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  • 101.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Staff Advisors in Military Context: A Qualitative Interview Study in Swedish Military Staff2019In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 9, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Military organizations have a long tradition of autonomy in relation to other groups. Most positions in military organizations, at least those at the higher levels, are reserved for military officers. However, given the increasing complexity of modern society, civilian specialists have become more common in high-level military staff contexts. The purpose of this study was, through an inductive approach, to gain a deeper understanding of the role of civilian and military advisors in a high-level military staff context. A grounded theory approach was used. The empirical material is based on 10 interviews with advisors in high-level military staffs, three of which were with women. The qualitative analysis resulted in a theoretical model that describes that the trustworthiness of advisors is established through two types of action-logics: (1) through the advisor’s individual strategies - that is, what the advisors themselves do and (2) through an “allowing” structure, which permits an increased freedom of action for advisors. Advisors' positions and skills are unique in a staff environment, which is important in a decision-making process. These two logics influence one another as well as the credibility of the advisor’s agenda. Research limitations/implications are the following: small sample, lack of representativeness, and lack of illumination of possible gender-related aspects. The suggested model may be valuable in military educational settings.    

  • 102.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad universitet.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Managing Boundaries in Integrated Care: A Qualitative Study of Collaboration between Municipalities and County Councils in Sweden2016In: International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior, ISSN 1093-4537, E-ISSN 1532-4273, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 139-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish healthcare has undergone continuous development over several decades. Today, legal responsibility is shared on the local and regional levels, i.e. between municipalities and county councils. The purpose of the present study is to gain a deeper understanding of boundary spanning roles and strategies involved in municipal and county council collaboration. A grounded theory approach was used. Fifteen informants from several Swedish health care authorities were interviewed. A tension exists between preserving boundary strategies that stifle collaboration and boundary spanning strategies that facilitate it. The way boundary spanners manage their role is assumed to influence the centre of gravity for this tension and thus the combination of favourable boundary spanning strategies and favourable boundary spanning roles is one way of getting the current form of collaboration to work.

  • 103.
    am Ende, Patrick
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kan kortvågsradion öka rörligheten på våra förband?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Min målsättning med denna uppsats har varit att forska kring hur kortvågsradion kan öka rörligheten på svenska förband i utlandsstyrkan. Inledningsvis har jag definerat vad jag menar med manöverkrigsföring, uppdragstaktik, de sex grundläggande förmågorna och radio. Jag har intervjuat individer som varit på enheter som rört sig i terrängen i Afghanistan och Kosovo. Jag har sedan diskuterat kring hur man kan öka rörligeheten genom att använd sig av uppdragstaktik och kortvågsradion. Jag har jämfört ledningsätt och radioanvändande mellan Afghanistan och Kosovo och dragit slutsatser från detta.

    En av slutsatserna som har dragits ur uppsatsen är att det är räckvidden som möjliggör en högre rörlighet genom att enheterna inte blir styrda till att hålla sig inom t.ex. en RAP-täckningskarta utan ger dem större möjlighet att själva välja framryckningsväg och möjliggöra att uppdragstaktik[1] kan utnyttjas på ett effektivare sätt.

    Denna slutsats beskriver hur rörlighet och uppdragstaktik blir effektivare genom att använda sig av kortvågsradion.

    Jag anser att kortvågsradion är ett radiosystem som försvarsmakten böra behålla och utveckla. Det som bör utvecklas är antenner och radio utrustningen som har tagit upp i uppsatsen. Förslag på förbättringar är att antennerna utvecklas så att man kan ha en antenn för alla frekvensområden så man inte behöver stanna fordonet och upprätta en deltaantenn[2] för att kunna sända på den lämpligaste frekvensen vid tillfället. Att det finns en individ vid campen som har som uppgift att uppdaterade frekvenspaketen varje vecka eftersom frekvenserna är väderberoende, för att mögligöra att radioförbindelsen blir så bra som mögligt. Radioapparaterna borde byggas med dagen elektronikkomponenter vilket skulle medföra mindre radioapparater, bättre batteritid och en mer lättmanövrerad radioapparat. 

    Jag kommer att avsluta med ett citat ur doktrin för markoperationer som jag anser styrker min uppsats:

    ”De ledningssystem som försvarsmakten använder ska medge en så stor flexibilitet som mögligt i valet av medel och metoder. Detta innebär att det bör finnas en inbyggd förmåga som möjliggör ledning från såväl en framskjuten plats inom ett operationsområde som från en stabsplats[3]”.

     

  • 104.
    Amador Eriksson, Daniel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Rekgrupperna i de svenska ingenjörbataljonerna: Är de bara ögon i terrängen eller har de möjlighet att bita ifrån?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the Swedish reconnaissance squads in the engineer battalions, their equipment, tasks and organization. An analysis is made to compare the present weapons and fire power of the reconnaissance squad with an extended weapon alternative. The analysis focuses on the abilities effect, protection and movement in different situations typical of a reconnaissance squad.

    The facts that are presented in this paper are mostly founded on the new field manual FältarbR Dyktjänst 2007, which regulates much of the reconnaissance activities. The aim of this paper is the making of a contribution in the developing progress of the new field manual and the reconnaissance squads in Swedish engineer battalions.

    The result of the analysis shows that the extended weapon alternative would be an asset.

  • 105.
    Amann, Daniel
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Applications Section. Herr.
    Affordability management and its influence on concept development2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 106.
    Amann, Daniel
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Applications Section. Integrated Product Development and Design, Machine Design, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Kihlander, Ingrid
    Integrated Product Development and Design, Machine Design, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Mats
    Integrated Product Development and Design, Machine Design, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Affordability aspects in the concept generation of defence systems2017In: Proceedings of 18th International CINet Conference: Digitalization and innovation: designing the organization of the future, Twente: Continuous Innovation Network, 2017, p. 26-38Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cost escalation for fighter aircraft is arguably not sustainable. Pushing frontiers oftechnology by incremental improvements of traditional platforms has led to anexponential increase in cost. This paper addresses the process of concept generationwith the purpose to explore how affordability is managed in that process, in order toidentify possible measures to improve the likelihood of generating affordableconcepts. This is done by studying two cases of concept generation of future combatair systems. The concepts generated in these two cases are however not curbing thecost escalation and are, with only one notable exception, based on incrementalinnovation. Nevertheless, the empirical observations offer leads to potentially fostera more innovative and cost conscious concept generation process, indicatingavenues for future research.

