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  • 201.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destruktivt ledarskap vid krishantering2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med studien var att öka kunskapen om destruktivt ledarskap i krishanteringsorganisationer. En intervjustudie genomfördes med 21 informanter från länsstyrelser, kommuner, kommunal räddningstjänst och polisen. Resultaten visar att destruktivt ledarskap kan förstås som en process som börjar med att individen tolkar ledarens beteenden som destruktiva. Det påverkar individens förmåga och motivation att utföra sitt arbete. Intensiteten i konsekvenserna av dessa upplevda destruktiva beteenden påverkas av de upplevda orsakerna till beteendet, individens coping-strategier och det stöd organisationen ger. De olika delarna i denna process diskuteras mer utförligt i rapporten i relation till krishanteringskontexten. Som exempel kan nämnas att ledare kan vara konstruktiva när det gäller lösandet av uppgiften (krisen) men destruktiva i sin relation till medarbetarna/samarbetsaktörer. I rapporten diskuteras även hur ledarskapsideal kan leda till utövandet av destruktivt ledarskap.

  • 202.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Alvinius, AidaSwedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Dark Sides of Organizational Behavior and Leadership2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, scholars have focused more on the "dark sides of leadership." Both the negative and positive aspects of the relationship between leaders and followers are considered. But the relationship between leaders and followers is also influenced by the context in which the relationship occurs. Organizational aspects such as culture and structures are studied in relation to how negative leadership develops. Organizations, just like humans, are able to develop justifications for their actions, to self-aggrandize by claiming their exclusivity. In this book, the dark sides of organizational behaviors and leadership are considered from different aspects and contexts. The book contributes knowledge of how negative leadership develops, what part organizational structures play, and what the consequences are for the leader, the subordinates and the organization.

  • 203.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Introductory chapter: Dark sides of organizations and leadership – an integrative approach and definitions2019In: Dark Sides of Organizational Behavior and Leadership / [ed] Fors Brandebo Maria and Alvinius Aida, London: INTECH, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 204.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Klockare, Ellinor
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Återanställning i Försvarsmakten: en intervjustudie med återanställda soldater2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the motive-structure of soldiers who has re-enlisted with the Swedish Armed forces. The following research questions were formulated: (1) Which factors influenced the decision to leave the armed forces, and (2) which factors influenced the decision to re-enlist with the armed forces. Eleven re-enlisted soldiers, from three different units, were interviewed. The interviews were analyzed according to a grounded theory-approach. A theoretical model describing the re-enlistment process from an individual perspective was developed.The theoretical model shows that in order to understand re-enlisted soldiers motive-structure in relation to re-enlistment we need to consider the following aspects: (a) the soldiers´ individual work approach, (b) their experiences of employment, (c) factors influencing their decision to leave the armed forces, (d) their reflection process that develops as a result of a contrast between the civilian and the military employment, and (e) their motives and thoughts in relation to the decision to re-enlist with the armed forces. In the report, we discuss the importance of goal attainment, commanders’ attitude towards re-enlisted soldiers and commitment and interest in the armed forces as a result of the reflection process.

  • 205.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Trust and destructive leadership during international military operations: A longitudinal study2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 206.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Lundell, Emil
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Därför lämnade de Försvarsmaken: en kvantitativ studie om tidigare anställda soldater och sjömäns motivstruktur2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att studera potentiell återanställningsbarhet och motivationsstruktur hos individer som lämnat Försvarsmakten. Följande frågeställningar avsågs att besvaras: (1) Vilka faktorer påverkade individernas beslut att lämna Försvarsmakten? och (2) Vilka faktorer påverkar huruvida individen vill ta återanställning i Försvarsmakten eller ej?

    Med hjälp av en enkät besvarade 786 tidigare kontinuerligt tjänstgörande gruppbefäl, soldater och sjömän frågor om varför de lämnade Försvarsmakten och om deras attityd till att ta återanställning. Resultaten visar att de flesta trivdes bra under sin anställning. Vanligaste orsakerna till att lämna var brist på utveckling, missnöje över lönen, och för att  påbörja civila studier/arbete. Brist på utveckling är den faktor som bäst predicerar om tidigare kontinuerligt tjänstgörande personal vill ta återanställning i Försvarsmakten eller ej.

  • 207.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destruktivt ledarskap: Hur uppkommer det? Vilka effekter får det? Vad kan man göra åt det?2018Book (Other academic)
  • 208.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Department of Public Health, Hedmark University College, Elverum, Norway.
    Leadership: Is bad stronger than good?2016In: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 690-710Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    – The purpose of this paper is to investigate if the thesis “bad is stronger than good” also holds true for a number of leadership issues, more specifically: trust in the immediate leader, emotional exhaustion, work atmosphere and propensity to leave.

    Design/methodology/approach

    – Questionnaire responses were obtained from military personnel in Estonia, Sweden, Switzerland and the Netherlands (n=625).

    Findings

    – Multiple regression analyses revealed a certain pattern. Constructive leadership behaviours showed stronger positive associations with trust in the immediate supervisor and work atmosphere, than destructive leadership behaviours showed negative associations. On the other hand, destructive leadership behaviours showed stronger positive associations with emotional exhaustion and propensity to leave, than constructive leadership behaviours showed negative associations. This suggests that constructive leadership behaviours possibly have a greater impact on positive phenomenon and/or phenomenon associated with work-related relationships. On the other hand, destructive leadership behaviours appear to have a greater impact on negative phenomena with a stronger personal meaning. The results also show that the passive forms of destructive leadership are the behaviours that had the strongest impact on the investigated dependent variables.

