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  • 101.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Livgardesgruppen deltog i stor katastrofövning2010In: Hemvärnsnytt: Tidning för Hemvärnets personal i Livgardesgruppen, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 18-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 102.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Luftlandsättningstrupperna får nya stridsfordon 2S252010In: Pansar, ISSN 0349-7844, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 103.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Nya vapensystem i vårt närområde2012In: Vårt Luftvärn, no 3, p. 14-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 104.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Nytt ryskt rekord i vapenexport2011In: Slagfjädern: frivillig försvars- och beredskapsutbildning, ISSN 2001-5186, Vol. 93, no 4, p. 8-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 105.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    När Sverige köpte östtyska stridsfordon2010In: Slagfjädern: frivillig försvars- och beredskapsutbildning, ISSN 2001-5186, Vol. 92, no 1, p. 16-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 106.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Ryska luftlandsättningsförband övar igen2011In: Vårt Luftvärn, Vol. 71, no 1, p. 6-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 107.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Ryssland omstrukturerar sitt stridsflyg2010In: Slagfjädern: frivillig försvars- och beredskapsubildning, ISSN 2001-5186, Vol. 92, no 4, p. 19-21Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 108.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Ryssland omstrukturerar sitt stridsflyg2011In: Vårt Luftvärn, Vol. 71, no 3, p. 15-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 109.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Segerparaden i Moskva 9 maj 20102010In: Slagfjädern: frivillig försvars- och beredskapsutbildning, ISSN 2001-5186, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 21-21Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 110.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Storövning med ny materiel2010In: Slagfjädern: frivillig försvars- och beredskapsutbildning, ISSN 2001-5186, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 16-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 111.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Svenska Leoparder klara för utlandsmission2011In: Slagfjädern: frivillig försvars- och beredskapsutbildning, ISSN 2001-5186, no 3, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 112.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Svenska Leoparder klara för utlandsmission2011In: Pansar, ISSN 0349-7844, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 113.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    T-90 en utveckling av T-72 och T-80U2010In: Pansar, ISSN 0349-7844, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 4-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 114.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Tyska Panzerlehrbrigade 9 visar tänderna2010In: Slagfjädern: frivillig försvars- och beredskapsutbildning, ISSN 2001-5186, Vol. 92, no 3, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 115.
    Forsberg, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Ännu en storövning med ryska luftlandsättningsförband2010In: Slagfjädern: frivillig försvars- och beredskapsutbildning, ISSN 2001-5186, Vol. 92, no 3, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 116. Fouts, D. J.
    et al.
    Pace, P. E.
    Karow, C.
    Ekestorm, Stig R. T.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    A single-chip false target radar image generator for countering wideband imaging radars2002In: IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, ISSN 0018-9200, E-ISSN 1558-173X, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 751-759Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the theory, design, implementation, simulation, and testing of an ASIC capable of generating false target radar images for countering wideband synthetic aperture and inverse synthetic aperture imaging radars. The 5.5 x 6.1 mm IC has 81632 transistors, 132 I/O pins, and consumes 0.132 W at 70 MHz from a 3.3-V supply. An introduction to the application and operation of the ASIC in an electronic attack system is also presented. The false target image is fully programmable and the chip is capable of generating images of both small and large targets, even up to the size of an aircraft carrier. This is the first reported use of all-digital technology to generate false target radar images of large targets.

  • 117.
    Frank, Anders
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Lundblad, Nicklas
    Swedish Research Institute for Information.
    The New Role of Gaming: How games move outside entertainment2003In: Entertainment Computing: Technologies and Applications: IFIP First International Workshop on Entertainment Computing / [ed] Ryohei Nakatsu and Junichi Hoshino, Kluwer , 2003, p. 363-369Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The potentials of using games and gaming for other purposes than just entertainment are very promising. While today initiatives mainly are focusing on the learning capabilities of games and gaming there are many other potential uses. This new use focuses on combining the advantages of gaming (motivation, stimulation and engagement) while in the same time solving different “serious” and time critical tasks. But along with promises comes economic and cultural differences between the game industry (the developers) and the traditional industries (the users). Even though many of these problems can be avoided by setting up projects differently the biggest challenge is to perhaps to fight the prejudices and preconceptions surrounding both camps.

