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  • 251.
    Hagstedt, Tobias
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Arktis i skuggan av Ukraina: en studie om den säkerhetspolitiska utvecklingen i Arktis ur ett svensk perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic is today an area of opportunities when it comes to science, new international trade routes and exploration of natural resources among other things. It is also an area of potential conflict about who has the right to the natural resources. All the littoral states in the area are backing up their sovereignty claims with increasing military presence. Russia stands out as the country with the most ambitious arctic policy. In the light of the Ukraine conflict and the resulting worsening international relations between Russia and the west, the purpose of this study is to contribute to the situational awareness when it comes to how the security situation in the Arctic is developing. Since Sweden is an Arctic state, the development in the Arctic will have an impact on Swedish security policy and the Swedish defence forces. The study focuses on the Swedish public debate and aims to identify trends of development within military, economic and political security. The main conclusion is that the security situation in the Arctic, within the limits of this study, is moving towards securitizing and increased risk of conflict. This is to some degree linked to the events in Ukraine because of the economic sanctions that USA and the EU put on Russia, and also because Russian actions in the Ukraine have increased the western countries perception of Russia as a military threat. The study also shows an increasing connection between development in the Arctic and other parts of the world.

     

  • 252.
    Dinniss, Heather A. Harrison
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    'Armed Attack' and Article 51 of the UN Charter2013In: Modern law review, ISSN 0026-7961, E-ISSN 1468-2230, Vol. 76, no 1, p. 187-190Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Hult, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Arms acquisition: Why is it so difficult?2010In: Militærteknikk, ISSN 0806-6159, no 2-3, p. 32-35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 254.
    Hult, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Arms Acquisition: Why is it So Difficult?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are several examples of failed arms acquisition programs, where costs have been underestimated, and unproven technology misunderstood.

    Arms acquisition programs seem to suffer from particular difficulties, judging from the results obtained. This is not only a U.S., and to some extent U.K., phenomenon, although the debate is by far most active in those two nations. The problems express themselves as cost overruns, delayed deliveries, and fundamental, sometimes insoluble, technical challenges. The term “acquisition” is here used for the complete life cycle process of a system, covering concept generation, design phase, prototypes, volume production, operational use, various upgrades, and disposal. The problems are typically, but not always, encountered in the design phase.

    Is military acquisition inherently more difficult than similar programs in non-military business areas? The fact that these programs are usually paid for by public money, that large sums of money are involved, and that programs often are not competed, all contribute to making these programs much more prone to extensive media coverage, in particular concerning any failures, compared to similar big-money, high-tech programs in the private sector.

    In this paper we will examine the technologies involved and their sometimes extraordinary pace of development, some inherent difficulties with big military programs, the fundamental difficulties with cross-border collaboration and the funding challenges in times of austerity, and we will propose some remedies.2We believe that the conclusions of this paper are relevant e.g. for the ongoing negotiations for Sweden-Brazil military cooperation and arms acquisition.

  • 255.
    Björnermark, Jonathan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Armén vs Flygvapnet: Uppföljning och hantering av materiella brister inom den tekniska tjänsten2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Technical Service is one of the cornerstones that make the Swedish armed force operational. Handle and manage failure within technical materials are, among other tasks, something that technical service needs to deal with. The aim with this paper is to examine two different systems that handle the follow-up of different failures, one system from the army and one system from the airforce. Based on the aim, the systems will be compared and discussed through different points of view, focusing on the advantage and disadvantage. Looking at the background description of the systems, it shows that ARGUS and DA go two different tracks when they do a follow up. ARGUS focus on the follow up of the material, while DA focuses on the follow up in an individual aspect. Further in the background, it shows that, the same procedure isused in the report process, a four-step-model. The background is followed up by an analysis of two different cases where the follow up systems is the main point and after that, a discussion around the result was made. During the discussion, the writer of this paper made up some conclusions, and those are as follows. In the beginning, the ARGUS system was complicated to use. The fact that you needed to type in the report twice in two different kinds of systems made it complicated to use. However, this problem, were fixed due the integration of the system within another system. In the DA system, everyone that uses this system needs to be loyal against the system, due the lack of connection between report and report writer. As a summary of the whole paper, the writer recommends a system that has both of these parts, in other words, both individual follow up and materials follow up, might make the system more effective.

  • 256.
    Nordberg, Stefan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Arméofficerens fysiska prestationsförmåga2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The transformation of the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) from the Cold War conceptto today’s mission-oriented SAF with units designated for international operations. This,combined with Swedish political ambition to increase SAF commitments to operations abroad,affects the demands placed on the physical capacity of Swedish armyofficers.Purpose: To examine Swedish armyofficer ability to fulfill Nordic Battle Group physicalrequirements.Theory: A competence model and theories related to it have been utilised.Method: An abductive method has been applied and empirical results have been gained fromquestionnaires and interviews.Main result: A minority of armyofficers aren’t aware of the new physical requirements of thetransformed Armed Forces. However, most armyofficers’ physical capacity corresponds to therequirements of the new mission-oriented SAF. Nevertheless, the study concludes that there isroom for improvement concerning Swedish armyofficers’ physical capacity.

