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  • 101.
    Bundschuh, Jochen
    et al.
    Univ Southern Queensland, Deputy Vice Chancellors Off Res & Innovat, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia.;Univ Southern Queensland, Int Ctr Appl Climate Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia.;Univ Southern Queensland, Fac Hlth Engn & Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Sustainable Dev Environm Sci & Engn, KFH Internat Groundwater Arsen Res Grp, Teknikringen 76, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Maity, Jyoti Prakash
    Univ Southern Queensland, Int Ctr Appl Climate Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia.;Natl Chung Cheng Univ, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, 168 Univ Rd, Min Hsiung 62102, Chiayi County, Taiwan..
    Mushtaq, Shahbaz
    Univ Southern Queensland, Int Ctr Appl Climate Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia..
    Vithanage, Meththika
    Univ Southern Queensland, Int Ctr Appl Climate Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia.;Natl Inst Fundamental Studies, Chem & Environm Syst Modeling Res Grp, Kandy 20000, Sri Lanka..
    Seneweera, Saman
    Univ Southern Queensland, Ctr Crop Hlth, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia..
    Schneider, Jerusa
    Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Civil Engn Architecture & Urban Design, Sanitat & Environm Dept, BR-11308388 Campinas, SP, Brazil..
    Bhattacharya, Prosun
    Univ Southern Queensland, Int Ctr Appl Climate Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Sustainable Dev Environm Sci & Engn, KFH Internat Groundwater Arsen Res Grp, Teknikringen 76, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Khan, Nasreen Islam
    Australian Natl Univ, Coll Med Biol & Environm, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.;Int Rice Res Inst, GIS Social Sci Div, Los Banos 4031, Laguna, Philippines..
    Hamawand, Ihsan
    Univ Southern Queensland, Int Ctr Appl Climate Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia..
    Guilherme, Luiz R. G.
    Fed Univ Lavras UFLA, Dept Soil Sci, Campus Univ,Caixa Postal 3037, BR-37200000 Lavras, MG, Brazil..
    Reardon-Smith, Kathryn
    Univ Southern Queensland, Int Ctr Appl Climate Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia..
    Parvez, Faruque
    Columbia Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Environm Hlth Sci Mailman, 722 West 168th St, New York, NY 10032 USA..
    Morales-Simfors, Nury
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Applications Section.
    Ghaze, Sara
    Univ Southern Queensland, Fac Hlth Engn & Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia..
    Pudmenzky, Christa
    Univ Southern Queensland, Int Ctr Appl Climate Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia..
    Kouadio, Louis
    Univ Southern Queensland, Int Ctr Appl Climate Sci, West St, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia..
    Chen, Chien-Yen
    Natl Chung Cheng Univ, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, 168 Univ Rd, Min Hsiung 62102, Chiayi County, Taiwan..
    Medical geology in the framework of the sustainable development goals2017In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 581, p. 87-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exposure to geogenic contaminants (GCs) such as metal(loid)s, radioactive metals and isotopes as well as transuraniums occurring naturally in geogenic sources (rocks, minerals) can negatively impact on environmental and human health. The GCs are released into the environment by natural biogeochemical processes within the near-surface environments and/or by anthropogenic activities such as mining and hydrocarbon exploitation as well as exploitation of geothermal resources. They can contaminate soil, water, air and biota and subsequently enter the food chain with often serious health impacts which are mostly underestimated and poorly recognized. Global population explosion and economic growth and the associated increase in demand for water, energy, food, and mineral resources result in accelerated release of GCs globally. The emerging science of "medical geology" assesses the complex relationships between geo-environmental factors and their impacts on humans and environments and is related to the majority of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals in the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations for Sustainable Development. In this paper, we identify multiple lines of evidence for the role of GCs in the incidence of diseases with as yet unknown etiology (causation). Integrated medical geology promises a more holistic understanding of the occurrence, mobility, bioavailability, bio-accessibility, exposure and transfer mechanisms of GCs to the food-chain and humans, and the related ecotoxicological impacts and health effects. Scientific evidence based on this approach will support adaptive solutions for prevention, preparedness and response regarding human and environmental health impacts originating from exposure to GCs.

