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  • 201.
    Lindholm, Kristina
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Politisk krishantering i Danmark: Krisen i samband med publiceringen av Muhammedkarikatyrerna 2005-20062008Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    On September 30, 2005, twelve caricatures of the prophet Mohammed werepublished in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten. The most well-known ofthe images portrayed the prophet Mohammed with his turban in shape of abomb on which the Muslim confession of faith was written. The subsequentcourse of events led the Danish government and the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs into a foreign affairs crisis, which was later described as the largest crisisfor Denmark since the Second World War. The crisis upset diplomatic relationsbetween Denmark and several countries in the Middle East, such as SaudiArabia, Libya and Iran. Likewise, violent demonstrations and attacks weremade on Danish embassies around the world. The Mohammed caricatures crisisdemonstrated how political, economic, cultural and religious issues on thenational level can quickly and violently spread to the international level.

    The study’s analytical point of departure was inspired by Sundelius andStern’s cognitive-institutional framework which takes into account actors’ differentsocial, administrative, and institutional contexts for decision-making.Decision-making is affected both by an individual actor’s notions and values aswell as the institutional environment. The approach builds upon neo-institutionaltheories that illuminate the importance of institutional structures, rules,norms and routines. It also takes into account the cognitive research on subjectivityand representation and how individual expectations and experiences of the world affect decision-making for groups and individuals. In this study, anumber of analytical themes were used to shed light on the crisis managementof the Mohammed caricatures, such as problem framing, information processing,leadership, crisis learning, and institutional change.

    Empirical knowledge about the crisis surrounding the 2005 publication ofthe Mohammed caricatures was collected from interviews, news coverage, officialdocuments, public investigations, and newspaper articles. The use of newmedia technology had a significant impact in this crisis, and the study’s findingsillustrated the importance of knowing how to find, use, understand, and manageinformation from traditional sources (newspapers, television, radio) as wellas from more modern sources (text messages, e-mails, blogs and chat rooms). A well-established institution like the Danish Foreign Ministry, which is boundby tradition, often displays a certain amount of inherent slowness for adaptingand implementing new technology. Change is a significant, and unavoidable,challenge for such institutions. Crises can make institutional changes possiblethat would be otherwise difficult to implement under normal conditions. Oneimportant change after the crisis was the establishment of a new unit for communication,The Unit for Public Diplomacy.

    In conclusion, internationalization, transnationalization and globalizationwere important issues during this crisis. For example, the organization DansktIslamskt Trossamfund had direct contact with representatives in the MiddleEast in an attempt to mobilize support for their problem framing of the crisis.They utilized strategic lobbyism for setting up goals and contacting strategicand influential actors, and in turn they were successful in selling their framingof the problem to people in the government, public sector and business organizationsin the Middle East.

    Another interesting conclusion was the fact that the Danish government waslimited in what it could say and how it could act during the crisis, since the problemhad been framed on the complex issue of freedom of speech and freedomof the press. The crisis management became a balance act between domesticand foreign policy.

    The crisis of the Mohammed caricatures resulted in a long aftermath. There-publication of the caricatures in Danish newspapers in February 2008 causednew boycotts against Danish companies. Denmark’s refusal to apologize for thepublication of the drawings also resulted in an attack on the Danish embassy inIslamabad, Pakistan, in the beginning of June 2008 by the Al Qaeda network.These incidents clearly illustrated that the crisis regarding the publication ofthe Mohammed caricatures in Denmark has not yet been put to rest.

  • 202.
    Lindholm, Kristina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Crisis Communication as a Multilevel Game: The Muhammad Cartoons from a Crisis Diplomacy Perspective2011Inngår i: The International Journal of Press/Politics, ISSN 1940-1612, E-ISSN 1940-1620, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 254-271Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Muhammad cartoon crisis in 2005 provides an illustrative example of how crises travel across geographical boundaries, in this case, from a national newspaper into a full-fledged public diplomacy crisis at the international level. From a crisis management perspective, a multilevel setting poses a real challenge to actors trying to contain the situation at hand. Likewise, the multilevel nature of a crisis poses a challenge to crisis communication theories, which have traditionally focused on rhetorical strategies in single organizational crises. As a response, this article proposes a framework for examining crisis communication based on how actors’ framing impact the perceptions of arenas, stakeholders, and communication strategies.