  • 257. Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Espevik, Roar
    Ars vitam tollendi: kunsten å slå i hjel2013In: Pacem : militært tidsskrift for etisk og teologisk refleksjon, ISSN 1500-2322, E-ISSN 1503-2116, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 5-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 258.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Arthur Stille2010In: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, Stockholm: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon , 2010, Vol. 164, p. 489-493Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Article 28: Retained Personnel2016In: Commentary on the First Geneva Convention: Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field / [ed] International Committee of the Red Cross, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016, p. 764-785Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 260.
    Johansson, Linda
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Maritime Operations Section.
    Artificiell intelligens och konstgjord moral2018In: Religion & Livsfrågor, ISSN 0347-2159Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Hård af Segerstad, Per
    Swedish Defence University.
    Artificiella neurala nät för datorseende hos en luftmålsrobot2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is aimed at increasing the knowledge to those concerned within the Armed Forces by providing information on the possibilities of modern artificial intelligence (AI).

    Motivation comes from observations of civilian technology on the use of AI in the field of Computer Vision showing performance equaling the level of the human vision when using the technology of Deep Learning of Artificial Neural Nets. In air-combat aircraft the pilot´s vision is used for recognizing the aircraft that is about to be shot down. For example when utilizing helmet mounted displays, the seeker of an air-target-missile is directed upon the aircraft on which the pilot´s eyes are looking. However when air-target-missiles are utilized beyond visual range the pilot´s vision cannot help in directing the seeker on a specific target. Therefore computer vision within an air-target-missile is studied.

    The results of the study support that the technology of neural networks may be used in an air-target-missile and that computer vision provided by this technology can do the job of recognizing a combat aircraft.

  • 262.
    Jonsson, Klas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Artilleri - i framtidens armé eller på armémuseum?: har artilleri någon roll att fylla i den svenska försvarsmakten 2010-2020?2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the extensive changes which the Armed Forces are undergoing within the framework of a RMA-concept (Revolution in Military Affairs), there are reasons to examine what systems are needed to meet future demands. The aim of this thesis is to clarify if tube- or rocket artillery brings any unique abilities to the battlefield of tomorrow. Thus justifying upgrading existing, and/or procuring new equipment. In order to evaluate if artillery has any unique system abilities, the demands in terms of fire support in the timeframe 2010 -2020 are described. After this, the capabilities of artillery- as well as other potential fire support systems are defined. The fire support demands are based on an analysis of two main sources. Initially the most important document concerning the Armed Forces’ aims, objectives and evolution, FMI 2020, is analysed. After that, demands based on the principles of maneuver warfare are listed. The capabilities of systems are founded on modern artillery systems, JAS-39 in the ground attack role together with up to date attack helicopters and surface to surface missiles. For each type of system, operational conclusions are drawn, and presented accompanied by a predicted system evolvement within the specified timeframe. The systems abilities are based upon independent sources, or such connected to the Armed Forces. By evaluating to what extent each of the fire support platforms has the ability to meet the various demands, it is possible to ascertain if artillery is in any way unique. It is this way shown that artillery is irreplaceable by any of the other systems in two aspects. They are both connected to availability. The two areas are – the ability to engage short dwell targets, and the ability to perform direct support tasks to maneuver units

  • 263.
    Carlström, John
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Artilleri i internationella insatser2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Artillery is used daily in Afghanistan as part of support to maneuver units through force protection and show of force. Sweden has introduced the new artillery system Archer. Archer has not yet been tested internationally. This creates a need for the collection and analysis of experiences from international operations with artillery units. The main purpose of this study is to compare the new Swedish howitzer Archer with howitzers used by other countries in Afghanistan to be able to draw conclusions that determines Archers functionality in an international context. The main conclusion is that the Archer system is well suited for an operation in Afghanistan. Archer is able to solve many of the tasks that American artillery units have been solving in Afghanistan. Archer's main advantages are the armored crew compartment, the long range with accurate modern grenades and the ability to autonomously conduct fire missions. Two main weaknesses have been identified with Archer. Archer needs illuminating grenades in order to implement the show of force. The opportunity for strategic air transport of Archer is limiting and the only option at present is to borrow air transport resources from other nations.

  • 264.
    Hallström, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Artilleri i nationell konflikt: En studie om finländskt principfokus i det Finska vinterkriget och en jämförelse med svenska artillerireglementet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska något begränsade artilleri-förmågan skall kunna verka effektivt i alla konfliktnivåer och detta skapar behov av erfarenhetsinhämtning av tidigare konflikter. Finska vinterkriget har i denna uppsats behandlats för att utvärdera en konflikt av nationell karaktär liknande den svenska försvarsmakten skulle kunna ställas inför.

    Undersökningen behandlade två områden; ”Mannerheim-linjen” och ”Norr om Ladoga” på grund av dess olika karaktär och på så sätt behov av finsk taktikanpassning. Analysen genom kvalitativ litteraturstudie genomfördes med utgångspunkt i teorin krigföringens principer. Analysen skulle sedan mynna ut i ett antal principer som verkade framgångsfrämjande för artilleriets användande. En jämförelse gjordes senare mellan resultatet av studien och svenska artilleriets tänkta principfokus idag.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att principerna måste vägas mot varandra för att vara framgångsfrämjande, dock framträdde principer som stridsekonomi, samordning, mål och målsättningar samt god anda som viktiga dels som enskilda principer men även för att kunna möjliggöra andra principers uppfyllande.