  • 102.
    Böhme, Klaus-Richard
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    The city republic and the absolute warlord: Danzig and Karl XII in the Nordic-War - German - Saarinen,H1997In: Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft, ISSN 0044-2828, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 177-179Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Cayirci, Erdal
    et al.
    Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Stavanger, Norway.
    Bruzzone, Agostino
    University of Genova, Italy.
    Longo, Francesco
    Mobile and Distributed Systems Lab, Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Universita di Messina, Italy.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    A Model to Describe Hybrid Conflict Environments2016In: 6th International Defense and Homeland Security Simulation Workshop (DHSS 2016) / [ed] Bruzzone, Agostino & Sottilare, Robert, Rende: CAL-TEK S.r.l. , 2016, p. 52-60Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the definition, implementation and testing of a model to describe Hybrid Conflict Environments. Without the need of citing specific cases or countries, it is clear that hybrid strategy and warfare are becoming more important. A hybrid strategy can affect policy makers, military operations, economics and financial trends, intelligence and legal activities as well as information and media. A conceptual model is introduced to define and to gain further insight into hybrid environments. The model is then implemented and tested by running experiments to provide evidence on its relevance. Finally, results are presented and discussed.

  • 104.
    Cedergren, Anders
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    En analys av slaget om Hue med hjälp av de grundläggande förmågorna2009In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 4, p. 79-94Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 105.
    Cedergren, Anders
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Uppdragstaktik: Dess moderna ursprung och tillämpning2008In: Krigsvetenskaplig årsbok 2007 / [ed] Dan Öberg, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan , 2008, p. 15-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 106.
    Chaudhary, Waquar Ul Hassan
    et al.
    Tema, Linköpings universitet.
    Sivertun, Åke
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Object-based analysis of Multispectral RS Data and GIS for Detection of Climate Change Impact on the Karakoram Range Northern Pakistan2014In: Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software, June 15-19, San Diego, California, USA / [ed] Ames, D.P., Quinn, N.W.T., Rizzoli, A.E., Manno, Switzerland: International Environmental Modelling and Software Society , 2014, Vol. 4, p. 2036-2043Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Changing climate have a great impact on northern area of Pakistan’s environment and is more prone to environmental changes impacts than rest of the country due to its high elevation. However, the results of melting glaciers effect not only the local environment but also the whole country with frequent and heavy floods. Although recent technological development provided solutions of many problems to mankind, the pace of development in the field of environmental preservation technologies are much slower than needed.

    Remote sensing (RS) from Satellites and Airplanes used in Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are technologies that can aid in understanding the ongoing environmental processes as it enable us to obtain information about vast area and help researchers to observe, understand, forecast and suggest response to changes that occur.

    It can be natural disasters or man-made disasters and human induced factors. Still analysis accuracy issues are there which plays a vital role for the formulation of any strategy. To achieve better results, object based analysis methods have been tested in here. Various algorithms are developed by the analysts to calculate the magnitude of land cover changes but must be evaluated for each environment that is under observation as for example mountainous areas. Here we have tried object-based methods in comparison with pixel based. Landslides, soil moisture, soil permeability, snow cover and vegetation cover that change during certain period of time can, with those methods, be effectively monitored. The findings were in short;

    1) Object based analysis shows better accuracy ratio as compared to the pixel based analysis.

    2) Slow but gradual depletion of snow/ice cover was confirmed in the study area of Karakoram region, Northern Pakistan.

    3) Snow and ice melting catalyses the floods, mudslides, landslides and lake outburst episodes in the area during last two decades could be clearly observed in the analysed images and survey data.

    4) Massive landslide/mudslide phenomena was observed in the study area in 2010 and 2012 in Landsat imagery. The artificial lake on the River Hunza was clearly observable in TM and ETM 2010, 2011 and 2012 imagery.

    5) Bare soil area increased due to glacial retreat therefore gradual increase in the vegetation can be observed from the year 1992 to 2011.

  • 107.
    Christensson, Anders
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Instruction sets to use and test a transformation towards an agreed end non-failing state2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 108.
    Christensson, S. Anders
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Representations for military decision making2015In: 2015 Third World Conference on Complex Systems (WCCS) / [ed] Mohamed Essaaidi, Mohamed Nemiche, Maroccan, 2015, p. 52-52Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Present--‐day warfare often involves planning and execution of operations in complex environments. In order to support military decision making in such environments I argue that the military situation must be represented by six categories of representations. In current practice only two categories are employed. The six categories should be linked to representations of the operational plan and the planning process. By combining the different categories of representations, military decision makers will gain a better understanding of operational areas that hold complex system behaviour.