  • 107.
    Amann, Daniel
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Applications Section. School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Kihlander, Ingrid
    School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Mats
    School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Disruptive innovation barriers: Exploring value network inertia in complex low-volume products2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 108.
    Amann, Daniel
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Applications Section. School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Kihlander, Ingrid
    School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Mats
    School of Industrial Engineering and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Facilitating path change: A historical success story of product development2019In: Innovating in an era of continuous disruption, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 109.
    Amorim, Joni A.
    et al.
    University of Skövde.
    Hendrix, Maurice
    Coventry University.
    Andler, Sten F.
    University of Skövde.
    Gustavsson, Per M.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Gamified Training for Cyber Defence: Methods and Automated Tools for Situation and Threat Assessment2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 110.
    Amorim, Joni A.
    et al.
    University of Skövde.
    Hendrix, Maurice
    Coventry University.
    Andler, Sten F.
    University of Skövde.
    Llinas, James
    State University of New York at Buffalo.
    Gustavsson, Per M.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Brodin, Martin
    Actea Consulting.
    Cyber Security Training Perspectives2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 111.
    Amorim, Joni A.
    et al.
    University of Skövde.
    Matos, Carlos
    Instruction Center for Operations on Law and Order Assurance - CIOpGLO, Exército Brasileiro.
    Cuperschmid, Ana R. M.
    University of Campinas.
    Gustavsson, Per M.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Pozzer, Cesar T.
    Universidade Federal de Santa Maria.
    Augmented Reality and Mixed Reality Technologies: Enhancing Training and Mission Preparation with Simulations2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Instruction Centre for Operations on Law and Order Assurance (CIOpGLO) is a Brazilian Army facility created in March 2005 in Campinas, Brazil. The mission of this centre involves the offering of training in different perspectives, which includes the preparation of soldiers to enter in slums areas in Rio de Janeiro and other cities to arrest criminals, whenever a federal intervention is required. This centre is involved in training to guarantee law and order and, at the same time, prepare officers and soldiers for interventions even in urban areas. To allow such training, this facility counts with physical built sites to allow soldiers to train how to get inside houses, how to shoot at short ranges (from 0 to 30 meters), how to move and shelter while going up in a hill with many houses and corridors on the way, and so on. The Brazilian Army, in the last few years, started operating in slums like the ones of the "Alemão" and the "Penha" complex in Rio de Janeiro. The Army is also participating in operations out of Brazil in countries like Haiti. In situations like this, the armed forces take over the coordination of public security temporarily to recover the control of certain areas. Since the armed forces were not originally created to act in situations like this, there is a need to train all military stakeholders involved so that the operations are successful. Additionally, major events like the Confederations Cup, the World Cup in 2014 and the Olympics in 2016, generate additional demands for the armed forces, which are likely to be called to act at specific times. Moreover, it is noteworthy that there is a growing trend in which conflicts around the world occur, more than ever, inside the cities, where civilians take great risk and suffer many casualties, something called as “collateral damage” of the urban warfare. Recent examples include Afghanistan and Iraq. In this work, the preparation of soldiers at CIOpGLO is discussed while the possibility of using new approaches based on augmented reality and mixed reality technologies are considered. As a way to enhance training and mission preparation with simulations, this research focus on augmented reality (AR) supported by head-mounted displays (HMDs). HDMs may have many shapes, which include pairs of glasses with lenses that present AR with superposed images, enabling its wearer a total immersion in the simulation. The method used in this work involves a literature review on AR and HMDs, assessment of training needs at the Brazilian Army and an evaluation of emerging technologies from the ICT sector. The technologies to be considered are the HDMs, in this specific case the available programming languages, software and hardware from suppliers of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) and military off-the-shelf (MOTS). The main contribution of this work is the comparative study of the main solutions for HDM. This study represents an essential step for concept development and for the experimentation to exploit and evaluate the use of simulations. The research presented suggests that the approach is effective and that future work should be on both development of new applications and its evaluation in real training sets in Brazil.

  • 112.
    Amphan, Kevin
    Swedish Defence University.
    ASEAN, Sydkinesiska Havet och Säkerhetsgemenskap: En studie om säkerhetsintegrering inom ASEAN2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has attempted to answer why a stronger response isn’t seen from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in the South China Sea when two of its member states are vocal claimants of islands in the sea. According to the theory of security communities created by Karl Deutsch, members of a security community should have the same perception of external threats and deal with threats against another member of the community as a threat to their own state and well-being. This is not the response we have seen from ASEAN, but instead a divided ASEAN has tried to organize various forums to create dialogue with China on implementing the 2002 Declaration of the code of conduct in the South China Sea (DOC) as well as creating a binding version of a Code of Conduct (COC). This weak and divided response to China's expansive claims in the South China Sea could be due to weak security integration within the organization.

    Through discourse analysis of statements by all ASEAN member states concerning the South China Sea I conclude that there has been an increased level of security integration within ASEAN, where member states now have started to define threats and values ​​equally. Still there exists a considerable wedge in the view of China as a threat, which stands in the way of full security integration and in turn this stands in the way for ASEAN to become a fully mature security community.

  • 113.
    Anderlund, Jonas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Militärteoretiska principer för amfibieoperationer: en teoriprövande och jämförande studie med utgångspunkt i två historiska amfibieoperationer2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It requires a lot from the military to accomplish a amphibious operation. This task is something that the Swedish royal marines dos not have the capacity to implement. In the future the Swedish government will expect that the royal marines will be able to be included in amphibious operations alongside other nations. The writer will use the British principles for what amphibious operations require.   In this essay two historical amphibious operations will be used.

    To what extent can Geoffrey Till´s basic principles of amphibious operations explain the result of the Falkland Campaign and the Gallipoli operation. In Geoffrey Till´s book Seapower – A guide for the Twenty-First Century, he highlights five requirements for executing amphibious operations. The authors conclusion is that the theory holds up if all principles are met or not met. If they are met the conclusion will be that the operation will have a positive outcome. If they are not met it will be a negative outcome. To this extent the theory can explain the conclusion of amphibious operations. 