     

  • 265.
    Samuelsson, Emil
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Artilleribataljonen och vapenanskaffning: taktiskt eller organisatoriskt rationellt?2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish armed force has changed from defending the country from invasions to a military force that can be used as a military intervention at different places around the world. This change has meant that some organizations has been discontinued and reorganized. The artillery is one of the branches of the fighting services who have gone from several regiments to only one. The artillery battalion is recognized as a unit that has a long range and powerful impact. With 15,5 guns they support the maneuver units. Today the artillery battalion have 8cm mortars as secondary armament, a weapon that has bad range compared to 15,5 guns and a weapon that can’t penetrate armored targets and has bad accuracy. This essay is a study about why the artillery battalion has acquired 8 cm mortars. Is it because of tactical rational reasons or is it because of organizational rational reasons? The essay takes stand from two hypotheses that explain why the artillery battalion has acquired 8 cm mortars. The study indicates that the artillery battalion increases their assignments by acquiring 8 cm mortars. This enables the battalion theoretical possibilities to compete for places in missions or places in the Nordic battlegroup. The study also analyses the artillery battalion’s tasks, tasks that the organization should manage. The artillery battalion has, according to the result, not the resources to solve all the assignments without the 8 cm mortars. Therefore it is tactical rationally to acquire 8 cm mortars assecondary armament.

  • 266.
    Vikström, Daniel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Artilleribataljonens sensorkompani: behov teknisk kompetens2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 267.
    Lejholm, Tobias
    Swedish Defence University.
    Artillerifartygen, strategin och Försvarsbeslutet 1958: En studie av konceptet Fleet-in-being2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker Marinens uppbyggnad och omstrukturering i och med Försvarsbeslut 58.Marinen gick från en flotta uppbyggd kring två stridsgrupper med en kryssare som ledare, stödfartygvar jagare och motortorpedbåtar i formationen till att efter beslutet gå mot ett kustförsvar medtorpedbåtar och kustartilleri.Uppsatsen undersöker huruvida möjlighet fanns att bedriva Fleet-in-Being innan Försvarsbeslut 58och efter genomförandet. För att kunna göra detta analyseras Fleet in Being främst utefter två storateoretiker, Alfred Thayer Mahan och Sir Julian Corbett, för att urskilja om det finns ett visst agerandeeller punkter som måste uppfyllas för att Fleet-in-Being ska vara applicerbart.Analysen av Försvarsbeslutet visade att Flygvapnet till stor del skulle ta över försvaret av Östersjönutifrån delkonceptet som sammanfaller Fleet-in-Being, bland annat att slå mot försörjningslinjer. Manräknade med att flygplanens förluster skulle fortskrida så hastigt att man inte kan upprätthålla detaktiva långtgående hot som Fleet-in-Being kräver.Resultaten som uppsatsen kommit fram till visade på att Marinen hade god förmåga till Fleet-in-Beinginnan Försvarsbeslut 58 genomfördes. Marinen hade till viss del Fleet-in-Being även eftergenomförandet med de jagardivisioner som sattes samman. Att Flygvapnet var tänkt att på egen handagera mot ett överskeppningsföretag baserades på bedömningar och antaganden som gav enmissvisande bild av dess förmåga.

  • 268.
    Artilleriregementet - Artilleriets stridsskola: självständiga arbeten i krigsvetenskap Försvarshögskolan Yrkesofficersprogrammet 2006-20092009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 269.
    Algotson, Olle
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Artilleritaktik: Kodifiering i två tidsepoker, konsekvenser?2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Artillery Tactics Codification in two eras, consequences? - The Swedish Artillery is in the process of instituting a new howitzer system to the artillery battalion. Not only is the new howitzer system being introduced, but also a new artillery regulation. The regulation currently used is a preview release called Förhandsutgåva Artillerireglemente Artilleribataljon 2012. The aim of this work is to analyze how the essential abilities demonstrated in the current regulations compare with its forerunner Artillerireglemente Artilleribataljon 1985. How are the basic abilities depicted in the regulations and do the tactics in relation to the abilities differ between the current and the old regulation? Through a qualitative analysis of the regulations with the basic text from the 1985-years edition, selected parts are to be compared and analyzed. Thereafter, tactical implications of differences between the regulations are discussed. The results points to obvious differences in how clearly the essential abilities are presented in the regulations. Causes for these differences as well as the overall design of the regulations are argued in the discussion.

