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  • 151.
    Hellman, Maria
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Tsunamikatastrofen i nationell och transnationell tv: en studie om medierollen i globala kriser2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 152.
    Hellman, Maria
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    EU Armed Forces’ use of social media in areas of deployment2016Inngår i: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 51-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The advent of social media can be seen both as a risk and an opportunity by armed forces. Previous research has primarily examined whether or not the use of social media endangers or strengthens armed forces’ strategic narrative. We examine armed forces’ perceptions of risks and opportunities on a broad basis, with a particular focus on areas of deployment. The article is based on a survey of perceptions of social media amongst the armed forces of EU member states, thus adding to previous research through its comparative perspective. Whereas previous research has mainly focused on larger powers, such as the US and the UK, this article includes the views of the armed forces of 26 EU states, including several smaller nations. In analyzing the results we asked whether or not risk and opportunity perceptions were related to national ICT maturity and the existence of a social media strategy. The analysis shows that perceptions of opportunities outweigh perceptions of risks, with marketing and two-way communication as the two most prominent opportunities offered by the use of social media. Also, armed forces in countries with a moderate to high ICT maturity emphasize social media as a good way for marketing purposes.

  • 153.
    Hellman, Maria
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Riegert, Kristina
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Transnational News and Crisis Reporting: the Indian Ocean Tsunami in CNN and Swedish TV42009Inngår i: After the Tsunami: crisis Communication in Finland and Sweden / [ed] Ullamaja Kivikuru & Lars Nord, Göteborg: Nordicom , 2009, s. 127-149Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 154.
    Hellman, Maria
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    How can European states respond to Russian information warfare?: An analytical framework2017Inngår i: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 153-170Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How can European democratic states respond to Russian information warfare? This article aims to enable and spur systematic research of how democracies can respond to the spread of distorted information as part of information warfare. The article proposes four ideal-type models representing different strategies that democratic governments can employ; blocking, confronting, naturalising and ignoring. Each strategy is illustrated by ways of empirical examples of strategies applied by European states in view of what is regarded as an unwelcome Russian strategic narrative that is spread as part of information warfare. We problematise each strategy and explore reasons for why states choose one strategy over another. We then explore how different strategies might contribute to destabilise or stabilise the security environment and how they resonate with democratic values. Finally, we contribute to theorising on strategic narratives by highlighting that the choice of strategy will influence states in their formation of strategic narratives. We thus further theorising on strategic narratives by highlighting the link between strategies and narratives, thus identifying one central dynamic in how narratives are formed.

  • 155.
    Hellman, Maria
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    New media and the war in Afghanistan: The significance of blogging for the Swedish strategic narrative2015Inngår i: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 6-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The new media situation gives fuel to increased competition between narratives. In the sphere of security this poses challenges to government strategic narratives. Scholars, drawing on findings from the Anglo-Saxon sphere, suggest that the new media activism gives rise to counter-hegemonic narratives that thrive on and through social media sites. We argue that the emergence of counter-narratives in the sphere of security depends upon a few key dynamics that might vary with political context such  as political culture, the size of the blogosphere, the debate in mainstream media and socialization processes within the military   organization. Our case study of Swedish blogging about Sweden’s military contribution to the International Security Assistance Force mission in Afghanistan suggests that blogs are mainly used to sustain – and not to challenge – the governmental narrative. This invites us to question the significance of new media platforms as counter-hegemonic forces in communities beyond the Anglo-Saxon sphere.

  • 156.
    Herén, Johnny
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Centraliserad auktoritet: En fallstudie av MSB:s relation till den svenska regeringen och WHO under ebolainsatsen 20142015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The WHO regional office in Africa reported the first outbreak of ebola in 2014 March 23rd. Since then 25 178 cases has been reported from five countries in Western Africa as well as from US and Spain which has led to 10 445 casualties (WHO, 2015b). In Sweden, the Swedish Contingencies Agency was assigned SEK100 million from the government to contribute to the international response to stop the outbreak.