  • 203.
    Mårtensson, Per-Åke
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Institutet för högre totalförsvarsutbildning (IHT).
    Hedström, Lars
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Institutet för högre totalförsvarsutbildning (IHT).
    Sundelius, Bengt
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Skiby, Jeffrey E.
    Elbers, Armin
    Knutsson, Rickard
    Actionable Knowledge and Strategic Decision Making for Bio- and Agroterrorism Threats: Building a Collaborative Early Warning Culture2013Inngår i: Biosecurity and bioterrorism, ISSN 1538-7135, E-ISSN 1557-850X, Vol. 11, nr Supplement 1, s. 46-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Current trends in biosecurity and cybersecurity include (1) the wide availability of technology and specialized knowledge that previously were available only to governments; (2) the global economic recession, which may increase the spread of radical non-state actors; and (3) recent US and EU commission reports that reflect concerns about non-state actors in asymmetric threats. The intersectoral and international nature of bioterrorism and agroterrorism threats requires collaboration across several sectors including intelligence, police, forensics, customs, and other law enforcement organizations who must work together with public and animal health organizations as well as environmental and social science organizations. This requires coordinated decision making among these organizations, based on actionable knowledge and information sharing. The risk of not sharing information among organizations compared to the benefit of sharing information can be considered in an "information sharing risk-benefit analysis" to prevent a terrorism incident from occurring and to build a rapid response capability. In the EU project AniBioThreat, early warning is the main topic in work package 3 (WP 3). A strategy has been generated based on an iterative approach to bring law enforcement agencies and human and animal health institutes together. Workshops and exercises have taken place during the first half of the project, and spin-off activities include new preparedness plans for institutes and the formation of a legal adviser network for decision making. In addition, a seminar on actionable knowledge was held in Stockholm, Sweden, in 2012, which identified the need to bring various agency cultures together to work on developing a resilient capability to identify early signs of bio- and agroterrorism threats. The seminar concluded that there are a number of challenges in building a collaborative culture, including developing an education program that supports collaboration and shared situational awareness.

  • 204.
    Naraghi, Laila
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Carnegiekrisen: Kriskommunikation i politik och finans : på lika villkor?2008Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 205.
    Narby, Petter
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Book Review of "Governing After Crisis: The Politics of Investigation, Accountability and Learning"2009Inngår i: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 199-200Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 206.
    Newlove-Eriksson, Lindy
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Civila projekt blev militära2014Inngår i: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952X, nr 3, s. 35-Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 207.
    Newlove-Eriksson, Lindy
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). Royal Institute of Technology , Sweden.
    Eriksson, Johan
    Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Governance Beyond the Global: Who Controls the Extraterrestrial?2013Inngår i: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 277-292Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How is outer space governed? This article argues that private authority is gaining salience in space politics, even with respect to the traditionally state-centric security and military aspects of space. Further, while commercial actors have always played a role in space programs, three significant changes can be detected: transnational conglomerates and consortia as opposed to individual corporations are emerging as key partners in space politics; private partners are gaining stronger and wider responsibilities for the development and management of space programs (including manned spaceflights); and public accountability is increasingly at stake due to a widening of security in space policy. The latter development includes a blurring of key distinctions between military and civilian usage (also referred to as dual-use or dual-role application), as well as between the public and private realms.

  • 208.
    Newlove-Eriksson, Lindy
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Hermansson, Helena
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    INDIGO-system för krishantering och gemensam lägesbild: möjligheter och utmaningar2011Inngår i: konferensen GIT 2011 "Geografisk IT för ett hållbart samhälle" / [ed] Kartografiska sällskapet, Sveriges Kart- och Mättekniska Förening och Utvecklingsrådet för landskapsinformation, Jönköping, 2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 209.
    Nohrstedt, Daniel
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Do Advocacy Coalitions Matter?: Crisis and Change in Swedish Nuclear Energy Policy2010Inngår i: Journal of public administration research and theory, ISSN 1053-1858, E-ISSN 1477-9803, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 309-333Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study applies the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) to developments in Swedish nuclear energy policy in the 1970s and 80s. In an effort to contribute to the refinement and debate regarding the generalizability of ACF theory, the objective is to assess the utility of ACF assumptions when applied in this case. The study explores hypotheses about advocacy coalition stability and examines the motivations explaining policy change in the wake of the 1979 Three Mile Island accident and the 1986 Chernobyl disaster. Utilizing different sources of data, the study confirms patterns of coalition stability and shows that interests and political learning were important in explaining policy change in this case. Theoretical implications derived from this study call for further specification of basic ACF concepts(external perturbations, dominant coalitions, and skillful exploitation) and posit the intensity and breadth of political conflict and strategic action as critical factors contributing to the explanation of policy change in contested policy areas.

