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  • 251.
    Lüning, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Trådlöst nätverk i ett marint basområde2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is the foremost part of the Advanced Command Program and serves as the final exam for the specialist course. It is also the main part of the methodological training. The purpose of this thesis is from a defined specification, analyze two different WLAN-systems and study if they are suitable to function within a Naval Base Area. The first type of wireless network is a modern commercial network solution. The second network solution is a future product that uses the frequency band 58-62 GHz for its communication. The thesis consists of five parts. The first part is a description of the technical background. The second part defines the specification for the wireless network. The third part is a technical introduction to the two different network solutions. The fourth part consists of the analysis where the to network solutions are assessed against the specification. Then the two networks are assessed against each other. The fifth part gives the reader a short summary of the thesis and this part also contains the answers to the thesis asked problems. The analysis shows that only one of the two networks answers to the specification and that is the 60 GHz network. The 60 GHz and it’s stealth capability, which is the networks foremost advantage over the ORiNOCO system, makes the network an appropriate military application especially for a ship within a Naval Base Area where it needs to keep its emitting profile low and still be able to communicate.

  • 252.
    Magnét, Erik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Att hitta akilleshälen: sårbarhetsanalyser till stöd för militär planering2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to contemporary western military doctrines, and Swedish doctrine is no exception, analyses of the centers of gravity of enemy and friendly forces are vital steps in the planning process at the strategic and operational levels of war. Centers of gravity might be attacked or influenced directly or indirectly, ideally by targeting critical vulnerabilities. Critical vulnerabilities are often of a technical nature, as shown by historical experience. A lack of technical understanding might lead to enemy vulnerabilities not being exploited and our own not being adequately protected. According to doctrine, a center of gravity’s key factors should be identified through systems analysis of enemy and friendly forces. However, descriptions of what these analyses are, or how they should be conducted, lack sufficient depth and clarity to be used in practice and provide sufficient quality. This is likely to have negative consequences for continued planning.

    This thesis proposes a developed method for center of gravity analysis, focusing on the identification and evaluation of critical vulnerabilities. The main elements of the method are modeling and classification, where the classification is conducted using a proposed method, supported by a method within the targeting process, and by civilian research into system vulnerabilities. The full method is operationalized in the thesis and tested in a two-case study. The conclusions from the study indicate that the proposed method is usable and has explanatory value in the cases studied. To achieve sufficient quality in the analysis of critical vulnerabilities, in-depth systems knowledge and, not least, resources in terms of staff and time are required. The proposed method needs to be tested in its entirety to evaluate its practical usability.

  • 253.
    Magnét, Erik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vem har beställt det här?: Att utrusta soldaten eller bemanna utrustningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The technical systems supporting command, control and communications (C3) of Swedish army brigades have increased in complexity and their usability has been reduced. The training of signal unit personnel takes longer today compared to ten years ago. In this paper the development of C3 support systems has been studied from a Systems Engineering and Human Factors Integration point of view. The aim of HFI is to put the user in the center of development instead of the technology as such. The empirical material consists of interviews, system requirements documents and other policy documents affecting the army C3 domain.The study indicates that the origin of the technical solutions for national defense use of today was the Swedish Armed Forces’ changed orientation towards international peace support operations during the century’s first decade. The requirements for technical functionality have been superior to the requirement that signal unit soldiers, without access to qualified technical support, must be able to effectively manage the systems. There is reason to assume that an increased HFI focus in system development would lead to systems with better balance between technology and humans, which in turn would increase usability and reduce cost. The paper suggests some actions that might be subject to further studies and evaluation.

  • 254.
    Malmqvist, Filip
    Swedish Defence University.
    Framtida arbetsmetod som stödjer Helikopterflottiljens operativa förmåga2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att utifrån en fallstudie bestående av två fall: Aktuellt läge och Möjligt framtida läge, identifiera den potentiella nyttan med ett helikopterburet varmluftstält på den främre nivån inom helikopter under vinterförhållanden. Studien förväntas bidra till praktiken genom att redovisa en arbetsmetod som stödjer Försvarsmaktens och Helikopterflottiljens operativa förmåga. Grunden inom flygunderhållstjänstens uppgifter och syfte är att leverera luftvärdiga helikoptrar. Den allmängiltiga vetenskapen är att vid låga temperaturer förändras de fysikaliska, kemiska och molekylära förhållandena i material. Detta innebär att tekniken får begräsningar, vilket därmed påverkar tillgängligheten. Författaren använder G. A. Pryor teorimodell för att definierar begreppet tillgänglighet – den tidpunkt ett objekt kan utföra sin primära funktion. Författaren kommer i denna studie se till TPM (tiden det tar för förebyggande underhåll), TCM (tiden det tar för korrigerande underhåll) och TALDT (den logistiska tidsaspekten). Författaren anser att Helikopterflottiljen idag (2018) ej är anpassad för vinterförhållanden. Detta beror på materialbrister och liten erfarenhet från basering i fält med den nya helikopterparken – vilket resulterat i liten tillgång till fastställda rutiner och beteenden. Studien påvisar att anskaffning av ett helikopterburet varmluftstält i praktiken skulle kunna stödja Helikopterflottiljen och utveckla förmågan till att bemöta och avhjälpa en del av de friktioner som föreligger Helikopterflottiljen idag. På så sett kan den taktiska tillgängligheten öka. Vad som talar för anskaffning på bredd av studiens valda metod (helikopterburet varmluftstält) är den faktiska ekonomiska kostnaden för implementering. Vi får inte glömma att utvecklingen inom Försvarsmakten bara kan ske i den takt som ekonomin medger.

