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  • 151.
    Iko, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies.
    Den okända transittrafiken: Tysk SS-bataljon korsade Sverige2015In: Militär Historia, ISSN 2000-3471, no 11, p. 18-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I oktober 1940, åtta månader före transiteringen av division Engelbrecht som höll på att skapa en regeringskris, tilläts närmare tusen tyska soldater att med järnväg transporteras från Luleå till Riksgränsen (Narvik). Det tyska förbandet tillhörde Waffen-SS och fortsatte sedan till Kirkenes i Nordnorge.

  • 152.
    Iko, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Fiat G.50 genom Sverige2015In: Svensk flyghistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9837, no 2, p. 44-46Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Av de nära 200 flygplan som för finsk räkning monterades eller mellanlandade i Sverige under vinterkriget, var 35 stycken italienska Fiat G.50. Efter att regeringen kringgått exportförbudet av krigsmateriel, monterades dessa flygplan av ABA i Malmö, SAAB i Trollhättan och Götaverken i Göteborg. De innebar också en unik möjlighet för piloter ur svenska flygvapnet att provflyga ett modernt jaktplan.

  • 153.
    Iko, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    From non-alignment into alliance: Sweden’s unofficial participation in the United Nations Command2012In: Past through Present: Thoughts on Military History at the Strategic, Operational and Tactical Levels of War / [ed] Raugh, Harold E., Wien, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Iko, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Not Neutral, But Rather Close to War: Sweden in the 19th Century2014In: Nations at War: Why do Nations Participate in Wars, and Why Not?: 13th Annual Conference of the PfPC Conflict Studies Working Group / [ed] Dr. Harold E. Raugh, Jr.; Dr. Jordan Baev, Sofia: G.S. Rakovski National Defense Academy , 2014, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Iko, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Slaget vid Helsingborg den 28 februari 1710: Bilden av slaget: när – var – hur?2011In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2009-2010, p. 107-118Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 156.
    Iko, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Sveriges hemliga hjälp till Finland2015In: Militär Historia, ISSN 2000-3471, no 4, p. 30-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nära 200 flygplan för finsk räkning monterades eller mellanlandade i Sverige under vinterkriget. Operationerna skedde i hemlighet och innebar att den svenska regeringen kringgick exportförbudet för krigsmateriel.

