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  • 251.
    Gustafsson, Linus
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Allt fler från Sverige strider i Syrien och Irak2015In: Vårt Försvar, ISSN 0042-2800, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 252.
    Gustavsson, Alfred
    Swedish National Defence College.
    En undersökning om doktrinutveckling: Minskad operativ effektivitet i den militärstrategiska doktrinen2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis purpose is to analyze specific content in Sweden’s doctrine to illustrate a trend in doctrine development in small states. Small states doctrine tends to promote political messages rather than messages about operational efficiency. Due to this trend, it is important to study how small states implement and accept these types of developments. Kjell Bjerga and Torunn Haaland describes this phenomenon through an analysis of the Norwegian doctrine. The arguments they point out creates a tool, which explain concepts in Sweden’s military strategic doctrine. This thesis then takes a discursive form to identify the doctrines hidden roots and underlying narratives. It is then possible to structure concepts such as operational efficiency or operational inefficiency. The result of this analysis is that Sweden follow the development in small states strategic doctrine, decreasing the amount of concepts promoting operational efficiency. The result comply with Bjerga and Haalands theory and confirm the question at issue. This may lead to a dilemma where Sweden cannot achieve military operational efficiency because their doctrine promoting messages hard to translate to distinct military action.

  • 253.
    Gääw, Anton
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Andra Libanonkriget 2006 – Finns det Ytterligare förklaringar till Israels misslyckande?2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 254.
    Göth, Martin
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Försvarssamarbetet mellan Sverige och Finland -framgångsfaktorer och deras betydelse2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Försvarssamarbeten uppstår mellan stater av olika anledningar och påverkar långsiktigt de nationella militära styrkorna och deras förmågor. Det är dock inte helt oproblematiskt då skillnader och likheter både kan möjliggöra eller omöjliggöra ett samarbete. För att utveckla det pågående fördjupade försvarssamarbetet mellan Sverige och Finland i positiv riktning behöver dessa variationer förstås. Det finns därför anledning att undersöka vilka framgångsfaktorer som föreligger i det nämnda samarbetet och vilken betydelse de har.

     

    Syftet med denna studie är att med stöd av relevant teori och empiri undersöka det fördjupade försvarssamarbetet mellan Sverige och Finland. Därmed bidrar studien med ökad kunskap om påverkansfaktorerna i det bilaterala samarbetet. Det visar att olika faktorer har olika stor påverkan vid olika tidpunkter i ett försvarssamarbete. Föga förvånande har strategisk kultur stor påverkan men är också den faktor som är mest påverkansbar genom samarbete. Hårdvara verkar vara av mindre betydelse men tillit, allvarligt uppsåt och tydliga intentioner är alla av grundläggande karaktär, särskilt i en operativ planering bortom gränsen för fred.

  • 255.
    Hagberg, Mathias
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Sjukvårdsorganisationen vid svenska marina missioner2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish armed forces have been through a big reformation since the Parliamentary Resolution 2004. The Resolutions biggest statement was that the armed forces should change from a invasiondefence to a mobile armed force. This means that Swedish troops and ships are meant to operate far from the Swedish coast line and infrastructure; this can give many new interesting problems.

    One of these problems is if the Swedish units are fit for the missions that they now are entitled to take part in. I particularly if they have the capability to take care of injured personal far from Swedish infrastructure.

    Have the medical organisation and the armed forces the right means to give adequate medical treatment and transportation?

    The methods that the writer has used to solve these questions have been the descriptive method combined whit fall studies on ML 01-02 and ME 01. The literature consists part of reglements, doctrines both Swedish and domestic, in particular the Nato doctrine AJP 4-10

    The conclusions that have been made are that the Swedish ships are not adjusted for this kind of missions, the abcens of the helicopter capability is one of the arguments for this. The effect of what this can mean for the soldier is a decreased will to fight, which can be drastic for the ship.

  • 256.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section. The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section. The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Hanssen, Ulv
    The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Allt bör göras för att bygga relationer med Nordkorea2017In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 257.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Heteronymous politics beyond anarchy and hierarchy: The multiplication of forms of rule 750-13002017In: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 266-281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anarchy and hierarchy are two central concepts of international relations theory but as conventionally defined they cannot describe political life for most of Western history. Neither concept describes the structure of medieval politics well. Rather, many different principles of differentiation existed simultaneously, both stratificatory and segmentary. The situation was closer to anarchy as understood as the absence of overarching principles of order rather than as ‘anarchy’ in the conventional sense used in international relations and absence of government. The power of the Popes over temporal rulers was considerable, but it never corresponded to the concept ‘hierarchy’ as conventionally understood either. Between c. 700 and c. 1300, Europe became more heteronymous as time went by, not less. More principles of differentiation were developed, and both Popes and kings became more powerful. The reinvention of the papacy after the ‘Investiture Controversy’ (1075–1122) created a system of law and practices in which European monarchs and realms were embedded, but it did not create an all-powerful papacy.

  • 258.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Kan dygdetiken bryta den "postheoriska" ängslan i 2000-talets risksamhälle?2017In: Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget / [ed] Peter Haldén och Biörn Tjällén, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2017, p. 217-238Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Organized Armed Groups as Ruling Organizations2018In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 606-625Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies of the cohesion of organized armed groups (OAGs) have made great progress, but they have mostly focused on units fighting for modern Western states. I argue that the study of OAGs that contain their own legitimacy requires a broadened theoretical framework. Such groups may be conceptualized as “ruling organizations” in Max Weber’s terminology. Examples of such groups range from early medieval warbands to modern militias and guerrillas. Members of ruling organizations obey commands for a combination of three reasons: rational, traditional, and charismatic—these in turn form the basis of the legitimacy of the organization. Pinpointing the foundations of obedience in a group provides us with another way of emphasizing weak points that we want to either target or reinforce. This study contributes theoretically to the study of cohesion by linking it to theories of legitimacy in political orders.

