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  • 1351.
    Sundelius, Bengt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala universitet, Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap, MSB.
    Introduction: Actions Applicable to CBRN Prevention,Detection, and Response: From Interblocking Stovepipes to Interlocking Networks2013In: Biosecurity and bioterrorism, ISSN 1538-7135, E-ISSN 1557-850X, Vol. 11, no supplement 1, p. 258-259Article in journal (Refereed)
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    Introduction -Actions Applicable to CBRN Prevention_ Detection and Response
  • 1352.
    Sundelius, Bengt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Societal Security: An Emerging Field of Scholarship Underpinning Practices in the Baltic Sea Region2016In: The Baltic Sea Region: Hard and Soft Security Reconsidered / [ed] Andzans, Maris & Bruge, Ilvija, Riga: Latvian Institute of International Affairs , 2016, p. 157-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    Sundelius -Societal security
  • 1353.
    Sundelius, Bengt
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Wiklund, Claes
    Huvudredaktör för Nordisk tidskrift för vetenskap, konst och industri.
    Säkerheten främst: Nordiskt samarbete efter 60 år2012In: Världspolitikens Dagsfrågor, ISSN 0042-2754, no 9, p. 1-32Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1354.
    Svantesson, Monica
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section. Stockholms universitet.
    Threat Construction inside Bureaucracy: A Bourdieusian Study of the European Commission and the Framing of Irregular Immigration 1974-20092014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines how we construct security threats. Theoretically, it contributes to the literature on securitization and threat construction, which has hitherto overlooked how influential bureaucracies that – in contrast to the police and the military – have little to gain from widened threat perceptions, may still contribute to threat construction.

    The dissertation studies the European Commission and the issue of irregular immigration. By using frame analysis, it firstly explores what constructions of irregular immigration that the Commission generates and to what extent these contribute to threat construction. Using the Bourdieusian concepts of field, capital and habitus, it secondly analyzes how certain constructions of irregular immigration are authorized at the expense of others, due to the inner bureaucratic logic of the Commission.

    The empirical result reveals that the Commission mostly defines irregular immigrants as victims, yet simultaneously favors policy solutions that mainly seek to avert immigration. The Commission thus contributes to threat construction primarily through its policy solutions. Studying the inner logic of the Commission field highlights how informal routines and tacit power relations between Commission departments authorize certain frames over others. Importantly, the analysis shows how the naming of irregular immigrants as victims tends not to cost the officials anything in terms of symbolic capital, whereas the suggesting of less restrictive solutions tends to do so. Definitions and policy solutions thus follow different bureaucratic logics, which enables a mismatch between them. Moreover, the threat construction appears not because Commission officials believe that restrictive measures are the only way to solve problems linked to irregular immigration. On the contrary, officials believe that a multitude of solutions are needed. Instead, the threat construction is an unintended consequence of the logic of the field.

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    fulltext
  • 1355.
    Svedin, Lina
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Organizational Cooperation in Crises2009Book (Other academic)
  • 1356.
    Svensén, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Berglund, Anna Karin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Thielen, Alexander
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wolgers, Gerhard
    Försvarsmakten, Sverige.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Validering av Officersprogrammets urvalsprocess: Steg 2: En kvalitativ studie om utveckling av förmågor och egenskaper hos officerare2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning ingår som ett andra steg i en planerad sekvens av studier som syftar till att validera officersprogrammets urvalsprocess. I det första steget identifierades ett antal egenskaper och förmågor som kan antas vara betydelsefulla för officerare för att utföra ett bra arbete, oavsett inom vilken arena officeren verkar. En sammanfattande modell togs fram där egenskaperna och förmågorna indelades i tre kategorier; individuella basegenskaper, interpersonella förmågor och uppgiftsrelaterade förmågor.

    I det andra steget undersöks dessa egenskaper och förmågors karaktär; är de stabila eller utvecklas de under utbildning eller yrkesutövande? Resultatet visar att de individuella basegenskaperna utvecklas förutsatt en stabil grund liksom de interpersonella förmågorna medan de uppgiftsrelaterade förmågorna huvudsakligen utvecklades över tid, antingen under utbildningen eller som yrkesverksam officer.