  • 118.
    Geranpayeh, Sam
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Stridsvagnar i urban miljö: Ställer användning av stridsvagnssystemet i urban miljö nya krav på systemet?2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) is currently in a phase of evolution transferring from being an old strategic defense to an expeditionary force. The SAF has forces deployed in several locations all over the world and the threat they meet is different from place to place, the conflicts often conducted by low-tech insurgents in urban terrain.The insurgents have learned how to fight in urban terrain and can operate in every dimension of the battlefield. It is believed that the battle in this type of environment will increase in future. Being where we are today in terms of operations the threat against our troops has increased which has led us to a greater need for protection.The purpose of this paper is that using a qualitative textual analysis and a model study to show how the new threat can be met in urban terrain with the help of technical adjustments on heavy vehicles such as tanks. At first the writer will describe the threat that is common in urban terrain today. Then the lessons learned from wars where tanks have been used and later on the tank’s vulnerability in urban terrain will be described. Thereafter, the model study will elaborate a potential environment and threat in order to highlight the most advantageous adjustment for tanks to meet the new threat.The result shows that the greatest threat that our troops are exposed to today is; battles that takes place in urban terrain. The study shows that we need more protection in form of armour. The Swedish tanks should be adapted with different systems to meet today’s threat in the urban terrain.

  • 119.
    Gillsparr, Torbjörn
    Swedish Defence University.
    IT-system: Försvarsanställdas främsta frustration: Vad kan göras för att öka användarnas uppskattning av IT-systemen?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is based on the fact that the service members of the Swedish Armed Forces have repeatedly stated a low estimate of the IT systems in the annual employee survey FM VIND. 

    This work has investigated underlying causes of the outcome, by studying the conditions of the three Component Commands; LCC, MCC and ACC. With a number of underlying factors identified, and with the support from theoretical models, suggestions are made for measures that can help the IT systems gain a higher appreciation among users.

    The study reports, among other things, that FM AP is the most appreciated IT system, and that SWECCIS is the least valued IT system in the selection group.

  • 120.
    Gradh, Anders
    Swedish Defence University.
    En stabs nätverkstrafik: En analys av användningen av datornätverkskapacitet i en operativ stab under övningen VIKING 112015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014 the Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF) spent almost SEK 20 million on the procurement of satellite capacity for use during training, exercises and operations. However, according to SwAF Headquarters, the capacity procured did not meet unit demands.

    The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of the capacity usage in an operational headquarters, based on the headquarters’ staff procedures and to see if there is any military utility to be gained in connection with this capacity.

    The starting point for the study is quantitative data about network usage. This quantitative data is then compared with staff work based on quantitative and qualitative data from war diaries, governing documentation and studies.

    The study shows that capacity usage is not related to staff work, but is instead linked to the presence of staff and their use of the Internet. The study also indicates that there could be potential for greater military utility of network capacity, but this will require the introduction of network priority mechanisms and further studies into user traffic.

  • 121. Grahn, Sven
    et al.
    Pålsson, Kristina
    Lärobok i Militärteknik, vol. 7: Rymdteknik2007 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Green, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Counter Unmanned Aerial Systems, militär nytta med tekniska system för bekämpning av UAV2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Counter Unmanned Aerial Systems (CUAS) is the UAV defeating capability, named Anti-UAS in the Swedish defense organization. It compresses around the rapid UAV development and proliferation posing threats to military activities and installations. Defeating hostile UAV requires coherent and effective sensors and radar for detection interacting with various effectors for UAV engagement. Due to an absent CUAS capability within the Swedish defense organization adequate requirements for defensive CUAS systems delay. In this study two similar CUAS system, the AUDS and the Xpeller, are compared while defeating commercial UAV in a peacetime context. In this qualitative examination, a kill chain forms the presentation providing a chronology and serial structure for the following analysis. An adapted theoretical approach seeking military effectivity within collected data. A concept of military utility constitutes the theoretical base for the analysis, effected aligned with assembled criterias. The results indicates military effectivity with both CUAS systems defeating commercial UAV. The Xpeller gain advantage due to improved sensor detection capacities. Furthermore, the results indicate reduced personal costs with the integrated use of technical systems for CUAS.

