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  • 1.
    Ben Jaffel, Hager
    et al.
    National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), (FRA).
    Larsson, Sebastian
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Conclusion: Towards New Intelligence Studies2022In: Problematising Intelligence Studies: Towards a new research agenda / [ed] Hager Ben Jaffel, Sebastian Larsson, Routledge, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Ben Jaffel, Hager
    et al.
    National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), (FRA).
    Larsson, Sebastian
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Introduction: What’s the problem with Intelligence Studies? Outlining a new research agenda on contemporary intelligence2022In: Problematising Intelligence Studies: Towards a new research agenda / [ed] Hager Ben Jaffel, Sebastian Larsson, Routledge, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Ben Jaffel, Hager
    et al.
    National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), (FRA).
    Larsson, SebastianSwedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Problematising Intelligence Studies: Towards a new research agenda2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book offers a new research agenda for intelligence studies in contemporary times.

    In contrast to Intelligence Studies (IS), whose aim has largely been to improve the performance of national security services and assist in policy making, this book takes the investigation of the new professionals and everyday practices of intelligence as the immediate point of departure. Starting from the observation that intelligence today is increasingly about counter-terrorism, crime control, surveillance, and other security-related issues, this book adopts a transdisciplinary approach for studying the shifting logics of intelligence, how it has come to involve an expanding number of empirical sites, such as the police, local community, prison and the Internet, as well as a corresponding multiplicity of new actors in these domains. Shifting the focus away from traditional spies and Anglo-American intelligence services, this book addresses the transformations of contemporary intelligence through empirically detailed and theoretically innovative analyses, making a key contribution to existing scholarship.

    This book will be of much interest to students of intelligence studies, critical security studies, foreign policy, and International Relations.

  • 4.
    Ekholm, Anders
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Wizards of depth: Israel’s area of operations and lessons learned from its depth dimension2024In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to broaden the understanding of Operational Depth (OD) by rethinking how it can be perceived. The emphasis when doing so is dedicated to cognitive effects, thus another dimension of depth, compared to the mainstream physical- or temporal approaches to depth in military thought. The empirical focus draws on Israel and explicitly the case of the 2006 war between Israel and Hezbollah to provide an example where a lack of physical depth is skillfully handled, hence the title Wizards of Depth. The empiric inquiry is guided by an analytical framework, departing from a theoretical elaboration where OD is approached as a circular trinity: the ability to project, absorb, and manoeuver available coercive assets along offensive and defensive lines of operation. By using this definition in concert with the analytical framework, the article represents a mediation − a dialectic practice between the linear approaches to operations of the West and the more circular, often non-contiguous, and evolving perceptions found further east. When doing so, the article demonstrates how depth can be perceived in various ways, subsequently providing possible avenues to extend depth for actors beyond the Israeli example. A qualitative approach is employed, drawing on extensive fieldwork in Israel.

  • 5.
    Göransson, Markus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    A Strategy of Limited Actions: Russia’s Ground-based Forces in Syria2023In: Advanced Land Warfare: Tactics and Operations / [ed] Mikael Weissmann; Niklas Nilsson, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2023, p. 279-300Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter considers the role of Russia’s ground-based contingent in the Russian military operation in Syria. The chapter, which covers the period 2015-2021, identifies six key strategic functions of the contingent, which is small in size but diverse in its composition. The functions reach beyond base security and support to the aerial forces that have spearheaded Russia’s operation, and include also the ability to carry out high-value tasks, provide capacity building to allied forces, facilitate ally coordination, and support escalation management. Importantly, Russia’s ability to operate forces with different degrees of deniability/officiality has lent it greater flexibility in managing allies, adversaries, and third-party actors.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Göransson, Markus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Peace pacts and contentious politics: The Chico River Dam struggle in the Philippines, 1974–822022In: Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, ISSN 0022-4634, E-ISSN 1474-0680, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 641-663Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 1970s, communities of the Kalinga sub-ethnic group in the Cordillera Mountains in northern Philippines successfully halted the construction of a series of hydroelectric dams along their main waterway, the Chico River, which would have caused their displacement. Based on interviews and archival research, the article examines the role played by a Kalinga political institution known as the bodong or peace pact in the Kalingas’ mobilisation against the dam project, using an analytical framework drawn from Charles Tilly's and Sidney Tarrow's work on contentious politics.