    The aim of this master thesis is to clarify the relation between the Swedish government, Swedish contingencies agencies, and WHO (World Food Programme) in relation to the ebola outbreak in Weston Africa 2014 based on a thematic approach and a modified theory from May et al. (2008) about centralized authority.

    The main theory in this essay is May et al (2008) theory regarding delegated to centralized authority, which is supplemented by an explaining process-tracing. The theory is developed to contain four different themes; centralized authority, leadership & strategy, operative organization, and other organization.

    The conclusion from the study is three; (1) an agency can receive signals from different directions that could effect the experience of centralized authority, (2) the concepts of the theory has a more dynamic than linear connection and (3), the only direct consequence of an organization that has been exposed to a potential centralized authority is agenda instability. 

  • 157.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhetspolitik och strategi.
    Civil Association Across Borders: Law, Morality and Responsibility in the Post-Brexit Era2018Inngår i: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 299-313Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Michael Oakeshott’s distinction between ‘civil association’ and ‘enterprise association’ has inspired international society theorists to conceive of international society as not just a ‘purposive association’ constructed by states to satisfy their interests but also as a ‘practical association’ providing formal and pragmatic rules that are not instrumental to particular goals of state policy. While this article is supportive of the Oakeshottian turn in international society theory, it suggests that somewhat different conclusions can be drawn from it. The article sketches out an alternative conception of international ‘civil association’, one that transcends the boundaries of communities. It is argued that such a notion of civil association is both possible and at the same time anchored in the experiences of the modern state. It is suggested that this notion of international civil association, when sustained by an adequate legal conception, promotes the enforcement of moral and political responsibility across borders. Finally, it is argued that European governments post-Brexit should strive to retain, as much as possible, the element of civil association present in European relations in order to preserve the civil condition, the rule of law, and in order to enhance political responsibility across borders.

  • 158.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Equality in International Society: A Reappraisal2014Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The author re-examines the concept of equality in international society, past and present. The conventional view that equality of states necessarily flows from sovereignty, that it is a corollary to sovereignty or simply a synonym, is considered a contingent rather than a necessary contention. The main argument is that equality in global international society should be theorised anew, restoring the normative strength of the principle. It is shown how concepts of equality make intelligible different normative and ethical conceptions of the modern political space in the past. Drawing on the works of such diverse theorists as Hans Kelsen, Peter Singer, John Rawls and Michael Oakeshott, the author suggests how a renewed interest in equality contributes to making international society a more inclusive, egalitarian, and credible moral and political association.

  • 159.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhet.
    Förändrad amerikansk syn på krig och krigstillstånd sedan 2001: utrikes- och säkerhetspolitiska konsekvenser2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 160.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Humanitarian Intervention and Moral Responsibility2015Inngår i: De Ethica: A Journal of Philosophical, Theological and Applied Ethics, ISSN 2001-8819, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 19-34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates the moral aspects of humanitarian intervention. Humanitarian intervention involves the balancing of at least three sometimes contradictory principles - the autnonomy of states, the prohibition of war and the reduction of harm and human suffering - and hence requires not merely a legal and political approach to the matter but renders a moral viewpoint necessary.  It is argued that P.F. Strawson's concept Moral Reactive Attitudes (MRA) contributes to analysing the moral dilemmas and priorities involved. First, MRA underlines the moral aspects of international society that are essential for dealing with the moral conflict inherent in international society. Secondly, MRA helps to balance between competing claims of justification and legitimacy in cases of humanitarian intervention.

