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  • 201.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ett ledningssystem för katastrofhjälp i internationell miljö: En teoretisk modell2009Report (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ett ledningssystem för katastrofhjälp i internationell miljö: Generaliserbarhetsprövning av en teoretisk modell2009Report (Other academic)
  • 203.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ledning av Räddningsverkets internationella insatser: Sammanfattande rapport2009Report (Other academic)
  • 204.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Johansson, Eva
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    When the going gets tough, the tough get going: Stressors and challenges working in a military multinational environment2010In: Enhancing Human Performance in Security Operations: International and Law Enforcement Perspectives / [ed] Bartone, Paul T., Chicago: Charles C. Thomas Publisher Ltd., 2010, p. 399-423Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Att vara svensk officer på hög ledningsnivå vid påfrestande incidenter under internationella uppdrag: En intervjustudie2006Report (Other academic)
  • 206.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Svenska officerare i internationella staber under press: Preliminär redovisning av en intervjustudie2005Report (Other academic)
  • 207. Ohlsson, A.
    et al.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Personalförsörjning: Att attrahera unga sökande till Försvarsmakten2009Report (Other academic)
  • 208.
    Pasalic Göransson, Elma
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Rehman, S.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Tomtlund, B.
    Robertson, I.
    Kernic, Frans
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Comprehensive approach: Litteraturgenomgångar av begreppet och dess relation till ledarskap samt en empirisk intervjustudie2009Report (Other academic)
  • 209. Rohlin, M.
    et al.
    Axelsson, S.
    Ekman, A.
    Klinge, B.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Norlund, A.
    Paulsson, G.
    Svensson, Å.
    Svensäter, G.
    Thorstensson, H.
    Wennström, J.
    Kronisk parodontit: Prevention, diagnostik och behandling. En systematisk litteraturöversikt2004Report (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Romanowska, Julia
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Eriksson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet.
    Wikström, Britt-Maj
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Theorell, Töres
    Karolinska institutet.
    Health effects on leaders and co-workers of an art-based leadership development program2011In: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, ISSN 0033-3190, E-ISSN 1423-0348, Vol. 80, no 2, p. 78-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:There are very few evaluations of the effectiveness of leadership development programs. The purpose of the study was to examine whether an art-based leadership program may have a more beneficial effect than a conventional one on leaders' and their corresponding subordinates' mental and biological stress. Methods: Participating leaders were randomized to 2 year-long leadership programs, 1 art-based and 1 conventional, with follow-up of the leaders and their subordinates at 12 and 18 months. The art-based program built on an experimental theatre form, a collage of literary text and music, followed by writing and discussions focused on existential and ethical problems. Results: After 18 months a pattern was clearly visible with advantage for the art-based group. In the art group (leaders and their subordinates together as well as for subordinates only) compared to the conventional group, there was a significant improvement of mental health, covert coping and performance-based self-esteem as well as significantly less winter/fall deterioration in the serum concentration of the regenerative/anabolic hormone dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate. Conclusions: Our findings indicate a more beneficial long-term health effect of the art-based intervention compared to a conventional approach. Positive results for both standardized questionnaires and biological parameters strengthened the findings. The study provides a rationale for further evaluation of the effectiveness of this alternative educational approach.

  • 211. Räty, L.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Söderfeldt, B.
    Wilde Larsson, B.
    Psychosocial aspects of helath in adolescence: The influence of gender self-concept2005In: Journal of Adolescent Health, ISSN 1054-139X, E-ISSN 1879-1972, Vol. 36, no 6, p. 530.e21-530.e28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of this study was to describe age and gender differences in psychosocial aspects of health in adolescents. A further aim was to explore if self-rated behavior problems varied with the adolescents’ general self-concept and sense of coherence.

    Methods

    Questionnaires on self-rated psychosocial aspects of health were answered by 282 (n = 282/390) randomly selected adolescents, aged 13–22 years (M 17.9/18.0). The instruments used were “I think I am (ITIA),” “Youth Self Report (YSR),” “Sense of coherence (SOC),” and “Family APGAR.” Differences between males and females (cross-individual grouping) were analyzed using nonparametric tests. A cluster analysis was performed using a three-cluster solution to identify and describe profiles (person-centered grouping).

