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  • 1351.
    Treverton, Greg
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för totalförsvar och samhällets säkerhet, CATS (Centrum för Asymmetriska Hot- och Terrorismstudier).
    The Intelligence Challenges of Hybrid Threats: Focus on Cyber and Virtual Realm2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    What challenges does “Hybrid Threats” pose for the world of intelligence analysis and tradecraft, and how should intelligence agencies adapt? This study is a part of CATS’ project on intelligence connected to Influence Operations, and is sponsored by the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB). It addresses the new realm of hybrid threats and challenges, and the roles for the world of intelligence analysis and tradecraft.

    In this this study, Dr Gregory Treverton – former Chairman of the US National Intelligence Council and now Senior Fellow with CATS – analyzes social media and cyber attacks as well as signals and human intelligence in relation to real world events.

    The intelligence challenge starts with recognizing the range of hybrid threats and what is new about them – targets are now societies, not armies; several tools are being used both simultaneously and strategically for maximum effect; and it explores how the cyber dimension, along with the social media (SM) and other virtual arenas offer new, inexpensive avenues of attack. This important analytical contribution begins with the tools, then turns to the challenges of hybrid threats across the elements of intelligence – collection, analysis and relations between intelligence and policy.

    Then, it turns to the special challenges for intelligence agencies – but also the special opportunities – that exist across a range of cyber and virtual domains. In particular it focuses on the implications for the intelligence organizations performing the traditional ‘INT’ functions (HUMINT and SIGINT) and for counterintelligence. It concludes with perspectives on how the special challenges of hybrid threats might conduce to a much wider change in the traditional intelligence paradigm.

  • 1352.
    Treverton, Gregory
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för totalförsvar och samhällets säkerhet, CATS (Centrum för Asymmetriska Hot- och Terrorismstudier).
    Influence Operations and the Intelligence/Policy Challenges2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This conference report aim to assess influence operations, especially those conducted by Russia, in the context of changing relations between intelligence and policy and the emerging challenges for intelligence. Three key challenges were discussed in regard to influence operations. First, Identify – how to separate state sponsored disinformation from individual rumor mills. Second, Understand – how to understand influence operations, put it into a context for policy makers, and learn to understand the underlying factors and why it happens. Third, Counter – how to vaccinate civil servants and enhance the critical approach within media to create resilience against influence operations.

    The first part of this conference report lays out on how to identify and understand influence operations in the context of policy. The second part focus on who needs what to counter influence operations. The last part contains concluding themes.

    Dr. Gregory Treverton is the former chairman of the U.S. National Intelligence Council, as well as former Director of the RAND Corporation’s Center for Global Risk and Security. Dr. Treverton is also a Senior Fellow at the Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies (CATS) at the Swedish Defence University.

  • 1353.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CATS (Centrum för Asymmetriska Hot- och Terrorismstudier).
    Addressing ”Complexities” in Homeland Security2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1354.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för totalförsvar och samhällets säkerhet, CATS (Centrum för Asymmetriska Hot- och Terrorismstudier).
    Approaches to "Outreach" for Intelligence2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1355.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CATS (Centrum för Asymmetriska Hot- och Terrorismstudier).
    Bridging the Divide between Scientific and Intelligence Analysis2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1356.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för totalförsvar och samhällets säkerhet, CATS (Centrum för Asymmetriska Hot- och Terrorismstudier). RAND Corporation.
    New Frontiers in Intelligence: Notes from seminar in Stockholm May 27-28 20082008Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1357.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CATS (Centrum för Asymmetriska Hot- och Terrorismstudier).
    Agrell, Wilhelm
    National intelligence systems: current research and future prospects2009Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1358.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Centrum för totalförsvar och samhällets säkerhet, CATS (Centrum för Asymmetriska Hot- och Terrorismstudier). RAND Corporation.
    Miles, Renanah
    Columbia University; RAND Corporation.
    Social Media and Intelligence2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is part of CATS’ project on intelligence for terrorismand homeland security, sponsored by the Swedish CivilContingencies Agency (MSB). It addresses the use and potentialuse of social media in intelligence – looking across the range ofpossible uses both externally and as collaborative tools within andacross agencies. The first half of the paper lays out four categoriesof intelligence interactions using social media, and then discussesthem briefly, drawing primarily on U.S. experiences. The secondpart of the paper turns more specifically to the mix of new mediaand old at play in conflicts around the world, especially in theMiddle East and Russia/Crimea/Ukraine.