  • 123.
    Guggenberger, Johan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Komplettering av rapporter från allmänheten med smart teknik för att förbättra positionering2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En ökande mängd information finns tillgänglig i privatägd smart teknik. Försvarsmakten har möjlighet att använda sig av information från befintlig smart teknik. En värdering av möjliga användningsområden för tillgänglig information är första steg i en sådan utveckling.

    Denna studie undersöker de praktiska effekterna av att använda positionsdata och bilder från smartmobiler i kombination med traditionella berättande rapporter från allmänheten.Studien påvisar att tillförandet av information från smart teknik under vissa förutsättningar förbättrar positioneringsförmågan när den utförs av försvarsmaktens personal.

  • 124.
    Gustafsson, Andreas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Obemannade sensorbärare i urban miljö: En komparativ studie mellan UAV och UGV för förband på stridsteknisk nivå2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The urban environment is one of the most difficult environments that Swedish units are supposed to fight in. Inadequate information, a three-dimensional threat, close range combat and civilians are just a few of the challenges that face soldiers in urban environment. Some of these challenges could be reduced by the use of unmanned sensors, which could enhance the situational awareness.

    This study has been conducted as a comparative case study, where a representative aerial system has been compared with a ground system. The aim of the study is to determine which system has the highest military utility. The study is based on a concept model for military utility that has compared the systems within three dimensions; military effectiveness, military suitability and affordability.

    The result of the study indicates that the ground system, UGV, has a slight advantage in military utility compared to the aerial system. Further the study indicates that there are apparent differences between the systems depending on where they are used and in what combat situation. The aerial system has a clear advantage when used outside buildings and in offensive actions, whereas the ground system has an advantage inside buildings. The study also shows that both systems contributes with military utility to units in urban terrain. 

  • 125.
    Gustavsson, Daniel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    FPL 39C och F/A18C i ett internationellt scenario2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Year 2009, Sweden adopted a declaration of solidarity that states "Sweden will not remain passive if a disaster or an attack would hit another member country or Nordic country. We expect these countries to act the same way if Sweden were affected." This solidarity pledge Sweden promise to not remain neutral in a conflict that occur in the proximity of Sweden. Not to remain neutral can mean different things but this work focuses on whether the Swedish fighter jet FPL 39C is able to assert an air territory of a Swedish neighbor to the east. In order to provide a benchmark and compare how well FPL 39C stands up in force task compared against the American fighter F/A-18C used by the Finnish as a competitor, while the Su -34 is used as an adversary. The study is based on a fictitious scenario in which Russia will increase its military presence in the Baltic regions proximity and then violate the Baltic airspace with the Su- 34. This scenario is used as a tool to analyze the requirements that a situation may require of the aircraft. The study points to that the FPL 39C is a cheaper option than F/A-18C but still manages to solve the objective in a better way than F/A-18C, Because its properties are more appealing in this kind of mission.

  • 126.
    Hagberg, Björn
    Swedish Defence University.
    Lägesuppfattning vid en svensk stridsvagnspluton2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: After their introduction, technical systems designed for Situational Awareness have changed the possibilities on the battlefield. Today, Swedish tanks use a system known as the TCCS. This system offers many advantages to a tank platoon, but does it also bring disadvantages? This essay examines pros and cons with the TCCS. To find these the author uses a Swedish Armed Forces analyze model in a comparative study. The comparison is between a platoon with the TCCS and one platoon without it.The author has found that the use of TCCS reduces the risk of friendly fire amongst the platoon; this will serve as an example of one of the advantages the author has identified. One of the disadvantages of using TCCS identified in this study is that a platoon commander might use less personal leadership because of the technical potentials of the system.The conclusion of this study is that a user of this system should take note of and reflect about the way he or she uses it. By doing so, the user can get the desired effect out of this technical system.