  • 260.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Respublikanism i mirovaya politika: politsentichnyi poryadok i zaschita ot dominirovaniya2015In: Sovremenaya Respoblikanskaya Teoriya Svobody / [ed] Evgeny Roschin, St. Petersburg: European University at St. Petersburg, 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 261.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    "Respublikanism i mriovaya politika": politsentrichnyi poryadok i zaschita ot dominirovaniya2015In: Sovremennaya Respublikanskaya Teoriya Svobody / [ed] Evgeny Rochin, St Petersburg: European University at St. Petersburg, 2015, p. 293-326Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 262.
    Haldén, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    The Realm as a European Form of Rule: Unpacking the Warfare Thesis through the Holy Roman Empire2017In: Does War Make States?: Investigations of Charles Tilly's Historical Sociology / [ed] Lars Bo Kaspersen & Jeppe Strandsbjerg, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017, p. 154-180Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 263.
    Haldén, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Karlborg, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Esparraga, Francis
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Kulturarv i krig och konflikt: en forskningsöversikt2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som denna forskningsöversikt visar finns det en hel del forskning om kulturarv i krig och konflikt inom statsvetenskap, kulturhistoria, juridik, historia m.fl. ämnen. Framför allt finns mycket forskning om de konsekvenser som krigen på Balkan under 1990-talet förde med sig för kulturarv och kulturskatter. Även kriget i Irak under 2000-talet och första och andra världskriget är väldokumenterade.Med tanke på den pågående katastrofen för kulturarvet i det östra Medelhavsområdet och den akuta risk som såväl islamiströrelsers verksamhet som bekämpandet av desamma utsätter kulturarvsplatser och föremål för över stora delar av den islamiska världen krävs dock mycket mer forskning. De nu pågående krigen aktualiserar en rad frågeställningar om hur kulturarv kan bevaras, skyddas men även exploateras i krig

  • 264.
    Haldén, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Inledning: Mod, dygd och militära miljöer2017In: Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget / [ed] Peter Haldén och Biörn Tjällén, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Haldén, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Tjällén, BiörnMittuniversitetet.
    Mod i strid och filosofi: Dygdetiska perspektiv från Aristoteles till drönarkriget2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mod är en egenskap som hyllats i alla krigförande kulturer. Konsten, litteraturen och filosofin har ofta tagit upp modet som tema, både för att befästa ett militärt ideal och för att problematisera denna egenskap. Men vad är egentligen mod? Var går gränsen till övermod? Vad utmärker mod i strid, och kan man träna soldater att bli modiga? Dessa frågeställningar tar plats även i vår tid där krig och försvar diskuteras i dagens militära miljöer, och frågor om etik är lika aktuella som frågor om effektivitet.

    Mod i strid och filosofi studerar författarna historiska perspektiv på mod och dagsaktuell forskning kring strid och militär utbildning. Förr talade man om mod eller tapperhet som en av flera eftersträvansvärda dygder – idag talar man hellre om professionalism. Men hur mycket skiljer sig egentligen den moderna tidens militära ideal från de historiska? Kan vi lära oss något av den dygdetik som i århundraden användes för att forma modiga individer och tappra krigare?

  • 266.
    Hall Svensson, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Officerare stöps i samma form, eller?: en studie på officerares likformighet avseende logistiktänk2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how officers´ thoughts regarding logistics can be understood depending on their service and unit affiliation. The contribution to war science is to show how service and unit affiliation affect Swedish military thoughts about logistics. 

    Theories describe uniformity in thoughts among the officer corps due to drills and discipline in their basic training. Today, the debate on future warfare and logistics suggests that there is no such uniformity. Officers seem to have different ways to think about future logistics. This study investigates why and focuses on service, unit affiliation and joint staff experience. To study this problem, officers at the Swedish Defence University were asked to answer a survey, where their military background and thoughts about logistics were investigated.    

    The results show that officers at the Swedish Defence University have different thoughts about logistics but it is not statistically significant and cannot be explained by service or unit affiliation. It shows, thus, that in 25 per cent of the cases, joint staff experience can explain military thoughts among officers. The main conclusion is that service, unit affiliation or joint staff experience can not fully explain military thoughts in the Swedish armed forces.

     

  • 267.
    Hallander, Jim
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Att leda: En studie om svensk samtida ledningsvetenskap och Försvarsmaktens doktrinutveckling2010Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The theoretical principle for successful command and control depends on such elements as the factor of coordination between Swedish research within command and control science and the development of the Swedish Armed Forces doctrine.

    The ongoing Swedish research within command and control science has created a generic model, the dynamic OODA-loop. The dynamic OODA-loop presents two major key aspects for command and control, the outer and the inner system and how they interface. Furthermore, the Swedish Armed Forces is in a developmental process of the Military Strategic Doctrine. The purpose of the development is to adjust the doctrine to be more useful within the Armed Forces and to describe the ongoing changes in a dynamic and complex environment.

    The purpose of this study is to identify if the development of the doctrine has been guided by the latest research within command and control science. The purpose is also to get a deeper understanding and awareness in order to meet the demands leading to a successful command and control within the military strategic doctrine.

    The study shows a positive doctrinal development in a number of areas such as; the environment where military effects will take action and attach descriptions concerning the intent and the understanding of a mission. It also shows the need for a continued doctrinal development within command and control in close cooperation within the areas of Swedish research.