    Results

    Compared with males, adolescent females scored less favorably on self-esteem (ITIA) (p = .028), reported more behavior problems (YSR) (p = .000), and showed a lower sense of coherence (SOC) (p = .003). The differences were most evident in the age group 15–17 years. The three clusters significantly differed from each other regarding how high proportions of problems the adolescents of each profile reported.

    Conclusions

    Compared with male adolescents, adolescent females experienced a poorer psychosocial health in somatic, depressive, and internalizing areas. The result indicated that psychological factors had a major impact on the proportions of problems that the adolescents reported.

  • 212. Räty, L.
    et al.
    Söderfält, B. A.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wilde-Larsson, B.
    The relationship between illness severity, sociodemographic factors, general self-perception and illness-specific attitude in Swedish young people with epilepsy2004In: Seizure, ISSN 1059-1311, E-ISSN 1532-2688, Vol. 13, no 6, p. 375-382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between the epilepsy condition (illness severity), sociodemographic factors, general self-concept, and illness-specific attitude in adolescents with uncomplicated epilepsy. Methods: Adolescents, aged 13–22, fulfilling criteria registered in four Swedish hospitals, answered questionnaires (n=149). The instruments “I think I am” and “Sense of coherence” measured the patients’ general self-concept. The “Child Attitude Toward Illness Scale” measured illness-specific attitude. A summary score (index) calculated from seizure frequency, seizure type, and antiepileptic drug (AED) with side effects measured “Illness Severity”. Results: Illness severity was significantly related to the participants’ general self-concept, as well as to their attitude toward their condition; i.e. higher illness severity scores were correlated with lower sense of coherence (SOC), poorer self-esteem, and a more negative attitude towards the epilepsy condition. Females had more severe illness according to the Illness Severity Index, with almost 80% found in the moderate and high severity groups as compared to 63% of males in the moderate/high severity groups. Conclusions: It was concluded that the severity of the epilepsy condition was related to the adolescents’ general self-concept and illness-specific attitude, but further research is needed to understand the causality of the relationship. The brief assessment of illness severity, constructed and used in this study should be addressed and developed further.

  • 213. Räty, Lena
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Starrin, Bengt
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Epilepsy Patients' Conceptions of Epilepsy as a Phenomenon2009In: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, ISSN 0888-0395, E-ISSN 1945-2810, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 201-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addressed epilepsy patients' conceptions of epilepsy as a phenomenon and emotions related to those conceptions. Nineteen outpatients were interviewed, and data were analyzed according to the phenomenographical methodology. Patients described epilepsy in six qualitatively different ways: Epilepsy is (a) an illness related to physical disturbances, (b) a condition related to physical disturbances, (c) a mental disturbance related to lack of mental capacity, (d) a handicap related to psychological and/or social aspects, (e) an identity related to being an epileptic, and (f) a punishment. The emotions confidence, happiness, hope, and annoyance were related to epilepsy as an illness or a condition, whereas shame, fear, sorrow, and guilt were related to the other four categories. This study indicated that, to patients, the phenomenon of epilepsy is above all a psychosocial nature and in that dimension closely related to negative emotions.

  • 214.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Danielsson, Erna
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Johansson, Eva
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Unga officerares ledarutveckling: En kvalitativ studie2004Report (Other academic)
  • 215.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Fors, Maria
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Upplevelser av förbandstjänstgöring och inställning till att fortsätta inom Försvarsmakten bland före detta studerande på Officersprogrammet 07-102011Report (Other academic)
  • 216.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Robertson, Ingemar
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ledarskapsutbildning för "commanders"2011Report (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Fors, Maria
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Personlighet, upplevelser av utbildningen och eget ledar­skap bland studerande på Specialistofficersprogrammet 09-102010Report (Other academic)
  • 218.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Fors, Maria
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Upplevelser av förbandstjänstgöring och inställning till att fortsätta inom Försvarsmakten bland före detta studerande på Yrkesofficersprogrammet 06-092010Report (Other academic)
  • 219.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Kallenberg, K.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Moral stress in complex aid operations2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 220.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Leadership in complex rescue operations: A qualitative study2006In: Disaster Prevention and Management, ISSN 0965-3562, E-ISSN 1758-6100, Vol. 15, p. 576-584Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 221.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Leadership in complex, stressful rescue operations: A quantitative test of a qualitatively developed model2011In: Disaster Prevention and Management, ISSN 0965-3562, E-ISSN 1758-6100, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 199-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of the paper is to explore the universality of a qualitatively (grounded theory) developed model of leadership in complex and/or stressful rescue operations.

