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  • 1451.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Préface2009In: Les Îles Åland en mer Baltique.: Héritage et actualité d'un régime original / [ed] Matthieu Chillaud, Paris: l'Harmattan , 2009, p. 9-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1452.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Russia as seen from Sweden2011Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    La Russie est, géopolitiquement parlant, le pouvoir dominant de l’Europe du Nord. Son histoire et celle de la Suède sont liées par de nombreuses guerres et autres conflits qui ont marqué la culture stratégique suédoise. Aujourd’hui, la Suède jouit d’un glacis qui la sépare de la Russie, composé des États Baltes, pays membres de l’UE et de l’OTAN. Sa situation stratégique est par conséquent plus confortable que jamais. Mais où va la Russie ? Deviendra-t-elle un partenaire fiable ou fera-t-elle marche arrière dans l’histoire pour tenter de redevenir la grande puissance qu’elle était au temps de Pierre le Grand ou de l’URSS ? Ce sont là des questions d’une importance majeure pour les Suédois. Le présent article ne cherche pas à répondre pas à ces questions. En revanche, il s’efforce de répondre à la question suivante : qu’en pensent les Suédois ? Les Suédois sont plutôt pessimistes quant à l’avenir de la Russie. Ce n’est tellement pas la menace militaire que leur fait peur mais plutôt les faiblesses du pays : le manque de liberté d’expression, la corruption, la criminalité, le non- respect de l’état de droit. Malheuruesement, tous ces facteurs semblent s’aggraver avec le temps. Il existe donc un risque que la Russie se retrouve dans une situation grave, qui la conduirait à tenter une aventure extérieure pour réduire les tensions internes. Le gazoduc North Stream entre la Russie et l’Allemagne pose plusieurs problèmes parce qu’il passera sur le plateau continental suédois. Il est d’un intérêt vital pour la Russie – donc aussi un enjeu militaire. Il pose aussi des dangers pour l’environnement de la Mer Baltique, très fragile. Il conduira également à un ralentissement de la transition nécessaire des Européens vers les énergies renouvelables. Enfin, on peut remarquer le manque de solidarité européenne de la part des Allemands dans cette affaire, qui inquiète non seulement les Suédois mais aussi les autres riverains de la Baltique.  Chez les partis politiques et les stratèges militaires, il existe plusieurs points de vue différents sur la menace que représente potentiellement la Russie. Alors que certains ne croient pas du tout à une telle menace, d’autres considèrent qu’elle n’est pas impensable. En revanche, et la guerre entre la Russie et la Géorgie l’a bien montré, on considère en général qu’il n’est pas impensable que la Russie soit tentée d’agresser l’un des pays Baltes. Dans ce cas, la Suède devra jouer un rôle important en coopérant avec l’OTAN. Cependant, les Suédois souhaiteraient une meilleure coopération entre l’Europe et la Russie. Il est de ce point de vue-là essentiel que la Russie respecte les acquis de l’OSCE et du Conseil de l’Europe.

  • 1453.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Solidariet eller Särintresse?: En förvirrad säkerhetspolitik2013In: DSM. Debatt, sanningssökande, mediakritik, ISSN 1401-2006, Vol. 68, no 2, p. 9-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1454.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Strategisk överraskning2009In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 60-71Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1455.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Stratégie maritime intégrale: une approche conceptuelle2012In: Revue Défense Nationale, ISSN 1779-3874, Vol. June, no 751, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ninety per cent of the European Union’s external, and 40 per cent of its internal,trade is carried by sea—a proportion that will increase with the Motorwaysof the Sea project. The author argues for a comprehensive EU approach tomaritime strategy at the highest political level, and highlights the important ofcreating coherent political objectives and strategies to underpin that overallstrategy. He argues further for broader consciousness of the vital importance ofthe sea, not just for Europe, but for mankind.

  • 1456.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Svenskt marinstrategiskt tänkande - en återblick med sikte på framtiden2012In: Forum navale, ISSN 0280-6215, Vol. 68, p. 105-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the middle of the 19th century, the Royal Swedish Navy was in a very bad shape. However, during the years around the turn of the century, 19th to 20th, the Navy was able to acquire for its time modern ships. At the same time, naval officers laid the foundation for a Swedish naval strategic culture that, basically, was valid until the end of the Cold War. The main aspects of this culture were:

    • Strategic defense against invasion from the sea – with a mix of offensive and defensive tactics that varied over time;

    • Fleet in being using the archipelagos as protection;

    • The main target was to be the enemy’s transport ships, not his main naval force;

    • Strategic cooperation with the army and air force while, especially the army, saw the navy as a subordinate force;

    • A vocation to defend Sea Lines of Communication that was not accepted by the Commander in Chief or by the politicians – except during the two world wars.