  • 255.
    Marcus, Carina
    et al.
    Saab AB, Linköping, Sweden; Linköpings Universitet, Sweden.
    Andersson, Kent
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section. National Defence University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Åkerlind, Christina
    Försvarets Forskningsinstitut, FOI, Sweden; Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Balancing the radar and long wavelength infrared signature properties in concept analysis of combat aircraft – A proof of concept2017In: Aerospace Science and Technology, ISSN 1270-9638, E-ISSN 1626-3219, Vol. 71, p. 733-741Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing combat aircraft with high military effectiveness, affordability and military suitability requires balancing the efforts of many engineering disciplines during all phases of the development. One particular challenge is aircraft survivability, the aircraft's ability to avoid or withstand hostile actions. Signature management is one way of increasing the survivability by improving the ability to avoid detection. Here, the long-wave infrared and radar signatures are studied simultaneously in a mission context. By establishing a system of systems approach at mission system level, the risk of sub optimization at a technical level is greatly reduced. A relevant scenario is presented where the aim is to incapacitate an air-defense system using three different tactics: A low-altitude cruise missile option, a low and medium altitude combat aircraft option. The technical sub-models, i.e. the properties of the signatures, the weapons and the sensors are modeled to a level suitable for early concept development. The results from the scenario simulations are useful for a relative comparison of properties. Depending on the situation, first detection is made by either radar or infrared sensors. Although the modeling is basic, the complexity of the infrared signature and detection chain is demonstrated and possible pivot points for the balancing of radar and IR signature requirements are identified. The evaluation methodology can be used for qualitative evaluation of aircraft concepts at different design phases, provided that the technical models are adapted to a suitable level of detail.

  • 256.
    Marcusson, Gunnar
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Signaturanpassningens betydelse för fartyg vid internationella insatser2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the evolution in stealth technology on war ships, it is interesting to study thenew role of the Swedish Navy according to possible forthcoming Humanitarian and PeaceSupport Operations. The scope of this paper is the consequence of stealth technology on thewar ships capacity during such operations. The question is: How does the signaturemanagement affect naval ships during international Humanitarian and Peace SupportOperations?The main body of the discussion, stealth versus non stealth in each of the given scenarios ofthe operations, is based upon the following three points:- Some different applicable signature management efforts possible to apply on a modernwarship- Three examples of Swedish naval ships used in the discussion- Theories on the role of maritime components in an international Humanitarian or PeaceSupport Operation.Advantages and disadvantages are summed up and commented upon. There are two mainconclusions. Firstly, it is rewarding to continue to use stealth technology on ships for most ofthe defined tasks. Secondly, due to the more or less impossible prediction of the level ofweapon force to be used and different needs in different situations, it would be useful to havethe possibility to alternate between more or less stealth in a relatively short time.

  • 257.
    Maxén, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Dator- och nätverksattacker i internationella insatser2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 258.
    Mitrevski, Nikolce
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Är databaser en begränsande faktor för införandet av EBO (effect based operations) i Sverige?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 259.
    Modig, Kenneth
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Icke statliga kärnvapen - ett sannolikt hot?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 260.
    Mogren, Gustav
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kulsprutebeväpning av svenska transporthelikoptrar: vilka effekter nås av olika placeringar2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 261.
    Molén Eskhult, Emelie
    Swedish Defence University.
    Folkrättsliga problem vid användandet av adaptivt kamouflage2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Adaptiv camouflage is a camouflage system which gives combat vehicles the ability to mimic the heat signature of its surroundings or copy the signature of other objects, to avoid detection or identification.This study conducts an analysis concerning the international legal problems that may arise from the use of adaptive camouflage.The result of the study show that the international legal problems that may arise from the use of adaptive camouflage are; distinction problems, when a combat vehicle can copy the heat signature of a civilian car. This use of adaptive camouflage can be seen as a violation against the principle of distinction.

  • 262.
    Morales-Simfors, Nury
    et al.
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Sivertun, Åke
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Haraldsson, Johan
    Linköpings Universitet.
    GIS-technology in the study of volcanic gas emissions2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 263.
    Morales-Simfors, Nury
    et al.
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Sivertun, Åke
    Linköpings universitet.
    Haraldsson, Johan
    Linköpings universitet.
    Use of Geographical Information Systems in analyzing volcanic gas emissions on the environment at Poás Volcano, Costa Rica2009In: International Latinamerika-Kolloquium 2009. Abstracts and Program: Göttingen, April 7-9 2009 / [ed] Gerhard Wörner, Stefan Möller-McNett, 2009, p. 190-191Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 264.
    Nagy, Gabor
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ska alla kunna allt?: utbildning av JAS 39-divisioner i beredskap för internationella insatser2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
  • 265.
    Nilsson, Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    En fallstudie: Hur påverkas FMVs rutiner för hanteringav informationsöverföringsgränsytor om Semantisk Interoperabilitet införs?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on the fundamentals of military technology – how technology affects military activities. It does so by investigating how elements of Semantic Interoperability (SI) affect the military context, by examining the work of an organization, which is used to working with traditional exchanges of information between computer systems, and how that work would be affected if the first step of SI – the development of application ontologies – were introduced. The organization in question is the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV), which has long experience of the development and maintenance of information exchange interfaces based on dedicated formats and protocols.Since 2006 the Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI) has, on behalf of the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF), conducted SI research focused on investigating how SI could support the development of SAF command and control functions. The essay has been inspired by this research and the reports produced by FOI during the period 2006-2013.The analysis is based on a command and control system and its constituent elements, such as organization, personnel, methodology, and technology, in order to identify how SI affects FMV within these areas. The essay uses a theory-driven one-case study complemented with a theoretical analysis. The study produces empirical data, which is then compared with SI theory using an analytical model.The results show that the introduction of SI in FMV would affect the entire FMV command and control system, particularly the organizational responsibility relationship between SAF and FMV. This is governed by the fact that the need for military domain knowledge will increase with the development and maintenance of ontologies when compared to today’s traditional development. However, SI has several positive attributes; so it is time for FMV and SAF to consider the consequences and aim for development of SI in the future.