    Design - The model was operationalised and tested on leaders (n = 385) from the ambulance service, the police force, and the rescue services in Sweden. A questionnaire was operationalised from the codes and categories of the previously developed model.

    Findings - The study showed that the most important factors in explaining the outcome of complex rescue operations were organisational climate before the incident, positive stress reactions, and personal knowledge of the co-actors during the episode. Cases where the leader appraised that the situation could not be resolved with the available resources were characterised by less favourable ratings, irrespective of whether humans were perceived as being threatened or not. The strength of this controllability aspect was interpreted in terms of a professional action-oriented identity.

    Research limitations/implications - The results were affected by a high dropout rate and the fact that there were comparatively few large-scale rescue operations.

    Practical implications - The results may be valuable in both training and exercises with rescue operation commanders.

    Originality/value - The paper presents a validation of a new, integrative, theoretical process model of leadership in complex, stressful rescue operations.

  • 222.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ledarskap och beslutsfattande under stress vid komplexa räddningsinsatser: En kvantitativ enkätstudie2006Report (Other academic)
  • 223.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ledarskap och beslutsfattande under stress vid komplexa räddningsinsatser: En sammanfattande rapport2006Report (Other academic)
  • 224.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ledarskap och beslutsfattande under stress vid komplexa olyckshändelser inom svensk räddningstjänst: En kvalitativ intervjuundersökning2005Report (Other academic)
  • 225. Szvircsev Tresch, Tibor
    et al.
    Leuprecht, ChristianSwedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Europe without Soldiers?: recruitment and Retention across the Armed Forces of Europe2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 226.
    Talerud, Bo
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Cooperative and Learning-Oriented Leadership Related to Civil-Military Relations in International Missions: A Relational Approach2010In: Mission Critical: Smaller Democracies' Role in Global Stability Operations / [ed] Leuprecht, Christian, London: McGill-Queen's University Press , 2010, p. 177-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 227.
    Talerud, Bo
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ethics, Ethos and National Culture2010In: Educational Challenges Regarding Military Action / [ed] Annen, Hubert, Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2010, p. 109-122Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 228.
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Råd till officerare avseende hantering av underställdas psykiska stressreaktioner2011Report (Other academic)
  • 229.
    Tillberg, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Svartheden, JoakimEngstedt, Danuta Janina
    Mission Abroad: Military experience from international operations2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 230.
    Troy, Jodok
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Dag Hammarskjöld: An International Civil Servant Uniting Mystics and Realistic Diplomatic Engagement2010In: Diplomacy & Statecraft, ISSN 0959-2296, E-ISSN 1557-301X, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 434-450Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The United Nation's secretary-general from 1953 to 1961, Dag Hammarskjöld, whose spiritual beliefs influenced his political activity, was searching for universality and solidarity as written in the charter of the UN. While in office, Hammarskjöld was able to unite personal belief and political rationale. This is the main reason he became a respected and true international civil servant. Hammarskjöld was neither a pure idealist nor a pure realist. This article examines the moral but not moralistic life and legacy of Hammarskjöld, who united mystics and realistic political engagement. In doing so it draws on the lessons learned from a “practical mystical” and international civil servant. This is chiefly done by using the English School approach of international relations theory while at same time pointing out the impact of positive mimesis. By devoting his private life to God, Hammarskjöld was able to devote his political life to the UN.

  • 231. Ullstadius, E.
    et al.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Gustafsson, J. E.
    Multidimensional item analysis of ability factors in spatial test items2004In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 1003-1012Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two strategies for solving spatial test items, drawing differently on general ability and visualization, have been shown. These strategies may not only be a matter of individual predilection, but item features may lend themselves more to one or the other strategy. Newly developed techniques for factor analysis and the Mplus program allows items to be analysed as categorical variables together with summarized test results as continuous variables, which enables analyses of the dimensionality of single test items. Five spatial tests in the Computerized Swedish Enlistment test battery were analysed for a representative sample of 18-year old male conscripts (n = 14,925). The items were fitted one by one for each of the five spatial tests together with the rest of the tests into a hierarchical model of intellectual abilities with general (G), verbal (Gc'), spatial ability (Gv') and test specificity (Tspec') as latent variables. All models showed good fit and the items were found generally to load higher on G than on Gv', except for some of the items on the test with limited response time. No systematic increase in G loadings with increasing item difficulty, indicating a shift to an analytical strategy, was revealed.

