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  • 1401.
    Ers, Andrus
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Frågan om filosofins ursprung: Werner Jaeger, Erik Stenius och den moderna kulturkrisen2014In: Upplysningskritik: Till Bosse Holmqvist / [ed] Anders Burman & Inga Sanner, Stockholm/Höör: Symposion Brutus Östlings bokförlag, 2014, p. 99-111Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1402.
    Ers, Andrus
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kris, terror, besvikelse: Sjuttiotalet efter utopierna2014In: Tillsammans: Politik, filosofi och estetik på 1960- och 1970-talen / [ed] Anders Burman, Lena Lennerhed, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlas, 2014, p. 563-590Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1403.
    Ers, Andrus
    Swedish Defence University.
    Tidens tecken: Historiefilosofi och revolutionär temporalitet studerade genom exemplet KFML 1967-19792016In: Historiens hemvist: II. Etik, politik och historikerns ansvar / [ed] Patricia Lorenzoni & Ulla Manns, Makadam Förlag, 2016, 1, p. 57-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1404.
    Ers, Andrus
    Swedish Defence University.
    År Noll2013In: Glänta, ISSN 1104-5205, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gång på gång inleds historien på nytt. År noll postuleras och en ny början utlovas. Andrus Ers hämtar exempel från den franska respektive amerikanska revolutionen, liksom Röda khmerernas Kambodja, och menar att utropandet av historiens början, såväl som dess slut, är två sidor av modernitetens ansträngda förhållande till historien.

  • 1405.
    Erwing, Victor
    Swedish Defence University.
    Svensk och finsk säkerhetspolitisk utveckling efter Kalla Kriget: en jämförande analys av svensk och finsk säkerhetspolitik mellan 1990 och 20102013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under början av 90‐talet förändrades den säkerhetspolitiska bilden, Sovjetunionen föll samman och det Kalla kriget tog slut. Detta påverkade även Sverige och Finland. Trots de kulturella, historiska och geografiska likheterna har länderna, dock valt olika vägar. I denna uppsats har de båda ländernas säkerhetspolitiska tolkningar analyserats under perioden 1990-2010 för att identifiera varför.

    Genom kvalitativ textanalys och med hjälp av ett analysschema så har de säkerhetspolitiska tolkningarna i respektive land analyserats och jämförts. 90-talet har behandlats som ett bakgrundsavsnitt och på 2000-talet har två försvars- och säkerhetspolitiska propositioner från vardera land analyserats. Analysschemat är hämtat ur teorin som härstammar från forskning av Wilhelm Agrell och Katarina Brodin där tre huvudsakliga beståndsdelar identifierats i en doktrin, världsbild, hotbilder och handlingsalternativ.

    Analysen visar att det finns en samstämmighet i de finska och svenska tolkningarna om omvärlden och hotbilder. Ryssland oroar samtidigt som hotbilden blivit mer mångfacetterad. Vad gäller handlingsalternativ så syns de största skillnaderna då Finland även om man är pro‐europeisk har ett starkt nationellt fokus och där Sverige istället ser den kollektiva säkerheten som viktigast. Finland har kvar invasionsförsvaret medan Sverige har inför ett insatsförsvar.

    Analysen har visat att Finland uppvisar en röd tråd mellan världsbild, hotbilder och handlingsalternativ vilket Sverige inte gör. Den största skillnaden mellan de båda länderna anses vara Finlands historia och oro till Ryssland som blir väldigt tydlig i propositionerna och vilket kan vara anledningen till att de har kvar invasionsförsvaret.

  • 1406.
    Espluga, Joseph
    et al.
    Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona.
    Barnett, Julie
    Brunel University.
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Hede, Susanne
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Horlick-Jones, Tom
    Cardiff University.
    Konrad, Willie
    Dialogic.
    Marcu, Afrodita
    Brunel University.
    Marvulli, Lorenzo
    Cardiff University.
    Filling the gap between discourse and action: The case of domestic consumption practices2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1407.
    Esteman, Maria
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Landet i Öst: En studie i den svenska bilden av Ryssland2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish foreign minister Margot Wallström expressed in 2014 that Russia is erratic and making swedes fear Russia while claiming this to be a new phenome. The statement is a big difference if compared with the words of foreign minister Leila Freivalds during 2004 whom said that Russia was the most important cornerstone in the Swedish security policy work. The change is interesting.

    Russia has gone from being perceived as friend to being perceived as an enemy. This study contains an analysis the Swedish discourse on Russia in the security- and defence politics between the years of 2004-2015. The point of this study is to unveil veiled and hidden structures in the discourse in order to better understand the Swedish image of Russia and to reveal ´the other`.

    The study examines the extreme change in the Swedish perception of Russia from a critical discourse point of view. The critical discourse approach is used to understand how the image of Russia is perceived in the Swedish security- and defence politics. In attempting to understand whyRussia is perceived in a certain way a theoretical connection to Copenhagen´s school of securitazion is made. The study proceeds to take a starting point in Balzacq’s three assumptions to understand the connection to referent object. The material examined is the Swedish Foreign Policy Statements and defence propositions. The result of the study shows that Russia is framed as a threat, even while being mentioned as a friend. Russia is always perceived as ´the other´ and thus a constructed threat to Sweden. 

    The Swedish foreign minister Margot Wallström expressed in 2014 that Russia is erratic and making swedes fear Russia while claiming this to be a new phenome. The statement is a big difference if compared with the words of foreign minister Leila Freivalds during 2004 whom said that Russia was the most important cornerstone in the Swedish security policy work. The change is interesting.

    Russia has gone from being perceived as friend to being perceived as an enemy. This study contains an analysis the Swedish discourse on Russia in the security- and defence politics between the years of 2004-2015. The point of this study is to unveil veiled and hidden structures in the discourse in order to better understand the Swedish image of Russia and to reveal ´the other`.

    The study examines the extreme change in the Swedish perception of Russia from a critical discourse point of view. The critical discourse approach is used to understand how the image of Russia is perceived in the Swedish security- and defence politics. In attempting to understand whyRussia is perceived in a certain way a theoretical connection to Copenhagen´s school of securitazion is made. The study proceeds to take a starting point in Balzacq’s three assumptions to understand the connection to referent object. The material examined is the Swedish Foreign Policy Statements and defence propositions. The result of the study shows that Russia is framed as a threat, even while being mentioned as a friend. Russia is always perceived as ´the other´ and thus a constructed threat to Sweden. 

