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  • 1.
    Bogren, Ola
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Krigsvetenskap 2022: Årsbok inom ramen för militära programutbildningen2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    "Att lära sig saker handlar om att plötsligt förstå något man alltid förstått, men på ett nytt sätt"

    Jag väljer att börja denna inledning med ett citat från Doris May Lessing. Det är nämligen om just detta det handlar, det vill säga att förstå vår nutid ur flera perspektiv. Lessing var en autodidaktiker som sedermera tillskrevs nobelpris i litteratur. Hennes samtid gav den lärdom som påverkade såväl hennes liv, kunnande som skicklighet. På motsvarande sätt utgör allt skrivande vid Försvarshögskolan en mening. En mening som vänder och vrider på olika sammanhang. Vår samtid, med dess olika fenomen, blir därför belysta ur flera perspektiv. Denna årsbok sammanställer uppsatser för att ge dig som läsare en uppfattning om vad det skrivs om vid skolan.

    En stor del av alla uppsatser som skrivs möter aldrig någon egentlig publik, uta när snarare något som ”bara” ska göras under sin utbildning. Texterna möter en mycket begränsad publik, främst inom Försvarshögskolan, där texter presenteras av författaren och det ges en opponering av andra. Vid dessa tillfällen finns ävenen öppen inbjudan till kollektivet, det vill säga att det står var och en fritt att delta och ta del av såväl diskussioner, som att själv läsa och ta sig an presenterade texter. Dessa texter med alla tankar och idéer som skrivs behöver möta en större publik. Det finns ett värde för professionen att det kan ske. Med professionen i centrum, så kan vi tillsammans genomföra en vetenskaplig professionsutbildning vid Försvarshögskolan som möter morgondagens krav. Vår förhoppning är att denna årsbokska bli en årligt återkommande publikation. Denna första upplaga av årsboken har långt ifrån alla uppsatser medtagna. Det har funnits vissa initiala juridiska dilemman, som nu är åtgärdade och förhoppningen är att kommande upplagor blir mer omfattande till antalet uppsatser. Att skriva texter som andra kan ta del av har en betydelse och påverkan. Att skriva i sanden innebär att klokheten och det man vill förmedla försvinner med nästa vattenvåg.

    Syftet med årsboken är att skapa uppmärksamhet för det som främst studerande producerat vid skolan. Det finns all anledning att ägna viss tid åt denna vishet som texterna uttrycker. En anledning är att texterna utgör och speglar vilka tankar och funderingar som finns hos våra kollegor. En annan anledning är att texterna faktiskt uttrycker vad våra kollegor anser vara viktiga sakområden och just därför harde valt att skriva om, och argumentera för, dessa områden. I ett vidare perspektiv har officersprofessionen, likt andra professioner, behovet av att hantera dagens verksamhet parallellt med morgondagens utveckling. Officersprofessionen särskiljer sig dock därför att det ytterst handlar om mandat för, och genomförande av, storskaligt våld. Sammanhanget för individen relaterat professionen är därför vital. Individens kognitiva utveckling, det vill säga lärande, i en utveckligmässig mening, tar sig uttryck i sitt sätt att tänka utifrån hur individen tar in och förstår sin omgivning. Av denna anledning vill vi med årsboken sprida tankar inom professionen för att bidra till debatt och utveckling.

    Årsboken har en målsättning att vi ska kunna minnas och se till vilka områden som varit aktuella för just detta år. Av denna anledning finns en metaanalys med i boken som tar sitt avstamp såväl utifrån uppsats rubriker, som av författarnas valda nyckelord. Nu är det är inte bara uppsatser som skrivs vid Försvarshögskolan. Det skrivs även exempelvis tentamensarbeten inom enskilda kurser. Avsikten är att ettantal (urval) av dessa texter ska finnas medtagna i sin helhet. I denna version, 2022, finns några texter från kurser som gavs förra året.

    Strukturen i boken är att uppsatser är medtagna till rubrik, författare, textens sammanfattning samt slutligen en sökväg som leder till uppsatsen i sin helhet på DiVA. DiVA står för det Digitala vetenskapliga arkivet och utgör en gemensam söktjänst för forskningspublikationer och studentuppsatser producerade vid cirka 50 stycken lärosäten och forskningsinstitutioner. Tanken är att man ska få en översikt i årsboken av uppsatser för att sedan kunna välja ut och läsa en eller flera texter i sin helhet. Varför inte välja ut någon uppsats som ligger din verksamhet nära, bjud in författaren till din avdelning, och genomför en gemensam diskussion i samband med en samling ni ändå har. Kompetensutveckling innebär i slutändan att lära sig själv och andra, att faktiskt ta ansvar för professionens livslånga lärande.