  • 210.
    Nohrstedt, Daniel
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    The Politics of Crisis Policymaking: Chernobyl and Swedish Nuclear Energy Policy2008Inngår i: Policy Studies Journal, ISSN 0190-292X, E-ISSN 1541-0072, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 257-278Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 211.
    Nohrstedt, Daniel
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Uncertainty, Accountability, and the Conduct of Post-Crisis Inquiries2011Inngår i: Ethics and Crisis Management / [ed] Lina Svedin, Charlotte: Information Age Publishing, 2011, s. 199-216Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 212.
    Nohrstedt, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bynander, Fredrik
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Parker, Charles
    Uppsala universitet.
    't Hart, Paul
    Utrecht university, Netherlands.
    Collaborative Crisis Management: An Agenda for Research on Interorganizational Responses to Extreme Events2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 213.
    Nohrstedt, Daniel
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Hansén, Dan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Converging Under Pressure?: Counterterrorism Policy Developments in the European Union Member States2010Inngår i: Public Administration, ISSN 0033-3298, E-ISSN 1467-9299, Vol. 88, nr 1, s. 190-210Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 214.
    Nohrstedt, Daniel
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Hansén, Dan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Counter-terrorism Policy Change and Convergence within the EU after 9/112008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 215.
    Nohrstedt, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Parker, Charles
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). Uppsala universitet.
    The Public Policy Dimension of Resilience in Natural Disaster Management: Sweden’s Gudrun and Per Storms2014Inngår i: Disasters and development: examining global issues and cases / [ed] Naim Kapucu and Kuotsai Tom Liou, Cham: Springer, 2014, s. 235-253Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book offers a systematic, empirical examination of the concepts of disasters and sustainable economic development applied to many cases around the world. It presents comprehensive coverage of the complex and dynamic relationship between disaster and development, making a vital contribution to the literature on disaster management, disaster resilience, and sustainable development. The book collects twenty-three chapters, examining theoretical issues and investigating practical cases on policy, governance, and lessons learned in dealing with different types of disasters (e.g., earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes) in twenty countries and communities around the world

  • 216.
    Nohrstedt, Daniel
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Weible, Christopher M.
    University of Colorado, Denver.
    The Logic of Policy Change after Crisis: Proximity and Subsystem Interaction2010Inngår i: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 1-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    What mechanisms link external events to policy change in a policy subsystem? Thispaper responds to this question by offering a nuanced re-conceptualization ofexternal events and by identifying the mechanisms that link disruptive crises topolicy change. Building from the tenets of the advocacy coalition framework and asynthesis of the crisis management and policy change literatures, this paper (1)introduces the concept of policy and geographical proximity as a means to showhow different types of crises alter the incentives for policy action within policysubsystems; (2) discusses an integrated set of proposals on how geographical andpolicy proximity affects the prospects of change in a policy subsystem; and (3)presents hypothesized scenarios outlining plausible intervening pathways linking acrisis to changes as contingent on policy subsystem structures.

  • 217.
    Nord, Lars
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet .
    Färm, Karl-Arvid
    Mittuniversitetet .
    Jendel, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet .
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). Mittuniversitetet .
    Efter Husbykravallerna.: En studie av mediebilder och kriskommunikation2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 218.
    Nord, Lars
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet .
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Frame, Set, Match!: Towards a model of successful crisis rhetoric2013Inngår i: Public Relations Inquiry, ISSN 2046-147X, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 79-94Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the mechanisms behind the ability of political leaders to win praise and support in times of crisis by Studying one such case of crisis exploitation: the Swedish government’s communication during the 2008 financial crisis. Looking back at the first term in office for the centre-right Alliance government, the government was initially struggling with historically low results in the regular opinion polls and a new electoral victory seemed to be beyond reach. However, this trend changed completely in the midst of the financial crisis when the government and its most prominent ministers from the dominant Moderate Party regained public support and confidence, and were able to win the next national election in 2010. The article argues that in order to explain successful political communication in times of crisis both the frames advocated by the political actors themselves and the media need to be taken into account. Based on this assumption the article proposes that successful political communication in crisis depends on a three-step process with interrelated aspects: the actor’s ability for frame promotion, setting and matching. Frame selection here refers to actors’ ability to use active frames (herein managerial, moral and responsibility frames), their ability to set the frame contexts so that they create a coherent logic resulting in frame reinforcement and, finally, their ability to match the political frames with the media’s framing.

