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  • 1.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Eze, Nonyelum Lina
    (ESP).
    Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on business-to-business relationships in digital ecosystems: an African perspective2023Ingår i: Information Technology and People, ISSN 0959-3845, E-ISSN 1758-5813, Vol. 36, nr 8, s. 69-93Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    In the African context, the threat of the disruption of traditional business value-creation processes, currently facilitated by the growing information technology (IT) ecosystem, came with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Thus, this paper aims to investigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on interfirm relationships within the context of the digital ecosystem in Africa.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This study employs an explanatory–exploratory qualitative approach from an interpretivist stance to investigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on interfirm relationships. The authors conducted seven in-depth interviews with top management executives in a Nigerian technology company, together with the company's archival data that provided the pre, during and post pandemic (2018–2021) business-to-business (B2B) relationship structures, to determine how these relationships have been affected.

    Findings

    The results suggest that the pandemic had a minimal effect on partnership relationships in the B2B ecosystems of the case company but affected only non-partnership relationships.

    Research limitations/implications

    The authors' qualitative study is interpretive and the sample size is limited. Hence, there is a need for caution in generalizing the findings. The framework can be further validated across a wider population.

    Practical implications

    Partnerships can help organizations weather business crises. Consequently, organizations should maintain a healthy number of partnership relations to deal with periods in which challenges emerge in the business landscape. In other words, with tight contracts and a strategic focus on goals and objectives, partnership relations can help organizations weather business crises.

    Originality/value

    This study builds upon the burgeoning body of literature on digital ecosystems within the African context, which is a relevant contextual contribution.

  • 2.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    CHARACTERIZING THE DEFENCE INDUSTRY FOR RISK MANAGEMENT: A SYSTEMS APPROACH2023Ingår i: NOFOMA 2023 – Logistics During Global Crises, Helsinki, 2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Identifying total defense logistics concepts: a comparative study of the Swedish pandemic response2024Ingår i: Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, ISSN 2042-6747, E-ISSN 2042-6755, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 208-222Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The total defence (TD) concept constitutes a joint endeavour between the military forces and civil defence structures within a TD state. Logistics is essential for such joint collaboration to work; however, the mismatch between military and civil defence logistics structures poses challenges for such joint collaboration. The purpose of this paper is to identify logistics concept areas within the TD framework that allow for military and civil defence collaborations from a logistics operations perspective.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Pattern-matching analysis is used to compare patterns found in the investigated case with those prescribed from the literature and predicted to occur. The study seeks to identify logistics concepts within TD from the literature and from the events describing the Swedish response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Pattern matching thus allows for the reconciliation of logistics concepts from the literature to descriptions of how the response was handled, albeit under a TD framework.

    Findings

    Findings show quite distinct foci between the theoretical and observational realms in terms of logistics applications. While the theoretical realm identifies four main logistics concepts, the observational realm identifies five logistics conceptual themes. This goes on to show an incongruence between the military and civil parts of the TD.

    Research limitations/implications

    This study provides basis for further research into the applications and management of logistics activity within TD and emergency response.

    Originality/value

    Logistics applications within TD have not, until now, received much attention in the literature. Given this knowledge gap, this study is of original value.

  • 4.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Skoglund, Per
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Logistics growth in the armed forces: Development of a theoretical framework and research propositions2022Ingår i: The 34th ANNUAL NOFOMA CONFERENCE, June 8 – 10, 2022 - Reykjavík, Iceland: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS / [ed] Gunnar Stefánsson; Júlíus I. Guðmundsson, NOFOMA , 2022, s. 22-22Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Skoglund, Per
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Logistics growth in the armed forces: development of a theoretical framework and research propositions2024Ingår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 84-106Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the current instability within the European security landscape, militaries are seeking new ways to grow and counter emergent threats. However, there is a rarity of armed forces addressing logistics growth within literature. Thus, this paper investigates growth concepts that can enable military forces develop, conduct, and grow logistics to achieve its operational objectives. The paper undertakes extant literature analysis of three relevant theories of growth as a means to review for comprehending organizational growth. The relationships between logistics and three growth theories as well as industry growth practices are analysed. Argues that the development of the concept of logistics growth in the military require support not just from established growth theories but also from long-standing industrial practice in order to fully develop the best strategic-fit growth concept for the military. Nine propositions reflecting antecedent relationships amongst theoretical variables for growth are developed. Study serves as a point of departure for further research on military growth in general and military logistics growth in particular and provides military leaders with disciplinary options for evaluating logistics growth strategies for achieving operational objectives and goals.