  • 114.
    Andersen, Morten
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Operation Iraqi Freedom: en samordnet og integrert kampanjeplan, eller et påtvunget fellesskap?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the Western part of the world a military doctrine normally provides fundamental principles forhow to organize and execute joint and multinational operations. Summarized it describes thebasis for the activity, gives guidelines for how the activity should be executed, and describeswhich functions and capacities the military must possess and master to be able to meet thedemands stated in the doctrine. To be acknowledged as functional and trustworthy, the doctrinesat the different levels must have the same message, and there must be consistency between thewritten word and the execution within the military services. In a time when both Norway andSweden are implementing new doctrines, it seems interesting to examine how the United Stateshandles this subject.The purpose of this study is to examine to what degree the joint thinking in the American jointdoctrine governs the different services, both in their doctrines and in their activities andperformance while executing military operations. In this work the study answers the followingthree questions:• To what degree do the Services doctrines diverge from the joint doctrine?• What indicates that “Operation Iraqi Freedom” was governed by the joint doctrine, andwhat indicates that it was governed by the Services doctrines?• What explanations can be found for the identified differences between the writtenmessage in the doctrines, and between this message and the execution in “Operation IraqiFreedom”?To answer this the study starts with a comparative analysis of the three doctrines “JointPublication 3-0”, “Field Manual 3-0”, and “Air Force Doctrine Document 2-1”. That is followedby a case study of “Operation Iraqi Freedom”, and at the end there is a closing discussion andreflection on the results from the two first parts of the study.Based on the three selected indicators identified in the joint doctrine, the study concludes thatthere are some differences in the written massage in the three doctrines. Factors like when thedocument was issued, experiences from the Gulf war in 1991, and a tradition of “stovepipe”-thinking within the different services can be possible explanations to these differences.In the same way the study concludes that there are some differences between the written word inthe doctrines, and the execution of the military operations in “Operation Iraqi Freedom”.Possible explanations to these differences can be the personal will of the Joint ForceCommander, positive experiences from the joint operations in Afghanistan, and the Secretary ofDefence Donald H. Rumsfeld’s concept of “overmatching power”.

  • 115.
    Andersson, Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Att utbilda med uppdragstaktik2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish armed forces claim that they are using mission-type-tactics. Some people argue that it’s not the case, at least not consistently. The reason for this might be the area in which the foundation for a doctrine, philosophy or any mindset is laid, the basic training and education. Today it is just assumed that mission-type-tactics are used. Inconveniently, this is also the area were the least research has been made speaking of mission-type-tactics. The essay explores ways of and suggests how to conduct basic training of soldiers but also education for attending officers in and with mission-type-tactics.

    The essay is divided into three parts. The first part defines mission-type-tactics from a Swedish point of view. The second part reports and analyses interviews made with platoon level officers and cadets who don’t think that the Swedish armed forces are fully using mission-type-tactics. The third part of the essay compares and discusses the first and second parts and answers the question of how basic training and education should be designed in order to attain the essence of mission-type-tactics.

    The conclusion is that the Swedish armed forces seem to have the right tools to conduct both basic training and education in and with mission-type-orders. However, there is a risk of inconsistency and not enough attention is paid to details that must be eliminated before the Swedish armed forces can truly claim to be using mission-type-tactics.

  • 116. Andersson, B.
    et al.
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Avlastningssamtal och debriefing: Handbok för samtalsledare2000Book (Other academic)
  • 117.
    Andersson, Bernt
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Ytstridskrafternas utveckling mellan 1990 och 2010: Vilka drivkrafter har varit avgörande?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 118. Andersson, Birgitta
    et al.
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Avlastande samtal för yrkesgrupper: Handbok för samtalsledare2009 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 119. Andersson, Birgitta
    et al.
    Tedfeldt, Eva-Lena
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Avlastande samtal inom personalgrupper : Handbok för samtalsledare2009 (ed. 2 [rev.])Book (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Andersson, Björn
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kan iranska aktörer påverkas?: USA:s förmåga till strategiskt inflytande ur ett fältperspektiv2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1979 when students occupied the American embassy in Tehran and the entire U.S.legation was taken hostage for 444 days, diplomatic relations between Iran and the U.S. hasbeen strained. Iran has also been pointed out as one of the countries “in the axis of evil” bypresident George W Bush. The purpose of this thesis is to examine what means and methodsof Strategic Influence that has been successfully used by the U.S. against Iran. Qualitative textanalysis has been the chosen method. To answer the question:What means of Strategic Influence has been effective in the attempt to influence thegovernment of Iran?Three cases of accomplished or ongoing information operations (one military-, one political-,and one media-operation) performed 1979-2006 is presented. Using the Field theory of PierreBourdieu the following actors on the Iranian field is introduced; Ayatollah, President,Parliament, Priests and the Middleclass in order to examine what methods have been usefuland successful from a U.S. perspective. This examination claims that it is the use of psyopsand soft approaches towards specific targets that has been the American success-story whilethe use of hard political pressure and the threat to, or use of military means has not achievedthe desired effects.

  • 121.
    Andersson, Björn
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Legitimitet inom ett COIN-perspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay presentation of a problem proceed from a possible lack of training or knowledge about valid doctrines for Swedish units conducting service abroad. The essay have the goal to give a snapshoot picture of how a Swedish unit interpret the concept of legitimacy and how the unit works with different aspects to support this. Relating material and also the tool for conducting the analysis are gathered from a wide selection of science in counterinsurgency and also American doctrines.

    The paper assumes that the concept of legitimacy is important in theories surrounding counterinsurgency and also for the used American doctrine. The concept of legitimacy has been defined by three issues, Legitimacy for whom, Who will perceive what is legitimate? and Who generates legitimacy for what?

    The result shows that the Swedish unit in the examined example has a width of vision of the concept of legitimacy and linking it to both themselves as the state of the host country and that both the population in both the home and area of operation. The differences of what is in the paper are reported as COIN theory or the American doctrine is small. An important part is that the paper shows that the Swedish's unit primary definition of legitimacy in a COIN perspective, are the strengthening of the country's security organizations legitimacy versus its own population. This would differ from the above reported theory and doctrine.

