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  • 1.
    Eid, Jarle
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Johnsen, Bjorn Helge
    Laberg, Jon Christian
    Bartone, Paul T.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Psychometric properties of the Norwegian Impact of Event Scale-Revised in a non-clinical sample2009In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 63, no 5, p. 426-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite the widespread use of the Impact of Event Scale to measure post-traumatic stress symptoms, psychometric evaluations of the scale have revealed mixed findings. Aim: The aim of the present study is to provide new empirical evidence and examine the factor structure, reliability, and predictive validity of the Norwegian version of the IES-R. Methods: Posttraumatic stress symptoms were recorded in a student sample (n=312) 3 weeks after the Southeast Asian tsunami disaster in December 2004. Confirmatory factor analyses of the IES-R behavior items using structural equation modeling (SEM) were performed on four models from existing research. Results: The original three-factor model of intrusion, avoidance and hyperarousal symptoms exhibited the best goodness-of-fit indices when defined as oblique. The IES-R also revealed satisfactory reliability. Symptom levels of intrusion and avoidance were moderate, while hyperarousal scores were low, with a significant gender difference. Conclusion: Taken together, the IES-R revealed good psychometric properties in this nonclinical student sample and could be a useful instrument to assess and follow-up on PTSD symptoms after a certain identified trauma.

  • 2.
    Eid, Jarle
    et al.
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Johnsen, Bjørn-Helge
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Laberg, Jon-Christian
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Bartone, Paul T
    Center for Technology & national Security Policy, National Defense University, Washington, DC, USA.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised2009In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 63, no 5, p. 426-432Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3. Michel, P-O.
    et al.
    Lundin, T.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Personality disorders in a Swedish peacekeeping unit2005In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 59, no 2, p. 134-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lack of knowledge about the incidence of personality disorders and their consequences among peacekeepers. Moreover, most studies are follow-up studies in which, if at all, personality traits are screened for after the soldiers have left their service abroad. The aim of this paper was to study personality disorders in a longitudinal perspective. The method used was to screen the personnel in a Swedish mechanized battalion serving in Bosnia from March until October 1996 on four occasions: before deployment, immediately after deployment, 6 months after deployment and 1 year after deployment. Serving in the battalion were 724 individuals of whom 516 took part in the survey. The screening instrument used was the DSM-IV and ICD-10 Personality Questionnaire (DIP-Q). The result shows that the rate of personality disorders were on the same level, or a little bit lower, than in the general population. Moreover, personality disorders were related to impaired general mental health and to reported traumatic experiences. Personality disorders also seemed to contribute to poor mental health 1 year after returning home from a mission abroad. The implications of these results for the future selection of peacekeepers are discussed.

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