  • 161.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Metod: Vetenskaplig metod och forskarens frihet2016Inngår i: Att forska: Praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen / [ed] Linus Hagström, Niklas Bremberg, Arita Holmberg, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016, s. 143-163Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 162.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    "Om Brexit?" eller "Om inte Brexit?": Konsekvenser för transatlantisk säkerhet2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point for this analysis is that there is no ’business as usual’ when considering the consequences of the Brexit referendum: there is either the question ’if Brexit?’ or the question ’if-not Brexit?’ because there is no turning around or comfortable retreat to established positions. Starting with an analysis of the British debate this ‘policy-brief paper’ looks at the consequences of the Brexit referendum for transatlantic security relations and in particular the consequences for Sweden. The most important arguments are, in brief: (1) That the value conflict inherent in the British debate, essentially between Eurosceptic nationalism and pro-EU integrationism, is mirrored in several European nations and remains a challenge to the EU; (2) that while Britain remains a European power regardless of the outcome of the referendum, the British geo-political outlook is differs from that of other European nations and will have to be taken into account when considering transatlantic security relations; (3) that NATO is likely to be even more important if Britain leaves the EU but that a strengthening of NATO’s European pillar is likely regardless of the outcome of the referendum, among other things because of US demands on European nations to improve their military capacity; (4) that Sweden in the case of Brexit is likely to lose influence over the development of European security cooperation in general but might nevertheless be able to gain in influence mainly as a result of Sweden’s geo-strategic position.

  • 163.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Political Decay and Political Arcadianism2018Inngår i: De Ethica, ISSN 1854-3405, E-ISSN 2001-8819, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 37-50Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An account of evil in classical political theory is the concept of evil government. The notion of political decay from good to evil government or to anarchy, the absence of government, among classical political theorists represents both a moral and a political problem. This essay argues that political decay remains a perennial problem because the political condition itself involves the seeds to its own destruction. Moreover, it is claimed that the nostalgic longing to a glorious past for nations or peoples risks turning into what is here labelled ‘political arcadianism’, fostering futile attempts to return to past conditions. The argument is that political arcadianism when focusing on the imagined past rather than the present is a possible cause of political decay.

  • 164.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    State Civil Disobedience and International Society2017Inngår i: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 330-344Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the concept of State Civil Disobedience (SCD) in the context of international society. It is argued that SCD is problematic for several reasons. First, that SCD is extremely difficult to practice in an association such as international society, relying, as it does, a great deal on the policies and powers of a few dominating actors; second, that the unequal status of states makes SCD mainly an instrument of the strong, hence undermining not only the idea of civil disobedience as the strategy of the weak but also questioning the role of SCD within an international society based on the formal equality of states. It is concluded that the practice of SCD in international society requires an invigoration of international society as a moral association. A more practical alternative, it is argued, is to conceive of a limited concept of SCD confined largely to non-violent means and preferably practiced in order to resist legal anomalies.

  • 165.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    The Poverty of Exceptionalism in International Theory2014Inngår i: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 10, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is about the politics of ‘the exception’ and the role of ‘exceptionalism’ in contemporary international theory. The concept of ‘the exception’ was coined by Carl Schmitt and has in recent years become an inspiration for international relations theorists and foreign policy analysts, especially when engaging with issues such as great power politics, humanitarian intervention and the war against terrorism. It is concluded that attempts to apply Schmitt’s concept of ‘the exception’ seldom are persuasive and sometimes even contradictory to Schmitt’s theory. When dealt with out of context, ‘the exception’ becomes just an expression about something else. It is shown that there are other ways of handling the kind of political problem observed by Schmitt than what he and his followers are offering.

  • 166.
    Hollis, Simon
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Localized Development Gaps in Global Governance: The Case of Disaster Risk Reduction in Oceania2017Inngår i: Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, ISSN 1075-2846, E-ISSN 1942-6720, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 121-139Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Global framework agreements on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) aim to reduce the vulnerability of states from the effects of natural hazards and guide international development strategies. The effects of these agreements have surely saved lives and buffered shocks to economic systems. Yet, there remains a gap between global aims and envisioned outcomes in local communities. This paper argues that cultural determinants of risk, which shape the reception and translation of ideas on DRR, must be taken seriously if international organizations wish to enhance their efficacy and reduce vulnerability. Elucidating the importance indigenous practices of resilience, time and governance have for the global diffusion of DRR can help to reduce this gap and encourage more effective development policy in the future.