  • 157.
    Johansson, Bertil
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorik Tidskrift 1982: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19821982Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Birgitta Genberg Härner, Soldaterna i Dalupproret, Ett bidrag till den indelte soldatens levnadsförhållanden under 1700-talet, 
    • Gunnar Artéus, The military leadership of Gustavus III, The Russo-Swedish war 1788-1790, The Swedish monarch, 
    • Knud J V Jespersen, Recovery from disaster, The reconstruction of the Danish army after the Dano-Prussian war of 1864, The state of Danish security after 1864, Impact on the military system, 
    • Don Schurman, Mahan revisited, Alfred Mahans works, Purpose, View and reality of the British, 
    • Leif Törnquist, Kvinnornas uppbåd 1914-1921, En samverkansorganisation I frivilligförsvarets tidigare år, kvinnorna och samhället, Uppbådet, Ändamål och uppgifter, Verksamheten, De ledande kvinnorna, 
    • Arvid Cronenberg, Neutralitetsvakt eller självständighetsförsvar?, Till frågan om de säkerhetspolitiska och strategiska föreställningar som knöts till 1925 års härordningsbeslut, Skulden?, Jämkningar, Riskprincipen, Det ryska hotet, Neutralitetsförsvar, NF, Säkerhetsvakt, 
    • Gerke Teitler, Some aspects of Dutch naval-strategic thinking 1945-1955, From the East-Indies to NATO, Army versus Navy, The russian threat, 
    • Ingegerd Bauder, Militarismen i Latinamerika, Landbeskrivning, Spanskt och portugisiskt välde, Frihetskrigen, Caudillos, Militarismen, Diktaturer, USAs roll
  • 158.
    Johansson, Bertil
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 1979: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19791979Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Mats Bergquist, Vad kan säkerhetspolitike(r)n lära av krigshistorien?, Varför började krigen, Krigens förlopp och varaktighet, Krigföring teknologi och logistik, Lokalisering, Faktorer, Konsekvenser, 
    • Jürgen Förster, Hitler´s war aims against the Sovjet Union and the German military leaders, The fixed intention to attack, The means end stratagem, Lebensraum, Partial identity of aims, 
    • Bo Huldt, The armed forces and decolonization, Some observations, The role of the metropolitan armed forces, International forces, Postcolonial development, 
  • 159.
    Johansson, Bertil
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 1980: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19801980Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Lars Tersmeden, Carl X Gustafs strategi i kriget mot Polen 1655, Det militärpolitiska läget, Livland-Litauen, Operation Preussen, Operation Kraków, 
    • Klaus-Richard Böhme, AB Aerotransport Junkers och flygvapnet, Carl Florman, Svenska lufttrafikaktiebolaget, Planerade och fungerade rutter, Junkers ekonomiska inflytande, Civila plan i krigstid, 
    • Hans Holmén, Teknisk triumf – strategiskt misslyckande, Historiska och skönlitterära framställningar om jakten på slagskeppet Bismarck den 18-27 maj 1941, Händelseförloppet, Historiska och strategiska utgångspunkter, Den tyska eskadern lokaliseras, Sänkningen av Hood, Roderskadan, Mot Frankrike,
    • John E Jessup, Genesis of involvement, The Vietnam model, 1873, Viet Mihn, Dien Bien Phu, The Republic of Vietnam, Diems death and the Kennedy assassination, 
  • 160.
    Johansson, Bertil
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 1981: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19811981Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Knud J V Jespersen, Det 16. århundredes militære revolution og det danske adelsrytteri, En sammenlignende analyse, Den militaære udvikling ved overgangen mellem middelalder og nyere tid, Rostjenesteorganisationen, Samfunds og magtstruktur, 
    • Göran Göransson, Speglar den indelte knektens förhållanden omvandlingen i 1800-talets svenska samhälle, Agrarsamhällets omvandling, Livkompaniet, Familjeförhållanden, Soldaten i samhället, 
    • Leif Stjerna, Utvecklingen av ubåtsvapen och ubåtskrigföring i Tyskland 1935-1939, Öppet men begränsat ubåtsbyggande, Överenskommelserna med England, Z-planen, Politisk militärteoretisk organisatorisk psykologisk utveckling, 
    • Sven Scheiderbauer, Uppbyggnaden av flyvapnets första radarsystem 1944-1953, Radarns historia, Tysk Engelsk Amerikansk utveckling, ER3, Spaningsradar, Konsekvenser, Motmedel, 
    • Jussi T Lappalainen, Varför led Röda Gardet i Finland nederlag, Trupper och försörjning, Organisation, Krigskonst, 
    • Gunnar Arteus, Ulf Olsson, Kerstin Strömberg-Back, The influence of the armed forces on the transformations of society in Sweden 1600-1945, State organization, Guns and small arms, Urbanization and social mobility, 
    • Olav Riste, Politics in the armed forces, A contemporary problem in historical perspective
  • 161.
    Johansson, Bertil
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 1983: Rapport från militärhistorisk konferens vid militärhögskolan i juni 19831983Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]
    • Participants at the conference, 
    • Manfred Messerschmidt, German staff officer’s education since the beginning the 19th century, Innovations and traditions, Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Allgemeine kriegsschule, Kriegsakademie, Helmut von Moltke, Reichswehr, Weltanschauung, 
    • Gunnar Artéus, The value of advanced theoretical education, Some observations concerning the training and selection of military elites in 20th century Sweden, The military colleges of Sweden, The data, Interpreting the statistics, 
    • Brian Bond, Educational changes at R.M.A. Sandhurst 1966-1982, The Howard-English report, An academic year, CAROT, 
    • Robin Higham, Education and technology, Some considerations of the background of U.S. commanders in World War II, No lost generation, Importance of engineering, 
    • Jussi T Lappalainen, Responses to the need for trained military staff in Finland 1918-1939, The military committee, White volunteers, Deployment, Plan for training, 
    • Donald M Schurman, The navy at the British royal united services institution 1890-1896,
    • Gerke Teitler, Colonial defence and the challenge of naval technology, The case of the Dutch submarine, In search of a naval policy, Closing the ranks, Submarines again, A most reluctant navy, 
    • Anders Berge, The Swedish navy in the inter-war period, Strategic thinking at the crossroads, The armoured ship, The Sweden class, Coast defence ships, Challenge from the Air Force, 
    • Brian Bond, The mechanization of the British army in the1930s, The impact of technical innovation on a conservative institution, 
    • Knud J V Jespersen, New technology versus conscription, Some reflections on trends in Danish army organization during the first twenty-five years of NATO membership, Army structure 1950-70, The restrictive budget, Technological modernization, Conscription, 
    • Robin Higham, Technology in American aviation, Patterns in innovation procurement and use, 
    • Klaus-Richard Böhme, The establishment of a new service, The experience of the Swedish air force, The defence resolution 1925, Carl Florman, Ny Militär Tidskrift, SAAB, Discussions, Sessions I to VI, 
  • 162.
    Lausevic, Vladan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Den svenska generalstaben som lärande organisation: kunskapsutvecklingen avseende strid om befästa ställningar under första världskriget2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this essay is to study the Swedish General Staff as a learning organisation during the period of 1914-1918 based on the theoretical work developed by the philosopher Bertil Rolf. Previous international research on the Prussian/German General Staff has shown that it is considered to be the first learning organisation in history. The Swedish General Staff was based on the German General Staff model and the focus of this study is to compare the development the tactics in Germany and Sweden regarding defence and attack in trench warfare. The questions are: How were the possibilities for gathering and analysing informa-tion affected by the war? Which conclusions were made for trench warfare in Swedish conditions? What experiences from the war and exercises in Swedish army were implemented in manuals and training?The conclusion of the study is that the Swedish General Staff was functioning as a learning organisation during the WWI through the ability to follow the international development, mainly in the Central Powers, and by modifying the experiences to the prevailing Swedish strategic and tactical conditions. During the war the German experiences, mainly from the eastern front, were used as a model combining movement and trench warfare. The main reasons were that the conditions on the western front with the concentration of artillery and troops were considered as an anomaly.The learning was created by processing the war experiences and experiences from the annual field exercises in several studies. One additional condition for the learning process was the demanding selection process for the employment of new General Staff officers, a process which meant that only a very small number of officers annually were appointed to general staff officers.