  • 122.
    Andersson, Carl-Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    NATO operativa planeringsmodell (GOP) prövad i slaget om Midway2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this paper was to test if the central conceptions in theGuidelines for Operational Planning, GOP, are relevant/universal by placingthem in a historical perspective. I had chosen to analyse the American planningduring the battle of Midway by using the Guidelines for Operational Planning.From the central conceptions found in the GOP I examined if they can betraced in the American planning procedure that was made before and duringthe battle.Midway was the turning point of the Pacific War. After a serious of stunningvictories Japan`s naval air arm received a shattering blow. Four aircraft carriersand the cream of her pilots, Japan`s principal offensive instrument in the bidfor domination of the Pacific, were destroyed.The completely extent of the American victory in the Pacific Ocean was notfully understood until a couple of years after the Second World War. TheJapanese fleet would never recover after this decisive battle.The central conceptions in the GOP and also the keywords are Centre ofGravity, Decisive Points, Direct and Indirect Approach, Culmination,Manoeuvre, Operational Pause, Tempo, and Lines of Operation.

  • 123.
    Andersson, Christian
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Framgångsfaktorer bakom gerillakrigföring2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Gerillakrigföring som metod i konflikter som inte är mellanstatliga är aktuella att studera ur ett svensktperspektiv. Ett ökat internationellt militärt åtagande föranleder valet av ämne, samtidigt som okonventionellatillvägagångssätt omgärdas av fascination. Uppsatsen undersöker vilka faktorer som ligger bakomframgångar med gerillakrigföring, i syfte att öka medvetenheten om de företeelser som behöver uppmärksammasi en konflikt med gerillakrigsinslag.I arbetet utnyttjas en induktiv metod kombinerad med fallstudier. Inledningsvis skapas en definitionsgrundför gerillakrigföring. Därefter prövas teorin om krigföringens principer som framgångselement på krigen iAlgeriet (1954-62) samt Malaysia (1948-57). De viktigaste resultaten är att framgångsfaktorer på taktisknivå skiljer sig marginellt mellan gerillakrigföring och konventionell krigföring. Vidare har interaktionenmellan civilbefolkningen, motivet för kamp och aktörerna som brukar gerillametoder framkommit somytterst väsentlig för utgången av de studerade konflikterna.Problemställningen för undersökningen är: Beror det på krigföringens principer att gerillataktik kan varaframgångsrik? Den avslutande diskussionen konstaterar att vid ett möte med okonventionella metodermåste hela existensen för en konflikt beaktas.

  • 124.
    Andersson, David
    Swedish Defence University.
    Krigets Atmosfär: Ett perspektiv på betydelsen av ovisshet i militära operationer2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Uncertainty is one part of what Clausewitz names the atmosphere of war, often referred to as the fog of war.  There are those who state that uncertainty are something that can be undone with better sensor systems, while there are those who state that uncertainty imbue all military operations.

    In this study uncertainty in a specific case will be illuminated, with the purpose to render a discussion possible about how uncertainty can be expressed in military operations. The study is based on a case study contains parts of the Japanese invasion of Malaya 1941. The case study is based on an analysis of two officer’s different view of the same campaign. The focus is to illuminate the uncertainty in their conceptions before and during the invasion. 

    The study resulted in that uncertainty was concretized and divided in to different shapes that had been discovered during the process. Finally uncertainty is discussed; in terms of how to approach to minimize negative impact, and, if it is possible to overcome as some suggest.

  • 125.
    Andersson Elfgren, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College. Helmut Schmidt Universität, Tyskland.
    The German Dilemma: A bachelor’s thesis about strategic culture and Germany’s involvement in the CSDP2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trough literature study and interviews, this paper describes Germanys strategic culture and analyze if Germanys involvement in the CSDP is one example of a two-level game where political elites by using the Europeanization process try to affect Germany’s strategic behavior. This paper presents a number of aspects of Germany’s strategic culture and identifies ‘Restraint in military matters’ and‘Aversion to unilateralism’ as the main features of Germanys strategic culture. The research show that there is a belief among the interviewees that Germany’s strategic culture affects Germany’s behavior and that the primary motive for Germany’s involvement in the CSDP is likely to be promote national interest, which is described as more effective defense spending and increasing international influence. However there is also signs, in both the literature and trough the interviews, that some policymakers try to use the Europeanization process in order to influence Germany’s security policy.

  • 126.
    Andersson, Emanuel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    MQ-1 Predator: ett rovdjur för Sverige?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 127.
    Andersson, Emmelie
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, Analysis.
    Förutsättningar för krisberedskap och totalförsvar i Sverige2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska totalförsvaret utvecklades under och efter andra världskriget för att skapa en trovärdig försvarsförmåga och en förmåga till självförsörjning. Över tid förbättrades omvärldsläget. Med nya behov att möta kriser och olyckor växte ett krisberedskapssystem fram som formaliserades i början av 2000-talet. Under de senaste åren har omvärldsläget förändrats och hotbilden mot Sverige och svenska intressen försämrats i flera avseenden. Detta har gjort att totalförsvarsplaneringen återigen har upprättats, vilket också får betydelse för krisberedskapen.

    Förutsättningar för krisberedskap och totalförsvar i Sverige ger en historisk beskrivning av totalförsvaret och samhällets säkerhet, från 1901 och fram till idag, med fokus på förändringar i hotuppfattning, lagstiftning och inriktning. Läsaren får fördjupa sig i det politiska system och juridiska förutsättningar som utgör krisberedskapens och totalförsvarets verktygslåda.

  • 128.
    Andersson, Emmelie
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Asp, Viktoria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Arnevall, Linnéa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Blomstrand, Rickard
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Deschamps-Berger, Jenny
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Ericson, Marika
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Palmgren, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Directorate for Officer's Academic Education.
    Sandberg, Daniel
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Förutsättningar för krisberedskap och totalförsvar i Sverige2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport beskriver utvecklingen av totalförsvaret och framväxten av området samhällsskydd och beredskap. Den ska ge en övergripande bild av hur det ser ut idag på lokal, regional och nationell nivå inom krisberedskap och totalförsvar. Det bör nämnas att rapporten främst fokuserar på utvecklingen av och förändringar i den civila delen i totalförsvaret samt på samhällsskydd och beredskap.