  • 266.
    Nilsson, Göran
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles: Teknik och etik: Ett självständigt arbete om obemannade flygande farkoster och deras militära nytta och moraliska dilemman2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Unmanned aerial vehicles, popularly known as drones, have been up to debate since the start of the war on terror, 11th September 2001, and there are still a lot of questions about their use and moral legitimacy. There are a lot of useful applications for this kind of vehicle for example, situational awareness, searching for lost people and attack missions. This study is going to investigate how these vehicles are being used within attack missions and and what their military utility are. Since there are a lot of different opinions on the system in war and conflict, the aim for this study is to make the ethics more concrete and evaluate what military utility this system gives.

    The moral aspects of UCAV, Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle, in conflict and war differ a lot from person to person. Those who are against this kind of system mean that the UCAV, in itself, is a threat and not as much to how it is used. Supporters of the system, on the other hand, argue that similar tactics have been used in war since the 1960s hence the system does not need any change in ethics and morals. However the system has got a negative reputation because of they way it is being used.

    This study shows that it is morally right to use UCAVs when the conflict or war meets a majority of the seven criteria of Just War Theory. However it is not as simple as that, there are a lot more factors that come in play. The population of the nation and its interests in the conflict or war, the threat level and what kind of profit the nation will acquire through it are important factors. If all of these criteria are met then the use of UCAVs for attack missions can be seen as morally just.

  • 267.
    Nilsson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Hydroakustisk kommunikation: nya förmågor i marinen?2002Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with this thesis is to show a need of and the possibilities with hydroacousticcommunications between submarines, suface vessels and helos. Submarine actions raises specificdemands regarding communications. Today communications to and from Swedish submarines are carriedout mainly by electromagnetic waves, e.g radio, which restrains their tactical performance. Within the frameof the new network based defence it will be necessary to use new dimensions of communication.Hydroacoustic communications uses soundwave propagation in water which is considerably different fromradiowave propagation in air. The Baltic with its brackish, layered water raises specific demands on thedesign of a hydroacoustic communications system aswell as it creates possibilities. In a number of tacticalsituations a capacity to communicate by hydroacoustic means should imply that the Navy would achievenew or enhanced abilities. It is also a necessary dimension to use to be able to incorporate submarines innetwork based defence. Other nations have since many years had an ability to transmit simple messagesby analougus means. Swedish research within the area shows that it is possible to take a new step towardsdigital communications under water. The results which have been reached by simulations and field trialspoints out the possibilities in extending the tactical communications to comprise submarines by usage ofhydroacoustic measures. The thesis describes the demands that should be posted upon a hydroacousticcommunications system designed for Swedish purposes.

  • 268.
    Nilsson, Johanna
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Utveckling av flygtaktiken för att möta det nya hotet2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    While participating in international missions, the Swedish Air force may encounter new kinds of threats. This result in a needed adaptation or change in flight tactics to avoid aircraft damage. The light weight plans of the 21th century have a low degree of protection and the opponent can affect the material and construction with small arms.

    The purposes of this essay is to analyze how the new threats differ from what the Swedish Air force faces on a national level, and also analyze how small arms affects composite and in turn affects the flight tactics.

    I have initially used a descriptive method of the empiri and thereafter I used an analytic method in order to later on discuss and finding a conclusion on how the flight tactics need to be adapted and changed for international missions.

    In the conclusion I found that low caliber fire affects the composite material in a high degree, which means that the projectile will deform, disfigure and go straight through the material. I also discuss alternatives for the takeoff and landing procedures in a way that will reduce the exposure time and avoid the affects that the opponents can make on the aircraft.

  • 269.
    Nilsson, Jonas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Command and Control Methods at Sub-unit Level: Mission Command and Self-synchronization2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to explore command and control at sub-unit level. Theoverarching method adopted by the Swedish Army is mission command, derived intodirective command and restrictive control. Although a new main battle tank with anoperational battle management system has been introduced, few changes can betraced with respect to methods of command and control. Starting out with describingthe prescribed way of command and control at sub-unit tank units, the effects whenutilizing alternative methods were explored. In order to do this, the theories of theLaw of Requisite Variety, the Viable System Model and theories on DynamicDecision Making were used to analyze data produced by a tank platoon. In order toexplore the effects of self-synchronization, five combat missions were conductedusing two different methods. A seminar discussion provided further insights inunderstanding the results. From the conclusion of these investigations, a hypothesisis derived, alleging the possible use of directive command at sub-unit level and inwhat context self-synchronization could be utilized. The relevance of the hypothesisis then discussed in a wider context referring to military operations on urbanizedterrain.The results indicate that initiative and the ability to explore given opportunities areexperienced as being greater if directive command is applied instead of thetraditionally restrictive control. Concerning the utilization of the battle managementsystem, my conclusion is that the potential of the system is not yet fully explored.The basis of this statement is the declared opinion of a lack of adequate training, andthere is also an outspoken discrepancy in willingness to use the system.

