imerslund, anmälan av Lars Gyllenhaal
    • Lance E. Davis och Stanley L. Engerman, Naval Blockades in Peace and War, An Economic History since 1750, anmälan av Erik Lindberg
    • Frank Bøgh, Krigeren. KB. Martinsen, officer og landsforraeder, anmälan av Lars Gyllenhaal
    • Wilhelm Agrell, Maskerad front: Kalla krigets underrättelsehistoria, anmälan av Sam Nilsson
    • Lennart Samuelson, Tankograd: Den ryska hemmafrontens dolda historia 1917-1953, anmälan av Michael H Clemmesen

    Författare

  • 293.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 2009-20102011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord

    Bidrag från Helsningborgskonferensen

    • Lars Ericson Wolke & Niels Bo Poulsen - Slaget vid Helsingborg – En Konferens
    • Michael Bergnsbo - Den store Nordiske Krig og det danske imperium 
    • Magnus Perlestam - Magnus Stenbocks reglemente – En granskning 
    • Lars Ericson Wolke - Mellan Poltava och Tönningen – Svenska operativa förutsättningar och resursmobiliseringen 1709–1713 
    • Björn Gäfvert - Helsingborg 1710 – De samtida kartorna över operationsområdet 
    • Kjeld Hald Galster - Forberedelse til krig – Dansk langtidsplanlægning med henblik på revanche mod Sverige 
    • Per Iko - Slaget vid Helsingborg den 28 februari 1710 Bilden av slaget: när – var – hur? 
    • Bo Knarrström - Examples from the dirt archive – Records of battlefield archaeology in Scania, Southern Sweden
    • Hanne Sanders - Helsingborg, lokalsamhället och de dansk-svenska krigen Skånelandskapen i krig och fred 
    • Jakob Seerup - Fra Kongelig Gunst til Professionel Merit – Søofficerersavancementer i 1700-tallet 
    • Kent Zetterberg - Slaget vid Helsingborg 1710 och Sveriges gradvisa övergång från stormakt till medelstor makt i Europa 
    • Lars Bangert Struwe - Nu eller aldrig – Dansk strategisk tankegang i 1700-tallet

    Övriga teman

    • Lars Ericson Wolke - Varför blev man Finlandsfrivillig 1939–1944? – En enkät ett halvt sekel senare 
    • Fredrik Eriksson - ”Krigsman skall frukta Gud och vara Konungen huld och trogen” – Historiebruk i svenska soldatinstruktioner under mellankrigstiden 
    • Angela Moran - ‘No country could remain neutral in the cold war’ – Neutrality in Europe during the Cold War 
    • Fredrik Thisner - Bortom det stora nordiska kriget: – Officerskarriärens ekonomiska anatomi i Sverige och Danmark-Norge, ca 1720–1800 
    • Piotr Wawrzeniuk - Fiende, allierad eller frände? Polska militära analyser av Finland under mellankrigstiden
    • Marco Wyss - A War-Profiteer or a Strategic Lightweight? Switzerland in American Aircraft Supply Priorities in the Emerging Cold War 
    • Hampus Östh Gustafsson - Friktionernas krig – Albrecht von Lantingshausen och landsättningen vid Lokalaks

    Recensioner

    • Michael H. Clemmesen. Den lange vej mod 9. april. Historien om de fyrre år för den tyske operation mod Norge og Danmark i 1940. anmälan av Lars Ericson Wolke
    • Jurgen Brauer och Hubert van Tuyll. Castles, Battles, & Bombs: How Economics Explains Military History. anmälan av Mikael Nilsson
    • Judith Butler. Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable?. anmälan av Mikael Nilsson

    Författare

  • 294.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Neutralitetspolitikens fiasko under kalla kriget2009In: Internationella studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 2, p. 60-66Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 295.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Radiokommunikationsutvecklingens betydelse för mobiltelefonin: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 12 mars 20082008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Sambandssystem 9000 ur ett användarperspektiv: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 13 mars 20082008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Science as propaganda: Swedish scientists and the co-production of American hegemony in Sweden during the cold war, 1953-682012In: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 275-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes a close look at how the United States used the funding of scientific research in Sweden as a hegemonic and propaganda tool in the 1950s and 1960s. It shows that non-aligned Sweden functioned just as much as a node in the international science network set up by the Americans after the Second World War as did the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries. These funds were awarded mainly to an elite network of prominent Swedish scientists. The article sheds interesting light on the controversies of such funding in Sweden during the cold war and adds important knowledge about Swedish-American relations during the cold war. The article argues that this Swedish scientific elite co-produced US hegemony in Sweden by actively seeking out American military funding and by making use of it. It also argues that US funding was intended to portray the United States as an altruistic patron of science in the world and thus serve American propagandistic purposes as well.

  • 298.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Spekulationer om Polaris2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 299.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    KTH.
    Staten och kapitalet: Betydelsen av det dynamiska samspelet mellan offentligt och privat för det svenska telekomundret : transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 18 mars 20082008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Svältkatastrof eller folkmord?: Miljoner dog i Ukraina – nya fakta om Sveriges roll2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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