    Syftet är att ge läsaren en förståelse för dagens krisberedskap och totalförsvar. För att få en uppfattning för varför vi befinner oss där vi är idag, är det av vikt att ha med sig en bild av historiska händelser, förändrade hotbilder och av de beslut (och ickebeslut) som fattats.

    Författarna vill betona att rapporten ingalunda ger en komplett bild av krisberedskap eller totalförsvar, utan är tänkt att skapa intresse, kunskap och förståelse på ett övergripande plan.

    Rapporten ska främst ses som ett stöd för högskolestudenter, beslutsfattare och handläggare genom att ge en översiktlig beskrivning över de system och funktioner som utgör svensk krisberedskap och totalförsvar. Rapporten kan läsas i sin helhet, men kan också användas som ett slags uppslagsverk för den läsare som är intresserad av en särskild tidsperiod, händelse eller ett beslut.

  • 129.
    Andersson, Emmelie
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, Analysis.
    Fors, Fredrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, Analysis.
    Koraeus, Mats
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for Societal Security, Analysis.
    När myren blir som fnöske: En utvärdering av Fortifikationsverkets hantering av skogsbränderna 20182019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under sommaren 2018 utbröt ett stort antal skogsbränder runt om i Sverige på grund av det ihållande varma och torra vädret. Bränder uppstod även på flera av Fortifikationsverkets fastigheter. Den största brandutvecklingen skedde på Älvdalens skjutfält i Dalarna och krävde en gemensam insats från kommunala räddningstjänsten, Fortifikationsverkets egen personal, Försvarsmakten, Hemvärnet och frivilliga för att hantera. Som fastighetsägare ansvarade Fortifikationsverket främst för eftersläcknings- och bevakningsarbete. Fortifikationsverkets hantering av bränderna innehöll många positiva delar: initiativförmåga, improvisation och engagemang. Människor ville och kunde göra en insats. Alla dessa är viktiga komponenter i krishantering. Då detta är en av de största händelserna som Fortifikationsverket har fått hantera så har det lett till en rad nya kunskaper och erfarenheter som kan bidra till att utveckla myndighetens krisberedskap, men också till totalförsvarsplaneringen.

    Fortifikationsverket gav Försvarshögskolans Centrum för totalförsvar och samhällets säkerhet (FHS/CTSS) i uppdrag att dels utvärdera myndighetens insats i hanteringen av skogsbränderna vid Älvdalens skjutfält, och dels myndighetens generella förmåga att hantera uppkomna kriser. Underlaget till utvärderingen består dels av en analys av de dokument som togs fram under insatsen, av myndighetens instruktioner och planer samt av gällande författningar. Därtill har intervjuer genomförts med medarbetare och chefer inom Fortifikationsverket som satt på viktiga krisledningsfunktioner vid insatsen, samt med räddningstjänsten som samverkade med Fortifikationsverket under bränderna. Utvärderingen har resulterat i ett antal slutsatser och rekommendationer som presenteras kortfattat nedan. Rapporten har även kompletterats med en bilaga, ”Typfall skogsbrand”. Bilagan består av ett scenario där utbredda skogsbränder drabbar Fortifikationsverkets fastigheter och olika situationer uppstår som måste hanteras av myndigheten. Därutöver finns en checklista som kan fungera som stöd både före, under och efter en händelse, till exempel en skogsbrand. Bilagan är tänkt att användas till utbildning, övning och planering.

  • 130.
    Andersson, Erik
    Swedish Defence University.
    FJS: Arméns fallskärmsjägarskola och de grundläggande förmågorna – En analys av FJS utbildning och uppgifter mellan 1952 och 19702012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    1952 inrättades fallskärmsjägarskolan i Karlsborg. Förbandet var tänkt att lösa jägaruppgifter långt bakom fiendens linjer. Uppsatsen behandlar hur förbandet fallskärmsjägarna förhöll sig till de grundläggande förmågorna, dels under potentiella operationer men även under utbildningen av soldater. Uppsatsen behandlar även huruvida och på vilket sätt fallskärmsjägarna förstärkte de grundläggande förmågorna hos försvaret som helhet.

     

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att utifrån reglementen och anvisningar analysera de grundläggande förmågorna hos svenska fallskärmsjägarförband, både utbildningsmässigt och skarpt.

     

    Genom doktrinen med de grundläggande förmågorna har reglementen och anvisningar analyserats kvalitativt.

     

    Resultaten av uppsatsen visar att samtliga förmågor fanns representerade hos förbandet både under utbildning och under genomförande av företag. Förbandet förhåller sig till förmågorna på ett medvetet sätt som kan utläsas av utbildningen mot tänkta uppgifter. 

    Resultatet visar även att förbandet har möjlighet att främst genom sin förmåga till att ge underrättelse förstärka de grundläggande förmågorna hos Försvarsmakten som helhet.

  • 131. Andersson, G.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Hälsohögskolan i Värmland.
    Systematisk träning ger resultat: En analys av försäsongsträning hos orienterare som sedan vann EM1988Report (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Andersson, Helena
    Swedish Defence University.
    Barents hav: En studie i rysk och norsk strategi och marina styrkeförhållanden2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Trettiofem mil från den svenska gränsen börjar havsgränsen genom Barents hav mellan Ryssland och Norge. Under kalla kriget var denna gräns en skiljelinje mellan öst och väst. En ökad arktisk klimatpåverkan och smältande havsisar leder till nya ekonomiskt värdefulla fyndigheter i området. Detta frigör nya havsområden för de arktiska länderna att exploatera. Ekonomiska intressen leder till ökad militär verksamhet.  

    Studien belyser det säkerhetspolitiska läget i Barents hav mellan de två största aktörerna i området, Norge och Ryssland. Ländernas olika förhållningssätt och ageranden i Barentsområdet beskrivs i ländernas arktiska strategier och utrikespolitiska linjer, som i studien jämförs med en kvalitativ textanalys. Utifrån detta görs en styrkeanalys av ländernas marina enheter. Syftet med studien är att belysa eventuella likheter och olikheter i ländernas strategier, samt att jämföra ländernas marina medel kopplat till respektive strategi. Detta för att undersöka om syftet med de marina medlen följer den uttalade politik som förs. 

