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  • 151. Rigas, G
    et al.
    Carling, E
    Brehmer, Berndt
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Reliability and validity of performance measures in microworlds2002In: Intelligence, ISSN 0160-2896, E-ISSN 1873-7935, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 463-480Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research with microworlds enable us to study complex mental processes in semantically rich but standardized environments, under more realistic conditions than ordinary tests do. Moreover, adapting the microworlds to the needs of mental testing may increase our ability to predict success in real life pursuits [Rigas, G., & Brehmer, B. (1999). Mental processes in intelligence tests and dynamic decision making tasks. In P. Juslin & H. Montgomery (Eds.), Judgement and decision making: Neo-Brunswikean and process-tracing approaches (pp. 45-65). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.]. Yet earlier studies have found no relations between intelligence test scores and microworld performance. The relationships between two real time dynamic decision making tasks (microworlds) and one intelligence test were investigated. The participants interacted with eight NEWFIRE scenarios, four COLDSTORE scenarios, and completed Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM). The composite scores of performance in the two microworlds were sufficiently reliable. APM was a predictor of success in these two microworlds. Statistically significant increases in R 2 were obtained. Methodological problems in research with microworlds are discussed and changes related to the adaptation of microworlds to the needs of mental testing are proposed.

  • 152.
    Romanowska, Julia
    et al.
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Theorell, Töres
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    An Art-Based Leadership Intervention for Enhancement of Self-Awareness, Humility, and Leader Performance2014In: Journal of Personnel Psychology, ISSN 1866-5888, E-ISSN 2190-5150, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 97-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study represents a new cross-disciplinary approach. A year-long art-based leadership intervention was compared to conventional leadership training using a random allocation design. The study has examined whether the art-based intervention has a stronger beneficial impact on leaders' development than the conventional program. Comparison was made utilizing leaders' self-ratings and subordinates' ratings of their leaders' frequency of expressed laissez-faire leadership and capacity to cope with stress. Our findings show a striking difference in the development between the two groups. In addition to displaying less laissez-faire behavior, the leaders in the art intervention appear to have improved their self-awareness, humility, and stress coping, while contrasting results were noted in the conventional group. These findings confirm the earlier results in our research.

  • 153.
    Rydmark, Joacim
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Bättre med färre nivåer?: En litteraturstudie om effekter vid en minskning av antalet ledningsnivåer i det militära ledningssystemet2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport diskuterar möjliga effekter av att ta bort en ledningsnivå samt hur detta påverkar ledningssystemets förmåga att uppfylla de tre övergripende designkriterierna; förmåga att hantera tidsfaktorn, komplexitet samt friktioner. Diskussionen sker inom ett designvetenskapligt ramverk i form av ett yttre system, ett inre system samt ett gränssnitt. Slutsatsen av diskussionen är att en minsk-ning eller hopslagning av antalet ledningsnivåer skulle ha både positiva och negativa effekter på ledningssystemets förmåga att uppfylla de tre designkriterierna. En minskning av antalet ledningsnivåer skulle kunna ha en viss positiv effekt på förmågan att kunna fatta snabbare beslut, förmågan att kunna erhålla informat-ion snabbare samt förmågan att kunna ominrikta verksamheten, men samtidigt riskerar dessa effekter att motverkas av att mer information måste bearbetas, analyseras och anpassas på de nivåer som blir kvar. Andra negativa effekter kan ses i form av ökat kontrollspann samt större staber med risk för ökad tröghet, ef-tersom allt fler och allt mer differentierade uppgifter med olika perspektiv, komplexitet och målsättningar måste hanteras på de kvarvarande ledningsnivåerna. Sammantaget visar diskussionen att vid en förändring av detta slag så måste vinsterna med att ta bort eller slå ihop ledningsnivåer vägas och balanseras mot förlusterna av en sådan åtgärd.

    Diskussionen i denna rapport är av principiell natur, vilket innebär att vi inte med säkerhet kan uttala oss om hur stora de ovan redovisade effekterna skulle bli av en minskning eller hopslagning av antalet ledningsnivåer på förmågan att uppfylla de tre designkriterierna. För att få kunskap om detta krävs empiriska undersökningar och några sådana finns i dagsläget inte att tillgå. För att åstadkomma sådana skulle en möjlig väg framåt kunna vara att genomföra datorsimuleringar för olika scenarier. Sådana undersökningar behövde dock inte begränsas till att enbart undersöka vad som händer om man tar bort en ledningsnivå, utan istället skulle fokus kunna vara på att undersöka vad som är rätt antal ledningsnivåer för de uppgifter som skall lösas.