    Research limitations/implications

    – Limitations related to item construction, common method variance, response set tendencies, translation of the instruments, and lack of response rate are discussed.

    Practical implications

    – The results emphasize the importance of focusing on both constructive and destructive leadership at the selection stage, as well as during training of military leaders. Focusing on them separately obstructs optimal leader development and prevents leaders from gaining authentic self-knowledge. The results also point at the importance of including both aspects of leadership in leader evaluation processes.

    Originality/value

    – The use of both constructive and destructive leadership behaviours with respondents from multiple nations in the same analysis.

  • 209.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Measuring destructive leadership behaviours2016In: Negative leadership: international perspectives / [ed] Daniel Watola & ave Woycheshin, Kingston, Kanada: Canadian Defence Academy Press , 2016, p. 75-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wolgers, Gerhard
    HR Center, Swedish Armed Forces.
    Towards a Definition of Integrity in the Military2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 211.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Berglund, Anna Karin
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Militära ledares förmåga att öka eller bibehålla anställdas arbetstillfredsställelse: Praktiska handlingsstrategier2014Report (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Berglund, Anna Karin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    The impact of constructive and destructive leadership on soldier's job satisfaction2018In: Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, E-ISSN 1558-691XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether constructive or destructive leadership behaviors are the best predictors of soldiers’ experienced meaningfulness of work and general job satisfaction. Data were collected among 300 employed soldiers using a questionnaire. The questionnaire contained questions about the immediate leader’s constructive and destructive leadership, meaningfulness of work and general job satisfaction. The results show that the constructive leadership factor inspiration and motivation was the best predictor of both experienced meaningfulness of work and general job satisfaction. None of the destructive leadership factors gave a significant contribution to the models although both the passive and active forms of destructive leadership showed a weak to moderate significant, negative correlation with experienced meaningfulness of work and general job satisfaction.

  • 213.
    Fors, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    The Routine Activity Robber: Learnings from a total study of cash-in-transit robberies and opportunity structures2015In: The Stockholm Criminology Symposium: Program & Abstracts 2015 / [ed] Brottsförebyggande rådet, Stockhom, 2015, p. 162-162Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With this total study it is shown how opportunity structures influence criminals in the case of cash-in-transit (CIT) robberies. Sweden was one of the countries hit hardest by robberies of CITs in the early 2000s, in relationship to the population. Robbers, often armed with automatic weapons and explosives, could get away with lots of money, with the justice system initially unable to stabilize the situation.

    Likely offenders saw suitable targets and the lack of capable guardians, as discussed by the Routine Activity Theory. This applies to the situation in Sweden in the late 1990s when robbers moved away from bank robberies and chose CITs for their relatively lower safety (lack of capable guardians) and the higher amount of money available (suitable targets). It also explains how the target hardening processes strengthened the security of banks and CITS, respectively, hence making them less suitable targets. This displacement effect once again showed in 2007-2008, with a brief spike of bank robberies, when the robbers moved away from the CITs.

    The total study provides an overview of every CIT/cash depot robbery in Sweden since the late 1990s. By mapping out these aggravated robberies, it offers knowledge about how such robberies actually look like: the number of perpetrators, their level of organization, their armament and methods, and often their “success” rate. A total study is a rare opportunity for criminologists to study a subject without having to deal with the usual restrictions of selection bias. If the crime studied at the same time is rare, compared to every day crime, but not rare enough to be statistically problematic, then the researcher should be able to come up with a solid description of opportunity structures influence the development of crime.

     

  • 214.
    Forslund, David
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Smygteknik och smygtaktik : om smygteknikens påverkan på sjötaktiken2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how stealth technology affects Swedish tactics in the naval arena. Could stealth technology improve the chances of successful naval warfare? This puts focus on three underlying questions: how stealth technology affects your odds, in a duel, in deceptive action, and during reconnaissance/information gathering?

    This requires a description of stealth technology, benefits and disadvantages, and a thorough picture of Swedish naval tactics. With this in mind, an analysis is conducted where the benefits of stealth technology are compared with Swedish naval tactics. The main results of this study shows that, firstly, the subject needs more careful research, secondly that stealth technology gives, if properly used, a tactical advantage.

  • 215.
    Forsmark, Jonas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Svensk-finsk samverkan för maritim säkerhet i Östersjön2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Globalisering, digitalisering och miljöförstöring är faktorer som bidragit till dagens komplexa säkerhetssituation, i synnerhet på den maritima arenan. Forskning inom maritim säkerhet pekar entydigt på att nyckeln till framgång är samverkan mellan alla aktörer, såväl civila som militära. Sverige och Finlands försörjning är beroende av säkra sjötransporter varför maritim säkerhet i Östersjön är viktig för ländernas utveckling. Sverige och Finlands fördjupade militära samarbete har varit fokus för flera studier men förutsättningarna för myndighetssamverkan i det bredare perspektivet maritim säkerhet har inte studerats i samma omfattning.

    Denna studie undersöker genom kvalitativ textanalys hur de båda länderna ser på myndighetssamverkan och vilka förutsättningar som finns för samverkan i kontexten maritim säkerhet. Analysen genomförs med stöd av teorier kring samverkan – hur begreppet tolkas och vilka faktorer som påverkar effektiv samverkan mellan myndigheter.