  • 6.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Skoglund, Per
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    TO THINE OWN SELF BE TRUE… PERSPECTIVES ON THE SIGNALING OF LOGISTICS GROWTH AS POWER IN THE ARMED FORCES2023Ingår i: NOFOMA 2023 – Logistics During Global Crises / [ed] Aalto University School of Business & Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, 2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Berg, Elin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Queer Data: Using Gender, Sex and Sexuality Data for Action: by Kevin Guyan, London, Bloomsbury, 20222023Ingår i: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 788-790Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Berg, Elin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Pettersson, Ulrica
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Resilience and Resistance in the Digital Age: Revisiting the Threshold Effect in Total Defence2022Ingår i: Journal on Baltic Security, ISSN 2382-9222, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 41-60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For several years, the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF), M. Bydén, has acknowledged the significance of digital security threats (Bydén, 2017). Even now, he continues to stress the importance of taking such threats seriously; ‘Sweden is attacked everyday by means that harm our society today and in the more long-term. We are not in a military conflict on and about Swedish territory, but we are in a conflict about the values we want to uphold and interests we want to be handled in a democratic way’ (Dagens Nyheter, 2022).

  • 9.
    Ekström, Thomas
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Department of Defence Economy, Defence Logistics Division, (SWE).
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Logistics value co-creation in defence supply chains: A Swedish perspective2022Ingår i: The 34th ANNUAL NOFOMA CONFERENCE, June 8 – 10, 2022 - Reykjavík, Iceland: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS / [ed] Gunnar Stefánsson; Júlíus I. Guðmundsson, NOFOMA , 2022, s. 83-83Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Faxon, Hilary Oliva
    University of Montana W A Franke College of Forestry and Conservation, Missoula, MT, (USA).
    Mar phyo, Zin
    (MMR).
    Pan, Htoi
    (MMR).
    Kha Yae, Moe
    (MMR).
    Yay, Ka
    (MMR).
    Mi, Mi
    (MMR).
    Forced Fallow Fields: Making Meaningful Life in the Myanmar Spring RevolutionIngår i: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, E-ISSN 1743-968XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Women’s everyday work is critical to revolutionary projects yet is often written out of war stories. This article draws on a participatory photography project with rural women in Myanmar to show how, in the face of extensive violence, women’s productive and social reproductive labour sustains both individual households and revolutionary projects writ-large. We highlight the everyday acts of love and labour that generate affective and productive ties to rural landscapes, enabling people to endure violence and imagine a better future. Our work shows how making meaningful life has become both more difficult and more urgent during the Myanmar Spring Revolution.

  • 11.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Herder, Tobias
    Division of Social Medicine and Global Health, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, (SWE).
    Women’s sexual and reproductive health in war and conflict: are we seeing the full picture?2023Ingår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 16, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well established that women’s sexual and reproductive health (SRHR) is negatively affected by war. While global health research often emphasises infrastructure and systematic factors as key impediments to women’s SRHR in war and postwar contexts, reports from different armed conflicts indicate that women’s reproduction may be controlled both by state and other armed actors, limiting women’s choices and access to maternal and reproductive health care even when these are available. In addition, it is important to examine and trace disparities in sexual reproductive health access and uptake within different types of wars, recognising gendered differences in war and postwar contexts. Adding feminist perspectives on war to global health research explanations of how war affects women's sexual and reproductive health might then contribute to further understanding the complexity of the different gendered effects war and armed conflicts have on women’s sexual and reproductive health.