  • 268.
    Hallberg, Niklas
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Granåsen, Magdalena
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Josefsson, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Command and Control Section.
    Ekenstierna, Christina
    Swedish Armed Forces, Sweden.
    Framework for C2 Concept Development: Exploring Design Logic and Systems Engineering2018In: 23rd International Command and Control Research & Technology Symposium: Multi-Domain C2 / [ed] Alberts, David, International Command and Control Institute , 2018, Vol. Topic 9, article id 23Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The conditions for military operations have changed due to, e.g., globalization, climate change, and nations' ambitions and actions. This has resulted in new demands on command and control (C2) capability. Further, the rapid evolution of information technology has provided vigorous opportunities to enhance the C2 capability, e.g., through advanced communication, information management, and decision support. However, the need to rely on modern technology also causes increased vulnerabilities. The sociotechnical nature of C2 systems means that the development of C2 systems is complex and challenging. Developing C2 concepts requires collaboration between people from different knowledge disciplines, traditions, and perspectives. Therefore, there is a need for elaborated concept development approaches and structures that promote collaborative efforts. The objective of this paper is a framework for the development of C2 concepts that enhance the collaboration of people from different traditions. The study was carried out as case study performed in two steps: theoretical development and formative evaluation. The case study targets the development of C2 concepts for future military operations of the Swedish Armed Forces. The framework includes terminology models, a development process, and system representations. The case study shows that in diverse teams, it is essential to agree upon terminology, development process, and systems representations used for the development to avoid misunderstandings and unnecessary rework. The framework explored in this paper is only in its first version. However, the development and the application of the framework was found to facilitate and focus the work of the multi-disciplinary team.

  • 269.
    Hallenborg, Edward
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Hotuppfattningar och strategier för maritim säkerhet i Östersjön, ur ett svenskt perspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats avhandlas hotuppfattningar och strategier för maritim säkerhet i Östersjön ur ett svenskt perspektiv. Ökade varuflöden, oljetransporter och handel inom östersjöregionen har tillsammans med den snabba omvärldsutvecklingen bidragit till ett nationellt och transnationellt intresse för bibehållen maritim säkerhet i Östersjön.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att med kunskap om av regering och riksdag identifierade hot under perioden 1998-2009, analysera vilka strategier Sverige valt för att hantera hoten och bibehålla den maritima säkerheten.

    För att identifiera hoten mot svenska intressen i Östersjön har teorin om det vidgade säkerhetsbegreppet använts för att med sektorerna; politik, ekonomi, samhälle, miljö samt militär identifiera de hot som regering och riksdag lyfter fram i propositioner och försvarsberedningar.

    Strategierna som har analyserats har fokus både på svenskt nationellt såväl som transnationellt samarbete och berör både nutid och framtid.

    Resultatet av uppsatsen visar att Sverige lägger allt mer fokus på transnationellt samarbete med bl.a. EU och de nordiska länderna men att även instruktioner till svenska myndigheter betonar ökat behov av samarbete för att hantera de identifierade hoten.

  • 270.
    Hallström, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Artilleri i nationell konflikt: En studie om finländskt principfokus i det Finska vinterkriget och en jämförelse med svenska artillerireglementet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska något begränsade artilleri-förmågan skall kunna verka effektivt i alla konfliktnivåer och detta skapar behov av erfarenhetsinhämtning av tidigare konflikter. Finska vinterkriget har i denna uppsats behandlats för att utvärdera en konflikt av nationell karaktär liknande den svenska försvarsmakten skulle kunna ställas inför.

    Undersökningen behandlade två områden; ”Mannerheim-linjen” och ”Norr om Ladoga” på grund av dess olika karaktär och på så sätt behov av finsk taktikanpassning. Analysen genom kvalitativ litteraturstudie genomfördes med utgångspunkt i teorin krigföringens principer. Analysen skulle sedan mynna ut i ett antal principer som verkade framgångsfrämjande för artilleriets användande. En jämförelse gjordes senare mellan resultatet av studien och svenska artilleriets tänkta principfokus idag.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att principerna måste vägas mot varandra för att vara framgångsfrämjande, dock framträdde principer som stridsekonomi, samordning, mål och målsättningar samt god anda som viktiga dels som enskilda principer men även för att kunna möjliggöra andra principers uppfyllande.

     

  • 271.
    Halmela, Jimmy
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Implementeringen av underrättelsedoktriner: Tre perspektiv för hur underrättelsetjänst bör utövas samt dess implementering inom FM 3-242010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the academic field of intelligence studies, there is no established theory. Theories regardingwhat intelligence is and how it should be conducted vary, and national interests have a major impact in the design of these. Within the military context, the situation is different in certain aspects. Today's multinational operations require cooperation in a variety of areas, including intelligence. In this essay a study of three doctrine/manuals is presented. These are examined from three perspectives, Control, Adaptivity, and Cooperation. The purpose of this is to find what these documents present as important for intelligence exercise. These important points are then used to construct an analysis tool that examine whether these doctrines are implemented in a currently highly topical doctrine, FM 3-24 Counterinsurgency. This study shows a clear link between how intelligence services are organized in Sweden, the United States and NATO. This despite the fact that some variation around concepts and structures exists between their regulatory documents. Cooperation is a central concept among all intelligence documents and appears to be important in FM 3-24. The importance of interoperability within the Intelligence Service, as all intelligence document stresses, does not seem to be implemented in FM 3-24.

  • 272.
    Halvardsson, Joakim
    Swedish Defence University.
    Taktisk offensiv framgång: en teoriprövande tvåfallsstudie ur ett fältarbetsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 273.
    Hamberg, Viktor
    Swedish Defence University.
    Klassiska principer i en modern marin kontext2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The principles of war have for a long time been contested and criticized for being too imprecise and vague, even questioned as to their validity and applicability in modern warfare. Despite military thinkers and officers having questioned them, the principles of war constitute a central part of the western military doctrines and regulations.

    The purpose of this study is to examine the meaning of the principle of concentration of force and surprise in modern naval warfare. Due to the ambiguity of the principles of war, both principles have been analysed through the theoretical views of Clausewitz, Fuller, Montgomery and Collins. Using a case study method, the two principles of war have been tested hypothetically on the battle of Baltim during the Yom Kippur War in 1973.