  • 167.
    Hollis, Simon
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    National participation in EU civil protection2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The devastating impact and trauma that cataclysmic events cause in an interdependent and globalized society set the backdrop of increasing civil protection cooperation in the European Union. In order to prevent and respond to future natural and manmade crises a number of initiatives have emerged such as sophisticated early-warning response systems to prevent the spread of communicable diseases, and a Monitoring and Information Centre to warn and facilitate national responses on major crises. These mechanisms have been used in several crises ranging from the Prestige tanker oil spill in 2002 to the Haiti earthquake in 2010. Key to a successful EU performance has been an active and efficient participation of EU member states.So far research has mainly paid attention to the functioning of the Brussels based organs. This fifth report from the European Societal Security Research Group (ESSRG) complements this focus with an in-depth study on the participation of member states in the EU Community Mechanism for Civil Protection. It gives an overview of variations in national engagement and investigates the ways the Union is strengthening participation through programmes for training, exercises and exchanges of experts. This report will be highly useful for practitioners who wish to obtain an overall vision of the current status of civil protection cooperation and encourages further and much needed research for scholars on European security, integration and crisis management.

  • 168.
    Hollis, Simon
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    The global standardization of regional disaster risk management2014Inngår i: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, ISSN 0955-7571, E-ISSN 1474-449X, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 319-338Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Natural disasters have become a heightened security issue in the last decade. Mitigating and responding to disasters, such as the 2004 tsunami in Southeast Asia and the 2011 earthquake in Japan, reflect a new security agenda that has spread across the globe and infiltrated most regional organizations. At first glance, the creation of regional programmes on disaster risk management (DRM) appears to be driven by the functional preferences of states. However, a comparison of ten regional organizations reveals some curious ambiguities. Despite different threat perceptions, financial budgets and geographical environments of regional organizations, a majority of states have formed DRM programmes that exhibit highly standardized features in terms of language, the referent points of protection and the apparent motivations for cooperation. World society theory is used to explain these striking similarities with reference to the global cultural system. This article also illustrates the analytical purchase of world society theory in understanding cooperation through regional organizations.

  • 169.
    Hollis, Simon
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Country Study: Norway2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Norwegian state has a long-standing tradition of protecting its citizens from a range of threats from natural disasters, infectious diseases, industrial accidents, critical infrastructure failure, to terrorist attacks. This case study provides a broad and detailed description on the main features of the modern Norwegian civil security system. It explains how it functions, it describes the system’s political and cultural context, and it addresses the changes that have occurred since the Oslo bombing and the Utøya shootings in 2011 July 22. The coordination of human and material resources to prevent, prepare, respond to, and recover from, various crises is constructed along three guiding principles of responsibility, decentralization, and conformity. This not only means that responsibility for crisis management should be at the lowest possible level, but that the state and its society must also operate under normal standards, regardless of the type or extent of a particular crisis. As this study shows, most areas of the civil security system are infused with these defining principles. This can be seen, for example, in the discussion on the cultural elements that inform Norwegian society, the production of legislation, or in operational procedures used in responding to crises. In addition to these areas, this study also provides detailed descriptions on Norway’s administrative and legal traditions, its external cooperative endeavours, as well as the way in which the private sector and citizens interact with civil security system. In order to further understand the system, this study investigates three quality measures based on the extent to which the system is effective, efficient, and legitimate. An annex is also included that depicts the principal descriptive features of the study, as well as a case study on the H1N1 virus. Set within the dark shadows of the events that took place on July 22 – that could have been avoided through existing security measures according to Norwegian state authorities – this study concludes by highlighting the need for an increase in vigilance and efficiency of the Norwegian civil security system.

  • 170.
    Hollis, Simon
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Regional Organization Study: Barents Euro-Arctic Region2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study provides a comprehensive description of cooperation in the Barents Euro Arctic Region (BEAR). Regional cooperation in this area includes two inter-related organizations. The first is the Barents Euro-Arctic Regional Council (BEAC), which is as an intergovernmental forum that consists of Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland, and the Russian Federation. The second is the Barents Regional Council (BRC), which is an interregional forum that consists of 13 counties or provinces from northern Norway, Sweden and Finland and northwestern Russia. In the last 20 years this unique institutional framework has expanded to include cooperation not only on economic and social development, but also in the area of civil security. Building on and complementing existing cooperative endeavours in the field – such as cooperation in maritime and aeronautical search and rescue, existing bilateral agreements on emergency cooperation, and the 1986 Convention on Assistance in Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency – the members of the BEAC and the BRC institutionalized emergency management cooperation in 2008. This includes inter alia notification of emergencies, the establishment of a joint manual, simulation exercises, the exchange of personal, and training. While still young, this form of cooperation shows much promise in an increasingly important region of the world. This study describes civil security cooperation within the BEAR. In particular, it provides an overview of the regional organizations’ cultural, legal and institutional design and it describes the relationships between BEAR and its member states, citizens and stakeholder. The final section of this article also assesses the current state of play by analyzing the effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy of BEAR in relation to its civil security activities.