    The Swedish foreign minister Margot Wallström expressed in 2014 that Russia is erratic and making swedes fear Russia while claiming this to be a new phenome. The statement is a big difference if compared with the words of foreign minister Leila Freivalds during 2004 whom said that Russia was the most important cornerstone in the Swedish security policy work. The change is interesting.

    Russia has gone from being perceived as friend to being perceived as an enemy. This study contains an analysis the Swedish discourse on Russia in the security- and defence politics between the years of 2004-2015. The point of this study is to unveil veiled and hidden structures in the discourse in order to better understand the Swedish image of Russia and to reveal ´the other`.

    The study examines the extreme change in the Swedish perception of Russia from a critical discourse point of view. The critical discourse approach is used to understand how the image of Russia is perceived in the Swedish security- and defence politics. In attempting to understand why Russia is perceived in a certain way a theoretical connection to Copenhagen´s school of securitazion is made. The study proceeds to take a starting point in Balzacq’s three assumptions to understand the connection to referent object. The material examined is the Swedish Foreign Policy Statements and defence propositions. The result of the study shows that Russia is framed as a threat, even while being mentioned as a friend. Russia is always perceived as ´the other´ and thus a constructed threat to Sweden. 

  • 1408.
    Estrada, Armando X.
    et al.
    Washington State Univ, Dept Psychol, Vancouver, WA USA.
    Berggren, Anders W.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Sexual Harassment and its Impact for Women Officers and Cadets in the Swedish Armed Forces2009In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 162-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examined the incidence, dimensions, and impact of sexual harassment on women officers and cadets in the Swedish military (N = 324). We expected that harassment rates for direct measures would be lower than for indirect measures; hostile environment harassment would be more prevalent than quid pro quo harassment; and harassment would negatively influence women's job-related outcomes and their psychological and physical health. We found that harassment rates for direct measures were lower than indirect measures; hostile environment harassment was more prevalent than quid pro quo harassment; and harassment was associated with decreased job satisfaction, organizational commitment, work group effectiveness, and psychological and physical health. We discuss the theoretical, methodological, and practical implications of our findings for studying harassment across cultures.

  • 1409. Estrada, Armando X.
    et al.
    Olson, Kristine J.
    Harbke, Colin R.
    Berggren, Anders W.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Evaluating a Brief Scale Measuring Psychological Climate for Sexual Harassment2011In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 410-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluated the measurement properties of the psychological climate for sexual harassment (PCSH) questionnaire with data from women officers (n = 311) in the Swedish Armed Forces. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that a two-factor solution assessing risks and seriousness/actions associated with sexual harassment episodes described the underlying pattern of correlations among items. Correlational and regression analyses showed that ratings of perceived intolerance for sexual harassment were associated with high ratings of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and (positive) mental health; and decreased ratings of psychological distress. We discuss the theoretical, methodological, and practical implications of our findings for future research.

  • 1410.
    Evander, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Lägesbild: Problemområden vid skapandet2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the framework of the concept of Network Based Defence (NBF) services should be available in the network, in order to increase the aggregate capacity. A common situation picture is one of these services.

    The aim of this paper is to answer the problem "What are the main problem areas in the creation of a situation picture in the land arena, with the help of the technical sensors that exist today?" and to develop a basis for continued research in the field situation in the concept Networking Enabled Command, Control and Collaboration (NEC3) at JCDEC (Joint Concept Development and Experimentation Centre). To answer the problem, a descriptive method is to be used in descriptions of the land arena, the information arena and the sensors and a deductive method is used when analyzing the asensors in the land arena.

    The problems that exist in the creation of a common situation picture, is that different types of obstacles makes it difficult for the sensors, the large number of people who are not combatants and that it is difficult to judge if a civilian vehicle is a threat, then it could be driven by civilians or by combatants.

  • 1411.
    Evebring, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Att prestera bra resultat i komplicerade arbetsmiljöer2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1412.
    Everbrand, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Frankrike och Storbritanniens strategiska kultur: "I det korta perspektivet dominerar svärdet, men på längre sikt är det idéerna som styr"2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1413.
    Fagerholm, Sonja
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University.
    Perényi, Maria
    Swedish Defence University.
    Larsson, Anna-Karin
    Swedish Defence University.
    Att vara en lärande organisation i praktiken: Pedagogisk utveckling på Anna Lindh-biblioteket2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med rundabordssamtalet är att diskutera pedagogisk utveckling inom de verksamheter på universitet och högskola som ska stödja lärare i förändringen från ett lärarcentrerat till ett studentcentrerat perspektiv på lärande. Vi vill också ta del av övriga deltagares erfarenhet inom pedagogisk utveckling i syfte att utveckla vårt arbete. Hur arbetar andra lärosäten samt dess stödverksamheter med pedagogisk utveckling och på vilket sätt kan vi samverka i det pedagogiska utvecklingsarbetet?

    Bolognaprocessen har påverkat högskola och universitet på en rad olika sätt. En viktig förändring är perspektivskiftet från ett lärarcentrerat till ett studentcentrerat synsätt, vilket påverkat upplägget av det pedagogiska utvecklingsarbetet på universitet och högskolor. Elmgren och Henriksson lyfter fram behovet av pedagogisk förnyelse och utveckling av utbildning. Universitetsläraren har en viktig roll i det pedagogiska utvecklingsarbetet på ett lärosäte och möjligheten till högskolepedagogisk utbildning och kontinuerlig fortbildning är en viktig faktor (Elmgren & Henriksson 2010, s. 12). Men det finns också ett behov av pedagogisk utveckling inom de verksamheter som ska stödja förändringen från ett lärarcentrerat till ett studentcentrerat perspektiv på lärande. Anna Lindhbiblioteket har därför initierat ett pedagogiskt projekt som syftar till att vägleda personalen i sin pedagogiska roll och problematisera kring vad det innebär att som bibliotekspersonal vara pedagogisk. Metaforen ”lärande som deltagande” kan sägas vara en central utgångspunkt utifrån ett konstruktivistiskt perspektiv men även utifrån att all bibliotekspersonal, inte endast undervisande bibliotekarier, involveras i arbetet (Larsson 2013, s. 115).