    The thinkers of the navy have been influenced from abroad, mainly: Colomb, Corbett, Castex, and to some extent Mahan. Influent naval officers have studied at US Naval War College or its French counterpart.

    Today, this culture is not valid. The navy has to develop a new culture where naval diplomacy, protection of Sea Lines of Communication, power projection, and cooperation with international and national actors are of prime importance. However, the classic strategic language – presence, sea control etc. – are still basically valid and should be used in the development of a new maritime strategy. In this context, the extreme jointness of Swedish Armed Forces is a problem. It is now necessary for the navy to, while still being part of the joint force, to reunite with the maritime world.

  • 1457.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Sverige, Europa, världen2010In: Vårt Försvar, ISSN 0042-2800, Vol. 121, no 3, p. 15-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1458.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Sveriges strategiska läge i en föränderlig värld2012In: DSM. Debatt, sanningssökande, mediakritik, ISSN 1401-2006, no 2, p. 21-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1459.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    The strategic situation of Cyprus2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1460.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    The Wonderful Trinity in a Globalized World2010In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 127-145Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses strategic theory with particular emphasis on the lasting importance of the “wonderful trinity” as defined by Clausewitz: blind instinct, creativity, and reason. These are linked to three types of actors: the people, the general, and the government. A third trinity is the three objectives of war: the will of the enemy, his military power, and his country. The article argues that the trinity is rather flexible and can be used also in today’s “asymmetric” conflicts as a tool to increase our understanding. The word “asymmetric”, however, is often misused. To win, it has always been necessary to create asymmetry – or at least “dissymmetry” - to one’s own advantage. In order to win, strategy must define achievable, legal as well as legitimate objectives and associated ways-and-means. History shows that this is very difficult. Furthermore, the result is often not as expected. Friction and surprise make the best plans to fail; modern technology has not changed this fact. As a consequence, there is a need for strategic agility. This implies that a modern strategy needs to be responsive, flexible, and resilient. It must be thought by a “mind” that is adaptive and based on good strategic research. It must be prepared both to take on insurgents according to the formula “war amongst the people” and fight more classic wars – albeit perhaps in new ways.

  • 1461.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Utvecklingen av sjökrigskonsten 1800-19002009In: Quatre siècles de coopération militaire franco-suédoise = Svenskt-franskt militärt samarbete under fyra sekler: actes des journées d'études franco-suédoises organisées à Stockholm les 25 et 26 octobre 2005 et à Vincennes les 7 et 8 décembre 2006 = svenskt-franskt seminarium organiserad i Stockholm 25 och 26 oktober 2005 och i Vincennes 7 och 8 december 2006 / [ed] Gunnar Åselius och Valérie Caniart, Stockholm/Paris: Försvarshögskolan/Service Historique de la Défense , 2009, p. 87-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1462.
    Wedin, Lars
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Zetterberg, KentSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.Åselius, GunnarSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 20062006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Magnus von Porat , A worthy Cavalier, Det höviska idealet hos Robert Monro, Kondottiärerna, Tapperhet och ära, Att strida och segra, Generositet givmildhet och ödmjukhet
    • Tommy Åkesson, Slaget vid Somme 1916, Ställningskrigets problem och den moderna brittiska diskussionen, Douglas Haig, The New Army, The Great Push, Somme
    • Fia Sundevall, Det självklara undantaget?, Militäryrkena och frågan om kvinnors behörighet till statstjänst (ca 1919-25), Staten och genusarbetsdelningen, Behörighetsfrågan, Taktiska överväganden
    • David Pounder, An Act of Piracy in the Faeroe Islands, The story of the events of 20th June 1940
    • Lars Ericson Wolke, Svenska militärhistoriska kommissionen under år 2006