  • 163.
    Levihn, Viktor
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Olika glasögon för orsakerna till andra världskriget2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The causes of the Second World War are well analyzed and are described in several literatures. In this study two classical theories, realism and liberalism, are applied on the causes of war described in Stephan Van Everas book “Causes of War”. This essay aims to examine, if possible, which one of the above mentioned theories that best describes what caused the Second World War.

      Presentation of the problem: What are the causes of war from a realistic and liberal perspective, and how can the theories explain the causes of the Second World War?

    In order to answer these questions I use a qualitative text analysis. In the essay this method has two purposes. The first is to find out what realism and liberalism describes as causes of war. The second purpose is to find out, on basis of Stephen Van Everas “Causes of War”, what caused the wars during the Second World War.

      My conclusion is that states act on a basis of realism when they justify an act of war. This conclusion corresponds with former studies. However, there are also conclusions based on liberalism that describes causes of war between countries. These conclusions constitute collective security and failure of international agreements between states. According to the realist theory, the security of the state versus other states is a possible cause of war.

  • 164.
    Lindberg, Filippa
    Swedish Defence University.
    Motivation bland svenska officerare under finska kriget 1808–1809: En brevstudie om major Sten Sture2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 165.
    Lindgren, Tobias
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Stingereffekten: Stingerrobotens inverkan på det sovjetiska arméflygets taktik under Sovjet-Afghanistan kriget 2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att undersöka vilken inverkan Stinger hade på sovjetiska styrkors taktik och nyttjande av arméflygets helikoptrar i Afghanistan.

    Undersökningen har genomförts som en kvalitativ litteraturstudie. Sovjetiska styrkors och Mujahedins taktiker samt införandet av Stinger har studerats. Två forskningsfrågor har formulerats för att undersöka Sovjets och Mujahedins taktik under kriget; "Hur såg det sovjetiska arméflygets taktik ut vad beträffar nyttjande av helikoptrar innan respektive efter 1986 i Sovjet-Afghanistan kriget". Samt "Hur såg Mujahedins taktik ut innan respektive efter 1986 i Sovjet-Afghanistan kriget."

    För analys används de grundläggande förmågorna samt taktikanpassning och taktikutveckling som teoretiskt ramverk för att precisera skillnader i de taktiska förändringar som skedde under kriget. Taktiska förändringar i anslutning till införandet av Stinger har diskuterats för att möjligen se om vapnet legat till grund för dessa.

    Tre slutsatser har dragits av undersökningen: 1) Stinger kan ha krävt att det sovjetiska arméflyget avdelade mer resurser för planering och genomförande av operationer. 2) Stinger reducerade det sovjetiska arméflygets flygningar med helikoptrar under dagtid. 3) Stinger kan ha tvingat sovjetiska helikoptrar att flyga mycket lågt vid flygning i dagsljus.

  • 166.
    Maxwell, Rohan
    et al.
    NATO Headquarters Sarajevo.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Destination Nato: Defence Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2003-20132013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Defence reform has been a major component of Bosnia’s stabilisation and nation-building. Though true for many cases of post-conflict transition, it is especially so for Bosnia, which arguably has the most complex state structure in Europe. Ten years on from the start of Bosnia’s defence-reform process, Destination NATO records and reviews the Bosnian experience of defence reform. The monograph offers policy-makers, practitioners and academics knowledge of the specific case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and makes these insights relevant to defence-reform efforts in other contexts.

    The research is based on original sources and an extensive set of interviews and talks with key individuals including ambassadors, ministers and civil servants, and other senior national and international actors, in addition to discussions with several hundred politicians at local levels, students and NGO representatives. The authors also use their first-hand knowledge and insights to complement the documentation, interviews and discussions.

  • 167.
    Munck af Rosenschöld, Sten
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Totalförsvarets ledning under kalla kriget2014Book (Other academic)
  • 168.
    Murberg, Daniel
    Swedish Defence University.
    Manlighet i krigets fält: En studie av manlighet inom officerskåren under finska kriget 1808 – 18092017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 169.
    Neijman, Thomas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Fältmätningens samband med ”et förändrat Krigssätt”: Fältmätningskåren 1805-18112015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 170.
    Nilsonne, Carl
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ryssland i Svenska media under Georgienkrisen2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I have attempted to determine what image of Russia was expressed in the largest newspapers in Sweden (Aftonbladet, Expressen, Svenska Dagbladet och Dagens Nyheter), during the conflict in Georgia in the summer of 2008. Starting with the image presented by Sture Nilsson in Rysskräcken i Sverige – Fördomar och verklighet, I have constructed an ideal consisting of the terms hostility, fear, and mistrust. These factors have then been used to analyse the reports between 2008-08-08 – 2008-08-12, which was the armed part of the conflict. I have found that the factors composing the ideal have been expressed clearly, in editorials as well as in news articles, with the exception of some of the factors that define hostility. The term fear  has only been expressed unequivocally in the last day’s reports. Reports have shown little variation between the different newspapers, although the tabloid press (Aftonbladet and Expressen) have expressed these tendencies slightly stronger, and the volume of reports have been noticeably larger in Svenska Dagbladet and Dagens Nyheter.