  • 7.
    Göransson, Markus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Ro’i, Yaacov. The Bleeding Wound: The Soviet-Afghan War and the Collapse of the Soviet System. Cold War International History Project, Stanford University Press, 20222022In: Russian Review, ISSN 0036-0341, E-ISSN 1467-9434, Vol. 81, no 4, p. 785-786Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Göransson, Markus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Russian scholarly discussions of nonmilitary warfare as securitizing acts2022In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, E-ISSN 1521-0448, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 526-542Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines Russian scholarly discussion of nonmilitary warfare with reference to securitization theory. Focusing on three main concepts of nonmilitary warfare that have featured in the Russian scholarly military and security debate in recent years – information war, color revolutions and hybrid war – it shows that Russian scholarly discussion of nonmilitary warfare, as it has evolved over time, has cast a widening range of phenomena as potential security threats, implying the need for an expanded state response to meet these threats. The broadened Russian understanding of security has some parallels in Western security discussions. However, a crucial distinction is that the Russian discussion has remained wedded to strong statist notion of security and a preponderant Western enemy image.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Larsson, Sebastian
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    The Techno-Legal Boundaries of Intelligence: NSA and FRA’s Collaborations in Transatlantic Mass Surveillance2022In: Problematising Intelligence Studies: Towards a new research agenda / [ed] Hager Ben Jaffel, Sebastian Larsson, Routledge, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Nilsson, Niklas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Commanding Contemporary and Future Land Operations: What Role for Mission Command?2023In: Advanced Land Warfare: Tactics and Operations / [ed] Mikael Weissmann; Niklas Nilsson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023, p. 43-62Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the concept of mission command in light of ongoing trends in the evolution of warfare and military operations. The chapter starts with a discussion of mission command respectively in terms of a culture or command philosophy, and as a set of methods and practices of command. It then discusses the role and future utility of mission command in light of developments in three broad areas of importance to the evolution of military command. These are, first, general trends in the current and future operational environment with implications for the command of land operations, with a focus on the US Army’s concept of multi-domain operations. The second area is the ever-increasing demands for information management, and the daunting challenge it poses for any military command system. The third is developments in information technology over the last decades and the more recent shift toward artificial intelligence and automation.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Commanding Contemporary and Future Land Operations
  • 11.
    Nilsson, Niklas
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Approaching Land Warfare in the 21st Century2023In: Advanced Land Warfare: Tactics and Operations / [ed] Mikael Weissmann and Niklas Nilsson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023, p. 1-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International politics have become ever more volatile over the last decade, increasing the risk of large-scale military violence. Yet the precise character of future war will depend on a range of factors that relate to adversaries, allies, technology, geographical scope and multiple domains of warfighting. Few would question that land forces will be important also in the foreseeable future. However, given that the battlefield is in a state of transformation, so is the mission, purpose and utilization of land forces. Indeed, the future conduct of land warfare is subjected to serious and important questions in the face of large and complex challenges and security threats.

    Advanced Land Warfare explores the evolving role of land forces, paying particular attention to the changes that have taken place in the art of commanding and executing combat, as well as the role of rapid technological innovation and information dissemination in shaping warfare. The book provides insights into key contemporary developments in land warfare and presents case studies on land tactics and operations in different national contexts, drawing on the best of theory, practice, and professional experience and featuring chapters written by leading international scholars and practitioners. Relating to the realities of the modern battlefield, the book addresses a number of critical questions about land tactics and operations, combining a conceptual basis with empirical examples of tactical thinking and practice and emphasising the importance of understanding the perspectives of various national armies, in order to provide a current understanding of the central issues of land warfare.

    This chapter is structured as follows. First, the development of land warfareis briefly outlined, before key current and future challenges in the operational environment are examined. In the following section, the future character ofwar and the transformation of the battlefield is addressed. Thereafter, the structure of the volume and its chapters are outlined.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Ch01_Approaching Land Warfare in the Twenty-first Century_Nilsson&Weissmann_2023
  • 12.
    Sandman, Tua
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Reconstructing the peacekeeper: The televised sense-making of Sweden’s shifting policy on the use of force after the military failure in Bosnia 19952023In: Journal of War & Culture Studies, ISSN 1752-6272, E-ISSN 1752-6280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article interrogates how the shift to a more robust mandate in Bosnia was made intelligible to the Swedish TV audience. The turn to peace-enforcement and NATO command in December 1995 represented a clear break with Swedish tradition and identity, and essentially signified a turning point in Sweden’s policy on the use of force. The analysis reveals how four characterizations of the Swedish UN soldiers served to make sense of recent events and ultimately paved way for future policy changes; throughout the six-month period under scrutiny, the depictions, very broadly, moved from weak soldiers and failed warriors, to honourable peacekeepers and unique combat soldiers. The Swedish peacekeeper figure is thus reconstructed, essentially accommodating an increased involvement in activities of peace-enforcement and war-like operations.

