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  • 1.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Hellberg, Roland
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Skoglund, Per
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Avdelningen för funktioner och perspektiv.
    Logistics growth in the armed forces: development of a theoretical framework and research propositions2024Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 84-106Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the current instability within the European security landscape, militaries are seeking new ways to grow and counter emergent threats. However, there is a rarity of armed forces addressing logistics growth within literature. Thus, this paper investigates growth concepts that can enable military forces develop, conduct, and grow logistics to achieve its operational objectives. The paper undertakes extant literature analysis of three relevant theories of growth as a means to review for comprehending organizational growth. The relationships between logistics and three growth theories as well as industry growth practices are analysed. Argues that the development of the concept of logistics growth in the military require support not just from established growth theories but also from long-standing industrial practice in order to fully develop the best strategic-fit growth concept for the military. Nine propositions reflecting antecedent relationships amongst theoretical variables for growth are developed. Study serves as a point of departure for further research on military growth in general and military logistics growth in particular and provides military leaders with disciplinary options for evaluating logistics growth strategies for achieving operational objectives and goals.

  • 2.
    Bergström, Alfred
    et al.
    Swedish Navy, Stockholm, (SWE).
    Friedner Parrat, Charlotta
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria.
    Two perspectives on littoral warfare2022Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 433-447Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The world’s littorals is an important theater for all sorts of human interaction. So, also for naval warfare, which increasingly has led defense planners to focus on littoral capabilities rather than on Mahanian high-sea battles. We address the question of what littoral warfare means for different types of states. To that end, we develop a set of opposing ideal-types with regards to each type’s operational environment, aims, methods, and means for littoral warfare. We then use these ideal-types to analyze the naval doctrines of Sweden, the UK, and the US. This comparison generates some interesting results. For blue-water navies, littoral warfare is an additional burden and a high-risk endeavor, since the littoral, which the planning concerns is somebody else’s. For the small coastal state, correspondingly, littoral warfare is the sole purpose of its navy, and it can focus all its resources there as well as on cooperation with its air force and army, which are necessarily nearby. For blue-water navies, the objective of littoral warfare is to defeat the enemy, whereas for the small coastal state, it is deterrence.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Björnehed, Emma
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI).
    What is the value of naval forces?–ideas as a strategic and tactical restriction2022Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Borg, Stefan
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    Below the radar: Examining a small state’s usage of tactical unmanned aerial vehicles2020Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 185-201Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an extensive and rapidly growing body of literature on armed Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAVs) focused on the US War on Terror. However, smaller Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for military use, or what this paper refers to as tactical UAVs utilised by small states, have received much less scholarly attention ̶ despite their rapid proliferation in the last decade. In order to start rectifying this dual neglect of more limited UAVs employed by small states, the paper makes an empirical contribution to the study of tactical UAVs. Drawing on a substantial number of interviews and studies commissioned by the Swedish Armed Forces, the paper examines the Swedish UAV program, which is in certain ways representative of a smaller state’s efforts to incorporate UAVs into its armed forces. The paper argues that it is crucial to think in terms of systems rather than the UAV as a free-standing resource to be used on its own. If utilized along with other ISR assets, tactical UAVs may have a significant role to play in asymmetric conflicts.

  • 5.
    Christiansson, Magnus
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen.
    Defense planning beyond rationalism: the third offset strategy as a case of metagovernance2018Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 262-278Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes U.S. defense planning, and more specifically the public administration of the third offset strategy. The U.S. defense bureaucracy is rooted in a tradition of rational planning, which assumes a process of consistent, value-maximizing choices within specified constrains. The cornerstone in this tradition is the program budgeting system, once created to connect plans with budgets according to preferences. The third offset strategy, aimed at dealing with the challenges of geopolitical competition and budget austerity, is influenced by a different public administration philosophy described as metagovernance. Metagovernance is a challenge to rational planning as it entails an indirect approach of organizing arenas for networks, in which start-up companies and civilian corporations get to interact with government officials in order to identify incrementally suitable acquisition projects. Furthermore, the article contextualizes this tendency in reflexive modernity, in which rationality breaks down due to the pace of societal changes and planning processes constantly become subject to feedback.