  • 270.
    Nilsson, Patrik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Blända kommersiella UAV:er med laservapen2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces today have problems during exercises with unidentified UAVs located over the exercise area. UAVs which can observe exercises and map infrastructure and abilities. This paper aims to investigate what capabilities a handheld laser pointer would create to counteract the problem of UAVs that are located over training areas or adjacent to protected area. The thought of examining handheld laser pointers is that handheld laser pointers are not large, heavy or energy-intensive, which would enable them to spread within the Armed Forces to all services. Experiments with different handheld laser pointers are performed to investigate the effects they give at a certain distance. Experiments are also carried out to check at which distances a specific UAV can perform reconnaissance assignments, as well as the ability to detect a UAV at various distances with and without aids. The experiments showed that if the observer is aware of the direction of the UAV, it is possible to detect it at 600m distance with aids and at 500m without. The experiments also showed that laser gives a glare effect at 75m which is not close to a UAV's possible reconnaissance distances.

  • 271.
    Nilsson, Per
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kan vi inte ha en sån där istället?: om teknisk kravställning på ett fartygsbaserat UAV-system2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work revolves around unmanned aerial vehicles, UAVs, meant to bebased onboard naval ships. Rules and regulations, standards and current ship,helicopter and UAV systems form a framework for system requirements for aUAV system derived from a scenario. The requirements, traceable to abilitiesdescribed in the Swedish naval doctrine, the naval environment and currentsubsystems, are finally presented as a proposal for evaluation criteria andmeasures of merit.

  • 272.
    Nordfjäll, Rickhard
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Taktisk värdering av bekämpningssystem för eldunderstöd till markförband2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 273.
    Nordlander, Robert
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Hur nyttjar Försvarsmakten kompetensen från tekniskt chefsprogram Ledning/Telekrig?: en analys utifrån de senaste sex årens (1998-2003) examinerade elever2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 274.
    Nordlunde, Kristian
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Information management - styring av informasjonen i det nettverksbaserte forsvaret2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As in many western countries, the concept of Network Centric Warfare is the visionand goal for the transformation of the armed forces in Norway and Sweden. In theNorwegian introduction to this concept, it is stated that Information Management willbe a major challenge. What the challenge consists of is on the other hand not defined.On this background this study, gives a conceptual and broad picture of whatInformation Management is, and why it is important. Important factors to take intoconsideration to achieve effective information management are discussed, and themost important factors to have in focus from the beginning, are highlighted.Further the Swedish and Norwegian transformations of the armed forces into a conceptof Network Centric warfare are discussed with focus on aspects consideringInformation Management. In order to find the state of consciousness on importantaspects of Information Management in the two countries transformation processes, theresults of this discussion are finally analysed on background of the highlightedconclusions from the introductory chapter considering Information Management.Conclusions of the study shows that Information Management consists of a broad spanof knowledge and skills, including human aspects, enterprise and organisationalaspects, as well as technological aspects. Another conclusion is that the main goal ofinformation management is: Getting the right information in the right form to the rightpeople at the right time and in the right place. As a consequence of this, it is shownthat information management can be seen as all kind of processes supporting this goal.Different factors to take into consideration are found, and an important conclusion isthat the real information needs (not the wants) are the most important factor to keep infocus to succeed in achieving effective information management. This must be thebasis of how all the other factors are solved.The final analysis shows that Norway has a good consciousness of what informationmanagement is, and what factors are the most important to keep in focus during thetransformation process. Positive conditions for development of successful informationmanagement are present.Technology has so far been in front in the Swedish development into new networkcentric concepts. Information needs as well as organisational and methodical aspectsare up to now not focused in the same way. However a change in priority is shown,and it is now a growing consciousness in Sweden about the importance of focusing onhow the organisation wants to work, and the information needs this generate. The planis now that these aspects are to make the basis of how the other functions are solved.On this background it is shown that more positive conditions for development ofeffective information management also are on its way here.

  • 275.
    Nordquist, Leif
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Utveckling av "All Electric Submarine" något för Sverige?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In numerous countries there is an ongoing development of a so-called "all electric ship"(AES) which means that the traditional operating system consisting of engine -reductiongear-shaft-propeller, is to be replaced with various types of electrical motors that drive thepropeller. This trend continues also in the ship’s auxiliary systems, i.e. hydraulic andpneumatic pumps, rotary engines and pistons are replaced by electrically operated actuators.The purpose with this development is to reduce the radiated noise, reduce energyconsumption, reduce maintenance costs, increase the predicted useful service life andimprove flexibility in the design of the ship.The objective of this independent essay is to ascertain what technical/tactical advantagesSweden can achieve if Swedish submarines embrace AES. This independent essay will belimited to a few of the auxiliary systems on board a submarine. It will examine whethertoday's hydraulic system can be replaced by electrically operated actuators on the basis of thefundamental tactical capabilities, command and control, intelligence, weapon effectiveness,mobility, endurance and protection.The method used to analyze the potential benefits of a development of submarines towardsAES is an analysis of texts; this analysis is based on qualitative thinking. The method alsoincludes quantitative aspects in terms of LCC, energy effectiveness as well as other subjects.The result shows that a change over to electric actuators can provide benefits in the followingfundamental tactical capabilities, intelligence, endurance and protection.While the fundamental tactical capabilities, command and control, weapon effectiveness andmobility are expected not to be affected.

  • 276.
    Nordström, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Atmosfärens påverkan på det taktiska utnyttjandet av elektromagnetisk vågutbredning för radar och optiska sensorer?2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with this paper is to show how different atmospheric conditions have aninfluence on the tactical utilization of the electromagnetic propagation and the necessity for anoperator to understand and make an assessment of the effects.Sensors that use the electromagnetic spectra are more and more common in our militarysystems. Weather and the atmosphere effect the transmission and the propagation ofelectromagnetic waves. Different atmospheric and weather phenomena effect the choice offrequencies and wavelength of the sensors and create restraints in utilization. Utilization ofsensors and systems to detect and track targets and threats demands knowledge in how toassess how the sensors or the systems are affected when they are used in different climatic andweather conditions. The need for this is great and in the future it will increase when we willmore and more be relying on the technical expedient to detect and destroy a target in combatenvironment. In the future, a changing environment with international commitments in aclimate that is very different from the Swedish climate, will further influence the tests and theknowledge that is required. The paper describes situations where weather has an influence onutilization of electromagnetic waves for radar and optical sensors. The paper also looks intothe need for education in meteorology and weather influence.