  • 171.
    Hollis, Simon
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Regional Organization Study: Council of the Baltic Sea States2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the current state of play and historical context of intergovernmental cooperation through the Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS) and its engagement with civil security. It addresses the organizational, institutional, and cultural frameworks of the CBSS, as well as the international context within which it is embedded. This provides an important backdrop for describing the civil security system, which the CBSS has fostered for over 20 years. Beginning with the establishment of an expert group on nuclear and radiological safety in 1992, the CBSS now participates in a wide range of cooperative endeavours, such as information exchange on forest firefighting and environmental pollution. This study also assesses CBSS civil security along three indicators that highlight the extent to which the system is effective, efficient and legitimate. It is argued that the CBSS is a regional organization that finds its strength as a platform for facilitating and encouraging cooperation on civil security; however, its actual capacity as an actor in civil security area remains low.

  • 172.
    Holmberg, Arita
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    A demilitarization process under challenge: The example of Sweden2015Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 1-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decades, the process of militarization that characterized Sweden after the Second World War has been replaced by a process of demilitarization. With the debates following the war in Georgia 2008 and the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014, this process of demilitarization appears under challenge. This raises questions about the nature of these processes and the problems facing the attempts at turning them around. The article introduces a framework for analysing the influence of the military upon politics and society in the twenty-first-century European context with the aim of better understanding the various traits, their interconnections and relation to broader trends in Europe and the West. The analysis shows that traits of demilitarization are still dominating in Sweden, although some indications of remilitarization can be found.

  • 173.
    Holmberg, Arita
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Relations among state and non-state actors and the prospects for security governance: The case of the implementation of UN Security Council resolution 13252011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Security studies have only recently begun to analyze the complexities of managing the so-called new wars. This paper focuses upon the challenge of establishing inter-institutional interaction among different types of actors; civilian and military, state and non-state, involved in security governance aimed at managing new wars. The United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 is chosen as anempirical focal point for the analysis. The relationships among the actors engaged in implementing the resolution are often highly asymmetric in character. How do they view inter-institutional interaction? Are there differences in the prospects for interaction with regard to the two dimensions of the resolution; protection and participation of women and girls?  Drawing on new institutionalist theory a framework for analyzing how different types of actors view interaction with each other are presented.

  • 174.
    Holmberg, Arita
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Sverige och europeiseringen av försvarspolitiken2010Inngår i: Svensk säkerhetspolitik i Europa och världen / [ed] Kjell Engelbrekt och Jan Ångström, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2010, 1, s. 131-146Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 175.
    Holmberg, Arita
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Swedish Security Strategy in the Twenty-first Century: What Role for Human Security?2012Inngår i: National, European and Human Security : From Co-existence to Convergence / [ed] Mary Kaldor, Mary Martin, Nancis Serra, London: Routledge, 2012, 1, s. 110-129Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 176.
    Holmberg, Arita
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    The Changing Role of NATO: Exploring the Implications for Security Governance and Legitimacy2011Inngår i: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 529-546Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 177.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhet.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    How Pressure for Change Challenge Military Organizational Characteristics2019Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article elaborates on how structural, normative and functional pressures for change may challenge military organizational characteristics. We problematize theoretically and exemplify empirically what consequences these pressures can have on military organizational characteristics, arguing that they constitute major challenges for managing in particular normative pressures for change. The empirical examples suggest that bureaucratic, hierarchical, narcissistic and greedy traits of the organization are challenged by normative pressures such as value changes and normalization. Another source of challenge is professionalization processes. Structural challenges, on the other hand, are managed by the organization and do not seem to inhibit the workings of organizational characteristics. The plausibility probe conducted questions the sustainability of military organizational characteristics in their traditional disguise, in particular due to legitimacy concerns. It is suggested that future research should be directed towards analyzing how military organizations manage pressure for change and whether their characteristics are questioned.