    Recensioner

    • Olav Riste et al (red.): Norskfimvarshistorie I-5, anmälan av Gunnar Åselius
    • Lars Gahrn: Biskop Kol och slaget vid Herrevadsbro och Slaget vid Herrevadsbro och hägringar vid Häradsvad, anmälan av Kent Zetterberg
    • Jan Peters (red.): Sedan stack vi staden i brand En legoknekts dagbok från trettioåriga kriget, anmälan av Gunnar Åselius
    • Anna Maria Forssberg: Att hålla folket på gott humör: informationsspridning, krigspropaganda och mobilisering i Sverige 1655-1680, anmälan av Kent Zetterberg
    • Rune Hasslöf et al. (red.): Konglig Bohus Läns Regemente. Södra Kompaniet 1727-1901, anmälan av Kent Zetterberg
    • Mats Hemström: Marschen mot makten. Västra armens revolt och väg till Stockholm 1809, anmälan av Gunnar Åselius
    • Alessandro Barbero: The Battle: A New History of the Battle of Waterloo, anmälan av Urban Schöön
    • Jean-Jacques Langendorf: Faire la guerre: Antoine-Henri ]omini. Volume 2: Le penseur politique, anmälan av Lars Wedin
    • Robert A Doughty: Pyrrhic Victory: French Strategy and Operations in the Great War; anmälan av Urban Schöön
    • Madelene Lidestad: Uppbåd, uppgifter, undantag. Om genusarbetsdelning i Sverige under första världskriget, anmälan av Fredrik Eriksson
    • Anders Johansson: Den glömda armen. Norge-Sverige 1939-1945, anmälan av Lars Gyllenhaal
    • Martin Kahn: Measuring Stalin’s Strength During Total War: US and British intelligence on the economic and military potential of the Soviet Union during the Second World War, 1939-1945, anmälan av Gunnar Åselius
    • Wilhelm Agrell: Skuggor runt Wallenberg. Uppdrag i Ungern 1943-1945, anmälan av Sam Nilsson
    • Christian Malis: Raymond Aron et le débat stratégique français 1930-1966, anmälan av Lars Wedin
    • Jean-Charles Jauffret: Ces officiers qui ont dit non à la torture. Algérie 1954-1962, anmälan av Patrik Selling
    • Pierre Cyril Pahlavi: La guerre révolutionnaire de l'Armee Française en Algérie 1954-1961. Entre esprit de conquête et conquête des ésprits, anmälan av Lars Wedin
    • Vojtech Mastny, Sven G Holtsmark, och Andreas Wenger (red.): War plans and alliances in the cold war: Threat perceptions in the East and West, anmälan av Bengt Gustafsson
    • Odd Arne Westad: The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times, anmälan av Gunnar Åselius
    • Edward George: The Cuban Intervention in Angola. From Che Guevara to Cuito Cuanavale, anmälan av Gunnar Åselius
    • Rupert Smith: The Utility of Force. The Art of War in the Modern World, anmälan av Lars Wedin
    • Colin S. Gray: Another Bloody Century. Future Warfare, anmälan av Lars Wedin
    • Robert M Citino: Blitzkrieg. The German of War. From the Thirty Year´s War to the Third Reich, anmälan av Olof Santesson
    • Karl-Heinz Frieser: The Blitzkrieg Legend. The 1940 Campaign in the West, anmälan av Olof Santesson
  • 1463.
    Weibull, Louise
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för arbetsvetenskap.
    Emotion matters: Emotion management in Swedish Peace Support Operations2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 1464.
    Weibull, Louise
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL).
    Kvinnan på väg in i ledet.: Intryck från mönstring och värnplikt hos en grupp kvinnor som mönstrat 1999-2002.2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The Swedish Armed Forces has an expressed ambition to recruit more women. One component in this has been the establishment of special enlistment days for women. The expectations of the Armed Forces for this form of enlistment were both quantitative and qualitative. Firstly, more women would attend the tests and enlist as conscripts, and secondly, this form of enlistment would better prepare women for their service. The expectation that more women would enlist has already proven correct. The central question in this study is whether the special enlistment for women did in fact render the women better prepared for their service. The study was conducted using a questionnaire. The group studied comprised 320 women, of which about half attended the special enlistment for women and the rest ”ordinary” enlistment, i.e. together with men.

    The results of the study show that those women who underwent the special enlistment for women is basically satisfied with this form of enlistment. Most positive was to meet and get information from female officers and conscripts. The results also indicate that the special enlistment strengthens women on the personal level. For instance, the group of women who underwent separate enlistment report less sexual harassment during their service. The reason for this could be that after having spoken to women with experience of the military, they have more insight into the importance of ”setting boundaries” and ”opportunities to report”, etc. Thus, the question posed at the outset, whether the special enlistment for women provides a better preparation than ”ordinary” enlistment, can be answered in the affirmative.