    Årsboken kommer primärt att vara en digital publikation, men kommer även i mindre upplaga finnas i en pappersutgåva. Den digitala versionen ger direkt tillgångtill länkar och sökvägar. Årsboken kommer att finnas tillgänglig i båda versionerna vid Anna-Lindh biblioteket.

    Slutligen vill jag tacka mina medarbetare Kristin Ljungkvist, Knut-Olav Drivenes och Ola Larsson som med sitt engagemang, driv och kunskap gjort denna årsbok möjlig. Med förhoppning om en givande läsning.

    Ola Bogren Redaktör

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  • 2.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Producing the military urban(s): Interoperability, space-making, and epistemic distinctions between military services in urban operations2022In: Political Geography, ISSN 0962-6298, E-ISSN 1873-5096, Vol. 97, article id 102649Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban wars represent one – perhaps the – phenomenon in which war and cities take particular form in and through each other. With the epistemics of this reciprocal relationship being less studied, this article brings together the discourses on urban war and military interoperability respectively. Both discourses emphasise the question of knowledge. A shared geographic knowledge held by the service branches involved in a joint operation is considered key for interoperability to arise. In the urban wars discourse, the need and difficulty of ‘knowing’ the urban are stressed. However, we know less about whether military services involved in a joint urban operation produce distinct geographic knowledges and, if so, with what effects. With inspiration from critical scholarship on military geographies and from works on the history and geography of knowledge, this article develops a conceptual framework to target the mutually constitutive relationship between military epistemics and urban space in urban war. In it, I make a twofold argument, illustrated with the help of empirical examples from two Israeli joint urban military operations. First, the type of geographic knowledge that military ground and air forces produce as they seek to ‘make known’ particular urban spaces differs due to the services' distinct situatedness and relative distance to the urban environment. The produced types of military geographic knowledge, moreover, do not imply different perspectives on the urban as a pre-existing entity as much as they bring – in distinct fashions – the urban into being.

  • 3.
    Danielsson, Anna
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Ljungkvist, Kristin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    A choking(?) engine of war: Human agency in military targeting reconsidered2022In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 83-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the question of human agency in military targeting. Targeting is one of the key drivers of war. When studied by academic disciplines, much interest has been devoted to the ethics and effects of military targeting. Less debated, but focused here, is the question of the conditions of human agency within military targeting. In the literature that does exist on this topic, there is a questioning of the traditional conception of human agency but at the same time a lack of closer conceptualisation of different kinds of articulations of human agency in the targeting process. In this article, we propose a recentring of human agency in critical scholarship on military targeting. With inspiration from Theodore Schatzki's work on ‘practice’, by analytically approaching targeting as a practice, and through various examples from Operation Iraqi Freedom, the article develops and illustrates a framework for the conceptualisation of human agencies in targeting. This framework distinguishes articulations of agency based on whether they furthered the (temporary) ordering of the targeting practice or challenged its internal organising elements. The study of military targeting is significant not least since the phenomenon is one of the key ‘engines’ and drivers of war's constant becoming.