  • 13.
    Sandman, Tua
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    The Moral Component of Fighting: Bringing Society Back In2023In: Advanced Land Warfare: Tactics and operations / [ed] Weissmann, Mikael; Nilsson, Niklas, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023, p. 193-213Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter critically engages with the literature on combat motivation, morale, and cohesion; it contends that historical and contemporary scholarly debates on why soldiers fight have largely overlooked and diminished the role of society and socio-political discourses, whilst keeping an unnecessarily narrow focus on the here and now of combat. Inspired by critical war studies and the cultural study of war, the chapter encourages students, scholars, and practitioners to consider and problematize the home/front relationship and its practical implications for military operations. It accentuates that the will to fight is constantly in the making, inherently unstable, and always already socially and historically situated; fundamentally, the will to fight is contingent on (shifting) notions of legitimacy in society at large, whereas public discourse in turn is shaped by the experience of combat and its representations. Thus, interlinkages between society’s and soldiers’ construction of meaning are worth uncovering and theorizing further.

  • 14.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Urban Warfare: Challenges of Military Operations on Tomorrow's Battlefield2023In: Advanced Land Warfare: Tactics and Operations / [ed] Mikael Weissmann and Niklas Nilsson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023, p. 125-151Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter addresses the daunting challenge of urban warfare on tomorrow’s battlefield. In the first section, it provides a brief background of the urban warfare phenomenon. It approaches urban warfare by asking why the field has now emerged after a long period of relative neglect. Thereafter, the chapter outlines the different challenges to and expectations for urban operations on the battlefields of today and tomorrow. A number of key challenges are addressed: the impact of rapid urbanization, multi-domain operations, grey zone problems, the impact of technology on urban operations, and the urbanization of insurgency. Observing that urban areas will be an increasingly important arena for future land warfare, the chapter argues that urban operations and warfare should acquire a greater significance in our understanding of the operational environment. With large cities being the centre of gravity for political and economic interaction and although urban warfare is a nightmare that one reasonably hopes to avoid, it is not always possible to choose the battlefield and it is therefore better to prepare thoroughly for this eventuality. Finally, to help with the preparation, the chapter presents eleven lessons about urban warfare.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Urban Warfare_Challenges of Military Operations on Tomorrow’s Battlefield_Weissmann_2023
  • 15.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Björkqvist, Jonas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Wiklund, Patrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    En handbok om fältövningar: Att planera och leda en fältövning2023Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Praktiska pedagogiska redskap är en central del i utbildningen av officerare. Detta är ett område där det finns en lång tradition, både på Försvarshögskolan och inom Försvarsmakten mer generellt. Detta är också ett område där Försvarshögskolan alltid har varit framträdande, där metoder som applikatoriska exempel (applex), krigsspel, fältövningar, stabstjänstövningar och taktiska problem under lång tid har använts. Denna handbok riktar in sig på ett av dessa pedagogiska redskap: fältövningar. 

    Handboken är disponerad som följer: först ges en historisk bakgrund till fältövningar och vi diskuterar vad en fältövning är och vilka typer som finns. Därefter flyttar fokus till tankar kring att planera och genomföra en fältövning. Här diskuterar vi planeringsfasen, lärdomar kring nyttan av att rekognosera inför genomförande och tankar kring fältövningens pedagogiska genomförande. Handboken avslutas med en diskussion kring hur man bör tänka när man planerar och genomför en fältövning, både praktiskt och pedagogiskt. Här presenteras även en schematisk modell kring fältövningens pedagogiska dynamik för olika målgrupper baserat på deras förförståelse och olika fältövningars komplexitet.

  • 16.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Björkqvist, Jonas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Wiklund, Patrik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Military History Division.
    Staff Rides as a Pedagogical Tool in Professional Military Education (PME): Planning and Conducting Historical Staff Rides2022In: Journal on Baltic Security, ISSN 2382-9222, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 61-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of various practical pedagogical tools is an important part of officer training. This is also an area where there is a long tradition in the training of officer cadets and officers in staff colleges as well as in the Armed Forces more generally. This article focuses on staff rides aimed at teaching tactics and operational arts based on historical examples. This type of staff-rides aims to learn from history with a bearing on the present and the future.