  • 1357.
    Svensén, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Bjelanovic, Vera
    Swedish Defence Recruitment Agency, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Lantz, Johan
    Human Resources Center, Swedish Armed Forces, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Rose-Marie
    Swedish Defence Recruitment Agency, Sweden.
    Törner, Britta
    Swedish Defence Recruitment Agency, Sweden.
    Wolgers, Gerhard
    HR Center, Swedish Armed Forces, Sweden.
    Lindqvist, Anne
    Swedish Armed Forces, Sweden.
    Attrition during basic military training in the Swedish Armed Forces2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1358.
    Svensén, Sofia
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Jonsson, Emma
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Rekryteringsunderlaget 2018: Återinförd värnplikt kompletterad med frivillighet2019Report (Other academic)
  • 1359.
    Söderhjelm, Teresa Martha
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Sandahl, Christer
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Björklund, Christina
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Palm, Kristina
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    The importance of confidence in leadership role: a qualitative study of the process following two Swedish leadership programmes2018In: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 114-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the influence of leadership programmes on leaders and co-workers, as well as which mechanisms are involved in the process.

    Design/methodology/approach – An analysis was done into 431 free-text answers to questionnaires given to 120 participants in two different leadership programmes and their co-workers six months after their participation, using a grounded theory inspired approach.

    Findings – The result is a model, linking internal psychological and external behavioural aspects, with the central outcome that leaders gained more confidence in their leadership role through theoretical models learned, and reflection.

    Research limitations/implications – The course participants as well as the co-workers seemed to experience a positive leadership development indicating a value of participating in the courses.

    Practical implications – Confidence in leadership role seems important for having positive outcomes of leadership. Although this needs further research, it is something organisations should consider when working with leadership questions.

    Social implications – The co-workers perceived their leaders to be calmer, more open for discussions, and willing both to give and receive feedback post training. There appears to be an increase in trust both in the leader and reciprocally from the leader in the co-workers.

    Originality/value – Until now there has not been any systematic research into the effects on participants and co-workers following the programmes, despite the fact that over 100,000 have participated in the courses.

  • 1360.
    't Hart, Paul
    et al.
    Utrecht University School of Governance.
    Sundelius, Bengt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Uppsala universitet.
    Crisis management revisited: A new agenda for research, training and capacity building within Europe2013In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 444-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fifteen years ago we presented an agenda for crisis management research and training in Europe, here that article is revisited through a comprehensive review of social science scholarship in the field. Both the discourses on risk and crisis ‘management’ and on crisis ‘politics’ are surveyed in an effort to show the connect between knowledge and policy agendas for capacity building. Priority areas for European research are identified and discussed. The vital roles of research-based education and experience-based training to foster enhanced crisis management practices are noted. Independent yet policy-focused centres of crisis management scholarship are encouraged and needed. These should be linked through a transnational network to support a common ‘rapid reflection’ force in service of European leadership, when it matters the most.

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    CM revisited
  • 1361.
    't Hart, Paul
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Tindall, Karen
    Brown, Christer
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Crisis Leadership of the Bush Presidency: advisory Capacity and Presidential Performance in the Acute Stages of the 9/11 and Katrina Crises2009In: Presidential Studies Quarterly, ISSN 0360-4918, E-ISSN 1741-5705, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 473-493Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the operation of the presidential advisory system during the 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina crises in order to explain the marked differences in presidential crisis leadership performance during the acute phase of both crises. It first presents a conceptual framework for the systematic study of “crisis advisory configurations” around presidents, based on an integrated review of the advisory systems and crisis management literatures. Second, the framework is applied to George W. Bush's performance in three crucial crisis leadership task domains—sense making, decision making, and meaning making. The article concludes by identifying key challenges of building crisis management capacity around heads of government such as the U.S. president.