  • 277.
    Nordwall, Torkel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Cyberkrigföring - ett offensivt konventionellt instrument 2010? ELLER Försvarsmaktens framtida behov av CNA-förmåga2002Student paper otherStudent thesis
  • 278.
    Norsell, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Stockholm Contributions in Military-Technology 20072008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Norsell, Martin
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Jäppinen, Ilkka
    Finnish National Defence University.
    Eliasson, Per
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Silfverskiöld, Stefan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    The Mutual Coupling Between War Fighting Capabilities and Military-Technology2011In: Stockholm Contributions in Military-Technology 2010 / [ed] Åke Sivertun, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan , 2011, 1, p. 21-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In modern warfare the dependence on and interaction with technology is internationally undisputed. Starting from the currently used definition of the academic subject of Military-Technology in Sweden and Finland this interaction is analyzed with reference to Swedish and Finnish doctrine. An elaborate discussion is given about how progression in the subject of Military-Technology is achieved compared to other military sciences. This paper aims to highlight that the current focus on command levels might not necessarily be suitable for strengthening the war fighting capabilities. Finally, the Military-Technology connection and contribution to the war fighting capabilities will be discussed and emphasized. The shortcomings and pitfalls of the currently used methods will also be discussed. Furthermore, the necessity of having a Military-Technology perspective to increase quality and relevance in officers’ education is stressed because it is shown that the war fighting capabilities and Military-Technology interaction is strong based on the Swedish and Finnish doctrine.

  • 280.
    Nylander, Martin
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Sensorbestyckning av taktiska obemannade flygande farkoster: UAV'er (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) ; för underrättelseinhämtning och positionsbestämning2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper has been to investigate and present some possible sensor alternatives, which in a future perspective of 10 years, will be possible to implement in a Swedish UAV such as the Swedish UAV  system “Ugglan”. A focus on the tasks for the UAV system has been at the tactical level with  an emphasis  on intelligence and directing fire from artillery. Finally, the purpose has been to make an assessment and to propose what sensor alternative or alternatives in combination (multi-sensor solution) will be the most optimum solution for the tactical UAV. The method which has been used in the paper is initially in the form of a description and subsequently in a comparative form. Some possible sensor alternatives have been chosen and described with regard to qualities, both from positive and negative aspects. Furthermore, the future battlefield has been described. After this, a  comparison has been made between the chosen sensor systems in order to find the most optimum sensor solution which can fulfil the demands. The sensor solution which the author would have wished to recommend for a future Swedish tactical UAV has proved to be impossible to implement because it is too heavy and has too great a volume. The chosen sensor solution is a multi-sensor solution consisting of a camera for navigation, a LLTV (Low – Light TV) for recce and finally a SAR – radar (Synthetic Aperture Radar) and a LADAR (laser radar), which are the main sensors for reconnaissance and positioning of targets. The advantages with this sensor solution are the possibilities to carry our surveillance independently of weather conditions, a very good possibility of separating and therefore detecting targets and also a very good possibility of positioning targets. The greatest disadvantage is the system’s low field of view.

  • 281.
    Ohlson, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Bränsleceller i taktisk enhet2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the Armed Forces many units are provided with electricity from generators. It is now possible to replace noisy and vibrating generators used today with more quiet fuel cells. As a bonus, we obtain better ergonomics for those working in units powered by generators. This report describes the function of different types of fuel cells, what fuels they use and how they can be transported. Furthermore it shows how two generators are used and what improvements can be achieved when switching to fuel cells. Finally the military benefit of retrofitting is analyzed.

  • 282.
    Ohlson, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Taktisk högenergilaser i luftvärnssammanhang2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will illustrate possibilities and limitations in the use of high energylaser to shoot down air targets. The essay has no ambition to cover the wholearea in this field, only to exemplify some possibilities.

  • 283.
    Olofsson, Emil
    Swedish Defence University.
    Räcker metoderna till?: En fallstudie om ammunitionsröjning i marin miljö2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är skriven inom ramen för ämnet Krigsvetenskap under författarens  studier på yrkesofficersprogrammet 2009 -2012 till nautisk officer. I studien beskrivs risker och metoder i samband med att ammunition omhändertas. Syftet är att belysa en problematik som ammunitionsröjare skulle kunna möta idag då de metoder som finns idag främst är avsedda för röjning på land.  De senaste åren visar en ökad frekvens av attacker utanför Somalias kust. I samband med den här typen av attacker finns chansen att behov av nya metoder också uppstår.  Uppsatsen prövar befintliga ammunitionsröjningsmetoder mot den miljö som möts utanför Somalias kust. Uppsatsen baseras på rapporter från svensk ammunitionsröjningspersonal som befunnit sig i adenviken men också från International Maritime Bureau.

  • 284.
    Olsson, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Förnybar energi för ett minskat logistikberoende2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag används det elverk för att försörja Försvarsmaktens militära enheter med elektricitet, vilket har blivit nästintill oumbärligt för att många viktiga funktioner skall fungera. Elverken drivs med diesel, ju större behov av elektricitet en enhet har desto mer diesel. Detta leder till att det krävs många transporter för att tillfredställa detta behov. Med förnybar energi såsom solkraft eller vindkraft försvinner transportbehovet då dessa system är autonoma. Har utvecklingen inom sol- och vindkraft nått tillräckligt långt för att det skall vara rimligt att nyttja dessa system för att elförsörja militära enheter med de krav som finns rörande detta?