  • 171.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Aligning the non-aligned: a re-interpretation of why and how Sweden was granted access to US military materiel in the early cold war, 1948–19522010In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 290-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes a new look at the crucial years in early post-war history, 1948–52, when Swedish-American security relations were established. By 1952 Sweden was firmly within the Western sphere and was considered a trusted ally in the fight against the Soviet Bloc. What had happened since 1948 that made the Swedish government go from almost pariah status to a trusted ally? Prior research has argued that this change was due to a dramatic reversal of US policy towards Sweden, and has even pointed to a very specific date for this policy change—namely February 1950. Washington, it has been said, at that time gave up its objective of getting Sweden to join the North Atlantic Treaty (NAT, which became NATO in 1951).In contrast, the article argues that it was not so much that the Americans changed their minds, as it was Sweden that gradually corrected its policy of neutrality to fit American hegemonic demands, specifically regarding its adherence to the CoCom trade embargo; a process that lasted longer than until February 1950. Moreover, it questions the assumption that getting Sweden to join the NAT was ever a US policy objective. There is simply no evidence to support it. It also makes the case for a reinterpretation of the Swedish-American security relations in the early cold war. The article places these events within the framework of hegemony theory, which in order to improve the understanding of this process.

  • 172.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Amber Nine: NATO's Secret Use of a Flight Path over Sweden and the Incorporation of Sweden in NATO's Infrastructure2009In: Journal of contemporary history, ISSN 0022-0094, E-ISSN 1461-7250, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 287-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All through the 1950s and 1960s NATO had secretly utilized a secret flight path, called Amber Nine, over the southwestern part of Sweden. The Swedish government condoned the frequent overflights, despite the fact that Sweden was at the time professing to follow a policy of neutrality in the power struggle between the two superpowers. This article argues that the frequent American use of Amber Nine should be viewed as a materialization of Sweden's consent to US hegemony, and that Amber Nine effectively made Swedish airspace and airports a part of NATO's infrastructure. It also makes the case that the arrangement contributed to the eradication of the credibility of Sweden's policy of neutrality, and that NATO's routine use of a flight path over Sweden, a non-NATO country, warrants a reinterpretation of Sweden's role in the Cold War on NATO's northern flank, as well as challenging the definition of the NATO alliance.

  • 173.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    KTH.
    Gud vare tack och lov så talade de inte om allt de gjorde: en källkritisk granskning av Neutralitetspolitikkommissionens betänkande2003Report (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Limiting Diplomatic Friction: Sweden, the United States and SKF's ball bearing exports to Eastern Europe, 1950-522009In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 57, no 3, p. 273-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the U.S. government’s efforts to curb the Swedish ball bearing producer SKF’s exports to the East early in the Cold War, 1950-1952, and interprets this process within the framework of hegemony theory. The period up to mid-1951 saw increasing U.S. pressure upon Sweden and SKF to consent to U.S. hegemony by abiding by the CoCom embargo. To achieve its objectives U.S. policymakers developed a flexible ‘’carrot and stick’’ approach, and the article adds considerable detail regarding the U.S. government’s handling of SKF. U.S. tolerance and flexibility was dependent upon Swedish consent to American hegemony in Western Europe, which was received through the signing of the Stockholm agreement in mid-June 1951, a hegemonic apparatus through which Sweden’s abidance by the embargo was handled. A small amount of exports was accepted by Washington as long as the main U.S. objective, to deny the Eastern Bloc strategic technology, was adhered to by SKF. The article also reveals the lack of policy coordination in the Swedish government, and the conflicts between the government and SKF regarding the responsibility for adhering to the embargo.

  • 175.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 2009-20102011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord

    Bidrag från Helsningborgskonferensen

    • Lars Ericson Wolke & Niels Bo Poulsen - Slaget vid Helsingborg – En Konferens
    • Michael Bergnsbo - Den store Nordiske Krig og det danske imperium 
    • Magnus Perlestam - Magnus Stenbocks reglemente – En granskning 
    • Lars Ericson Wolke - Mellan Poltava och Tönningen – Svenska operativa förutsättningar och resursmobiliseringen 1709–1713 
    • Björn Gäfvert - Helsingborg 1710 – De samtida kartorna över operationsområdet 
    • Kjeld Hald Galster - Forberedelse til krig – Dansk langtidsplanlægning med henblik på revanche mod Sverige 
    • Per Iko - Slaget vid Helsingborg den 28 februari 1710 Bilden av slaget: när – var – hur? 
    • Bo Knarrström - Examples from the dirt archive – Records of battlefield archaeology in Scania, Southern Sweden
    • Hanne Sanders - Helsingborg, lokalsamhället och de dansk-svenska krigen Skånelandskapen i krig och fred 
    • Jakob Seerup - Fra Kongelig Gunst til Professionel Merit – Søofficerersavancementer i 1700-tallet 
    • Kent Zetterberg - Slaget vid Helsingborg 1710 och Sveriges gradvisa övergång från stormakt till medelstor makt i Europa 
    • Lars Bangert Struwe - Nu eller aldrig – Dansk strategisk tankegang i 1700-tallet

