Change search
Refine search result
1 - 9 of 9
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Larsson, Gerry
    et al.
    The Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Hall-Lord, M-L.
    Personality development in nursing education: A Swedish study1993In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 79-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore personality development during nursing education. The sample consisted of 122 Swedish nursing students. Ninety-three per cent of the students were female and the mean age at the beginning of the nursing education (which lasts for two years) was 27.6 years. Personality inventories were administered at the beginning and end of the education. The post-education assessment rendered several statistically significant differences of means. Compared with the pre-education assessment, the nursing students reported a more positive profession-oriented self-perception at the end of the education, a stronger ideal, real, and mirror identity, a reduced trait anxiety, stronger needs for achievement, exhibition, autonomy, dominance, and nurturance, and a weaker abasement need. The practical significance of the results was discussed.

  • 2.
    Larsson, Gerry
    et al.
    Centrum för folkhälsoforskning, Högskolan i Karlstad.
    Starrin, B.
    Patient-nurse interactions: relationships between person characteristics, empathy, content of communication, and patients' emotional reactions1990In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 129-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relationships between antecedent person variables (sex and age), empathic understanding, content of communication, and patients' emotional reactions were studied in 3200 patient-assistant nurse dyadic interactions. The sample consisted of 32 psychiatric patients (20 males and 12 females, mean age: 61 years) and eight female assistant nurses at a nursing-home in Sweden. Four assistant nurses were younger (25 years old or less) and four were older (45 years old or more). All interactions were regular morning meetings at which the patient's activity plans for the day were discussed. These meetings were held in each patient's private room, and lasted for about 15 min. High empathic understanding on part of the helper covaried with more communication of "everyday character" and communication dealing with "personal and emotional qualities", with less communication dealing with "facts and practical issues", and with a more cheerful emotional state among the patients during the encounters. Male patients were more cheerful during encounters with younger assistant nurses while female patients were more cheerful when interacting with older assistant nurses. Helpers with higher scores on empathic understanding seemed to have a higher awareness of relational history.

  • 3.
    Larsson, Gerry
    et al.
    Centrum för folkhälsoforskning, Högskolan i Karlstad.
    Starrin, B.
    Wilde, B.
    Contributions of stress theory to the understanding of helping1991In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 79-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is theoretical, patient centred, and focuses on the two following questions: (1) In what way might a stress theoretical approach further our understanding of how helping can affect somatic and psychological processes in patients, and (2) in what way might stress theory offer action oriented guidelines for those who offer help ? A stress model is outlined involving relationships between a patient's cognitive appraisal of a given care situation, his or her coping efforts, and emotional and physiological reactions. Several conditions, related to the patient and to the care giving situation, which might influence the patient's appraisal process are discussed. Possible short- and long-term effects of helping in the somatic and psychological domains are presented. Two examples of common care situations are analysed to show how stress theory may offer helpers an action oriented tool. The concept of participatory caring, implying not only patient involvement but actual power sharing between patients and health professionals, is discussed.

  • 4.
    Larsson, Gerry
    et al.
    Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Starrin, Bengt
    Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Relaxation training as an integral part of caring activities for cancer patients: Effects on well-being1992In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 179-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purposes of this study were twofold. The first was to investigate if relaxation training conducted by nurses as an integral part of their caring activities affected breast cancer patients' experiences of radiotherapy sessions as well as their general wellbeing. Second was to evaluate a pedagogical model for large scale application of relaxation training as an integral part of caring. The sample consisted of 64 consecutive outpatients with breast cancer at a Swedish oncology clinic, receiving their first radiotherapy treatment course following surgery. Every second patient was assigned to an experimental group (n= 32, mean age: 59.5 years) and every other second patient was assigned to a control group (n= 32, mean age: 60.0 years). The programme resulted in the following general effects: fewer perceived daily hassles and a more cheeful overall mood state. The following treatment situation specific effects were noted: programme participants appraised the treatment sessions as successively more benign-positive and less threatening. They also reported more perceived muscular tensions during treatment sessions. Most goals concerning the routinization of the pedagogical model were reached.