    Det pedagogiska projektet har inletts med en pedagogisk utvecklingsdag under hösten 2013, för att diskutera frågor kring pedagogisk grundsyn och pedagogiskt förhållningssätt i mötet med biblioteksanvändarna. Under 2014 fortsätter arbetet med återkommande workshops där pedagogiska metoder, konkreta handledningssituationer och samspelet mellan källkunskap, bemötande och pedagogisk teori diskuteras.

    Elmgren, Maja & Henriksson, Ann-Sofie (2010). Universitetspedagogik. Stockholm: Norstedts. Larsson, Staffan (2013). Vuxendidaktik. Stockholm: Natur & Kultur.

  • 1414.
    Fagerholm, Tony
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ledning av insatsverksamhet inom Försvarsmakten och den kommunala Räddningstjänsten - en jämförelse2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Statsmakternas krav på ökad samordning mellan olika myndigheter och förmåga tillgemensamma insatser ställer krav på förståelse för organisationernas sätt att leda verksamheten,framförallt vid olika typer av kriser. Syftet med uppsatsen är att öka förståelsen av hurförsvarsmakten och den kommunala räddningstjänsten avser att leda och genomföra sinainsatser ur ett doktrinärt perspektiv och om eventuella skillnader kan förklaras i termer avuppdragsstyrning och detaljstyrning. Studien är nutidsorienterad och tar sin utgångspunkt idagens gällande doktriner eller motsvarande litteratur. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten utgår frånledarskapsteorin om ledarskap och ledarstilar.Resultatet visar att skillnaderna mellan Försvarsmaltens och den kommunala räddningstjänstensdoktrinära syn på metoder för ledning av genomförande verksamhet är relativt små, och att detfinns samsyn i avseende tillämpning av ledarskapets grundläggande element.

  • 1415.
    Fagerli, Terje
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Forsvaret - effektivitet gjennom outsourcing?2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the end of the cold war, and a changed security threat, the Norwegian Armed Force military budget has declined .The  budget allocated to the purchase of new equipment and the modification and upgrade of existing systems must be increased in the future to meet the new (warfighting) scenarios. To meet this challenge CHOD NO have to  reduce the costs and improve the performance of its logistics(support) organization.The benefits of outsourcing are apparent every day in our national economy. Companies report that outsourcing could provide the desired benefits. Outsourcing enables companies and other organizations to focus on their core competencies and activities. The main intention of this study is to discuss if and how implementation of outsourcing can lower costs and provide  more efficient support(logistics)  to the Norwegian Armed Forces.The study discuss the problem through resource-based theory, and  a make-or –buy perspectives model has been used and developed for analyses and conclutions(empirical versus theory- test).The study shows that the Norwegian Armed Forces have to prepare and analyse ”their” organization prior to any outsourcing activity. Outsourcing integration must also be well prepared and analysed. Evaluation must be performed continuously.Some important areas are: • Outsourcing as a part of the Norwegian Armed Forces strategy and development to achieve future goals and visions(?) • Core competence/activity • Political  acceptance and approval • Power/dependence • Management/culture/boundaries • Readiness • Law and regulations • Cost analyses(lowest costs ?)

  • 1416.
    Fagerlund, Sonya
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Från invasionsförsvar till insatsförsvar, en jämförelse av kurslitteratur i stress på militärhögskolan Karlberg.2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med att Försvarsmakten år 2000 ändrade fokus från invasionsförsvar till insatsförsvar uppstod nya krav på Sveriges officerare. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur kurslitteraturen som används för att utbilda blivande officerare på militärhögskolan Karlberg i stress har förändrats från en försvarsmakt byggd på ett invasionsförsvar till en försvarsmakt byggd på ett insatsförsvar. Eftersom insatsförsvaret ställer nya krav på en officer är det intressant att undersöka om utbildningen förändrats till att möta de nya krav och behov som ett insatsförsvar innebär. Kurslitteratur mellan år 2000-2001 och år 2011-2014 jämförs för att upptäcka om någon förändring skett. Då två enheter jämförs med varandra och kurslitteratur används som underlag har en komparativ litteraturstudie använts som metod. Slutsatsen i uppsatsen är att kurslitteraturen har förändrats för att möta de nya behov som uppstått i och med fokusskiftet till insatsförsvar. En av förändringarna som skett är att det är mer fokus i kurslitteraturen år 2011-2014 på hur stress motverkas och hanteras.

  • 1417.
    Fagerström, Simon
    Swedish Defence University.
    A refugee crisis as a policy window: a case study on the Hungarian immigration policy change in 20152017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The escalating conflict in Syria that started in 2011 would cause millions of Syri- ans to flee the country. It is estimated that as much as 7,6 million Syrians were displaced internally and 3,7 million externally. This initially caused an enormous pressure on neighboring countries were refugees were displacing to (Ostrand 2011: 1-2). Though as the years passed the large majority of externally displaced refugees stayed in the neighboring states, though this would change in 2015 (UNHCR 2013: 1-3). In the spring of 2015 several ships either sank or were abandoned in the Mediterranean resulting in fatalities. Though as an increasing amount of refugees reached the southern member states of the EU it created an immense pressure on the immigration handling processes of the affected countries such as Italy and Greece (Livingstone, Cerelus 2016). A large amount of refugees would then start moving up throughout eastern Europe towards northern countries such as Germany and Swe- den. Though it won’t be long until Hungary decides to fence in its southern border to prevent refugees from passing through the country. As criticism flourished from the EU, member states of the EU, and other organizations, Hungary did not alter its policy, but instead came to further deteriorate the relations by defending its political position (Than, Krisztina 2017). This was done even though Hungary is heavily dependent on monetary support from the European Union as well as access to its Schengen zone (European Union 2017). Little research has been done on this matter where countries such as Hungary, Poland and Slovakia amongst others have decided to challenge the basic principles of free movement and the Dublin treaty after the refugee crisis. This senior thesis aim to look at how Hungary could have been able to do a immigration policy change that stands in contrast to that of the EU while they are in many ways dependent on the Schengen zone and financial support from the EU.