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    • Piotr Wawrzeniuk - Fiende, allierad eller frände? Polska militära analyser av Finland under mellankrigstiden
    • Marco Wyss - A War-Profiteer or a Strategic Lightweight? Switzerland in American Aircraft Supply Priorities in the Emerging Cold War 
    • Hampus Östh Gustafsson - Friktionernas krig – Albrecht von Lantingshausen och landsättningen vid Lokalaks

    Recensioner

    • Michael H. Clemmesen. Den lange vej mod 9. april. Historien om de fyrre år för den tyske operation mod Norge og Danmark i 1940. anmälan av Lars Ericson Wolke
    • Jurgen Brauer och Hubert van Tuyll. Castles, Battles, & Bombs: How Economics Explains Military History. anmälan av Mikael Nilsson
    • Judith Butler. Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable?. anmälan av Mikael Nilsson

    Författare

  • 176.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Neutralitetspolitikens fiasko under kalla kriget2009In: Internationella studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 2, p. 60-66Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 177.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Science as propaganda: Swedish scientists and the co-production of American hegemony in Sweden during the cold war, 1953-682012In: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 275-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes a close look at how the United States used the funding of scientific research in Sweden as a hegemonic and propaganda tool in the 1950s and 1960s. It shows that non-aligned Sweden functioned just as much as a node in the international science network set up by the Americans after the Second World War as did the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries. These funds were awarded mainly to an elite network of prominent Swedish scientists. The article sheds interesting light on the controversies of such funding in Sweden during the cold war and adds important knowledge about Swedish-American relations during the cold war. The article argues that this Swedish scientific elite co-produced US hegemony in Sweden by actively seeking out American military funding and by making use of it. It also argues that US funding was intended to portray the United States as an altruistic patron of science in the world and thus serve American propagandistic purposes as well.

  • 178.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Kungl. Tekniska högskolan.
    Tools of Hegemony: military technology and Swedish-American security relations 1945-19622007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    et al.
    KTH.
    Stenlås, Niklas
    KTH.
    ColdWar Neutrality and Technological Dependence: Swedens's Military Technology and the East-West Trade2005In: East-West Trade and the Cold War / [ed] Jari Eloranta and Jari Ojala, Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä , 2005, p. 133-151Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 180.
    Norbäck, Sara
    Swedish Defence University.
    Bland beduiner och balubas - mötet med den andre i FN:s tjänst: En komparativ studie av svenska FN-bataljoner i Kongo och Gaza år 1961-1963 och deras respektive skildringar av lokalbefolkningen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 181.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    A History of Air Warfare2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Air Commanders2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Air Commanders combines short military biographies and operational analyses to reveal how the personalities, attitudes, and life experiences of twelve outstanding U.S. airmen shaped the central air campaigns in American history. From Gen. Carl “Tooey” Spaatz, who began his career in World War I, to the recently retired Gen. T. Michael “Buzz” Moseley, the case studies illuminate the character of these airmen, the challenges they confronted in widely disparate armed conflicts, and the solutions that they crafted and implemented. Their achievements proved decisive not only in the campaigns they led, but also in shaping the U.S. Air Force and the dominant role of airpower in modern warfare. Air Commanders will be of interest to both general readers and students of military history—particularly those who wish to explore the use and development of airpower as a national instrument of force. With contributions from leading military experts and historians, this book demonstrates how personal qualities and leadership styles translate into battlespace outcomes.

  • 183.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    European Air Power: Challenges and Opportunities2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft). Norwegian Defence University College.
    Global Air Power2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What influences have shaped air power since human flight became a reality more than a hundred years ago? Global Air Power provides insight into the evolution of air power theory and practice by examining the experience of six of the world’s largest air forces—those of the United Kingdom, the United States, Israel, Russia, India, and China—and of representative smaller air forces in Pacific Asia, Latin America, and continental Europe. The chapters, written by highly regarded scholars and military leaders, explore how various nations have integrated air power into their armed forces and how they have applied air power in both regular and irregular warfare and in peacetime operations. They cover the organizational, professional, and doctrinal issues that air forces confronted in the past, the lessons learned from victory and defeat, and emerging challenges and opportunities. Further, Global Air Powersupplements the traditional military perspective with examinations of the ideological, economic, and cultural factors that give air forces their distinctive characters. Chapters show how the interplay among these internal factors, together with external challenges, determines the structure, role, and effectiveness of air forces. Together, these chapters illuminate universal trends as well as similarities and differences among the world’s air forces. Its combination of military history and sociopolitical analysis makes Global Air Power especially valuable to a broad range of historians, air power specialists, and general readers interested in national defense and international relations.

