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  • 1.
    Larsson, Gerry
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Kallenberg, K.
    Dimensional analysis of sense of coherence using structural equation modeling1999In: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 13, p. 51-61Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Larsson, Gerry
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Ledarskapsinstitutionen.
    Kallenberg, K.
    Dimensional analysis of sense of coherence using structural equation modelling1999In: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 51-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sense of coherence (SOC) concept has been criticized on conceptual and psychometric grounds. The aim of this study was to develop the concept using structural equation modelling. The short 13-item version of the SOC questionnaire was used and data were collected from two different samples. Each sample consisted of about 2000 individuals, selected to be representative of the Swedish population. A model with a general factor and two subordinate specific factors yielded a satisfactory solution in both samples. The two factors were labelled Social Comprehension and Commitment and Unpleasant Emotions and Inner Tension respectively. It was concluded that the 13-item SOC scale could to a cel rain degree be regarded as a measure of negative affectivity and that the suggested model makes the SOC concept move theoretically coherent.

  • 3.
    Larsson, Gerry
    et al.
    Vårdhögskolan i Karlstad, Sweden.
    Kempe, Christina
    Starrin, Bengt
    Appraisal and coping processes in acute time-limited stressful situations: A study of police officers1988In: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 259-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the appraisal and coping process in acute, time-limited stressful situations in a stress experienced group: 54 Swedish police officers. Each police officer retrospectively reported their thoughts, emotions, and actions during five recent stressful job events. The relations among appraisals of threat and of coping options, seven forms of problem- and emotion-focused coping strategies, and selfrated performance were examined. Compared with previous studies of ordinary people in stressful situations, the police officers felt less threatened, appraised the situations as more solvable, and used considerably more problem-focused forms of coping. Age had a significant effect on appraisal, while organizational position had a significant effect on coping. Using latent profile analysis, four appraisal styles were obtained. Consistency of cross-situational appraisal style amongst individuals was high. The functional relationships among variables, i.e. appraisal, coping, and performance, are discussed.

  • 4.
    Larsson, Gerry
    et al.
    The Centre for Public Health Research, The County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Nordström, L.
    Ljunggren, G.
    Nyberg, A.
    Resare, B.
    Schedewin, G.
    Wahlgren, M.
    The Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck personality types, health-related behaviour, and indicators of transitory ill-health1995In: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 75-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to scrutinize the relationship between personality type as described by Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck, health-related behaviours, and indicators of transitory ill health in a community sample. The sample consisted of all per sons aged 40 years (45 men and 35 women) in a Swedish municipality who agreed to take part in a health examination at the primary health care centre of the municipality. The Short Interpersonal Reactions Inventory (Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck, 1990) was used to measure personality type. Self-report data were obtained regarding seven health-related behaviours. Health was assessed in three ways; self-report (paper and pencil), self-report (interview response to physician), and measures of 36 biological variables including immune system indicators. The allocation of persons to the different personality types proved problematic using the established methods. By combining the types, according to Eysenck's personality model, and performing a cluster analysis on this combination, a ‘healthy’ and a ‘stressed’ profile were identified within both the male and the female group of subjects. Persons in the healthy personality cluster showed more favourable scores on the health-related behaviour indices and on the self-report health scales than the persons in the stressed cluster. They also tended to score lower than those in the stressed cluster on most of the biological markers known to increase during acute stress. The possibility that this implies a higher level of strain for the persons in the stressed cluster on various bodily systems is discussed.

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