  • 1418.
    Fagrell, Peter
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Avhjälpande underhåll för svenskt amfibiebåtsystem?: en systemteoretisk ansats2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay has been on the one hand, to identify what problemsthere have been within corrective maintenance for amphibious vessel systemsup till now. The second purpose has been to identify the possibilities availablefor improving the corrective maintenance. The essay has answered thefollowing two questions at issue:1. What problems have there been within corrective maintenance foramphibious vessel systems up till now?2. What future possibilities are available for improving the correctivemaintenance?The questions at issue in this essay have been answered by using a systemstheoreticaland qualitative case study as a method. The technique of gatheringempirical material has been in the way of survey interviews.The first question at issue in the essay can be summarised as follows:There have been problems, in as much as; there has never been a study into therequirements of maintenance. Consequently, this has resulted in scarcity oftools and spare parts at various resource levels and also insufficient training fortechnicians. Furthermore, there is a deficiency within the flow ofcommunication and information. These constrain the possibility of quicklyobtaining decision support and technical systems support. Documentation andso called expert support systems also show deficiencies. Subsequently, theseimply difficulties when training and when implementing repair measures.Finally, deficiencies are apparent in routines, searching, inventory andreplenishment of spare parts. The consequences are time-delays and that thewrong types of spare parts are replaced.The second question at issue in the essay can be summarised as follows:The defence of the future will provide opportunities for an improved flow ofinformation. This will result in technicians receiving decision support andtechnical support systems easier. This will reduce the constraints, among otherthings, which were experienced when choosing methods of repair and orderingof resources. In the future, there will be an opportunity to utilise centraldatabases, which will result in an improved accessibility and use of updateddocumentation. Moreover, an overview and more efficient use of tools andspare parts will be possible. Combining databases and networks will also beenhanced in the future. This can then lead to better surveillance of the runningof the vessel and its state of condition.FÖRSVARSHÖGSKOLAN C-UPPSATS Beteckning 19100:2007Mj Peter Fagrell, ChP 01- 03 2003-07-21 sida 2(50)Finally, there is believed to be the possibility of built- in tests, reference andcontrol systems in the vessels. This possibility can in turn provide improvedfaulty alarm functions, opportunities for remote diagnostics and self-reparation.

  • 1419.
    Fajkovic, Armand
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Sensorer i whiteout2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När en helikopterbesättning skall landa en helikopter i en whiteout finns alltid risken att besättningen förlorar sina referenser till omvärlden. Resultatet av detta blir att besättningen riskerar att bli spatialt desorienterad. Vid spatial desorientering riskerar besättningen att förlora uppfattningen om vart i luftrummet helikoptern befinner sig och om den driver åt något håll. Uppsatsen har övergripande undersökt elektromagnetiska sensorer och analyserat hur dessa skulle kunna bidra till att bibehålla besättningens spatiala medvetande. Stoftmolnets varierande karaktäristik bidrar till att sensorerna måste vara anpassningsbara. Rapporten fann att elektrooptiska sensorer var kraftigt begränsade vid whiteout och att radarsensorer var mer lämpade för uppgiften. 

  • 1420.
    Falkheimer, Jesper
    et al.
    Campus Helsingborg, Lunds universitet.
    Johansson, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Örebro universitet.
    Kriskommunikation2015In: Perspektiv på krishantering / [ed] Deverell, Edward; Hansén, Dan; Olsson, Eva-Karin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 73-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1421.
    Falkheimer, Jesper
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Strateg Commun, Strateg Commun, Helsingborg, Sweden.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Depoliticizing terror: The news framing of the terrorist attacks in Norway, 22 July 20112015In: Media, War & Conflict, ISSN 1750-6352, E-ISSN 1750-6360, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 70-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes how the Norwegian news media framed the terrorist attacks in Oslo and the island of Utöya, which killed 77 mainly young people on 22 July 2011. Did the news media favour or counteract the propaganda of the terrorist? After discussing earlier research about terrorism and media and presenting theories on news framing, results from a content analysis of 924 news articles in two major Norwegian newspapers during the first two weeks after the attacks are analyzed. The coverage of the attacks is found to be very descriptive, focused on the perpetrator as an individual, giving him questionable political exposure and not analyzing reasons and consequences on a political–societal level. The news framing functioned as a way of depoliticizing the terror attacks by portraying the attack as conducted by a lone lunatic in contrast to a politically motivated terrorist linked to right-wing extremism.

  • 1422.
    Falkholt, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    En deskriptiv studie av planeringsprocessen avseende anpassning inom det civila försvaret2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 and the following disintegration of Soviet Union have led to a more dynamic world. The threat of a military invasion to Sweden has decreased, but instead the range of future possible threats has increased and their nature has become more unpredictable. In the view of this development, the ability to adapt and change the volume and know-how of the total defence has under the 1990:s become a main issue in the planning process of the Swedish total defence.

    This essay aims to describe the civil planning process that has been accomplished so far but also to describe the process which is currently under way in order to improve the adaptability of the civil defence. One aim of this essay has been to study if the authorities and the community have been able to reach their target group, which is the population of Sweden.

    The study has been carried out as a case study of the civilian function with a focus on the protection of the population and the rescue services. The planning process has been studied by interviews on central, regional and communitylevel. A number of interviews of the civil population have completed the study.

    The studies have shown that each level has its own planning process separated from the others and also that authorities and communities in an acceptable way have reached the population with their information.

  • 1423.
    Farcas, Florentina
    et al.
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Sivertun, Åke
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Road traffic noise: GIS tools for noise mapping and a case study for Skåne region2009In: ISPRS Workshop on quality, scale and analysis aspects of city models, Lund, Sweden, December 3-4, 2009, Lund, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic noise pollution is a growing problem that highly affects the health of people. To cope with this problem one has to regulate traffic or construct noise barriers. In order to implement effective measures against traffic noise the information about its distribution – noise maps - is imperative. This paper presents our work in creating a noise calculator software package implementation that can create noise maps. The noise calculator is based on the noise model described in Nordic prediction method for road traffic noise. As a case study, the noise calculator was used to build both large noise maps for Skåne region in south of Sweden and detailed noise maps for smaller areas in the city of Lund.