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  • 4.
    Duursma, Allard
    et al.
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Bara, Corinne
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Wilén, Nina
    University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium;Egmont Royal Institute for International Relations, Brussels, (BEL).
    Hellmüller, Sara
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Karlsrud, John
    Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, (NOR).
    Oksamytna, Kseniya
    City, University of London, London, (GBR).
    Bruker, Janek
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Campbell, Susanna
    American University, Washington, D.C., (USA).
    Cusimano, Salvator
    United Nations, New York City, (USA).
    Donati, Marco
    United Nations, New York City, (USA).
    Dorussen, Han
    University of Essex, Colchester, (GBR).
    Druet, Dirk
    McGill University, Montreal, (CAN).
    Geier, Valentin
    McGill University, Montreal, (CAN).
    Epiney, Marine
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Geier, Valentin
    Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals, Barcelona, Spain;University of Konstanz, Konstanz, (DEU).
    Gelot, Linnéa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Gyllensporre, Dennis
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Political Science and Law.
    Hiensch, Annick
    United Nations, New York City, (USA).
    Hultman, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, (SWE).
    Hunt, Charles T.
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia;United Nations University Centre for Policy Research, Tokyo, (JPN).
    Krishnan, Rajkumar Cheney
    United Nations, New York City, (USA).
    Labuda, Patryk I.
    University of Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Langenbach, Sascha
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Norberg, Annika Hilding
    Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Geneva, (CHE).
    Novosseloff, Alexandra
    Université Paris-Panthéon-Assas (Paris 2), Paris, (FRA).
    Oriesek, Daniel
    Swiss Armed Forces, (CHE).
    Rhoads, Emily Paddon
    Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, (USA).
    Re, Francesco
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    Russo, Jenna
    International Peace Institute, New York City, (USA).
    Sauter, Melanie
    University of Oslo, Oslo, (NOR).
    Smidt, Hannah
    University of St. Gallen, St. Gallen, (CHE).
    Staeger, Ueli
    University of Geneva, Geneva, (CHE).
    Wenger, Andreas
    ETH Zurich, Zurich, (CHE).
    UN Peacekeeping at 75: Achievements, Challenges, and Prospects2023In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 415-476Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This year marks the 75th anniversary of what the UN itself understands to be its first peacekeeping operation. It is therefore an appropriate time to reflect on the track record of UN peacekeeping in its efforts to try to maintain and realize peace and security. Moreover, this milestone invites us to ponder what lies ahead in the realm of peacekeeping. For this reason, this forum article brings together both academics and UN officials to assess the achievements and challenges of UN peacekeeping over the past 75 years. Through a dialogue among peacekeeping scholars and practitioners, we hope to identify current trends and developments in UN peacekeeping, as well as explore priorities for the future to improve the effectiveness of peacekeeping operations in terms of achieving their mandate objectives, such as maintaining peace, protecting civilians, promoting human rights, and facilitating reconciliation. This forum article is structured into six thematic sections, each shedding light on various aspects of UN peacekeeping: (1) foundational principles of UN peacekeeping - namely, consent, impartiality, and the (non-)use of force; (2) protection of civilians; (3) the primacy of politics; (4) early warning; (5) cooperation with regional organizations; and (6) the changing geopolitical landscape in which UN peacekeeping operates.

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  • 5.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    A Fertile Soil for AI?: Defense AI in Sweden2023Report (Refereed)
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  • 6.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    The Collapse of Yugoslavia 1991-19992022 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1991, an ethnically diverse and peaceful region of Europe descended into violence, lawlessness, bitter hatred and chaos, almost overnight to the bewilderment of international observers. Communities fractured along lines of ethnic and religious affiliation, and the ensuing fighting was deeply personal, resulting in horrific brutality, rape, torture and genocide, causing the deaths of thousands of people. Drawing on the latest research for this new edition, Alastair Finlan examines the internal upheavals of the former Yugoslavia and their international implications, including the failure of the Vance-Owen plan; the first use of NATO in a combat role and in peace enforcement; and the war in Kosovo, unsanctioned by the UN but prosecuted by NATO forces to prevent the ethnic cleansing of the region.

    Updated and revised, with specially commissioned colour maps and all new images throughout, this is a concise overview of the tragic conflict in former Yugoslavia and its significant consequences.

  • 7.
    Finlan, Alastair
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    The Strategic Culture of the United Kingdom2023In: Routledge Handbook of Strategic Culture / [ed] Kerry M. Kartchner; Briana D. Bowen; Jeannie L. Johnson, New York: Routledge, 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This handbook offers a collection of cutting-edge essays on all aspects of strategic culture by a mix of international scholars, consultants, military officers, and policymakers.

    The volume explicitly addresses the analytical conundrums faced by scholars who wish to employ or generate strategic cultural insights, with substantive commentary on defining and scoping strategic culture, analytic frameworks and approaches, levels of analysis, sources of strategic culture, and modalities of change in strategic culture. The chapters engage strategic culture at the civilizational, regional, supra-national, national, non-state actor, and organizational levels. The volume is divided into five thematic parts, which will appeal to both students who are new to the subject and scholars who wish to incorporate strategic culture into their toolbox of analytical techniques. Part I assesses the evolving theoretical strengths and weaknesses of the field. Part II lays out elements of the theoretical and methodological foundations of the field, including sources and components of strategic culture. Part III presents a number of national strategic cultural profiles, representing the state of contemporary strategic culture scholarship. Part IV addresses the utility of strategic culture for practitioners and scholars. Part V summarizes the key theoretical and practical insights offered by the volume’s contributors.