  • 109.
    Christensson, S Anders
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    STRATMAS Slutrapport2009Report (Other academic)
  • 110. Colman, Jonathan
    et al.
    Widen, Jerker
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    The Johnson Administration and the Recruitment of Allies in Vietnam, 1964-19682009In: History: The Journal of the Historical Association, ISSN 0018-2648, E-ISSN 1468-229X, Vol. 94, no 316, p. 483-504Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Vietnam War has generated a vast literature but one which has often forgotten that the United States fought in Vietnam as part of a coalition. This article examines Washington's efforts under President Lyndon B. Johnson to recruit third country combat assistance. He and his colleagues sought military help less for practical reasons than for political ones as a way of legitimizing the war both domestically and abroad. However, no NATO countries were willing to participate, and some of the five troop-contributing countries (Australia, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand) were attracted probably more by American largesse than by idealism. In exploring the diplomacy of coalition-building, this article has a contemporary resonance in the light of the military campaigns initiated by the White House since 2003.

  • 111.
    Colonese, Emilia
    et al.
    Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, Brasilien.
    Parente de Oliveira, Jose
    Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, Brasilien.
    Yano, Edgar
    Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, Brasilien.
    Amorim, Joni
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Andler, Sten
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Gustavsson, Per
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Cyber Security for Middleware System Architectures2014In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Cyber Warfare & Security, Academic Conferences Limited, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 112.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies.
    Reconceptualising the politics of knowledge authority in post-/conflict interventions: From a peacebuilding field to transnational fields of interventionary objects.2019In: European Journal of International Security, ISSN 2057-5637, E-ISSN 2057-5645Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 113.
    Dittmer, Lowell
    et al.
    University of California, Berkeley.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark). Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    China’s Maritime Embroilments2015In: Asian Survey, ISSN 0004-4687, E-ISSN 1533-838X, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 447-454Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    China's maritime periphery or ‘‘near seas’’—the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea—are waters through which a great deal of vital commerce flows, as China, Japan, Korea, and numerous Southeast Asian countries are all major trading nations that import the energy and raw materials that sustain their thriving economies. Since 2009 the East and South China Seas have become increasingly fraught with tension. This has generally been attributed to rising Chinese assertiveness, but not because China has started making a lot of assertions it never made before. As the authors assembled here point out in replete detail, China’s explicit claims to the Diaoyu/Senkaku islets in the East China Sea date back at least to 1971, while it can trace its claim in the South China Sea back to the publication of the famous ‘‘nine-dashed line’’ map by the Nationalists in 1947 (at the time it contained eleven segmented lines; the victorious Communists subsequently dropped two). What has changed since 2009 is China’s more rigorous enforcement of existing claims. This too is brought out in the articles collected below: its actors have seized islands well within the exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of neighboring Southeast Asian nations, detained fishing boats and confiscated their catch, cut the cables of ships engaged in oil exploration, harassed American surveillance vessels, and most recently undertaken ‘‘reclamation’’ of subsurface islets in order to construct airstrips and harbors. 

  • 114.
    Dorn, Michael
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Lindström, Michael
    Boström, Fredrik
    Pelo, Johan
    Eklöf, Martin
    Hagström, Anders
    Logistik 2015-2020: En framtidsstudie om logistiksimulering: FoT 19 logistik2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In this study an attempt is made to put forward ideas about how logistic support to the Armed Forces of the future will be dealt with, based on a sur­vey of current social, military and economic trends. The aim is to identify those logistic matters, which it would be relevant to simulate within a 10 to 15-year period. The study has been carried out with the aid of NATO logis­tic doctrine and a qualitative method, which is closely comparable to idea analysis.

    One of the findings of the study is that the Swedish Armed Forces could be one module, amongst many (e.g. police, rescue services and aid organisa­tions), tailor-made for a particular peace support operation, led by a national HQ. It can also be taken that civilian actors, to a much greater extent than today, will be part of the logistics system and that this system could resem­ble the “IKEA model”, i.e. small stores of equipment that can quickly be put together to meet different needs. All this will require a greater degree of specialisation and coordination, both in Sweden and in other countries.

    Those logistic matters identified as being relevant for simulation within a 10 to15-year period have been brought together in a summary. The main con­clusion of the study indicates that it is of the utmost importance to simulate a model of the complete logistic chain. In the meantime, in order to carry out the simulation, the collection of experiences and lessons learned must be systemised and recorded. If this does not happen, it is doubtful that the simulation can be used as a system to support decision-making.

  • 115.
    Dorn, Michael
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Moradi, Farsad
    Lilja, Göran
    Logistikledning: En studie om effektivisering av försörjningskedjan: FoT-område Logistik2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) are today in a process of transformation, with the focus changing from homeland defence to embracing a global perspective. This change is being driven by a trend towards increasing international commitments. This has created a new set of demands on SAF, which has put pressure on greater efficiency in the supply chain, not least the order fulfilment process (OFP). Today, material managers can have a significant impact on lead-time reduction, but it is often unclear as to which aspects of the process managers should focus their efforts and capital on, to bring about improvements in the supply chain and the order fulfilment process. To increase knowledge of this phenomenon, the purpose of this thesis has been to investigate factors that have an impact on efficiency when it comes to the military supply chain (order fulfilment process for Role 2) in relation to ongoing changes within the SAF.