  • 232. Ullstadius, E.
    et al.
    Gustafsson, J. E.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Influence of general and crystallized intelligence on vocabulary test performance2002In: European Journal of Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1015-5759, E-ISSN 2151-2426, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 78-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vocabulary tests, part of most test batteries of general intellectual ability, measure both verbal and general ability. Newly developed techniques for confirmatory factor analysis of dichotomous variables make it possible to analyze the influence of different abilities on the performance on each item. In the testing procedure of the Computerized Swedish Enlistment test battery, eight different subtests of a new vocabulary test were given randomly to subsamples of a representative sample of 18-year-old male conscripts (N = 9001). Three central dimensions of a hierarchical model of intellectual abilities, general (G), verbal (Gc'), and spatial ability (Gv') were estimated under different assumptions of the nature of the data. In addition to an ordinary analysis of covariance matrices, assuming linearity of relations, the item variables were treated as categorical variables in the Mplus program. All eight subtests fit the hierarchical model, and the items were found to load about equally on G and Gc'. The results also indicate that if nonlinearity is not taken into account, the G loadings for the easy items are underestimated. These items, moreover, appear to be better measures of G than the difficult ones. The practical utility of the outcome for item selection and the theoretical implications for the question of the origin of verbal ability are discussed.

  • 233.
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Danielsson, Erna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    När Sverige överrumplades: En studie av ledarskap och myndigheters samverkan efter tsunamikatastrofen 20042006Report (Other academic)
  • 234.
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Danielsson, Erna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Steget före: Samverkan och ledarskap vid hantering av ett gisslandrama vid en rymning från en fångvårdsanstalt2006Report (Other academic)
  • 235.
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hur stämmer unga officerares faktiska ledarutveckling med Försvarsmaktens ledarskapsmodell Utvecklande ledarskap2006Report (Other academic)
  • 236.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Poor decision making related to personality, stress reactions, group dynamic, and situation awareness in military staffs2006In: Interaction on the Edge: Proceedings from the 5th GRASP conference / [ed] J. Näslund & S. Jern, 2006, p. 186-196Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 237.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Fors, Maria
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Upplevelser av Grundläggande Militär Utbildning (GMU): Intervjustudie med utbildningsbefäl och rekryter2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att med kvalitativ metodik fånga in de upplevelser av GMU som finns hos rekryter och utbildningsbefäl. Intervjuer utfördes därför med 25 rekryter och befäl under GMU 2 2011 på Amf 1 och I 19. Synen på Försvarsmakten präglades av att organisationen har en viktig uppgift samt att den erbjuder gemenskap och frihet i arbetet. Negativt är bland annat att FM upplevs som byråkratisk och att alla förändringsprocesser leder till osäkerhet. Inställningen till GMU var i stort positiv men vissa problem upplevdes kring själva omställningsprocessen. Rekryterna uppfattades generellt som motiverade men de ådrog sig många skador och att de fysiska kraven vid rekryteringen ansågs lågt ställda. Utbildningstiden är kort och GMU blir därför väldigt komprimerad. Då GMU-rekryterna är frivilliga och blivande kollegor menade flera att det krävs ett annat förhållningssätt och ett mjukare ledarskap. Detta kan dock kontrasteras mot att det beskrevs en förväntan om att det ska vara en viss grad av tuffhet i en militär utbildning. Vardagliga glädjeämnen var att få vistas i naturen, möjligheten att få åka på internationell tjänst, kamratanda och att ha möjlighet att förändra något i samhället. Irritationsmoment var oro för utbildningens krav och för examinationer.