  • 219.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Communicating in Crises of Public Diplomacy: The Quest for Ethical Capital2011Inngår i: Ethics and Crisis Management / [ed] Lina Svedin, Charlotte: Information Age Publishing, 2011, s. 141-162Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 220.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Crisis Communication in Public Organisations: Dimensions of Crisis Communication Revisited2014Inngår i: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 113-125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on crisis communication has traditionally focused on private organisations' reputation and blame avoidance strategies. As a result, there is limited knowledge on crisis communication from the perspective of public organisations. This is troublesome as public organisations have substantial responsibilities for preparing, communicating and managing large-scale crisis events. In order to be able to better conceptualise public organisations' crisis communication, a typology based on communication aims and orientations is introduced. According to the typology, public organisations engage in two dimensions of crisis communication: reputation-oriented vs. resilience-oriented and strategic vs. operational. These dimensions are illustrated and discussed by empirical examples from the Queensland floods of 2010/2011. The paper ends with a discussion on how to understand these dimensions of crisis communication in relation to public organisations' priorities, processes and practices.

  • 221.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Defining Crisis News Events2010Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 87-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on news organizations’ handling of ‘what-a-story’s proposes that journalists find routines for handling these events based on their previous experiences of similar situations. Still, conceptual discussions on how to define extraordinary events or ’what-a-story’s have thus far attracted limited interest. In response, the present article proposes a definition of‘what-a-story’s in order to provide an understanding of what events become a part of news organizations’ historical case banks. Accordingly, the aim of the article is to present a definition of crisis news events from an organizational perspective, which can help distinguish critical news events of importance to news organizations’ learning and preparedness. The article argues that crisis news are to be understood as surprise events that challenge key organizational values and demand a swift response. Based on interviews with Swedish broadcasting media managers, the article illustrates how the September 11

    th

    terror attacks can be defined as a crisis event.

  • 222.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    How Journalists Portray Political Leaders: The Personalization of Prime Ministers and the Connection to Party Affiliation in Swedish News Coverage2017Inngår i: Putting a Face on It: Individual Exposure and Subjectivity in Journalism / [ed] Birgitte Kjos Fonn, Harald Hornmoen, Nathalie Hyde-Clarke, and Yngve Benestad Hågvar, Cappelen Damm Akademisk / NOASP , 2017, s. 99-119Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Journalists not only represent political leaders in terms of their policies and political competence. The personalities and private lives of leaders have also become an important component in mediated stories and narratives crucial for voter identifi-cation and interest. This chapter explores how the Swedish press reports on prime ministers’ social backgrounds, personal appearance and leadership characteristics in relation to party affiliation. The empirical material consists of news reporting on four former Swedish prime ministers: two from the Swedish Social Democratic Party; and two from the Moderate Party. The findings show that it is not only party affiliation that is of interest to journalists in reporting on prime ministers. Broader societal trends of what it means to be a politician in a certain time and era also influence reporting.

  • 223.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Media Crisis Management in Traditional and Digital Newsrooms2009Inngår i: Convergence. The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, ISSN 1354-8565, E-ISSN 1748-7382, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 446-461Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    By comparing two newsrooms’ responses, one with a traditional mode of production and one with a digital, to the terror attacks of 9/11, this article demonstrates that newsrooms, in contrast to what previous research tells us, differ in their ability to cover crisis events. Drawing upon findings from previous research on how news organizations cope with extraordinary — and crisis — events, the study explains news desks’ ability to cope with the disruptions of everyday deadlines caused by ‘disaster marathon modes’ of reporting, based on organizational everyday structures and previous experiences. The study concludes that a digital newsroom designed to handle 24 hour reporting does not necessarily nor automatically have a suitable structure to deal with a crisis event. Rather, in this particular case the structure used for 24/7 coverage, based on journalists’ independence and decentralization, was directly counterproductive when dealing with a crisis event.