    Gregory Treverton is chairman of the U.S. National IntelligenceCouncil. However, this paper was written when he was a Directorof the RAND Corporation’s Center for Global Risk and Security,and a visiting fellow at CATS.

    Renanah Miles is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science atColumbia University and a summer associate at the RANDCorporation. She concentrates in international relations with afocus on security studies and the Middle East. Previously she wasa program analyst in the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

  • 1359.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CATS (Centrum för Asymmetriska Hot- och Terrorismstudier).
    Thvedt, Andrew
    University of Southern California, USA.
    Chen, Alicia R.
    University of Southern California, USA.
    Lee, Kathy
    McCue, Madeline
    University of Southern California, USA.
    Addressing Hybrid Threats2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid threats have become the 21st security challenge for Western countries. They reflect significant change in the nature of international security. Change tends to increase feelings of insecurity and, historically, frictions in society, all the more so because hybrid threats are complex and ambiguous. Some people look to the past for answers, while others have forgotten the past. There are those who argue more vigorously for adapting to change, and there are those who try to defend the status quo. In some cases facts turn into views, opinions and perspectives – or worse, vice versa. This means that the picture of the security environment is not simply black or white. It is complex, multi-layeredand multidimensional. Thus, analysis of what has changed, how it is changed and what does it mean for democratic states is at the core of understanding the nature of the current security environment in Europe.

    This report gives us a rich understanding of what we mean when we talk about hybrid threats drawing upon two case studies: Russia’s interventions in Crimea and Ukraine and in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. It also addresses whatkind of threats we are facing and what tools are being used against the democratic states.

  • 1360.
    Trimintzios, Panagiotis
    et al.
    ENISA.
    Holfeldt, Roger
    Secana.
    Koraeus, Mats
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Uckan, Baris
    Secana.
    Gavrila, Razvan
    ENISA.
    Makrodimitris, Georgios
    ENISA.
    Report on Cyber Crisis Cooperation and Management: Comparative study on the cyber crisis management and the general crisis management2015Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this study is to provide an analysis of cyber crisis management by identifying relations between this emerging field and the better established subject of general crisis management. This includes terminology and key concepts in these fields. This study further seeks to gain knowledge and understanding of the involved actors’ perspectives on the challenges for Cyber Crisis management within the European context.

    The purpose of the study is twofold: to compare concepts from the general crisis management systems with the corresponding systems related to cyber crisis management, and to conduct a conceptual analysis of the language and terminology within these two fields. The primary aim is to analyse the similarities and differences between general and cyber crisis management, employing examples from countries and organizations within the EU.

    Based on interviews with members of key national and EU institutions, and on an analysis of the differences between their practitioner perspectives and the theories of general crisis management, the study arrives at six key areas of recommendations for future activities in the cyber security realm.

  • 1361.
    Uckan Färnman, Baris
    et al.
    Secana.
    Koraeus, Mats
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Backman, Sarah
    Secana.
    Gavrila, Razvan ()
    ENISA.
    Trimintzios, Panagiotis ()
    Stavropoulos, Vangelis ()
    ENISA.
    Zacharis, Alexandros ()
    ENISA.
    The 2015 Report on National and International Cyber Security Exercises: Survey, Analysis and Recommendations2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    During this study ENISA gathered and analysed a large set of over 200 exercises. In addition to the exercise dataset, ENISA analysed specialised literature such as after-action reports and previous studies that have contributed to the analysis. This report includes a model for describing and reporting on such exercises. The study is a step forward towards better resource for planning and collaboration between nations and agencies interested in cybersecurity exercises. The findings show a continuous and accelerated increase in the total amount of exercises held after 2012, as well as an increase in the number of cooperative exercises involving private and public actors. This indicates that it is not just a matter of public agencies running more exercises, but also of more actors benefiting from these exercises.