    Slutsatsen är att det finns stora likheter i hur de båda länderna organiserar sig inom det maritima området och förutsättningarna för samverkan är goda ur ett organisatoriskt perspektiv. Det finns dock kulturella skillnader mellan de olika myndigheterna vilka behöver beaktas.

    I båda länderna finns sedan tidigare flera etablerade samverkansnätverk vilka kan användas för att utveckla ett fördjupat samarbetet inom maritim säkerhet, ett område där båda länderna redan har kommit långt. Utifrån aktuell forskning krävs dock ännu mer ifråga om myndighetssamverkan och politisk vilja. Denna uppsats visar att förutsättningarna för detta finns.

  • 216.
    Frank, Anders
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division, Sektionen för krigsspel.
    Achieving Game Goals at All Costs?: The Effect of Reward Structures on Tactics Employed in Educational Military Wargaming2014In: FRONTIERS IN GAMING SIMULATION, 2014, p. 13-20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key motive in using gaming for educational purposes is to enhance user motivation and involvement to the subject matter. Within military education, games have always been utilized as a means to think clearly about military operations. However, some research results have shown that gaming, regardless of what the game is supposed to portray, is a meaningful activity in itself, and this can distract the learner away from the educational objective. Playing the game, then, becomes similar to competition, such as in sports where the objective is to only win the game. The player directs actions to achieving game goals even though some actions are inappropriate from a learning perspective. To shed light on the discrepancy between playing a game to win and playing a game to learn, we conducted an experiment on cadets playing an educational wargame. By varying the conditions of the game, playing with or without points, while still in line with the learning objective, we were interested to see what impact it had on the tactics employed by cadets. The results showed that adding reward structures, such as points, changed the outcome of the game, that is, groups playing with points played the game more aggressively and utilized the military units more extensively. These findings suggest that changes in the game design, although educationally relevant, may distract learners to be more oriented towards a lusory attitude, in which achieving the game goals becomes players' biggest concern.

  • 217.
    Fransson, Bengt
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies.
    Hur kan effektivitet inom underrättelsetjänst värderas?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Införandet av Grundsyn Underrättelsetjänst (Grundsyn Und08) beskrivs som en stor utmaning för underrättelsetjänsten i så motto att nya metoder och processer skall utvecklas som gör att man på ett effektivare sätt möter olika beslutsfattares framtida krav.

    Inom verksamhetsfältet underrättelsetjänst saknas en allmänt erkänd effektivitetsdefinition varvid ordets betydelse och användning ligger öppet för bedömning och tolkning. Man kan därför på goda grunder anta att det inom professionen finns en mängd olika uppfattningar om hur begreppet effektivitet bör värderas.

    Detta är inte tillfredsställande om man beaktar hur värdeladdat effektivitetsbegreppet är i de sammanhang det används. Avsaknad av en effektivitetsdefinition innebär ur en teoretisk synvinkel att effektivitetsbegreppets räckvidd därmed blir oklar. Det behövs därför en gemensam förståelse av hur effektivitetsbegreppet kan tolkas och förstås. De tankar som här läggs fram skall i detta sammanhang förhoppningsvis utgöra ett bidrag som ökar förståelse för användandet av effektivitetsbegreppet inom underrättelsetjänsten.

  • 218.
    Fredriksson, Elena
    Swedish Defence University.
    Kvinnan och karriären: En kvantitativ studie i kvinnors karriärmöjligheter i försvarsmakten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women in the Armed Forces all over the world are in minority in general. In the Swedish Armed Forces only 7% of the officers are female and for every hierarchal step the percentage decreases. The aim of this study is to increase the knowledge of genderrelations in maledominated organizations where a pressure exists to change these relations. The study focuses on how these relations influence women´s oppertunitys in making a career.

    The study is conducted through a survey where women and men are asked questions designed after Joan Acker´s theory of “Doing gender” and Rosabeth Moss Kanter´s theory of empowerment. 

    The result of this study shows that women and men choose to make a career for mostly the same reasons but have different opinions of the possibilities for men and women. According to Kanter´s theory of empowerment this can be explained by the social networks that men have but women are excluded from. Also the opinions of equal presuppositions diverse between men and women and through the lens of Acker´s theory of gendered organizations this is due to the day-to-day practices where women are deviant from the male norm and also from being absent from work when having children.

  • 219.
    Friis, Karsten
    et al.
    Norska utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Rehman, Sanaa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Mustonen, Jari
    Stepputat, Finn
    Grönberg, Göran
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Nordic Approaches to Whole-of-Government: in Afghanistan and beyond2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Comprehensive Approach (CA) and Whole-of-Government Approach (WGA) are rather new concepts within the field of security studies. They can be described as approaches based on the assumption that greater integration, coherence and coordination will result in more effective peacekeeping operations. The concept of CA has been adopted by different international organizations and WGA by several countries which in different ways have realted to the concept in propositions and steering documents. Sweden, Finland, Norway and Denmark have also realized the importance of CA/WGA, not least as regards the ongoing operation in Afghanistan where all the Nordic countries are involved and where the operation is characterized by a range of actors working in different missions withing the same field. What do these Nordic national strategies towards CA/WGA look like? Might we speak of a common Nordic CA/WGA model?