  • 6.
    Doeser, Fredrik
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen.
    Historical experiences, strategic culture, and strategic behavior: Poland in the anti-ISIS coalition2018Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 454-473Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to an explanation of why Poland, after a period of almost two years’ hesitation, decided to dispatch military forces to the United States-led coalition against the Islamic State in June 2016. The Polish case is examined by applying the concept of strategic culture, taking into account a state’s core military strategic beliefs and the historical experiences on which these beliefs are based. The case study shows that strategic culture shaped the Polish decision-making on the coalition, by predisposing the decision-makers toward a typical Polish behavior in international military operations, namely to exchange security benefits with important allies. The article also has implications for the general study of strategic culture, by specifying the relationship between historical experiences and strategic culture.

  • 7.
    Ekholm, Anders
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Markavdelningen.
    Wizards of depth: Israel’s area of operations and lessons learned from its depth dimension2024Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 1-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to broaden the understanding of Operational Depth (OD) by rethinking how it can be perceived. The emphasis when doing so is dedicated to cognitive effects, thus another dimension of depth, compared to the mainstream physical- or temporal approaches to depth in military thought. The empirical focus draws on Israel and explicitly the case of the 2006 war between Israel and Hezbollah to provide an example where a lack of physical depth is skillfully handled, hence the title Wizards of Depth. The empiric inquiry is guided by an analytical framework, departing from a theoretical elaboration where OD is approached as a circular trinity: the ability to project, absorb, and manoeuver available coercive assets along offensive and defensive lines of operation. By using this definition in concert with the analytical framework, the article represents a mediation − a dialectic practice between the linear approaches to operations of the West and the more circular, often non-contiguous, and evolving perceptions found further east. When doing so, the article demonstrates how depth can be perceived in various ways, subsequently providing possible avenues to extend depth for actors beyond the Israeli example. A qualitative approach is employed, drawing on extensive fieldwork in Israel.

  • 8.
    Erdeniz, Robert
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Krigsvetenskapliga avdelningen (KVA), Sektionen för operationskonst (KV Opkonst).
    Operations planning revisited: theoretical and practical implications of methodology2016Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 248-269Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Parts of NATO’s contemporary planning framework called the comprehensive operations planning directive (COPD), and parts of the operation-level planning process should be revised since they suffer from methodological inconsistency. This claim is defended by discussing contradicting methodological properties and heuristics applied when framing and managing a military problem in accordance with the COPD. The methodological inconsistency within the COPD; in other words, simultaneously applying contradictory methodological properties, implies one theoretical and three practical implications. The theoretical implication is summarised in a meta-theoretical framework and explained by discussing five methodological properties: non-linearity, emergence, independently changeable generalisations, invariance and boundaries. The three practical implications of methodology imply that methodology is guiding: the problem-frame, conceptual development and action. To improve military planners’ understanding and management of these four identified implications, NATO is recommended to develop a “handbook of methodology.” The purpose of such a handbook should be to emphasise the utility of methodology when planning military operations

  • 9.
    Finlan, Alastair
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Operativa avdelningen (OPA), Sektionen för gemensamma operationer (GemOp).
    Danielsson, Anna
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Operativa avdelningen (OPA), Sektionen för gemensamma operationer (GemOp).
    Lundqvist, Stefan
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Marinsektionen (Marin). Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Operativa avdelningen (OPA), Sektionen för gemensamma operationer (GemOp).
    Critically engaging the concept of joint operations: Origins, reflexivity and the case of Sweden2021Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 356-374Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Henåker, Lars
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Operativa avdelningen.
    Exploring military victory in battle: a qualitative study on contemporary tactics2020Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 163-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines simulated battle settings, to analyze how tactics are performed and victory is achieved by observing tacticians dueling in wargames. In contemporary warfare, victory in battle relates to a wide variety of elements. According to military theory, these elements commonly involve deployment, reconnaissance, manoeuvre, breakthrough, tempo, surprise, exploitation, and shock, resulting in enemy organizational breakdown. Ideally, if one side in combat exploits all elements successfully, the likelihood of victory increases. Although the use of the tactical elements is not always obvious to the participants, the study indicates a correlation between using the elements and victory in a wargame setting. Although wargames inherent bias by not being the real world, they are used in training, education and analysis worldwide. The study also illustrates that the participants view tactical victory differently in battle.