  • 1362.
    Taş, Hakki
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Street arts of resistance in Tahrir and Gezi2017In: Middle Eastern Studies, ISSN 0026-3206, E-ISSN 1743-7881, Vol. 53, no 5, p. 802-819Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the tremendous visibility of popular mobilization in the last decade, scholars have increasingly directed their attention to the streets to examine the dynamics of power and resistance. Among emerging venues of politics, this study examines street art and graffiti as a performance of resistance in the 2011 Tahrir Revolution and 2013 Gezi Protests in Egypt and Turkey, respectively. As re-appropriation of the urban landscape and modes of self-expression, street art and graffiti lie at the intersection of politics, space, and identity. Inspired by James C. Scott's concept of ‘arts of resistance’, this study takes up these ‘street arts of resistance’ as revealing the hidden transcript, namely, the self-disclosure of subordinates under the politics of disguise. While unpacking that subversive power, this study rests on its claim that street art and graffiti not only seek to represent, but also to perform and interject. Thereafter, it examines how these modes of visual culture interrupt time, space, and the self, along with their respective effects.

  • 1363.
    Terpstra, Teun
    et al.
    HKV Consultants, Netherlands.
    Enander, Ann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Gutteling, Jan
    University of Twente, Twente, Netherlands.
    Kuhlicke, Christian
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Germany.
    Public perception of risk2017In: Science for disaster risk management 2017: knowing better and losing less / [ed] K. Poljanšek, M. Marin Ferrer, T. De Groeve, I. Clark, Luxembourg: European Commission, 2017, p. 393-403Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1364.
    Thielen, Alexander
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Sivertun, Åke
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Frames of the terrorist attack in Sweden: a qualitative study of true and fake news coverage2019In: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, E-ISSN 1741-5071, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 205-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On 7 April 2017, a terrorist attack occurred in central Stockholm. A hijacked lorry was intentionally driven into crowds along a pedestrian street. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore how the media framed this terrorist attack. The data collection approach was inductive and explorative, mainly involving searching electronic media databases. The qualitative analysis of 1294 articles resulted in four overarching themes describing how the terrorist attack was framed in the media. These frames are as follows: the incident, framed as confirmed, unconfirmed and denied information; the perception of leadership and authorities as trustworthy; the site perceived as a place of sorrow; and crisis management framed as the initial and sequential framing of the professionals, the heroes and the villains. The primary conclusion is that true as well as fake news affects crisis management and public opinion, which may create challenges for the entire society within the crisis management area. 

  • 1365.
    Torell Sjölander, Matilda
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Hotet från cyberrymden: regeringens formulering av informations- och cybersäkerhet - vad är problemet?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the Swedish Government Cyber Security Strategy laid out for the years 2016-2022 using Carol Bacchi’s discourse method and theory concept “What’s the problem represented to be” (WPR). The theoretical framework of the thesis also builds on critical theories on security- and threat perception following the concept of “exceptionalist securitising” and “diffusing insecurities”. The study suggests that the government has a national security focus that stresses “high politics” cyber threats rather than risks related to individuals and the Swedish society. Potential enemies are presented as located outside of the national boarders indicating a more traditional security perspective and enemy construction coming from other states. The study also disclosed that the strategy strives to stress the necessity of raising the awareness on cyber security as well as uniting the authorities working on cyber security while neglecting the democratic limits that political actions such as state-monitoring and data surveillance implicates.

     

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  • 1366.
    Torp Stensvehagen, Marianne
    et al.
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Arnesveen Bronken, Berit
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Lien, Lars
    Innlandet Hospital Trust, Norway.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    How women experience and cope with daily hassles after sexual abuse: a retrospective qualitative study2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 487-497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of stress on health can depend on factors such as frequency, heightening of stress during a given period or the presence of one or a few repeated hassles of psychological importance. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how adult women experience and cope with daily hassles after sexual abuse. Ten interviews were analysed using the grounded theory method. The theoretical model of ‘protecting armor in daily life’ emerged. The aftermath of sexual abuse related coping with daily stress can be understood as a three‐phase process: (1) avoiding and escaping—coping after experiencing sexual abuse; (2) accepting and disclosing—starting a process of recovery; and (3) reconciling and repossessing—living with the experience in the present. The model contributes to a deeper understanding of the everyday life of women who have experienced sexual abuse. Increased knowledge of coping behaviours that can be used to deal with daily hassles may also serve as a tool for health professionals, other helpers and family to help these women rebuild a good life.