    The result of the study shows that all hypotheses were confirmed in the analysis and the principles of concentration of force and surprise were applicable in modern naval warfare. There is however, a need for further empirical studies regarding the principles of war in order to strengthen this study’s result and to test the validity of other principles in modern warfare. 

  • 274.
    Hamdouni, Hana
    Swedish Defence University.
    The digital destruction: A case study of Stuxnet within the theory of new and old wars2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the extent to which Stuxnet can be characterized as a new war, if at all. The cyber-attack is studied within the theoretical framework of Mary Kaldor’s ‘New and Old Wars’, where the case has been analysed through the perspective of both conventional and modern wars. Stuxnet is the first cyber-attack that has managed to act in complete secrete during a long period of time and causing its target physical destruction, while hiding all the evidence that could lead to the malware. The significance with Stuxnet is not merely based on its sophisticated operation but rather to the selection of its target, which is the Iranian nuclear enrichment program. The cyber-attack has raised questions of vulnerability and lack of securitization that the world faces in these situations. Nonetheless, it is rather difficult to prepare and secure ourselves from such attacks, if we do not understand their nature.

    After examining the aim, the actors involved and the method of Stuxnet, it becomes clear that that the cyber-attack contain features from both old and new wars.

  • 275.
    Hammarlind, Eric
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Svenska strategiska narrativ under kalla kriget och 2010-talet: en kvalitativ textanalys av fyra regeringars deklarationer i jämförelse mellan neutralitets- och solidaritetspolitik2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is the credibility of today's Swedish security policy under question? Through two world wars and the years that followed Sweden has invoked a policy of neutrality and military nonalignment. This policy has come to be perceived as an integral part of the Swedish national identity. Is it possible then that Sweden’s past and present strategic narratives could be contested?

    This thesis investigates whether or not there is consistency in the narratives expressed by both right wing Swedish governments and socialist Swedish governments. The narratives of both parties are examined during two separate eras of history; the Cold War era of the 1980s is compared with the current more globalized era of the 2010s.

    A constructivist perspective is utilized in the analysis and a narrative analysis is applied.

    The results show that there has been significant consistency in the narratives of Swedish security policy from both right wing and socialist governments. There is much greater variation shown between the two eras than there is between the two parties themselves.

  • 276.
    Hammarström, Caroline
    Swedish Defence University.
    Logistik en viktig eller oväsentlig faktor för framgång i fälttåg2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Military campaigns has throughout time been analysed through the eyes of the commanding officers and their tactical knowledge. Is this the only way to analyse military campaigns or can victory be explained through other actions then tactical decisions? Can the importance of logistics explain outcomes in different military campaigns?

    This study strives to explain how logistic measures can explain different outcomes in military campaigns. The concept which is used in this study is Moshe Kress theory on operational logistics, and through this I will try to explain the importance of logistics as a factor for outcomes in military campaigns.

    This study has shown that pre-emptive measures in the operational logistics level can change the outcome of military campaigns. Although logistics isn´t the only reason for victory or defeat in military campaigns this study shows the importance in understanding and making sure your logistic planning is as well planned as your tactical planning.

  • 277.
    Hammarström, Charlotte
    Swedish Defence University.
    Operation Barbarossa - en jämförande fallstudie av Tysklands invasion av Ryssland/Operation Barbarossa2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a debate about what’s the principles or which principle that leads an armed force in to victory in war. In maneuver warfare there also an discussion about how maneuver warfare should be practiced and what’s maneuver warfare.  This study examines a theory of maneuver warfare and strives to see if and how, the theory can explain the outcome in two cases from the campaign in the east, during the second world war, also known as Operation Barbarossa year 1941.  

    This study compares the outcome in the initial battle of the 22 of June and the initial battle of 2 of October during the campaign. By using Martin van Crevelds theory of manuever warfare and his six principles tempo, schwerpunkt, surprise, combined arms, flexibility and decentralized command. The study shows that you can explain the outcome with van Crevelds theory and how, but there is alot more factors that must be taken into account when you try to understand the complex natur of war and what’s the causes  that brings an armed force to victory or defeat

  • 278.
    Hanby, Tove
    Swedish Defence University.
    Fortfarande "Normative Power Europe"?: En studie av militariseringens effekt på EU:s internationella roll2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to contribute to the discussion on the effects of the militarization of the European Union’s external action. Based on Ian Manners’ “Normative Power Europe” (NPE) - the idea that the EU’s international role is better understood as normative, instead of civil or military, the following is an examination of two current military missions as possible promoters of universal norms.

    The research has shown that military action coincides with several norms and ways of diffusion described in NPE, which leads to the assumption that a militarization of the EU’s normative power is not only possible, but can also be positive.

    However, to keep a good balance between civilian values and military power – critical reflection regarding aims and consequences need to be an integrated part of the process.

  • 279.
    Hansson, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Teknologi & Numerär: Frågan om vem som vinner2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The reason for this study is to settle the balance between technology and preponderance in war. Each theory claims its own superiority to be decisive when it comes to achieving military victories, but this study will show what actually happens when the two theories are analyzed together in the same conflict. To prove the conclusions, a case-study on Operation Gazelle is used. The study will describe the theories, what a military victory is and which party in the conflict came out victorious after this specific operation. Both sides’ forces will be shown and compared. The most significant technological systems will be analysed and compared. When this is done, the victory and the theories’ importance can be explained. Operation Gazelle was an act performed by Israel in October 1973 during the conflict with Egypt. It was an attempt to cross the Suez Canal and in that way gain an improved political status during the peace negotiations that were to come. The main question that will be answered is:- Which of the two theories, numerical preponderance and technology, is decisive when it comes to achieving military goals? To answer this question three other questions are answered:- What were the numerical conditions during Operation Gazelle?- What were the technological conditions between the parties?- Which party was victorious?