  • 12.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, (SWE).
    Introduction: Political Transitions and Gendered Transformations in Myanmar2022Ingår i: Waves of Upheaval in Myanmar: Gendered Transformations and Political Transitions / [ed] Jenny Hedström, Elisabeth Olivius, Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2022Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Department of Political Science, Umeå University, (SWE).
    Tracing temporal conflicts in transitional Myanmar: life history diagrams as methodological tool2022Ingår i: Conflict, Security and Development, ISSN 1467-8802, E-ISSN 1478-1174, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 495-515Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article adds to the emerging ‘temporal turn’ in peace studies by addressing methodological questions about how temporality can be captured and explored in empirical studies. Developing our methodological tools for exploring time and temporality, we argue, is critical to move beyond the supposed linear temporality of peace processes, and make visible alternative temporal frameworks that shape everyday experiences and contestations around peace in conflict-affected contexts. Drawing on a study of two conflict-affected areas in Myanmar, we contribute towards this aim through a discussion of how life history diagrams helped us trace temporal conflicts between overarching narratives of political transition and everyday experiences of insecurity. This facilitated a deeper understanding of how relationships between war and peace, and between past, present and future, were manifested and made sense of in people’s everyday lives. Our use of life history diagrams revealed temporal conflicts between the dominant, linear temporality of the Myanmar transition, and more complex and cyclical temporal frameworks people used to describe their realities. Life history diagrams also facilitated narratives that troubled an events-based temporality focused on macro-political shifts such as ceasefire agreements and elections, and instead foregrounded everyday experiences of continuous insecurity and struggle.

  • 14.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Olivius, ElisabethUmeå University, (SWE).
    Waves of Upheaval in Myanmar: Gendered Transformations and Political Transitions2022Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This is the first comprehensive account of the multifaceted processes of gendered transformation that took place in Myanmar between 2011 and 2021, and which continues to shape events today. The period began with the end of direct military rule and the transition to a hybrid, semi-democratic regime, precipitating far-reaching political, economic and social changes across Myanmar. To date, the gendered dynamics and effects of this transition have not yet received sustained scholarly attention. Remedying this gap, this book provides a much-needed historical corrective through a careful, nuanced analysis of the gendered dynamics of transitional politics, institutions and policymaking; feminist resistance, mobilization, and movement building; and their effects on labor, land, and everyday lives. Although the February 2021 military coup brought an end to this decade of experimentation and transition, in the richness of its analysis and detail, the book offers a deeper understanding of the current political situation in Myanmar. The gendered changes that the transition brought about have shaped both the current configuration of masculinized, military dictatorship, as well as the unprecedented role played by women in resistance to military rule after the 2021 coup. This analysis of the gendered dynamics and effects of the recent decade of political transition in Myanmar is therefore critical for understanding current events, as well as the ways in which Myanmar’s political landscape might continue to be reshaped.

  • 15.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, (SWE).
    Phyo, Zin Mar
    Troubling the Transition: Gendered Insecurity in the Borderlands2022Ingår i: Waves of Upheaval in Myanmar: Gendered Transformations and Political Transitions / [ed] Jenny Hedström, Elisabeth Olivius, Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2022Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 16.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Umeå, (SWE).
    Soe, Kay
    (MMR).
    Women in Myanmar: Change and Continuity2023Ingår i: Myanmar: Politics, Economy and Society / [ed] Adam Simpson; Nicholas Farrelly, London: Routledge, 2023, 2, s. 220-236Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender inequalities have persisted across macro-political changes in Myanmar. The decade of reforms provided more opportunities for women, but the 2021 military coup reinstated an almost exclusively male-dominated decision-making structure in the country. While Myanmar is home to numerous ethnic groups with diverse cultures, norms and traditions, the work of women activists and scholars has revealed widespread patterns of discrimination against women. Notably, this reality contrasts sharply with a popular official rhetoric about Burmese women’s ‘inherent equality’ with men – a narrative that has arguably done more to bolster the legitimacy of Myanmar’s governments than to improve women’s lives. This chapter provides an analysis of change and continuity in terms of both opportunities and challenges for realising women’s equality in Myanmar. Taking the situation of women during military rule before 2011 as a starting point, the analysis next moves on to exploring women’s experiences of the transition and their attempts at leveraging political openings for gender equality under the NLD government. We then explore the effects of the 2021 military coup on women, before concluding with a discussion of future challenges and opportunities for women’s rights in Myanmar.