  • 178.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Britz, Malena
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS).
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS).
    European Union Defence Issues and Policy2010Inngår i: European Union Encyclopedia and Directory 2011, Routledge, 2010, 11Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 179.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Britz, Malena
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS).
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS).
    European Union Defence Issues and Policy2011Inngår i: European Union Encyclopedia and Directory 2012, London: Routledge , 2011, 12Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 180.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Avslutning: om och till Jan Hallenberg2016Inngår i: Att forska: praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016, s. 292-296Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 181.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Conceptual Framework2017Inngår i: The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, s. 19-30Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 182.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Conclusions2017Inngår i: The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg & Jan Hallenberg, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, s. 182-195Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 183.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Introduction2017Inngår i: The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation / [ed] Arita Holmberg och Jan Hallenberg, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, s. 1-18Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 184.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hallenberg, JanFörsvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    The Swedish Presence in Afghanistan: Security and Defence Transformation2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 185.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Developments in Civil-Military Relations: The Swedish Armed Forces Managing Legitimacy in a Post-Materialist Society2018Inngår i: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 8, nr 1, artikkel-id 1027593Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The functional and societal imperatives, considered to capture the status of civil-military relations, are developing in a complex process. In this article, we argue that the military institution is faced with developing, and in some cases new, political and social legitimacy demands, the consequences of which have not been sufficiently addressed in the literature. Sweden, considered highly post-materialist, is used as an empirical example since not only the social, but also the functional imperative have changed - the latter following the Russian occupation of Crimea. The authors analyze inductively what legitimacy demands the military institution identifies, and how it attempts to manage them. Three areas are found to be of importance : the ability to adapt to norms regarding public administration (including norms affecting effectiveness and values), managing diminished power over capabilities, and understanding how to be socially attractive. It is suggested that future research direct more attention at the challenges posed to civil-military relations by the post-materialist society, and the potentially contradictory legitimacy demands that follow from developments within the functional and societal spheres.

  • 186.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Vreiler, Aron
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Alerius, Alexandra
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Den transatlantiska länken i förändring: Mot ett ökat europeiskt ansvarstagande?2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 187.
    Jansson, Mathilda
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Kommunikation för Offentliga Organisationer: Svenska polisens förtroende och legitimitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en fallstudie om svenska polisens kommunikation under och efter reformen som implementerades 1 januari 2015. Området som avhandlas är legitimitet och förtroende i relation till kommunikationsprocesser för organisationer inom den offentliga sektorn. Organisatoriska förändringar inom den offentliga sektorn sker kontinuerligt och påverkar samhället mer eller mindre drastiskt. Forskning visar att sättet dessa förändringar kommuniceras påverkar förutsättningar för förtroende samt legitim maktutövning. Ändå har kommunikationen i fallet med reformen inom Polismyndigheten präglats av intern splittring och icke konsekventa budskap vilket studier visar påverkar förutsättningar för förtroende negativt.

    För att komma åt polisens kommunikation har forskning om kommunikativa strategier samt rättfärdigande använts. Forskningen i studien cirkulerar kring kommunikativa strategier, ryktes-hantering, new public management samt uppsatsens använda teori för analysen Orders of worth som handlar om rationalitetsprinciper och rättfärdigande. Vilka principer och värden som betonas spelar en avgörande roll för polisens kommunikation och dess utfall.

    Fallstudien genomfördes via en kvalitativ textanalys av Polisförbundets ordförande Lena Nitz uttalanden och pressmeddelanden samt polisens kommunikationspolicy. Regeringens styr- och policydokument för polisen har använts som referenspunkt för kommunikationen och polisens mandat. Intervjuer med Lena Nitz samt politisk sakkunnig Johan Moström har bidragit till studien i form av kontext och förtydliganden.