    The project is based on a case study of the medical capability (Role 2). Moreover, a model has been used, which illustrates different influential factors of a changing organisation. These are core business, strategies, competence and management culture, all of which lead to a better understanding of how the unique context might have an impact on the efficiency related to the supply chain.

    The results of the analysis show that there are great similarities between the empirical and theoretical elements. Several actors in the process are well aware of what needs to be done to improve the OFP; hence, there are some implications worthy of emphasis. However, the results also indicate that the use of measurements is not considered as a key principle for the management of processes by the respondents. Nevertheless, by using measurements in the OFP, SAF could better define the actual order cycle time and indirectly improve the OFP. An overall strategy has not been identified; however there are strategic goals and a material strategy. Furthermore, it is important that many of the respondents are not aware of what is said in these documents and that it appears to be unclear how the strategy should be applied in their daily work.

    With regard to the leadership culture, there appears to be a strong "bottoms-up spirit" and a weak "top down" leadership in SAF. The study indicates that efficiency in the supply chain would benefit from a better balance between top down and bottom up leadership. The main conclusion from the analysis is that competence seems to be the essential factor in increasing efficiency in the OFP, to meet the demand for the development of new military capabilities, such as the NBG. It is almost as if this factor has been forgotten or is being neglected by SAF.

  • 116. Dulanya, Zuze
    et al.
    Morales-Simfors, Nuri
    Sivertun, Åke
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    A Comparison Between Silica and Cation Geo-thermometry of the Malawi Hotsprings2010In: World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 117.
    Dulanya, Zuze
    et al.
    Geography and Earth Science Department, Malawi.
    Morales-Simfors, Nury
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Sivertun, Åke
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Comparative study of the silica and cation geothermometry of the Malawi hot springs: Potential alternative energy source2010In: Journal of African Earth Sciences, ISSN 0899-5362, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 321-327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Malawi is one of the poorest countries in the world and one of the most densely populated in south-eastern Africa. Its major power source is hydro-electricity. During the past few years, the power generation capacity has been reduced, which has impacted negatively on the socio-economic development of the country. The country holds an enormous potential to generate geothermal energy due to the country’s position within the Great African Rift valley. This could contribute to economic growth, poverty reduction and technological development in Malawi. The paper presents findings of research on comparisons between silica (quartz and chalcedony) and cation geothermometers (Na–K, Na–K–Ca and K–Mg) of hot springs in the Malawi Rift, in order to deduce the temperature at depth of selected hot springs. The saturation indices of most springs have a bearing on the geology of the areas where these hot springs are found. The Na–K geothermometers are, in general, higher than the Na–K–Ca geothermometer and the K–Mg geothermometer shows temperatures that are too low to be considered. The difference in the results between the different geothermometers may indicate shallow conditions of mixing with groundwater. Results also indicate that some hot springs have sufficient heat-generating capabilities and warrant further exploration work to assess their suitability for energy generation.

  • 118.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Carl Stridsberg2011In: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon Bd 33, Sparrgren-Ström / [ed] Åsa Karlsson, Stockholm: Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon , 2011, 1, p. 661-665Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Folkskolan och grundskolan2011In: Utbildningshistoria: en introduktion / [ed] Esbjörn Larsson och Johannes Westberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 103-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Menige mans humaniora: Läsebok för folkskolan 1868-19302010In: Utbildningens sociala och kulturella historia: Meddelanden från den fjärde nordiska utbildningshistoriska konferensen / [ed] Johannes Westberg och Esbjörn Larsson, Uppsala: Forskningsgruppen för utbildnings- och kultursociologi (SEC) , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Ruth Hemstad, Fra indian summer til nordisk vinter2010In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, no 2, p. 372-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Sveriges historia - 1800-talet2011In: Utbildningshistoria: en introduktion / [ed] Esbjörn Larsson och Johannes Westberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 34-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 123.
    Edgren, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Traumakonstruktionen: Svensk historieskrivning om rikssprängningen 18092010In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 72, no 1, p. 9-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 124. Edgren, Henrik
    et al.
    Eriksson, FredrikSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.Thisner, FredrikSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 2011-20122013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord - Fredrik Eriksson