  • 185.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    Norwegian Defence Command and Staff College, Oslo.
    John Warden and the Renaissance of American Air Power2007Book (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Gray, ColinUniversity of Reading, UK.
    The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Practice of Strategy focuses on grand strategy and military strategy as practiced over an extended period of time and under very different circumstances, from the campaigns of Alexander the Great to insurgencies and counter-insurgencies in present-day Afghanistan and Iraq. It presents strategy as it pertained not only to wars, campaigns, and battles, but also to times of peace that were over-shadowed by the threat of war. The book is intended to deepen understanding of the phenomena and logic of strategy by reconstructing the considerations and factors that shaped imperial and nation-state policies.

    Through historical case studies, the book sheds light on a fundamental question: is there a unity to all strategic experience? Adopting the working definition of strategy as 'the art of winning by purposely matching ends, ways and means,' these chapters deal with the intrinsic nature of war and strategy and the characteristics of a particular strategy in a given conflict. They show that a specific convergence of political objectives, operational schemes of manoeuvre, tactical moves and countermoves, technological innovations and limitations, geographic settings, transient emotions and more made each conflict studied unique. Yet, despite the extraordinary variety of the people, circumstances, and motives discussed in this book, there is a strong case for continuity in the application of strategy from the olden days to the present. 

    Together, these chapters reveal that grand strategy and military strategy have elements of continuity and change, art and science. They further suggest that the element of continuity lies in the essential nature of strategy and war, while the element of change lies in the character of individual strategies and wars.

  • 187.
    Olsen, John Andreas
    et al.
    Norwegian Defence University College.
    van Creveld, MartinHebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.
    The Evolution of Operational Art: From Napoleon to the Present2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Broadly defined as the grey area between strategy and tactics, operational art spans the theory and practice of planning and conducting campaigns and major operations aimed at accomplishing strategic and operational objectives in a given theatre of operations. An intermediate link between strategy and tactics has always existed, but a distinct concept that encompasses a systematic and deliberate plan of campaign for major operations is a mere two hundred years old. 

    Based on country specific case-studies, this book describes how the concepts that underpin operational art originated, how they received practical expression in various campaigns, and how they developed over time. The point of departure is the campaigns of 'the God of War', Napoleon Bonaparte. The book then proceeds with chapters on the evolution of operational art in Prussia / Germany, the Soviet Union / Russia, the United Kingdom, United States, Israel, and China. The final chapter deals with the future of operational art in irregular warfare. 

    Theory is critical to refining and improving existing methods of applying operational warfare, and its importance cannot be overstated; however, to be useful, theory and its accompanying vocabulary must be combined with a proper examination of historical trends and practical experience. The present volume attempts to achieve that combination.

  • 188.
    Paglia, Eric
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    The Telecoupled ArcticManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Palmstierna, Nils
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19671967Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Börje Furtenbachs författarskap, 
    • Thede Palm, Före slaget vid Hastings, Källor, Litteratur, Historien, 
    • Jonas Hedberg, Slaget vid Nowodwor, Carl X Gustaf, Gustaf Otto Stenbock, Källor, Litteratur, Händelseutvecklingen inför och under slaget, Segernamnet Nowodwor, 
    • Carl Herlitz, Några anteckningar rörande det svenska luftvärnet före 1928, Litteraturen under 10-talet, I utredningar och försvarsbeslut, Försök och övningar, 
    • Herman Müllern, Det tyska kustartilleriförsvaret i Norge 1940-1945, Utvecklingen år för år, Teorier och praktik, 
  • 190.
    Palmstierna, Nils
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Aktuellt och Historiskt: Meddelanden från militärhistoriska avdelningen vid kungl. militärhögskolan 19681968Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Arne Stade, Carl X Gustafs brev till drottning Hedvig Eleonora, 
    • Magnus Hammar, Etthundra år brittisk maritim strategi 1867-1967, Från Colomb till Wilson, det anti-imperialistiska imperiet, The blue water school, Mahans strategi, Första världskriget, Orolig mellanakt och det andra kriget, Samvälde i upplösning, 
    • Arvid Cronenberg, Värnpliktens vänner och lantmannapartiet, Föreningens organisation och utveckling, 
    • Thede Palm, Från borggårdskrisens tid, Några anteckningar av general J Åkerman, Karl Staaff, Gustav V, Axel Brusewitz, 
    • K J Mikola, Finlands försvarsmakt 50 år, Förutsättningarna för försvarsmaktens uppsättande, Frihetskriget, Arméns organisation, Täckgrupps och territorialorganisation, Under andra världskriget, Utveckling efter krigen, 
    • Gunnar Barke, ”De sejlede Vandet tyndt i Øresund”, Danmark 1940, Routerna mellan Danmark och Sverige, Illegala flyktvägar, Svenska myndigheter, Förhandlingspolitikens sammanbrott, Samarbete med svenska myndigheter, Finansiering, 
    • Börje Furtenbach, Historik över Sveriges militära beredskap 1939-1945, SUAV projektet, Försvarsstabens krigshistoriska avdelning
  • 191.
    Persson, Swen
    Swedish Defence University. Militärhistoriska avdelningen (MHA) Försvarsmakten.
    Militärhistorisk Tidskrift 1992/931992Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Jens Rydström, Tidens krav, Om militär professionalism i Sverige och Ryssland 1884-1914, Begreppets innebörd, Period I 1884-1891, Svenskt respektive ryskt perspektiv, II 1892-1900, De olika perspektiven, III 1901-1907, De olika perspektiven, IV 1908-1914, De olika perspektiven,
    • Gustaf Adolf Wollin, Svensk-fransk samverkan under sekler, Medeltid och stormaktstid, Ludvig XIV, Spanska Polska och Österrikiska tronföljdskriget,  Royal Suédois, Sjuåriga kriget 1756-63, Nordamerikanska frihetskriget, Västindien, Amerika.
    • Roger Kempainen, Luftvärnet i fredsorganisationen, Perioden 1928-1936, Perioden 1937-1948, Perioden 1949-1960, Perioden 1961-1970,
    • Peter Wretman, Luftvärnsrobot 68, Historisk återblick, Utredningar, Studier,
    • Göran Rosenblad, Svensk FN-trupp och folkrätten, Bakgrund, Utgångsvärden, Konfliktsituationer, Typfall, Utbildning och rekrytering, Pressdebatt