  • 280.
    Hansson, Mattias
    Swedish Defence University.
    Rätt beväpning för uppgiften: en jämförelse av vapensystem för en sjukvårdsgrupp2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to provide a good medical treatment to injured service personnel in the Swedish Armed Forces is important, but the Armed Forces' ability or inability to provide soldiers qualified care is also vital for the members of the armed forces confidence for their own ability.

    Swedish medics are expected to take care of a patient, whatever the terrain and threat may be. Swedish medics aren’t considered to be combatants in war or conflict but the law gives them the right to defend themselves and their patients. They are currently equipped with the Ak 5 to protect themselves and their patients, a weapon that is used by all service personel In the Swedish Armed Forces, this means that the medics carry a full length rifle. This report will examine the weapon best suited for a medical team to carry out its duties while also providing a level of personal protection should the need arise.

  • 281.
    Hansson, Ola
    Swedish Defence University.
    Varför deltog Sverige i EUFOR Tchad/RCA?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is necessary to understand how politicians motivate the use of military force as a security policy instrument. Especially on all levels in the Swedish armed forces.  

    This case study focuses on the political process and affecting policy documents before the political decisions are taken. The purpose is to identify official underlying motives to explain Sweden’s decision to participate in EUFOR Tchad/RCA. This knowledge gives an improved understanding about what political values and wants mediate for using military forces. Two analytical models, The Rational Actor and Governmental Politics, are used as theoretical framework.  

    Results: Participation in the specific mission enables the Swedish wish to contribute increased both the EU´s and the UN´s global crisis management. Sweden considers that all countries have a responsibility by solidarity to protect human rights and solving a human catastrophe in the region. Sweden wants to be a loyal and active actor in both the EU and the UN aiming influence and impact for supporting Sweden’s national security. Participation achieves desired improved synergies between aid, civil and military efforts. Participation also improves the impact on implementation of resolutions 1325 and 1612 in all levels of EUFOR Tchad/RCA.

    Sweden’s decisions were according to The Rational Actor both rational and logical which maximized national utility.  According to Governmental Politics the decisions preceded without any extensive struggle between actors and they showed total unity for participation. The actors want to mediate unity, show strong support and responsibility to the personnel who accomplish risky and important missions.                                        

  • 282.
    Hansson, Ola
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vilka faktorer genererar en rörlighetsförmåga för markförband?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Rörlighet är en eftersträvansvärd krigföringsprincip och ingår såväl i markstridens grundelement som i de grundläggande förmågorna. Därmed kan det konstateras att rörlighet är en betydelsefull faktor för att erhålla en hög krigföringsförmåga. Men ingen forskning har återfunnits på ett sammanställt teoretiskt ramverk omfattande vilka faktorer som förklarar framgångsrik rörlighet för markförband i en konventionell mellan-statlig konflikt. Denna studies syfte har som ambition att utveckla ett förklarande teoretiskt ramverk för både teoretisk och praktisk nytta. Militärteori, tidigare forskning och författarens reflexiva tänkande underbygger en hypotes som bryts ner till delhypoteser och vars tillämplighet undersöks i Israels andra motoffensiv 1973 och tyska XIX. Pansarkårens anfall vid Sedan 1940. De eftersökta förklaringsfaktorerna utgör studiens oberoende variabler som skall förklara den beroende variabeln rörlighet.

    Undersökningens resultat är att ett orsakssamband mellan faktorerna förberedelser, rörlighetsstöd, förbandens förmåga och organisation samt skyddsförmåga har återfunnits. Faktorerna och deras underliggande beståndsdelar kan inte rangordnas och interagerar. Vid nyttjandet av det sammanställda ramverket krävs insikt/förståelse om ramverkets alla ingående delar och deras interagerande. Undersökningens resultat har därmed lagt grunden för vidare undersökningar.

  • 283.
    Hassel, Jonas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Hur ska utvecklingen i ryska väpnade styrkorna förstås?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ryska förhållanden påkallar ett allt större intresse och frågor om ryska förmågor samt intentioner har blivit mycket aktuella i samband med Ukrainakrisen våren 2014. Förståelse avseende utvecklingen av de ryska väpnade styrkorna utgör en viktig pusselbit för att förstå Ryssland. 

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur utvecklingen av de ryska väpnade styrkorna kan förstås ur ett traditionellt respektive ett nytänkande ryskt militärteoretiskt perspektiv. Studien granskar utvecklingen under 2010-13 sett ur två teoribildningar, den traditionella teorin om djupoperationen och den nytänkande teorin om kontaktlös krigföring.

    Studien påvisar att teorin om djupoperationen till stor del kan förklara utvecklingen som skett under perioden och äger en relativt hög relevans som teori och förklaringsalternativ. Teorin om kontaktlös krigföring förklarar delvis utvecklingen i de ryska väpnade styrkorna under 2010-13, främst avseende nya förmågor. Teorin om kontaktlös krigföring äger följaktligen viss relevans både som teori och som förklaringsalternativ. Studiens resultat visar att teorierna kompletterar varandra som förklaringsalternativ då teorierna tillsammans skapar en djupare förståelse för den ryska utvecklingen.  

    Resultatet speglar en förmodad parallell utveckling av två typer av försvar i Ryssland, vilka i dagsläget samexisterar och till del är samordnade. I framtiden kan dessa två försvar utvecklas till ett homogent försvar eller fortsatt konkurrera om resurserna, mycket beroende på den ryska ledningens intentioner och beslut.

  • 284.
    Hassel, Jonas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Privata säkerhets- och militära företag i ett COIN-perspektiv: En fallstudie av Afghanistan2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Private Security and Military Companies (PSMC) has been used more frequently in counterinsurgency(COIN)-operations during the past ten years, where Afghanistan and Iraq are two examples.

    The aim of this study is to examine how PSMC affects security in a COIN-context in a certain overseas contingency operation, in Afghanistan.