  • 1367.
    Treverton, Greg
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Comparing Early Warning Across Domains: Workshop report2011Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
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    fulltext
    Download (pdf)
    omslag
  • 1368.
    Treverton, Greg
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Hybrid Threats: Challenges for Intelligence2019In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 1, p. 117-130Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hybrida hot täcker in ett brett spektrum, alltifrån propaganda till vad som ofta benämns ”gråzonskrig”, där ombud eller “små gröna män” används vilka representerar en bredd som åskådliggörs i tabell 1. 1 Samtidigt är fokus inom området hybridhot ofta av mera näraliggande karaktär, exempelvis vid EU Centre of Excellence on Hybrid Threats i Helsingfors, och då talar vi om hot och attacker som befinner sig under de nivåer som representeras av kinetiska angrepp. Här kommer vi in på områden där underrättelsetjänsterna är mindre hemmastadda, eftersom målen för angreppen är samhällen, inte militära förband, eftersom många verktyg används såväl simultant som strategiskt för att uppnå maximal effekt, och där cyberdimensionen tillsammans med sociala medier (SM) och virtuella miljöer erbjuder nya, kostnadseffektiva angreppsmöjligheter.

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  • 1369.
    Treverton, Greg
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    The Intelligence Challenges of Hybrid Threats: Focus on Cyber and Virtual Realm2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What challenges does “Hybrid Threats” pose for the world of intelligence analysis and tradecraft, and how should intelligence agencies adapt? This study is a part of CATS’ project on intelligence connected to Influence Operations, and is sponsored by the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB). It addresses the new realm of hybrid threats and challenges, and the roles for the world of intelligence analysis and tradecraft.

    In this this study, Dr Gregory Treverton – former Chairman of the US National Intelligence Council and now Senior Fellow with CATS – analyzes social media and cyber attacks as well as signals and human intelligence in relation to real world events.

    The intelligence challenge starts with recognizing the range of hybrid threats and what is new about them – targets are now societies, not armies; several tools are being used both simultaneously and strategically for maximum effect; and it explores how the cyber dimension, along with the social media (SM) and other virtual arenas offer new, inexpensive avenues of attack. This important analytical contribution begins with the tools, then turns to the challenges of hybrid threats across the elements of intelligence – collection, analysis and relations between intelligence and policy.

    Then, it turns to the special challenges for intelligence agencies – but also the special opportunities – that exist across a range of cyber and virtual domains. In particular it focuses on the implications for the intelligence organizations performing the traditional ‘INT’ functions (HUMINT and SIGINT) and for counterintelligence. It concludes with perspectives on how the special challenges of hybrid threats might conduce to a much wider change in the traditional intelligence paradigm.

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  • 1370.
    Treverton, Gregory
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Influence Operations and the Intelligence/Policy Challenges2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This conference report aim to assess influence operations, especially those conducted by Russia, in the context of changing relations between intelligence and policy and the emerging challenges for intelligence. Three key challenges were discussed in regard to influence operations. First, Identify – how to separate state sponsored disinformation from individual rumor mills. Second, Understand – how to understand influence operations, put it into a context for policy makers, and learn to understand the underlying factors and why it happens. Third, Counter – how to vaccinate civil servants and enhance the critical approach within media to create resilience against influence operations.

    The first part of this conference report lays out on how to identify and understand influence operations in the context of policy. The second part focus on who needs what to counter influence operations. The last part contains concluding themes.

    Dr. Gregory Treverton is the former chairman of the U.S. National Intelligence Council, as well as former Director of the RAND Corporation’s Center for Global Risk and Security. Dr. Treverton is also a Senior Fellow at the Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies (CATS) at the Swedish Defence University.

