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  • 1.
    Mikael, Nilsson
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    The Power of Technology: U.S. Hegemony and the Transfer of Guided Missiles to NATO during the Cold War, 1953–19622008In: Comparative Technology Transfer and Society, ISSN 1542-0132, E-ISSN 1543-3404, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 127-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a large part of the 1950s, the United States was very hesitant to share guided-missile technology with its NATO allies. But by the end of the decade, the U.S. attitude had changed and in the early 1960s guided missiles were being transferred to Western Europe in large numbers. This article considers the reasons for the change in the United States' nondisclosure policy, arguing that the transfer of guided-missile technology became a means for the United States to uphold its hegemony in Western Europe. After much prodding by the European NATO countries throughout the 1950s, U.S. policy makers eventually realized that their attitude had to change if the United States was to retain the confidence of its allies. The change was implemented in basic hegemonic terms: in exchange for recognizing U.S. military and economic leadership, the consenting governments had to be offered some kind of material benefits. Military technology was a central ingredient in the bargaining between the United States and the NATO countries during the cold war. Without the transfer of U.S. military technology to Western Europe on a massive scale, the United States could not have claimed to be "the leader of the free world." The article shows that a hegemonic state must be sensitive to the demands of its subordinate nations if it wants to retain its leadership in international affairs, and that hegemony is achieved only at a price.

  • 2.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Aligning the non-aligned: a re-interpretation of why and how Sweden was granted access to US military materiel in the early cold war, 1948–19522010In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 290-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes a new look at the crucial years in early post-war history, 1948–52, when Swedish-American security relations were established. By 1952 Sweden was firmly within the Western sphere and was considered a trusted ally in the fight against the Soviet Bloc. What had happened since 1948 that made the Swedish government go from almost pariah status to a trusted ally? Prior research has argued that this change was due to a dramatic reversal of US policy towards Sweden, and has even pointed to a very specific date for this policy change—namely February 1950. Washington, it has been said, at that time gave up its objective of getting Sweden to join the North Atlantic Treaty (NAT, which became NATO in 1951).In contrast, the article argues that it was not so much that the Americans changed their minds, as it was Sweden that gradually corrected its policy of neutrality to fit American hegemonic demands, specifically regarding its adherence to the CoCom trade embargo; a process that lasted longer than until February 1950. Moreover, it questions the assumption that getting Sweden to join the NAT was ever a US policy objective. There is simply no evidence to support it. It also makes the case for a reinterpretation of the Swedish-American security relations in the early cold war. The article places these events within the framework of hegemony theory, which in order to improve the understanding of this process.

  • 3.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Amber Nine: NATO's Secret Use of a Flight Path over Sweden and the Incorporation of Sweden in NATO's Infrastructure2009In: Journal of contemporary history, ISSN 0022-0094, E-ISSN 1461-7250, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 287-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All through the 1950s and 1960s NATO had secretly utilized a secret flight path, called Amber Nine, over the southwestern part of Sweden. The Swedish government condoned the frequent overflights, despite the fact that Sweden was at the time professing to follow a policy of neutrality in the power struggle between the two superpowers. This article argues that the frequent American use of Amber Nine should be viewed as a materialization of Sweden's consent to US hegemony, and that Amber Nine effectively made Swedish airspace and airports a part of NATO's infrastructure. It also makes the case that the arrangement contributed to the eradication of the credibility of Sweden's policy of neutrality, and that NATO's routine use of a flight path over Sweden, a non-NATO country, warrants a reinterpretation of Sweden's role in the Cold War on NATO's northern flank, as well as challenging the definition of the NATO alliance.

  • 4.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Dick Harrison backar, men har fortfarande fel2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    KTH.
    Gud vare tack och lov så talade de inte om allt de gjorde: en källkritisk granskning av Neutralitetspolitikkommissionens betänkande2003Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Herbert Tingsten och Congress for Cultural Freedom: Ett symbiotiskt förhållandeIn: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Hur kan Harrison tro på Jesus?2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Jesus: Han var inte ens en historisk person2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Kriget: en oskiljaktig del av människans historia?: Recension av Jurgen Brauer and Hubert van Tuyll: Castles, Batles, & Bombs: How Economics Explains Military History Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 20082011In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2009-2010, p. 371-375Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Kriget i postmodern belysning: Recension av Judith Butler: Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? London: Verso, 20092011In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2009-2010, p. 376-380Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Limiting Diplomatic Friction: Sweden, the United States and SKF's ball bearing exports to Eastern Europe, 1950-522009In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 57, no 3, p. 273-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the U.S. government’s efforts to curb the Swedish ball bearing producer SKF’s exports to the East early in the Cold War, 1950-1952, and interprets this process within the framework of hegemony theory. The period up to mid-1951 saw increasing U.S. pressure upon Sweden and SKF to consent to U.S. hegemony by abiding by the CoCom embargo. To achieve its objectives U.S. policymakers developed a flexible ‘’carrot and stick’’ approach, and the article adds considerable detail regarding the U.S. government’s handling of SKF. U.S. tolerance and flexibility was dependent upon Swedish consent to American hegemony in Western Europe, which was received through the signing of the Stockholm agreement in mid-June 1951, a hegemonic apparatus through which Sweden’s abidance by the embargo was handled. A small amount of exports was accepted by Washington as long as the main U.S. objective, to deny the Eastern Bloc strategic technology, was adhered to by SKF. The article also reveals the lack of policy coordination in the Swedish government, and the conflicts between the government and SKF regarding the responsibility for adhering to the embargo.