  • 270.
    Åselius, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Arvet efter 1968 - den svenska utrikespolitiken2013In: Arvet efter 1968: Studier kring ett problemområde / [ed] Lennart Berntson och Svante Nordin, Lund: Axel och Margaret Ax:sons Johnsons stiftelse för allmännyttiga ändamål , 2013, 1, p. 121-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Pehrsson, Christer
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Arvet eller framtiden?: en förändring av den svenska operativa underrättelsebedömandemetodiken2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background that gave rise to this paper is the change in the world around us during the last decade and Sweden’s ever increasing involvement internationally by sending units and officers to multi-national staffs. This paper discusses how the Swedish Method of Operational Intelligence Assessment will change in comparison to the Joint Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace of the US (JIPB).The paper begins with the hypothesis that the JIPB is more detailed and penetrates deeper into more areas than the Swedish equivalent. The paper continues with a description of the two models. In this connection, the American model is described fairly exhaustively. After this part, the two models are analysed and compared with the purpose of answering the overall question of whether or not the Swedish Method of Operational Intelligence Assessment should be retained, changed or if a transition to the JIPB should take place. The result indicates that a change to the American model will occur, though with certain additions from the Swedish equivalent. Finally, a suggestion is made for the continued development within the area of Operational Intelligence Assessment at an operational level.

  • 272.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Arvid Eriksson Stålarm2013In: Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon / [ed] Åsa Karlsson, Stockholm: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon , 2013, p. 149-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 273.
    Skill, Karin
    et al.
    Antropología de la Universidad de California en Santa Cruz, USA..
    Baez Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). School of Global Studies, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Asambleas socioambientales en la Argentina: Activismo como Agenciamiento2017In: Etnografías Contemporáneas, ISSN 2451-8050, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 200-224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [es]

    En la Argentina del siglo XXI, la asamblea se ha convertido en una figura de movilización política y social. Las asambleas argentinas muestran rasgos transnacionales de acción colectiva contemporánea, pero también se caracterizan por discursos y prácticas relacionadas con los procesos políticos particulares de la Argentina y Latinoamérica. En este artículo se examina la asamblea argentina como un agenciamiento y se analiza cuáles son los elementos heterogéneos que se relacionan en y durante las asambleas. El análisis se basa en diferentes investigaciones etnográficas recientes, a saber, en la anti-minera Asamblea El Algarrobo en Andalgalá, en la Unión de Asambleas Ciudadanas y en la Asamblea Permanente por los Afectados de la Inundación en la Ciudad de Santa Fe.

  • 274.
    Backlund, Patrik
    Swedish National Defence College. General Jonas Zemaitis Military Academy of Lithuania.
    Asault rifles: Comparison, analysis and future trends2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a large worldwide market for assault rifles. Many armed forces need new weapons when their old cold war equipment starts to break down. Throughout the world today, the development of new variants of assault rifles continues and the defence industries are doing business across the globe. Customers demand low prices and high quality.

    Objective: To investigate assault rifles that are currently being used around the world, how they evolved and which factors are important in the development of a future assault rifle, and to compare two widely used assault rifles to explore the differences and determine which one is better.

    Methods: A qualitative study of literature combined with a multi-target analysis of two assault rifles from a given scenario in an urban area.

    Results: Small arms have been the soldier's main weaponry for hundreds of years, and will continue to be so for many years to come. Development of the future assault rifle will be based on such factors as shooting distance, size of magazine and weight. The AK5C rifle was ranked number one ahead of the G36E rifle in the comparison as it was smaller and therefore easier to use in confined spaces.

    Conclusion: Many current rifles are similar in performance and size. Development of the future rifle will not only depend on the rifle itself, but also on the accessories, including ammunition, and the possibilities for customization.

  • 275.
    Amphan, Kevin
    Swedish Defence University.
    ASEAN, Sydkinesiska Havet och Säkerhetsgemenskap: En studie om säkerhetsintegrering inom ASEAN2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has attempted to answer why a stronger response isn’t seen from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in the South China Sea when two of its member states are vocal claimants of islands in the sea. According to the theory of security communities created by Karl Deutsch, members of a security community should have the same perception of external threats and deal with threats against another member of the community as a threat to their own state and well-being. This is not the response we have seen from ASEAN, but instead a divided ASEAN has tried to organize various forums to create dialogue with China on implementing the 2002 Declaration of the code of conduct in the South China Sea (DOC) as well as creating a binding version of a Code of Conduct (COC). This weak and divided response to China's expansive claims in the South China Sea could be due to weak security integration within the organization.

    Through discourse analysis of statements by all ASEAN member states concerning the South China Sea I conclude that there has been an increased level of security integration within ASEAN, where member states now have started to define threats and values ​​equally. Still there exists a considerable wedge in the view of China as a threat, which stands in the way of full security integration and in turn this stands in the way for ASEAN to become a fully mature security community.

  • 276.
    Persson, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Aspekter på ledning2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Hultberg, Julia
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Aspergers syndrom i Försvarsmakten?: En studie om hur diskrimineringslagen implementerats i antagningsprocessen till grundläggande militär utbildning2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den första januari 2009 infördes en ny gemensam diskrimineringslag som gäller för flera svenska samhällsområden. Lagen syftar bland annat till att personer med en funktionsnedsättning har rätt att bli bedömda utifrån sina egenskaper och förmågor. När jag fick höra att personer med Aspergers syndrom har svårt att antas till grundläggande militär utbildning blev jag intresserad av att undersöka detta närmare. I denna uppsats undersöker jag Försvarsmaktens antagningsprocess och rekryttest, diskrimineringslagen och olika styrdokument från Försvarsmakten sett utifrån ett perspektiv hos en person med Aspergers syndrom. Min slutsats blir att personer med Aspergers syndrom förefaller bli diskriminerade i Försvarsmaktens antagningsprocess. Dessa personer har enligt Försvarsmaktens styrande dokument möjligheter att söka och antas till grundläggande militär utbildning, men på grund av utformningen av rekryttestet ges dessa personer inte möjlighet att ta sig vidare i processen. Deras funktionsnedsättning blir ett hinder i antagningsprocessen.