  • 127.
    Hagenbo, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Interoperabilitet, administration och ledning av radiosambandssystem TARAS relativt JTIDS/MIDS2002Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish tactical radiosystem (TARAS) has a similar architecture from a technical point of view as the NATOsystem Joint Tactical Information Distribution System/Multifunctional Information Distribution System (JTIDS/MIDS).The prime service offered by JTIDS/MIDS is the tactical datalink Link 16. One purpose with this thesis is to describesimilarities and dissimilarities between the two radio systems from a technical point of view. According to thesesimilarities and dissimilarities this thesis studies whether there is any ability to adapt the TARAS-system toJTIDS/MIDS or not. An adaptation which has the ultimate goal of interoperability between Swedish air and seaforcesand NATO. Another purpose is to use the flagrant similarity between the systems regarding complexity, andconsequently the demand to ensure the efficient and co-ordinated use of data links in any operational theatre cell as abasis for discussion on how a Swedish data link planning and management cell, supporting TARAS, should beorganised. By using a selected nation’s, The United Kingdom’s, data link management cell as a basis for discussion itis examined if any conclusions can be drawn as to how a Swedish data link planning and management cell should beorganised and working in the future. The issues regarding organisational level within the Swedish Armed Forces, majortasks and competency of the crew is examined. The conclusions in the thesis is that there is no interoperabilitybetween the two systems TARAS and JTIDS/MIDS. Consequently, Sweden must leave the TARAS-system and adaptthe JTIDS/MIDS-system if any interoperability at the highest level, between on the human level (brain-to-brain), is tobe achieved. Regarding the data link planning and management cell, the only general conclusion that is possible todraw in the comparison with the U.K. cell is that the Swedish analogue should be organised in a joint way and withinthe framework of the organisation of the Air Component Commander’s organisation. When it comes to tasks andcompetency of the crew, the dissimilar philosophies for using the systems and the use of NCOs, a category thatdoesn’t exists in Sweden, makes further comparisons impossible.

  • 128.
    Hagstedt, Daniel S.
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Arkitektur för stöd av ledning inom det flexibla insatsförsvaret2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Armed Forces plan to develop technical solutions to the futurecommand and control (C2) system, according to the Swedish Governmentsguiding principles. This thesis deals with a common technological architecturein the C4ISR structure and what kind of support the system will give thecommanders according to their decision cycle.First of all, the Network-Based Defence is introduced in the thesis and thewriter describes what NBF are thought to be as a method in the upcomingflexible defence. Besides that the thesis are studying what C2 are intended to befor the Swedish Armed Forces, four important elements are studied inside thecommand area and they are: organization, methods, personnel and technology.Finally the decision-making process is studied, as the human influence is acentral factor inside the C2 system.The thesis concludes that it is possible to evolve the decision-making process ifa high technology communication network supports the C2 systems. The thesisalso concludes that there is a strong need to open up the organisation structureand hierarchy and to permit an information stream and to integrate the peoplebetween different functions.

  • 129.
    Hahn, Joachim
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Nätverksbaserade SF-operationer: ändrade operativa förutsättningar?2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces have started a transition towards a Network-Centric Defence (NBF). How this network adaptation will influence the fieldof special operations is this papers main focus. The purpose regarding thisfocus is to analyse the main inquiry, if network- based special operationssignifies a new operational paradigm.The paper begins with a description of a theory behind Network–CentricWarfare, which today constitutes the theoretical fundament behind NBF. Thepaper summarizes a theory of special operations drawn from a book by CaptWilliam McRaven. This theory is then used to analyse the product ofnetwork-based special operations.The conclusions that can be made are that network-based operations use thisshared situational awareness to self synchronize operations resulting inincreased speed of decision making and in the end higher speed of operations.The importance of informational advantage through gaining (security andsurprise) and maintaining (speed and purpose) also becomes very clear. Onthe other hand, network-based special operations become very limited by themission preparation phase. So while the network increases planning speed, italso requires greater preparation time in rehearsing and exercising thedifferent parts of the network.The entire conclusion is that network-based special operations will slowlyevolve by implementation of new technology and network based procedures.The operational paradigm will mainly be seen on the political and strategiclevels ability to control individual units, which I think is more of anapprehension than a practical reality.