    This handbook will be of much interest to students of strategic studies, defense studies, security studies, and international relations in general, as well as to professional practitioners.

  • 8.
    Gelot, Linnéa
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Khadka, Prabin B.
    Department of Government, University of Essex, Colchester, UK, (GBR).
    Traditional authorities as both curse and cure: the politics of coping with violent extremism in Somalia2024In: Conflict, Security and Development, ISSN 1467-8802, E-ISSN 1478-1174, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores community perceptions about traditional authorities’ roles during the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants. We have selected the case of Somalia, where both government institutions and traditional authorities have partnered with international actors and institutions, as well as non-governmental organisations (NGOs), to prevent and counter violent extremism (P/CVE). International actors have related to traditional authorities based on the assumption that these actors wield a kind of social power that facilitates the reintegration of former members of the violent extremist organisation al-Shabaab. Based on mixed methodology research we explain social reintegration in Somalia from the community perspective, and find that P/CVE programmes are expressive of co-optation of traditional authorities. We make the case that ‘risk coping’ helps explain why a majority of civilians prefer the government-led formal reintegration pathway of ex-combatants to the traditional authorities pathway. We conclude by discussing the implications that this has for NGOs/INGOs active in this P/CVE sector.

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  • 9.
    Gelot, Linnéa
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Söderbaum, Fredrik
    School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Legitimation struggles in international organizations: the case of the African Union2023In: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do international organizations (IOs) and their proponents claim legitimacy, and how do their opponents undermine such legitimacy? This article develops a framework that accounts for the links between legitimation and delegitimation strategies and how they regularly produce ‘legitimation struggles’. Drawing on the case of the African Union between 2015–2020, the study goes beyond existing research in three ways. First, legitimation struggles are not simply related to input and output legitimacy but are deeply related to the social purpose of the organization. Second, legitimation struggles do not only involve IO representatives and member-states but are strengthened by a range of other non-state agents. Third, while discursive strategies are essential, legitimation struggles are reinforced when they are combined with behavioural or institutional legitimation strategies. Future research would do well to go beyond the current Western-centric bias and draw on our findings to investigate legitimation struggles under different conditions around the world.

  • 10.
    Gordon, David J.
    et al.
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, (USA).
    Ljungkvist, Kristin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Theorizing the globally engaged city in world politics2022In: European Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1354-0661, E-ISSN 1460-3713, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 58-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities both large and small, more and less economically advanced, are deeply involved in efforts to address the most challenging and complex issues of contemporary global governance, ranging from climate change and conditions of insecurity to human migration and public health. Yet this puzzling phenomenon is largely ignored within International Relations (IR) scholarship, and only partially theorized by scholars working in other fields of inquiry. Our premise in this article is that attempts to understand and assess city participation in world politics are augmented by focusing on the global identity of the city, since understanding what cities do in world politics is shaped by who cities (think they) are on the global stage. In proposing a subtle shift, from the passively labeled global city to what we call the globally engaged city, we direct analysis to the political and discursive forces shaping, delimiting, and informing this novel role for the city as a world-political actor. We propose that city identity is now fractured into local and global dimensions and set out two analytically distinct contexts in which the global identity of the city is forged through a process of differentiation from the nation-state. Our framework highlights in particular the politics of recognition shaping how the globally engaged city is defined and diffused. Through two empirical vignettes we illustrate the value of our framework as a means for IR scholarship to bring cities in from the analytic hinterlands and better understand their (potential) impact on the world stage.

  • 11.
    Henåker, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Decision-making style and victory in battle: Is there a relation?2022In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, E-ISSN 1521-0448, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 415-436Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Can decision-making styles impact victory and defeat in armed conflicts? To answer the question of whether decision-making styles are linked to the victories and defeats of individual tacticians, this study utilizes five general decision-making styles: Rational, Intuitive, Dependent, Avoidant and Spontaneous. The aim of this study is to examine whether one or several of the general decision-making styles (GDMS) have an impact on tactical outcomes in wargames. A total of 104 officers and academics participated in the study. The study’s foremost conclusion is that the Dependent style is significantly connected to defeat in the wargame’s dueling set up.