  • 154. Rydstedt, Leif W.
    et al.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Psychological characteristics of Swedish mandatory enlisted soldiers volunteering and not volunteering for international missions: an exploratory study2013In: Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, E-ISSN 1558-691X, Vol. 112, no 2, p. 678-688Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to assess personality traits, psychological fitness, and hardiness among conscript soldiers volunteering for international missions (n = 146), by comparing them with conscripts from the same year class and unit who did not apply for international missions (n = 275). The sample consisted of all mandatory enlisted soldiers assigned to a supply and maintenance regiment. There were no demographic differences between the groups. The volunteers reported greater stress tolerance, concern for others, extraversion, and self-confidence than the non-volunteers. There were no differences between the groups in orderliness, temper instability, or independence. Volunteers repeatedly reported greater psychological fitness for military missions and greater hardiness over the period of military service compared to the non-volunteers.

  • 155.
    Sjöberg, Lennart
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm och Psykologisk Metod AB.
    Wolgers, Gerhard
    Försvarsmakten HR Centrum.
    Personlighetstestning vid antagning till officersutbildning: En jämföelse av CTI och UPP-testet i olika grader av "skarpt läge"2012Report (Other academic)
  • 156.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Leadership and stress: Indirect military leadership and leadership during complex rescue operations2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Sohlberg, Jennifer
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Upplevelser av grundläggande militär utbildning med inriktning hemvärn/nationella skyddsstyrkorna2012Report (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Svensson, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University.
    Utvecklande ledarskap i historien: En studie i nutida militär ledarskapsteori under Senkarolinsk tid2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about leadership and directed towards the modern leadership theory Developmental leadership. The paper tries to explain some of Karl XII’s success as a leader by examining if he followed some of the principles of Developmental leadership. This is done by researching if the desirable leadership traits mentioned in Developmental leadership can also be found in narrations of Karl XII’s leadership during the late Carolinian times.

    The theory of Developmental leadership has been analyzed in relation to its progenitor Transformational leadership in order to get a deeper understanding for what Developmental leadership means and increase the range of descriptions of desirable leadership traits. Three characteristics are identified that summarize the desirable traits of the theories: Role model behavior, Personal care and Inspiration and motivation.

    These characteristics are then tested against narrations of Karl XII’s leadership to prove that many of the desirable leadership traits mentioned in modern leadership theories also were to be found in Karl XII’s leadership. The results of the study was that many of the traits mentioned in Developmental leadership also were found in Karl XII’s leadership, though different in regards to the meaning of some of the traits that has been altered due to cultural and religious changes by time. One last difference is that these traits and characteristics not were written down as a theoretical model during the late Carolinian times, when Karl XII ruled, which hampered the transference of knowledge and education on the field of study.

  • 159.
    Svensson, Marcus
    Swedish Defence University.
    Soldatens mentala anpassning till insatsmiljön: En intervjustudie om Hur omgivningen vid insats fs22 påverkar soldaten psykologiskt och dennes respons för att hantera denna påverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Soldier's individual skills are by far the most important and elementary in an armed conflict. A soldier is exposed to psychological challenges that affect his ability to perform. The academic literature is dominated by studies where adaptation is investigated at an organisational level and follows an ‘up-down' structure. Therefore, is it not only interesting but also important to study how the environmental changes mentally affect the soldier and his ability to solve his duties. 

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the impact of the environment on the soldier and the soldier's response to dealing with this effect. The study aims to test I-ADAPT Theory in a new context, investigating how external factors, in the environment of FS22, affect the soldier's mental processes. 

    The results of the study showed primarily that the establishments of routines had a great impact on the soldiers’ performance and their ability to adapt to the new environment.