  • 17.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Examining supplier, buyer, and customer triads in a defence setting - or what hides behind the hidden cloud?2023Ingår i: NOFOMA 2023 – Logistics During Global Crises, Helsinki, 2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 18.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Innebörden av Security of Supply2023Ingår i: Konferenspublikation PLAN-FoT-2023 Final, 2023, s. 163-181 / [ed] Logistikföreningen PLAN med stöd av Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan, 2023, s. 163-181Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Swedish public procurement and the defence industry: obstacles and opportunities2023Ingår i: Journal of Defense Analytics and Logistics, ISSN 2399-6439, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 103-137Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – A deteriorating security situation and an increased need for defence equipment calls for new forms of collaboration between Armed Forces and the defence industry. This paper aims to investigate the ways in which the accelerating demand for increased security of supply of equipment and supplies to the Armed Forces requires adaptability in the procurement process that is governed by laws on public procurement (PP).

    Design/methodology/approach – This paper is based on a review of current literature as well as empiricaldata obtained through interviews with representatives from the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration and the Swedish defence industry.

    Findings – Collaboration with the globalized defence industry requires new approaches, where the PP rulesmake procurement of a safe supply of defence equipment difficult.

    Research limitations/implications – The study’s empirical data and findings are based on the Swedish context. In order to draw more general conclusions in a defence context, the study should be expanded to covermore nations.

    Practical implications – The findings will enable the defence industry and the procurement authorizations to better understand the requirements of Armed Forces, and how to cooperate under applicable legal and regulatory requirements.

    Originality/value – The paper extends the extant body of academic knowledge of the security of supply into the defence sector. It serves as a first step towards articulating a call for new approaches to collaboration indefence supply chains.

  • 20.
    Hellberg, Roland
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Antai, Imoh
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Teaching Logistics Compatibility for Host Nation Support (HNS) in Combined and Joint Operations: Business as Usual, Trend or Paradigm Shift?2023Ingår i: COLLECTION OF ABSTRACTS NATO in the NORDICS, August 30-31, 2023. Conference organized by the Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies (SJMS) & the Swedish Centre for Studies of Armed Forces and Society (CSMS) / [ed] Ragnild Lome, 2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Hellberg, Roland
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Antai, Imoh
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    The role of logistics in a Swedish total defense concept2022Ingår i: The 34th ANNUAL NOFOMA CONFERENCE June 8 – 10, 2022 - Reykjavík, Iceland: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS / [ed] Gunnar Stefánsson; Júlíus I. Guðmundsson, NOFOMA , 2022, s. 36-36Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Hellberg, Roland
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Fauskanger, Eivind
    Department of Business, Strategy and Political Science, University of South-Eastern, (NOR).
    Learning of quality improvement theory: experiences with reflective learning from a student perspective2023Ingår i: International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, ISSN 2040-4166, E-ISSN 2040-4174, Vol. 14, nr 6, s. 1207-1226Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how professionals who are continuing their education rate a higher education quality management course with an emphasis on reflective learning and real problem-solving. The audited course consists of module-based teaching, while students work on an improvement project at their workplace between course sessions. This study has a twofold aim: to contribute to the design of quality improvement courses based on doing as we learn and to offer insight into the use of a final grading method that consist of a folder with reports from the intermediate work steps and a final report.

    Design/methodology/approach

    After completing the course, students received a survey with questions and statements about the course content, delivery and final grading methods. They answered these questions on a seven-point Likert scale and also answered open-ended questions.

    Findings

    It is clear that professional students value the interweaving of theory with real-life training, and they value module-based teaching in which theory is reviewed and applied to practical problems. Reflective learning was achieved through feedback from both teachers and fellow students on various interim reports. Students’ employers benefit from the course, as students gain experience with quality improvement. The grading of a final report on the improvement project based on three sub-assignments was highly appreciated.