     

  • 1465.
    Weibull, Louise
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Post-Deployment Disorientation: The emotional remains of uneventful peace support operations2012In: Res militaris, ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 2, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely recognized that participation in high-intensity military missions abroad can result in discomforts, serious health conditions, and psychological consequences for the individual. This article, however, focuses on soldiers' experiences after service in two relatively calm mission areas. It aims to contribute to a discussion of the emotional price soldiers pay even when participating under these circumstances. It argues that although the general view among soldiers is that service abroad is a unique, rewarding and cherished experience, we should further recognize it as an accomplishment that also has other transformative properties. This is often manifested in what is here named 'Post-Deployment Disorientation' (PDD), invoking a different outlook on life and navigation in the social world. This article explores the soldiers' sense-making of this change by adopting an emotion-focused sociological perspective. Confirmation of assumptions made is presented through reference to interviews with 24 Swedish soldiers before, during and after their deployments to Kosovo and Liberia.

  • 1466.
    Weibull, Louise
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section. Karlstad universitet.
    Karlsson, Jan Christer
    Karlstads universitet.
    "Don't fight the blue elephant": Humorous Signs as Protests and Conductors of Negotiations in Swedish Peace Support Operations2013In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses upon the role of humour among Swedish soldiers deployed on peace supportoperations, and more specifically on ‘applied' workplace humour (Mulkay, 1988). Applied humour makes certain points about situations, social groups or phenomena beyond pure entertainment. Data refers first and foremost to workplace signs encountered at military compounds in Liberia, Kosovo, Afghanistan, and interviews with 26 Swedish soldiers before, during and after their deployments. The findings suggest that humorous exchanges in missions abroad are omnipresent and serve many purposes: humour is a space for release from various stresses involved in a strictly hierarchical organization as well as in subordination to rules, policies and designed roles - but also where barbed ideas inappropriate for serious communication are vented (Fine, 1988). It is further argued that differences in the nature of operations (i.e. threat level and work tasks) is reflected in the messages' content. Even if the overall purpose of the humorous discourse seems to be more of a safety valve and ‘cathartic-ritual' than making a claim for change, this might in turn depend on the conviction that there is no alternative. Overall, the paper adds to the literature a description of humorous exchanges in a highly structured organizational setting where the need for sense-making is ever present. 

  • 1467.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark). Utrikespolitiska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hagström, Linus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section. Utrikespolitiska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sanctions Reconsidered: the Path Forward with North Korea2016In: The Washington quarterly, ISSN 0163-660X, E-ISSN 1530-9177, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 61-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There have been regular predictions of North Korea’s imminent collapse. Yet, by adapting to changing circumstances, and finding new supply lines and revenue streams, the state has managed to bypass an increasingly strict sanctions regime aimed at rolling back its nuclear program. This article details the economic flows that continue to keep North Korea alive, against all odds, but argued that these areas are difficult to target as even “smart sanctions” are highly likely to have a range of adverse effects on the wider population. That said, this article recommends continued monitoring of the arms trade, and measures to squeeze the court economy and to target remittances from exported laborers. Yet such efforts have to be combined with a smarter diplomacy built on engagement.

  • 1468.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Den nordiska småstatsidealismens rötter2012In: Norden mellan stormakter och fredsförbund: Nordiskt säkerhetspolitiskt samarbete i det gamla och nya Europa / [ed] Fredrik Doeser, Magnus Petersson, Jacob Westberg, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2012, p. 67-94Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1469.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Den nordiska småstatsrealismens rötter2012In: Norden mellan stormakter och fredsförbund: Nordiskt säkerhetspolitiskt samarbete i det gamla och nya Europa / [ed] Fredrik Doeser, Magnus Petersson, Jacob Westberg, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2012, p. 49-65Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1470.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Det glömda arvet från svensk allianspolitik2016In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 23-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Title:

    The forgotten legacy of Sweden´s policies of alignment

    Abstract:

    This article aims to contribute to the present debate on Sweden’s security policy orientation by introducing an analytical framework for explaining and evaluating different choices of grand strategy. The usefulness of the analytical framework is illustrated with reference to Sweden’s previous experiences from perusing policies of military alignment and participation in cooperative security efforts aiming for collective security. A further aim of the article is to remind the readers of these largely forgotten Swedish experiences of policies of alignment. This second aim is related to the mistaken but common view that Sweden during the last 200 years has pursued a consistent policy of non-alignment. In the conclusion of this article six alternative strategies to reduce the present gap between Sweden’s security goals and political and military means are analysed.