  • 224.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Public diplomacy as a crisis communication tool2013Inngår i: Journal of International Communication, ISSN 1321-6597, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 219-234Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Transboundary incidents with the potential to develop into crises transcending geographical, cultural and religious boundaries are becoming increasingly common in today's interconnected world. This development poses new demands on governments to communicate with publics on a transnational level, what is commonly referred to as public diplomacy. Based on an inductive comparative case study, this article suggests a framework for understanding public diplomacy as a crisis communication tool consisting of three core tasks: sense making, networking and messaging. The article ends with a proposal as to how public diplomacy can contribute to crisis mitigation.

  • 225.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Responsibility framing in a 'climate change induced' compounded crisis: facing tragic choices in the Murray-Darling Basin2009Inngår i: Environmental Hazards: Human and Policy Dimensions, ISSN 1747-7891, E-ISSN 1878-0059, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 226-240Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Crises impose vast demands on political leaders' communicative abilities in terms of explaining the causes of the problem at hand as well as showing a plausible way out of the situation. These challenges become even more complex in connection with climate change induced compounded crises. These crises touch upon a broad range of issues, such as economic, environmental, social and energy policies. Drawing upon previous research on political crisis communication, this article aims to examine political actors framing strategies in connection with compounded crises and how these are affected by the media context in which they are communicated. The study rests on a case study examining The Australian's reporting of the drought in the Murray-Darling Basin in terms of how various actor groups portrayed in the reporting framed crisis responsibility. The article ends by proposing propositions for further research on responsibility framing in climate change induced compounded crises.

  • 226.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Rule regimes in news organization decision making: explaining diversity in the actions of news organizations during extraordinary events2009Inngår i: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 10, nr 6, s. 758--776Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 227.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Transboundary crisis networks: The challenge of coordination in the face of global threats2015Inngår i: Risk Management: An International Journal, ISSN 1460-3799, E-ISSN 1743-4637, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 91-108Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In today's interconnected world, transboundary crises such as pandemics, ecological and financial crises are becoming both more frequent and more devastating. The transboundary nature of these threats requires actors at various administrative and geographical levels to create joint responses which, at the aggregated level, form the basis of a global crisis management network. However, the forming of such a network is challenged by ambiguity, complexity and uncertainty in terms of responsibility, cooperation and mandates. In order to overcome these deficiencies, the network should develop a delicate mix of organizational robustness and flexibility. The article explores the preconditions and functioning of such a global crisis management health network by proposing a model based on coordination systems and practices of importance to the response. The SARS outbreak in 2003 will be used to illustrate the model. The article ends by exploring the preconditions for global crisis management based on how levels of formalization may impact on the network's capacity for adaptation and coordination.

  • 228.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Buus, Stephanie
    Utrikespolitiska Institutet.
    China and SARS: Crisis Management in a Legitimacy Vacuum2011Inngår i: SARS from East to West / [ed] Eva-Karin Olsson and Lan Xue, New York City: Lexington Books , 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 229.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Deverell, Edward
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hellman, Maria
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    EU, armed forces and social media: convergence or divergence?2016Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 97-117Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how armed forces in EU member states work with and view social media in national and international settings, and what the patterns of convergence/divergence are on these issues. To that end, a questionnaire targeted at EU armed forces was constructed. An index of qualitative variation was calculated to explore the relative convergence among respondents (n = 25) on issues of risks and opportunities with using social media nationally and internationally. Consistent with previous research on European armed forces, we found higher levels of divergence than convergence. Contrary to our expectations that similar challenges, joint international standards, and membership in international organizations would foster convergence with regard to social media use in areas of deployment, we found that convergence appeared foremost pertaining to the domestic level. Policy divergence was strongest in areas of deployment.

  • 230.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Edling, Erik
    Stern, Eric
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Crisis communication and community resilience: Exploring symbolic religious provocations and meaningful exchange2015Inngår i: Strategies for supporting community resilience: Multinational experiences / [ed] Robert Bach, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2015, 1, s. 263-288Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 231.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Eriksson, Mats
    Örebro universitet.
    The logic of public organizations' social media use: toward a theory of 'social mediatization'2016Inngår i: Public Relations Inquiry, ISSN 2046-147X, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 187-204Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to explore government agencies’ social media use. Inspired by the notion of mediatization, we ask whether it is possible to find traces of a corresponding emerging social media logic with the propensity to challenge established organizational practices and processes. In doing so, we use a modified framework originally developed by Van Dijck and Poell which identifies key three characteristics of social media logics: programmability, popularity, and connectivity. We conducted a qualitative interview study using an abductive and hermeneutist-inspired methodology. The empirical material consists of 21 interviews with representatives of Swedish government agencies. The findings reveal patterns across the organizations studied which can be understood as an emerging social media logic. Regarding connectivity, the social media logic causes agencies to spend resources on channels that engage relatively few people who are already favorably disposed toward the agency, despite government agencies’ obligation to communicate with citizens at large. Programmability refers to agencies’ increased communicative and image-building power. Finally, popularity leads agencies to engage in more personalized communication, which includes exposure of individual employees as well as use of informal communicative styles. Taken together, these categories have important ramifications which risk jeopardizing agencies’ legal and normative foundations