  • 160.
    Thielen, Alexander
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Sivertun, Åke
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Frames of the terrorist attack in Sweden: a qualitative study of true and fake news coverage2019In: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, E-ISSN 1741-5071Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On 7 April 2017, a terrorist attack occurred in central Stockholm. A hijacked lorry was intentionally driven into crowds along a pedestrian street. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore how the media framed this terrorist attack. The data collection approach was inductive and explorative, mainly involving searching electronic media databases. The qualitative analysis of 1294 articles resulted in four overarching themes describing how the terrorist attack was framed in the media. These frames are as follows: the incident, framed as confirmed, unconfirmed and denied information; the perception of leadership and authorities as trustworthy; the site perceived as a place of sorrow; and crisis management framed as the initial and sequential framing of the professionals, the heroes and the villains. The primary conclusion is that true as well as fake news affects crisis management and public opinion, which may create challenges for the entire society within the crisis management area. 

  • 161.
    Thornblad, Lisa
    Swedish Defence University.
    Ledarskap under stress: En teoriprövande fallstudie på BA012013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inriktningen för det svenska försvaret är att uppnå ett flexibelt och rörligt insatsförsvar. Akut stress under krigsliknande situationer är något dagens officer kan komma att ställas inför, vilket ställer höga krav på officeren och de militära ledarskapsförmågorna.

    Med tanke på den nya inriktningen inom Försvarsmakten är det högst aktuellt att undersöka om det officeren lär sig under utbildning stämmer överens med verkligheten och om teorier kan anses som relevanta även under insats. Är teorier som lärs ut vid Försvarsmaktens ledarskapsutbildning tillämpbara i praktiken?

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka om teorier kring ledarskap under stress, som lärs ut inom Försvarsmakten, överensstämmer med officerens ledarskap vid internationella insatser.

    Genom en deduktiv logik genomförs en teoriprövande fallstudie på BA01, utifrån en kvalitativ metod och textanalys. Det utvalda fallet analyseras utifrån en svensk modell för ledarskap under akut stress.

    Slutsatserna för denna undersökning är:

    -          Vald teori fungerar i praktiken och är ytterst relevant för militärt ledarskap i internationella insatser.

    -          En stabil grund i det vardagliga ledarskapet, kopplat till ledaren och organisationen, gynnar beslutsfattande under akut stress.

    -          Det är viktigt att förstå vilka bakomliggande faktorer som kan påverka ledarskapet under akut stress och ämnet måste därför undersökas från flera perspektiv och ses som en del av ett större sammanhang.

    -          Ledarskap påverkas av förhållandet mellan chefen och dennes underställda, men även hur väl samarbetet fungerar inom organisationen såväl med likställda som högre chefer. Ledarskap bör därför analyseras utifrån olika nivåer.

    -          Ett situationsanpassat ledarskap, en förmåga att analysera vilket förhållningssätt är mest lämpligt vid tillfället, bör finnas hos varje ledare.

  • 162.
    Thunholm, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Social desirability in personality testing of military officers2001In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 223-234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The tendency among Swedish military officers to answer in a socially desirable way when taking some personality tests was investigated. Participants were 216 Army, Navy, and Air Force captains. The test used for measuring social desirability was the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (M-C SDS; Crowne & Marlowe, 1960) and a subset of those test items. Data revealed a strong tendency among the officers to answer in a socially desirable manner compared to earlier data from testing with the M-C SDS and compared to data from a sample of Swedish students of economics. M-C SDS correlated significantly with all 3 of the personality tests used. The comparably strong tendency to answer in a socially desirable way could be due to in part a need for many individuals to "look good" and in part due to difficulties of applying a 5-step Likert scale to the items of the M-C SDS.

  • 163.
    Tillberg, Peter
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Svartheden, JoakimEngstedt, Danuta Janina
    Mission Abroad: Military experience from international operations2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Danielsson, Erna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    När Sverige överrumplades: En studie av ledarskap och myndigheters samverkan efter tsunamikatastrofen 20042006Report (Other academic)
  • 165.
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Danielsson, Erna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Steget före: Samverkan och ledarskap vid hantering av ett gisslandrama vid en rymning från en fångvårdsanstalt2006Report (Other academic)
  • 166.
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hur stämmer unga officerares faktiska ledarutveckling med Försvarsmaktens ledarskapsmodell Utvecklande ledarskap2006Report (Other academic)
  • 167.
    Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, The Norwegian Defence Univeristy College, Norway.
    Berntsen, Tor Arne S.
    Norwegian Command and Staff College, Norwegian Defence University College, Norway.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Avstand og nærhet som militæretisk utfordring2018In: Necesse, ISSN 2464-353X, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 95-103Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 168.
    Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Sjøforsvaret, Norge.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Å ta liv: Erfaringer fra Afghanistan2017In: Michael, ISSN 1504-0658, Vol. 14, p. 54-59Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 169.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Att lära sig stresshantering vid tillämpade övningar: Ett utbildningskoncept2014Report (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Human adaptation to danger2001Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of the thesis was to increase knowledge concerning how people adapt psychologically when faced with a real dan­ger incident, and what implications these reactions and adaptation mecha­nisms have upon immediate performance.