    Practical implications

    Developers in courses in quality improvement benefit from learning how this course is structured, assessed and how participants perceived its components.Originality/valueThe course design with modules and intermediate work steps, where the students apply theory in quality improvement to a real project at their workplace, is an original concept. The modules correspond to the plan, do, check and act (PDCA) methodology.

  • 23.
    Ilis-Alm, Hans
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Pettersson, Ulrica
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Resistance Operations: Challenges and Opportunities for Special Operations Forces2022Ingår i: Journal on Baltic Security, ISSN 2382-9222, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 77-94Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to discuss how a state could best use its resources in resisting an aggressor when joint operations have failed. Focusing on the potential role of special operations forces (SOF) in resistance operations, the article examines scenarios where small states are attacked by a superior opponent. Based on the example of Sweden, currently still a militarily non-aligned country that nevertheless has adopted a security policy based on cooperation with other states, we explore how a small state not belonging to NATO might plan and prepare for alternative scenarios. Not being covered by Article 5, Sweden needs to be prepared to fight the war on its own. A better, but less likely, scenario would be fighting together with partners, at home, or in the near abroad. Since Ukraine shares similarities with Sweden in terms of its status as an enhanced NATO-partner, it will serve as an additional, and highly relevant, point of reference in the discussion. The developments in this war indicates that for a non-NATO member the primary alternative will be to conduct the fight on its own. Based on the above, the article will go on to investigate a number of old truths from the late 20th century as well as flipped lessons learned from twenty years of counter insurgency, primarily in the Middle East, South Sahel and South East Asia. Small states tend to have very limited size SOF which indicates that mission prioritization will be a key factor for the utility of SOF in resistance operations. There are, however, ways of finding other relevant roles, than the traditional ones, for SOF in resistance operations.

  • 24.
    Lee, Sheryn
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Prospects and Limitations for a Quad Plus Europe2023Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This brief discusses the Quad’s agenda and how its design is tailored to the Indo-Pacific. It argues that working with the Quad will entail individual, like-minded European and Indo-Pacific countries coordinating in ad hoc, flexible formats. Such arrangements should focus on niche issues where European countries and the EU have overlapping interests with Quad members, such as Indian Ocean and maritime security or ensuring cheap, high-quality, and reliable technologies to assist developing countries’ transition to renewable energy. It concludes with a set of policy recommendations on how to further this agenda.

  • 25.
    Lee, Sheryn
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Understanding “security of supply”2023Ingår i: ReNEW 2023 program / [ed] Tore Rem, Oslo, 2023, s. 1-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    sammanfattning
  • 26.
    Lindelöf, Peter
    et al.
    Universitetet i Sørøst-Norge, (NOR).
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Incubation - An evolutionary process2023Ingår i: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 124, s. 102755-102755, artikel-id 102755Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a two-step approach, combining bibliometric analyse with a literature study investigating incubation as an evolutionary process. Incubation is a vast and multi-phased subject. In order to identify and classify articles we used a theoretical framework consisting of life cycle, underlying evolutionary process and resource-based theory, and dimensions of incubation. Through the bibliometric analysis we collected 429 articles in step one. Generating an attempt to bring a fragmented topic in to a systematic logic by using a literature study, we closely examined the subject matter in step two, summarizing and categorizing our findings into sub-themes and component themes. In so doing, we offer a reliable, ontologically constructed, and practical insight into the incubation evolutionary process is. We discuss the phenomena as an ecosystem that generates an interim debate on which new theory on incubation may be built and research may be conducted. We conclude that conceptualizing incubation as an evolutionary process has potential for future research and theory development.