    Det militärhistoriska 2012 - Per Iko

    Militärhistoriens roll i USA - intryck från en vistelse vid Ohio State University - Gunnar Åselius

    Artiklar och uppsatser

    • Magnus Stenbock - myten, bilderna och mannen - Björn Asker
    • Krigets historiografiska funktion - framställningar av krig i svensk historieskrivning 1747-1857 - Hampus Östh Gustafsson
    • Historia som värdegemenskap - finsk, estnisk och svensk historia i polska ögon under mellankrigstiden - Piotr Wawrzeniuk
    • Rapport från det militära samarbetets vardag - finska militärattacheers syn på Sverige och svensk-finsk militär samverkan, 1924-1939 - Anders Ahlbäck
    • Med staten som husvärd - en undersökning av officerarnas inkvartering inom indelningsverket 1776-1807 - Christopher Arunasalam
    • Lokalsamhället som resurs och som objekt för skador under Napoleonkrigen - följderna av den ryska armens logistiska lösningar i Vasa län under finska kriget 1808-1809 - ]ussi Jääskeläinen
    • Disciplinering av indelta och värvade kavallerister under 1800- och 1900-talen - ett civilisationsfenomen? - Börje Ekenvall

    Recensioner

    • Myten om äran och eliten - erfarenheter från andra världskriget - anmälan av Dan Öberg
    • Norska specialförband - från Milorg till Afghanistan - anmälan av Lars Ericsson Wolke
    • Moral och småstatsperspektiv - anmälan av Henrik Edgren
    • Andra världskriget än en gång - anmälan av Lars Ericsson Wolke
    • Bland gravstenar, skelett och minnen - anmälan av Lars Ericsson Wolke
    • Historien och de stora männen - anmälan av Fredrik Eriksson
    • Kalla kriget lokalt - anmälan av Sten Munck af Rosenschöld
    • Kustförsvar i norr - anmälan av Sten Munck af Rosenschöld
    • Totalförsvaret i Skåne beskrivet i detalj - anmälan av Sten Munck af Rosenschöld
    • Vardagsspråkets krigiska natur? - anmälan av Thomas Roth
    • Två journalister i Afghanistan - anmälan av Mikael Wendt
    • "Den här gången kommer allt att bli annorlunda" - Afghanistan 1979-89 - anmälan av Fredrik Thisner
    • Grannar på gränsen till sammanbrott - slaget vid Adrianopel år 378 - anmälan av Fredrik Thisner
    • Från mellanblå via fältgrå till kamouflage modell 90 - anmälan av Dag Eckerberg
    • Svensk general i amerikanska inbördeskriget - anmälan av Jimmy Engren
    • Tankeväckande om diktaturernas minsta byggstenar - anmälan av Lars Ericsson Wolke
    • En fruktansvärd och läsvärd skildring - anmälan av Fredrik Eriksson
    • Om kvinnornas inträde i militär verksamhet - anmälan av Esbjörn Larsson
    • På spaning efter ett kustartilleri som försvunnit - anmälan av Sten Munck af Rosenschöld
    • Samband, samband, samband! - anmälan av Sten Munck af Rosenschöld
    • Beordrad ellerfrivillig? - anmälan av Thomas Roth
    • Nordamerikanska indianers krig - anmälan av Lars Rössle
  • 125.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division.
    Westberg, Jacob
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Military strategy of small states: Responding to External Shocks of the 21st Century2018Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using primary sources from four Nordic countries, (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden), this volume explores how small states have adjusted their military strategies in response to external shocks of the 21st century. The 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Russian interventions in Georgia and Ukraine, and the rise of the Islamic State have all forced the Nordic states to adopt new strategies. While the responses have not been uniform, their differing relations to the EU and NATO have not prevented these countries from behaving similarly in military affairs. Limitations in military capacity has led all four countries to pursue strategies that include cooperation with more resourceful partners. It is necessary for them to cooperate with others to protect and promote their national interests. Moreover, the Nordic cosmopolitan outlook expresses milieu-shaping ambitions that we generally would not expect small states to pursue against a potential great power aggressor.

    This book will be of much interest to students of military strategy, defense studies, security studies, and international relations.

