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  • 101.
    Eriksson, Arita
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Analyzing EU Defence Integration through Problem Definition2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 102.
    Eriksson, Arita
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    The EU in global security governance: lessons for conceptual development2008Inngår i: European security governance: the European Union in a Westphalian world / [ed] Charlotte Wagnsson, James Sperling & Jan Hallenberg, London: Routledge , 2008Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 103.
    Gustafsson, Karl
    et al.
    Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Forskningsproblem: vad står på spel?2016Inngår i: Att forska: praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016, s. 96-118Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 104.
    Gustafsson, Karl
    et al.
    Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhetspolitik och strategi.
    What Is the Point?: Teaching Graduate Students how to Construct Political Science Research Puzzles2018Inngår i: European Political Science, ISSN 1680-4333, E-ISSN 1682-0983, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 634-648Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the key challenges graduate students face is how to come up with a good rationale for their theses. Unfortunately, the methods literature in and beyond political science does not provide much advice on this important issue. While focusing on how to conduct research, this literature has largely neglected the question of why a study should be undertaken. The limited discussions that can be found suggest that new research is justified if it (1) fills a ‘gap’; (2) addresses an important real-world problem; and/or (3) is methodologically rigorous. This article discusses the limitations of these rationales. Then, it proposes that research puzzles are more useful for clarifying the nature and importance of a contribution to existing research, and hence a better way of justifying new research. The article also explores and clarifies what research puzzles are, and begins to devise a method for constructing them out of the vague ideas and questions that often trigger a research process. 

  • 105.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Att normalisera ett land: Japansk utrikes- och säkerhetspolitik2015Inngår i: Japan nu: Strömningar och perspektiv, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2015, 2, s. 209-231Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 106.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhet.
    Becoming a traitor2019Inngår i: Life Writing, ISSN 1448-4528, E-ISSN 1751-2964, s. 1-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this autobiographical essay, I narrate my experience of being positioned in public as naive in my profession and a traitor to my country after publishing an op-ed in Sweden’s largest daily newspaper, in which I argued that Sweden should not join NATO — the transatlantic military alliance. Some of the negative reactions came from within my own workplace. I had just been promoted to Professor at the Swedish Defence University and colleagues thought I had also betrayed them and the university by publishing the piece. In this essay, I disclose some of the reactions I encountered but, more importantly, I try to understand the effect they had on me, recounting my own inner dialogue of shame and resistance. At times I worried that I lacked expertise or even secretly harboured an affinity with the country that is now seen to motivate a Swedish NATO membership — i.e. Russia. At other times, I tried to turn the tables on the stigmatisers, claiming that it was they who had to change. While I work in a highly militarised environment, I think the fear of social death and professional shame I explore in this essay has broader resonance.

  • 107.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    East Asia's power shift: The flaws and hazards of the debate and how to avoid them2014Inngår i: Asian Perspective, ISSN 0258-9184, E-ISSN 2288-2871, Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 337-362Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The widespread debate on an East Asian power shift is generally based on the crude notion that power and capability are interchangeable. We critique this view and offer the alternative that power is the capacity of actors and discourses to produce effects— what we call relational and productive power, respectively. We also engage in a reflexive exercise by addressing the productive power of the power-shift debate itself, and emphasize the danger that this debate might enable the kind of realpolitik that it forebodes.

  • 108.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Identity Change and Foreign Policy: Japan and its ‘Others’2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Identity Politics in Japan’s International Relations2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 110.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Japan anser sig behöva rusta för att kunna försvara freden2014Inngår i: Respons, ISSN 2001-2292, nr 6, s. 8-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 111.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hanssen, Ulv
    Soka University.
    Japan's pacifism is dead2018Inngår i: Survival (London. 1959), ISSN 0039-6338, E-ISSN 1468-2699, Vol. 60, nr 6, s. 137-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Japan can now do more or less everything that other, more ‘normal’ countries do in the security field.

  • 112.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hanssen, Ulv
    Soka University.
    Long live pacifism!: narrative power and Japan’spacifist model2019Inngår i: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, ISSN 0955-7571, E-ISSN 1474-449X, Vol. 32, nr 4, s. 502-520Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    International relations research acknowledges that states can have different security policies but neglects the fact that ‘models’ may exist in the security policy realm. This article suggests that it is useful to think about models, which it argues can become examples for emulation or be undermined through narrative power. It illustrates the argument by analysing Japan’s pacifism—an alternative approach to security policy which failed to become an internationally popular model and, despite serving the country well for many years, has even lost its appeal in Japan. Conventional explanations suggest that Japan’s pacifist policies were ‘abnormal’, and that the Japanese eventually realized this. By contrast, this article argues that narratives undermined Japan’s pacifism by mobilizing deep-seated beliefs about what is realistic and unrealistic in international politics, and launches a counter-narrative that could help make pacifism a more credible model in world politics.

  • 113.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Narrative power in international relations2019Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 114.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Review of Bridging Troubled Waters: China, Japan, and Maritime Order in the East China Sea. By James Manicom2015Inngår i: Pacific Affairs, ISSN 0030-851X, Vol. 88, nr 3, s. 681-683Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 115.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen. Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Stoltheten kan knäcka japansk pacifism2014Inngår i: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, Vol. 21 juni, s. 23-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 116.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen. Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    The "Abnormal" State: Identity, Norm/Exception and Japan2015Inngår i: European Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1354-0661, E-ISSN 1460-3713, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 122-145Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The term ‘abnormal’ has frequently been used to describe post-war Japan. Together with the idea that the country will, or should have to, ‘normalise’ its foreign and security policy, it has been reproduced in both academia and Japanese society. Why is Japan branded as ‘abnormal’, and from where does the desire to ‘normalise’ it come? Drawing on a relational concept of identity, and the distinction between norm and exception, this article argues that the ‘abnormality–normalisation nexus’ can be understood in terms of three identity-producing processes: (1) the process whereby the Japanese Self is socialised in US/‘Western’ norms, ultimately constructing it as an Other in the international system; (2) the process whereby the Japanese Self imagines itself as ‘legitimately exceptional’ (what is called ‘exceptionalisation’), but also ‘illegitimately abnormal’ — both of which are epitomised by Japan’s ‘pacifism’; and (3) the process whereby both the Self’s ‘negative abnormality’ and China/Asia are securitised in attempts to realise a more ‘normal’ (or super-normal) Japanese Self. How Japan is inter subjectively constructed on a scale between ‘normal’ and ‘abnormal’ enables and constrains action. Although Japan has not remilitarised nearly as much in the 2000s as is often claimed, these processes might very well forebode an exceptional decision to become ‘normal’ and therefore more significant steps towards remilitarisation.

  • 117.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen. Utrikespolitiska institutet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    The Sino-Japanese battle for soft power: Pitfalls and promises2015Inngår i: Global Affairs, ISSN 2334-0460, E-ISSN 2334-0479, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 129-137Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Beijing and Tokyo are currently involved in a zero-sum battle for soft power. Both governments are actively trying to shape how third party actors understand contested matters in their bilateral relationship. The dispute over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands is the most obvious flashpoint in this ongoing struggle for hearts and minds. A soft power battle might seem like an innocent endeavour, but by entrenching enmity and legitimizing armed conflict, it might actually translate into one where hard power takes centre stage. Indeed, that the dissemination and entrenchment of affective identity narrative make violence seem normal, natural, realistic or perhaps even inevitable is the greatest danger associated with the ongoing Sino-Japanese dispute. However, if both parties were to agree to let the International Court of Justice settle their discord, the islands dispute could provide them with a chance to boost their respective soft power and lay the groundwork for a more peaceful order in East Asia. The article thus argues that the Sino-Japanese soft power battle contains both well-known pitfalls and a less well-known promise.

  • 118.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Appelgren, Staffan
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Introduktion: Varför Japan?2015Inngår i: Japan nu: Strömningar och perspektiv, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2015, 2nd, s. 15-28Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 119.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Bremberg, NiklasStockholms universitet och Utrikespolitiska institutet.Holmberg, AritaFörsvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Att forska: praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 120.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Gustafsson, Karl
    Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Japan and identity change: why it matters in international relations2016Inngår i: Identity change and foreign policy: Japan and its 'others' / [ed] Linus Hagström, London and New York: Routledge, 2016, s. 1-22Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 121.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen. Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Gustafsson, Karl
    Utrikespolitiska Institutet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Japan and identity change: Why it matters in International Relations2015Inngår i: The Pacific Review, ISSN 0951-2748, E-ISSN 1470-1332, Vol. 28, nr 1, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Two approaches to identity have been employed to explore issues in Japan's international relations. One views identity as constituted by domestic norms and culture, and as constitutive of interests, which in turn cause behaviour. Proponents view Japan's ‘pacifist’ and ‘antimilitarist’ identity as inherently stable and likely to change only as a result of material factors. In the other approach, ‘Japan’ emerges and changes through processes of differentiation vis-à-vis ‘Others’. Neither ‘domestic’ nor ‘material’ factors can exist outside of such identity constructions. We argue that the second, relational, approach is more theoretically sound, but begs three questions. First, how can different identity constructions in relation to numerous Others be synthesised and understood comprehensively? Second, how can continuity and change be handled in the same relational framework? Third, what is the point of analysing identity in relational terms? This article addresses the first two questions by introducing an analytical framework consisting of three mutually interacting layers of identity construction. Based on the articles in this special issue, we argue that identity entrepreneurs and emotions are particularly likely to contribute to change within this model. We address the third question by stressing common ground with the first approach: identity enables and constrains behaviour. In the case of Japan, changes in identity construction highlighted by the articles in this special issue forebode a political agenda centred on strengthening Japan militarily.

  • 122.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhetspolitik och strategi.
    Gustafsson, Karl
    Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Japan's Pacifism Is Dead2018Inngår i: Survival (London. 1959), ISSN 0039-6338, E-ISSN 1468-2699, Vol. 60, nr 6, s. 137-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Japan can now do more or less everything that other, more ‘normal’ countries do in the security field.

  • 123.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Gustafsson, Karl
    Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Narrative power: how storytelling shapes East Asian international politics2019Inngår i: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, ISSN 0955-7571, E-ISSN 1474-449X, Vol. 32, nr 4, s. 387-406Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We are living at a time when people appear to have become more aware of the power of narratives in international politics. Understanding how narratives exercise power is therefore more pertinent than ever. This special issue develops the concept of narrative power for international relations research by focusing on East Asia—the region that has been at the centre of debates about international power shifts since the 1990s. This introduction seeks to elucidate and define four key binary distinctions: (a) narrative power as understood from the perspective of an individualist versus a narrative ontology; (b) narrative power as explanandum versus explanans; (c) narrative power as more prone to continuity or change; and (d) the scholar as a detached observer of narrative power versus the scholar as a narrative entrepreneur and a potential wielder of power. Informed by the individual contributions, the introduction demonstrates how and with what implications research on narrative power can negotiate and traverse these binary distinctions.

  • 124.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Gustafsson, Karl
    Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Narrative power: how storytelling shapes East Asian international politics2019Inngår i: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, ISSN 0955-7571, E-ISSN 1474-449X, s. 1-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We are living at a time when people appear to have become more aware of the power of narratives in international politics. Understanding how narratives exercise power is therefore more pertinent than ever. This special issue develops the concept of narrative power for international relations research by focusing on East Asia—the region that has been at the centre of debates about international power shifts since the 1990s. This introduction seeks to elucidate and define four key binary distinctions: (a) narrative power as understood from the perspective of an individualist versus a narrative ontology; (b) narrative power as explanandum versus explanans; (c) narrative power as more prone to continuity or change; and (d) the scholar as a detached observer of narrative power versus the scholar as a narrative entrepreneur and a potential wielder of power. Informed by the individual contributions, the introduction demonstrates how and with what implications research on narrative power can negotiate and traverse these binary distinctions.

  • 125.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hanssen, Ulv
    Freie Universität Berlin, Tyskland.
    The North Korean abduction issue: Emotions, securitisation and the reconstruction of Japanese identity from ‘aggressor’ to ‘victim’ and from ‘pacifist’ to ‘normal’2016Inngår i: Identity change and foreign policy: Japan and its 'others' / [ed] Linus Hagström, London and New York: Routledge, 2016, s. 71-93Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 126.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen. Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Hanssen, Ulv
    The Free University of Berlin.
    The North Korean abduction issue: emotions, securitisation and the reconstruction of Japanese identity from 'aggressor' to 'victim' and from 'pacifist' to 'normal'2015Inngår i: The Pacific Review, ISSN 0951-2748, E-ISSN 1470-1332, Vol. 28, nr 1, s. 71-93Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After Kim Jong-il's confession in 2002 that North Korean agents had abducted thirteen Japanese citizens in the 1970s and 1980s, North Korea has become the most detested country in Japan, and the normalisation of bilateral relations has been put on the back burner. The abduction issue has taken precedence in Japan even over North Korea's development of nuclear weapons and long-range missiles. It has also grossly overshadowed the atrocities for which Imperial Japan was responsible in the 20th century. Why has there been such strong emphasis on an issue that could be disregarded as comparatively ‘less important’? This article understands the ascendency of the abduction issue as the epitome of an identity shift under way in Japan – from the identity of a curiously ‘peaceful’ and inherently ‘abnormal’ state, to that of a more ‘normal’ one. The differentiation of North Korea as ‘abnormal’ emphasises Japan's own (claim to) ‘normality’. Indeed, by incarnating the perils of Japan's own ‘pacifist’ ‘abnormality’, which has been so central to the collective sense of Japanese ‘Self’ in the post-war period, the abduction issue has become a very emotional argument for Japan's ‘normalisation’ in security and defence terms. The transformation from ‘abnormal’ to ‘normal’ is further enabled by Japan trading places with North Korea in the discourse, so that Japan is defined as ‘victim’ (rather than former aggressor) and North Korea as ‘aggressor’ (rather than former victim). What is at stake here is the question whether Japan is ‘normalising’ or ‘remilitarising’, and the role of the abduction issue discourse in enabling such foreign and security policy change.

  • 127.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hanssen, Ulv
    The Free University of Berlin.
    War is Peace: The Re-articulation of ‘Peace’ in Japan’s China Discourse2016Inngår i: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 42, nr 2, s. 266-286Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article demonstrates that a national identity defined by a normative commitment to peace is not necessarily an antidote to remilitarisation and war. More specifically, the article takes issue with the debate about the trajectory of Japan’s security and defence policy. One strand of the debate holds that Japan is normatively committed to peace while the other claims that Japan is in the process of remilitarising. This article argues that the two positions are not mutually exclusive – a point that has been overlooked in the literature. The article uses discourse analysis to trace how ‘peace’ was discussed in debates about China in the Japanese Diet in 1972 and 2009–12. It demonstrates how rearticulations by right wing discourses in the latter period have depicted peace as something that must be defended actively, and thus as compatible with remilitarisation or military normalisation. Japan’s changing peace identity could undermine rather than stabilise peaceful relations with its East Asian neighbours.

  • 128.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Isaksson, Erik
    Institute for Security and Development Policy, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pacifist Identity, Civics Textbooks, and the Opposition to Japan's Security Legislation2019Inngår i: Journal of Japanese Studies, ISSN 0095-6848, E-ISSN 1549-4721, Vol. 45, nr 1, s. 31-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines Japanese processes of self-formation as reflected in junior high school civics textbooks, comparing books published in 1990 and 2012. It demonstrates surprising continuity in how books from the two years construct a pacifist self in sharp contrast to Japan's prewar and wartime belligerence. We argue that this kind of antagonistic temporal othering has continued to socialize Japanese students into a "peace identity" and helps to explain the strong grassroots opposition to the Japanese government's 2015 announcement of laws to back up its position that Japan can exercise collective self-defense.

  • 129.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Lundborg, Tom
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Nato-förespråkarnas argumentation alltför förenklad2015Inngår i: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. 06-12, s. 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 130.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Lundborg, Tom
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Natomedlemskap gör Sverige mindre säkert2015Inngår i: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. 06-09, s. 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 131.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Moberg, PiaGöteborgs universitet.
    Japan nu: Strömningar och perspektiv2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 132.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhet. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Nordin, Astrid
    Lancaster University China Centre, Lancaster University, United Kingdom; Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    China's “Politics of Harmony” and the Quest for Soft Power in International Politics2019Inngår i: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, s. 1-19, artikkel-id viz023Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article engages with China's “politics of harmony” to investigate the dangers and possibilities of soft power as a concept and practice. Chinese sources claim that China will be able to exercise soft power due to its tradition of thinking about harmony. Indeed, the concept of harmony looms large in Chinese soft power campaigns, which differentiate China's own harmonious soft power from the allegedly disharmonious hard power of other great powers—in particular Western powers and Japan. Yet, similarly dichotomizing harmony discourses have been employed precisely in the West and Japan. In all three cases, such harmony discourses set a rhetorical trap, forcing audiences to empathize and identify with the “harmonious” self or risk being violently “harmonized.” There is no doubt that the soft power of harmony is coercive. More importantly, the present article argues that it has legitimized and enabled oppressive, homogenizing, and bellicose expansionism and rule in the West and Japan. A similarly structured exercise of soft power may enable violence in and beyond China, too. Ultimately, however, we argue that China's own tradition of thinking about harmony may help us to theorize how soft power might be exercised in less antagonistic and violent ways.

  • 133.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhet. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Pan, Chengxin
    Deakin University, Australia.
    Traversing the Soft/Hard Power Binary: The Case of the Sino-Japanese Territorial Dispute2019Inngår i: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Soft power and hard power are conceptualised in International Relations as empirically and normatively dichotomous, and practically opposite – one intangible, attractive, and legitimate, the other tangible, coercive, and less legitimate. This article critiques this binary conceptualisation, arguing that it is discursively constructed with and for the construction of Self and Other. It further demonstrates that practices commonly labelled and understood as soft power and hard power are closely interconnected. Best understood as ‘representational force’ and ‘physical force’ respectively, soft and hard power intertwine through the operation of productive and disciplinary forms of power. We illustrate this argument by analysing the Sino-Japanese dispute over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands. Both governments exercise representational force in constructing their respective versions of events and Self/Other. The soft/hard power binary itself plays a performative role as the Self is typically associated with soft power and the Other with hard power. The operation of productive power, moreover, privileges the attractiveness of the former and the repellence of the latter, and disciplinary power physically enforces these distinctions on subjects in both states. Finally, reinforced Self/Other distinctions legitimise preparations for violence against the Other on both sides, thus exposing how fundamentally entangled soft and hard power are in practice.

  • 134.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen. The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Marksektionen (Mark). The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Hanssen, Ulv
    The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Allt bör göras för att bygga relationer med Nordkorea2017Inngår i: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 135.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Amerikas Förenta Stater, USA2009Inngår i: Utländska politiska system / [ed] Rutger Lindahl, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2009, 13, s. 116-157Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 136.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Anti-money laundering in the United States2012Inngår i: Securitization, Accountability and Risk Management: Tranforming the Public Security Domain / [ed] Karin Svedberg Helgesson and Ulrika Mörth, London and New York: Routledge, 2012, s. 56-69Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 137.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Handledning av doktorander: en ömsesidigt utvecklande relation2016Inngår i: Att forska: praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen / [ed] Linus Hagström, Niklas Bremberg, Arita Holmberg, Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016, s. 77-95Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 138.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Så styrs USA2009 (oppl. 1.)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 139.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    The future of transatlantic security: a new strategic triangle2008Inngår i: EU enlargement and the transatlantic alliance: a security relationship in flux / [ed] Sven Biscop & Johan Lembke, Bouldeer: Lynne Rienner , 2008Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 140.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet och strategi (ISS), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    The Quest for Control: USA.s säkerhetspolitik efter 11 september2009 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 141.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    USA som global säkerhetspolitisk aktör efter presidentinstallationen 20132015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 142.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    USA som säkerhetspolitisk aktör 20142015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 143.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    USA som säkerhetspolitisk aktör 20152015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 144.
    Hallenberg, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    USA som säkerhetspolitisk aktör 2016: Arvet efter Obama och förväntningarna på Donald Trump2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The report assesses the presidency of Barack Obama, with a focus on transatlantic security relations. Other foreign and security policy issues are also examined. In addition, four crucial domestic policy that helped define the administration are reviewed in depth, in order to arrive at an overall assessment of Barack Obama as president. The second part of the report examines what we may expect from Donald Trump as president, again with a focus on transatlantic security relations and again with an analysis of fundamental domestic issues.

  • 145.
    Hammarstedt, Anna
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhet.
    Swallowing Stories2017Inngår i: Journal of Narrative Politics, ISSN 2368-2507, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 13-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 146.
    Hanssen, Ulv
    et al.
    Japaninstitutet, Handelshögskolan, Stockholm, Sverige; FU Berlin.
    Hagström, Linus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Marksektionen (Mark).
    Tøffere press og sanksjoner mot Nord-Korea er ineffektivt og kanskje også kontraproduktivt2017Inngår i: Verdens gang, ISSN 0806-0894, artikkel-id 9 oktoberArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 147.
    Hellberg, Patrik
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    De-europeiseringen av Europa: En studie av Europeiska kommissionens och Tysklands agerande under flyktingkrisen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 148.
    Hellman, Maria
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Assuming great power responsibility: French strategic culture and international military operations2016Inngår i: European participation in international operations: the role of strategic culture / [ed] Malena Britz, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, s. 23-48Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 149.
    Hellman, Maria
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    'Le petit coq gaullois' or 'the global diplomat'?: How France's self-image is reflected in the press discourse on the United States, 1984-20092011Inngår i: International journal of cultural studies, ISSN 1367-8779, E-ISSN 1460-356X, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 53-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore the extent to which the self-image of France expressed in relation to the United States has changed with changes in US foreign policy and paradigmatic changes in the international system. The article explores how the French political and intellectual elites related to the USA in the discourse of Le Monde and Le Figaro in 1984, 1994, 2004 and 2009. The analysis indicates that France's self-image is connected to multilateralism, liberalism and cultural protectionism. The stabilizing effect of political culture is suggested as an explanation for the fact that the press represented France's self-image in a more or less similar manner while different roles were ascribed to the USA over time.

  • 150.
    Hellman, Maria
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Milblogs and soldier representations of the Afghanistan War: the case of Sweden2016Inngår i: Media, War & Conflict, ISSN 1750-6352, E-ISSN 1750-6360, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 43-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on the notion that military blogs (milblogs) can support national strategic narratives, the aim of the article is to deepen our knowledge of exactly how blogging that depicts soldiers' personal experiences of 'everyday life' can serve to support a strategic narrative. This article explores empirically how Swedish milblogs published between January 2010 and April 2012 articulate the experience of being a soldier in the Afghanistan mission. The analysis shows that soldiering is treated as an everyday practice, de-dramatized and routinized where military assignments are meshed with civilian duties. The article concludes that the 'normalization' of war in milblogs can potentially serve to strengthen national strategic narratives, facilitate recruitment of soldiers and add to growing 'militarism' in society.

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