  • 238.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Att fatta beslut i staber under stress: Vad skapar ett dåligt utfall2005Report (Other academic)
  • 239.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Johansson, C.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Reactions and Performance of Swedish Peacekeepers in Life-Threatening Situations2002In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 133-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study maps reactions activated in peacekeeping personnel by life-threatening situations and explores how these reactions affect psychological functioning. In-depth interviews were carried out with 30 informants from the Swedish peacekeeping force serving in Bosnia between 1993 and 1995. All participants had experienced shooting incidents or other highly threatening events. Two models were formed. A descriptive model structures the content of the interviews according to the phase and type of situation from which they were mainly reported, as well as whether they were mainly reported by officers or privates. A theoretical model forms the basis for a discussion about the individual and situational factors that affect the specific reactions and how their interaction with role expectations affects performance. The informants were generally satisfied with their performance. Two factors associated with lower performance were either that the life-threatening situation implied loss of control or it demanded complex cognitive activity.

  • 240.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Johansson, C.
    Military observers' reactions and performance when facing danger2004In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 211-229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some groups have to face threats and dangers professionally with maintained cognitive functioning, which implies a need to know both the extent to which maladaptive reactions occur and the factors that may affect it. This study examines self-reported reactions and performance when facing risks and dangers on peacekeeping observer missions. The sample consisted of 154 military observers. A self-made questionnaire, including the General Health Questionnaire and the Sense of Coherence (SOC) scale, was used. We found that feelings of invulnerability were common in relation to mission risks. In a specific danger incident, most participants subjectively performed well, although partial loss of cognitive functioning was reported in half of the cases and severely dysfunctional reactions in about one tenth. Cluster analysis showed that self-reported cognitive limitations in danger incidents were related to 2 factors: complicating situational factors, such as high levels of threat, complex decision demands, and minor control possibilities; and individual vulnerability factors, such as general worry and anger, low SOC, anxiety, and psychosomatic symptoms.

  • 241.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Att vara svensk officer på hög ledningsnivå vid påfrestande incidenter under internationella uppdrag: En redovisning av praktiska verktyg för att hantera stress2006Report (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Weibull, Alise
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Abrahamsson, BengtSwedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    The heritage and the present: From Invasion Defence to Mission Oriented Organization2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 243.
    Weibull, Louise
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Kontroll och motstånd inom det svenska försvaret2008In: Perspektiv på arbetsvetenskapens klassiker / [ed] Simonson, Birger, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet. Institutionen för arbetsvetenskap , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 244.
    Weibull, Louise
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    La gestion des émotions dans les opérations en faveur de la paix2011In: L’Année sociologique, ISSN 0066-2399, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 407-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Cet article aborde les diverses facettes de la gestion des émotionset de ses exigences au travers d’une étude qualitative portant sur les troupes suédoisesdéployées dans le cadre d’opérations en faveur de la paix, pour l’essentiel auKosovo et au Libéria. Il s’éloigne des traditions de recherche établies en sociologiedes émotions. L’analyse des données recueillies s’y réfère en effet à la typologieélaborée par Bolton (2005) à propos des émotions au travail. Cette typologie offre uncadre pluridimensionnel mettant en évidence la façon dont les règles de gestion dusentiment qui émanent de l’organisation, de la profession et de la société influent surla motivation, l’identité professionnelle, l’efficacité et la manière de servir. L’étudevalide une double hypothèse, la typologie de Bolton révèle certains aspects jusque-làrestés dans l’ombre des contraintes qui pèsent en la matière sur les acteurs militairesdes opérations en faveur de la paix ; les exigences de la gestion émotionnelle sont plusaiguës dans ce cadre d’activité que dans ceux dont a traité jusqu’ici la littérature.

  • 245.
    Weibull, Louise
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Vi borde också få medalj: Om stöd till militära familjer under utlandstjänstgöring2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 246. Wilde Larsson, B.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    von Holsten, K.
    Wickman, M.
    Theory-based assessment of patients' views on quality of care in England, France, Norway, and Sweden.2005In: International Journal for Quality in Health Care, ISSN 1353-4505, E-ISSN 1464-3677, Vol. 18, p. 62-73Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 247. Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Kvist, Linda
    Sandin-Bojö, Ann-Kristin
    Womens’ opinions on intrapartal care: development of a theory-based questionnaire2010In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 19, no 11-12, p. 1748-1760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim.

    To develop a patient questionnaire specific to intrapartal care, based on the theoretical foundation of the general instrument Quality from the Patient's Perspective (QPP).

    Background.

    Existing general patient questionnaires do not take intrapartal care aspects fully into account, and available intrapartal-specific patient questionnaires tend to have a weak theoretical foundation.

    Design.