  • 11.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft). Swedish Defence University.
    AI, Autonomy and Airpower: the End of Pilots?2019Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 337-352Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Military pilots have long been central to airpower projection in both combat and non-combat operations. While the historical and contemporary roles of military aviators have been examined extensively in previous scholarship, the present study distinguishes itself by evaluating the future prospects of military aviators. By so doing, it argues that technological advances in autonomy and artificial intelligence (AI) will most likely lead to the development of pilotless aerial vehicles (PAVs), if current technological and social trends persist. In this new order, the military pilot will become a thing of the past.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Luftsektionen (Luft).
    Air Power in Humanitarian Intervention: Kosovo and Libya in Comparative Perspective2018Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 39-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It would be hard to overstate the importance of air power in humanitarian intervention (HI) and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). Yet, the role of air power in HI and R2P has been understudied. This article seeks to remedy the lack of systematic investigation. It does so by developing a framework for assessing the effectiveness of air power during military operations in HI and R2P and applies it to NATO’s air campaigns in Kosovo (Operation Allied Force) and Libya (Operation Unified Protector). Upon examination NATO is revealed to have fared better in Libya than Kosovo in positively accomplishing its stated humanitarian objectives, minimizing collateral damage and reducing the costs for the interveners, all of which are aspects considered by the model. The relative effectiveness of Operations Unified Protector is generally attributed to geography, diplomacy and technology. It is argued that better ground support, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and burden sharing are needed to enhance the utility of air power in HI and R2P even further.

  • 13.
    Holmberg, Arita
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    A demilitarization process under challenge: The example of Sweden2015Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 1-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decades, the process of militarization that characterized Sweden after the Second World War has been replaced by a process of demilitarization. With the debates following the war in Georgia 2008 and the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014, this process of demilitarization appears under challenge. This raises questions about the nature of these processes and the problems facing the attempts at turning them around. The article introduces a framework for analysing the influence of the military upon politics and society in the twenty-first-century European context with the aim of better understanding the various traits, their interconnections and relation to broader trends in Europe and the West. The analysis shows that traits of demilitarization are still dominating in Sweden, although some indications of remilitarization can be found.

  • 14.
    Holmberg, Arita
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen, Sektionen för säkerhet.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    How Pressure for Change Challenge Military Organizational Characteristics2019Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 130-148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article elaborates on how structural, normative and functional pressures for change may challenge military organizational characteristics. We problematize theoretically and exemplify empirically what consequences these pressures can have on military organizational characteristics, arguing that they constitute major challenges for managing in particular normative pressures for change. The empirical examples suggest that bureaucratic, hierarchical, narcissistic and greedy traits of the organization are challenged by normative pressures such as value changes and normalization. Another source of challenge is professionalization processes. Structural challenges, on the other hand, are managed by the organization and do not seem to inhibit the workings of organizational characteristics. The plausibility probe conducted questions the sustainability of military organizational characteristics in their traditional disguise, in particular due to legitimacy concerns. It is suggested that future research should be directed towards analyzing how military organizations manage pressure for change and whether their characteristics are questioned.

  • 15.
    Liwång, Hans
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för försvarssystem.
    Andersson, Kent
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för försvarssystem, Avdelningen för försvarssystem.
    Bang, Martin
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för försvarssystem.
    Malmio, Irja
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för försvarssystem, Avdelningen för försvarssystem.
    Tärnholm, Therese
    KTH (SWE).
    How can systemic perspectives on defence capability development be strengthened?2023Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 399-420Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last thirty years, suggestions for how to develop defence capability have developed rapidly. However, supporting theory and structured concept development lag behind. Despite this imbalance, countries need to continuously spend resources on defence development. This study identifies central challenges in relation to the scientific perspectives and approaches needed to support the development of defence capability. The results show that the support for developing interactions between technology and social components is especially weak and that relevant supporting theories and methods from related fields are not considered. This study also shows that it is important to be able to address these questions from various perspectives and not to be limited by a specific scientific tradition. Finally, this study also identifies a possible emerging cluster of reports on capability-related research that provide a base for a much-needed cross-disciplinary approach to the development of defence capability.