  • 12.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Mer samtidskritik än historisk analys2008In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 3, p. 107-112Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 20082008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Magnus Mörner, Can the "little war" in Finland in 1808 be fruitfully compared with the Spanish guerrilla?, The Finnish Case, The Spanish Case, Comparison
    • Fredrik Thisner, Det senfeodala resurssystemet och den agrara revolutionen, Några uppslag inför en studie av indelningsverket 1721-1833, Indelningsverket, Resurserna, Boställen, Naturalöner
    • Roland Persson, Det militära indelningsverket, Anpassning och problem under det stora nordiska kriget med särskild inriktning på det ständiga knektehållet
    • Kent Zetterberg, Riksdagen, MO och försvarets demokratisering 1914-1945, En studie i reformsträvanden och Militieombudsmannens (MO) verksamhet, Ett demokratiskt problem, Kungamakten, JO och MO, Revolutionära stämplingar, Stålhane och Branting, Axel Gyllenkrooks missfirmelse av underlydande, Ryttmästare Möllersvärd blir förbannad
    • Ashok Nath, 1857 - War of independence, Mutiny or what?, Problems of interpretation

    Recensioner

    • Terje Emberland & Bernt Rougthvedt, Det ariske idol: Forfatteren, eventyreren og nazisten Per Imerslund, anmälan av Lars Gyllenhaal
    • Lance E. Davis och Stanley L. Engerman, Naval Blockades in Peace and War, An Economic History since 1750, anmälan av Erik Lindberg
    • Frank Bøgh, Krigeren. KB. Martinsen, officer og landsforraeder, anmälan av Lars Gyllenhaal
    • Wilhelm Agrell, Maskerad front: Kalla krigets underrättelsehistoria, anmälan av Sam Nilsson
    • Lennart Samuelson, Tankograd: Den ryska hemmafrontens dolda historia 1917-1953, anmälan av Michael H Clemmesen

    Författare

  • 14.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Militärhistorisk tidskrift 2009-20102011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord

    Bidrag från Helsningborgskonferensen

    • Lars Ericson Wolke & Niels Bo Poulsen - Slaget vid Helsingborg – En Konferens
    • Michael Bergnsbo - Den store Nordiske Krig og det danske imperium 
    • Magnus Perlestam - Magnus Stenbocks reglemente – En granskning 
    • Lars Ericson Wolke - Mellan Poltava och Tönningen – Svenska operativa förutsättningar och resursmobiliseringen 1709–1713 
    • Björn Gäfvert - Helsingborg 1710 – De samtida kartorna över operationsområdet 
    • Kjeld Hald Galster - Forberedelse til krig – Dansk langtidsplanlægning med henblik på revanche mod Sverige 
    • Per Iko - Slaget vid Helsingborg den 28 februari 1710 Bilden av slaget: när – var – hur? 
    • Bo Knarrström - Examples from the dirt archive – Records of battlefield archaeology in Scania, Southern Sweden
    • Hanne Sanders - Helsingborg, lokalsamhället och de dansk-svenska krigen Skånelandskapen i krig och fred 
    • Jakob Seerup - Fra Kongelig Gunst til Professionel Merit – Søofficerersavancementer i 1700-tallet 
    • Kent Zetterberg - Slaget vid Helsingborg 1710 och Sveriges gradvisa övergång från stormakt till medelstor makt i Europa 
    • Lars Bangert Struwe - Nu eller aldrig – Dansk strategisk tankegang i 1700-tallet