     

  • 192.
    Roberts, Peder
    et al.
    Division of History of Science, Technology and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology,Stockholm,Sweden.
    Paglia, Eric
    Division of History of Science, Technology and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology,Stockholm,Sweden.
    Science as national belonging: the construction of Svalbard as a Norwegian space2016In: Social Studies of Science, ISSN 0306-3127, E-ISSN 1460-3659, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 894-911Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how science has been employed to establish, maintain, and contest senses of belonging on Svalbard, an Arctic archipelago administered by Norway since 1925 under an international treaty. Our central argument is that the process of constructing Svalbard as a space belonging to Norway has long been intertwined with the processes of describing and representing the archipelago and that participating in those processes has also permitted other states to articulate their own narratives of belonging – on Svalbard in particular and in the Arctic more generally. We deploy the concept of belonging to capture a sense of legitimate presence and stakeholdership that we do not believe can be adequately captured by narrow concepts of sovereignty. Norway’s historic and current use of science validates (and even naturalizes) its rule over Svalbard. At the same time, other states use science on Svalbard to articulate geopolitical scripts that portray them as stakeholders in an Arctic that is of transregional relevance due to the effects of climate change.

  • 193.
    Roth, Thomas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Den svenska krigsmakten under kalla kriget: krigsplanläggning, förband och beredskap2014 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Rydeberg, Göran
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Thisner, FredrikSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.Åselius, GunnarSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 20072007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Hervé Coutau-Bégarie, Om svensk militärvetenskaplig forskning, En mödosam början, Utländska influenser, Institutionalisering av det militära tänkandet, ”La Belle Epoque”, Nutida tänkande
    • Ashok Nath, Martial Race Theory in the South Asian Context, Jat Sikhs induction as a martial race, Conclusion
    • Esbjörn Larsson, Karriärist eller hetsporre?, En studie av svenska officerare i utrikes krigstjänst under 1800-talets andra hälft, Krigserfarenhetens betydelse, Forna kadetter i utrikes tjänst, En språngbräda, Utrikes karriär, Äventyr
    • Kaj Björk, Jung och Vougt, Överbefälhavare och försvarminister, På kollisionskurs
    • Lars Ericson Wolke, Svenska militärhistoriska kommissionen under år 2007

    Recensioner

    • Williamson Murray and Richard Hart Sinnreich (red.), The Past as Prologue. The Importance of History to the Military Profession, anmälan av Lars Wedin och av Michael Hesselholt Clemmesen
    • Azar Gat, War in Human Civilization. anmälan av Lars Wedin
    • Rolf Hobson, Krig og strategisk tenkning i Europa 1500-1945, anmälan av Gunnar Åselius
    • Mirkka Lappalainen, Släkten - Makten - Staten. Familjen Creutz i 1600-talets Sverige, anmälan av Lars Ericson Wolke
    • Peter From, Katastrofen vid Poltava, anmälan av Lars Ericson Wolke
    • Christopher Collstedt, Duellanten och rättvisan. Duellbrott och synen på manlighet i stormaktstidens slutskede, anmälan av Göran Rydeberg
    • David Bell, The First Total War: Napoleon´s Europe and the Birth of Warfare as we Know it, anmälan av Gunnar Åselius
    • Martin Hårdstedt, Finska kriget 1808-1809, anmälan av Olof Santesson
    • Eva Helen Ulvros, Oscar I En biografi, anmälan av Göran Rydeberg
    • Dare Wilson, Tempting the Fates. A Memoir of Service in the Second World War, Palestine, Korea, Kenya and Aden, anmälan av Lars Wedin
    • Ted Morgan, My Battle of Algiers: A Memoir, anmälan av Urban Schöön
    • Peter Handberg, Undergångens skuggor, Missiler och Möten, anmälan av Fredrik Thisner
    • Robert Dalsjö, Life-Line Lost: The Rise and Fall of 'Neutral' Sweden's Secret Reserve Option of Wartime Help from the West, anmälan av Jerker Widen