  • 16.
    Lundqvist, Stefan
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Krigsvetenskapliga avdelningen (KVA), Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Why teaching comprehensive operations planning requires transformational learning2015Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 175-201Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that the method outlined in NATO’s Comprehensive Operations Planning Directive (COPD) manual is entirely based on systems theory and describes how to apply the principles for managing system change through comprehensive operations projects. Such systems thinking is based on conceptually different principles than traditional military planning methods. Students must therefore be provided with new conceptual tools to understand and handle the complex planning process outlined in the COPD manual. Thereto, they require knowledge of its founding scientific theories to meet academic standards. The concluding message is that military teachers and students must widen their individual mental frames of reference through a transformational learning process to obtain the comprehensive understanding required to fully manage the COPD process. Moreover, they need to prepare for facilitating dialogues in the less mature comprehensive operations planning teams of real-life situations.

  • 17.
    Lundqvist, Stefan
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Krigsvetenskapliga avdelningen (KVA), Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Widén, Jerker
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Krigsvetenskapliga avdelningen (KVA), Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).
    Swedish–Finnish naval cooperation in the Baltic Sea: motives, prospects and challenges2016Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 346-373Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, Finland and Sweden decided to substantially deepen their defence cooperation and this project involves creating a bilateral standing Naval Task Group (SFNTG). The present article aims at examining the deepening naval cooperation between Finland and Sweden from a regional integration perspective, focusing on its motives, current challenges and future prospects. Driven by perceptions of common challenges and desires for cost-effectiveness, and strengthened by recent successes on sea surveillance and a combined Amphibious Task Unit, the bilateral project has considerable potential to achieve success. To fulfil its objectives, substantial legal changes in both countries are required to allow the use of force on each other’s territorial waters. To cater for the requirement of not conflicting with EU, NORDEFCO or NATO cooperations, the bilateral Task Group must operate according to NATO standards and by using English as the language in command and control. The costs of adjusting the naval units to NATO’s technical requirements are far from negligible and this issue still remains to be solved. If Finland and Sweden manage to incorporate new policies, common structures and common organisational norms among their navies, an even deeper integration, as in Belgium and the Netherlands, are conceivable.

  • 18.
    Nilsson, Niklas
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Marksektionen (Mark).
    Practicing mission command for future battlefield challenges: the case of the Swedish army2020Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 436-452Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As armies across Europe are currently developing capabilities to fight a high-intensity conventional war against a peer adversary, these armies will have to develop units that can fight independently in a complex environment, with limited direction from higher levels of command. Integral to this process is the need for a competent practice of mission command, viewed as a key component of maneuver warfare. The article identifies a set of enablers that need to be present in a military organization in order to practice mission command efficiently, including shared understanding and trust; initiative; a tolerant approach to failure, success, and learning; and the acceptance of mission command as an all-encompassing practice. The article then presents data from interviews with Swedish army officers focusing on the presence and significance of these enablers in their professional context. The article concludes that the increasing complexity of the peacetime tasks performed by military officers give rise to conflicting leadership demands. Consequently, exercising mission command and socializing younger colleagues into the practice is a far from straightforward process, which frequently competes with other demands placed on officers by their colleagues, the organization that they are part of, or the broader societal context.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Nisser, John
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för krigsvetenskap och militärhistoria, Operativa avdelningen.
    Conceptualizing doctrinal rejection: a comparison between Active Defense and Airland Battle2023Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 274-291Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Doctrines are considered a key component of military power, shaping the ways in which armed forces organize and operate. This study critically examines the assumption that armed forces can change their practices by writing formal doctrine. The study addresses the research problem of why some formal doctrines are implemented and others are rejected. It does so by developing and testing a novel theoretical framework on doctrinal implementation through a comparative case study on rejection of the US Army 1976 Active Defense doctrine and successful implementation of the 1982 AirLand Battle doctrine. The study shows that contrary to popular beliefs, the actual concepts within a formal doctrine do not seem crucial for whether it is implemented or rejected. Rather, cultural coherence and inclusive creation seem crucial in this regard.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Deverell, Edward
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Wagnsson, Charlotte
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Hellman, Maria
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    EU, armed forces and social media: convergence or divergence?2016Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 97-117Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how armed forces in EU member states work with and view social media in national and international settings, and what the patterns of convergence/divergence are on these issues. To that end, a questionnaire targeted at EU armed forces was constructed. An index of qualitative variation was calculated to explore the relative convergence among respondents (n = 25) on issues of risks and opportunities with using social media nationally and internationally. Consistent with previous research on European armed forces, we found higher levels of divergence than convergence. Contrary to our expectations that similar challenges, joint international standards, and membership in international organizations would foster convergence with regard to social media use in areas of deployment, we found that convergence appeared foremost pertaining to the domestic level. Policy divergence was strongest in areas of deployment.