  • 278.
    Radell, Viktor
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Aspirantutbildningen2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 279.
    Baroutsi, Nicoletta
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division. Linköping University.
    Berggren, Peter
    FOI.
    Nählinder, Staffan
    Linköping University.
    Granlund, Rego
    Santa Anna IT Research Institute, Sweden.
    Turcotte, Isabelle
    Laval University, Canada.
    Tremblay, Sébastien
    Laval University, Canada.
    Assessing development of team training2014In: ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings. Book of Papers / [ed] Starr Roxanne Hiltz, Mark S. Pfaff, Linda Plotnick, Patrick C. Shih, The Pennsylvania State University, USA , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 280.
    Nolan, Annette
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för språk (KV Språk).
    Assessing Professional Military English Language Skills in Sweden and its Neighbouring States2014In: Baltic Security and Defence Review, ISSN 1736-3772, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 234-253Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 281.
    Berggren, Peter
    et al.
    FOI.
    Johansson, Björn JE
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Baroutsi, Nicoletta
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Turcotte, Isabelle
    Laval University, Canada.
    Tremblay, Sébastien
    Laval University, Canada.
    Assessing team focused behaviors in emergency response teams using the shared priorities measure2014In: Proceedings of the 11th International ISCRAM Conference / [ed] S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih, Pennsylvania, USA: ISCRAM , 2014, p. 130-134Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work in progress paper is to report on the method development of the Shared Prioritiesmeasure to include content analysis, as a way of gaining a deeper understanding of team work incrisis/emergency response. An experiment is reported where the performance of six trained teams is comparedwith the performance of six non-trained teams. The experiment was performed using an emergency responsemicroworld simulation with a forest fire scenario. Dependent measures were simulation performance, the CrewAwareness Rating Scale (CARS), and content analysis. Trained teams performed better and scored higher onmeasures of team behaviors.

  • 282.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Assessing the Capacity for Total War: Swedish Military Attachés and National Characteristics in the Interwar Baltic Sea Area, 1918-19392014In: Nations at war : why do nation participate in wars, and why not?: proceedings of the 13th annual conference of the partnership for peace consortium CSWG / [ed] Harold E Raugh; Jordan Baev, Sofia: G.S. Rakovski National Defense Academy , 2014, p. 41-62Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 283.
    Berggren, Peter
    et al.
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Björn J E
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, Information and Aeronautical Systems, Linköping, Sweden.
    Baroutsi, Nicoletta
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Assessing the quality of Shared Priorities in teams using content analysis in a microworld experiment2017In: Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, ISSN 1463-922X, E-ISSN 1464-536X, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 128-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective, easy to use, and easy to comprehend assessment methods for measuring shared understanding in teams are hard to find. This paper describes an experiment where a measure called Shared Priorities, which is based on ranking of self-generated strategic items, is assessed. Trained teams were compared to non-trained teams in a dynamic problem-solving task. The maturity of the participating teams was also assessed using a content analysis measure. The Shared Priorities measure was used alongside other well-documented measures of team awareness based on self-rating. Results show that the Shared Priorities measure correlates with task performance and could also distinguish between trained and non-trained teams. However, the Shared Priorities measure did not correlate with the other team measures (cf. CARS – Crew Awareness Rating Scale – and DATMA – Distributed Assessment of Team Mutual Awareness), suggesting that it captures a different quality of teamwork than the self-rating measures. Further, the Shared Priorities measure was found to be easily administered.

  • 284.
    Persson, Björn
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division. KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Assessment of Aircraft Radar Cross-Section for Detection Analysis2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hiding from and surprising an opponent are tactics that have been used in warfare throughout history. They were features that aircraft originally possessed when they were first used in military operations. However, development of military technology is an endless struggle between advances in technology and counter technology. During World War II this struggle led to the development of a new technology called radar, which was designed to detect sea vessels and aircraft at a distance and deny them the element of surprise. This laid the foundation for modern air defenses and simultaneously created a need for aircraft to penetrate such defenses. Central to the tactics and technological development that followed from the deployment of radar on the modern battlefield is the radar cross-section (RCS) of aircraft, which dictates the range at which aircraft can be detected by radar. In this thesis some aspects of the RCS of aircraft in radar detection are investigated. A combination of experimental measurement of aircraft and digital model development of the RCS of aircraft has been used.