  • 126.
    Edström, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Josefsson, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Försvaret av Sverige: vem kan leda operationer... och vem bör?2016In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 1, p. 67-86Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Eklund, Jonas
    et al.
    Försvarsmakten.
    Sivertun, Åke
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Lärobok i Militärteknik, vol. 6: Inverkan av geografi, klimat och väder2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 128.
    Ekman, Olof
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    National Perspectives in Multinational Headquarters: The Case of EUFOR Tchad/RCA2012In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 190-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies of the European Union crisis management capability argue for establishing a permanent Operations Headquarters (OHQ) instead of the temporary alternatives currently available. These studies picture temporary OHQs as slow starters hampered by multiple interests and a lack of common grounds. This paper corroborates these studies by reporting on the empirical findings of a year-long case study of the EUFORTchad/RCA OHQ. The combined results of observations, interviews, and surveys indicate that national perspectives not only existed in the OHQ, but were also asymmetric in the sense that staff members from France and Ireland nations displayed stronger national perspectives than staff members from other nations. However, the general trust between staff members seems to have been largely unaffected by this. The findings also indicate a process of familiarization spanning over several months. This paper argues that temporary multinational headquarters are likely to work around frictions and mature into well-functioning organization, but that this is a time-consuming process in which national parallel chains of command may remain. Prior training should prepare staff members for this. In addition, leading nations need to understand their strong visibility and to be careful not to dominate the day-to-day staff work.

  • 129.
    Elg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division.
    Civil-militär samverkan efter jordbävning: Självförsvarsstyrkornas insatser i Japan2013In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 1, p. 135-156Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Elg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Effective Learning at the Swedish Defence University: This chapter describes the practical application of Matrix games to higher education in Sweden2018In: The Matrix Games Handbook: Professional Applications from Education to Analysis and Wargaming / [ed] John Curry, Chris Engle and Peter Perla, The History of Wargaming Project , 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter specifically adresses a generally percieved underlying challange of any educational game, namely the issue of educational effectiveness. This question is, however, almost impossible to answer, since it is dependent on context as well as a myriad of variables such as learning objectives, student background and educational theory like belief in active learning. From this perspective, the inclusion of the issue of educational effectiveness in this chapter is thus based on the experience with the game design and subsequent implementation of the two Matrix Games of Bellum Balticia and the Fictive Republic.

  • 131.
    Elg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Wargaming Section.
    Instructor Buy-In: Pitfalls and Opportunities in Wargaming2019In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 2, p. 6-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Krigsspel är en fundamental del av militär utbildning. Likafullt är krigsspel kontroversiellt, med återkommande cykler av uppskattning och ogillande. Krigsspel kan definieras som en betingad interaktion med mänskliga spelare som påverkar simulerade militära aktioner. Syftet med denna text är att undersöka och förklara hur militära instruktörer mildrar sina bekymmer med att handha ett krigsspel. I texten analyseras relevanta skrifter om utbildningsspel för att belysa frågan om instruktörer och krigsspel. Denna metod kompletteras av ny och explorativ forskning, som inbegriper grundad teori, avseende det substantiella empiriska området krigsspel för militär utbildning. Militära instruktörer använder sig av tre strategier för att uppnå instruktörs-acceptans (instructor buy-in). En majoritet av instruktörerna verkar sträva efter att undvika explicit spelifiering (gamification). Detta undvikande utgör en förklaring till att vissa krigsspel inom militär utbildning förändras eller upphör. Av denna anledning är det vitalt att militära instruktörer har en förståelse för instruktörs-acceptans för att stärka praktiken krigsspel.

  • 132.
    Elg, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division.
    Krigsspel och militära operationer: den japanska planeringen inför Midway 19422008In: Krigsvetenskaplig årsbok 2007 / [ed] Dan Öberg, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan , 2008, p. 61-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Elg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section.
    Krigsspel som metod2018In: Militära arbetsmetoder: En lärobok i krigsvetenskap / [ed] Peter Thunholm, Jerker Widén och Niklas Wikström, Universus Academic Press , 2018, p. 255-294Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 134.
    Elg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Soviet Operational Art: Narratives on Manchuria, 19452014In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This text explores the Soviet military offensive into Japanese-held Manchuria in August 1945 by looking at two narratives: the Soviet and the Japanese. The former has dominating the latter, perhaps due to the Soviet success as Japan surrendered a few days into the operation. However, by adding rather than dismissing the Japanese perspective, Soviet performances on different levels can be scrutinized. For example, faults with logistical planning and the difficulties to achieve a 'deep battle' are found. It also highlights the main difference between the two operations, namely that the Soviet operation aimed for a double pincer movement, while the Japanese operation aimed for a withdrawal into a mountain redoubt.

  • 135.
    Elg, Johan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section. King's College London.
    Wargaming in Military Education for Army Officers and Officer Cadets2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Wargaming has been part of military curricula for about 200 years since the introduction of Kriegsspiel, but it is still something of an art form. This thesis attempts to theorise the practice of military educational wargaming, and specifically to explore why such wargaming takes the form it does.