    The article is organized as follows: first, the article gives a short overview of the history of staff rides, followed by a discussion on different types of staff rides. Then the focus shifts to ways to planning and carrying out a staff-ride. This includes the planning phase, reconnaissance, and the different pedagogical tools that can be used and their implementation. The article concludes with a discussion of how to think when planning and carrying out a staff rides, both practically and pedagogically. The article here presented a schematic model of the pedagogical dynamics of the staff ride for different target groups based on their pre-understanding and the complexity of different field exercises.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Staff Rides as a Pedagogical Tool in Professional Military Education (PME)
  • 17.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Nilsson, NiklasSwedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Advanced Land Warfare: Tactics and Operations2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International politics have become ever more volatile over the last decade, increasing the risk of large-scale military violence. Yet the precise character of future war will depend on a range of factors that relate to adversaries, allies, technology, geographical scope and multiple domains of warfighting. Few would question that land forces will be important also in the foreseeable future. However, given that the battlefield is in a state of transformation, so is the mission, purpose and utilization of land forces. Indeed, the future conduct of land warfare is subjected to serious and important questions in the face of large and complex challenges and security threats.

    Advanced Land Warfare explores the evolving role of land forces, paying particular attention to the changes that have taken place in the art of commanding and executing combat, as well as the role of rapid technological innovation and information dissemination in shaping warfare. The book provides insights into key contemporary developments in land warfare and presents case studies on land tactics and operations in different national contexts, drawing on the best of theory, practice, and professional experience and featuring chapters written by leading international scholars and practitioners. Relating to the realities of the modern battlefield, the book addresses a number of critical questions about land tactics and operations, combining a conceptual basis with empirical examples of tactical thinking and practice and emphasising the importance of understanding the perspectives of various national armies, in order to provide a current understanding of the central issues of land warfare.

    An open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Advanced_Land_Warfare_Weissmann+Nilsson_2023
  • 18.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Nilsson, Niklas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Towards a versatile edge: Developing land forces for future conflict2023In: Advanced Land Warfare: Tactics and Operations / [ed] Mikael Weissmann and Niklas Nilsson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023, p. 393-412Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter outlines the findings of the volume. The authors outline a framework for a versatile approach to land warfare. First, they establish a structure of the myriad elements and factors influencing land forces, presenting a continuum of land operations modelling the use of conventional capacity and kinetic effects at different levels of conflict intensity and the role of land forces visualizing the heterogeneity of possible conflict environments where land forces may be deployed. 

     

    Thereafter, the chapter presents two schematic models; the first locates land forces in the broader operating environment by outlining how the strategic environment, conflict intensity, interoperability, and multi-domain operations are constitutive enablers and/or constraints to activities in the land domain. The second outlines how the capabilities of forces in the land domain need to be understood as a function of the interaction between own capabilities, the adversary, the human- and physical terrain, and the information environment. The multidimensional demands placed on land forces in contemporary and future operational environments necessitate a conscious multi-pronged approach to the development of land warfare capabilities, aimed at gaining a versatile edge on tomorrow’s battlefields. In turn, this concerns both the build-up and construction of capabilities, and the means by which they are deployed and utilized in future conflict. The chapter argues that the achievement of versatility should be a crucial aim of contemporary land forces. As outlined in the integrated versatility model, versatility builds on two interrelated and mutually reinforcing qualities in a military organization, adaptability and flexibility. Together, they compose the underlying preconditions for truly versatile land forces.

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    Ch19_Towards a Versatile Edge_Developing Land Forces for Future Conflict_Weissmann&Nilsson_2023
  • 19.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Nilsson, Niklas
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Land Operations Division.
    Palmertz, Björn
    Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap/The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, (SWE).
    Att möta hybridhot och hybridkrigföring2021In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 4, p. 185-187Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Security challenges arising from hybrid threats and hybrid warfare, HT&HW, are today high on security agenda not only in Sweden but across the globe. Despite the attention and the growing body of studies on the subject, there is a lack of research bringing attention to how these challenges can be addressed. This article contributes to such an approach by sharing the findings of a project that brings together practitioners and scholarly perspectives on this subject spanning the threats themselves as well as the tools and means to counter them. The article outlines the Western response to hybrid threats and hybrid warfare. It is argued that there is no single response to HT&HW, nor to building resilience. HT&HW need to be addressed through a comprehensive, all-inclusive approach. Finally, the article outlines how we address these challenges in practice.

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    Att möta hybridhot och hybridkrigföring_KKrVAHT_HT 4-2021_Weissmann_Nilsson_Palmertz
1 - 19 of 19
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