  • 1471.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Det nordiska försvarssamarbetets drivkrafter och utvecklingsmöjligheter2015In: Svensk säkerhet i Europa och världen / [ed] Kjell Engelbrekt, Arita Holmberg, Jan Ångström, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2015, 2 [utök.] uppl., p. 89-116Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1472.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Finskt och svenskt försvarssamarbete under mellankrigstiden: det hotade landet och det skyddade2012In: Norden mellan stormakter och fredsförbund: Nordiskt säkerhetspolitiskt samarbete i det gamla och nya Europa / [ed] Fredrik Doeser, Magnus Petersson, Jacob Westberg, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2012, p. 95-117Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1473.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Försvarssamarbetet: en ny väg till fördjupat nordiskt samarbete?2017In: Norden sett inifrån: Det fjärde spårbytet / [ed] Bengt Sundelius & Claaes Wiklund, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2017, 1, p. 41-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1474.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Integrationsprocessens inledande faser och Monnets idéer om fred och överstatlighet2014In: Integrationens skiftande mönster: Handbok i EU-studier / [ed] Marie-Louise Hindsberg m.fl., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, första, p. 45-64Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1475.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Sammanfattande analys av delstudierna2012In: Norden mellan stormakter och fredsförbund: Nordiskt säkerhetspolitiskt samarbete i det gamla och nya Europa / [ed] Fredrik Doeser, Magnus Petersson, Jacob Westberg, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2012, p. 261-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1476.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Svenska säkerhetsstrategier: 1810-20142015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En nationell säkerhetsstrategi handlar ytterst om hur den politiska ledningen inriktar, utvecklar och utnyttjar olika former av maktmedel för att uppnå landets övergripande säkerhetspolitiska mål.

    I denna bok presenteras en sammanhållen analys av de olika säkerhetsstrategier som Sverige tillämpat under den 200-åriga fredsperioden sedan Napoleonkrigens slut. Bland dessa säkerhetsstrategier återfinns exempel på såväl olika former av neutralitetspolitik som olika former av allianspolitik samt strategier syftande till kollektiv säkerhet. De svenska vägvalen analyseras och förklaras med hjälp av teorier om säkerhetspolitiska strategier och internationell politik. Boken avslutas med en analys av dagens svenska försvarspolitik.

    Boken Svenska säkerhetsstrategier är främst avsedd att användas i utbildning på högskolenivå, men den avser också att lämna ett bidrag till forskning och debatt om svensk säkerhetspolitik.

  • 1477.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Sweden's Policy of Neutrality2013In: Neutrality in the 21st Century: Lessons for Serbia / [ed] Igor S. Novakovic, Belgrad: ISAC Fond , 2013, p. 49-54Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1478.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Säkerhet utan alliansfrihet: svenska alliansstrategiers teori och praktik2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 411-444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to contribute to the present debate on Sweden’s security policy orientation by introducing some general theoretical propositions and concepts related to research on alliance formation and alignment strategies of small states. A further aim of the article is to challenge the mistaken but common view that Sweden ever since  has pursued a consistent policy of non-military alignment.

    The usefulness of these propositions and concepts is firstly illustrated with an analysis of Sweden’s previous experiences of military alignment and participation in cooperative security efforts aiming for collective security. Secondly, insights from Sweden’s previous experiences and general research on alliance behaviour of great and small powers are used to discuss potential benefits and costs related to three possible future alignment strategies: (i) a small state military alliance between Finland and Sweden, (ii) a bilateral military alliance between Sweden the US and (iii) a Swedish membership in NATO. Finally, the question of continuity and change in Sweden’s policy of non-alignment is addressed. In answering this question the concepts of critical junctions, path dependency and external shocks are introduced as analytical tools to analyse causes of both continuity and change. I relation to these concepts Sweden’s security strategies have been characterised by far less consistency than theories of critical junctions or external shocks would lead us to expect. It is also argued that the policy of non-alignment since the end of the Cold War has lost most of its practical relevance and that the deteriorating security situation in Europe has created a need for a new coherent Swedish security strategy.