    The thesis is limited to army educational wargaming for officers and officer cadets. Wargaming for analytical purposes, and political and strategic gaming, are excluded.  Instead, the focus is on army educational wargaming at the tactical level, which is arguably more comparable between countries. The research method combines an exploratory approach influenced by grounded theory with a comparative case study approach encompassing three successive levels of army officer education in five countries: Sweden, Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States and Japan.

    The research indicates the central importance of individual game directors. This is particularly evident when wargaming forms evolve. The main concern of the individual game director is how to achieve instructor buy-in. This core category encompasses control, credibility and comfort. Three methods, or strategies, were discovered regarding how to achieve instructor buy-in. Those three strategies are: innovative active learning, simple standardising and control & veiling. This discovery contributes to new substantive theory, as it explains how specific army educational wargaming forms commence, evolve and are discontinued.

  • 136.
    Eliasson, Per
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Norsell, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    On a Tentative Model for Supporting Educational Development in Military-Technology2008In: Stockholm Contributions in Military-Technology 2007 / [ed] Martin Norsell, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan , 2008, p. 65-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 137.
    Eliasson, Per
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Norsell, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Teaching Military-Technology: a Working Approach2008In: Stockholm Contributions in Military-Technology 2007 / [ed] Martin Norsell, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan , 2008, p. 73-81Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 138.
    Elin, Rappe
    et al.
    The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark). The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    ‘One Belt, One Road’ in the Swedish Context2016In: Europe and China’s New Silk Roads / [ed] Frans-Paul van der Putten, John Seaman, Mikko Huotari, Alice Ekman & Miguel Otero-Iglesias, European Think-tank Network on China (ETNC) , 2016, p. 60-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the economic importance of China for Sweden, a project such as the ‘Belt and Road’ initiative should be expected to entail a great deal of interest among Swedish policy-makers and the business community alike. However, this has not been the case, as the response so far has been varied and often cautious. The focus among Sweden’s policy-makers and the business community alike has been a wait-and-see approach, so the impact of OBOR in Sweden has been very limited. Sweden’s business community has been somewhat more optimistic, in particular with regard to opportunities in Central Asia, while the policy-makers in general do not see much that is new with the OBOR project. In conclusion, very little has been done; much more could and should have been done. There is a great need for strong leadership and guidance if Sweden is not going to fall way too far behind other nations with respect to OBOR.

  • 139. Ellervall, Eva
    et al.
    Brehmer, Berndt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division.
    Knutsson, Kerstin
    How confident are general dental practitioners in their decision to administer antibiotic prophylaxis?: A questionnaire study2008In: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, ISSN 1472-6947, E-ISSN 1472-6947, Vol. 8, p. 57-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Common dental procedures induce bacteremia. To prevent infectious complications from bacteremia in patients with specific medical conditions, antibiotic prophylaxis is considered. Recommendations are often unclear and ambiguous. In a previous study we reported wide variations in general dental practitioners' (GDPs') administrations of antibiotic prophylaxis. We hypothesized that within such a conflicting clinical area, decisions are made with a high level of personal uncertainty. This study examined GDPs' confidence in their decisions and analyzed the extent to which case-related factors might explain individual variations in confidence. Methods: Postal questionnaires in combination with telephone interviews were used. The response rate was 51% (101/200). There were no significant differences between respondents and non-respondents regarding sex, age, or place of work. The GDPs were presented to patient cases of different medical conditions, where some should receive antibiotic prophylaxis according to recommendations when performing dental procedures that could cause gingival bleeding. The GDPs assessed on visual analogue scales how confident they were in their decisions. The extent to which case-related factors, medical condition and dental procedure, could explain individual variation in confidence was analyzed. Results: Overall the GDPs exhibited high confidence in their decisions regardless of whether they administered antibiotic prophylaxis or not, or whether their decisions were in accordance with recommendations or not. The case-related factors could explain between 30-100% of the individual variation in GDPs' confidence. For 46%, the medical condition significantly explained the individual variation in confidence. However, for most of these GDPs, lower confidence was not presented for conditions where recommendations are unclear and higher confidence was not presented for conditions where recommendations are more clear. For 8% the dental procedure significantly explained the variation, although all procedures could cause bacteremia. For 46% neither the medical condition nor the dental procedure could significantly explain the individual variation in confidence. Conclusion: The GDPs presented high confidence in their decisions, and the majority of GDPs did not present what could be considered a justified varied level of confidence according to the clarity of recommendations. Clinicians who are overconfident in their decisions may be less susceptible to modifications of their behavior to more evidence-based strategies.