  • 1424.
    Farr, Keith
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för språk (KV Språk).
    A study into the motivation of Swedish military staff officers to learn English2016In: Konin Language Studies, ISSN 2353-1983, Vol. 4, no 4/2006, p. 391-413, article id KSJ 4 (4). 2016. 391-413Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Among those teaching a group of Swedish military officers, little is known about motivation to learn English as part of a one-year military staff course. This research therefore aims to explore possible motivational characteristics while attempting to identify ways in which they may be theoretically linked to Dörnyei’s (2009) L2 motivational self system. A particular area of interest is the officers’ view of their motivation having taken part in a one-year English course and also an international military staff exercise which was conducted in English. The study used a two phase mixed-methods design, with an interview study and a follow-up questionnaire. Qualitative data were gathered by conducting seven individual interviews using a semi-structured interview schedule. Analysis of the qualitative data allowed themes to emerge. The questionnaire used in phase two was based on these themes and enabled the qualitative data to be triangulated. Twenty-eight Swedish military officers responded to the questionnaire. A variety of key variables were confirmed and it was possible to view them using the chosen theoretical framework. The Ideal L2 self and L2 learning experience were found to be particularly important motivators. It was also found that despite the officers’ high levels of motivation, their willingness to exert effort on learning is relatively low. It may therefore be concluded that teachers could address this through a focus on motivational teaching practice. Overall, this research provides insight into L2 motivation within a participant group which has not previously been studied.

  • 1425.
    Fausing, Peter H.
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Nutidens fodnote2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to examine and explain the rationale of political parties behind, on the one hand, their desire to have Denmark participate in peace support operations and, on the one hand, the parties 1992 decision not to take any part in the elaboration and the implementation of decisions and actions of The European Union which have defence implications. It can thereby be determined whether or not there is an inconsistency between the two subjects. The parties who are subject to this examination are Socialdemokratiet(Social Democrats), Det Radikale Venstre(Social Liberals) and Socialistisk Folkeparti(Socialist People’s Party).

    The theory used is focusing on the fact that political parties have to make trade-offs in order to achieve their political goal or at least as many of these as possible. The theory puts foreward that parties have a small and well-defined set of objectives which in the simplest term can be seen as ”policy-seeking”, ”office-seeking” and ”vote-seeking”.

    The method used  is a descriptive analysis of the two areas where the decision to participate in peace support operations in The Persian Golf 1990, Bosnia 1995 and Kosovo 1998 is based on the parties arguments in Folketinget (The Danish Parliament). Due to the fact that there is no official documentation of the negotiations prior to the decision on The European Union question (the reservation) this area is mainly based on interviews with persons who took part in the negotiations and books on the subject. The aim of the descriptive analysis is to determine the rationale of the parties in both areas and thereby why the parties decides to participate in peace support operations and not to participate in The European Unions decisions and actions which have defence implications. This is followed by a comparative analysis of the conclusions from the descriptive analysis in order to determine any inconsistency in the parties rationale and the aims of the decisions. This leads to the conclusion of the thesis; Is there or is there not an inconsistency between Denmark’s wish to participate in peace support operations and the decision not to take any part in the elaboration and the implementation of decisions and actions of The European Union which have defence implications.

    The conclusion is; that there is an inconsistency. The inconsistency is due to the consequence of the implementation of the reservation, and not due to the aim of the reservation . As to the rationale of the parties the paper concludes that the parties seek different objectives. One party generally seeks policy and less office and/or votes, one party generally seeks office and less policy – votes and one party generally falls close to the center of the line policy and/or votes and only marginally in the direction of office. On the way to the conclusion the paper points to possible reasons to why it will not be possible to correct the inconsistency for a (long) time to come.

  • 1426.
    Ferm, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College.
    US Army mot Bagdad: en fallstudie om hur manöverteori blev manöverkrigföring i Irak2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under operation Iraq Freedom uppvisades i media en bild av en snabb och tempofylldframryckning mot Bagdad. Denna bild kontrasterade mot den som normalt förknippas med USArmy och dess krigföring. Skulle denna bild kunna vara med verkligheten överrensstämmande?Har nya tankegångar och doktriner fått ett sådant genomslag att US Army anammatmanöverkrigföringens elementa och faktiskt nyttjar det, även på taktisk nivå? Har teori såledesblivit praktik?Syftet med denna uppsats är följaktligen att verifiera eller falsifiera en hypotes, utgående i frånatt amerikanska enheter ur US Army anammat manöverteorins nyckelbegrepp och numeraanvänder sig av manöverkrigföring på taktisk nivå och således lyckats implementera en ny teori ipraktiken. Detta har gjorts genom att genomföra en fallstudie av den tredje amerikanskainfanteridivisionen (mek) och dess agerande vid olika händelser från dess att framryckningenstartar i Kuwait den 20 mars och intill Bagdad faller den 9 april.Analysen visar att divisionens agerande under dessa studerade händelseförlopp i hög gradpräglades av manöverkrigföring och att förbandet följde gällande doktrin vilken i sin tur byggerpå hörnstenarna i manöverteorin. Således har hypotesen kunna verifieras och teori har blivitpraktik. Avslutningsvis diskuteras resultatet utifrån uppsatsens slutsatser, problemställningarsamt där nya frågeställningar också förs fram.

  • 1427.
    Fernandez, Matias
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Telekrig riktat mot GNSS, GPS i fokus: Försvarsmaktens användning av GPS2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1428.
    Ferneborg, Daniel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    SIS och Info Ops: varför finns det vissa likheter?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en jämförelse mellan den verksamhet som Statens Informationsstyrelse (SIS) bedrev under andra världskriget och den verksamhet som idag bedrivs inom ramen för Informationsoperationer (Info Ops). Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka om likheterna mellan SIS och Info Ops har en koppling till konfliktens (krigets) natur.