  • 1479.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    The New Dynamics of Nordic Defence Cooperation2014In: Perspectives on European Security: STETE Yearbook 2013 / [ed] Kati Lepojärvi, Helsinki: STETE, The Finnish Committee for European Security , 2014, p. 60-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1480.
    Westberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Doeser, Fredrik
    Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Inledning2012In: Norden mellan stormakter och fredsförbund: Nordiskt säkerhetspolitiskt samarbete i det gamla och nya Europa / [ed] Fredrik Doeser, Magnus Petersson, Jacob Westberg, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2012, p. 17-45Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1481.
    Wibben, Annick T.R.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Everyday Security, Feminism, and the Continuum of Violence2020In: Journal of Global Security Studies, ISSN 1864-6492, E-ISSN 1473-8376, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 115-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article returns to the original forum question “What is Global Security Studies?,” looking at it in relation to the theme of inclusion and exclusion to point out that security studies scholars exclude feminist scholarship on (everyday) security at their own peril. Showcasing the increasing body of feminist security studies scholarship, the article then highlights not only what scholarship might be included in a truly global security studies, but also the important insights (e.g., about the continuum of violence that spans peace- and wartime) that are missed without it. The article ends with a reflection on the need to also include a wider range of approaches as eminently valuable to global security studies.

  • 1482.
    Wibben, Annick T.R.
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Donahoe, Amanda E.
    Centenial College of Louisiana, US.
    Peace and War in the Classroom2020In: Teaching Peace and War: Pedagogy and Curricula / [ed] Annick T.R. Wibben, Amanda E. Donahoe, London: Routledge, 2020, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1483.
    Wibben, Annick T.R.
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Donahoe, Amanda E.Centenary Colleg of Lousiana, US.
    Teaching Peace and War: Pedagogy and Curricula2020Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 1484.
    Wikman, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy. Department of Government, Uppsala University, Sweden; SCANCOR, Stanford University, USA.
    War with the Terrorists or Rebuilding a Nation in Need?: Dutch Public Opinion on Afghanistan : The Theory of the Principal Policy Objective Revisited2016In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. ERGOMAS, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article points to the need for a more complex understanding of the public's perception of the Principal Policy Objective (PPO) when it comes to citizens' attitudes toward foreign military interventions. In contrast to previous research, where one PPO has been linked to support either by experimental standards or survey practicality, this article uses a survey and a method which allow the analysis to account for conflicting PPOs and leaves the interpretation of the PPO to the individual respondent, increasing the validity of the results. This is done using a dataset based on a monthly survey, conducted during the Dutch military involvement in the Afghan province of Uruzgan (2006-2010), in which questions on support and perceptions of two PPO are separated in the questionnaire permitting a separation of two different PPO measurements on each value of public support. In the Dutch case two PPOs stand out as dominating the public discourse : War on Terror and the Reconstruction of Afghanistan. Both are included in the survey. Based on an OLS regression analysis, this article draws the conclusion that there is a significant relationship between each of the PPOs separately and public support, even when controlled for each other. Previous research has pointed to a dominating PPO that guides attitude behaviour ; however, this article finds instead that several PPOs could be driving support simultaneously and that each has a significant relationship to public support independent of one another. This article offers some possible theoretical insights as to how but additional research is necessary to further investigate how several perceptions of PPO relate to each other during the formation of attitudes amongst the citizenry.

  • 1485.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden and Department of Public Health, Hedmark University College, Elverum, Norwa.
    Inde, Marianne
    Värmland County Council.
    Carlson, Annica
    Department of Surgery, Central Hospital, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Nordström, Gun
    Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden and Department of Public Health, Hedmark University College, Elverum, Norway.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Implementation of patient-focused care: Before-after effects on work climate and quality of care in the eyes of patients and providers2014In: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 27, p. 594-604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to evaluate an organizationally oriented, patient-focused care (PFC) model's effects on care quality and work climate.

    Design/methodology/approach– The study has a before-after (PFC implementation) design. The sample included 1,474 patients and 458 healthcare providers in six participating wards before and after PFC implementation, plus five additional randomly chosen wards, which only featured in the post-assessment.

    Findings– No pre-post differences were found regarding care perceptions or provider work climate evaluations. Statistically significant improvements were noted among provider care evaluations. Using aggregate-level ward data, multiple regression analyses showed that high adherence to PFC principles and a positive work climate contributed significantly to variance among care quality ratings.

    Research limitations/implications– Among healthcare providers, questions related to specific PFC aspects during evenings, nights and weekends had to be dropped owing to a low response rate.

    Practical implications– An important requirement for both practice and research is to tailor PFC to various health and social care contexts.