  • 12.
    Henåker, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Exploring military victory in battle: a qualitative study on contemporary tactics2020In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 163-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines simulated battle settings, to analyze how tactics are performed and victory is achieved by observing tacticians dueling in wargames. In contemporary warfare, victory in battle relates to a wide variety of elements. According to military theory, these elements commonly involve deployment, reconnaissance, manoeuvre, breakthrough, tempo, surprise, exploitation, and shock, resulting in enemy organizational breakdown. Ideally, if one side in combat exploits all elements successfully, the likelihood of victory increases. Although the use of the tactical elements is not always obvious to the participants, the study indicates a correlation between using the elements and victory in a wargame setting. Although wargames inherent bias by not being the real world, they are used in training, education and analysis worldwide. The study also illustrates that the participants view tactical victory differently in battle.

  • 13.
    Henåker, Lars
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division. Finnish National Defence University.
    How to win in combat – an ideal model applied in a scenario2016In: Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Obrony Narodowej, ISSN 0867-2245, Vol. 103, no 2, p. 5-23Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Are our tactics effective compared to our opponent or not? Since tactics are about how to use time, units and resources in the best possible way to win or gain advantages in battle, it becomes important to be able to evaluate and measure the outcome. The purpose of this paper is to give an example of how a designed scenario in a specific military tactical situation can work as a frame for an ideal model of win or lose in combat. From the theories about how and why we are winning and losing in battles, an ideal model of the most important criteria has been compiled. The ideal model is not a “law” or the ultimate truth but more of an empirical path of knowledge and to be used as a hypothesis. A specific military combat scenario is used in visualising and to measure the quality of the tactician’s plan and action. The tactical scenario is operationalised in the narrative based on conventional warfare in future high-intensity and high-tech level conflicts. It is thus essential for the tactician to be proficient in knowing his/her units, resources and capabilities, regarding how their mobility and firepower can be optimised at different times and in different sequences. Tactical criteria can be tested in various scenarios but need to be measured more thoroughly by using wargames.

  • 14.
    Ljungkvist, Kristin
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Den ömsesidiga relationen mellan städer och krig, krig och städer2023In: Kosmopolis, ISSN 1236-1372, Vol. 53, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har eskalerande urbanisering och väpnade konflikter i städer kommit att uppfattas som en allt viktigare global säkerhetsfråga, både bland forskare och praktiker. Samtidigt är det empiriskt välbelagt att städer alltid har formats av krig och krigföring, och krig och krigföring alltid har formats av städer. Trots detta är samtida krigsvetenskapliga och västerländska militärstrategiska diskussioner om krig, fred och säkerhet i relation till städer och det urbana ofta onyanserade och baserade på ett binärt tänkande. Syftet med den här artikeln är att genom en bred forskningsöversikt belysa och exemplifiera den ömsesidiga relationen mellan krig och städer, och därmed bidra till en fördjupad och mer nyanserad samtida diskussion om krig i och mot städer, samt till en fördjupad förståelse för stadens dubbla konstruktion och funktion som en miljö som både är konstituerad av och konstituerande för militärt våld. Dylik fördjupad förståelse är angelägen även i relation till samtida fredsforskning rörande post-konfliktstäder och urbant fredsbyggande.

  • 15.
    Lundqvist, Stefan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    A Convincing Finnish Move: Implications for State Identity of Persuading Sweden to Jointly Bid for NATO Membership2022In: Studia Europejskie, ISSN 1428-149X, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 73-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the consequences for Sweden’s state identity by the decision of Finland and Sweden to apply for membership in NATO. Taking its starting point in Sweden’s shattering loss of its easternmost provinces in the 1809 Treaty of Fredrikshamn, it explores Sweden’s initial formulations of a policy of neutrality and its evolution until the end of the Cold War. The article then directs attention to how Social Democratic leaders managed to institutionalise a Swedish “active foreign policy”, exerting a lasting, formative influence on Sweden’s state identity. It also addresses the rapprochement of Finland and Sweden after the end of the Cold War and the consequences of the bilateral dynamics that characterised their EU-membership applications. The article critically discusses how Sweden reformulated its concept of neutrality into a nebulous concept of nonalignment and adopted a security policy rooted in a cooperative security approach. Based on key findings drawn from this historical account, this article addresses the processes that lead to Finland and Sweden unexpectedly deciding on jointly applying for NATO membership. It concludes with a forward-looking assessment of how a Swedish NATO membership will ultimately stabilise Sweden’s adaptable state identity and its implications for the Nordic countries’ regional military strategy.