  • 1362.
    Ucko, David
    et al.
    National Defense Univeristy.
    Egnell, Robert
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört). Georgetown University.
    Counterinsurgency in Crisis: Britain and the Challenges of Modern Warfare2013Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1363.
    Uhr, Christian
    et al.
    Lund University Centre for Risk Assessment and Management (LUCRAM), Lund.
    Johansson, Björn J. E.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI).
    Landgren, Jonas
    Department of Applied Information Technology, Chalmers University of Technology & University of Gothenburg.
    Holmberg, Martin
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Ledningsvetenskapliga avdelningen (LVA).
    Bynander, Fredrik
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Koelega, Samuel
    Division of Risk Management and Societal Safety, Lund University Centre for Risk Assessment and Management (LUCRAM), Lund.
    Trnka, Jiri
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI).
    Once upon a time in Västmanland: the power of narratives or how the “truth” unfolds2016Inngår i: ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings: 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management / [ed] Andrea H. Tapia, Pedro Antunes, Victor A. Bañuls, Kathleen Moore & João Porto de Albuquerque, ISCRAM, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014 a small fire started in a forest in central Sweden. Within a few days it developed into the largest wildfire in Sweden in the last 50 years. As the scale of the fire increased, so did the need for direction and coordination of the resources engaged in the response operation. Both official investigators and the research community have studied the challenges and come up with recommendations for improvements of the Swedish crisis management system. All authors of this paper have been involved in such efforts. This paper is a result of us trying to formulate lessons learnt based on several written reports and official discussions. The development of the narratives constructed by individuals involved in the response, investigators and researchers is analyzed. We conclude that researchers need to pay attention to their own role in this development. Maybe there is a need for a game changer on the methodological side?

  • 1364.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Argentinean flood management and the logic of omission: The case of Santa Fe City2013Inngår i: Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies, ISSN 1654-0204, E-ISSN 1654-0204, nr 9, s. 69-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When the disastrous flood, generally referred to as “la Inundación”,occurred in Santa Fe City in 2003, it seemed like a bolt from the blue. Yet, it was far from the first flood to strike the city. Situated between two major rivers, flooding is part of the city’s history since its foundation. The lack of preparedness raises questions about the relation between past experience and future action in matters of disaster management. This article analyses the processes of remembering and forgetting as mediators of this relation. By focusing ethnographically on how these entwined processes playout within the Santa fesinian bureaucracy, following a logic of omission, it is argued that this logic contribute to the normalization of disaster instead of future prevention.

  • 1365.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    De inundados a Inundados: Posdesastre y Movilización Social en Santa Fe, Argentina2011Inngår i: Estados Críticos. : La experiencia social de la calamidad / [ed] Sergio Visacovsky, La Plata: Ediciones Al Margen , 2011, s. 91-126Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1366.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). Socialantropologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Disaster Memoryscapes: How Social Relations Shape Community Remembering of Catastrophe2010Inngår i: Anthropology News, ISSN 1541-6151, E-ISSN 1556-3502, Vol. 51, nr 7, s. 12-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1367.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Environmental Crisis in Spain: The Boliden Dam Rupture2001Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the crisis that developed after the rupture of the Boliden mining dam in Aznalcóllar, Spain in April 1998, which had severe environmental consequences for the area surrounding the Doñana National Park. The case study draws upon minor fieldwork in Spain, in August 1998, including a visit to the affected area and extensive interviewing of crisis managers.

    Emphasis is placed upon how the different Spanish political actors at the national and the regional level coped with the crisis. This is accomplished by scrutinising the decision-making and communication processes set in motion by the accident and portraying the political and cultural contexts in which these took place. Other social actors (such as various Environmental NGOs, the mass media and private individuals) were also of importance to the crisis management, and are thus taken into account in the analysis.