  • 232.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Falkheimer, Jesper
    Lunds universitet .
    Gränsöverskridande kriskommunikation: En studie av politiska aktörers, offentliga organisationersoch nyhetsmediers kommunikation under samhällskriser2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en populärvetenskaplig sammanfattning av forskningsprojektet gränsöverskridande kriskommunikation som genomförts under 2011-2013.

  • 233.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Falkheimer, Jesper
    Lunds Universitet .
    Nord, Lars
    Mittuniversitetet .
    How journalistic styles and standards contribute to political actors’ crisis exploitation2013Inngår i: Online Programme: IAMCR 2013 Dublin Conference, International Association for Media and Communication Research , 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 234.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Hammargård, Kajsa
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    The rhetoric of the President of the European Commission: charismatic leader or neutral mediator?2016Inngår i: Journal of European Public Policy, ISSN 1350-1763, E-ISSN 1466-4429, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 550-570Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite efforts made to improve communication, the Commission is still facing difficulties getting across its messages. Scholars have stressed how both structural and personal characteristics impede the Commission's ability to communicate. These obstacles are particularly troublesome in connection to crisis situations when the European Union receives the most media attention and scrutiny. At the national level, research has shown that political actors tend to increase their use of charismatic rhetoric during crisis events as a way of gaining and sustaining legitimacy and credibility. In this study we explore whether the same pattern can be seen at the European level by examining the European Commission during the financial and eurozone crisis. The main findings of the study demonstrate the opposite; that is, as the crisis got worse and as member states got increasingly engaged in its management, the Commission's rhetoric became less charismatic.

  • 235.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Jääsaari, J
    Official news in crisis: Reporting 9/11 terrorist attacks and the tsunami disaster on Finnish and Swedish Television2010Inngår i: Communicating Risks: Towards Threat Society / [ed] Stig-Arne Nohrstedt, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2010Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 236.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Jääsaari, Johanna
    Journalistic norms, organizational identity and crisis decision-making in PSB news organizations2010Inngår i: Communicating risks: towards the threat society? / [ed] Stig A. Nohrstedt, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2010, s. 73-96Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 237.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Nord, Lars
    Mittuniversitetet, Sverige; Åbo Akademi, Åbo, Finland; DEMICOM.
    Mediernas roll i kriser2015Inngår i: Perspektiv på krishantering / [ed] Deverell, Edward; Hansén, Dan; Olsson, Eva-Karin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, s. 145-170Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 238.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Nord, Lars
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Paving the way for crisis exploitation: the role of journalistic styles and standards2015Inngår i: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 341-358Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Crises tend to be crucial political events with the ability to determine the public’s faith in political actors. If well managed, crises provide windows of opportunities for political actors to show action, strengthening credibility and pushing through new policies. This article explores one such instance of successful crisis exploitation: the Swedish government’s management of the financial crisis in 2008. During the worst turbulence, the government was able to successfully frame the event, without being challenged by contrasting frames, as a crisis managed with great competence and in the best interest of ordinary citizens. We explain this phenomenon through journalistic styles and standards. The article concludes by discussing the findings where we propose that issue framing, in combination with descriptive journalism, contributes to portraying political actors as credible crisis managers rather than tactical politicians, with the result being that they appear more trustworthy and competent. Moreover, due to unbalanced coverage, actors who are framed as competent crisis managers succeed in further strengthening their positions.