  • 220.
    Fritzon, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University.
    Manöverkrigföring - nyckeln till framgång?: en studie om bekämpning av hybrida aktörer2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The war in Ukraine set focus on hybrid warfare which is often described as a new era in warfighting. Most countries in the western world train their armies to fight against a regular or an irregular opponent. One of the warfighting concepts that has been adopted by armies around the world is maneuver warfare. The concept of hybrid warfare leads some researchers to argue that maneuver warfare as a concept is a part of the past and that new theories should replace this concept. However, previous research about how to counter such an op-ponent is limited. This case study therefore strives to find examples of historical cases where maneuver war-fare has been conducted against a hybrid opponent. By doing this the study therefore contributes to military science by filling a knowledge gap that exists in how we understand warfare against a hybrid opponent. The conclusion of the study is that maneuver warfare was conducted on both an operational level as well as on a tactical level against Hamas during Operation Cast Lead but not against Hezbollah during the second Lebanon war. These cases demonstrate that maneuver warfare as a concept is also relevant against a hybrid opponent.

     

  • 221.
    Fritzson, Terese
    Swedish Defence University.
    Logistikfunktionens tekniska och taktiska utveckling: En fallstudie av 1.Pansardivisons utveckling mellan år 1935 till 19452018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the development of technology and of tactics in the logistics branch. Previous studies discuss a wide range of theories that investigates technology and tactical development for combat units, but it is still unknown how the development of logistics units can be explained. The ambition with this bachelor thesis is to develop a theory that clarifies if the development of the logistics branch’s technology and tactics can be explained with the same theories as for the combat units, or if the process depends on the combat units new requirements that arise from their development.

    This research is based on a one-case study of the German 1.Panzer division’s combat unit and logistics branch during its active years 1935 to 1945. The analysis is based on Lautenschlägers theory regarding development of technology and tactics. The results comfirm that Lautenschlägers theory explicates the development in the combat units but not in the logistics branch. The results of the analysis instead comfirm that tha logistics brach’s technology and tactics development depends on the combat units and that an independent developing process is absent.

  • 222.
    Furugård, Alf
    Swedish Defence University.
    Principen om överraskning – en daterad tanke i modern marin krigföring?2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The principles of war are appreciated as guidelines in doctrines and theorist Robert R. Leonhard states that surprise is more vital than ever in combat, but criticism is equally distributed. The principles might not even be valid since they lack examination systematically and empirically. 

    The purpose of this study is to examine the principle of surprise through a case study based upon naval operations during the Yom Kippur and Falklands War. 

    This tentative study is based on the thoughts of classical theorists. These thoughts are operationalized and subsequently investigated in literature in order to evaluate the validity. 

    The results show that the principle of surprise is valid to some extent in modern combat, but the factors validity may vary. The principle of surprise also becomes more nuanced in this study, as indicators and examples became connected to the principle. 

    It can be concluded that the study identifies a need for further empirical research as well as investigation on whether new factors can be discovered in modern combat. 

  • 223.
    Furuseth, Ole
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Har man i tilstrekkelig grad ivaretatt den mennesklige faktoren i utviklingen av NNEC ML?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis have been to evaluate to what extend the ongoing development of Nato Network Enabling Capabilities Maturity levels, ( NNEC ML) have incorporated the human factor, or if the development is focusing to much on the technological aspects. As a background I have described the NNEC Maturity levels and to central elements; Defence lines of development and NNEC Value chain. In my thesis I point out different areas where the human factor is not taken enough into consideration, and I argue for a shift in focus from technology to the human factor. My conclusion is that it is necessary to shift focus from technology to the human factor in the following development if we shall succeed in bringing NATO and the different nations to the highest maturity level, Coherent. There is no doubt that technology is important, but it seems like the word networked is interpreted to be only a matter of technology. Concerning aspects like cultural understanding and the western linear way of thinking, it is necessary to broaden the meaning of the word networked to include the human factor in a greater sense. NNEC ML 5, Coherent means a maturity level where it is unnatural to operate in any other way than networked. A prerequisite to achieve this maturity level is that the people in the network feel familiar with the system they are operating, and trust their coalition partners. If we shall succeed in bringing the NATO coalition and the different nations to the highest maturity level it is essential that the human factor is prioritized in the following development. For the time being, the human factor is not emphasized enough.

  • 224. Fåhraeus, Tonie
    et al.
    Rydmark, Joacim
    The need for information in future wars1998In: Proceedings of the 4th International Command and Control Research & Technology Symposium, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 225.
    Gabert, Antoine
    Swedish National Defence College. University of Defence, Brno.
    The similarities and differences in the national security strategies of Sweden, Russia and the Czech Republic2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a comparative study of the national security strategies of Sweden, Russia and the Czech Republic. The analysis investigates the contextual analysis made by each country and the identified security threats. To compare and find out the similarities and differences two theoretical approaches are used: realism and liberalism. To compare and identify the threats a five factor model is used, originating of general military threat assessment.