  • 1368.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Ethnographier les mémoires de catastrophes: Terrain translocal à Santa Fe (Argentine)2013Inngår i: Le gouvernement des catastrophes / [ed] Sandrine Revet & Julien Langumier, Paris: Karthala, 2013, 1, s. 187-216Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1369.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    La Inundación: katastrofer och minnets politik i Argentina2013Inngår i: Antropologi och tid / [ed] Viktorin, Mattias och Charlotta Widmark, Stockholm: Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi , 2013, s. 175-192Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1370.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Los Inundados in Santa Fe, Argentina, and the Politics of Disaster Memory2011Inngår i: Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management / [ed] Ben Wisner, J.C. Gaillard and Ilan Kelman., London: Routledge , 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1371.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    ”Pride: Causal Explanations and Accountability in the Wake of the Disaster”2011Inngår i: ’The Seven Capital Sins’ / [ed] Göteborg universitet, 2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1372.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Remembering and Forgetting Risk in Flood Management Planning: The Case of Santa Fe, Argentina2011Inngår i: Risk, Uncertainty and Policy / [ed] Mid Sweden University, Östersund, 2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1373.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Review of “Displaced: life in the Katrina diaspora” (2012) edited by Weber, Lynn & Lori Peek. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. 268 pp.2013Inngår i: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 596-598Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1374.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    The Buenos Aires Blackout: Argentine Crisis Management Across the Public-Private Divide2005Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1375.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). Stockholm universitet.
    Watermarks: Urban Flooding and Memoryscape in Argentina2013Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1376.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Weathering the world: recovery in the wake of the tsunami in a Tamil fishing village, by Hastrup, Frida2012Inngår i: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 344-345Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1377.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Weszkalnys, Gisa (2010) “Berlin, Alexanderplatz: Transforming place in a unified Germany.” New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books. 214 pgs.2011Inngår i: Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society, ISSN 0355-3930, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 57-Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1378.
    Utas, Mats
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Strategiavdelningen.
    Malignant Organisms: continuities of state-run violence in rural Liberia2009Inngår i: Crisis of the state: War and social upheaval / [ed] Bruce Kapferer and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2009, s. 256-291Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1379.
    Utas, Mats
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Strategiavdelningen.
    Sexual abuse survivors and the complex of traditional healing: (G)local Prospects in the Aftermath of an African War2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1380.
    Utas, Mats
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Strategiavdelningen.
    The index finger of justice: Democratization in Sierra Leone2009Inngår i: Annual Report /Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2008, s. 28-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1381.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen (upphört).
    Jörgel, Magnus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen (upphört).
    The West Side Boys: military navigation in the Sierra Leone civil war2008Inngår i: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 46, nr 3, s. 487-511Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The West Side Boys were one of several military actors in the Sierra Leonean civil war (1991–2002). A splinter group of the army, the WSB emerged as a key player in 1999–2000. In most Western media accounts, the WSB appeared as nothing more than renegade, anarchistic bandits, devoid of any trace of long-term goals. By contrast, this article aims to explain how the WSB used well-devised military techniques in the field; how their history and military training within the Sierra Leone army shaped their notion of themselves and their view of what they were trying to accomplish; and, finally, how military commanders and politicians employed the WSB as a tactical instrument in a larger map of military and political strategies. It is in the politics of a military economy that this article is grounded.

  • 1382.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Strategiavdelningen.
    Rudén, Fanny
    Sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeeping operations in contemporary Africa2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1383.
    Van Esch, Femke
    et al.
    Utrecht Sch Governance, European Integrat, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Swinkels, Marij
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier). NSOB, The Hague, Netherlands.
    How Europe's Political Leaders Made Sense of the Euro Crisis: The Influence of Pressure and Personality2015Inngår i: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 38, nr 6, s. 1203-1225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greek announcement of its excessive debts led to one of the most severe crises the EU has faced since its inception. The crisis soon evolved into a full leadership crisis as European political leaders struggled to come up with a common solution to the challenges they faced. Theories of leadership and crisis management identify several factors that may contribute to these differences. This article examines to what extent leaders' personal traits and external pressure influenced how six political leaders made sense of the situation. The study finds that a leader's belief that they can control events, their self-confidence, as well as economic pressure provide a partial explanation of how European leaders make sense of the crisis. The traits of cognitive complexity and openness to information do not exert an influence in the cases discussed here. These findings indicate that any comprehensive understanding of how leaders make sense of crises should take note of specific individual as well as contextual factors.