  • 27.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Umeå, (SWE).
    Hedström, Jenny
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    "On the Border, I Learned How to Advocate": Borderlands as Political Spaces for Burmese Women’s Activism2023Ingår i: Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, ISSN 1556-2948, E-ISSN 1556-2956Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the political space of the border through the experiences of women activists from Myanmar, for whom the borderlands in Thailand have provided refuge as well as a conducive environment for political mobilization. At the same time, the border renders refugee activists insecure and precarious. Drawing on life history interviews, our analysis expands conceptualizations of the border as a dynamic political space by illustrating its dual capacity to both facilitate and constrain the political agency of refugee women from Myanmar. In particular, the spatial and temporal fluidity and in-betweenness of the border is shown to foster both repression and resistance. Exploring the character and salience of the border as a space for activism over time, we demonstrate how the political space of the border is relational, constituted in interaction with other political spaces, such as politics and governance in Myanmar, transnational activist networks, and the politics of international aid

  • 28.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Umeå, (SWE).
    Hedström, Jenny
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    “They treat us like visitors in our own house”: Relational peace and local experiences of the state in Myanmar2023Ingår i: Relational peace practices / [ed] Anna Jarstad; Johanna Söderström; Malin Åkebo, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2023, s. 127-149Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Between 2011 and 2021, political reforms and renewed peace efforts significantly reduced violence in many of Myanmar’s conflict-affected regions. Despite this, people living in these areas did not agree that they enjoyed peace; rather, this period is described as a continuation of the war’s many injustices, marked by discrimination, marginalization, and fear. This chapter argues that a relational analysis of peace can enable us to make sense of this gap between drastically different assessments of peace and conflict. The analysis draws on focus group discussions, interviews, and participant observation with local civilians, civil society activists, and members of non-state armed groups conducted in 2019 in two regions, Kayah and Mon States. A relational perspective uncovers the fact that the fundamental logics of key conflict relationships, between the Myanmar state and ethnic minority groups and communities, have not been transformed by the peace process but instead manifest themselves in new ways, whereby armed violence has been replaced by other forms of domination, underpinned by inequality, non-recognition, and distrust. Exploring these relational dynamics enables us to pinpoint areas and issues that prevent the emergence of a sustainable and legitimate peace, and demonstrate the importance of relational aspects for people’s experiences of everyday peace.

  • 29.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå University, (SWE).
    Hedström, Jenny
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Phyo, Zin Mar
    Independent researcher, Thailand.
    Feminist peace or state co-optation? The Women, Peace and Security agenda in Myanmar2022Ingår i: European Journal of Politics and Gender, ISSN 2515-1088, E-ISSN 2515-1096, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 25-43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article engages with emerging debates about feminist peace and uses this concept to assess the ability of the Women, Peace and Security agenda to achieve gender-just change. We advance a conception of feminist peace as political conditions that allow women affected by conflict to articulate their visions of change and influence the construction of post-war order. Applying this to a case study of Women, Peace and Security practice in Myanmar, we demonstrate that features of how international aid is organised, combined with the Myanmar government’s interest in excluding critical voices, limit the ability of Women, Peace and Security practices to contribute to feminist peace. This highlights the potential for illiberal post-war states to obstruct and co-opt the Women, Peace and Security agenda, and shows how the women most directly affected by armed conflict are often the least able to participate in, benefit from and inform Women, Peace and Security practices.

  • 30.
    Puumala, Eeva
    et al.
    Tampere University, (FIN).
    Vastapuu, Leena
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Strategiavdelningen. Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Kynsilehto, Anitta
    Tampere University, (FIN).
    Muuttuva maailma ja Ukrainan sodan globaalit ulottuvuudet2022Ingår i: Kosmopolis, ISSN 1236-1372, Vol. 52, nr 4, s. 3-7Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Skoglund, Per
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv. Norwegian Defence University College, (NOR).
    Listou, Tore
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv. Norwegian Defence University College, (NOR).
    Ekström, Thomas
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Russian Logistics in the Ukrainian War: Can Operational Failures be Attributed to logistics?2022Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, E-ISSN 2596-3856, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 99-110Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The lacking Russian progress in war in Ukraine is often attributed to failing logistics, yet the logistics and its eventually failure is not explained. The purpose with this paper is to present some logistics principles that can be used to describe the Russian way of logistics planning, and to infer whether failing logistics slowed down the military operations or if failing operational conduct led to revised operational plans that could not be sustained logistically. The initial Russian Course of Action (COA) to take Kyiv was probably well supported logistically. When the COA failed, contingency plans most likely did not take into consideration the logistical challenges of supporting another type of operation, partly because of the logistics vacuum resulting from the preceding exercises. In the southeast the logistical concept seems to build on the echelon principle, which fits poorly with the lack of operational success. Adding to this is successful Ukrainian tactics of targeting Russian logistics resources which significantly reduces the Russian fighting power. This assessment is based on openly accessible information about the Russian campaign. Reporting from an ongoing war poses challenges of verifying data. Both warring parties and other stakeholders pursue their own interest through strategic communication. Yet, by combining different sources we believe that our findings are quite robust. For future research, archival studies both in Ukraine and Russia, combined with interviews with logistics personnel at both sides would add new dimensions to the research. We realise though that such data sources will not be accessible for quite some time.