  • 226.
    Gailan, Mohammed
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL).
    National Security Concerns And The Kurdistan Region In A New Middle East: From Rebellion To Statehood: The Influences Of Power, Threat Enviornment And Opportunity Structures On The Choice Of Becoming An Independent State2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Under which conditions do some nations and de facto state actors with relative power assert their statehood and independence? What factors should we focus on when we assess such cases? How much can we relate a nation’s choice and path to statehood and independence to its national security concerns? The aim of this case study has been to answer the questions asked above and explain why nations during some periods do not choose to declare independence and form their own state and during other periods they aim to do so. The case of the Kurdistan region of Iraq has been selected and studied both due the drastic regional changes in the Middle East since Saddam Hussein’s fall and the rise Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. During 2003-2005, the US invaded Iraq, toppled Saddam Hussein and destroyed the Iraqi army. Unlike the expectations that the Kurds would declare independence, they did not do so. However, 14 years after the fall of Saddam Hussein and establishment of the new Iraq, the Kurds aim to declare independence and form their own state. Hence, the puzzle is why not then and 14 years later? Inspired by realism, nationalist movement theory and rational strategic actor, three interrelated hypotheses have been tested and verified, which lay ground for a theoretical and explanatory model for this and similar cases within the fields of security studies and international relations. Process tracing has been used as an additional analytical tool in order to detect critical junctures and the chain of events that have produced the two different outcomes. The empirical material is mainly based on a fieldwork conducted in the Kurdistan region followed up by 12 individual qualitative interviews with a number of highly ranked Kurdish political and military officials including the President of the Kurdistan region, the Foreign Minister of the Kurdistan region, a senior Foreign and Security Advisor, three Peshmerga Generals and six members of both Kurdistan and Iraqi Parliaments. Building on the previous research, the findings of this study suggest that the choice and decision for becoming an independent and sovereign de jure state is closely related to a nation’s national security concerns and it is the same factors that causes a nation to declare/not declare independence during different periods of time. They are: (1) changes in power relations and access to a certain degree of indirect/direct external support and cooperation, (2) the existence/non-existence of national security threats and threat environments and (3) the rise of opportunity structures, strategic thinking and the ability to mobilize resources.

  • 227.
    Garström, Martin
    Swedish Defence University.
    Wayne p. Hughes och Geoffrey till: en teoriprövande fallstudie på Yom Kippur-kriget 19732019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the current research, the factors of success and foundational principles of war are vaguely described; this is in spite of their prominent occurrence in military doctrines. There seems to be a lack of empirical evidence underpinning the theories of Wayne P. Hughes (2000) and Geoffrey Till (2014) and also few or none precursor studies that apply these frameworks to the analysis of modern sea battles, which reduces their theoretical validity. This paper aims to address the gap in empirical research in the field by applying the theories of Hughes and Till to a case-study examination of the Yom-Kippur war 1973 and to determine their utility and relevance for analysing modern naval warfare. The findings of the case-study indicate that Hughes’ theory in particular can contribute to the theoretical analysis of modern naval warfare since all factors of success were fulfilled. Nine of the eleven factors of Till's theory were identified in the analysis, and these nine are regarded as having high explanatory power. The remaining two factors partly identified in the analysis are regarded as having less relevance as factors of success for modern naval warfare. More empirical studies have to be researched to allow generalization of this papers results.

  • 228.
    Gertsson, Jonas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Försvarsmaktens befälssystemsreform: Från Ny Befälsordning till Tvåbefälssystemet2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this thesis is to analyse the present and the previous officer systems. Thefocus of the study is to discern what in the application of the new officer system will differfrom the old one, namely what its new features will be. The author intends to critically revisehow the two systems differ from each other and what pros and cons they each have.In 1983 the One-level Command System was introduced in Sweden. It did not have anyequivalent in other armed forces around the world. This system has been debated andcriticized immensely and in January 2006 the decision was made to reintroduce a consolidatedofficer system in the shape of an “all rank system”. This thesis intends to show the alterationswhich have been made as well as to examine the pros and cons of the two systems.This study has been carried out with the help and use of a qualitative method and mainly theuse of official documents and inquiries.The study shows that there are several benefits and disadvantages in both systems. Byintroducing the “all rank system” the Swedish National Defence has made an attempt toremedy the shortcomings of the one-level command system as well as to keep a portion of thelegacy from the earlier systems.

  • 229.
    Giannakopoulos, Andreas
    Swedish Defence University.
    The European Union’s Military Cooperation in the Face of International Terrorism: A Constructivist Institutionalist Analysis of the British Case2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to answer the research question “Has the post-September 11 ‘war on terror’changed the way in which the EU approaches military cooperation, despite the unwillingness ofmember states to cooperate on the matter and to surrender national sovereignty over themilitary? If so, how?” in order to test the theoretical framework of constructivist institutionalismin the setting of counterterrorist military centralisation and cooperation within the EU.Constructivist institutionalism predicts the drive towards institutional communitarisation bymember-states, in terms of discourse, norms, ideas, and practices. In order to test this, the case ofthe United Kingdom is chosen, as the least likely case of a drive towards militarycommunitarisation. In particular, the British discourse, norms, ideas, and practices following the2005 London Bombings and 2015 Paris attacks are examined. However, the progress towardscommunitarisation is not observed in these cases, as there is no mention of EU militarycooperation. These results are not what the theory predicts, and indeed, EU militarycommunitarisation is currently taking place, at least discursively. This reveals a shortcoming ofthe theory, as it assumes the underlying institutionalist norms of itself to be shared by anymember-states as well. The conclusion arrived upon is that whilst constructivist institutionalismis a thorough and holistic theory, it must be further developed in order to be usable in theanalysis of not only institutions, but also their member-states and their behaviour.