  • 130.
    Hannu, Linus
    Swedish Defence University.
    Detektering från prickskyttar från helikoptrar: elektrooptiska sensorer i VMS2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, Sweden has operative Black Hawk helicopters in Afghanistan. The tasks they are solving in Afghanistan are forward and tactical Medical Evacuation (MEDEVAC).

    This work is about how existing Electronic Warfare Systems in helicopters can be supplemented in order to face a present sniper-threat during forward MEDEVAC in a conflict area which environmentally reminds of Afghanistan. In this work, a few possible techniques will be analyzed. This analyze will be based on aspects from a constructed scenario where the task to be solved, the conflict area, and the known threat is described.

    The result shows that MEDEVAC-helicopters can be equipped with operator-controlled sensor-gimbals where different electro-optical sensors can be combined. Gimbals allow reconnaissance in 360°. This contributes to the military utility since the main task can be solved by the helicopter personnel more effectively. Also, the probability of survival will probably increase and the personnel and wounded soldiers might feel more secure than before.

  • 131.
    Hansen, Gunnar
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Autonom och obemannad undervattensfarkost med sjöminröjningsapplikation i ett nätverksbaserat försvar2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with this thesis is to highlight the tactical and operationalcapabilities with an AUV system, mainly in mine hunting, and show how an AUVsystem can be integrated in a network based defence.The threat and required capabilities are changing as time passes by. The sea mine hasevolved from contact and influence mines to today’s torpedo mines with a greaterperformance. The safety of personnel is important. Network based defence isintroduced. Control over the area of operation is required. With unmanned andautonomous underwater vehicles (AUV’s) it’s possible to meet the required demands.AUV systems with enhanced capability are being developed. The systems needfurther progress in fields like sustainability and autonomy. Sensors in Mine warfareapplications are getting better and better. Hydro acoustic and optical sensors will havebetter capabilities of detecting objects on the seabed. AUV systems in mine huntingapplications will enhance the capabilities of understanding and awareness in militaryoperations. An AUV system can operate, early, hidden and in the frontline in areasthat in the past were unapproachable. This contributes, and makes it possible toconduct joint operations in high tempo.

  • 132.
    Hanson, Mattias
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Försvar mot cyberkrigföring2002Student paper otherStudent thesis
  • 133.
    Hansson, Marcus
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Fältarbetspansarvagn: rysk kunskap till Svea rikes gagn2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 134.
    Hansson, Stefan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    AESA-teknik för framtida artillerilokaliseringsradar, en nödvändighet eller lyx?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We are living in a world where technology development is accelerating and seemingly exponentially and tirelessly will continue to increase. How this will affect the Armed Forces' choice of technology for future generations of sensor capability regarding weapon location systems and related to operational requirements, interoperability and economics is particularly interesting when the radar technology is in a generation shift. Proven technology, international and military requirements for a weapon locating radar system are set against new antenna technology and the Swedish research and development of the Active Electronically Scanned Arrays (AESA).

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether new technology is necessary for weapon locating systems or is "yesterday's" technology as good as, or maybe even better, in certain applications and situations than AESA? Is AESA technology a necessary step for weapon locating systems?

    The method of this paper is a comparative literature study, i.e. a qualitative textual analysis from a given theoretical framework. This essay is also investigating where I have linked theory with empirical data from interviews with Saab EDS, FMV and FOI.

    The results show that the new radar technology adds new abilities and can improve sensor performance, but to only use AESA technology for weapon locating purposes is both expensive and exclusive. The active antenna technology is also suitable for multi-functionality, which may play a crucial role in the future.