    Resultatet visar att det finns många olikheter, men även många likheter mellan de två ländernas strategier. Likheterna framträder till största del i den civila och ekonomiska strategin och olikheterna främst i den militära. Enligt studien ligger tyngdpunkten i den norska marinen i fartyg av mindre storlek, trots marinens procentuellt sätt stora andel oceangående fartyg. Den ryska marinens tyngdpunkt ligger i ubåtsförmågan och främst i den strategiska. Utöver detta visar studien att de använda marina medlen enbart till viss del följer den politik som förs och att detta skulle kunna leda till konsekvenser för det politiska projektets genomförande.   

  • 133.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Har Försvarsmakten behov av simuleringssystem för logistik?2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the change in the tasks for the Armed Forces from preventing aninvasion to maintaining high-readiness forces with a variety of tasks and theintroduction of manoeuvre warfare, the demands on logistics have changed andalso increased. Furthermore, the cuts in the defence budget and the process ofoutsourcing part of the logistic system have contributed to a new situation forthe logistics. To meet these challenges the logistics must be more dynamic andflexible than before. The Armed Forces need to be capable of accuratelypredicting when, where and to what extent logistic support is needed. One wayto accomplish this can be to use computerized simulation to a greater extent.The purpose of this essay is to investigate what need for simulation of logisticsthe Swedish Armed Forces have. In the essay the author also intends toinvestigate which systems have been used and are still being used within theArmed Forces and if these can be used or adapted for use in the future.Hypotheses about simulation and manoeuvre warfare, together with a modelbased on basic facts, have been used as the method for this essay. The sourcesfor information have been interviews made with officials, both within theArmed Forces and the Defence Materiel Administration, literature, reports andthe Internet.Simulation tools can, according to the results of the interviews, be a way ofmeeting the new challenges for logistics considering the speed and dynamismin manoeuvre warfare, the demands on efficiency in peacetime, and the use ofthe principles in the Just In Time concept. How and which areas to simulateneed guidelines from a doctrine on logistics so that one can take the right path.The Armed Forces need to improve knowledge about their own resources inorder to give a simulation system the correct basic facts.If the simulation tool is used to minimize the logistics resources for peacetimeand budget reasons, the Armed Forces can create a critical vulnerability.The present simulation systems are either already too old or will be obsoletewithin a couple of years. A new system should be established jointly with astructure of system of systems from the tactical to the strategic level. It shouldbe further investigated if civilian simulations systems can be used. The systemneeds to have interoperability with systems used by international partners suchas NATO, the EU and the UN.

  • 134.
    Andersson, Isabell
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Dynamisk operationsvärdering2016In: Operativ ledning: Slutrapport 2013-2015 / [ed] Isabell Andersson, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Andersson, Isabell
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Operations assessment: focus on reality rather than the plan2016In: 21st International Command and Control Reserach and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): C2 in a Complex Connected Battlespace, International Command and Control Institute , 2016, Vol. Topic 2, article id 056Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since no plan survives contact with reality, during the execution of a military operation it might be necessary to re-plan the operation. In order to decide whether, and when, re-planning should be initiated a feedback process is needed that provides the commander with information about the progress of the operation, and an assessment of whether the operation is leading towards the overarching goals or not. The operations assessment process is part of such a feedback process.

    The current method (in e.g. NATO) operations assessment is focused on the accomplishment of planned actions and on the effects in the operational environment system. A data collection plan is established during development of the operational plan which specifies which and how data should be collected. Thus the “questions” the operations assessment process poses towards the environment are tightly connected to critical elements of the operational plan.

    If the plan, however, starts to become obsolete due to unforeseen changes in the operational environment, there might be a risk that the assessment process, grounded in the plan, neglects information that is critical for decisions about re-planning. This paper suggests an alternative approach to operations assessment that is based on an idea of separating the operations assessment plan from the operational plan. Such a separation would focus the assessment process on the evolving operational environment, thus reducing the risk that unanticipated threats, or opportunities, will be overlooked and re-planning is overdue.

  • 136.
    Andersson, Isabell
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Operativ ledning: Slutrapport 2013-20152016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 137.
    Andersson, Isabell
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Kuylenstierna, Jan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Utvärdering av MSB Operativt beslutsstöd, ver 0.7: - Upplevd användbarhet i ett aktörsinternt scenario med oerfarna användare - Kompatibilitet med Försvarsmaktens Svensk planerings- och ledningsmetod2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som komplement till Gemensamma grunder för samverkan och ledning vid samhällsstörningar har MSB tagit fram ett beslutsstöd, Operativt beslutsstöd, som är tänkt att hjälpa beslutsfattare att besluta hur resurser ska prioriteras vid samhällsstörningar. Beslutsstödet ska kunna användas av alla aktörer som bidrar till att hantera samhällsstörningar, både aktörsgemensamt och aktörsinternt, och är tänkt att kunna användas med eller utan kvalificerad operativ vana. Beslutsstödet är av typen checklista och består av fem huvudsteg, med tillhörande delfrågor. Rapporten redovisar en utvärdering av ett utkast till beslutsstödet (Operativt beslutsstöd, UTKAST version 0.7) med avseende på beslutsstödets lättillgänglighet och användbarhet, samt med avseende på beslutsstödets kompatibilitet med Försvarsmaktens motsvarighet. Rapporten riktar sig främst till de som deltar i utvecklingen av beslutsstödet.

    Beslutsstödets lättillgänglighet och användbarhet undersöktes genom att användare utan operativ vana eller utbildning i att använda stödet nyttjade stödet för att fatta beslut om prioriteringar i ett fiktivt scenario. Elva grupper om två eller tre studenter deltog i undersökningen. Deltagarna fick ange om de använde alla steg i stödet för att lösa uppgiften eller om de avvek från stödet i något fall och då om orsaken till detta. De skattade även olika aspekter av beslutsprocessen. Resultaten tyder på att beslutsstödet var såväl användbart som lättillgängligt.