  • 230.
    Granberg, Staffan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division, Sektionen för krigsspel.
    Hulterström, Patrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Ecological Psychology: A Framework for Wargame Design2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 231.
    Granåsen, Magdalena
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Barius, Per
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Command and Control Section.
    Hallberg, Niklas
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Josefsson, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Command and Control Section.
    Exploring Mission Command in a Concept for Future Command and Control2018In: 23rd International Command and Control Research & Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): Multi-Domain C2 / [ed] Alberts, David, International Command and Control Institute , 2018, Vol. Topic 3, article id 22Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Future Command and Control (C2) need to be both agile and resilient to cope with unpredictable operational environments and to make use of the technological advances. The Swedish Armed Forces develops a concept for future C2 of military operations. The objective of this paper is to explore the utilization of mission command in a future C2 concept. Sweden has a solid tradition of mission command, promoted by the Swedish culture of participation and empowerment. However, the future operational environment demands a need for organizational agility, thus changing the prerequisites for mission command. The future C2 concept, which is under development, encompasses centralized and decentralized command in fixed and temporary organizations. Centralized approaches may be preferred when it comes to prioritization of technologically advanced exclusive resources. On the other hand, dynamic situations demand rapid decision making and seizing the opportunity given in the moment. The future operational environment includes hybrid warfare and gray zone issues, demanding thorough analysis in order to foresee the political consequences of decisions. Sensor and communication technologies enable enhanced situation awareness; however, the infrastructure is vulnerable. The current paper analyses the application of mission command in the future operational environment, and further mission command in relation to organizational agility. The conclusion is that mission command is still relevant in the complex future operational environment. However, the increasingly complex operational environment demands continuous development of the C2 function.

  • 232.
    Greberg, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Den underlägsnes väg till framgång: En luftmaktsteoretisk analys av oktoberkriget 19732016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 6 oktober 1973, på den judiska högtidsdagen Yom Kippur, påbörjar Egypten och Syrien Oktoberkriget genom att överraskande anfalla Israel över två fronter. Inledningsvis led Israel stora förluster men lyckades återta initiativet och vända det allvarliga läget till slutligframgång, en bedrift där de israeliska flygstridskrafterna spelade en avgörande roll. 

    Då vedertagen luftmaktsteori har kritiserats som resursfokuserad och enbart applicerbar för stormakter väcks frågan hur Israel som underlägsen part kunde vinna framgång med flygstridskrafter mot den kvantitativt överlägsna arabiska koalitionen? 

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka vilka luftmaktsteoretiska faktorer som kan

    förklara hur en underlägsen nation kan vinna framgång mot en kvantitativt överlägsen motståndare inom ramen för luftkrigföring under mellanstatlig konflikt. I centrum av undersökningen står Oktoberkriget 1973 som analyseras genom två luftmaktsteoretiska perspektiv: det revolutionära där luftmakt betraktas som ett medel för direkt strategisk effekt och det evolutionära där flygstridskrafter utgör en integrerad del av de gemensamma styrkorna. Studien visar att israels framgångar med flygstridskrafter under Oktoberkriget till största del förklaras ur ett evolutionärt perspektiv där operativ samverkan var avgörande för utvecklingen på konfliktens båda fronter.

  • 233.
    Gunnarsson, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kraftsamling i Defensiven: Ett tidsperspektiv på tysk operationskonst under andra världskriget2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar tysk operationskonst under andra världskriget utifrån ett tidsperspektiv med betoning på rörligt försvar inom ramen för en operativ defensiv. Detta är en teorikonsumerande uppsast som syftar till att utveckla förståelsen av begreppet kraftsamling i tid. Robert Leonhards teori om tidsaspektens betydelse appliceras på en teoretisk ansats om tysk operationskonst  och på den tyska defensiven i Donkröken vintern 1942-1943.

  • 234.
    Gunnarsson, Simon
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Svensk taktik inom Counterinsurgency2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Försvarsbesluten under 2000-talet har inneburit en inriktning för Försvarsmakten mot internationella insatser. En del av de internationella insatserna har ställt Försvarsmakten mot en motståndare av irreguljär karaktär, speciellt i Afghanistan. Denna uppsats vill undersöka vilka lärdomar Försvarsmakten dragit avseende upprorsmotverkan (COIN), och specifikt, lärdomar avseende marktaktik inom COIN, för att öka kunskapen om COIN inom Försvarsmakten.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka Försvarsmaktens syn på taktik inom COIN, genom att undersöka ett antal svenska samtida normativa dokument och se om de överensstämmer med ett antal utvalda COIN-teorier samt besvara frågeställningen: Hur karaktäriseras beskrivningar av taktik inom Counterinsurgency, i samtida svenska normativa texter, jämfört med ett urval COIN-teorier?

    I uppsatsen beskrivs ett antal teorier angående taktik inom COIN. Utifrån teorierna formas variabler vilka används i en kvalitativ textanalys för att undersöka de olika dokumenten. Resultatet visar att beskrivningar av taktik inom COIN kan karakteriseras som bristande i doktrinerna. Reglementena beskrev däremot taktik både utförligt och detaljrikt och kompletterade varandra. Dock visade det sig att variabeln, offensiva operationer, inte beskrevs överensstämmande av något dokument. Bedömningen är att det finns ett behov av att Försvarsmakten utvecklar beskrivningar om offensivt agerande inom COIN, som tidigare forskning stödjer. Officersprogrammet bör även undersöka ifall en uppdatering av utbildningen, avseende irreguljär krigföring, är nödvändig. Speciellt med fokus på balansen mellan befolkningsfokuserad och fiendefokuserad COIN.