  • 140.
    Elofsson, Mats
    et al.
    Försvarets Materielverk.
    Johnsson, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Forsman, Björn
    SSPA.
    Liwång, Hans
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Riskanalys för att fatta bättre beslut2016In: Tidskrift i sjöväsendet, ISSN 0040-6945, Vol. 2, p. 130-141Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 141.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS).
    Ångström, JanSwedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division.
    Svensk säkerhetspolitik i Europa och världen2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 142.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS).
    Ångström, Jan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division.
    Svensk säkerhetspolitik i omdaning2010In: Svensk säkerhetspolitik i Europa och världen / [ed] Kjell Engelbrekt och Jan Ångström, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2010, 1, p. 237-249Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 143.
    Erdeniz, Robert
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Approaches to Operational Art Revisited: Theoretical and Practical Implications of Methodology2016In: 21st International Command and Control Reserach and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): C2 in a Complex Connected Battlespace, International Command and Control Institute , 2016, Vol. Topic 5, p. 1-32, article id 47Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    U.S. doctrines have introduced a third approach within Operational Art, called the design approach, which has evoked military professional and academic debate as well as influenced NATO doctrines. Allied Joint Doctrine for Operational-level Planning (AJP 5) states that a Force Commander should choose one out of three approaches when conducting Operational Art and conducting operational planning: a traditional (causalist), a systemic or a design approach. The difference between the causalist- and the systemic- approach concerns the clash between reductionism and holism, but the difference between the design- and the systemic- approach is methodologically vague. Hence the following question concerning methodology and Operational Art arises:

    What methodological implications could constitute an argument for choosing the design approach when conducting Operational Art within a battlespace?

    Neither NATO doctrine, planning framework nor previous research offer any explicit methodological argument for choosing, or preferring, the design- over the systemic- approach. This article concludes that one possible argument for preferring a design approach is adherence to value-focused thinking, but this requires that the Force Commander can and is willing to focus on stakeholders’ values within the battlespace. This conclusion is implied by two methodological implications identified and discussed in this article. If the design approach is to be a relevant option, then further conceptual development, experimentation and education is required. To conclude, NATO should review the description of their approaches within Operational Art since the argument for preferring one approach over another is lacking and this could hamper the Force Commander’s management of the battlespace.

  • 144.
    Erdeniz, Robert
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Operations planning revisited: theoretical and practical implications of methodology2016In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 248-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parts of NATO’s contemporary planning framework called the comprehensive operations planning directive (COPD), and parts of the operation-level planning process should be revised since they suffer from methodological inconsistency. This claim is defended by discussing contradicting methodological properties and heuristics applied when framing and managing a military problem in accordance with the COPD. The methodological inconsistency within the COPD; in other words, simultaneously applying contradictory methodological properties, implies one theoretical and three practical implications. The theoretical implication is summarised in a meta-theoretical framework and explained by discussing five methodological properties: non-linearity, emergence, independently changeable generalisations, invariance and boundaries. The three practical implications of methodology imply that methodology is guiding: the problem-frame, conceptual development and action. To improve military planners’ understanding and management of these four identified implications, NATO is recommended to develop a “handbook of methodology.” The purpose of such a handbook should be to emphasise the utility of methodology when planning military operations

  • 145.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    1312: bakgrunden till slaget ur ett svenskt perspektiv2010In: Iver Huitfeldt og slaget i Køge Bugt 1710 / [ed] Meilen, Tor Jørgen, Oslo: C. Huitfeldt forl. , 2010, p. 13-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 146.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    1658: Tåget över Bält2008Book (Other academic)
  • 147.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    1658: Tåget över Bält och Roskildefreden2008In: Karolinska Förbundets Årsbok. 2008, Lund: Karolinska förbundet , 2008, p. 149-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Arvid Eriksson Stålarm2013In: Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon / [ed] Åsa Karlsson, Stockholm: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon , 2013, p. 149-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 149.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Att lära eller inte lära av andra: Recension av Jörg Muth, Command and Culture: Officer Education in the U.S. Army and the German Armed Forces, 1901−1940, and the Consequences for World War II2015In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2014, no 2, p. 50-51Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 150.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Bernadotte som fältherre2014In: Krig på sjö og land: Norden i Napoleonskrigene. Grunnlovsjubileet 1814-2014. / [ed] Knut Arstad, Oslo: Forsvarsmuseet , 2014, p. 385-405Chapter in book (Refereed)
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