    Författare

  • 195.
    Schylström, Nils
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Guilio Douhets luftmaktsteorier: En koppling till Slaget om Malta2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    År 1921 gav luftmaktsteoretikern Guilio Douhet ut sitt första verk; The Command of the Air. Douhets teorier skulle snart spridas över hela världen och han är idag en av de mest kända luftmaktsteoretikerna. I den här uppsatsen kommer först Douhets luftmaktsteorier skalats ned och begripliggöras, vitala begrepp som t ex luftherravälde kommer att klargöras. Med hjälp av stödpunkter som har sitt ursprung i teorierna har sedan en fallstudie gjort på slaget om Malta. Maltas strategiska placering i Medelhavet gjorde att ön år 1940 drogs in i det andra världskriget. I fallstudien har författaren försökt att lyfta fram tyngdpunkter som har kopplingar till Douhets teorier i syfte att undersöka i vilken utsträckning som teorierna är användbara i analyserandet av en verklig händelse. Fallstudien har skett ur ett så neutralt perspektiv som möjligt då alla inblandade parter har analyserats mot Douhets teorier.

    Undersökningen visar att man till stor grad kan nyttja Douhets luftmaktsteorier för att analysera slaget om Malta under andravärldskriget, och säkerligen även många andra slag.

  • 196.
    Senic, Sebastian
    Swedish Defence University.
    Têt-offensiven: En analys utifrån krigföringens taktiska principer och grundläggande förmågor2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Têt-offensiven 1968 var en rad taktiska nederlag för Nordvietnam, men den strategiska vinst som slutligen skulle få Nordvietnam att vinna kriget. Vietnamkrigets aspekter av asymmetri och revolutionär krigföring gör att den akademiska synen ofta utgår från teorier avseende dessa. Men Têt-offensiven var på många sätt en konventionell offensiv. Då krigföringen i Vietnam har många paralleller med dagens konfliktområden kan en analys utifrån en konventionell krigföringsteori bidra till förståelsen även av moderna krig.

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att analysera Nordvietnams Têt-offensiv utifrån Försvarsmaktens teorier om grundläggande förmågor för krigföring och krigföringens taktiska grundprinciper.

    Forskningsfrågor som besvaras i uppsatsen är:

    • Vilka förmågor och principer var avgörande för Nordvietnams genomförande av Têt-offensiven?

    • Vilka förmågor och principer var avgörande för USA:s senare framgångar under Têt-offensiven?

    Metoden som används är en analys av fallstudien Têt-offensiven, grundad i kvalitativ textanalys.

    Nordvietnams effektiva utnyttjande av överraskning och vilseledning för inledningen av offensiven möjliggjordes genom hög grad av samordning av förband. Den senare bristen på kraftsamling och USA:s effektiva förmåga att kraftsamla olika verkanssystem och förband ledde till taktiska nederlag för Nordvietnam.

  • 197.
    Simons, Greg
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala Univ, Uppsala Ctr Russian & Eurasian Studies, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Carnage and Connectivity: Landmarks in the Decline of Conventional Military Power2017In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 290-291Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 198.
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Life and Death on Mars (1564)2019In: On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare / [ed] Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 199-222Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst). Historiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Svenska sjöofficerare under 1500-talet2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What was the expertise of a naval officer during the 16th century? How did the naval officers’ expand, and what was the power relations like? These questions asked initially in the dissertation, try to capture the essence of the actual purpose, namely to investigate the development, power relations and the competence of a naval officer in the Swedish Navy during the 16th century (1522-1595).

    There was a correlated relationship between the military strategic choice of the operational area, naval tactical choices vessel types for customized naval warfare and the need for naval officers. A naval officer was a person who was delegated the state power to lead all fleets or individual warships. The fleet was considered as a significant State organization. Periodically, it belonged to one of the most expensive items of expenditure, which each year would be maintained. Naval officers were only added to command if the ship was on a military missions. They were responsible for combat, maintaining lines of communication, carrying out trade war, transporting supplies, patrolling and customs duty. War regulated if the Navy was properly equipped and manned.

    Naval expertise was clearly evident in the Admiral instructions during the Northern Seven Years War. The instructions included military strategy, tactics and actions during sea combat. The court material shows that the naval officer should fight (bravely) and not dishonorably.  A Naval officer should be loyal in terms of reliability, but also to exercise authority, implement and lead naval operations, and artillery and sea combat. He should also ensure that the supplies were distributed in a proper manner and that the Christian sermon should be conducted in accordance with current standards. The naval officer could even be responsible for recruitment, payroll and other administrative activities.

    Overall, this meant that the naval officer would be responsible for money, safety, discipline and legal issues, and be prepared to exercise the power of state force against the enemy. However, he did not need to navigate or set sail; it was instead the specialists further down the hierarchy chain who were responsible for navigation. In many ways, it was all about supply and demand when a naval officer was to be appointed. And this mirrored social hierarchy in general.

  • 200.
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    The Guns of Mars the Magnificent: Cannon Helps Provide Proof of a Wreck's Identity2014In: Quest. Journal of Global Underwater Explorers, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 33-36Article in journal (Other academic)
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