    This study proves that PSMC filled an important part and contributed to security within the counterinsurgency effort in Afghanistan during 2008–2011 with two exceptions, concerning base and transport security and concerning corruption.

    PSMC played a prominent part in building military and civilian institutional capacity in Afghanistan, where training, mentoring, partnering and advisory are important key functions. PSMC also contributes to protection of humanitarian and development projects, since fulfilment of many projects depends on the protection from PSMC. The study shows that PSMC efforts to provide base and transport security had a positive impact in terms of relieving regular military units to conduct military operations, but also major negative impact on COIN in terms of using warlords and powerbrokers as security providers. The illicit conduct of local security providers together with widespread corruption undermined counterinsurgency efforts in Afghanistan.

    The study proposes further use of PSMC as military and civilian institutional capacity-builders. In order to improve the security situation and reduce corruption this study proposes better oversight of PSMC and the use of third-country nationals for security, in case regular Coalition and Afghan units are not available.

  • 285.
    Hedlund, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Leadership.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Josefsson, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Command and Control Section.
    Ohlsson, Alicia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Ledarskap och ledning i en förändrad organisatorisk kontext2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande bok har ambitionen att sätta samman tre års forskningsresultat (2016-2018) inom ramen för det av Försvarsmakten (FM) finansierade forskningsprojektet Ledarskap och ledning i en förändrad organisatorisk kontext och omsätta kunskaper till ett pedagogiskt och lättillgängligt material som kan användas i såväl Försvarshögskolans ordinarie kurs- och utbildningsprogram, som enskild läsning eller som utgångspunkt för gruppdiskussioner, seminarier och förberedelser inför något av de teman som tas upp i boken. Bokens innehåll speglar forskningsprojektets sammansättning som består av forskare från Ledarskapsavdelningen i Stockholm, Försvarshögskolans Ledarskapscentrum i Karlstad, och Ledningsvetenskap i Stockholm. Att bokens empiri kommer från militär kontext hindrar inte att bokens innehåll även kan vara av stort intresse för civila läsare, särskilt inom ramen för dem med intresse för civil-militär samverkan i såväl nationella som internationella insatser.

  • 286.
    Hedlund, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Soeters, Joseph
    Nederland Defence Academy.
    Reflections on Swedish Peacekeepers' Self-image and Dilemmas of Peacekeeping2010In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 408-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Soldiers' self-images undoubtedly influence the way they recognize, perceive, plan and conduct their tasks. The article examines the self-image of Swedish peacekeepers in the UNMIL mission in Liberia and the UNMIK mission in Kosovo. The findings are based on interviews with 27 soldiers before, during and after deployment. Eleven dimensions of self-image were found, showing that the self-image refers almost entirely to the peacekeeping and not the war-fighting role. In addition, the Swedish soldiers hold themselves to be excellent peacekeepers. Departing from this observation, we discuss three dilemmas in peacekeeping that have implications beyond the Swedish armed forces. The argument is that being less self-referential may make peacekeeping more successful.

  • 287.
    Hedlund, Tobias
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Manöverkrigets förutsättning: En kvalitativ studie om förhållandet mellan praktik och teori2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The term maneuver warfare is frequently used in western defense doctrines and theoretical

    textbooks. The ambition of the Swedish armed forces is to attempt maneuver warfare in all

    appropriate situations. Theories and doctrines indicate the importance of decentralized command and control systems. Mission command (Auftragstaktik) is one such system and should be applied to all situations of the Swedish Armed Forces. There are theoretical and doctrinal bases for warfare and command, but in practice, what are the preconditions for this? Previous research addresses many theoretical questions but there are flaws in existing studies investigating practical realities.

    The purpose of this study has been to reach a deeper understanding of armed forces ability to maneuver warfare by analyzing conformity of command and leadership perspectives in practice.

    This is an interview-based qualitative case study in which respondent´s statements were analyzed and interpreted in relation to a theoretical framework. The results show that there are prerequisites to command and control systems that promote maneuver warfare, but with limitations that may delimit it effectiveness.

  • 288.
    Hedlund, Victor
    Swedish Defence University.
    Svensk avskräckning: Hur och med vilken trovärdighet?2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The paper examines Swedish deterrence and its credibility as confronted with Russia as a challenger. Previous studies has shown a lack of a clear strategy in the political guidance of the Swedish armed forces and therefore this paper aims to clarify if there is a shared view between these two parts on what type of deterrence Sweden should strive to achieve. The investigation is done as a single case study with qualitative text analysis of contemporary Swedish political and military documents. 

    The result from the analysis show that both the political and military documents contain the same two types of deterrence in the shape of central/denial and extended/denial. The analysis further reveals that both these types fulfill the criteria of credibility to some extent, but the lack of quantity in military capability leads to the result that it’s doubtful whether any of the two types can be seen as credible against Russia.

  • 289.
    Hedvall, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Trender i rysk militär doktrinutveckling mellan 2000-20102012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning:

    Vilka är trenderna i den ryska doktrinutvecklingen under 2000-talet och hur kan dessa karaktäriseras? De ryska doktrinerna vänder sig inte primärt till operativ verksamhet utan är deklaratoriska till innehåll och omfattning och ska tolkas som signaler till omvärlden. Rysslands doktrinutveckling påverkas i stor omfattning av omvärldshändelser där retoriken i början av decenniet indikerar en stor oro för ett försvagat FN, vilket härleds till bl.a. Nato intervenering i f.d. Jugoslavien utan FN- mandat.

    Rysslands geostrategiska läge indikerar ett dilemma då hoten mot Rysslands säkerhet får en omfattande beskrivning i doktrinerna. Rysslands syn på FN har under senare delen av 2000-talet försvagats till fördel för CSTO som vuxit fram som ett möjligt ryskt alternativ till FN men främst som motvikt till Nato. Idémaktsteorin möjliggör att identifiera bl.a. retoriken i de ryska doktrinerna, där teorins institutionaliserade idéer, i främst den ryska militära eliten, påvisar varför förhållningssätt och uttryck i militärdoktrinerna skiljer sig i jämförelse med Vitboken. I detta sammanhang indikerar studien även motsättningar mellan den ryska politiska och militära eliten.