    From flight experiments, the uncertainty in aspect angle to a threat sensor, due to aircraft dynamics, is quantified for various aircraft. In addition, the RCS fluctuation behavior of a military jet trainer is investigated by dynamic in-flight measurement. The monostatic and bistatic RCS of an F-117 are modeled and findings show that spline interpolation provides superior accuracy when interpolating the RCS data. Smooth and conservative RCS models are suggested and a new RCS sampling scheme is presented. A model based on experimental data is suggested for determining the range of aspect angles that an aircraft is likely to orient towards a threat sensor, and experimental RCS data is compared to the classical Swerling radar target models.

    Possible consequences for military operations and the design of military systems are discussed and considerations for modeling the interaction between air defenses and aircraft penetrating those defenses are given.  

    This thesis should be of interest to military actors and the defense industry, since the analyses of the ability to detect aircraft using radar are important for military operations and their planning.

     

  • 285.
    Lundberg, Carl
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Christensen, Henrik I
    Assessment of Man-portable Robots for Law Enforcement Agencies2008In: Stockholm Contributions in Military-Technology 2007 / [ed] Martin Norsell, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan , 2008, p. 189-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Young, Stephanie
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Stern, Eric
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Assessment Report on EU-wide Pandemic Vaccine Strategies2010Report (Other academic)
  • 287.
    Hellman, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Assuming great power responsibility: French strategic culture and international military operations2016In: European participation in international operations: the role of strategic culture / [ed] Malena Britz, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 23-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 288.
    Petkovic, Marko
    Swedish Defence University.
    Asymmetrisk konfliktteori i marin miljö: Ett teoriutvecklande anspråk2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom krigsvetenskapen används asymmetrisk konfliktteori för att förklara utkomsten av konflikter. Data under 1900-talets andra hälft visar att mer än varannan asymmetrisk konflikt slutar till den svagares fördel. Hur kan en relativt svagare aktör dra fördel av detta?

    Med en kritisk teoriutvecklande ansats syftar arbetet till att studera hur relativt svagare aktörer kan dra fördel av asymmetriska strategier i marin miljö. Detta sker genom att placera begreppet strategisk interaktion i relation till marina strategier vilket bildar arbetets teoretiska ramverk och på så sätt bidrar till en utveckling av teoribildningen.

    Genom en hypotesprövande fallstudie av sjöfartskriget i konflikten mellan Iran och Irak uppvisar det teoretiska ramverket samverkande förklaringsfaktorer. Detta innebär att strategisk interaktion inte entydigt eller enskilt kan förklara utkomsten av asymmetriska konflikter. Två kompletterande och i någon mån konkurrerande faktorer visar sig ha stort förklaringsvärde, intresseasymmetri och hur väl rustad den relativt svagare aktören är. Konkret betyder detta att en kombination av oväntad teknik och taktik tillsammans med en tydlig intensitet i uppträdandet kan påverka utkomsten av konflikten.

    Studiens viktigaste resultat visar att framtida studier fordras för att bekräfta interaktionseffekterna i det teoretiska ramverket och hur arbetets beroende variabel – framgång ska förstås av samtiden.

  • 289.
    Larsson, Gustaf
    Swedish Defence University.
    Asymmetrisk Krigföring: ett tvetydigt begrep2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The military concept of asymmetric warfare has become both popular and ambiguous in military scientific discourse. Even though the debate amongst scholars has been focused on what kinds of power may cause a conflict to become asymmetric, the concept is also often used to describe unconventional war against former colonial nations.

     

    The purpose of this study is to compare how asymmetric warfare has been described by the Swedish Armed Forces, in military theory literature and the article which founded the concept. By concept analysis, asymmetric warfare is analysed through John Gerrings metatheory.

     

    The result shows that the concept is indeed ambiguous and broad in its meaning. The scientific literature describes the concept as debated and imprecise; the Swedish Armed Forces describe asymmetry in warfare as inequality of motives between two actors. This study contributes to the military discourse by highlighting the concept of asymmetric warfare as uncertain in its meaning. It also explains what approach the Swedish Armed Forces takes to the concept.  

  • 290.
    Nordström, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Atmosfärens påverkan på det taktiska utnyttjandet av elektromagnetisk vågutbredning för radar och optiska sensorer?2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with this paper is to show how different atmospheric conditions have aninfluence on the tactical utilization of the electromagnetic propagation and the necessity for anoperator to understand and make an assessment of the effects.Sensors that use the electromagnetic spectra are more and more common in our militarysystems. Weather and the atmosphere effect the transmission and the propagation ofelectromagnetic waves. Different atmospheric and weather phenomena effect the choice offrequencies and wavelength of the sensors and create restraints in utilization. Utilization ofsensors and systems to detect and track targets and threats demands knowledge in how toassess how the sensors or the systems are affected when they are used in different climatic andweather conditions. The need for this is great and in the future it will increase when we willmore and more be relying on the technical expedient to detect and destroy a target in combatenvironment. In the future, a changing environment with international commitments in aclimate that is very different from the Swedish climate, will further influence the tests and theknowledge that is required. The paper describes situations where weather has an influence onutilization of electromagnetic waves for radar and optical sensors. The paper also looks intothe need for education in meteorology and weather influence.