    Originality/value– The study is large-scale before-after PFC model review, where patient and provider data were collected using well-established measurements.

  • 1486.
    Wilhelmson, Nina
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Svensson, Thomas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Handbook for planning, running and evaluating information technology and cyber security exercises2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cyber Defence Exercise (CDX) is a tool for raising cyber security awarenessand train people to handle different situations in a controlled cyberenvironment. To exercise is a way of enhancing Tools, Techniques andProcedures, TTP. It’s also a way of building trust between the participants,as cooperation is needed to solve problems under stress. Failuresgive lessons learned and not any drastic consequences.

    In this handbook by the Swedish National Defence College’s Centerfor Asymmetric Threat Studies (CATS), Nina Wilhelmson and ThomasSvensson describes different types of exercises and in particular Red versusBlue Team Exercise. It covers the process from the first idea to theafter action analysis. Thomas Svensson has been represented CATS inBaltic Cyber Shield 2010 and Locked Shields 2012 – 2014 as a memberof the exercise control team (White Team). The base for the handbookhas been Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) ExerciseHandbook with additions and lessons learned from Cyber DefenceExercises held in cooperation between Sweden and Estonia.

  • 1487.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Folkrättslig reglering av användandet av bländande laser2010Report (Other academic)
  • 1488.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for International and Operational Law. Department of Law, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    International Humanitarian Law and Influence Operations: The Protection of Civilians from Unlawful Communication Influence Activities during Armed Conflict2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary armed conflicts are not only fought with physical means and methods. Increasingly, in order to achieve military and political objectives, parties to armed conflicts use communication activities to influence individuals. Armed groups such as ISIS use online propaganda to instil terror and recruit new fighters to their cause. In Syria and other conflict zones, medical personnel, aid workers and journalists are subjected to verbal threats and other types of intimidation. In the conflict in Eastern Ukraine, politicians are publicly discredited by having their pictures displayed on electronic billboards and being labelled as war criminals, while civilians are misled by false messages into assisting the opposing party with identifying targets for artillery fire.

    At the same time, communication is also used to increase the security for civilians in armed conflict. For example, parties to armed conflicts have an obligation to issue warnings before launching attacks on military objectives that may affect the civilian population. Thus, although communication activities can be used to increase security for civilians in armed conflict, they may also cause physical and mental harm to civilians.

    This prompts a question of law: Where does the boundary lie between prohibited and lawful use of communication activities as a means of influencing civilians in armed conflict? The purpose of this thesis is to answer this question. It sets out to examine what protection international humanitarian law provides civilians in armed conflict in relation to communication influence activities.

    In the thesis, it is suggested that international humanitarian law contains a substantial—albeit fragmented—body of principles and provisions protecting civilians from harmful communication influence activities. It is further suggested that, in order to correctly define this protection, the material, personal, geographical and temporal scope of application of international humanitarian law must be properly taken into consideration.

  • 1489.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Några rättsliga aspekter på strategiska psykologiska operationer2011Report (Other academic)
  • 1490.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rules of Engagement i fredsfrämjande insatser – en översikt2008Report (Other academic)
  • 1491.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rättslig reglering av psykologiska operationer i nationella insatser2010Report (Other academic)
  • 1492.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan.: Delrapport 1 – internationell humanitär rätt och Rules of Engagement2008Report (Other academic)
  • 1493.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan.: Delrapport 2 svensk rätt och mänskliga rättigheter2009Report (Other academic)
  • 1494.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan: Delrapport 3 – värdlandets rätt2009Report (Other academic)
  • 1495.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen och möjligheterna att möta påverkanskampanjer från främmande makt: Delrapport 2 (2016) på uppdrag av Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Delstudien Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen och möjligheterna att möta påverkan från främmande makt redogör övergripande för de möjligheter och begränsningar som yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen innebär för svenska myndigheter och andra allmänna organ att möta främmande påverkanskampanjer. Delstudien är den andra i studien Möta påverkan, som beställts av Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB).

  • 1496.
    Winther, Pontus
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Appelgren, Jessica
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Lessons Identified Operation Atalanta2013Report (Other academic)
  • 1497. Wisén, N
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Are peacekeeping missions inevitably stressful? A longitudinal study of Swedish soldiers2019In: Journal of military and veterans health, ISSN 1835-1271, E-ISSN 1839-2733Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1498.
    Young, Stephanie
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Ekström, Anna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Försörjningssäkerhet i andra länder: en kunskapsöversikt2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) initierade 2014 ett arbete med långsiktig försörjningssäkerhet mot bakgrund av att det inom området samhällsskydd och beredskap finns ett behov av att få en samlad bild av den långsiktiga tillgången till de resurser/varor som samhället är beroende av.