  • 290.
    Helenius, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Leadership.
    Ledning2016In: Uppdragstaktik på svenska: en vän- och debattbok tillägnad överste Jan Mörtberg / [ed] Patrik Ahlgren, Kjell Engelbrekt, Lars Wedin, Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien och Försvarshögskolan , 2016, p. 67-86Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 291.
    Helenius, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Van Crevelds teori om ledning: En logisk prövning2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats analyserar och prövar den ledningsteori som är framlagd av Martin vanCreveld i boken ”Ledning i krig”. Prövningen tar sin utgångspunkt i Poppers metod omteoriprövning. Van Crevelds slutsatser testas först internt och sen överses teoribilningenslogiska form. Slutligen jämförs slutsatserna med andra teorier om ledning ochorganisation. Resultatet visar att Crevelds teorier har sämre intern korrelation än extern.Orsaken bedöms främst vara hans fria hållning och låg precision i egen metod.

  • 292.
    Hellman, Joakim
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Flygvapnets Transformation: Fallstudie i flygutbildningens omtvistade placering2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transformation among armed forces in Europe is a consequence due to shifted security perspective and the growth of international security actors, such as NATO and the EU. Sweden has played an active role in EU to ensure its influence in forming the security policy for the organisation. Some studies mean it´s because of Sweden’s interest in strengthen EUs roll as a security actor they transformed their own armed forces to be able to take part in international operations. This transformation led to what can be called “the Swedish defence dismantle” and some studies mean that it has led to the point where Sweden completely lacks the ability to defence themselves.

    The question is if the ambition to become an active member in these security organisations can explain all the decisions made throughout the Swedish defence-transformation, or if some decisions were made due to other factors?

    By studying the decision process leading up to the decision to locate the flight education to Malmen in Linköping this study seeks to answer why the decision was made. The study also seeks to understand if the decision was made based on rational reasoning or due to a battle between different interests?

    This study shows that the decision was made because it was the only option left after that the decision process had been ruined by a battle between different interests. The decision can´t be seen as a direct consequence of Sweden’s ambition to transform its armed forces to become an interesting partner in the security organisations.   

  • 293.
    Hellman, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Milblogs and soldier representations of the Afghanistan War: the case of Sweden2016In: Media, War & Conflict, ISSN 1750-6352, E-ISSN 1750-6360, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 43-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on the notion that military blogs (milblogs) can support national strategic narratives, the aim of the article is to deepen our knowledge of exactly how blogging that depicts soldiers' personal experiences of 'everyday life' can serve to support a strategic narrative. This article explores empirically how Swedish milblogs published between January 2010 and April 2012 articulate the experience of being a soldier in the Afghanistan mission. The analysis shows that soldiering is treated as an everyday practice, de-dramatized and routinized where military assignments are meshed with civilian duties. The article concludes that the 'normalization' of war in milblogs can potentially serve to strengthen national strategic narratives, facilitate recruitment of soldiers and add to growing 'militarism' in society.

  • 294.
    Hellquist, Joachim
    Swedish Defence University.
    Försvars- och säkerhetspolitisk resonans i militärstrategisk doktrin2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years the political situation in the Baltic sea region has deteriorated. This can mainly be referred to a change in Russia’s threat posture, which has caused Sweden to refocus military strategic doctrine from international peace operations towards national defence. The new doctrine involves elements of deterrence through what is called a “threshold effect” which is aimed at discouraging a potential aggressor from taking military action towards Sweden. The doctrine is implemented despite obvious lack of military power and that recent research questions the usefulness of deterrence strategies. This essay examines to what extent the discourse in political security policy is implemented in development of new doctrine. This is done by examining two cases of doctrine development in conjunction with different discourses in Swedish security policy. The implementation of security policy is viewed as a framing process, where the security policy frame is projected at the Swedish armed forces through a defence bill. The result of the examination show that the discourse in political security policy have a high degree of resonance in the military doctrine but that there are some areas connected to the defence forces narrative and culture where the frame lacks resonance. The adaptation of a deterring threshold affect can be connected to these circumstances. 

  • 295.
    Henning, Victor
    Swedish Defence University.
    Jungle warfare: According to the Armed Forces theory of fundamental capabilities2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [fr]

    Aujourd'hui, les conflits s'enflamment vite et peuvent devenir importants dans un court laps de temps. La tendance des armées occidentales est d'avoir une capacité de déploiement rapide et d'être en mesure de mener des opérations militaires quelque soit le type d’environnement afin de stopper un conflit s’initialisant. La capacité de se battre dans la jungle est donc plus actuelle que jamais.

    Mon travail est une analyse de données qualitatives du combat en jungle dans laquelle j’utilise les principes fondamentaux des forces armées suédoises1 afin de décomposer le sujet et d’obtenir un meilleur aperçu de la guerre dans la jungle. J'utilise également comme méthode l'observation participante en vue d’obtenir une meilleure compréhension de cette dernière. Mon travail est surtout basé sur le plan tactique afin de voir comment une section agit dans ce milieu. J’ai abouti à quatre conclusions:

    - Pour être en mesure de mener une guerre dans la jungle, vous devez être formé, acclimaté et préparé. Si vous ne l'êtes pas, votre pire ennemi sera la jungle elle-même.

    - Dans la jungle, la façon de faire guerre revient aux chefs de groupe et aux soldats plus que quiconque, en raison des courtes distances et des difficultés à poser un appui-feu.

    - Gagner les coeurs et les esprits2 des indigènes est la clé de la mobilité afin de recueillir des renseignements ainsi qu’une certaine autonomie.