    Uppsatsen behandlar vad som skulle krävas för att med förnybar energi elförsörja en militär enhet baserat på förhållanden på två olika platser som ligger inom ramen för Försvarsmaktens uppgifter, kopplat till NBG08. Det som legat till grund för analysen är var teknikutvecklingen ligger idag inom sol- och vindkraftområderna. Undersökningen omfattar en fiktiv enhet som drar relativt mycket elektricitet.

    Analysen visar att för att försörja en relativt stor enhet krävs stora areor, att jämföra med en tredjedels fotbollsplan vid goda förhållanden med solceller. Med vindkraftverk behövs likväl 10 till 20 av storleksordningen 10 m höga för att klara elförsörjningen.

  • 285.
    Olstad, Gaute
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Computer network operations (CNO): det norske konseptet i et internasjonalt perspektiv2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 286.
    Osbeck, David
    Swedish Defence University.
    Har Sverige genomgått en Revolutions In Military Affairs?2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The most up-to-date definition of Revolutions in Military Affairs (RMA) is defined by military an-alysts as the role of technology in transforming military affairs. Despite the amount of literature on how RMA impacts great powers the significance of RMA for small states is limited. Is RMA suffi-cient and suitable to define a change in small states security strategies? The purpose of this study is to analyze to what extent RMA can be traced in Swedish strategy implementation after applying Francis Domingo’s theory of small states security strategies.

    The method used in this essay is a case study that analyses to what extent RMA can be found and proven by using the strategy implementation factors defined in Domingo’s theory.

    The result of this study shows that only two out of four strategies can prove RMA in Sweden’s implementation of security strategies. The result gives reason for criticism due to Domingo’s the-ory’s inability to trace and prove RMA and its implication in a small state’s security strategies.

  • 287.
    Palmgren, Anton
    Swedish Defence University.
    GRKPBV 90 – Militär nytta kopplat till teknisk tjänst2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study deals with the introduction of a new self-propelled artillery called Granatkastarpansarbandvagn 90, GRKPBV 90, linked to technical service. The study takes a military technical approach, as historically, technical service is more than rarely overlooked in military contexts. GRKPBV 90 is based on an idea of a self-propelled battalion battery that was already under development in the 1990s, called Granatkastarpansarbandvagn 90120, but not realized. Previous studies have shown that there may occur problem when introducing technical systems with regard to, for example, technical service. The new technical system GRKPBV 90 that will be introduced into the Armed Forces can be complex and may affect military activity and, in particular, technical service. The military benefit that is central to military activity should be linked to the introduction of a new military technical system and the technical service.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to explore how the introduction of a new technical system, in this case GRKPBV 90, may affect the technical service of a mechanized unit and how it can affect the availability of indirect fire capability.

    Research question: How does the introduction of GRKPBV 90 affect the technical service of a Swedish mechanized connection?

    Method: To answer the question posed, the study uses a qualitative method in the form of a case study containing a literature study and interviews.

    Result: The study shows that the answer to the research question is that the impact of the introduction on the technical service of the mechanized links may be small in terms of structure and education. The reason for this is GRKPBV 90 military suitability, that is, the military utility of the system. However, the technical service may be strained with the fact that more vehicles can involve more mechanics, tool kits and spare parts. All in all, this may affect the technical availability of the GRKPBV 90 and, in turn, the availability of indirect fire capability.

  • 288.
    Pekkari, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    C-RAM: en amerikansk akronym eller en svensk förmåga?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis in Military Technology deals with whether the Armed Forces, with mainly pre-existing equipment and using a technical active protection solution, can achieve enhanced protection capability against indirect fire. The capability sought is primarily for, but not limited to, the purpose of obtaining greater protection for the Swedish Armed Forces’ international camps. The threat, typically mortar ammunition and rockets, should within the framework of a technical active protection solution be detectable in order to provide early warning and preferably also interception before reaching its target. The results of the thesis are presented as possibilities for the Swedish Armed Forces today and as recommendations on how this capability can be achieved in the longer term.

  • 289.
    Persson, Anders
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ledningssystem för indirekt eld - så erhålls optimal verkan i framtiden2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about which future solution for an artillery command and controlsystem that will be needed for an effective suppression. The purpose is todescribe some parts of the artillery system. The main issue is “In what wayshould the integrated command and control system for indirect fire be designedto match the demands in the future to achieve an optimised effect”.The question will be divided into three sub-sections by answering it in relationto different time-periods: “In near future” up until the year 2007, “Aperspective for 2010”, implying from the year 2008 to 2012 and “A vision for2020”, which means after the year 2013. As a starting point for being able toanswer this question, I will use a description of the artillery system anddemands from the Swedish Armed Forces on what a command and controlsystem for artillery should consist of. This paper will highlight, among otherthings, how the functionality for indirect fire should get the maximum effectowing to the command and control system and the needs in a multinationalenvironment for an exchange of fire and targeting data in order data to achieveeffect.