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  • 16.
    Lundqvist, Stefan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Maktspelet om Arktis ökar spänningarna i Nordkalotten2023Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rysslands anfallskrig mot Ukraina och de smältande isarna i norra ishavet ökar spänningarna i Arktis. Med ett försvagat Ryssland flyttar Kina fram sina maktpositioner och de nordiska länderna har all anledning att stärka skyddet i de norra delarna av den skandinaviska halvön.

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  • 17.
    Lundqvist, Stefan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Réapprendre les leçons de la Guerre froide: le « retour dans le futur » de la Suède dans sa politique de sécurité et de défense2023In: NAQD, ISSN 1111-4371, Vol. N° 41-42, no 1, p. 206-229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Cet article examine comment la Suède est en train de réapprendre trois leçons de la Guerre froide à la lumière des transformations en cours dans ses conditions de sécurité régionales. Il compare et met en contraste les dynamiques et les politiques de sécurité de trois ères distinctes : la Guerre froide, la période d’après-Guerre froide, et la période d’après 2014. Il identifie dans l’évolution de l’environnement sécuritaire de la Suède les changements qui expliquent le calendrier et l’enchainement de ces adaptations. Cet article examine également les fondements de la politique de neutralité ambiguë de la Suède pendant la Guerre et pourquoi elle différait des politiques de la Finlande, du Danemark et de la Norvège. Il conclut que la Suède réapprend trois leçons de la Guerre froide : a) les conflits armés sur son territoire vont dégénérer en une guerre sur toute la péninsule scandinave et la Finlande ; b) elle a besoin d’évaluations réalistes pour planifier sa défense ; et c) le concept de « défense totale » est la clé pour maintenir le niveau de résilience sociale nécessaire afin de décourager des tentatives russes visant à attaquer, contrôler ou exploiter son territoire. Alors que la période d’après-Guerre froide est souvent considérée comme un vide et une anomalie dans l’histoire de la politique de sécurité de la Suède, cet article établit que le processus qui a fait abandonner à la Suède sa politique de neutralité dans les années 1990 sert en fait de pont stratégique pour l’implémentation actuelle d’un élément de transparence dans sa politique de sécurité. Si la sécurité sur le flanc nord de l’OTAN devait se détériorer, la Suède se rapprocherait sans doute davantage de l’OTAN.

  • 18.
    Nilsson, Diana
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Foreign Languages Section.
    Lundqvist, Stefan
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Identifying weaknesses of CLIL in the military higher education classroom2022In: The Journal of Teaching English for Specific and Academic Purposes, ISSN 2334-9182, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 217-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the ever-increasing expansion of English language integration into content courses within higher educational institutions (HEIs), this study seeks to gain insights into how domestic students, as well as content and language lecturers perceive integrating English for Specific Academic Purposes (ESAP) in an academic/vocational military university using Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). We investigate firstly on how mostly domestic, non-native English speaking students perceive learning academic military content in an English Educational Environment (EEE), and secondly, how content and ESAP lecturers perceive collaborating within CLIL at the Swedish Defense University. Using a mixed-methods approach with data gathered from students and lecturers, the results are useful for HEIs looking to increase their English integration. Our results indicate that NNES students indeed learn content and language knowledge simultaneously using CLIL because communicative ESAP tasks enable them to process, and increase content knowledge. However, as this article will show, students prefer drastically different CLIL methods for reasons that we argue can be traced to varying L2 proficiencies. Meanwhile, lecturers had different expectations of, and perceived, interdisciplinary collaboration differently. This study concludes by suggesting that CLIL step 3 is inherently flawed due to a mismatch of implicit methods and explicit expectations of language proficiency, which consequently complicate lecturer roles and interdisciplinary collaboration.

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  • 19.
    Nisser, John
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Aligning tactics with strategy: Vertical implementation of military doctrine2023In: Journal of Strategic Studies, ISSN 0140-2390, E-ISSN 1743-937X, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do armed forces sometimes write doctrines that are inconsistent across the strategic, operational, and tactical levels of war? Using interviews to uncover how the Swedish Armed Forces implemented their 2016 military strategic doctrine, this study develops a theoretical concept of vertical implementation and explores why and under what conditions it varies. The findings suggest a tendency of lower levels to ignore superordinate doctrine; however, formal processes, actor attitudes, and doctrinal content seem to affect vertical implementation.