    Beslutsstödets kompatibilitet med Försvarsmaktens motsvarighet på operativ nivå, Svensk planerings- och ledningsmetod (SPL) undersöktes genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra officerare med omfattande kunskap om SPL. Resultaten tyder på att beslutsstödet är kompatibelt med SPL.

    Förutom dessa huvudresultat framkom ett antal synpunkter och förbättringsförlag rörande beslutsstödet i dess nuvarande form. 

  • 138.
    Andersson, Isabell
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Spak, Ulrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Krav och designkriterier gällande framtida ledningssystem2016Report (Other academic)
  • 139.
    Andersson, Joakim
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Samordning av luftrummet vid framtida krigföring2001Student paper otherStudent thesis
  • 140.
    Andersson, Johan
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Kan Försvarsmakten effektivisera med "Just in time"2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 141.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Center of gravity analysis: an actual or perceived problem?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Centers of Gravity (CoGs) analyses deliver vital input to the operational design. However, there are a great number of theories regarding the phenomenon which can create a certain degree of confusion. The diversity in theories may lead to misdirected mental energy where the focus is to discuss theories instead of using the theories at hand efficiently. The question is if the diversity in theory is an actual problem or if it just perceived as such?

    This research identifies the similarities and differences in the theories of Milan Vego and Joseph Strange & Richard Iron regarding CoGs, their sub elements and methods for analysis. The impact of the differences on the practical result is then surveyed by implementing the theories on adelimitated phase of the Falklands War, in order to conclude if the differences have a decisive impact on the product of the CoG analysis.

    The result of this thesis indicates that the diversity in theory is a perceived problem. The identified divergence does not reflect crucially on the CoG analysis and the variation of the input provided to the operational design is minor. The CoGs and the critical vulnerabilities identified are the same or at least similar, no matter which of the two theories was used in this research.

  • 142.
    Andersson, Jonas
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Astell, Magnus
    Axberg, Stefan
    Brehmer, Berndt
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Brynielsson, Joel
    Hagstedt, Daniel S
    Nylander, Martin
    Reberg, Michael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Sivertun, Åke
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Lärobok i Militärteknik, vol. 3: Teknik till stöd för ledning2009Book (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Andersson, Jonas
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Bennhult, Jesper
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Johannesson, Elsa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Norsell, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Nylund, Jesper
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Thörn, Janina
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Interoperabilitet2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Effektiv medverkan i expeditionära insatser ställer höga krav på förmågan att samverka med andra nationers förband på alla krigföringsnivåer och inom ett stort antal sakområden. Interoperabilitet betecknar förmågan att utbyta tjänster i syfte att nå gemensam effekt. "Expeditionär förmåga" ställer nya krav på Försvarsmakten avseende interoperabilitet med andra nationer och organisationer.

    Denna rapport sammanfattar en studie i form av en kunskapsinventering som gjorts inom ramen för FoT temaområde Expeditionär förmåga. Avsikten med rapporten är att sammanställa befintlig kunskap inom området, att skapa en nuläges- och problemområdesbeskrivning samt att ta fram förslag till inriktning för det fortsatta studiearbetet. Studien sammanställer erfarenheter och kunskaper avseende begreppet interoperabilitet utifrån ett flertal infallsvinklar, bland annat kulturella, tekniska och organisatoriska. Inriktningen har legat på källor som har bedömts kunna vara av intresse för att bidra till att höja effekten av svenska expeditionära insatser. Kunskapsinsamlingen har baserats på öppna källor i form av böcker, rapporter, studier, uppsatser och artiklar samt intervjuer med svenska officerare.

    Rapporten beskriver kortfattat begreppet interoperabilitet med utgångspunkt i befintliga definitioner, sakområden och organisatoriska nivåer. Vidare ges en nulägesbeskrivning som dels redogör för konkreta problem i den operativa verkligheten under insats och övning och dels för ett antal organisationers och nationers forskning och utveckling inom området. I rapporten läggs även vikt på att sammanfatta metoder och ramverk för att validera och mäta interoperabiliteten hos ett förband eller ett tekniskt system. Rapporten avslutas med en diskussion om praktiska vägar till "rätt" interoperabilitet samt slutsatser och rekommendationer för fortsatt studiearbete.

  • 144.
    Andersson, Jonny
    Swedish Defence University.
    Understödjande förmågor vid specialoperationer: En studie av understödjande förmågors relativa betydelse för McRavens teori2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the relevance of enablers in special operations. How come, that the well-known and famous theory of special operations by Admiral William H. McRaven, doesn’t discuss the relevance of enablers in support of special operations?

    The purpose of this study is to tentatively investigate the connection of enablers to McRavens theory of direct action special operations. The investigation will be conducted through a case study of two prominent special operations; Operation Gunnerside and Operation Neptune Spear. Both operations exemplify a direct action special operation raid, but in a various time in history and context.

    The result of this study indicates, the relevance of supporting intelligence, mobility and command and control, to reinforce McRavens six principles of special operations. Further on, the study shows the direct influence of enablers, on key events, in relation to McRavens theory of relative superiority.   

  • 145.
    Andersson, Kent
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    A Case study report on signature engineering: The SEP multipurpose armored vehicle and the Visby class corvette2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this report is to present consolidated results from case studies of the development processes of the SEP multipurpose armored vehicle and the Visby class corvette respectively.

    The report is intended as an annex to a journal article named “Key requirements in the procurement of future Low Observable combat vehicles: A European perspective” published in the journal of Systems Engineering in 2017.

    Results filtered from interviews and document reviews are presented based on the structure of the Friedman-Sage framework (Friedman & Sage, 2004) for case studies on systems engineering. Firstly, data collected from the two case studies are presented and then the lessons identified consistent with both cases. The sources, an overview of the two cases studied and the application of the framework are described in the journal article.

  • 146.
    Andersson, Kent
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    An Exploratory Case Study on Swedish Development of Low Observable Vehicles2017In: Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Military Technologies (ICMT) / [ed] Krivanek, V., Brno: Brno University of Defence , 2017, p. 123-129Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A case study approach, based on interviews and document reviews, was used to analyze the systems engineering processes of the SEP (Armored Multirole Vehicle, in Swedish) and the Visby class corvette cases respectively. The focus was on signature management. The result is a thorough investigation of what worked in the cases studied. The main conclusions can be summarized in three points. 1) A preferred workflow from mission analysis to sub system design has been derived from lessons identified; 2) The three main success factors identified were: building technology demonstrators, having an Integrated Product Team approach, and establishing stealth as a key system design goal; 3) Coherence and traceability between military needs on the battlefield and signature requirements need further research.