  • 135.
    Hansson, Stefan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Militära ”mobil-appar”: Den militära nyttan med kommersiell teknik för militära ändamål2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transformation of the Swedish Armed Forces is bringing about major changes in many areas. Indirect fire is one capability affected by these changes. Financial savings, a shrinking organization and higher eligibility requirements mean that fewer soldiers will gain access to exclusive high-tech support resources such as the JAS 39 Gripen aircraft and the ARCHER artillery system. This thesis aims to examine whether access to indirect fire capability can be increased through the use of civilian products and communication networks. Technology development in the civilian mobile communications area is exponential and nations such as the USA, facing challenges similar to those of the Swedish Armed Forces, devote substantial resources to research and development. Is the use of mobile phones for military purposes the innovation needed by the Swedish Armed Forces, do the necessary technical conditions exist and is the technology applicable during peace and wartime operations? The results indicate that the military use of commercial technology is too low at the moment, but that the technology itself sets no limits, and that there is a need and a demand to develop military mobile apps. The robustness of commercial networks does not meet Armed Forces’ requirements and the Armed Forces need a clear strategy that states the aims and objectives before procurement and implementation is possible. The results show further that, regardless of the challenges identified, there are good reasons to continue to pursue these issues in order to build up experience and knowledge in this area of technology. The development of civil mobile phone technology for military purposes will mean that there is an economically viable resource to use in the future.

  • 136.
    Hassgård, Ulf
    Swedish National Defence College.
    The lowest echelon in Network Centric Warfare: possibilities and limitations in the soldier level command, control and communication system2002Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Like many other military forces around the world the Swedish Armed Forces have started a transition towards anetwork centric defence. This thesis will centre on what information services that will be needed in the lowestechelons of the network (i.e. at soldier level). The visions and predictions on the technical (r)evolution are in somecases exaggerated. Possible short-range communication techniques by the soldier in the frontline due to throughputlimitations have been analysed. IEEE 802.11x and Bluetooth are the leading short-range communications techniquesexamined along with techniques such as HiperLan/2, UWB and 60 GHz in this aspect. The conclusions will show howmuch data that will be possible to transmit in this short-range network. Through literature and comparative studiesbetween different countries’ projects for the future soldier, as well as interviews and study visits, the obviousconclusion is that the basic equipment for the soldier as a part of the Network will be devices for communications,navigation and positioning, and presentation. This will be complemented with weapons sensors, target acquisitionequipment, etc. In a 5 to 10-year perspective it will not be possible to transmit high-resolution video on a low-speeddata connection. It will, on the other hand, be possible to send speech, messages, still images, low quality video, targetdata, etc. to and from the future soldier. Apart from speech, all of the information above must be compiled andpresented in some way to the soldier in a C3-system. The human-machine interface will in many cases be built ongraphics and moving pictures. The resolution of these pictures, as another contributor to the throughput, will also beexamined in the context of this thesis as well as the contribution to the throughput from error correction andencryption. The result points out HiperLAN/2 as the most promising technique, followed by UWB or 60-GHz, but themost feasible in the near future will be IEEE 802.11b, since the others are not yet commercialised products.

  • 137.
    Hellström, Erik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Stridsvagn: teknisk och taktisk utveckling2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 138.
    Hemlén, Göran
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Skyddet av en camp vid internationella insatser mot komplexa hot2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis demonstrates protection solutions that can be suitable for a camp during internationalmissions in order to resist complex threats. The threats could consist of small arms, machineguns,RPG 7, anti armour missiles, mortar, artillery, HPM-weapons, car bombs, biological and chemicalweapons as well as sabotage and theft. It’s not the technology itself that makes the threat scenariocomplex it’s the way the opponent acts during the operations. The opponent acts usually incivilian clothes and therefore he is difficult to distinguish from other civilians. To be able to resistthe complex threat scenario, new solutions of protection need to be suggested for example warningsystems.It’s important to see the protection solutions as a part of the whole camp concept. Amongst otherthings the geographical position of the camp and how the units are deployed in it, affects thepossibility of protection and the need for it. Some protection solutions are usable against severalthreats. A protection solution that involves a rapid establishment with sufficient protection ispreferable, instead of the very best adapted and time-consuming solution.