  • 32.
    Vastapuu, Leena
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Strategiavdelningen. Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Beans, Bullets and Bandages? Gendered and Racialised Othering in the Depiction of Military Support WorkIngår i: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, E-ISSN 1743-968XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Combat Service Support (CSS) refers to the direct and indirect sustainment services to the soldiers and units (potentially) engaged in combat activities. In the Global North militaries support work is called CSS and considered vital for the armed forces, while support work in ‘irregular’ forces of the Global South is rarely addressed, apart from feminist research. Through intersectional reading, I suggest that this discrepancy can be best explained by gendered and racialised forms of othering where ‘feminine’ care work (the first other) and ‘irregularity’ (the second other) are mutually reinforcing. Drawing on interview data with Oretha, as well as other Liberian CSS specialists, I show the practical implications of this form of (double-)othering in war and its aftermath.

  • 33.
    Vastapuu, Leena
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Strategiavdelningen. Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Lyytikäinen, Minna
    University of Helsinki, (FIN).
    Gender Equality in Finnish Foreign Affairs from 2019 to 2022: Independent study commissioned by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland2022Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reviews the ways in which Finland has promoted gender equality in its foreign affairs from January 2019 to October 2022. Drawing from expert interviews and document analysis, it examines policy and programmes across all areas of Finnish foreign policy. In addition, it undertakes a case study of Sweden and Spain, two countries that have exercised explicitly Feminist Foreign Policy (FFP) in recent years, and compares these findings to the baseline analysis of Finland. The results indicate that Finland has incorporated gender equality to some extent in all areas of foreign policy, and most effectively so in the areas of development cooperation and human rights policy. Finland has also reached gender parity in diplomatic leadership as well as near parity among experts seconded to civilian crisis management missions. However, Finland’s traditional security and defence policies in particular suffer from gender amnesia, which is well demonstrated in the recent policy documents related to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, and Finland’s ensuing NATO accession process in the spring of 2022.

    When gender equality is included in security policy, such as in the Women, Peace and Security Agenda, or in diplomatic efforts outside the human rights policy realm, Finland’s predefined priorities of sexual and reproductive health and rights, gender-based violence, disability inclusion and intersectionality are only rarely referred to. Instead, gender equality is promoted in more narrow terms primarily by increasing women’s participation through gender balancing. This is understandable since Finland does not currently have a clear strategy to guide its international gender equality efforts.The case studies of Sweden and Spain suggest that while adopting an explicit FFP has transformative potential, it is not a magic bullet if not planned and implemented with utmost care. At the same time, the adoption process provides a window of opportunity for governments to redefine and sharpen their gender equality policies in foreign affairs, as well as reinforce coordination efforts with other governmental actors and with civil society.

    Finland’s strong reputation and expertise in gender equality provides it with an excellent opportunity to develop a transformative and intersectional foreign policy, whether named as feminist or not. If backed with the necessary financial and human resources, and a carefully drafted dissemination strategy, it has all the possibilities to create something innovative and new. This is important in today’s polarised world, where gender equality, women’s rights, and human rights norms are under continuous attack.

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