    Huvudfrågorna i uppsatsen är:

    1. Vilka likheter finns mellan den statliga informationsverksamheten som bedrevs av Statens Informationsstyrelse under andra världskriget och den verksamhet som idag bedrivs inom ramen för informationsoperationer?
    2. Kan likheterna kopplas till konfliktens (krigets) natur och i så fall hur?

    För att besvara mina frågor har jag använt mig av följande tillvägagångssätt:

    För min inledande del av uppsatsen har jag valt Deskription. Metodiken jag använt är arkiv- och litteraturstudier, vilket vanligen och även i mitt fall föregåtts av en litteratursökning. För den avslutande delen av uppsatsen har jag använt mig av komparation i syfte att finna likheter mellan SIS och Info Ops. För min slutledning har jag använt mig av deduktion.

    Det centrala i likheterna mellan SIS och Info Ops är att båda använde/använder data och information för att påverka ett agerande hos människor. Genom att påverka agerandet hos människorna i konflikten (kriget), kan man påverka utgången av konflikten (kriget).

  • 1429.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Special Forces: Leadership, Processes and the British Special Air Service (SAS)2017In: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Special Operations Forces / [ed] Gitte Højstrup Christensen, Copenhagen: Royal Danish Defence College Publishing House, 2017, 1, p. 74-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the research question of what kind of leadership, processes, and work climate best support employee-driven/bottom-up innovation in SOF. It starts with the suggestion that the term, Special Operations Forces (SOF), needs to be intellectually unpacked and its diverse elements (of which Special Forces are just one part) disaggregated in order to elicit definitional clarity. From this conceptual starting point, it becomes immediately clear that Special Forces represent the ‘special’ component in the SOF designation. This research contends they are a new type of soldier (and a product of modern warfare) that is defined by differentness in relation to conventional forces and activities within a battlespace, working in traditionally restricted areas. David Stirling, one of the founders of the famed British Special Air Service (SAS), is highlighted as an exemplar of the sort of leadership that provoked rare operational level effects. The paper also suggests that unorthodox forces operating in a unique operational environment demand unusual personality types and atypical command/control processes encapsulated by the so-called ‘Chinese Parliament’ that emerged in the SAS.

  • 1430.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Joint Operations Section.
    Special Operations in Contemporary Warfare: Challenges and Opportunities2017In: Tidskrift i Sjöväsendet, ISSN 0040-6945, no 2, p. 168-174Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study suggests that the world is now in a third age of Special Forces and one that in all likelihood will witness an increasing utility of these unusual military units in orthodox and unorthodox warfare in international relations.

  • 1431.
    Fjaervoll, Emil
    Swedish Defence University.
    Japan is back: Japans säkerhetsstrategi ur liberalismen och realismen perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Japan is a major power in international society and has a major influence on the region in east Asia but also the entire world. Japan states that the security environment surrounding Japan is severe and this has had an impact on the Japanese security strategy. Since Shinzo Abes’ return to power in 2012, the Japanese security strategy has changed. There is an absence of research with multiple theories regarding Japanese security strategy since 2012. The purpose of this thesis is to provide a deeper understanding for the Japanese security strategy applying two theories from international relations: liberalism and realism. With a one-case study with the method of qualitative text analysing focus on three different documents presented by the Japanese government that represents the Japanese security strategy. With the use of Westberg analysing dimensions on security strategies creates a framework for an operationalization of the liberalism and realism. Results of the study show that Japanese security strategy cannot be explained by only one theory. Both realism and liberalism arguments influence security strategy and its complexity shows that both theories are necessary to gain a more comprehensive view. 

  • 1432.
    Fjellman, Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Mental practice for military performance2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to examine whether the Swedish Armed Forces can use mental training to develop the soldiers and officers in the military profession, a secondary objective was to examine how mental training methods can be integrated into the Swedish Armed Forces' daily activities. The study was carried out in the form of a literature review. The search of literature was done in scientific and military data bases, and retrieval from the Department of Leadership and Management (ILM) in Karlstad. The literature and articles were reviewed which resulted in only 19 out of 64 collected works were judged to have acceptable scientific quality and be of relevance for the topic. The results of the survey show that the use of mental training techniques goal setting, imagery, self-talk and relaxation strategies can produce positive effects for individual development of soldiers and officers. First, by allowing them to improve performance and stress management ability, secondly by creating motivation. An integration of the mental training techniques requires a training of officers carried out by experts and an individual motivation in soldiers.

  • 1433.
    Floberg, Jacob
    Swedish National Defence College.
     Användandet av fältarbetsförmågan:  En jämförelse av fältarbetsförmågan i Sverige och i Afghanistan2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is written as thesis during the last term of the officer program at the National Defense College. The purpose of this essay was to investigate whether there is any difference how the engineer ability are used in a national operation in Sweden and an international operation in Afghanistan, and if there are any conclusions to draw about the difference. Throughout this essay has the four classification engineering for movability, delaying engineering, engineering for survival and other engineering been used to explain the engineering ability? The results showed after the comparison was that there is little need for the ability to lay bridges and delaying engineering in Afghanistan compared with Sweden. The conclusions drawn are that the engineer forces size in Afghanistan is dependent on the overall scale of the operation. But a increased contribution from engineer forces is possible by changing the training and how the engineer forces may be used

  • 1434.
    Flodell, Cornelia
    Swedish Defence University.
    Kejsarens nya kläder: emotionella normer för stödsamtalets funktion i polisyrket: En grundad teori om svenska polisers upplevda möjlighet att uttrycka känslor i stödsamtal2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2006, the Swedish parliament demanded of the Police Authority that counseling be implemented as means of improving the psychosocial working environment. In 2009, it had not been executed to any greater extent due to lacking financial resources. In the operational environment in which police officers work, counseling is an important factor in emotional processing. 

    The aim of this study was to attain knowledge of how counseling can be used within the Police force by studying Swedish police officers’ perception of counseling and its application.