    Resultatet av analysen visar hur polisen använder sig av flera olika kommunikativa strategier och principer vid sitt rättfärdigande. Kommunikationen går därmed att sammanfatta som icke-konsekvent och föränderlig. Mest framträdande är skillnaden från rättfärdigande i linje med det allmänt bästa till ett större fokus på rättfärdigande i linje med ryktes- och identitetshantering. Den röda tråden genom kommunikationen visar sig dock vara ett fokus på rättfärdigande genom de civilas princip (det allmänt bästa) vilket enligt använd teori skapar förutsättningar för förtroendeskapande samt legitim maktutövning.

  • 188.
    Kvist, Viktor
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Små och stora stater i Arktis: En jämförande ide- och ideologianalys av de nationella strategierna för Arktis2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 189.
    Larsson, Lisa
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Liberty and Leviathan: surveillance in the United States after 9-11 and the emergence of a Hobbesian social contract2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 190.
    Lundborg, Tom
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    The Ethics of Neorealism: Waltz and the Time of International Life2019Inngår i: European Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1354-0661, E-ISSN 1460-3713, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 229-249Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the question of what it means to think of a distinctly international ethics by developing a radical reinterpretation of Waltzian neorealism from a Derridean deconstructive perspective. The core argument of the article is that Derridean deconstruction effectively explains why there is an ethics of neorealism in the first place, and why this ethics cannot be easily overcome. Underpinning this argument is a notion in Derrida’s philosophy of survival as an unconditional affirmation of life, which finds an equivalent in Waltz’s theory of international life in the anarchic system. On this basis, I claim that Waltz’s theory is ethical, not despite its focus on the structural conditions of survival, but precisely because of it. Moreover, the article shows how this notion of ethics renders universal ethical ideals, beyond relations of violence, not only impossible, but undesirable. They are undesirable because to actually fulfil them would be to undermine the conditions that make international life possible in the first place. In this way, various attempts to theorize the meaning and implications of international ethics that hold on to the notion of ethical ideals beyond relations of violence become untenable. Instead of aspiring towards such ideals, the article concludes, international ethics should be thought of as an unconditional affirmation of the incalculable future that structures international life and inevitably exposes it to the worst forms of destruction, but also enables the making of responsible decisions.

  • 191.
    Lundborg, Tom
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen. Utrikespolitiska institutet, Stockholm, Sweden..
    The Virtualization of Security: Philosophies of Capture and Resistance in Baudrillard, Agamben and Deleuze2016Inngår i: Security Dialogue, ISSN 0967-0106, E-ISSN 1460-3640, Vol. 47, nr 3, s. 255-270Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The virtual has during the last couple of decades emerged as a forceful conceptual tool in security studies. While used primarily in order to question assumptions about an objective truth concerning the meaning and value of security and different forms of insecurity, the implications of drawing on this concept vary considerably depending on how the virtual is conceptualized, and specifically how the potentiality of the virtual is linked to the process of actualization. Turning to the philosophies of Baudrillard, Agamben and Deleuze, as well as key thinkers in contemporary security studies, this article delineates three different approaches to analysing the virtualization of security. Focusing in particular on how these approaches point to contending views of ‘capture’ and ‘resistance’, it is argued that the choice of approach has serious implications for grasping what is at stake politically in the process of virtualization. These implications relate, more precisely, to how the virtual opens up and/or closes down the spaces of resistance that the modern subject of security traditionally has relied upon. In this way, the virtualization of security is not only important for thinking about capture and resistance, but challenges the very ground on which the modern subject of security rests.