  • 139.
    Hilbertsson, Henrik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Riskerna med smarta mobiltelefoner i svenska markförband2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, the risks of smartphones in Swedish land forces are analysed from anElectronic Warfare perspective, focusing on Signals Intelligence.

    The analysis is based on a fictitious scenario in a national context involving two differentactors. One actor uses smartphones and the other actor uses high technology ElectronicWarfare systems to exploit the phones. Based on risk indicators developed in the thesis, twodifferent cases are created, which are then analysed using a qualitative method with elementsof quantitative calculations.

    The results reveal that smartphones, used in Swedish land forces, put both individuals andunits at risk. The risks, analysed, are interception, location and revealing information fromthe phone’s Global Navigation Satellite System geotagging and functions. Therefore, the useof smartphones might unintentionally reveal information. Consequently, the use ofsmartphones requires an understanding of the risks generated. It is not possible to avoid risks,so the benefit of using smartphones must be weighed against the risk in each situation.

  • 140.
    Hoelsæther, Jørn
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ny materielteknologi, hvordan kan dette bidra til en økt operativ effektivitet og beskyttelse?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 141.
    Holm, Carl-Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Minsökning med obemannad autonom undervattensfarkost och syntetisk apertursonar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the military benefits of autonomous underwater vehicle equipped with synthetic aperture sonar conducting mine reconnaissance. The autonomous underwater vehicle and synthetic aperture sonar are compared through system analysis using a reference system within the Swedish Armed Forces. The reference system is a remote operated underwater vehicle with mine hunting sonar. The result is presented as conclusions and recommendations based on the basic capabilities; effect, mobility, endurance, protection as well as the theoretical effectiveness of the system conducting mine reconnaissance.

  • 142.
    Holmberg, Andreas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Luftförsvar för stärkt kustförsvar: En studie om burna Lv-robotsystem i amfibiebataljonen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The traditional landings with large warships near the coastline have been replaced by means of vessels moving beyond the horizon from the coast where the landing will take place. The old landing crafts have been replaced by transport helicopters and close air support, a threat that the amphibious battalion lacks resources to meet.

    The Swedish Armed Forces faces a possible acquisition of MANPADS and therefore the main purpose with this study was to examine the systems: FIM-92 Stinger RMP, Mistral and RBS70 NG, in order to assess which one of them who had the greatest potential to be effective when used by the amphibious battalion in a coastal defense operation. The study was conducted as a multiple criteria decision analysis, based on the concept of military utility.

    The result indicated that the RBS70 NG was the system that best met the requirements and demonstrated the greatest potential to be military efficient, although Mistral with minor exceptions fulfilled the requirements. As the study was delimited to a theoretical study based on three specific scenarios, further studies are recommended with simulations, as well as field trials before the result can be given a higher validity. The result, however, already helps us to understand how MANPADS contributes with military utility in coastal defense operations.

  • 143.
    Holmquist, Niclas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Elektronisk krigföring i lågintensitetskonflikter: sensorsamverkan för effektivare insatsförband2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 144.
    Hugo, David
    Swedish Defence University.
    Olika motortypers påverkan på Sveriges transportflygskapacitet: En komparativ analys av Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules och Embraer KC-3902018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis considers the problem of Sweden currently having some of Europe's oldest military Hercules transport aircraft of the type TP 84 Lockheed Martin C-130H Hercules. The Swedish Armed Forces have decided to modify the aircraft to extend it to 2030, but in the long term a new system must be procured. This thesis deals with the proven aircraft Lockheed Martin C-130J compared to the new Embraer KC-390.

    The approach uses Andersson et al's theory of military utility to compare two different transport aircraft as well as the system's introduction into the Swedish Armed Forces. The case is part of a comparison of aircraft with turboprop against turbofan engines.