  • 290.
    Persson, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Division of Microsystems Technology, Uppsala, Sweden; Uppsala University, Ångström Space Technology Centre, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Berglund, Martin
    Uppsala University, Division of Microsystems Technology, Uppsala, Sweden; Uppsala University, Ångström Space Technology Centre, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Khaji, Zahra
    Uppsala University, Division of Microsystems Technology, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sturesson, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section. Uppsala University, Division of Microsystems Technology, Uppsala, Sweden; Uppsala University, Ångström Space Technology Centre, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Uppsala University, Division of Microsystems Technology, Uppsala, Sweden; Uppsala University, Ångström Space Technology Centre, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Thornell, Greger
    Uppsala University, Division of Microsystems Technology, Uppsala, Sweden; Uppsala University, Ångström Space Technology Centre, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Optogalvanic spectroscopy with microplasma sources: Current status and development towards a lab on a chip2016In: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, ISSN 0960-1317, E-ISSN 1361-6439, Vol. 26, no 10, article id 104003Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Miniaturized optogalvanic spectroscopy (OGS) shows excellent prospects for becoming a highly sensitive method for gas analysis in micro total analysis systems. Here, a status report on the current development of microwave-induced microplasma sources for OGS is presented, together with the first comparison of the sensitivity of the method to conventional single-pass absorption spectroscopy. The studied microplasma sources are stripline split-ring resonators, with typical ring radii between 3.5 and 6mm and operation frequencies around 2.6 GHz. A linear response (R2 = 0.9999), and a stability of more than 100 s are demonstrated when using the microplasma source as an optogalvanic detector. Additionally, saturation effects at laser powers higher than 100 mW are observed, and the temporal response of the plasma to periodic laser perturbation with repletion rates between 20 Hz and 200 Hz are studied. Finally, the potential of integrating additional functionality with the detector is discussed, with the particular focus on a pressure sensor and a miniaturized combustor to allow for studies of solid samples.

  • 291.
    Persson, Andrée
    Swedish Defence University.
    Additiv tillverkning inom ramen för Försvarslogistik2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines whether it is theoretically possible to replace the manufacture of spare parts with 3D printers. By explaining the type of spare parts that are possible to recreate with a 3D printer, a template is presented for what should be the decision tree for additive manufacturing. The essay examines three possible spare parts of varying load, thermal as mechanical, and complexity. The essay has examined how the spare parts specifications relate to the raw materials provided by the manufacturers of different 3D printers. The essay has come to the conclusion that there are categories of spare parts that are fully possible based on the theory of making with 3D printers. The template used in the analysis is designed in such a way that it can easily be used to investigate spare parts' ability to print with 3D printers. Additive manufacturing will not revolutionize the logistics organization and solve all its problems. But by investing in technology, logistics in the Armed Forces could be streamlined.

  • 292.
    Persson, Björn
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division. KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Assessment of Aircraft Radar Cross-Section for Detection Analysis2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hiding from and surprising an opponent are tactics that have been used in warfare throughout history. They were features that aircraft originally possessed when they were first used in military operations. However, development of military technology is an endless struggle between advances in technology and counter technology. During World War II this struggle led to the development of a new technology called radar, which was designed to detect sea vessels and aircraft at a distance and deny them the element of surprise. This laid the foundation for modern air defenses and simultaneously created a need for aircraft to penetrate such defenses. Central to the tactics and technological development that followed from the deployment of radar on the modern battlefield is the radar cross-section (RCS) of aircraft, which dictates the range at which aircraft can be detected by radar. In this thesis some aspects of the RCS of aircraft in radar detection are investigated. A combination of experimental measurement of aircraft and digital model development of the RCS of aircraft has been used.

    From flight experiments, the uncertainty in aspect angle to a threat sensor, due to aircraft dynamics, is quantified for various aircraft. In addition, the RCS fluctuation behavior of a military jet trainer is investigated by dynamic in-flight measurement. The monostatic and bistatic RCS of an F-117 are modeled and findings show that spline interpolation provides superior accuracy when interpolating the RCS data. Smooth and conservative RCS models are suggested and a new RCS sampling scheme is presented. A model based on experimental data is suggested for determining the range of aspect angles that an aircraft is likely to orient towards a threat sensor, and experimental RCS data is compared to the classical Swerling radar target models.

    Possible consequences for military operations and the design of military systems are discussed and considerations for modeling the interaction between air defenses and aircraft penetrating those defenses are given.  

    This thesis should be of interest to military actors and the defense industry, since the analyses of the ability to detect aircraft using radar are important for military operations and their planning.

     

  • 293.
    Persson, Björn
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division. KTH.
    Radar Target Modeling Using In-Flight RCS Measurements2017In: Journal of Aircraft, ISSN 0021-8669, E-ISSN 1533-3868, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 284-291Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A flight experiment with the Saab 105 aircraft and the radar cross-section measurement system Arken has been performed at C and Ku bands. Two types of trajectories were flown and the flight state was recorded using inertial and satellite navigation equipment.  The data was used to recreate the flight in a simulator where aspect angles and range to the measurement system could be calculated. The measured radar cross-section as a function of time is presented and compared to various statistical fluctuation models, including the distributions used in Swerling cases. Findings show that the Generalized Pareto distribution fits the measured data best and that Swerling Case 2 is also a good candidate for describing the dynamics of the radar cross-section at Ku-band when the aircraft approaches the radar head on. The measured radar cross-section data was analyzed using the Fast Fourier Transform from which fluctuation rates for different carrier frequencies and trajectories could be estimated.