  • 192.
    Lundborg, Tom
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Time2016Inngår i: Critical imaginations in international relations / [ed] Ní Mhurchú, Aoileann; Shindo, Reiko, London: Routledge, 2016, s. 262-276Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The discipline of international relations (IR) is traditionally concerned with the spatial dimension of politics and the territorial borders of states. This chapter focuses on a point for thinking about time and IR: the relationship between time and space. It considers the work that history does as a technique and a practice of inscribing borders in time', which are used in order to separate the past from the present and the future. The chapter explores some recent attempts to explore what these other experiences of time might refer to and how they manifest themselves in contemporary world politics. Assumptions of time play a crucial role in IR not least because they help constitute ideas about the temporality of international politics and the temporal direction in which interstate relations are heading. One prominent example of how to think the political significance of time beyond the limits of IR is James Der Derian's book Antidiplomacy.

  • 193.
    Lundborg, Tom
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen. Univ Stockholm, Sweden.
    Vaughan-Williams, Nick
    Univ Warwick, England.
    New Materialisms, Discourse Analysis, and International Relations: A Radical Intertextual Approach2015Inngår i: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 3-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the recent ‘New Materialisms’ turn in social and political thought and asks what the potential theoretical and methodological significance might be for the study of International Relations (IR). To do so we return to debates about the theoretical status of discourse in IR as it is in this context that the question of materiality – particularly as it relates to language – has featured prominently in recent years. While the concept of discourse is increasingly narrow in IR, the ‘New Materialisms’ literature emphasises the political force of materiality beyond language and representation. However, a move to reprioritise the politics of materiality over that of language and representation is equally problematic since it perpetuates rather than challenges the notion of a prior distinction between language and materiality. In response, we draw on earlier poststructural thought in order to displace this dichotomy and articulate an extended understanding of what analysing ‘discourse’ might mean in the study of IR.

  • 194.
    Newlove-Eriksson, Lindy
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för krishantering och internationell samverkan. KTH, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Giacomellob, Giampiero
    University of Bologna, Italy.
    Eriksson, Johan
    Södertörns University, Sweden.
    The Invisible Hand?: Critical Information Infrastructures, Commercialisation and National Security2018Inngår i: The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 0393-2729, E-ISSN 1751-9721, Vol. 53, nr 2, s. 124-140Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Corporatisation of critical information infrastructure (CII) is rooted in the ‘privatisation wave’ of the 1980s-90s, when the ground was laid for outsourcing public utilities. Despite well-known risks relating to reliability, resilience, and accountability, commitment to efficiency imperatives have driven governments to outsource key public services and infrastructures. A recent illustrative case with enormous implications is the 2017 Swedish ICT scandal, where outsourcing of CII caused major security breaches. With the transfer of the Swedish Transport Agency’s ICT system to IBM and subcontractors, classified data and protected identities were made accessible to non-vetted foreign private employees – sensitive data could thus now be in anyone’s hands. This case clearly demonstrates accountability gaps that can arise in public-private governance of CII.

  • 195.
    Nygren, Bertil
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Normative and Ideological Frictions between Russia and Europe: issues of Security, Economic Integration, Democracy and Human Rights2009Inngår i: A Resurgent Russia and the West: the European Union, NATO and Beyond / [ed] Roger E. Kanet, Hague: Dordrecht , 2009, s. 113-134Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 196.
    Nygren, Bertil
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Putin's attempt to subjugate Georgia: from sabre-rattling to the power of the purse2007Inngår i: Russia: Re-emerging Great Power / [ed] Roger E. Kanet, ndmills, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, s. 107-123Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 197.
    Nygren, Bertil
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Putin’s Use of Natural Gas to Reintegrate the CIS region2008Inngår i: Problems of Post-Communism, ISSN 1075-8216, E-ISSN 1557-783X, Vol. 55, nr 4, s. 3-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 198.
    Nygren, Bertil
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Russia and Georgia: from confrontation to war. what is next?2010Inngår i: Russian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century / [ed] Roger E. Kanet, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, s. 101-120Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 199.
    Nygren, Bertil
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Russia in the CIS Region: The Russian Regional Security Complex2010Inngår i: Key Players and Regional Dynamics in Eurasia: the return of the 'great game' / [ed] Maria Raquel Freire och Roger E. Kanet, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, s. 13-28Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 200.
    Nygren, Bertil
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Russia on our minds: Russian security policy and Northern Europe2009Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
12345 151 - 200 of 236
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