    Grounded theory has been the methodological approach. Five semi-structured interviews were conducted; two participants were women, three were men. The results showed that organizational conditions are key in police managers’ shaping of a group, and of an environment for the coworkers' perceived opportunity to express feelings. Formal counseling is used mainly to deal with practicalities after a difficult incident, whilst informal dialogue is the main arena for emotional processing. The role of supportive counseling in the police force can be understood by the core variable ”the upholding of the emotional organizational norm through organization culture”

    The practical implications of this study are to increase police managers’ awareness of their role in shaping a positive environment for the conversation climate. Further research could look into the social adaptation that occurs as a result of the organization culture within the police force. 

  • 1435.
    Flodin, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    En deskriptiv studie av SWAFRAP, AJS 37 planeringsprocess på F 212001Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a world that creates higher and higher demands for international participation, a decision from the Swedish Headquarters came on 30 March 2000 to the wing F 21 that they were to establish a new unit. This unit was specifically to be able to deploy within thirty days to a base anywhere in Europe, in order to participate in peace keeping missions. The Swedish Rapid Reaction Unit, SWAFRAP AJS 37 was born.

    The main objective of my study is to describe and analyse the planning process that has taken place from the traditional perspectives of problem description, implementation and evaluation.

    The study has been done as a case study at wing F 21, and its scope has been limited to AJS 37. The study has been accomplished through interviews with commanders at different levels and within different specialities within the SWAFRAP planning process.

    The result indicates that a process like this is very complex and demands more research if we are going to understand all components and their interaction.

  • 1436.
    Flodin, Jimmie
    Swedish Defence University.
    Cyberkrigföring i kombination med elektronisk krigföring: En analys av morgondagens krigföringsmetod2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The accelerating technology development together with the increased digitalization of society has changed the way in which conventional warfare today is carried out, and a decisive in the battle is no longer achieved only by the use of bullets and gunpowder. Today’s military personnel are dependent on unhindered use of wireless information and communication technology (ICT). Military vehicles and weapons systems are increasingly dependent on software, wireless network access and control/sensor systems in order to operate. This has given rise to a new defense arena, Cyberspace. As physical access to the opponent's system may be limited, wireless access may become the key to success in military operations. This in the form of combining cyber- and electronic warfare. As Sweden has now begun to rebuild the national defense capability and a high-tech opponent who has come a long way in the development of electronic warfare is at our doorstep, this new type of warfare must be highlighted. This thesis aims to explore how the combination of cyber-and electronic warfare can be utilized during military operations in today's conventional warfare and whether the ability can be implemented at tactical echelon. This is done by a case study on a military operation from 2011, when Iran, using their cyber and electronic warfare capability, supposedly managed to hijack an American Stealth-UAV, RQ-170 Sentinel. The result shows that the ability to influence the opponent within the cyberspace, denying them access to the electromagnetic spectrum, and thus denying their use of wireless ICT, can provide a decisive advantage in military operations in today's conventional warfare.

  • 1437.
    Florin, Sofie
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Blomgren, Ebbe
    En modell för utveckling av samverkan i offentlig verksamhet: exemplet civil-militära aktörer2008Report (Other academic)
  • 1438.
    Flygar, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kan obemannade undervattensfarkoster förbättra ubåtens förmågor?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will contribute to the question if and how an unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) will improve submarine capability. The thesis is based on the USA Navy Unmanned Undersea Vehicle Master Plan and the Norwegian AUV called HUGIN. The purpose of the thesis is to identify UUV capabilities suitable for submarines and how they can contribute to the Swedish submarine capabilities. The methodology of this essay is based on a comparison, between a conventional submarine with UUV capability and one without, to clarify the operational advantages. The result of the analysis, with focus on international missions, shows that the biggest advantage of implementing UUV functions for the submarine are in the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions. This implementation will improve the situation awareness. The functionality of collecting ocean environment including bottom mapping will improve tactical decision aid and battlespace preparation. The UUV will also improve communication and information operations capability.The anti-submarine warfare function will be improved with enhanced capability to monitor more than one chokepoint. Special operations from submarines will gain some advantages within freedom of action, depending on the possibility of launching the special operation at a longer distance from shore.The attack capability is only in an indirect way influenced, which is by a better surveillance function. The mine-laying capability will only improve within deployment and positioning of the mine. The mine-laying capability is not requested in the international missions and therefore this capability is not recommended for implementation.

  • 1439.
    Flygelholm, Stefan
    et al.
    Försvarsmakten.
    Norlander, Arne
    Försvarsmakten.
    Hansson, Lars-Åke
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, FOI.
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Genomförande av expeditionära operationer: Tillämpat koncept 2012-06-212012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1440.
    Flyghed, Pär
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Japans ubåtsvapen under andra världskriget: Förutsättningar och verklighet2008In: Krigsvetenskaplig årsbok 2007 / [ed] Dan Öberg, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan , 2008, p. 85-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1441.
    Flyghed, Pär
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ålandskonventionen - en konvention i förändring?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1442.
    Flykt, Bengt
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Jugoslaviens sönderfall utifrån Carl von Clausewitz treenighet (kameleontens karaktär)2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1443.
    Folmerz, Nicklas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Jakten på den fullständiga strategin: Ett analytiskt ramverk för vad som bör vara utmärkande för en fullständig strategi vid internationella insatser2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Historien visar att en avsaknad av en ledande idé kan få förödande konsekvenser. Det är svårt att jämföra dagens Sverige med de krigförande nationerna under andra världskriget, samt de förödande effekterna som en avsaknad av en strategi medförde räknat i förstörelse, död och lidande. Detta väcker frågan om Sverige har en utvecklad strategi för sitt internationella engagemang i allmänhet, och vid internationella insatser där det militära maktmedlet används i synnerhet. För Försvarsmakten kan det finnas ett mervärde med en övergripande strategi, en så kallad fullständig strategi. Denna strategi skapas av regering och riksdag, och syftar till att koordinera statens resurser inom flera politikområden med målsättningen att nå ett bättre samordnat resultat. Syftet med uppsatsen är att ta fram ett analytiskt ramverk med indikatorer som kan nyttjas till att identifiera vad som bör vara utmärkande för en fullständig strategi i samband med Sveriges internationella insatser. Uppsatsens resultat visar att indikatorer för att kunna identifiera vad som är utmärkande för en fullständig strategi är samordning/samverkan, ledning/styrning, målformulering, resurs och synergi, givet uppsatsens avgränsningar till det så kallade övergripande strategiska sammanhanget. Resultatet visar även att Sverige har en fullständig strategi med insatsen i Afghanistan.