  • 235.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Fältanalys och fältövningar2018In: Militära Arbetsmetoder: lärobok i krigsvetenskap / [ed] Thunholm, Peter; Widén, Jerker; Wikström, Niklas, Malmö: Universus Academic press , 2018, p. 313-329Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utgångsläget för texten är att terräng är en viktig del av fältövningar och att terrängen kan ses från olika perspektiv. Syftet med föreliggande text är att visa på att den för krigföring så viktiga terrängen kan problematiseras och teoretiseras för att ge fruktbara idéer på dess användande, dess natur men också analys av den.

  • 236.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Hybrid warfare and law2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The weaponization of culture in Russia.

    The weaponization of Western weakness in the cases Ukraine & Syria.

    Western unwillingness to recognise Russian hostility: turned into a tool for Russia to undermine Western power.

  • 237.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Hybrid Warfare: Theoretical concept2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 238.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Legoknektar över alla gränser: Recension av Nir Arielli, och Bruce Collins (eds.), Transnational Soldiers: Foreign Military Enlistment in the Modern Era2015In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2014, no 2, p. 151-153Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 239.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Mau Mau-upproret och brittisk upprorsbekämpning i nytt ljus?: Recension av Huw Bennett, Fighting the Mau Mau: the British Army and Counter-Insurgency in the Kenya Emergency2014In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2014, no 2, p. 147-150Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 240.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Planning workshop talk2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 241.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    “Teaching in the trenches": A discussion on German tactical frontline training at the end of the First World War”2017Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Texten diskuterar den omorganisation som skedde i den kejserliga tyska armén inför våroffensiverna 1918. Detta görs utifrån primärkällor i det tyska landsarkivet i Karlsruhe, som inte tidigare använts. Såväl det snabba systemet för att tillvarata de senaste erfarenheterna från fronten diskuteras, som upplägget för att bokstavligen utbilda och omorganisera arméenheterna i skyttegravarna. Hanteringen av erfarenheter belyses genom en rapport som dels innehöll viktiga slutsatser, dels hanterades mycket snabbt från slaget i fråga, till de väpnade styrkornas befälhavares (Eric von Ludendorff) förord och vidare ned i tryckt form vid förband på Västfronten. Det andra exemplet visar på den snabba men ad hoc liknande process som vidtog vid omorganisationen av arméenheter till stormtruppstaktik. Förutsättningarna för att detta kan göras berörs i inledningen och anknyter till några faktorer såsom institutionell tillit och utbildning i det tyska civila samhället som underlättade det som sedan skedde i armén.  Perspektivet brygger från det allmänna i Tyskland till specifika dagorders vid Västfronten. Det senare går inte att komma åt annat än genom att använda de dokument som producerades för användande i den välfungerande byråkratiska hanteringen vid fronten.

  • 242.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Bachmann, Sascha
    Bournemouth Univerrsity.
    Military teaching for the future2015In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, Vol. 2, p. 131-145Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med nya militära utmaningar ställs frågan vad taktisk utbildning egentligen? Många sysselsätter sig med att undervisa i taktisk utbildning, men ställer man dem frågan vad taktik är så händer det ofta att svaret blir svävande och vagt. Är den taktiska utbildningen något som är tidsbundet och daterat? Tesen är att det centrala vid den taktiska utbildningen är förmedlandet och hanterandet av ett taktiskt språk. För att visa på detta inleds med ett exempel från det första världskrigets kejserliga tyska armé där relationen stat, krigsmakt, taktik och språk diskuteras. Stora taktiska förändringar kan genomfras på kort tid, under pågående konflikt med miljontals människor inblandade bara förutsättningarna finns. En välorganiserad stat med hög utbildnings och organisationsnivå är viktigt för en militär organisation då den bara är en exponent av samhället i stort. Denna del följs av taktisk utbildning vid två olika tillfällen i Sverige under det nära förflutna, dels vid stabsprogrammet, dels på officersprogrammet. Vid båda tillfällena är det uppenbart att skolandet i ett uniformt och effektivt taktiskt språk är centralt i undervisningen, oaktat den hierarkiska skillnaden vid tillfällena. Sammanfattningsvis kan sägas att på ytan må den taktiska undervisningen te sig bunden av sina scenarion och fall men att den på ett djupare plan uppehåller sig vid något mer allmänt som språk som också i lika hög grad är viktigt.

  • 243.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Bachmann, Sascha Dov
    Bournemouth University, United Kingdom.
    Western Denial and Russian Control: How Russia’s National Security Strategy Threatens a Western-Based Approach to Global Security, the Rule of Law and Globalization2017In: Polish Political Science Yearbook, ISSN 0208-7375, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 9-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Russian National Security Strategy of 2015 aims at achieving autarky from Western influences on global security, the rule of law and global trade. Russia aims at attaining this by applying a holistic mix of military, political and economic means to weaken the West and to strengthen its own role as a global player. The Russian approach builds on a strategy of reflexive control which as such is an old method, but the outcome of the application of this approach results in hybrid warfare which as such is a new emerging concept of warfighting. This short article looks at one particular aspect of this Russian strategy, namely using Hybrid, or non-linear, Warfare against its Western direct neighbours in particular and the West in general. We will discuss the underlying cultural logic in Russia’s actions and will reflect on the impact of Russia’s utilization of the existing cultural asymmetry as a form of warfare in regard to the West. The examples used in this text are taken from the context of the conflicts of Ukraine and Syria, but have to be seen as constituting a part of an on-going global conflict aimed at NATO and the EU. The text builds on years of research within the hybrid threat, warfare respectively, context by both authors.