  • 291.
    Jönander, Fredrika
    Swedish Defence University.
    Att arbeta mot ett gemensamt mål: En fallstudie om samverkan och förutsättningarna för samverkan under ebolautbrottet i Västafrika 2013-20152017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 292.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Att bedöma framtiden: Svenska militärattachéer i östersjöområdet 1920-19392012In: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, no 2, p. 173-192Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 293.
    Löfgren, Ulrika
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Att bli utbildare: En studie av kadetters syn på hur de formas till utbildare2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Officers in the Swedish Armed Forces educates their soldiers in various skills and arenas. The Officers get their educational training in officer training courses conducted by the Swedish Armed Forces or the Swedish national defence college. The aim of this study was to find out how the cadets, belive that they are formed into educators, their views on the literature being used in the Swedish armed Forsces, and their views on leadership and educational science.

    Methods: The data for analysis were collected in spring 2010, by use of a questionnaire among cadets studying the tactical/operational program Ta/Op 07/10 at the Swedish national defence college. The respons rate was 69, 6 %.

    Results: The majority of the cadets thought that experience was the most important factor in becoming a good educator. Most of the cadets also thought that the literature being used by the Swedish armed forces was good, however, few cadets stated that they will use the material for reflection on their own teaching when working as officers.

    Conclusions: The Cadets had a positive attitude towards the educational philosphy and literature being used, but few will use the literature in reflecting on themselves as teachers. Cadets belive that they mainly will become good educators through experience, and that it is important that leaders and managers in Swedish armed forces have knowledge about educational science.

  • 294.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Berggren, Anders W.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Att bränna eller bygga broar?: En pilotstudie om interkulturell samverkan under internationella missioner ur ett organisationsperspektiv2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 295.
    Nell, Fanny
    Swedish Defence University.
    Att bygga luftslott med politiska verktyg: En kvalitativ undersökning av policyinlärning på federal nivå efter oljeläckor i USA2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Kriser beskrivs skapa förutsättningar för lärdomar eftersom krisen av sin natur indikerar att verksamheten inte fungerat som den ska. Politikerna svarar ofta snabbt med att de tagit lärdomar av krisen för att kunna förbättra det fortsatta arbetet, men när vi inte ser tillräckliga förbättringar för att undvika fler kriser – har då våra politiker lärt sig? Om politikerna faktiskt implementerar lärdomar i verksamheten efter kriser är en fråga värd att undersöka. Denna studie grundar sig i teorin om policyinlärning och undersöker hur politiker implementerar lärdomar med hjälp av policyer skapade efter kriser. Hundratals oljeläckor sker varje år i USA orsakade av säkerhetsbrister hos ledningar som transporterar farliga ämnen genom landet. Samtidigt rapporterades det år 2010 att mängden olja som spilldes under året kunde likställas med mängden år 2001, nio år tidigare. Flera lagförslag introduceras årligen i hopp om att förbättra säkerhetsarbetet kring ledningarna och undvika sådana förödande oljeläckor som sker. Den här studien utgår från en policy som introducerades år 2004 och innebar stora förändringar för säkerhetsarbetet, bland annat skapandet av en ny myndighet med större ansvar att ställa hårdare federala krav på företagen. Studien undersöker två stora oljeläckor från år 2006 och 2010 för att kategorisera lärande i ett långsiktigt perspektiv efter policyn år 2004. Studiens resultat visar att myndigheten över tid fick för lite resurser för att uppfylla sitt riskförebyggande arbete och undvika oljeläckorna. Därmed visar studien att den omorganisering som policyn år 2004 innebar inte var tillräckligt genomtänkt där lärdomar inte implementerats på djupet för det fortsatta arbetet. Policyn diskuteras därmed ha varit en illusion för politikerna att visa allmänheten att de gjorde något åt problemet, trots att de på djupet inte förändrade sitt arbete.

     

    Nyckelord: Policyinlärning, enkel- och dubbelkretsinlärning, kris, lärande, federal nivå, oljeläckor, USA, pipeline-safety

  • 296.
    Lindberg, Jonas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Att dra lärdomar av traumatiska händelser: en jämförande fallstudie om policyförändringar och lärandeprocesser avseende personskyddet i kölvattnet av morden på Olof Palme och Anna Lindh2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Learning from traumatic events: a comparative case study of governmental close protection policies in the aftermath of the murder of Olof Palme and Anna LindhViolent and threatful crimes against politicians are as despicable as any other crime acts against citizen. However, if politicians are targeted solely due to their position – the act can seriously damage the state and central government.

    This paper compares reports of government commissions and investigations which were initiated after the murder of Swedish prime minister Olof Palme in 1986 and secretary of state Anna Lindh in 2003. The purpose is to analyse and compare the conclusions and distinguish the main arguments that led to those conclusions and decipher similarities and differences through the lens of Tom Christensen’s instrumental perspective as well as Peter May’s social policy learning theory. The methodological approach of a qualitative method for this study fosters a deeper understanding of the ideological stances. Furthermore, the qualitative approach of conducting interviews with officials in various government positions has allowed for a more nuanced and thoughtful analysis. Together with the commissions and report, the interviews provide a holistic perspective of the two timeframes.