  • 5.
    Larsson, Gerry
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Wilde Larsson, B.
    Munck, I.
    Refinement of the questionnaire 'quality of care from the patient's perspective' using structural equation modelling1998In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 111-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1994, the questionnaire 'Quality of Care from the Patient's Perspective' (QPP) was developed using a conventional factor analytical approach (Wilde et al. 1994). The items and conceptual framework of this questionnaire were derived from a theoretical model, which, in turn, was developed from qualitative patient interviews, using a grounded theory method of analysis (Wilde et al. 1993). The aims of this study were to develop further the dimensionality of the QPP using structural equation modelling combined with advances in factor analysis modelling, and to refine the instrument. This comparatively new methodology extracts more information out of questionnaire data and is considered to be superior to traditional scaling methods. The sample consisted of 611 somatic inpatients from four departments at a Swedish hospital. Data collected with the QPP were explored with the new tool tracing the dimensions postulated in the theoretical model underlying the QPP. A nested factor model was developed fulfilling statistical criteria for adjustment between model and data. The model consists of a general factor and 16 subordinate factors. Most of the original QPP scales were reproduced with the new statistical technique. However, some content changes were made which appear to bring the QPP scales closer to patients' meaning representations of the area. Some changes were also made to the response format, changes which appear to strengthen the psychometric properties of the instrument. The refined QPP will hopefully contribute to a more differentiated picture of quality of care when applied in the field. All scales, items, and response formats of the revised QPP are presented in an appendix.

  • 6. Starrin, B.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Centrum för folkhälsoforskning, Högskolan i Karlstad.
    Styrborn, S.
    A review and critique of psychological approaches to the burn-out phenomenon1990In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 83-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 70s the concept burn-out appeared in psychological literature on the helping professions. The concept has since then been ascribed several meanings, and critical voices have been raised against the lack of clarity and consensus in the definitions. The aim of this article was to critically examine the thinking on the concept of burn-out. The helping professionals--nurses, welfare officers, psychologists, medical doctors, etc.--have expanded rapidly since the 60s. It is stated that the issues on which burn-out researchers focus deserve the attention of social scientists in general. The major limitation in the literature on burn-out is that there is little analysis of the role of society and social conditions in producing the phenomenon. It is suggested that sociological analyses may have a contribution to make here.

  • 7.
    Torp Stensvehagen, Marianne
    et al.
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Arnesveen Bronken, Berit
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Lien, Lars
    Innlandet Hospital Trust, Norway.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    How women experience and cope with daily hassles after sexual abuse: a retrospective qualitative study2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of stress on health can depend on factors such as frequency, heightening of stress during a given period or the presence of one or a few repeated hassles of psychological importance. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how adult women experience and cope with daily hassles after sexual abuse. Ten interviews were analysed using the grounded theory method. The theoretical model of ‘protecting armor in daily life’ emerged. The aftermath of sexual abuse related coping with daily stress can be understood as a three‐phase process: (1) avoiding and escaping—coping after experiencing sexual abuse; (2) accepting and disclosing—starting a process of recovery; and (3) reconciling and repossessing—living with the experience in the present. The model contributes to a deeper understanding of the everyday life of women who have experienced sexual abuse. Increased knowledge of coping behaviours that can be used to deal with daily hassles may also serve as a tool for health professionals, other helpers and family to help these women rebuild a good life.

  • 8. Wilde, B.
    et al.
    Larsson, Gerry
    The Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Larsson, M.E.
    Starrin, B.
    Quality of care from the patient's perspective: Development of a patient centered questionnaire based on a grounded theory model1994In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 39-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a previous study (Wilde et al. 1993), we developed a model of quality of care from a patient perspective using a grounded theory approach. The aim of the present study was to derive an instrument from this model. A questionnaire, Quality from Patients' Perspective (QPP), was developed which consisted of 56 items. Each item was evaluated in two ways by the respondent; assessment of perceived reality and evaluation of subjective importance (Likert scales). A personal quality of care index was computed on the basis of the relationship between these two scores. The QPP was tested on two samples, patients with infectious diseases (n = 147, mean age: 60 years) and nursing students (n = 103, mean age: 27 years). Patient's scores were factor analysed (principal factoring with oblique rotation) and 17 factors were extracted. Subgroups of patients were compared and correlations were computed between factor scores and self-rated health and well-being. Students also responded to a short form of the QPP (41 items) and personality scales. Correlations between these sets of variables were computed. The QPP was discussed in relation to existing scales.

  • 9. Wilde, B.
    et al.
    Starrin, B.
    Larsson, Gerry
    The Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Larsson, M.
    Quality of care from a patient perspective: A grounded theory study1992In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 113-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to develop a theoretical understanding of quality of care from a patient perspective, using a grounded theory approach. Thirty-five interviews were conducted with a sample of 20 adult hospitalized patients (mean age: 60 years) in a clinic for infectious diseases. Data were analysed according to the constant comparative method. A model was formulated according to which quality of care can be understood in the light of two conditions, the resource structure of the care organization and the patient's preferences. The resource structure of the care organization consists of person-related and physical- and administrative environmental qualities. The patient's preferences have a rational and a human aspect. Within this framework, patients' perceptions of quality of care may be considered from four dimensions: the medical-technical competence of the caregivers; the physical-technical conditions of the care organization; the degree of identity-orientation in the attitudes and actions of the caregivers and the socio-cultural atmosphere of the care organization. The model is discussed in relation to existing theories in the field.

1 - 9 of 9
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf