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  • 101.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Utbildning i ledarskapets mörka sidor med fokus på underställdas motivation: lärarhandledning2008Report (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Utbildning i tillit - med fokus på försvarsmaktens internationella uppdrag: Lärarhandledning2007Report (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Berggren, Anders
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Tillit under påfrestande förhållanden vid internationella missioner2006Report (Other academic)
  • 104. Forsberg, E.
    et al.
    Hall-Lord, M-L.
    Starrin, B.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Från reform till verklighet: deltagarbaserad handikappforskning i sex svenska kommuner : slutrapport1996Report (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Friman, Yvonne
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Kylin, Camilla
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Irreguljära hot - krav på militärt ledarskap: En litteraturöversikt2007Report (Other academic)
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  • 106. Hagquist, C.
    et al.
    Starrín, B.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Centrum för folkhälsoforskning, Högskolan i Karlstad.
    Ungdomars alkohol- och rökvanor: En studie av lokala variationer1992Report (Other academic)
  • 107. Hall-Lord, M-L.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    The Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Boström, I.
    Elderly patients' experiences of pain and distress in intensive care: A grounded theory study1994In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 133-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to develop a theoretical understanding of elderly patients' experiences of pain and distress in intensive care, using a grounded theory approach. 18 patients, 7 women and 11 men, were interviewed and observed in an intensive care unit (ICU). Their average age was 76.5, varying from 70–85. A model was generated from data, according to which elderly patients' experiences of pain and distress in intensive care can be described as four interrelated aspects: a sensory, an intellectual, an emotional, and an existential dimension. 16 categories form the four dimensions. The categories, in turn, are grounded in a number of interview and observational data. The sensory dimension is formed by the categories physical pain, physical discomfort, fatigue, and breathing problems, and the intellectual dimension by the categories not knowing, difficulty in expressing oneself/not being understood and confused perception of reality. The categories in the emotional dimension are worry, fear, resignation, bitterness, anger/irritation and dependency. Finally, the existential dimension is formed by the categories despair, threat to life and death acceptance. The categories within the four dimensions may be separate, but often they interact and influence each other in various ways. The model is discussed in relation to existing models and definitions of pain, where the intellectual and existential dimensions in particular have not been emphasized in a similar way.

  • 108. Hall-Lord, M-L.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Steen, B.
    Chronic pain and distress among elderly in the community: Comparison of patients' experiences and enrolled nurses' assessments1999In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 45-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: This study compared elderly patients' reported experiences of pain and distress with enrolled nurses' assessments and related potential differences to patient and enrolled nurse characteristics.

    BACKGROUND: Many elderly suffer from chronic pain but few studies have focused on this group of patients.

    METHODS: Data were collected through personal interviews with 38 patients and questionnaires completed by 38 enrolled nurses.

    FINDINGS: Enrolled nurses underestimated patients' experiences of physical pain, physical discomfort, breathing problems, resignation, and dependency. Pain and distress were overestimated by enrolled nurses who had lower scores on three of the five personality scales used. In contrast, enrolled nurses who had higher scores on these personality scales tended to underestimate the patients' pain and distress.

    CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to develop staff training programmes in order to optimize the care for elderly patients with chronic pain in the community.

  • 109. Hall-Lord, M-L.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Steen, B.
    Chronic pain and distress in older people: A cluster analysis1999In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 78-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic pain represents a major health problem among older people. The aims of the present study were to: (i) identify various profiles of pain and distress experiences among older patients; and (ii) compare whether background variables, sense of coherence, functional ability and experiences of interventions aimed at reducing pain and distress varied among the patient profiles. Interviews were carried out with 42 older patients. A cluster analysis yielded three clusters, each representing a different profile of patients. Case illustrations are provided for each profile. There were no differences between the clusters, regarding intensity and duration of pain. One profile, with subjects of advanced age, showed a decreased functional ability and favourable scores in most of the categories of pain and distress. Another profile of patients showed favourable mean scores in all categories. The third cluster of patients showed unfavourable scores in most categories of pain and distress. There appears to be a need to treat the three groups of patients in different ways in the caring situation.

  • 110. Hall-Lord, M-L.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Göteborg University.
    Steen, B.
    Pain and distress among elderly intensive care unit patients: Comparison of patients' experiences and nurses' assessments1998In: Heart & Lung, ISSN 0147-9563, E-ISSN 1527-3288, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 123-132Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 111. Hall-Lord, M-L.
    et al.
    Steen, B.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Postoperative experiences of pain and distress in the elderly patients: An explorative study1999In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 11, p. 73-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore postoperative experiences of pain and distress in elderly patients, as well as interventions aimed at reducing these conditions, on three occasions. The study group was composed of 100 patients who had undergone elective surgery in two orthopedic and two general surgical units. Of the 50 patients in the orthopedic units, 26 had undergone hip arthroplasty and 24 knee arthroplasty: of the 50 patients in the general surgical units, 23 had had breast cancer surgery, and 27 abdominal surgery. The patients were interviewed, using a structured interview format, on three occasions; at the ward on the first and second day after surgery, and by telephone about ten days after discharge from hospital. Within both the sensory and the emotional dimensions, logistic regression analyses showed that the dependent variables of pain and distress were significantly related above all to type of surgery and sense of coherence (SOC). In a cluster analysis, three meaningful clusters of patients were obtained. The patients in the different profiles showed variations in their experiences of pain and distress. The 12 patients with the least favorable scores had weaker SOC than the patients in the other profiles. It is concluded that type of surgery and psychological factors influenced patients' experiences of pain and distress after undergoing surgery. These experiences should be reduced by identifying risk patients, and improving assistance and support in the nursing ward, and also when patients have returned home.

  • 112. Hedelin, B.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Hälsohögskolan i Värmland.
    Underlag för hälsohögskolans i Värmland kommande handlingsprogram för forskningsanknytning1988Report (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Hedlund, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Leadership.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Josefsson, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Command and Control Section.
    Ohlsson, Alicia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Ledarskap och ledning i en förändrad organisatorisk kontext2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande bok har ambitionen att sätta samman tre års forskningsresultat (2016-2018) inom ramen för det av Försvarsmakten (FM) finansierade forskningsprojektet Ledarskap och ledning i en förändrad organisatorisk kontext och omsätta kunskaper till ett pedagogiskt och lättillgängligt material som kan användas i såväl Försvarshögskolans ordinarie kurs- och utbildningsprogram, som enskild läsning eller som utgångspunkt för gruppdiskussioner, seminarier och förberedelser inför något av de teman som tas upp i boken. Bokens innehåll speglar forskningsprojektets sammansättning som består av forskare från Ledarskapsavdelningen i Stockholm, Försvarshögskolans Ledarskapscentrum i Karlstad, och Ledningsvetenskap i Stockholm. Att bokens empiri kommer från militär kontext hindrar inte att bokens innehåll även kan vara av stort intresse för civila läsare, särskilt inom ramen för dem med intresse för civil-militär samverkan i såväl nationella som internationella insatser.

  • 114.
    Holmberg, Martin
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Bynander, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    A multidisciplinary approach to studying a societal crisis2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 115.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Betydelsen av ledarskap, sammanhållning och kamratstöd för prevention och återhämtning/rehabilitering av individuella stressreaktioner: En litteraturöversikt2010Report (Other academic)
  • 116.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Militära ledares anpassningsförmåga vid oväntade och påfrestande händelser2009Report (Other academic)
  • 117.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Fors, Maria
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Eid, Jarle
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Kjellevold Olsen, Olav
    Department of Leadership Development, Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Bergen, Norway.
    Trust at first sight: Swift trust in leaders in temporary military groups2011In: Team Performance Management, ISSN 1352-7592, E-ISSN 1758-6860, Vol. 17, no 7/8, p. 354-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The study seeks to illuminate factors that benefit, or do not benefit, the development of swift trust towards leaders in temporary military groups.

    Design/methodology/approach – The study group comprised 50 Norwegian cadets, 34 Norwegian military officers, 317 Swedish cadets, and 190 Swedish military officers. Data were gathered using a questionnaire which included two open-ended questions on aspects which contribute to swift trust (and lack thereof) towards leaders, as well as Likert-scale questions on temporary group characteristics, and a personality inventory.

    Findings – A qualitative clustering analysis of the open-ended responses yielded a hierarchical model of aspects which contribute to swift trust (or the lack thereof) with the following two superior categories: individual-related characteristics such as emotional stability and relationship-related characteristics such as encourage involvement and creativity. The latter superior category covaried most strongly with ratings of the groups' performance.

    Research limitations/implications – The results need to be substantiated by further research in other professional groups and cultures.

    Practical implications – The findings can help leaders of temporary groups become more conscious of how they may affect the group members' development of swift trust.

    Originality/value – The hierarchical and detailed model of aspects which contribute to swift trust in leaders of temporary groups is new.

  • 118.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Ohlsson, Alicia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Kallenberg, Kjell
    Örebro universitetssjukhus.
    Waaler, Gudmund
    Sjøkrigsskolen, Norge.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Contextual factors affecting moral stress: a study of military and police officers2016In: International journal of public leadership, ISSN 2056-4929, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 275-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to identify and gain a deeper understanding of environmental, organizational, and group conditions, and leadership-related issues in particular, in severely stressful situations involving a moral stressor faced by military and police officers.

    Design/methodology/approach

    A combined deductive and inductive approach was used, and in total 23 military and police officers, all having experience of morally difficult decisions during severely stressful conditions, were interviewed.

    Findings

    A hierarchical conceptual framework of contextual characteristics was developed. The environmental, organizational, leadership-related, and group aspects identified in this study on morally stressful situations resemble findings from general research on work and stress. However, a stronger emphasis was put on leaders’ handling of values and his or her ability to confront senior management when needed.

    Practical implications

    The results suggest that well-documented methods aimed at the prevention of, and recovery from, work-related stress, also can be used in the case of extreme situations involving moral stressors.

    Originality/value

    The interplay between leadership and extreme situations involving moral stressors is, to the best of the knowledge, understudied.

  • 119.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    The new role of commander: Technical woking report2011Report (Other academic)
  • 120. Jernfält, M.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Utvärdering av glesbygdsprojekt: HLR-utbildning till allmänheten i Torsby kommun1995Report (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Johansson, Ann
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Andersson, Lars
    Danielsson, Erna
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Johansson, Eva
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Michel, P-O.
    Robertson, I.
    Utvecklande ledarskap: Lärarhandledning2000Report (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Johansson, Eva
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    A model for understanding stress and daily experiences among soldiers in peacekeeping operations1998In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 124-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on research that aimed to develop a deeper theoretical understanding of the UN peacekeeping soldiers’ experiences of their daily service, from their own perspective, using a grounded theory approach. Study participants were Swedish UN peacekeeping personnel who served in former Yugoslavia from Autumn 1993 to Autumn 1995. A model was developed, according to which UN peacekeeping soldiers’ experiences of their daily service are formed by the dynamic interplay between external influencing factors and internal peacekeeping force factors. The external factors comprise: the service environment including the parties to a dispute, the media and the soldier's private social network. Most of the soldiers’ responses concerning the environment were about low‐intensity stress and fear of losing control of their aggressiveness. The internal peacekeeping force factors include the recruitment principles, the preparatory training, leadership issues and personal characteristics of the individual soldiers. The model indicates that internal factors can be modified in ways that might make it possible to reduce the impact of the external factors. The generalizability of the model needs to be evaluated in future studies involving different kinds of peacekeeping missions.

  • 123.
    Johansson, Eva
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Swedish peacekeepers in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A quantitative analysis2001In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 64-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes the prototypical peacekeeping soldier and his experiences, based on a sample of all male soldiers serving in mechanized infantry companies in the first four Swedish UN battalions in Bosnia and Herzegovina (N = 1,238). A questionnaire was administered as a part of the demobilization programme. The prototypical peacekeeper is male, 20–25 years old, single, serves in a mechanized infantry company, and is on his first UN mission. Four different types of motives for joining the service were identified. The degree of perceived family support co‐varied strongly with service experiences. Favourable evaluations of the service period were associated with good relations with commanders and peers, perceiving few tasks as boring, but also with a high exposure to stressful events. The positive association with stress exposure may be related to the fact that no Swedish peacekeepers were killed during this period, which in turn probably contributed to experiences of invulnerability among the exposed soldiers while also increasing their social status among peers.

  • 124.
    Johansson, Eva
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Villighet att medverka i framtida internationella insatsstyrkor2000Report (Other academic)
  • 125. Johansson, I.
    et al.
    Athlin, E.
    Frykholm, L.
    Bolinder, H.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Intermittent versus indwelling catheters for older patients with hip fractures2002In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 651-656Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing staff identified postoperative urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with hip fracture as an increasing problem. A quality improvement project was carried out to investigate the problem and to reduce the incidence. The aim of the study was to describe the occurrence of UTI among patients with hip fracture before and after surgery, to assess whether the decision to use intermittent catheters instead of indwelling catheters was adopted and to test the hypothesis that hospital stay is significantly longer for patients with UTI than for those without infection. One hundred and forty-four patients were investigated for bacteriuria before the first catheterization and 1 week after the last catheterization. Positive urine cultures on admission to hospital were found in 38% of patients. Among those free from bacteria on admission, 61% had a positive urine culture after indwelling catheterization compared with 32% in the group treated with intermittent catetherization. A significantly longer hospital stay (P less than or equal to 0.05) was found among patients with UTI. The reason for using an indwelling catheter was not found in any medical or nursing documentation for 29% of the patients. The study points to the necessity for systematic assessment to detect and prevent UTI among older patients with hip fracture.

  • 126. Johansson, I.
    et al.
    Athlin, E.
    Frykholm, L
    Boliner, H.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Urinary tract infections among patients with hip fracture: A study within a nursin quality improvement project2002In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 11, p. 651-656Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 127. Johansson, I.
    et al.
    Hamrin, E.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Evaluation of the prognostic value of the Health Assessment Form among patients clinically ready for discharge1994In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 77-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to identify patterns of physical, psychological, and social conditions that may be of prognostic value when it comes to assessing continued care of patients clinically ready for discharge; a related aim was to evaluate instruments used for this identification, especially a Swedish version of the health assessment form. The sample consisted of 53 consecutive patients (mean age 82.8 years, SD = 6.6 years) All patients came from their own homes and were admitted to surgical and orthopaedic departments. Interviews were carried out on the day the patients were assessed as medically ready for discharge, and a second time 1 month later. The health assessment form measured the persons' social and environmental situation, health history, and functional health status, and another instrument measured the persons' sense of coherence. Few significant differences in functional health status were noted between persons who could return to their homes (n =25) and persons who were referred to institutions after discharge (n = 17). However, the persons being referred to institutions showed less favourable scores within the areas of mood, sense of coherence, and worries about their home accommodation situation. When another sub-group was included (patients who died between the interview occasions; n = 8), significant differences were also noted in the health functions breathing, digestion, elimination, and body movement. Sense of coherence had a significant prognostic value for the continued care after discharge irrespective of whether the deceased patients were included or not.

  • 128. Johansson, I.
    et al.
    Hamrin, E.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Psychometric testing of the NEECHAM Confusion Scale among patients with hip fracture2002In: Research in Nursing & Health, ISSN 0160-6891, E-ISSN 1098-240X, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 203-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of a Swedish translation of the NEECHAM Confusion Scale among 73 patients having surgery for hip fractures. Cronbach's alpha before and 7 days after surgery were .73 and .82, respectively. Principal-component analyses yielded three factors explaining 69% of the variance of the variables preoperatively and 73.6% of the variance 7 days postoperatively. Four months after discharge vital function, factor II in the NEECHAM scale, significantly predicted the total score on the Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life Index. Items reflecting information processing, behavior, and urinary continence, factor I, also predicted functional capacity, using the Standardized Practical Equipment test, a tool measuring instrumental daily activity. The scale seems to be a reliable and valid instrument for evaluating acute confusional state among patients with hip fracture.

  • 129. Johansson, I.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    The Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Hamrin, E.
    Decentralized nursing organization in a surgical department: Effects on work satisfaction and quality of care1994In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 3, p. 169-175Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 130. Johansson, I.
    et al.
    Wilde, B.
    Athlin, E.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    DySSSy i Värmland: Exempel på kvalitetssäkringsarbete vid centralsjukhuset i Karlstad1994In: Kvalitetssäkring inom omvårdnad: Olika perspektiv / [ed] G. Udén, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 1994, p. 69-76Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Jonsson, Emma
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Lindgren, Rose-Marie
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Rekryteringsunderlaget 2011: Det första året med ett frivilligbaserat försvar2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Försvarsmakter som övergått från plikt till frivillighet har funnit att detta inneburit förändringar i rekryteringsunderlagets kvalitet. Syftet med föreliggande rapport var att följa det svenska rekryteringsunderlagets utveckling, kvantitativt och kvalitativt, i övergången från ett på värnplikt baserat försvar till ett försvar som bygger på frivillighet.

     

    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 132.
    Jonsson, Emma
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Centre for Societal Security, Leadership Concepts Division.
    Lundin, Josi
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Karlstad.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Karlstad.
    How leadership course trainers cope with difficult course situations2023In: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract

    This study aimed to explore how facilitators of group dynamic and structured leadership courses cope with difficult situations during the course, and to relate their coping strategies to general individual characteristics and situation-specific appraisals. The study group consisted of facilitators of two of the most widespread leadership courses in Sweden: 110 facilitators of the course Understanding Group and Leader (UGL) and 111 facilitators of Developmental leadership (DL). A web-based questionnaire included descriptions of two difficult interpersonal course situations and questions on personality, general leadership style as well as situation-specific appraisal and coping. Three coping strategies were identified (factor analyses): Focus on course structure, Focus on psychological safety and Focus on own reflection. These factors were positively correlated. Weak associations were observed between the coping strategies and personality and general leadership style. Situation-specific appraisals covaried more strongly with the coping strategies. The findings suggest that reflection based on these coping strategies can lead to increased self-awareness and self-confidence on part of the facilitator. The findings may also help leadership course facilitators to cope more effectively, which in turn creates trust in the group that they are leading. The study contributes to the understanding of a limited research area; how leadership course facilitators cope with difficult course situations. The results provide guidance on how to cope more effectively. Practical implications include aspects to focus on in the training of leadership course facilitators.

  • 133.
    Jonsson, Emma
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Försvarsmaktens folk- och samhällsförankring: trender, drivkrafter och bakgrundsförhållanden som kan påverka det svenska försvarets folk- och samhällsförankring i ett långsiktigt strategiskt perspektiv2010Report (Other academic)
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  • 134.
    Jonsson, Emma
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Samhället och Försvarsmakten: Försvarsmaktens samhällsförankring i ett långsiktigt strategiskt perspektiv2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att, utifrån ett aktörsperspektiv, kartlägga långsiktiga och tidlösa faktorer av potentiell betydelse för samhällets relation till Försvarsmakten (FM). Politiker, företrädare för myndigheter och näringsliv på nationell och lokal nivå deltog i studien. FM samhällsfunktion undersöktes utifrån teman som berörde bland annat kunskapen om FM och förtroendet för FM. Rapport avslutas med en diskussion om långsiktig värdeförskjutning och tidlösa faktorer för en gynnsam samhällsförankring, följt av förslag på åtgärder som FM kan göra för att samhället ska få ökad kunskap, förståelse, förtroende, trovärdighet och legitimitet i samhället nu och på lång sikt.

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  • 135. Jonsson, I.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Wilde, B.
    Kunskap räddar liv: Effekter av utbildningssatsning i sjukvård för brandman deltid: delrapport1997Report (Other academic)
  • 136. Jonsson, I.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Wilde Larsson, B.
    Kunskap räddar liv: Effekter av utbildningssatsning i sjukvård för brandman deltid. Del 21997Report (Other academic)
  • 137. Kallenberg, K.
    et al.
    Bråkenheim, C-R.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Tro och värderingar i 90-talets Sverige: om samspelet livsåskådning, moral och hälsa1996Book (Other academic)
  • 138. Kallenberg, K.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Den svåra konsten att mäta hälsa1999In: Psykologtidningen, ISSN 0280-9702, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 4-7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 139. Kallenberg, K.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Söderfält, B.
    View of life and health1997In: Archive for the Psychology of Religion/ Archiv für Religionspsychologie, ISSN 0084-6724, E-ISSN 1573-6121, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 237-249Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 140. Kallenberg, Kjell
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Människans hälsa: Livsåskådning och personlighet2000Book (Other academic)
  • 141.
    Kallenberg, Kjell
    et al.
    Örebro universitetssjukhus, Sverige.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Moralisk stress och ledarskap2016Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I alla tider har människor plågats av svåra moraliska val, ibland till synes omöjliga. Men det är först på senare år som man har börjat uppmärksamma moralisk stress. Den kan uppkomma i arbetslivet. Den påverkar och påverkas av ledarskap.

    Ledarskap utövas i ett socialt och kulturellt sammanhang med mer eller mindre tydliga normer och värderingar. Men hur ser de ut och i vilken utsträckning delar vi dem? Och vad gör vi när våra egna och den omgivande organisationens värderingar inte stämmer överens?

    Boken belyser olika aspekter av ledarskap, organisationers värderingar och den enskildes val och beslut.

    Framställningen bygger delvis på författarnas egen forskning men behandlar även utförligt hur man förebygger, hanterar och bemästrar moralisk stress på såväl individ- som organisationsnivå.

  • 142. Kjellevold Olsen, Olav
    et al.
    Eid, Jarle
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Leadership and Ethical Justice Behavior in a High Moral Intensity Operational Context 2010In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, E-ISSN 1532-7876, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 137-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study explores the relationship between moral behavior in a high moral intensity context and leadership behavior in Norwegian naval officer cadets (N = 82). Peer ratings of leadership behavior were used as predictor variables, and ethical justice behavior, defined as the disclosure of sensitive information in a demanding prisoner-of-war exercise, was used as an outcome measure. A hierarchical regression analysis revealed that transactional leadership explained 19% of the variance in ethical justice behavior, whereas transformational leadership did not augment this effect. However, in a model including all facets of the full range of leadership model, 25% of the variance in leaders' ethical justice behaviors was accounted for, with high scores on the transformational facet of Intellectual Stimulation (β = -.45, p < .05) and low on Individual Consideration (β = .44, p < .05) combined with high scores on the transactional facet Contingent Reward (β = -.68, p < .01) as significant predictors. The present data indicate that there is a strong component of ethical behavior embedded in both transactional and transformational leadership.

  • 143. Klässbo, M.
    et al.
    Harms-Ringdahl, K.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Examination of passive ROM and capsular patterns in the hip2003In: Physiotherapy Research International, ISSN 1358-2267, E-ISSN 1471-2865, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Purpose

    The present study was conducted to examine passive hip range of motion (PROM) for patients with hip dysfunction, including pain, with or without hip osteoarthritis, to arrange and describe PROM patterns and to count the number of hips presenting Cyriax's and Kaltenborn's capsular patterns.

    Method

    The study is theory-testing, observational, cross-sectional and descriptive. One hundred and sixty-eight patients (mean age 61.7 years, range 36–90 years), 50 with no hip osteoarthritis, 77 with unilateral hip osteoarthritis and 41 with bilateral osteoarthritis, based on radiological reports, were consecutively recruited by physicians in primary health care and orthopaedic settings. One examiner tested PROM bilaterally, by use of a goniometer and a standardized protocol. PROM limitations were calculated by comparing norms from the symptom-free hips (n = 100) in the study, from Kaltenborn and, in patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis (n = 77), from the non-osteoarthritis hip. The limitations were arranged by size in PROM patterns. The patterns and the numbers of hips with patterns corresponding to Cyriax's and Kaltenborn's capsular patterns were counted.

    Results

    Between 68 and 138 PROM patterns were identified by use of different PROM norms for defining limitations. Few osteoarthritis hips showed Cyriax's capsular pattern and none Kaltenborn's capsular pattern.

    Conclusions

    The concept of capsular pattern for the hip should be re-examined. No support was found in the present study for its existence. It is impossible to anticipate radiological evidence of hip osteoarthritis from the multitude of PROM patterns. Every patient should be regarded as unique.

  • 144. Klässbo, M.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Harms-Ringdahl, K.
    Promising outcome of a Hip School for patients with hip dysfunktion2003In: Arthritis Care and Research, ISSN 0893-7524, E-ISSN 1529-0123, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 321-327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    To evaluate, in an exploratory study, a hip school led by physical therapists for patients with hip dysfunction including pain.

    Methods

    Physicians in primary care and orthopedic units consecutively recruited patients by residential area to a treatment group (T group; n = 77) and a control group (C group; n = 68), mean age 61.8 years, 59 men, 86 women. Ninety-nine of the 145 subjects had radiologic hip osteoarthritis. Outcome measures were the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP).

    Results

    After hip school (6 months) the T group showed greater reduction on the subscales of pain and activity limitations (WOMAC) than the C group. The subscales sleep disturbances, pain, and physical mobility (NHP) showed improvement for the T group compared with at start. The results for the T group persisted after an additional 6 months.

    Conclusion

    A hip school may reduce pain and activity limitations and improve health-related quality of life for patients with hip dysfunction including pain.

  • 145.
    Kylin, Camilla
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Autentiskt och trygghetsfokuserat ledarskap: En kvalitativ studie av KS 172011Report (Other academic)
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  • 146.
    Lajksjö, Örjan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Eriksson, B.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Ledarskapets förutsättningar: Gruppnivå2003In: Direkt Ledarskap / [ed] G. Larsson & K. Kallenberg, Stockholm: Försvarsmakten , 2003, p. 105-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 147. Larsson, B. W.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Carlson, S. R.
    Commentary on Wilde Larsson B., Larsson G. & Carlson S.R. (2004) Advanced home care: patients' opinions on quality compared with those of family members. Journal of Clinical Nursing 13, 226-233 - Response2004In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 13, no 7, p. 908-908Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    9 noter om NBF2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 149.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Att leda förändringsarbete2012In: Kvalitetsarbete för bättre och säkrare vård / [ed] Nordström, G. Wilde Larsson, B., Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, p. 111-135Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 150.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Att leda i förändring2011In: Arménytt, ISSN 0004-2404, no 3, p. 47-49Article in journal (Other academic)
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