  • 20.
    Nisser, John
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Conceptualizing doctrinal rejection: a comparison between Active Defense and Airland Battle2023In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 274-291Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Doctrines are considered a key component of military power, shaping the ways in which armed forces organize and operate. This study critically examines the assumption that armed forces can change their practices by writing formal doctrine. The study addresses the research problem of why some formal doctrines are implemented and others are rejected. It does so by developing and testing a novel theoretical framework on doctrinal implementation through a comparative case study on rejection of the US Army 1976 Active Defense doctrine and successful implementation of the 1982 AirLand Battle doctrine. The study shows that contrary to popular beliefs, the actual concepts within a formal doctrine do not seem crucial for whether it is implemented or rejected. Rather, cultural coherence and inclusive creation seem crucial in this regard.

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  • 21.
    Nisser, John
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Integration is the New Black: Thoughts on Future Warfare in Academic and Military Discourses2022In: Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies, E-ISSN 2596-3856, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 398-411Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Western military policy-formation and doctrine seems to be gravitating towards the idea of integration, reflected in concepts such as integrated campaigning, Integrated Operating Concept, and Multi-Domain Integration – among others. Despite the increasing use of the term within military doctrines and concept papers, there is little scholarly writing on what “integration” actually means. This study contributes to the small but growing body of research on joint operations with a novel analysis on how the term “integration,” and its sister term “interoperability,” are used within academic and military discourses. The results show that the terms are given different meanings both across and within discourses. It can be deduced that “integration” is generally understood as the merging of domains and services towards joint goals while “interoperability” is often presented as the ability to combine systems, forces, and planning across services. These findings are used to create a conceptual model which distinguishes between operability, interoperability, and integration as preconditions for the conduct of joint operations. The model is in turn useful for both scholars and practitioners when discussing or assessing capabilities to perform joint operations.

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  • 22.
    Sjöblom, Björn
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Debriefing tactics: A study of interaction in game-based military education2022Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a planned study aimed at developing knowledge of interaction in game-based learning. Specifically, it is a study of debriefing in military education, where wargames are used to develop knowledge and skills in military tactics.

  • 23.
    Sjöblom, Björn
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Talking about tactics: Debriefing in wargaming for military education2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Sjöblom, Björn
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Linderoth, JonasSwedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History. University of Gothenburg, (SWE).Frank, AndersSwedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History.
    Representing conflicts in games: Antagonism, rivalry, and competition2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book offers an overview of how conflicts are represented and enacted in games, in a variety of genres and game systems. Games are a cultural form apt at representing real world conflicts, and this edited volume highlights the intrinsic connection between games and conflict through a set of theoretical and empirical studies. It interrogates the nature and use of conflicts as a fundamental aspect of game design, and how a wide variety of conflicts can be represented in digital and analogue games.

    The book asks what we can learn from conflicts in games, how our understanding of conflicts change when we turn them into playful objects, and what types of conflicts are still not represented in games. It queries the way games make us think about armed conflict, and how games can help us understand such conflicts in new ways.

    Offering a deeper understanding of how games can serve political, pedagogical, or persuasive purposes, this volume will interest scholars and students working in fields such as game studies, media studies, and war studies.

  • 25.
    Skoglund, Per
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Joint Warfare Division, Operational Functions Section. Swedish Defence University.
    Walldén, Göran
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Logistikens betydelse i Östersjöregionen: Dåtid, nutid och framtid2021In: Mellan Neva och Nordsjön: förutsättningar för att genomföra väpnad strid i Östersjöområdet / [ed] Per Eliasson & Lars Ericson Wolke, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2021, p. 76-101Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Ångström, Jan
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Strategy Division.
    Ljungkvist, Kristin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Joint Warfare Division.
    Unpacking the varying strategic logics of total defence2023In: Journal of Strategic Studies, ISSN 0140-2390, E-ISSN 1743-937XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What is the strategic logic of so-called ‘total defence’? At first glance, total defence may appear as one coherent strategic concept. Indeed, it was predominantly small, non-aligned states that pursued total defence during the Cold War. In this article, however, we demonstrate that depending on how ‘total war’ is understood, there are subsequently different strategic logics ingrained in total defence. We show this by developing a typology of different total defences; and by empirically illustrating variation in strategic logics over time through a historical analysis of the total defence(s) in Sweden. Recognising the inherent variation of total defence is important since it helps us to understand that hidden behind a nominal pursuit of a total defence strategy are multifaceted strategies.

1 - 26 of 26
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