  • 1384.
    Vedung, Evert
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Hansén, Dan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för krishantering och internationell samverkan.
    Oljekrisen 1973 och Sveriges tvehövdade krispolitik2019Inngår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 121, nr 4, s. 647-679Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How do governments cope with lurking crises that call for behavioral change among a wider citizenry? The global warming threat is a topical case in point. In this article, we explore the Swedish government response to the 1973 oil crisis, from which we draw lessons. In terms of policy instruments, Swedish policymakers deployed a twopronged, strategy. The government simultaneously initiated a package of quick/ soft as well as slow/hard instruments in the hope that the first package with information campaigns would be successful enough to make the second package with formal rationings redundant. The substantive goal was that the Swedes must save in homes, offices, and premises so that the large exporting industry should get the oil it needed to continue with full employment. The strategy worked. All pertinent actors, households as well as foreign oil concerns, heeded government persuasion efforts (sermons, a negotiated agreement) and took measures voluntarily. Why? One explanatory factor is the creative organization of the national crisis authorities. To a large extent, the strategy was implemented by organs stacked with a mixture of public agencies, private oil distributors and all kinds of organized non-governmental energy-use stakeholders to promote outreach, transversal co-creation, and collaborative governance. The government succeeded in its meaning-making efforts and created a strong narrative (sermon), which clearly pointed out the serious anticipated effects of the crisis in Sweden, according to which it became obvious that households and commerce needed to save energy in order to secure oil supply for industry to protect jobs and impede mass unemployment.

  • 1385.
    Vlassenroot, Koen
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen (upphört).
    Sandrine, Perrot
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen (upphört).
    Informal political structures, resources and the Ugandan army in the Democratic Republic of Congo2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1386.
    Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, The Norwegian Defence Univeristy College, Norway.
    Berntsen, Tor Arne S.
    Norwegian Command and Staff College, Norwegian Defence University College, Norway.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Avstand og nærhet som militæretisk utfordring2018Inngår i: Necesse, ISSN 2464-353X, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 95-103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1387.
    Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Sjøforsvaret, Norge.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Voldsbruk og livsfare: Norske og svenske soldaters krigserfaringer fra Afghanistan2019 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [no]

    Voldsbruk og livsfare dokumenterer norske og svenske soldaters krigserfaringer fra Afghanistan. Basert på grundige intervjuer med soldatene, tegnes et levende bilde av hvordan dramatiske krigserfaringer påvirker soldathverdagen og hvordan erfaringene fortolkes og bearbeides i etterkant – både individuelt og kollektivt.Intervjuene med soldatene tolkes gjennomgående i lys av internasjonal faglitteratur og pågående fagdebatter. Boken drøfter blant annet spørsmål knyttet til forberedelser før avreise, stressmestring, moralske dilemmaer, motivasjon, sorgreaksjoner, profesjonsidentitet og profesjonalisering av soldatrollen. Boken inneholder i tillegg en grundig drøfting av reaksjonsmønstre knyttet til å ta liv i kamp.Voldsbruk og livsfare vil særlig ha interesse for studenter og forskere innenfor de militære utdanningene, men er også skrevet for alle med interesse for Forsvaret og Norges rolle i internasjonale, militære konflikter.