  • 21.
    Sörenson, Karl
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Marinsektionen (Marin).
    Comparable Deterrence: Target, Criteria and Purpose2017Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 198-213Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decade has seen several advances in the study of deterrence. These advances have sparked some strong disagreements regarding interpretation of the models and what their contributions signify. This paper appraises the discussions from a model theoretic perspective. It is argued that when comparing rivalling models three aspects; (i) target, (ii) criteria and (iii) type of purpose should be taken into account in order to make a proper appraisal. Informed by these aspects it is evident that the three deterrence models analysed address different aspects, in different ways and to different ends. From this perspective, the so-called Perfect Deterrence model must be recognised as a clear advancement in the research field. Model comparison will always be context relative and a plurality of models should be viewed favourably.

  • 22.
    Watts, John
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen.
    Ledberg, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Statsvetenskapliga avdelningen.
    Brothers in Arms, Yet Again?: Twenty-first Century Sino-Russian Strategic Collaboration in the Realm of Defence and Security2016Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 427-449Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    2014-2015 were years of turmoil for strategic relations, with Sino-Russian relations emerging as a particularly interesting set of ties to observe. This article asks whether recurrent Sino-Russian exhortations of friendship are mirrored by their strategic alignment in the defence and security realm, half a century after the end of the Sino-Soviet pact during the communist era. We examine the arms trade between the two countries and with regional partners, but also the recent pattern of bilateral and multilateral military exercises, as a combined test of the security and defence relationship.  We are able to show that the image of friendship that both Moscow and Beijing like to promote, while apparent at the UN Security Council and within the BRICS group, remains constrained by rivalry in high-tech segments of the arms industry and by lingering concerns about the prospects of peer interference in their shared regional vicinity.

  • 23.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Marksektionen (Mark).
    Ahlström, Peter
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Marksektionen (Mark).
    Mirror, mirror on the wall, who is the most offensive of them all?: Explaining the offensive bias in military tactical thinking2019Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 170-188Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores why the offensive predominates military tactical thinking. With survey results showing an offensive bias among 60 per cent of senior Swedish officers and as many as 80 per cent in the case of the army, it is clear that this is not just a problem of the past but is equally relevant today. The article asks why there is a tendency to perceive and understand offensive tactics as the preferred choice and the way to conduct battle that should be encouraged and preferred. Drawing on existing research and the findings of a pilot study, ten propositions for why the offensive bias exists are tested using a mixed-method approach. Based on the findings, the article develops a model to understand why the offensive dominates military tactical thinking. It is found that the two key constitutive factors behind the offensive bias are military culture and education. These factors most directly and profoundly influence an officer’s identity, perceptions, and thinking. Military culture and education, in turn, work as a prism for four other factors: military history, the theory and principles of war, doctrine and TTPs, and psychological factors.

  • 24.
    Ångström, Jan
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen.
    The US perspective on future war: why the US relies upon Ares rather than Athena2018Inngår i: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 318-338Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses why the US in its military operations tends to focus on only one dimension in war – the military narrowly understood. More precisely, in the US case, its armed forces tend to be preoccupied with platforms and understand military capabilities as those that deliver death and destruction. I explain this one-sided understanding of the military dimension in war with how the US armed forces think about future war. How the US understands future war is, in turn, a reflection of how it organizes its long-term defense planning procedures. In particular, by approaching the concept of future as by and large structurally determined, a focus on platforms becomes natural. Investments in weapons systems, too, are more easily motivated to Congress since it is easier to attach a price to developing, for example, a new submarine than it is to attach a price to the cost of developing a military organization that is adaptive, learning and anticipating. The understanding of the future as something that happens whether you like it or not is particularly odd in the US context where of course a central tenet of the American dream is that the individual creates her own future.

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