  • 244.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Lindahl, Per
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Defensiven – begrepp och doktrinbakgrundIn: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, Vol. BihäfteArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I DENNA ARTIKEL kommer defensiven att belysas utifrån två olika perspektiv och genom två historiska exempel tagna från första respektive andra världskriget. Inledningsvis betraktas defensiven utifrån försvararen perspektiv och med ett exempel från Estland (Narva) 1944. Efter en historik bakgrundsbeskrivning, där bl a doktrinutvecklingen beskrivs, följer ett avsnitt avseende doktrin- och reglementsjämförelse mellan dåtida tyska och nutida svenska reglementen. Vi har i den delen valt att som metod söka efter vissa militärteoretiska indikatorer – fyra typiska begrepp inom defensiv och offensiv strid – för att diskutera likheter och olikheter mellan dåtid och nutid. De fyra valda begreppen är eldens (verkans) betydelse, terrängens betydelse, djupets betydelse och slutligen reservernas betydelse. Jämförelsen appliceras sedan på det taktiska exemplet innan denna del avslutas med en kort sammanfattning.

  • 245.
    Gunnérus, Philip
    Swedish Defence University.
    Interoperabilitet: Ett sätt att mäta den diffusa gränsen - The Blurring Lines Between Civil And Military2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 246.
    Gustafson, Michael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Hybridkrigföring: nya utmaningar eller klassiska principer som vi redan förstår?2016In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 161-170Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 247.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Interoperabilitet mellan mark- och flygstridskrafter: En nulägesanalys av Försvarsmaktens styrande och inriktande dokument utifrån Michael Codners och Ingvar Sjöbloms interoperabilitetsteori2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces tend to ask themselves if it is sufficiently multinational interoperablefor participation in international operations. An equally valid question today should be whether theSwedish Armed Forces are sufficiently nationally / internally interoperable, between their branchesof service, to be able to conduct independent operations based on the joint warfare theory.The lack of ability to joint warfare in the armed forces in general and the Swedish Armed Forcesspecially constitutes the essay´s fundamental problem. By using Codners and Sjöbloms custominteroperability theory, the Swedish Armed Forces documents were analyzed to highlight anyweaknesses related to joint warfare and national interoperability between Ground and Air Forces.The survey shows weaknesses linked to the custom theory and Swedish Armed Forces governingdocuments. The ability of a national interoperability is limited between Ground and Air Forcestoday, mostly because of weaknesses in the Swedish Armed Forces strategic concept which doesnot describe the importance of joint warfare at all levels sufficiently. This leads to deficienciesreflected in doctrines, regulations, technology, techniques and exercises. Lack of common documents,techniques, methods and exercises in turn affects armed services understanding of theirdifferent backgrounds and unique perspectives. The result will therefore be low national interoperabilityamong the armed services.

  • 248.
    Gustafsson, Emma
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Luftförsvar enligt svensk doktrin: En studie om Luftförsvar, Doktriner och kombinerade vapen2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 249.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Optimering mot den operativa miljön - en studie av logistik i stabiliseringsoperationer2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Adaption to the operational environment -

    a study of logistics in Stabilisation

     

    Abstract

    The study covers topics operational environment in fragile states, along with military operational and tactical logistics. Since the operating environment and therefore the purpose of the military instrument in important respects are distinctive in Stabilisation, in comparison with regular warfare, this means adaptation needs for the logistics.

    The purpose of this study is to analyze and develop the logistics can be designed for Stabilisation, in order to contribute to the logistics adapted to the generic features of the operational environment.

    The empirical data for the study was developed by Western operational and tactical doctrines of stabilisation and the theory is taken from Moshe Kress Operational Logistics. The analysis carried out by a logistics system's operation formalized criteria, and presents the salient adaptation needs for each phase of the operation.

    The generic need for adjustment proved to ensure the continuity that requires operational flexibility. The exception is the Secure where attainability, which in turn requires the ability of survivability, is the dominant criterion for optimizing the logistics system. A key finding of this study is that the Hold is likely to generate the greatest need for adaptation and capacity in an operational logistics system, in terms of operation as a whole.

    Keywords: Stabilisation, Counterinsurgency, Comprehensive Approach, Operational Environment, Logistics

  • 250.
    Gustafsson, Hans-Emil
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ur ett COIN perspektiv: Kriget mellan Israel och Libanon 20062010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the essay that follows I have used David Galulas COIN theory. I have then used Galulas theory and analyzed the war between Israel and Lebanon in 2006. The war from the Israeli point of view was a failure, as they failed to defeat Hezbollah and stop their rockets from firing into Israel. Despite the facts that the Israel had the most technologically advanced army in the Middle East and that they had air superiority in the area. In this essay I have discussed the following question: Are Galulas theories usable against an opponent like Hezbollah? After having written this essay, I have not beenable to conclude a definite answer, however I am convinced that it is possible. The reason for the Israeli failure was the fact that the Hezbollah were so well prepared for war. Whereas the Israeli forces were ill-prepared because of a substantial decrease in numbers compared to earlier years, and because the Israeli soldiers and officers were not trained for this type of war. In my opinion, the Israeli forces would have needed to focus much more on ground operations because the Hezbollah were so well prepared. This is exactly what stage one in Galulas COIN theory advises, where through military presence, separate the civilian population from the insurgents.

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