  • 1388.
    Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Sjøforsvaret, Norge.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Å ta liv: Erfaringer fra Afghanistan2017Inngår i: Michael, ISSN 1504-0658, Vol. 14, s. 54-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1389. Waaler, Gudmund
    et al.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Espevik, Roar
    Ars vitam tollendi: kunsten å slå i hjel2013Inngår i: Pacem : militært tidsskrift for etisk og teologisk refleksjon, ISSN 1500-2322, E-ISSN 1503-2116, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 5-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1390.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Beyond the RtoP: Responsibility as Doing, Being and Sharing2015Inngår i: International Politics Reviews, ISSN 2050-2982, E-ISSN 2046-9292, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 50-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This review article exposes that the scholarly interest in the notion of ‘responsibility’ in the field of security studies goes far beyond the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ and the debate on emerging ‘responsible stakeholders’ in Asia. It is argued that the significant scholarly attention to ‘responsibility’ reflects political concerns with transnational threats and humanitarian issues, but it also mirrors a quest for status and power in a post-hegemonic security milieu as well as a need to distribute responsibilities among powers in an effective way. The article reviews approximately 160 peer-reviewed articles to expose strengths and weaknesses in the scholarly production of knowledge on responsibility in the field of security studies. The article suggests a new way to categorize works on responsibility in terms of ‘doing’, ‘being’ or ‘sharing’; focusing on one or several of these three aspects is an effective way to capture key contemporary problems in international security.

  • 1391.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Divided power Europe: normative divergences among the EU 'big three'2010Inngår i: Journal of European Public Policy, ISSN 1350-1763, E-ISSN 1466-4429, Vol. 17, nr 8, s. 1089-1105Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article challenges Ian Manners's 'Normative Power Europe' thesis by arguing that although the European Union (EU) promotes norms in the international arena, it is not different from other powers. Drawing on a large set of empirical data and making use of a new institutionalist framework, it discerns how major European powers - Russia, France, Germany, Britain and the EU - have worked to gain acceptance for their individual favoured normative yardstick in the realm of security. The article concludes that as a consequence of diverging logics of appropriateness in Europe, the EU should rather be regarded as a divided than as a strong normative power. As long as both the EU and its major member states hold strong individual normative ambitions, the Union risks becoming hampered from acting rapidly and concertedly in international crises.

  • 1392.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Europa - ta ditt ansvar!2016Inngår i: EU och de nya säkerhetshoten / [ed] Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski & Lars Oxelheim, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2016, s. 251-279Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1393.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Europe: take on your responsibilities2018Inngår i: The European Union: Facing the Challenge of Multiple Security Threats / [ed] Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina; Michalski, Anne; Nilsson, Niklas; Oxelheim, Lars, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 212-234Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1394.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    NATO’s role in the Strategic Concept Debate: Watchdog, fire-fighter, neighbour or seminar leader?2011Inngår i: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 46, nr 4, s. 482-501Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that traditional Westphalian powers are increasingly pressured to move beyond Westphalia, towards institutionalization of security co-operation and a broader definition of referent-objects of security. Focusing on the case of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), it notes that the Alliance is severely torn between traditional constructions of ‘the self’ and a need for change. Exploring how NATO handles this dilemma, the article examines how the Alliance articulated its constitutive story during the Strategic concept process of 2009-2010. Four roles crystallised from the reading of the narrative: the fire-fighter, the watchdog, the good neighbour and the seminar leader. It is argued that NATO will be able to meet the exigencies of the post-Westphalian world more or less effectively depending on how it develops in each of these roles. The article concludes that NATO largely remains Westphalian in its four roles, but the launching of the seminar leader role indicates that it may be preparing a farewell toWestphalia. NATO is a composite actor and tensions between academic, global reformist and traditionalist regional story-lines will prevail. Nevertheless, the globalised threat environment is likely to eventually force NATO to fully recognise the need for a more post-Westphalian approach to security.

  • 1395.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Security in a Greater Europe : The Possibility of a Pan-European Approach2008Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Can Russia, the European Union and the three major EU member states adopt a unified policy line in the global arena? Charlotte Wagnsson investigates the cohesiveness of ‘greater Europe’ through the detailed scrutiny of policy statements by the leadership elites in the UK, France, Germany, Russia and the EU in connection with three defining events in international security: the crisis in Kosovo of 1999; the terrorist attacks of 9/11 and the Iraq crisis of 2003. This extensive empirical enquiry results in a critical constructivist response to neorealist understandings of European security. 