    Övriga teman

    • Lars Ericson Wolke - Varför blev man Finlandsfrivillig 1939–1944? – En enkät ett halvt sekel senare 
    • Fredrik Eriksson - ”Krigsman skall frukta Gud och vara Konungen huld och trogen” – Historiebruk i svenska soldatinstruktioner under mellankrigstiden 
    • Angela Moran - ‘No country could remain neutral in the cold war’ – Neutrality in Europe during the Cold War 
    • Fredrik Thisner - Bortom det stora nordiska kriget: – Officerskarriärens ekonomiska anatomi i Sverige och Danmark-Norge, ca 1720–1800 
    • Piotr Wawrzeniuk - Fiende, allierad eller frände? Polska militära analyser av Finland under mellankrigstiden
    • Marco Wyss - A War-Profiteer or a Strategic Lightweight? Switzerland in American Aircraft Supply Priorities in the Emerging Cold War 
    • Hampus Östh Gustafsson - Friktionernas krig – Albrecht von Lantingshausen och landsättningen vid Lokalaks

    Recensioner

    • Michael H. Clemmesen. Den lange vej mod 9. april. Historien om de fyrre år för den tyske operation mod Norge og Danmark i 1940. anmälan av Lars Ericson Wolke
    • Jurgen Brauer och Hubert van Tuyll. Castles, Battles, & Bombs: How Economics Explains Military History. anmälan av Mikael Nilsson
    • Judith Butler. Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable?. anmälan av Mikael Nilsson

    Författare

  • 15.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Neutralitetspolitikens fiasko under kalla kriget2009In: Internationella studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 2, p. 60-66Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Science as propaganda: Swedish scientists and the co-production of American hegemony in Sweden during the cold war, 1953-682012In: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 275-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes a close look at how the United States used the funding of scientific research in Sweden as a hegemonic and propaganda tool in the 1950s and 1960s. It shows that non-aligned Sweden functioned just as much as a node in the international science network set up by the Americans after the Second World War as did the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries. These funds were awarded mainly to an elite network of prominent Swedish scientists. The article sheds interesting light on the controversies of such funding in Sweden during the cold war and adds important knowledge about Swedish-American relations during the cold war. The article argues that this Swedish scientific elite co-produced US hegemony in Sweden by actively seeking out American military funding and by making use of it. It also argues that US funding was intended to portray the United States as an altruistic patron of science in the world and thus serve American propagandistic purposes as well.

  • 17.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Spekulationer om Polaris2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Sverige borde samöva med Ryssland2009Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Svältkatastrof eller folkmord?: Miljoner dog i Ukraina – nya fakta om Sveriges roll2011In: Vetenskap & historia, ISSN 2000-530X, no 7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    The editor and the CIA: Herbert Tingsten and the Congress for Cultural Freedom : a symbiotic relationship2011In: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 147-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the relations between perhaps Sweden's most influential publicist during the Cold War, the professor of political science and editor-in-chief of Sweden's largest daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter 1946-1959, Herbert Tingsten, and the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF), a CIA-sponsored organisation gathering the elite of the world's non-communist leftist intellectuals, Congress for Cultural Freedom and its Swedish sub-branch called 'Svenska kommitten for kulturens frihet' (SKfKF). Tingsten was a professor of political science at University of Stockholm from 1935 to 1946 and then editor-in-chief of Sweden's largest daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter from 1946 to 1959. It argues that parts of Tingsten's work both as an opinion maker and as a scholar was part of a symbiotic relationship with the CCF and the SKfKF. Tingsten was the foremost propagator for the 'end of ideology' thesis in Sweden and the article argues that this campaign was inspired by the CCF's advancement of this idea in the 1950s and 1960s. Tingsten was personally acquainted with several CCF intellectuals and he visited several of the CCF's conferences. The article also makes the case that Tingsten helped the CCF and the SKfKF's causes and furthered their agendas in a number of ways during his time as editor-in-chief of DN. For example, Tingsten allowed the SKfKF to use DN as a platform for presenting its ideas and programmes to a broader public. The article thus shows how the CCF network of intellectuals influenced opinion making in non-aligned Sweden.

  • 21.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    Kungl. Tekniska högskolan.
    Tools of Hegemony: military technology and Swedish-American security relations 1945-19622007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    et al.
    KTH.
    Gribbe, Johan
    KTH.
    The Foreign Domestic: Hard Artefacts and Soft Politics in Sweden During the First Half of the Cold War, 1945-19672005In: Journal of the international committee for the history of technology, ICON, ISSN 1361-8113, Vol. 11, p. 51-62Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Natoanpassning ökar säkerheten2008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    et al.
    KTH.
    Stenlås, Niklas
    KTH.
    ColdWar Neutrality and Technological Dependence: Swedens's Military Technology and the East-West Trade2005In: East-West Trade and the Cold War / [ed] Jari Eloranta and Jari Ojala, Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä , 2005, p. 133-151Chapter in book (Other academic)
1 - 24 of 24
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