  • 294.
    Persson, Björn
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division. KTH.
    Bull, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Empirical Study of Flight-Dynamic Influences on Radar Cross-Section Models2016In: Journal of Aircraft, ISSN 0021-8669, E-ISSN 1533-3868, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 463-474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, measurements and a method for analyzing flight-dynamic effects on radar cross-section models for aircraft are presented. Flight-dynamic effects need to be considered when designing combat aircraft and creating target models for radar simulators. The work is based on flight data from three different types of aircraft: Piper PA-28 Archer II, Boeing 737, and Saab JAS 39 Gripen. Using inertial navigation and global-positioning systems, the motions of the three aircraft are recorded in flight. From the data, aspect angles toward a radar station located in the extension of the intended flight path are generated using a simulator. It is found that the major contribution to perturbations in aspect angles is due to the rotational degrees of freedom and that bivariate normal distributions are a good candidate for approximating the uncertainty in aspect angles for all three aircraft types. It is also found that each rotational degree of freedom is close to a normal distribution but that the parameter values of the distribution vary with altitude and aircraft type.

  • 295.
    Persson, Björn
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Norsell, Martin
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Conservative RCS models for simulationArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Persson, Björn
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Norsell, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Conservative RCS Models for Tactical Simulation2015In: IEEE Antennas & Propagation Magazine, ISSN 1045-9243, E-ISSN 1558-4143, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 217-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a procedure for generating conservative radar cross section (RCS) models able to meet the computational requirements imposed by simulation and related applications. The key concept is to downsample calculated or measured RCS data retaining local extreme values; thus, a conservative RCS matrix is obtained. Spline approximations are used in order to obtain continuity in the RCS models. RCS models with varying resolution have been generated and analyzed, and it is shown how spatial Fourier transforms can be used when determining feasibility for certain decision making applications. Furthermore, it is found that the interpolation errors obtained from the conservative RCS models are well described by generalized extreme value theory.

  • 297.
    Persson, Björn
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division. KTH.
    Norsell, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    On Modeling RCS of Aircraft for Flight Simulation2014In: IEEE Antennas & Propagation Magazine, ISSN 1045-9243, E-ISSN 1558-4143, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 34-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the implementation of the radar cross section (RCS) of aircraft in modeling and simulation (M&S). More specifically, it addresses the tradeoff between accuracy and computational cost introduced by spatial RCS fluctuations. High-resolution RCS matrices, generated using Physical Optics (PO), were used in an investigation of RCS matrix resolution, and an evaluation of different bilinear interpolation methods is presented. The spatial Fourier transform was used for resolution analysis. It was found that the smallest RCS interpolation error was obtained using splines. Furthermore, results showed that the distribution of the relative interpolation error in detection range was well approximated by a log-normal distribution.

  • 298.
    Persson, Björn
    et al.
    Department of Vehicle Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Norsell, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Reduction of RCS Samples Using the Cubed Sphere Sampling Scheme2016In: Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, ISSN 1937-8726, Vol. 48, p. 103-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An alternative to the traditional method of sampling radar cross section data from measurements or electromagnetic code is presented and evaluated. The Cubed Sphere sampling scheme solves the problem of oversampling at high and low elevation angles and at equal equatorial resolution the scheme can reduce the number of samples required by approximately 25%. The analysis is made of an aircraft model with a monostatic radar cross section at C-band and a bistatic radar cross section at VHF-band, using Physical Optics and the Multilevel Fast Multipole Method, respectively. It was found that for the monostatic radar cross section, the Cubed Sphere sampling scheme required approximately 12% fewer samples compared to that required for traditional sampling while maintaining the same interpolation accuracy ever the entire domain. For the bistatic data, it was possible to reduce the number of samples by approximately 45% for high sampling resolutions. Using spline interpolation the number of samples required could be reduced even further. 

  • 299.
    Persson, Jerker
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Broarbeten: finns det behov av dem i insatsförsvaret och hur ska broarbeten kunna skyddas?2002Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates what bridging capabilities the Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF) will be requiring in the future andhow to protect bridging from enemy detection and fire in a future combat situation.The purpose of the thesis is to find out what needs of bridging abilities that will be required in the future and whatrequirements this will lead to in a future combat environment. A suggestion of how to protect bridging from enemydetection and fire will be presented.The method of conducting studies presented by the SwAF will be applied. First, background information will becollected. The need for bridging abilities will be identified and the requirements from future combat environments willbe presented, as well as a possible technical development. Subsequently, a number of alternatives for protectingbridging will be presented. The different alternatives will be compared to each other and conclusions from thecomparisons will be drawn. Finally, a suggestion for a solution of how to protect bridging from destruction andproposals for work to be done will be presented.The suggestion for how to protect bridging will be a combination of the different alternatives. The occurring abilities ofSwAF units will be used within the context of Network-centric Warfare. Using signature management technology,multispectral water fog and decoys will enable bridging in the future. The Ribbon Bridge system will meet futurerequirements, but M 3 bridging equipment will enhance the probability of surviving and being successful. The ability toknow one’s own emission, primarily in the electromagnetic spectrum, as well as the capability of building new accessroads will enhance the protection of bridging.

  • 300.
    Persson, Robert
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Hur kan effektiviteten i planeringen av svensk pilotutbildning ökas?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine if it is possible to improve the efficiency in Swedish pilottraining by improving the planning and the scheduling.The planning of training belongs to a type of activities that can be categorised as schedulingproblems. That is, some kind of action where resources will be allocated to activities that will bescheduled over time. One way to solve these kinds of problems is to use optimisation methods.These are mathematical models and methods aimed at finding the best (optimum) alternative in adecision-making situation.In this thesis the planning of Swedish fighter pilot training is compared with a similar Turkishactivity. This is done with the purpose to examine if it is possible to use the Turkish optimisationmethods to increase the efficiency in the planning of the Swedish training.The thesis shows that it is possible to receive great improvement in efficiency if optimisationmethods are implemented in a successful way but that it is difficult to transfer experiences fromone problem to another. One important conclusion is that the efficiency in the planning isprimarily dependent on organisation, working methods and principles for resource utilisationrather than using optimisation methods.

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