    The book contrasts the EU’s new way of ‘doing security’ with the established, competitive bilateral interplay in the European security sphere and provides a clue to the kind of security politics that will prevail in Europe. A joint Moscow Brussels approach would improve the chances of both increasing their relative strength vis-à-vis the USA, but serious cleavages threaten to undermine such a ‘greater European’ common view on security. Wagnsson considers the extent to which the major European players pursue similar objectives, and assesses the possible implications for and the chances of greater Europe emerging as a cohesive global actor. This meticulously researched book will interest scholars and students with an interest in international security, the EU’s international role, European international relations and Russian security.  

  • 1396.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhet.
    Barzanje, Costan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för krishantering och internationell samverkan.
    A framework for analysing antagonistic narrative strategies: A Russian tale of Swedish decline2019Inngår i: Media, War & Conflict, ISSN 1750-6352, E-ISSN 1750-6360Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    New information technologies and media consumption patterns have enabled aggressive practices that are qualitatively different from old-style propaganda. Actors no longer rely on secrecy, but can openly make use of social media and media outlets in foreign languages to destabilize other states and societies from within. Strategic narratives have become a key means in this endeavour. To expose the discursive (harmful) capacity of strategic narratives, the article suggests detailed analysis based on a narrative ontology. The analytical framework is applied in an exploratory case study of the Russian state-sponsored broadcasting company Sputnik’s strategic narrative about Sweden from 2014 to 2018. In addition to unmasking Sputnik’s strategic narrative, the article fills a gap in previous research in particular by exposing three antagonistic narrative strategies labelled ‘suppression’, ‘destruction’ and ‘direction’. These strategies reflect general driving forces in the security sphere and can inspire and structure future research into antagonistic strategic narration.

  • 1397.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Conclusion: farewell Westphalia?: the prospects of EU security governance2009Inngår i: European Security Governance: the European Union in a Westphalian World / [ed] Charlotte Wagnsson, James A. Sperling, Jan Hallenberg, Routledge, 2009, s. 127-140Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1398.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhetspolitik och strategi.
    Hellman, Maria
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Normative Power Europe Caving In?: EU under Pressure of Russian Information Warfare2018Inngår i: Journal of Common Market Studies, ISSN 0021-9886, E-ISSN 1468-5965, Vol. 56, nr 5, s. 1161-1177Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars have characterized the EU as a normative power whose greatest asset is to be able to shape conceptions of what is ‘normal’ in international affairs. Scholars have argued that a normative power has to meet certain discursive standards; representing others in a non‐antagonistic, humble way. We question whether the EU can live up to this ideal when defending itself against Russian strategic communication. The empirical enquiry establishes that while the EU High Commissioner communicates in line with the stipulated standards, the newly established East Stratcom Taskforce and its publication ‘Disinformation Digest’ diverges from this ideal. The establishment of the Taskforce has led to the EU losing reflexivity and normative power. The article concludes that while Diez’ and Manners’ standards are utopian in the contemporary communicative climate, they remain useful as guiding rules that can help normative powers ‘watch their language’ and avoid doing unnecessary harm.

  • 1399.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Holmberg, Arita
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Conflict Management2014Inngår i: Handbook of Governance and Security / [ed] James Sperling, Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, s. 324-342Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1400.
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Holmberg, Arita
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hellman, Maria
    Stockholms Universitet, Institutionen för Journalistik, Medier och Kommunikation.
    The Centrality of Non-traditional Groups for Security in the Globalized Era: The Case of Children2010Inngår i: International Political Sociology, ISSN 1749-5679, E-ISSN 1749-5687, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 1-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The globalized security situation characterized by transnational threats and international interventionism in ‘‘new wars,’’ connect non traditional local actors and traditional global actors to one another in unprecedented ways. We argue that children in particular need to be highlighted because they are highly pertinent to the globalized security situation, yet they make up one of the few agents that have remained non-politicized in the eyes of the scholarly community. The article suggests a framework of analysis that can generate analyses on security of traditional as well as non-traditional agents. Placing non-traditional groups in the center of attention serves to mirror the complexities of the current security situation better.

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