  • 147.
    Andersson, Kent
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    Key requirements in the procurement of future low observablecombat vehicles: a European perspective2018In: Systems Engineering, ISSN 1098-1241, E-ISSN 1520-6858, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 3-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to propose guidelines for the systems engineering of future stealth combat vehicles using Low Observable Technology (LOT). A case study approach, based on interviews and document reviews, was used to analyze the systems engineering processes of the SEP multirole armored vehicle and the Visby class corvette respectively. The result is a thorough investigation of what worked in the cases studied, butwith lessons extrapolated into recommendations for future development programs. These will have to deal with an increasingly complex sensor threat and a transformed, multilateral, European procurement environment. The main conclusion is that coherence and traceability between military needs on the battlefield and signature requirements is expected to be particularly challenging. A workflow tailored for requirements analysis in LO combat vehicle programs has, therefore, been derived and is presented here. In addition, themost important enablers for future multilateral development programs involving LOT have been identified as: establishing common best practices, demonstrator programs, an integrated product team approach, and, in line with similar work on combat aircraft, establishing stealth as a key architectural  principle.

  • 148.
    Andersson, Kent
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division. National Defence University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Modeling the impact of surface emissivity on the military utility of attack aircraft2017In: Aerospace Science and Technology, ISSN 1270-9638, E-ISSN 1626-3219, Vol. 65, p. 133-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An analysis scheme and a mission system model were applied to the evaluation of the military utility of efforts to reduce infrared signature in the conceptual design of survivable aircraft. The purpose is twofold: Firstly, to contribute to the development of a methodological framework for assessing the military utility of spectral design, and secondly to assess the threat from advances in LWIR sensors and their use in surface-to-air-missile systems. The modeling was specifically applied to the problem of linking the emissivity of aircraft coatings to mission accomplishment. The overall results indicate that the analysis scheme and mission system model applied are feasible for assessing the military utility of spectral design and for supporting decision-making in the concept phase. The analysis of different strike options suggests that LWIR sensors will enhance the military utility of low emissive paint, at least for missions executed in clear weather conditions. Furthermore, results corroborate and further clarify the importance of including earthshine when modeling.

  • 149.
    Andersson, Kent
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section.
    On the Military Utility of Spectral Design in Signature Management: a Systems Approach2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an ongoing duel between military sensor development and developments in signature management. The last decade, with warfare characterized by joint expeditionary operations and asymmetry, has favored sensors. However, on account of the worsening security situation in Europe, there is now also an increasing interest in efforts to increase survivability of own military platforms. Spectral design is one of several promising technologies with extensive research potentially suitable for Low Observable platforms. It involves creating desired spectral optical responses from surfaces, in this case reducing contrast to background, by choosing suitable materials and structures. The challenge to a military decision-maker, faced with inherent uncertainties concerning the future and with limited resources, is how to choose among alternative capabilities, technologies or equipment. Correspondingly, on account of the system character of the signature attribute, researchers in technologies for signature management has difficulties communicating relevant basis for these decisions. The scope of this thesis is therefore to find and analyze patterns in decision situations involving technology or technical systems for military use, and the purpose is to propose conceptual and methodological contributions to support future decisionmaking. The technology focus is on spectral design and the application in focus is signature management of Low Observable military platforms. The research objective is addressed from a military system and capability centric perspective using methods from several disciplines in the military sciences domain. The result is synthesized from four separate studies: 1) on spectral design using systematic review of literature, 2) on military utility using a concept formation method, 3) on modeling for how to operationalize a link between spectral design and measures of military utility using methods of military operations research, and, 4) on cases of systems engineering of military Low Observable platform designs. In summary, the result of the work presented in this thesis is a compilation of related work in military sciences, systems engineering and material optics into a framework to support effective decision-making in relevant contexts. The major contribution to theory is a proposed concept called Military Utility, capturing how to communicate the utility of technical systems, or technology, in a military context. It is a compound measure of Military Effectiveness, Military Suitability and Affordability. Other contributions can be expected to support decision-making in practice; - the so-called Ladder-model is a template for how to quantitatively operationalize the military effectiveness dimension of Military Utility regarding the use of spectral design; - an applied Ladder-model is demonstrated, useful for analyzing the military utility of spectral designs in Low Observable attack aircraft; - a probabilistic framework for survivability assessments is adopted into a methodology for doing the analysis, and lastly; - a generic workflow is identified, from relevant development programs, including decision-situations that can benefit from the adopted methodology.

  • 150.
    Andersson, Kent
    Solid State Physics Group, Department of Technology, Uppsala University.
    Preparation and Characterisation of Sputtered Titanium- and Zirconium Nitride Optical Films1993Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Multilayered interference coatings based on titanium- and zirconium nitride and designed for solar control have been prepared using reactive d c magnetron sputtering. Preparation effects and degradation mechanisms were investigated. It was shown that the quality of the nitride strongly depends on the degree of crystallinity in the underlying oxide. It has been shown that the nitride layer partly oxidizes as the top oxide layer is deposited. The degradation is enhanced with temperature. A thin sacrificial layer of aluminium deposited between successive depositions of nitride and oxide is shown to improve the optical performance of the coating as preparedm as well as after accelerated ageing tests.

    The optical properties of opaque and semitransparent films of zirconium nitride have been studied. A thorough investigation of the influence of composition, deposition rate, substrate temperature and film thickness on the optical response of the film was performed. Both photometric and ellipsometric methods were used to determine thicknesses and the optical constants at wavelengths ranging from 0.23 to 25 μm. The resulting values of n and k, in the wavelength intervals where these independent methods are applicable, have been shown to agree extremely well. The results so far indicate an even larger potential for zirconium nitride based solar control coatings as compared to the titanium nitride based.

    Access to optical constants derived from films of zirconium nitride of variable quality made multilayer modelling a powerful tool in the design and analysis of solar control coatings.

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