    The thesis is based on three empirical studies concerning people with per­sonal experience of dangerous incidents. Swedish peacekeeping person­nel who were involved in shooting incidents or other highly threatening events participated in two of these studies. Swedish citizens who were living in Kobe, Japan, during the earthquake of 1995 partici­pated in the third study. Retrospective self-reports included both qualitative and quantitative approaches. More specifically, the research questions focused on the subjec­tive descriptions of personal reactions and performance during dan­gerous situations, the frequency of various reac­tions, and the individual and situ­ational factors that influence reactions and functioning.

    On a general level, all groups seem to have performed well during the dangerous encounters they experienced. Severely dysfunctional reactions were rare, but general feelings of invulnerability were commonly reported. During these threatening situations, a partial loss of emotional balance and cognitive functioning was also common. Different individual and situ­a­tional factors appeared to interact with reactions and performance. Factors that were associated with lower performance included whether the danger incident implied a loss of control or if it demanded complex cogni­tive activity.

    A fourth and purely theoretical study addressed how assumptions from Darwian, Freudian, and cognitive psychology are supported by empirical disaster research in explaining why people occasionally fail to adapt when danger is present. It was suggested that the different theories could be integrated into a model, in which adapta­tion mechanisms on different psychological levels could be included; from processes that are con­sciously controlled to automatic processes.

  • 171.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Människans illusoriska rationalitet: om kampen mellan känsla och förnuft i samhälle och politik2014Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Are humans rational? Do we generally choose the alternative with the best balance between costs and benefits when making decisions? Or are we to a large extent guided by our emotions and impulses? This book argues that it can be both ways. The latter may, however, be more frequently the case than we ourselves want to believe. Our emotions - and our way of coping with them - are important explanations for decisions that do not have the results that were anticipated, as well as to enemy images, violence and evil.

    It may be reasonable to use gut instinct in everyday decisions that affect only one self and has no dramatic consequences. But the focus in this book is primarily in different contexts in which decisions may have - or may be expected to have - large effects. The first part addresses the question if we are rational in relation to different types of threats - from risks in the community to life-threatening situations and war. The second part analyzes whether political decision makers and various political movements are rational – ranging from the average local politicians to more extreme and violent movements.The book also includesa theoretical part, with a discussion about how our lack of rationality can be explained and understood.

  • 172.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Why do people sometimes fail when adapting to danger?: A theoretical discussion from a psychological perspective.2001In: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, ISSN 0280-7270, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 145-180Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During life-threatening danger people may react in ways that decrease their chances of surviving or coping with the event. Several empirically demon­strated reactions have a potentially maladaptive effect on per­formance, due to limitations in our cognitive and emotional processing capacity or the activation of obsolete adaptation mechanisms. The possible psychological explanations for this are discussed in terms of assumptions derived from three major psychological paradigms: Darwian, Freudian, and cognitive psychology. These theoretical models all illustrate useful concepts and assumptions, which do not logically exclude one another, necessary to understand more thoroughly how psychological adaptation occurs in danger situations. However, no theory alone explains the empiri­cal find­ings and the various theories should be integrated into a model that includes different levels of psychological function, from consciously controlled processes to emotional and automatic process.

  • 173.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Brandow, Carina
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    How (Not) to Implement an Unpopular Decision: A Case-Study of the Swedish Armed Forces2017In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the armed forces' ability to implement an unpopular decision while maintaining commitment and job satisfaction among its personnel, as well as examine what factors affect the perceived outcome of a decision process in a military context. In line with earlier research, it was hypothesized that a fair process, knowledge (about the circumstances and objectives of the decision) and trust (in the decision-makers) will promote decision acceptance. An additional hypothesis was that a higher hierarchal position will promote understanding of the decision. A specific decision process was chosen - that which led to the 2010 choice to make service on international military missions mandatory for all personnel in the Swedish Armed Forces. An ad hoc questionnaire was constructed with the intention to measure the perception of the decision's input values, the decision process, the organization and decision-makers, as well as of the outcome. The questionnaire response rate was 48% (N = 229 respondents). The respondents were (predominantly middle-aged, mid-career, male) Swedish military officers and civilian employees. Knowledge about the decision, its perceived timing, and trust in the decision makers - but not the respondents' hierarchical position - significantly contributed to the outcome : its degree of acceptance. The study shows much dissatisfaction with the decision and its implications, but also a lack of knowledge about the decision-making process involved.