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  • 1371.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Addressing ”Complexities” in Homeland Security2009Report (Other academic)
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    presentationsbild
  • 1372.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Approaches to "Outreach" for Intelligence2009Report (Other academic)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 1373.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Bridging the Divide between Scientific and Intelligence Analysis2009Report (Other academic)
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  • 1374.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies). RAND Corporation.
    New Frontiers in Intelligence: Notes from seminar in Stockholm May 27-28 20082008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 1375.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Agrell, Wilhelm
    National intelligence systems: current research and future prospects2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1376.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies). RAND Corporation.
    Miles, Renanah
    Columbia University; RAND Corporation.
    Social Media and Intelligence2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is part of CATS’ project on intelligence for terrorismand homeland security, sponsored by the Swedish CivilContingencies Agency (MSB). It addresses the use and potentialuse of social media in intelligence – looking across the range ofpossible uses both externally and as collaborative tools within andacross agencies. The first half of the paper lays out four categoriesof intelligence interactions using social media, and then discussesthem briefly, drawing primarily on U.S. experiences. The secondpart of the paper turns more specifically to the mix of new mediaand old at play in conflicts around the world, especially in theMiddle East and Russia/Crimea/Ukraine.

    Gregory Treverton is chairman of the U.S. National IntelligenceCouncil. However, this paper was written when he was a Directorof the RAND Corporation’s Center for Global Risk and Security,and a visiting fellow at CATS.

    Renanah Miles is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science atColumbia University and a summer associate at the RANDCorporation. She concentrates in international relations with afocus on security studies and the Middle East. Previously she wasa program analyst in the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

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  • 1377.
    Treverton, Gregory F.
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CATS (Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies).
    Thvedt, Andrew
    University of Southern California, USA.
    Chen, Alicia R.
    University of Southern California, USA.
    Lee, Kathy
    McCue, Madeline
    University of Southern California, USA.
    Addressing Hybrid Threats2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid threats have become the 21st security challenge for Western countries. They reflect significant change in the nature of international security. Change tends to increase feelings of insecurity and, historically, frictions in society, all the more so because hybrid threats are complex and ambiguous. Some people look to the past for answers, while others have forgotten the past. There are those who argue more vigorously for adapting to change, and there are those who try to defend the status quo. In some cases facts turn into views, opinions and perspectives – or worse, vice versa. This means that the picture of the security environment is not simply black or white. It is complex, multi-layeredand multidimensional. Thus, analysis of what has changed, how it is changed and what does it mean for democratic states is at the core of understanding the nature of the current security environment in Europe.

    This report gives us a rich understanding of what we mean when we talk about hybrid threats drawing upon two case studies: Russia’s interventions in Crimea and Ukraine and in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. It also addresses whatkind of threats we are facing and what tools are being used against the democratic states.

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  • 1378.
    Trimintzios, Panagiotis
    et al.
    ENISA.
    Holfeldt, Roger
    Secana.
    Koraeus, Mats
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Uckan, Baris
    Secana.
    Gavrila, Razvan
    ENISA.
    Makrodimitris, Georgios
    ENISA.
    Report on Cyber Crisis Cooperation and Management: Comparative study on the cyber crisis management and the general crisis management2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this study is to provide an analysis of cyber crisis management by identifying relations between this emerging field and the better established subject of general crisis management. This includes terminology and key concepts in these fields. This study further seeks to gain knowledge and understanding of the involved actors’ perspectives on the challenges for Cyber Crisis management within the European context.

    The purpose of the study is twofold: to compare concepts from the general crisis management systems with the corresponding systems related to cyber crisis management, and to conduct a conceptual analysis of the language and terminology within these two fields. The primary aim is to analyse the similarities and differences between general and cyber crisis management, employing examples from countries and organizations within the EU.

    Based on interviews with members of key national and EU institutions, and on an analysis of the differences between their practitioner perspectives and the theories of general crisis management, the study arrives at six key areas of recommendations for future activities in the cyber security realm.