    The conclusions from the analysis are that the C-130J is an operational system with long experience of operating in conflict zones from provisional runways, and the aircraft's performance and limitations are already known. With the KC-390, performance and limit data are an uncertainty whilst the system is not yet in service; as is its ability to operate from temporary airports. However, this aircraft is better in terms of range, load capacity and speed, due to the aircraft's turbofan engines.

  • 145.
    Hult, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Arms acquisition: Why is it so difficult?2010In: Militærteknikk, ISSN 0806-6159, no 2-3, p. 32-35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 146.
    Hult, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Arms Acquisition: Why is it So Difficult?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are several examples of failed arms acquisition programs, where costs have been underestimated, and unproven technology misunderstood.

    Arms acquisition programs seem to suffer from particular difficulties, judging from the results obtained. This is not only a U.S., and to some extent U.K., phenomenon, although the debate is by far most active in those two nations. The problems express themselves as cost overruns, delayed deliveries, and fundamental, sometimes insoluble, technical challenges. The term “acquisition” is here used for the complete life cycle process of a system, covering concept generation, design phase, prototypes, volume production, operational use, various upgrades, and disposal. The problems are typically, but not always, encountered in the design phase.

    Is military acquisition inherently more difficult than similar programs in non-military business areas? The fact that these programs are usually paid for by public money, that large sums of money are involved, and that programs often are not competed, all contribute to making these programs much more prone to extensive media coverage, in particular concerning any failures, compared to similar big-money, high-tech programs in the private sector.

    In this paper we will examine the technologies involved and their sometimes extraordinary pace of development, some inherent difficulties with big military programs, the fundamental difficulties with cross-border collaboration and the funding challenges in times of austerity, and we will propose some remedies.2We believe that the conclusions of this paper are relevant e.g. for the ongoing negotiations for Sweden-Brazil military cooperation and arms acquisition.

  • 147.
    Hult, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Innovative Thinking in Arms Acquisition2010Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Key note speech at the EuSec 2010 - Systems Engineering and Innovation Conference, May 23-26 2010, Stockholm, Sweden.

  • 148.
    Hult, Gunnar
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Vad får försvarets samarbeten kosta?2012In: Ny Teknik, ISSN 0550-8754, Vol. 14 augustiArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 149.
    Hult, Gunnar
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Claesson, Vilgot
    Sweden - Aeronautics RTD Programme and Research Agenda2012In: Proceedings of the Sixth European Aeronautics Days: Innovation for Sustainable Aviation in a Global Environment / [ed] Dietrich Knörzer, Joachim Szodruch, Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2012, p. 432-436Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Aeronautics RTD programme in Sweden was in the past dominated by the needs for the development of military aircraft and this programme is still continued to support the Gripen but with a lower level of effort. The national Aeronautical Programme (NFFP) started in 1994 and is now in its fifth phase (2009-2012). Its objectives are to: (i) strengthen Swedish competitiveness; (ii) strengthen the capability to participate in international research cooperation; (iii) support Swedish Armed Forces.

  • 150.
    Hult, Gunnar
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Jonsson, Björn
    GARTEUR: Long-Term R&T Collaboration in Europe2012In: Proceedings of the Sixth European Aeronautics Days: Innovation for Sustainable Aviation in a Global Environment / [ed] Dietrich Knörzer, Joachim Szodruch, Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2012, p. 447-450Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    GARTEUR (Group of Aeronautical Research and Technology in EU-Rope) is a multinational organisation that performs high quality, collaborative, pre-competitive aeronautical research. It is based on a government-to-government agreement (MoU) between seven European nations with major research and test capabilities in aeronautics. GARTEUR was formed in 1973 by the governments of France, Germany and the United Kingdom in the wake of the formation of Airbus. The Netherlands joined the group in 1977. Sweden joined GARTEUR in 1991, followed by Spain in 1996 and Italy in the year 2000. The GARTEUR focus is on research topics aimed at long term R&T because this is considered essential to assure sustained competitiveness of the European aerospace industries. A key asset of GARTEUR is its unique mechanism for cooperation, which has been used successfully for numerous collaboration projects over the past decades. It is the only framework in Europe for both civil and military aeronautics R&T.

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