  • 239.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Nord, Lars
    Mid Sweden Univ, Ctr Democracy & Commun, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Falkheimer, Jesper
    Lund Univ, Dept Strateg Commun, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Media Coverage Crisis Exploitation Characteristics: A case comparison study2015Inngår i: Journal of Public Relations Research, ISSN 1062-726X, E-ISSN 1532-754X, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 158-174Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    If well managed, crises do not only pose a threat to political actors but also provide opportunities to show action, strengthening credibility and launching new policies. Within the field of crisis communication, research has primarily taken an interest in the rhetorical strategies of actors when explaining successes or failures. In this article, we examine key characteristics of what we refer to as crisis exploitation coverage in the news media. We do so based on a comparative quantitative study of 3 crisis cases (terror, floods, and financial crisis) selected due to their differences in journalistic routines and preparedness. The results of the study revealed that the similarities in the cases were more pronounced than their differences. All three cases showed high levels of descriptive journalism and issue framing in combination with unbalanced reporting-characteristics that were all favorable toward the governmental actors in charge of managing the crisis.

  • 240.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Paglia, Eric
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Global Problem: National Accountability: Framing Accountability in the Australian Context of Climate Change2008Inngår i: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 70-79Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 241.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Stern, Eric K.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Xue, Lan
    School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University.
    SARS: Meeting an Epidemic Head-On2011Inngår i: SARS from East to West / [ed] Eva-Karin Olsson and Lan Xue, New York City: Lexington Books, 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 242.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Söderlund, Malin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Falkheimer, Jesper
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Communicating terror: Selecting, reinforcing and matching frames in connection to the Norway July 22 attacks2015Inngår i: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 3-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In essence, terror attacks are communicative events. From the perspective of political leaders, the challenge is to make sense of the event by explaining what has happened, who is behind the attack, what is the most appropriate response, and how to move forward. Adding to the difficulties is the fact that leaders have to communicate in a highly mediated environment. In this article, we explore the Norwegian government’s crisis communication in the terrorist attacks in Oslo and on the island of Utöya on July 22, 2011. We do so by applying a model of crisis framing. According to the model, political leaders have to be able to select appropriate frames that reinforce each other and match the media coverage. The study proved managerial, responsibility and cultural congruence frames to be central. Moreover, the study demonstrated how the crisis produced a certain type of news coverage characterized by high levels of descriptive journalism, which, in combination with issue and episodic framing, supported the government’s communication strategy.

  • 243.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för totalförsvar och samhällets säkerhet, CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Verbeek, Bertjan
    Department of Political Science, Institute for Management Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    International Organisations and crisis management: Do crises enable or constrain IO agency?2018Inngår i: Journal of International Relations and Development, ISSN 1408-6980, E-ISSN 1581-1980, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 275-299Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to bridge the gap between the literature on international organisations (IO) and the field of crisis management (CM) by focusing on two themes: how crisis conditions lead organisations to centralise decision-making and how this subsequently affects an international organisation’s autonomy. We do this based on two dimensions inspired by the CM literature, that is, the degree of the perceived time pressure and the precrisis legal institutional framework. The plausibility of the analytical framework is assessed on the basis of three cases: the WHO’s dealing with the SARS crisis; the European Commission’s dealing with the Mad Cow Disease crisis; and the UN’s handling of the humanitarian crisis in the Great Lakes region. The results show that the perceived time pressure affected IO autonomy in so far as higher time pressure that rendered IO autonomy stronger, whereas with regard to the institutional framework no stringent pattern could be seen. Moreover, based on our findings, we propose that IO autonomy in crisis situations also depends on the framing of an issue in terms on impartiality, on the extent to which the IO in question is subject to politicisation, as well as on the degree to which it possesses specific technical expertise.

  • 244.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Verbeek, Bertjan
    Radboud University Nijmegen.
    International Organizations and Crisis Management2013Inngår i: Routledge Handbook of International Organizations / [ed] Reinalda, Bob, Abingdon: Routledge, 2013, s. 324-336Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 245.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Xue, LanTsinghua University.
    SARS from East to West2011Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 246.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Zhong, Kaibin
    School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University.
    Transboundary Crisis Management: Implications for Research and Practice2011Inngår i: SARS from East to West / [ed] Eva-Karin Olsson and Lan Xue, Lexington Books, 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 247.
    Paglia, Eric
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Not a proper crisis2015Inngår i: The Anthropocene Review, ISSN 2053-0196, E-ISSN 2053-020X, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 247-261Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines and qualifies the proposition that humankind’s recently acquired geological agency has brought about the convergence of Earth and human history. Contrasting a contemporary representation of human–nature interactions – the ‘Great Acceleration graphs’ documenting humanity’s post-war dominance – with an earlier perspective elaborated by Fernand Braudel, whose historical philosophy assigned physical geography powerful agency over human affairs, this article contends that ‘environmental crisis’ is a valid characterization of the post-1950 reordering of human–nature relations. Yet it is not a ‘proper’ crisis, as the environmental and climate crisis cannot be managed as a discrete event – as crises are often thought of today – in hope of restoring the status quo ante. Drawing on an older connotation of crisis, this article proposes a temporal conceptualization of environmental crisis, signifying a multi-decade historical period of reordering that spans the decline of the Holocene and advent of the Anthropocene. The intended and unintended consequences of human decisions will determine whether convergence, through reflexivity or coercion, results from this ongoing epochal transition.