  • 1379.
    Uckan Färnman, Baris
    et al.
    Secana.
    Koraeus, Mats
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Backman, Sarah
    Secana.
    Gavrila, Razvan (Editor)
    ENISA.
    Trimintzios, Panagiotis (Contributor)
    Stavropoulos, Vangelis (Commentator for written text)
    ENISA.
    Zacharis, Alexandros (Commentator for written text)
    ENISA.
    The 2015 Report on National and International Cyber Security Exercises: Survey, Analysis and Recommendations2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During this study ENISA gathered and analysed a large set of over 200 exercises. In addition to the exercise dataset, ENISA analysed specialised literature such as after-action reports and previous studies that have contributed to the analysis. This report includes a model for describing and reporting on such exercises. The study is a step forward towards better resource for planning and collaboration between nations and agencies interested in cybersecurity exercises. The findings show a continuous and accelerated increase in the total amount of exercises held after 2012, as well as an increase in the number of cooperative exercises involving private and public actors. This indicates that it is not just a matter of public agencies running more exercises, but also of more actors benefiting from these exercises.

  • 1380.
    Ucko, David
    et al.
    National Defense Univeristy.
    Egnell, Robert
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört). Georgetown University.
    Counterinsurgency in Crisis: Britain and the Challenges of Modern Warfare2013Book (Refereed)
  • 1381.
    Uhr, Christian
    et al.
    Lund University Centre for Risk Assessment and Management (LUCRAM), Lund.
    Johansson, Björn J. E.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI).
    Landgren, Jonas
    Department of Applied Information Technology, Chalmers University of Technology & University of Gothenburg.
    Holmberg, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Bynander, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Koelega, Samuel
    Division of Risk Management and Societal Safety, Lund University Centre for Risk Assessment and Management (LUCRAM), Lund.
    Trnka, Jiri
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI).
    Once upon a time in Västmanland: the power of narratives or how the “truth” unfolds2016In: ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings: 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management / [ed] Andrea H. Tapia, Pedro Antunes, Victor A. Bañuls, Kathleen Moore & João Porto de Albuquerque, ISCRAM, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014 a small fire started in a forest in central Sweden. Within a few days it developed into the largest wildfire in Sweden in the last 50 years. As the scale of the fire increased, so did the need for direction and coordination of the resources engaged in the response operation. Both official investigators and the research community have studied the challenges and come up with recommendations for improvements of the Swedish crisis management system. All authors of this paper have been involved in such efforts. This paper is a result of us trying to formulate lessons learnt based on several written reports and official discussions. The development of the narratives constructed by individuals involved in the response, investigators and researchers is analyzed. We conclude that researchers need to pay attention to their own role in this development. Maybe there is a need for a game changer on the methodological side?

  • 1382.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Argentinean flood management and the logic of omission: The case of Santa Fe City2013In: Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies, ISSN 1654-0204, E-ISSN 1654-0204, no 9, p. 69-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When the disastrous flood, generally referred to as “la Inundación”,occurred in Santa Fe City in 2003, it seemed like a bolt from the blue. Yet, it was far from the first flood to strike the city. Situated between two major rivers, flooding is part of the city’s history since its foundation. The lack of preparedness raises questions about the relation between past experience and future action in matters of disaster management. This article analyses the processes of remembering and forgetting as mediators of this relation. By focusing ethnographically on how these entwined processes playout within the Santa fesinian bureaucracy, following a logic of omission, it is argued that this logic contribute to the normalization of disaster instead of future prevention.