    För att kunna resonera kring långsiktig försörjningssäkerhet ville MSB bland annat få mer kunskap om hur andra länder arbetar med frågor som kan kopplas till försörjningssäkerhet. CRISMART vid Försvarshögskolan fick därför i uppdrag att ta fram en kunskapsöversikt om hur olika länder arbetar långsiktigt med försörjningssäkerhet inom livsmedel, dricksvatten, läkemedel, och energi.

    Kunskapsöversikten har genomförts som en kartläggning av åtta länder, Finland, Norge, Danmark, Island, Nederländerna, Storbritannien, Kanada, och USA. Landrapporterna i sin helhet finns redovisade som en bilaga till huvudrapporten och återfinns i ett separat dokument. I många av de utvalda länderna har lokala experter anlitats för att samla in kunskap om hur deras länder jobbar med försörjningssäkerhet. I huvudsak utgörs det insamlade materialet av offentliga styrdokument, rapporter och utredningar samt av offentliga myndigheters hemsidor och övriga publikationer. Studien stärks av ett antal intervjuer med nyckelpersoner (i respektive land) som är insatta i och/eller aktivt jobbar med försörjningssäkerhet. En dokumentanalys av landrapporterna har genomförts för att identifiera och välja ut de mest relevanta och intressanta delarna, bland annat jämförelser och ett urval av goda exempel.

    Några goda exempel och erfarenheter:

    • Medvetenhet om komplexitet i försörjningssäkerhet
    • Ökat flexibilitet inför en föränderlig omvärld
    • Tydliga riktlinjer och ansvarsfördelning för samverkan och privat-offentligt samarbete med civilsamhället
    • Tydliga instruktioner om enskildas ansvar
    • Finansiering och investeringar av kritisk infrastruktur
    • Bra översikt över tillgång till ingredienser till läkemedel och även läkemedelsprodukter
    • Strävan efter att behålla en viss grad av självförsörjning i livsmedel

    I den sammafattande diskussionen framhålls att frågan om kritisk infrastruktur för de flesta länderna har aktualiserats efter terrorattackerna den 11 september 2001. Även några stora störningar, framför allt stormar, har på olika sätt testat systemen och bidragit till ökat intresse för behovet av att ta tag i försörjningssäkerhetsfrågor. Utrikespolitiska kriser, till exempel Ryssland-Ukraina krisen, har tjänat som en påminnelse för alla de studerade länderna om säkerhetspolitikens betydelse för försörjningssystemen och visar på vikten av internationell samverkan och solidaritet mellan länder.

    Avslutningsvis har följande visat sig betydelsefullt i arbetet med försörjningssäkerhet:

    • Samordning, samverkan och tydliga ansvarsområden
    • Informationsutbyte
    • Reglerad privat-offentlig samverkan
    • Flexibilitet och förmåga att anpassa sig till nya trender och utveckla sig efter egna förutsättningar
    • En viss grad av självförsörjning i några högprioriterade områden
    • Makten att påverka i högprioriterade områden där landet inte kan upprätthålla självförsörjning
    • Stabila handelspartners och stabilitet på den globala marknaden samt god ekonomi och konkurrenskraft
  • 1499.
    Young, Stephanie
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Stern, Eric
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Assessment Report on EU-wide Pandemic Vaccine Strategies2010Report (Other academic)
  • 1500.
    Zenobi, Diego
    et al.
    Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Baez Ullberg, SusannSwedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Göteborgs universitet.Camargo da Silva, TelmaSwedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Universidade Federal de Goiás, Brasilien.
    Traces: Mémoires et politiques des désastres en Amérique Latine2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    Ces quatre études s'inscrivent dans le champ de l'anthropologie des désastres : en 1987, au Brésil, des habitants sont contaminés au césium 137 ; le 29 avril 2003, une inondation catastrophique se produit dans la ville de Santa Fe ; le 3 décembre 2004, à Buenos Aires, un incendie durant un concert coûte la vie à 194 jeunes ; un dépotoir, à Buenos Aires, est le lieu de passage vers le cirujeo, devenir ramasseur d'ordures pour survivre. Ces études posent la question de la mémoire : comment l'organiser et la garder ?

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