  • 174.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    Karlstad universitet.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Examining the impact of personality and situational factors on decision making among military staffs2014In: Journal of Military Studies, ISSN 1799-3350, Vol. 5, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Military staff performance may be inferior due to several reasons. The purpose of the present survey was to study the impact of stress reactions, personality factors, situation awareness, and maladaptive group dynamics on the quality of the decision-making in Swedish high-level military staffs. Participants were mainly captains and majors, but also lieutenant colonels and colonels took part (n = 256, 61 % response rate). A mainly self-made questionnaire was administered in two staff exercises. Maladaptive group dynamics, stress exposure, lack of situation awareness, and negative stress reactions were the strongest predictors of poor staff performance, while personality had less impact.

  • 175.
    Wallenius, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Mattsson, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Brandow, Carina
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Psychological Operations: What Makes them Work?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Weber, Megan
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    A Principal Component Analysis of Swedish Conscripts’ Values and Attitudes towards their Military Education2015In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 5, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By identifying components relevant to conscripts' success in and positive attitudes towards the military, we may be able to make it a more attractive employment option for current and future age-cohorts, thus solving the recruitment crisis not only in Sweden, but in several other European countries that have recently made the shift from conscription to an all-volunteer force. Precisely, this study aims to identify and examine conscripts' values and attitudes towards their mandatory tour of duty. The objective of this study is to analyze the components important to Swedish conscripts in order to determine what components should be included or emphasized in future military education programmes. Data were collected from 55,239 conscripts between 2002 and 2010 (when conscription was suspended in Sweden), using an anonymous course evaluation questionnaire. Data from 2002-2005 were combined and used as a baseline to compare against data from later years. Principal component analysis was conducted and resulted in 3 components being extracted for each year (except 2008, a year for which only 2 components were extracted). Those components were individual development, group cohesion, and competence/ state of readiness. The study's most important conclusion was that conscripts' attitudes and values were in line with those of younger generations and that a focus on these values may lead to the development of more attractive educational and career opportunities for today's youth.

  • 177.
    Weibull, Alise
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Abrahamsson, BengtSwedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    The heritage and the present: From Invasion Defence to Mission Oriented Organization2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Wolgers, Gerhard
    HR Centrum, Försvarsmakten.
    Intervjubedömningar i officersurval: Dimensioner och samband mellan olika intervjubedömningar och lämplighetsbedömningen av sökande till Officersprogrammet vid Försvarshögskolan2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Intervjuer är det vanligaste bedömningsinstrumentet i samband med urval i arbetslivet. Men vad mäter egentligen en intervju? Vilket samband finns mellan olika intervjubedömningar? Hur förhåller sig dessa till en övergripande lämplig-hetsbedömning? För att undersöka detta användes data på sökande åren 2011-2014 till det treåriga Officersprogrammet vid Försvarshögskolan (N=770). Urvalsmomentet kallat lämplighetsbedömning utgjorde fokus. Här ingick psykologintervju, professionsintervju samt en övergripande lämplighetsbedöm-ning. Principal komponentanalys uppvisade en dimension hos psykolog-intervjun: ”psykologisk lämplighet”. Professionsintervjun uppvisade fyra dimensioner: ”officerslämplighet”, ”yrkesmotivation”, ”attityder” och ”direkt ledarskap”. Stöd fanns emellertid också för tolkningen att professionsintervjun uppvisar en dimension, ”officerslämplighet”, som förklarar påtagligt mest varians (56,25 %) jämfört med övriga tre dimensioner (5,39 %, 3,98 % respek-tive 3,42 %). Sambandet mellan intervjuerna var ganska starkt (r=0,63), eller högst måttligt som reliabilitetsmått betraktat. Detta tolkades som rimligt p.g.a. intervjuernas olika perspektiv. Multipel linjär regressionsanalys predicerade att 82,1 % (Adjusted R2= 0,821, p<0,001) av variansen i lämplighetsbedömningen kan förklaras av både psykologbedömning och professionsbedömning. Intervju-erna visade sig samtidigt inte vara kolinjära, dvs. ej sammanfalla (Tolerance=0,606, VIF=1,650), utan vara tillräckligt unika för att inte kunna ersätta varandra. Resultaten diskuteras. Inledningsvis ges en introduktion till området urval av personal samt viss bakgrund om intervjuer som bedömnings-instrument och beskrivning urvalsprocessen av officerare.