    A cross-sectional, nationwide study carried out during a two-week period in 2007 at Swedish maternity units.

    Method.

    An intrapartal-specific QPP-questionnaire (QPP-I) was developed by combining a selection of 22 items from the short and long versions of the QPP with 10 newly constructed items. Responses were obtained from 739 women (63% response rate). The dimensionality of the QPP-I was assessed using structural equation modelling (a nested factor model). Non-parametric statistics were used for subgroup comparisons.

    Results.

    A nested model with a general factor including all 32 items and 10 subordinate factors was developed. Most scales had acceptable reliability coefficients (0 center dot 73-0 center dot 93), and a meaningful pattern of subgroup differences was obtained.

    Conclusions.

    The QPP-I is theory based and has its roots in a patient perspective. It was developed using a nationwide sample of Swedish women receiving intrapartal care, and an advanced statistical method was used. The outcome of this initial empirical trial was promising but needs to be tested in different countries and cultures.

    Relevance to clinical practice.

    By combining womens' responses on perceived reality and subjective importance ascribed to the various aspects of care measured, the QPP-I offers the care provider better guidelines on which elements to focus quality improvement work on, than would be the case if only a rank order of perceived reality ratings was available.

  • 248.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Sandin Bojö, A
    Starrin, Bengt
    Karlstads universitet.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Childbearing womens' feelings and perceptions of quality of intrapartum care: A nation-wide Swedish cross-sectional study2011In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 20, no 7-8, p. 1168-1177Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 249. Wilde-Larsson, B.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Development of a short form of the Quality from the Patient's Perspective (QPP) questionnaire2002In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 681-687Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    • Patients' views on the quality of care are important and it is desirable that these can be assessed using short, yet valid and reliable instruments.

    • The aim of the work reported here was to develop and test a short version of an established questionnaire: Quality from the Patient's Perspective (QPP).

    • Patients (n=162, 79% response rate) receiving care at medical and surgical departments in two Swedish hospitals responded to the original QPP as well as to a newly developed short version. An ethical research committee approved the study.

    • Pearson correlations were computed between the long and short forms and differences between means were analysed with t-tests. Reliability was estimated by computing Cronbach alpha coefficients.

    • Correlations of acceptable size were found between the short form and the original QPP. The short form also had acceptable reliability coefficients.

    • The strengths of the work are that the items in the short version are derived from a patient perspective and are formulated in words used by patients; the items still have a theoretical foundation, which makes the interpretation of results more meaningful; global formulations such as `What do you think about your care?' have been avoided; the short format should make the questionnaire more attractive for many patients to respond to.

    • Limitations are that results indicate that the short form does not fully measure what the long form does. Therefore, when the short form is used in practice, a two-step procedure is suggested, where a follow-up is done with a selection of items from the original long form. This selection could be restricted to areas where problems may be suspected, based on the results from the short form.

  • 250. Wilde-Larsson, B.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Rizell Carlsson, S.
    Advanced home care: Can patients' opinions on the quality of care be replaced by those of family members2004In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 226-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background.  Advanced medical care in the patient's home setting is becoming more common. Many of the patients who receive this kind of care have severe illnesses and are unable to respond to questions about the quality of care. The research question was: are the patients’ opinions congruent with those of family members?

    Aim.  To explore and compare the relationship between patients’ perception of the quality of care and close family members’ perception of this care as well as their perception of the patients’ perception.

    Methods.  Sixty-seven patients receiving advanced home care, 82 family members (54 matched patient + family member pairs) participated. Data were collected using a short version of the quality from the patient's perspective questionnaire modified to advanced home care.

    Results.  A high degree of perceptual congruence was found between patients and their family members. The similarity was also high between family members’ own opinion and their appraisal of how the patient perceived the care. A subgroup of family members who met the patient once a week or less often deviated from this pattern.

    Conclusion.  Patients’ views on the quality of care are congruent with the opinions of family members if they meet every day (live together) and share the same everyday and care-related experiences. The results can be understood in the light of empathic accuracy theory.

    Relevance to clinical practice.  The findings of this study have important implications for clinical nursing practice. Family members’ perception of the quality of care may be a valuable data source for nurses in the case of advanced home care if the patient and family member share the same everyday, care-related experiences, otherwise family members’ perception tend to be more critical than those of the patients themselves.

23456 201 - 250 of 261
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