  • 1444.
    Folmerz, Nicklas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Segerbegreppet i svensk diskurs: Analys av politisk retorik kring seger och förlust vid svenskt deltagande i en internationell insats2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I nutid förefaller samtalet om seger och förlust vid användningen av det militära maktmedlet omformulerat till något annat än uttryck som seger och förlust. Detta kan upplevas som förunderligt, då målet med militärmakt borde vara konstant över tiden. Vad har orsakat denna transformering av att uttrycka sig i termer av seger eller förlust vid användningen av det militära maktmedlet? Är segerbegreppet rent av inte tillämpligt i moderna konflikter eller är det så att Sverige, ståendes utanför militära allianser, inte har ett behov av sådan retorik?

    Syftet med undersökningen är att, med hjälp av hypotesprövning hitta svaret på hur segerbegreppet används i den nutida svenska politiska retoriken. Hypoteserna som ligger till grund för undersökningen, skapas ur teorier om svensk strategisk kultur.

    Undersökningen visar att den politiska retoriken kring seger och förlust och nyttjandet av segerbegreppet, påverkas av strategisk kultur. Resultatet visar en skillnad mellan den politiska retoriken med utgångspunkt i den nationella kontexten av strategisk kultur i förhållande till en utgångspunkt i den internationella kontexten. Undersökningens resultat visar även att den politiska retoriken kring segerbegreppet påverkas av utvecklingen i den aktuella insatsen och är således föränderlig.

  • 1445.
    Fornander, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Överraskning - Principernas enda sanning: En kvalitativ flerfallstudie om överraskningens applicerbarhet på den marina arenan2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many officers have been educated in warfare principles as a tool in interpreting battle and its environments. The questioning of principles, however, and their application to war have been revealed by some great theorists. There are those who claim that there is only one true principle in war, the principle of surprise. This paper examines the principle of surprise, with five recognized theorists’ views of surprise, in the context of maritime operations. In order to create a gathered picture of the principle as a basis to further reading, the principle is made practical by creating components and guidelines within surprise, which may be used as such by an officer before a surprise operation. From the principle the author highlights eight individual components; intelligence, physical mobility, intellectual effectivity, disinformation, professionalism, discretion, originality and favorable circumstances; all within a maritime context. To further examine the principle, the components are tested in ten separate cases and are evaluated in their individual importance to accomplishing a successful surprise.

  • 1446.
    Fornander Marchesini, Olivia
    Swedish Defence University.
    International Humanitarian Law Regulate Intra-Party Violation in Armed Groups2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A more recent question in international humanitarian law is the discussion about international humanitarian law and its applicability on intra-party violations. Cases such as Prosecutor v Ntaganda have called to question the jurisdiction of the ICC in cases where child soldiers have been victims of sexual violence and sexual slavery. This thesis provides argumentation for expanding the definition of war crimes to also include those crimes that occur in intraparty situations. The risks with the expanded definition are mostly based on the willingness, or unwillingness of the state parties to allow a wider area of jurisdiction in international humanitarian law while the arguments for the expanded definition focus on the victim’s status as either a combatant or hors de combat.

  • 1447.
    Fornstedt, Anna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Civil Security and Crisis Management in the Baltic Sea Region: The 1999 Strömsborg Workshop in Stockholm and the 2000 Tallinn Conference2001Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1448.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destruktivt ledarskap vid krishantering2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med studien var att öka kunskapen om destruktivt ledarskap i krishanteringsorganisationer. En intervjustudie genomfördes med 21 informanter från länsstyrelser, kommuner, kommunal räddningstjänst och polisen. Resultaten visar att destruktivt ledarskap kan förstås som en process som börjar med att individen tolkar ledarens beteenden som destruktiva. Det påverkar individens förmåga och motivation att utföra sitt arbete. Intensiteten i konsekvenserna av dessa upplevda destruktiva beteenden påverkas av de upplevda orsakerna till beteendet, individens coping-strategier och det stöd organisationen ger. De olika delarna i denna process diskuteras mer utförligt i rapporten i relation till krishanteringskontexten. Som exempel kan nämnas att ledare kan vara konstruktiva när det gäller lösandet av uppgiften (krisen) men destruktiva i sin relation till medarbetarna/samarbetsaktörer. I rapporten diskuteras även hur ledarskapsideal kan leda till utövandet av destruktivt ledarskap.

  • 1449.
    Fors Brandebo, maria
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Karlstads universitet.
    Leadership: Is bad stronger than good?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 1450.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Karlstads universitet.
    Military Leaders and Trust2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study trust in military leaders. Empirical data was gathered through interviews and questionnaires with military personnel mostly from Sweden, but also from four other European countries.

    Paper I illustrates that trust in military leaders can be theoretically understood in terms of a hierarchical system of categories, higher-level categories and two superior categories labelled Individual-related and Communication- and relationship-related characteristics.

    Paper II examines how trust between military leaders and their subordinates is related to negative critical incidents in international operations. The results show that trust can be affected by pre-existing influences, of both an individual and contextual nature. The level of trust that develops between leaders and subordinates appears to have an influence on perceptions and re-evaluations of leaders’ trustworthiness during and after involvement in critical incidents.

    In Paper III, an instrument, Destrudo-L, was developed to measure destructive leadership behaviours on five different dimensions: Arrogant, unfair, Threats, punishments, overdemands, Ego-oriented, false, Passive, cowardly, and Uncertain, unclear, messy.

    In Paper IV the relationship between constructive and destructive leadership behaviours and trust is examined. The results show that constructive leadership contributed most to trust in the immediate supervisor. A great deal of trust in immediate supervisors can be understood by evaluating both constructive and destructive leadership behaviours.

    This thesis contributes with context-specific knowledge on trust in leaders in a military context and knowledge of psychological processes and individual dispositions that shape and change the willingness to trust leaders. The main findings presented in this thesis are the identification of characteristics of the trustor, the trustee, and the context which influences trust in military leaders.

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