  • 179.
    Österberg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    We want you as our new recruit: Prerequisites for recruitment to and retention in the Swedish Armed Forces2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to study the prerequisites for the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) in order to recruit sufficient numbers of suitable individuals to the organization, and to retain those within the organization.

    The thesis comprises three studies (Study 1-3) where Study One comprises data gathered, with a longitudinal design, when Sweden relied on conscription for the manning of the Armed Forces. Results show that those wanting to do international military service assessed themselves higher for required qualities than those individuals not volunteering for international military service. Study Two shows that job satisfaction, according to Hackman and Oldham´s Job satisfaction model, is higher when job characteristics are good, and they in turn affect the Critical Psychological States, as proposed by Hackman and Oldham. Study Three indicates that there is a relation between performance orientation, job characteristics, job satisfaction and retention. In sum, this thesis suggests that there are different incentives for recruiting and retaining personnel to a conscripted force, and an all-volunteer force. Furthermore, the thesis indicates that an all-volunteer force concept is not the best way of manning the armed forces, for Sweden and countries with similar society, size and likewise a critical geopolitical position. 

  • 180.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    ”Värnplikten öppnar en värld av möjligheter”: Viljan att fortsätta i Försvarsmakten hos värnpliktiga på Livgardet år 20102010Report (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse hos anställda soldater: Preliminär redovisning av en enkätstudie2012Report (Other academic)
  • 182.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Jag vill hellre jobba som diplomat: en studie av värnpliktiga på Arméns jägarbataljon som valt att inte söka internationell tjänst2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den första juli 2010 gick Sverige från ett försvar baserat på plikt till ett försvar baserat på frivillighet. I och med denna förändring kan inte längre värnplikten garantera personalförsörjningen till internationella insatser. Att kunna förstå vad som bidrar till en god rekrytering av personal, såväl kvantitets- som kvalitetsmässigt, är avgörande för hur väl Försvarsmakten lyckas med personalförsörjningen. Syftet med denna studie var att få en djupare förståelse för faktorer som bidrar till valet att inte söka internationell tjänst hos värnpliktiga jägarsoldater. Lika viktigt som det är att identifiera faktorer som bidrar till ett vidare engagemang i Försvarsmakten, lika viktigt är det att belysa faktorer som synes påverka individens val att inte söka internationell tjänst. Resultaten visade att skälen till att inte välja att söka internationell tjänst kan förstås utifrån en huvudkategori, Andra planer, samt fem omgivande faktorer.

  • 183.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Berglund, Anna Karin
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Officer recruitment to the Swedish Armed Forces: A critical issue2015In: ERGOMAS: Program and abstracts / [ed] T. Szvircesv Tresch (Chair), 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Förhållanden som bidrar till att värnpliktiga jägarsoldater söker internationell tjänst2009Report (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Rydstedt, Leif W
    Lillehammer University College.
    Core values and attitudes among Swedish conscripts volunteering for international missions: An exploratory study2013In: The Journal of Values Based Leadership, ISSN 2153-019X, E-ISSN 1948-0733, Vol. 6, no 2, article id 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to assess core values and attitudes among conscribed soldiers volunteering for international peacekeeping missions (n=146), by a comparison with conscripts from the same class and regiment that did not apply for international missions (n=275).The sample consisted of an entire class of conscribed soldiers whereof 389 completed all three repeated surveys. There were no demographical differences between the groups. Volunteers expressed higher altruistic basic values and held more positive attitudes toward their military education. The findings in this study are of importance for the Swedish armed forces as success in international missions is dependent on soldiers with sound values in order to better understand different cultures in the areas where deployments now are taking place.

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