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  • 1383.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    De inundados a Inundados: Posdesastre y Movilización Social en Santa Fe, Argentina2011In: Estados Críticos. : La experiencia social de la calamidad / [ed] Sergio Visacovsky, La Plata: Ediciones Al Margen , 2011, p. 91-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1384.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Socialantropologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Disaster Memoryscapes: How Social Relations Shape Community Remembering of Catastrophe2010In: Anthropology News, ISSN 1541-6151, E-ISSN 1556-3502, Vol. 51, no 7, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1385.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Environmental Crisis in Spain: The Boliden Dam Rupture2001Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the crisis that developed after the rupture of the Boliden mining dam in Aznalcóllar, Spain in April 1998, which had severe environmental consequences for the area surrounding the Doñana National Park. The case study draws upon minor fieldwork in Spain, in August 1998, including a visit to the affected area and extensive interviewing of crisis managers.

    Emphasis is placed upon how the different Spanish political actors at the national and the regional level coped with the crisis. This is accomplished by scrutinising the decision-making and communication processes set in motion by the accident and portraying the political and cultural contexts in which these took place. Other social actors (such as various Environmental NGOs, the mass media and private individuals) were also of importance to the crisis management, and are thus taken into account in the analysis.

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  • 1386.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Ethnographier les mémoires de catastrophes: Terrain translocal à Santa Fe (Argentine)2013In: Le gouvernement des catastrophes / [ed] Sandrine Revet & Julien Langumier, Paris: Karthala, 2013, 1, p. 187-216Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1387.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    La Inundación: katastrofer och minnets politik i Argentina2013In: Antropologi och tid / [ed] Viktorin, Mattias och Charlotta Widmark, Stockholm: Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi , 2013, p. 175-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1388.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Los Inundados in Santa Fe, Argentina, and the Politics of Disaster Memory2011In: Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management / [ed] Ben Wisner, J.C. Gaillard and Ilan Kelman., London: Routledge , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1389.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    ”Pride: Causal Explanations and Accountability in the Wake of the Disaster”2011In: ’The Seven Capital Sins’ / [ed] Göteborg universitet, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1390.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Remembering and Forgetting Risk in Flood Management Planning: The Case of Santa Fe, Argentina2011In: Risk, Uncertainty and Policy / [ed] Mid Sweden University, Östersund, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1391.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Review of “Displaced: life in the Katrina diaspora” (2012) edited by Weber, Lynn & Lori Peek. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. 268 pp.2013In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 596-598Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1392.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    The Buenos Aires Blackout: Argentine Crisis Management Across the Public-Private Divide2005Book (Other academic)
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  • 1393.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training). Stockholm universitet.
    Watermarks: Urban Flooding and Memoryscape in Argentina2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
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  • 1394.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Weathering the world: recovery in the wake of the tsunami in a Tamil fishing village, by Hastrup, Frida2012In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 344-345Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1395.
    Ullberg, Susann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Weszkalnys, Gisa (2010) “Berlin, Alexanderplatz: Transforming place in a unified Germany.” New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books. 214 pgs.2011In: Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society, ISSN 0355-3930, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 57-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1396.
    Utas, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Malignant Organisms: continuities of state-run violence in rural Liberia2009In: Crisis of the state: War and social upheaval / [ed] Bruce Kapferer and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2009, p. 256-291Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1397.
    Utas, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Sexual abuse survivors and the complex of traditional healing: (G)local Prospects in the Aftermath of an African War2009Report (Other academic)
  • 1398.
    Utas, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    The index finger of justice: Democratization in Sierra Leone2009In: Annual Report /Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2008, p. 28-30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1399.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Jörgel, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    The West Side Boys: military navigation in the Sierra Leone civil war2008In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 487-511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The West Side Boys were one of several military actors in the Sierra Leonean civil war (1991–2002). A splinter group of the army, the WSB emerged as a key player in 1999–2000. In most Western media accounts, the WSB appeared as nothing more than renegade, anarchistic bandits, devoid of any trace of long-term goals. By contrast, this article aims to explain how the WSB used well-devised military techniques in the field; how their history and military training within the Sierra Leone army shaped their notion of themselves and their view of what they were trying to accomplish; and, finally, how military commanders and politicians employed the WSB as a tactical instrument in a larger map of military and political strategies. It is in the politics of a military economy that this article is grounded.

  • 1400.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    Rudén, Fanny
    Sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeeping operations in contemporary Africa2009Report (Other academic)
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