    - Il est important d'avoir la suprématie aérienne et d’être en mesure d'utiliser les rivières, en raison de l'avantage gagné par l’utilisation des hélicoptères et des bateaux. En outre, l’ennemi aura un gros désavantage s’il ne peut pas les utiliser.

  • 296.
    Hickman, Karl
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Weissmann, MikaelSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.Nilsson, NiklasSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.Bachman, Sascha-DominikBournemouth University.Gunneriusson, HåkanSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.Thunholm, PerSwedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Hybrid Threats and Asymmetric Warfare: What to do?2018Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The international security environment has seemingly departed from a post-cold war period of everlasting peace and has instead evolved into a volatile and increasingly grey area of war and peace. Security challenges arising from both hybrid wars and hybrid threats are high on security agendas in Sweden and Europe as well as internationally. However, despite the attention there is a lack of research that addresses how such “new” wars and threats should be handled. While studies do exist on specific issues, a comprehensive approach to how hybrid wars and threats are to be handled is still lacking. This is particularly the case when it comes to the sharing of experiences between states. This workshop constituted a first step towards developing such a comprehensive approach.

    The workshop’s aim was to be a bridge across disciplinary boundaries as well as between researchers and practitioners within and outside Sweden; integrating each group’s extensive experiences and knowledge into a coherent whole. Besides producing and disseminating new knowledge, the intention of the workshop was to establish a foundation for long-term collaboration; the first step in the creation of a European Network on Hybrid Warfare Capabilities that can work across borders and link state of the art of research and practice.

    Although mainly a scientific workshop, a number of practitioners were invited, with a mix of presentations by academics and practitioners. This was intended to foster innovative and reflective discussions across the academic-practitioner divide. The workshop also aimed to develop new ideas associated with hybrid threats/warfare in order to facilitate future cooperation

    These proceedings include a summary of the key points made by the presenters, along with conclusions and policy recommendations derived from the ensuing discussions. Conference programme and a list of abstracts for the papers and presentations can be found in the appendix.

  • 297.
    Hjälle, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Expeditionär sambandsförmåga: Framtidens krav på försvarsmaktens samband?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During 2008 a work with developing a concept for expeditionary capabilities began. This resulted in an analytical concept which is the beginning of a long-range work to shape the Swedish Armed Forces to meet the future demands in an more and more complex world. Expeditionary Capability is the mindset that will ensure our success in participating in international coalitions all over the world but also in the readiness of the domestic frontier. Before and parallel with this work Sweden participated in several coalitions that can be looked upon as a expeditionary force. The Concept Development of the analytical concept continues and will do so the upcoming years. Sweden will build up and participate in expeditionary forces disregarding how the nation prepares for it. This essay breaks down the analytical concept into which communication that is required from and to a expeditionary force, take-off from the experiences available today from recent expeditionary coalitions and discuss which expeditionary communication capability Sweden has today and what should be developed in the future. The conclusion is that preparations and plans must be thorough, the equipment must be transportable and the way to communicate must cover all parts of the world.

  • 298.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Karlstads universitet, Handelshögskolan.
    Samhälle, individ och ansvar: en studie om synen på arbetslöshet2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to highlight and to problematize conceptions of unemployment in Swedish society. The questions guiding my work have been: Which conceptions of unemployment emerge in society? How are these dealt with by the unemployed? Work on the thesis has been guided by a social constructionist approach. The empirical findings are constituted by four publications which, in various ways, are linked to overarching aim of the thesis. These publications consist of an analysis of the legal regulation surrounding the unemployed, a study of the activities of civil society organisations working with unemployed and two publications based on interviews with long-term unemployed young adults.

    The thesis provides increased knowledge of conceptions of unemployment in Swedish society. It shows that there is a widespread societal discourse concerning the individual being responsible for her/his unemployment, and that this conception has historically been well-grounded in Swedish labour market and social policy, as well as in people’s understandings. Among representatives of civil society organisations and unemployed individuals, there is also both a questioning of and a resistance to this understanding, indicating a possible change in the discourse. The thesis further shows that the individualisation of responsibility greatly affects individuals’ approaches in social contexts, as well as in their contacts with government agencies, but also when it comes to relationships with politics and political involvement. These insights are significant, for example during both policy formulation and efforts for the unemployed, bearing in mind that consideration needs to be paid to individual prerequisites in order for the individual’s strengths and abilities to be utilized. This is particulary important when it comes to those in an exposed position.

  • 299.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Karlstads universitet, Handelshögskolan.
    Unga långtidsarbetslösa och det individualiserade ansvaret2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 58-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetslöshet förknippas med individen, hennes bristande arbetsmoral och andra personliga tillkortakommanden. Detta är något arbetslösa måste hantera och förhålla sig till. Artikeln syftar till att belysa på vilket sätt diskursen om det individualiserade ansvaret speglas i unga långtidsarbetslösas berättelser och, i synnerhet, hur de arbetslösa unga vuxna tar ställning till den. Resultaten visar tre förhållningssätt till diskursen: konformitet, distansering och motstånd.

  • 300.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Young long-term unemployed and the individualization of responsibilities2016In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 43-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as in most Western societies, a common belief is that unemployment is somehow linked to the individual, her lack of work ethic, or other personal shortcomings rather than to structural causes. This is not only manifested in public arenas such as the media or political debates but also in our social surroundings. In recent years, these views have gained mportance, indicating a shift in the location of responsibilities from the welfare state to the ndividual. This shift entails high demands and expectations on unemployed people and is omething they have to deal with and relate to. One of the most exposed groups is young ong-term unemployed.

    The aim of this article is to highlight how the discourse of individualized responsibility is reflected in unemployed peoples’ stories, and to shed light on the ways in which young long-term unemployed adults relate to and position themselves toward this discourse. Based on 18 qualitative interviews with young Swedish long-term unemployed people, the findings how three approaches to the discourse: conformity, distancing, and resistance.

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