  • 248.
    Paglia, Eric
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    The Northward Course of the Anthropocene: Transformation, Temporality and Telecoupling in a Time of Environmental Crisis2016Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic—warming at twice the rate of the rest of the planet—is a source of striking imagery of amplified environmental change in our time, and has come to serve as a spatial setting for climate crisis discourse. The recent alterations in the Arctic environment have also been perceived by some observers as an opportunity to expand economic exploitation. Heightened geopolitical interest in the region and its resources, contradicted by calls for the protection of fragile Far North ecosystems, has rendered the Arctic an arena for negotiating human interactions with nature, and for reflecting upon the planetary risks and possibilities associated with the advent and expansion of the Anthropocene—the proposed new epoch in Earth history in which humankind is said to have gained geological agency and become the dominant force over the Earth system. With the Arctic serving as a nexus of crosscutting analytical themes spanning contemporary history (the late twentieth and the early twenty-first century until 2015), this dissertation examines defining characteristics of the Anthropocene and how the concept, which emerged from the Earth system science community, impacts ideas and assumptions in historiography, social sciences and the environmental humanities, including the fields of environmental history, crisis management and security studies, political geography, and science and technology studies (STS). The primary areas of empirical analysis and theoretical investigation encompass constructivist perspectives and temporal conceptions of environmental and climate crisis; the role of science and expertise in performing politics and shaping social discourse; the geopolitical significance of telecoupling—a concept that reflects the interconnectedness of the Anthropocene and supports stakeholder claims across wide spatial scales; and implications of the recent transformation in humankind’s long duration relationship with the natural world. Several dissertation themes were observed in practice at the international science community of Ny-Ålesund on Svalbard, where global change is made visible through a concentration of scientific activity. Ny-Ålesund is furthermore a place of geopolitics, where extra-regional states attempt to enhance their legitimacy as Arctic stakeholders through the performance of scientific research undertakings, participation in governance institutions, and by establishing a physical presence in the Far North. This dissertation concludes that this small and remote community represents an Anthropocene node of global environmental change, Earth system science, emergent global governance, geopolitics, and stakeholder construction in an increasingly telecoupled world.

  • 249.
    Paglia, Eric
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    The Socio-Scientific Construction of Global Climate Crisis2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 250.
    Paglia, Eric
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). KTH Royal Institute of Technology—Division of History of Science, Technology and Environment, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Socio-scientific Construction of Global Climate Crisis2018Inngår i: Geopolitics, ISSN 1465-0045, E-ISSN 1557-3028, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 96-123Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article adapts and applies a securitisation framework to produce an analytical explanation for the heightened geopolitical status of climate change over the past decade, as demonstrated by the breakthrough Paris Agreement of 2015. Rather than speech acts invoking security, the focus of this analysis is on the socio-scientific discourse of global climate crisis that emerged in the several year period leading to the 2009 COP 15 conference in Copenhagen. Two types of experts—contributory and interactional—are identified as the essential and interdependent actors that engaged in ‘crisification’, a novel crisis-based perspective on political agenda setting, in which climate crisis served as a primary discursive device employed by prominent advocates of urgent action. Contributory experts, that is, authoritative climate scientists and their institutions, together with interactional experts—non-scientist social actors who appropriated and mediated scientific data and knowledge in framing climate change as a global crisis—constituted an extended epistemic community of climate advocates. Through an array of speech acts, this extended community effectively co-constructed a convincing climate crisis discourse that consisted of quantitative data artefacts based on CO2 concentration and global mean temperature, and qualitative invocations of existential threat to human civilisation, which contributed to the ascent of climate change on the global political agenda. In proposing crisification as a complement to securitisation, the article offers a theoretical innovation that facilitates constructivist analysis of issues framed as crises, including geopolitical problems in certain non-military sectors where crisis is a favoured label for perceived threats to core values.

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