    The research question has been posed as follows: When comparing government commissions regarding the close protection of the central government, which essential similarities and differences can be distinguished?

    The result suggests that, an ideological change regarding main threats against the central government has taken place. The main policy discussions in the aftermath of the murder of prime minister Olof Palme was terrorism and if it could have been prevented at the time being. One major policy change was the build-up of the Swedish counter-terrorist unit. The main policy discussions in the aftermath of the murder of Anna Lindh was the issue of citizens with severe mental illnesses and how to detect those that pose serious threats to the central government at an earlier stage.

    Furthermore, given the conclusions of the commissions and reports, it is possible to determine that ”social policy learning” has occurred as according to Peter May’s theory. However, the study also notes an crucial exception; government officials in need of close protection can henceforth conform the structure of it and determine whether they want it or not.

  • 297.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Att fatta beslut i staber under stress: Vad skapar ett dåligt utfall2005Report (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Bremberg, NiklasStockholms universitet och Utrikespolitiska institutet.Holmberg, AritaSwedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Att forska: praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Grankvist, Klas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Att få ut effekt av ett förband: En flerfallstudie av motivation och sammanhållning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det ligger i Försvarsmaktens intresse att förbandens effekt är så hög som möjligt. Speciellt som Försvarsmakten har minskat i storlek sedan försvarstransformationen i början av 2000-talet och antalet internationella insatser har ökat under samma tidsperiod. Flygvapnets transportflygförband TP84 har sedan försvarstransformationens start i stort sett varit insatt i en större insats eller internationellt åtagande varje år fram till 2015. Det är därför intressant att undersöka hur variablerna motivation och sammanhållning, vilka inverkar på förbandets effekt, har påverkats av ledarskapet. Med den kunskapen kan ledarskapet utvecklas och därmed eventuellt öka förbandets effekt. Fallstudier genomfördes på fem olika fall i insats med TP84. I varje fallstudie fick flygstyrkechefen svara på påståenden gällande ledarstil och besättningsmedlemmarna fick svara på påståenden gällande faktorer som enligt teorin påverkar motivation, sammanhållning samt frågor gällande ledarstil. Analysen av fallstudierna visar att besättningsmedlemmarna upplever en tydlig positivitet gällande motivation och sammanhållning och att flygstyrkecheferna utövat ett ledarskap enligt modell utvecklande ledarskap. Konklusionen av det är att flygstyrkecheferna i TP84 insatserna utövat ett ledarskap som enligt teorin påverkar förbandets effekt positivt. Fallstudierna visar att det finns mindre individuella skillnader i ledarskapet mellan flygstyrkecheferna. En utveckling av ledarskapet skulle öka motivation och sammanhållningen hos besättningsmedlemmarna och därmed förbandets effekt. Det skulle kunna uppnås genom att cheferna till exempel genomför grundkursen i utvecklande ledarskap vilket ger en insikt i vilken ledarstil de har och hur de kan utvecklas.

  • 300.
    Sundström, Jerker
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Att förändra förändringen, att leda till leda: en kritisk analys av Försvarsmaktens strategiska förändringsarbete av ledningsstrukturen2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this essay was to analyze The Swedish Armed Forces capacity asan organization to create conditions to accomplish and implement the strategically alterationof its command structure. I have therefore been studying the two latest alteration processesthat the organization has accomplished, “Command Organization 2000” and “CommandAnalysis 2002” in order to understand if, and if so in what ways the organization usesprevious knowledge in new alteration processes.The theoretical framework was built up by an overarching summary of the mostcommon issues and problems that an alteration process can encounter, in order tosubstantiate the use of John P Kotters (1996) model as a theoretical framework for the essay.Kotters model is used to analyze the problems that can appear during an alteration processand describes how to be able to prevent and/or overcome them. In order to accomplish asuccessful alteration process Kotters model presents eight steps which all ought to be carriedout. If the process fails to accomplish one of the eight steps it is likely that the process willbe unaccomplished and the purpose of the alteration will be missed. Thereby it is likely thatthe whole process has been nothing else but a waste of the organizations time and resources.Kotter also emphasize the importance of a true leadership during the alteration process andits determining factor on the process possibility to become successful. An organization thathas to much management instead of true leadership is an organization that will have anunaccomplished alteration process, as well as it is a sign that there is something very wrongwith the focus of the organization.The empirical research of the essay was based on literature research in the officialdocuments of The Swedish Armed Forces and on interviews of officers who where involvedin the analyzed processes. The purpose of the interviews was mainly to widen the empiricalmaterial in order to understand which important decisions and considerations that wheredone during the processes but never were put down on paper.The most important conclusions of my research was as follows; The Swedish ArmedForces lacks the ability as an organization to evaluate its alteration processes and transferconclusions and experiences to coming processes, the alteration process “Command Analysis2002” and its implementation was not based on any scientific basis or any theoretical model– conscious or unconscious, the fellow workers of The Swedish Armed Forces was not givenany time or ability to understand what attitude they should have towards the alterationprocess and to the changes that it resulted in. The conclusions can therefore be summarizedto the comprehensive understanding that The Swedish Armed Forces lacks the organizationalability to accomplish strategically alteration of its command structure.

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